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The GrnnRC Jlovcincnt.
The present century has been ex
tremely prolific in bringing forth nu
xnerous societies and organizations for
the purpose of fostering some special
interest or promoting some particular
object Tlit members of almost every
trade and oscupation have effected or
fmni7.ition3 for the benefit of their
special calling or business, hence, there
nr trades-unions, labor or working
men's societies, railroad combinations,
whisky rings and money corporations.
If the general good can be advanced
by the formation of societies represent
ing special objects or interests, enough
has already been done in this direction
to secure the desired end. Therefore,
If yet another tecrct organization is to
be added to the long list, its members
or friends should give some plea for
its existence, some explanation of its
principles, its operations and its ob
jccls. The organization of the Patrons
of Husbandry claims to be a public
benefactor. It places itself upon
higher moral ground than any of its
predecessors ever presumed to do.
The financial rings of Wall street, tlie
railroad combinations, the labor un
ions, and whisky rings, each lay out a
mode of proceedure for its own special
benefit, without any regard to the
rights and prosperity of any other
branch of business. The very princi
ples of their organizations render them
antagonistic to every other interest.
Bates of transportation are fixed with
out any regard to the ability of the
producers to pay, but with an eye sin
gle to the revenue of the company.
So the money broker regulates the rate
per cent, not upon the real market
value of money, but according to the
ability and necessity of the borrower.
The laborer, also fixes his wages, not
according to the actual amount of ser-
vicc rendered, but according to the
emergency that makes his labor neces-
rary. Unlike all these combinations
the Patrons of Husbandry act on the
principle of "live and let live." Their
proposed principle of business is that
laid down by the Apostle Paul, "Look
not every man on liu own things, but
every man also on thethings of others."
The Patrons hive been represented as
being opposed to every industry but
that of agriculture, as being the enemy
of the merchant, manufacturer, trans
portation companies, &c In this re
ppect they arc greatly misunderstood
or misrepresented, ihe tarmer sim
ply demands that the merchant and
manufacturer deal with him on equita
ble business principles. He demands
that they require him to pay no un
necessary and unjust tariff. He pro
poses to pay the manufacturer his
price for machinery, but insists that
the agent or middle-man to whom he
is required to pay a large and useless
per cent be removed. He simply
asks the merchant to buy his produce
upon the same principles he sells his
merchandise, viz: give him the same
per cent on actual cost for the pro
duce of his farm, that he demands of
him over the actual cost of his goods.
As already stated, the Grange or
ganization is a public benefactor.
Upon the prosperity of the farmer de
pends that of every other profession,
trade and industry. The babe is not
more dependent on the maternal breast
than are the manufacturing and com
mercial pursuits on the farmer. When
she latter fail, all fail: when the far
mer prospers every other industrial
pursuit prospers. Hence the Grange
movement is the patron of all the va-
rfed interests of our country. As it
strengthens, it builds up every inter
est on which the greatness of a nation
resta. As it is the hard-handed tiller-
of the soil to whom the nation
mut look in the hour of its peril for
defenders, and from whose well-filled
purse must come the wherewith to re
plenish its empty treasury, in times of
financial embarrassment, it follows that
ijie. prosperity is a guarantee of the el
cvation. of society, and of the prosperi
ty and raaintainancc of our Govern
rnent. LpuitviHe National Granger.
At recent meetings of dairymen's as
.sociations in, the Eastern State, expe
rienced dairymen paid they attached
much importance to the color of the
inside of the ear of a cow as a test of
her butter producing ability. A rich
elltv color on the inside of the ear,
one speaker said, he had never known
to. fail as ahign of a good butter cow,
one that would; eiVc liihi rich milk.
Dr. Sttirtevnn.t regards the color of the
ear a good guide, but calls attention to
the'necessity.when oltserving, for clear
ing a war the secretions that may have
accumulated on the i-kin and which
inar be darker than the skin itself.
Cooking Food for Stoclt.
The writer of an essay published in
the reports of the Nebraska State Ag
ricultural Society, says ; "I know by
experiene, that there is a saving of
fully onethird the quantity, and when
we consider the thrift and rapid im
provement of the stock one-half of the
value of cooked material over raw.
Most people think it too much trouble,
and n loss of tlmo, to cook their stock
feed, but this objection Is largely im
aginative, and soon overcome by the
rapid and health' growth of the stock
An economical and practical cooker
can easily be made after a plan of
Mr. S. H. Clay, of Kentucky, who
builds an oven or pit on the ground,
of brick, six or eight feet long, three
feet wide, and two feet high (I think
eighteen inches a better hight), with
chimney at one end. The pit is covered
with a box of two-inch plank of the
above dimensions, with a sheet iron
bottom. This pit, if closely banked up,
will hold a long time, and cook a large
quantity of materials with a very
small amount of fuel, and the whole
cost will not exceed six or seven dollars
I never feed more than my stock will
eat up clean ; after a few times, the
feeder will learn to graduate the amount
to the needs of his stock, and no more.
An old breeder of Tennessee, George
T. Allman, in the Rural Sun, gives
his ideas of improving stock. He says;
"I beg and urge each one to patronize
only pure bred males, and never a
mongrel. While my taste would in
cline me to patronize the thoroughbred
stallion(the best for all purposes that
horses are used for), yet the present
indications are that the trotter is the
coming horse for the masses to handle.
' Blood will tell ' in everything, from
a chicken to a man. If you propose to
breed trotters, or mules, you want a
dash of blood to give the produce the
staying qualities desirable on the farm
or on the turf. I prefer early foals,
especially if thoroughbred. A few
weeks' difference tells on the race
course or in the fair ring. They go
through the first winter much better
than the late ones. Fillies who have
never produced should be bred so as
to drop their foals the middle of April
or first of May. The trouble with all
young dams is to give milk enough for
their offspring, hence the necessity of
having the produce drop when there is
plenty of luxuriant grasses. I hold
that our true policy is to breed only
the best have them well cared for.
The days of pay or pleasure in handling
inferior stock are numbered among the
things that were. So of half-fed and
poor accommodations for the comfort
of your stock. A few good ones, well
cared for.afford more pleasure and prof
it than a host of inferior ones fed on
shucks and promises. I find grass the
cheapest feed I can grow for stock, and
a meadow to pay the best of any land
on the farm."
We have before us the results of the
cleansing of barley and wheat by the
aid of one of the mo3t perfect grain
separators we have ever seen which
we believe have never before been
published. The first was a bushel of
barley, weighing forty-six pounds,
which was separated with the following
result, viz.: From tha busbel twenty
eight pounds of plump seed barley was
obtained, thirteen pounds of light bar
ley and oats, three pounds of buckwheat
and one pound of seeds of weeds. The
second was a bushel of wheat weighing
fifty-eight pounds, cleansed with the
following results: From this bushel
thirty-four pounds of Xo. 1 or heavy
seed wheat were obtained, twelve
pounds of No. 2, or middling (light)
wheat, six pounds of No. 3 wheat
(very small, pinched kernels) and pink
or cockle, five pounds of oats and bar
ley and one pound of tangle-weed and
other foul seeds. As both the above
samples of grain were taken from the
ordinary crops grown on a first-class
farm, it will be seen how large a pro
portion of poor, light grain, as well as
seeds of foul noxious plants, were being
raised and propagated by the use as
seed of the barley and wheat rated.
Even if the oats and barley and wheat
were in every instance cleansed or
washed before being sown which,
however, is not the cases the seed of
weeds arc propagated through the
manure hauled out upon the land, and
our fields arc- by this means overrun
with useless plants and weeds. So if
the farmer would not only raio prof
itable crops of heavy grain, but keep
his farm clean and free from weeds,
he must be careful to sow only good
grain, thoroughly cleansed, free from
worthless and foul seed. Maine Far
An Indian maiden, who wears army
pants and chews tobacco, goes by the
pretty name of 'Tailing Water."
A New EhglanA'fatlier, who has been
presented with twina six times in succes
sion, advertises ''boy to let."
Suggestions About Wheat.
The recent rainy spell injured wheat
considerably where it was left in the
field without being well shockeb or
capped. Much of the wheat was left
in an imperfect condition and received
considerable damage. Let those
farmers who have not time to thresh
it this week go over their fields and
have their wheat put in large good
shocks well capped, so as to protect it
from wet weather, which we arc apt
to have for several weeks. This is the
plan the Virginia wheat-growers adopt
when they have to leave their wheat
in the fieln. This can not be attended
to too soon. Delay is ruinous. After
having grown such a fine wheat crop
do not loose it by neglect Again,
damaged wheat should be separated
from the good wheat.and threshed at
a different time. The wet wheut will
injure the dry, good wheat, if put up
with it On that account they should
be kept separate. Save your wheat,
even if you have to let other crops
wait a few days. Memphu Appeal.
Strawberry Charlotte. Boil one
ounce of isinglass in a quart of milk
until dissolved. Have ready nine eggs
well beaten, then mix together with
half a pound of sugar. Pour the boil
ing milk on them, stiring all the time
until cool enough to pour in a pint of
sweet cream. Continue to stir until
the cream is well mixed, when it should
be poured into the moulds, previously
lined with slices of sponge-cake, spread
with a layer of strawberry preserves.
It should be seasoned with vanilla, ei
therby boiling a piece of the beau in
the milk or using tips extract. It is an
improvement to dish with whipped
Pineapple Siiort-cake. A couple
of hours before bringing the cake on
the table, take a very ripe finely fla
vored pineapple, peel it, cut it as thin
as wafers, and sprinkle sugar over it
liberally; then cover it close. For the
short-cake take sufficient flour for one
pie-dish, of butter the size of a small
egg, a tablespoonful or two of sugar,
the yelk of an egg, two tablespoonfuls
of baking powder, a very little salt,
and milk enough to make a very soft
dough. Do not knead the dough but
just barely mix it, and press it into the
pie-plate. Then baking powder and
butter, sugar and salt, should be rubbed
well through the flour, and the other
ingredients quickly added. When
tiraojto sor-o, split this cake, spread
the prepared pineapple between the
layers, and serve with nothing but su
gar and sweet cream.
N. B. Do not butter the cake; it
would destroy the delicate flavor.
Western Mountain Cake. Three
cupfuls of pulverized sugar, one cup
ful of butter, half a cupful of flour,
the white of two eggs well frothed,
half a teaspoonful of soda, and a whole
tcaspoonful of cream of tartar. See
that the soda is thoroughly dissolved
in the milk, which must be poured to
it a little at a time. Sift the cream of
tartar into one cupful of the flour.
First cream the butter and sugar well
together, thea add alternately a little
egg and a little flour, until all, includ
ing the cream of tartar, is in; lastly
add the milk and bake as speedily as
possible. This quantity will make
four cakes baked in ordinary tin pic
plates. After the cakes are baked,
prepare an icing to spread over the top
of each cake, to be laid one above the
other in jelly-cake fashion. Four eggs,
with one pound of finest powdered su
gar, will furnish enough icing, which
is to be flavored with what you prefer,
instead of the dough. This cake is ve
ry nice when carefully prepared.
AVateumelon Cake. Take one
and a half cupfuls of white sugar, the
whites of four fresh eggs, half a cupful
of sour milk, half a cupful of butter,
two cupfuls of flour. Cream the but
ter and sugar well together; then add
the milk, with not quite half a tea
spoonful of soda; immediately after
ward stir in a little flour, then a little
egg, and so on until all the ingredients
are added. The eggs must, of course,
be beaten until very light. This com
pletes one-half of the process. Now
take one and a half cupfuls of pink su
gar (any good confectioner can sup.
bly it), half a cupful of butter, half a
cupful of sour milk, and not quite a
teapoonful of soda, two cupfuls of
flour. Flavor the pink part with any
thing you prefer; rosewater is much
used. Seed one-quarter of a pound of
good raisins; after you have them pre
pared, rub them well into a little flour,
when your cake will not be so apt to
fall. After your dough of both kinds
is ready, spread well the bottom and
sides of your pan with the white
dough; fill up with the pink, leaving
enough of the white to cover over en
tirely. Be very particular in baking,
and be sure it is well done before re
moving it from the pan. This is a
very popular cake, with young people
especially; and is both delicious and a
good imitation of watermelon.
To Pickle Cucumbers. Place n
layer of cucumbers in a crock or tub
and sprinkle with salt; then add other
layers until the tub is full. Pour over
boiling water until they arc covered.
This makes a brine which, for three
successive days, scald, skim and pour
over again. The fourth day pour off
the brine and prepare a bag of spices
as follows: One pound each of whole
cloves, cinnamon, allspice, black pep
per, mustard and brown sugar; a piece
of alum the size of a butternut; put
these into vinegar enough to cover the
cucumbers, boil ten minutes and pour
over them hot After three or four
days add a quart of nasturtions, six
large green peppers, a few pieces of
horseradish and a quart of small, white
onions, scalded to make them more
tender. If tne vinegar is pure cider
vinegar, these pickles are warranted to
keep a year or more.
Cucumber Catsup. Take of full
grown cucumbers, say one peck; re
move the rind and cut them down
lengthwisc,jben into thia dice-shaped.
piece; sRewlhalf a pint'of salt on them;
let then stand five or six hours; then
put them on a sieve to drain until quite
dry. Peel and slice twelve large silver
skinned onions, put them with the cu
cumbers into a stone pot and cover
them with strong vinegar. Add for
seasoning a tablespoonful of black pep
per, beaten up fine, a tcaspoonful of
Cayenne, a gill of sweet oil, a gill of
Madiera wine and a levy blades of mace.
Instead of putting away in one large
stone jar, it answers admirably to fill
with this catsup wide-mouthed glass
bottles; and if ypu have a few pods of
a miuature variety of red pepper, often
procurable, to use instead of the pul
verized Cayenne, it gives the sauce
quite an ornamental appearance. It
is not genarally known that the largest
cucumbers, ripened almost enough
for seed, serve admirably for making
this sort of catsup. If the bottles are
carefully sealed up, there is no danger
whatever of spoiling.
m m m
HYDROPHOBIA. IN FRCIT.
Poisonous Peaches In India A YVon-
uerful Occurrence at JLncKnow.
From the Lucknow Correspondent of the In
dim Dailj News.
Two native gardeners and a little boy
having been suddenly seized with alarm
ing spasms, accompanied by foaming at
the mouth, after eating a quantity of
peaches, the Englishman to whom the
peach orchard belonged forthwith pro
ceeded to analyze the fruit To his hor
row, the juk? wa8 found to contain a
considerable proportion of poisonous
virus, a discovery which naturally led
to a close examination of the tree from
wliicb the fruit had been gathered. After
inspecting the leaves, the branches, even
the bark, with no scientific results, one
of the examining party suggested that
the roots should be uncovered. This be
ing done, the origin of the poison at once
came to light Being anxious to enrich
the soil of the orchard, the gardeners
had buried dead dogs under many of the
trees, including the one on which the
deadly peaches bad grown. Under its
roots lay the carcass of a defunct pariah,
proved by appearances to have died ol
hybrophobia. After this discovery there
could be no doubt about the source from
which the fruit derived its poisonous
qualities. The virus of hydrophobia had
first impregnated the soil, next the sap
of the tree, an J subsequently transmitted
itself to the fruit Yet the poison ap
pears to have Ioet some of its powe in
transit, since it is related that the three
patients "were successfully treated and
A Dutchman heard somewhere that
money doubled itself by compound inter
est every fourteen years, if it was put care
fullyaway and left untouched. The guile
less Hollander at once dug a hole in the
cellar and buried four hundred dollars
packed in a teakeltle.Tliis was fourteen
years ago last Wednesday. On that day
he rose at lour o'clock in the rooming aud
"resurrected" his cash, with the confident
expectation that it had increased to eight
hundred dollars. His disappointment was
great; and whn his friends interview him
about mathematics now, he expresses the
opinion that "dem arithmetics ish all a
A boy at Jlona, Iowa, wa9 struck by
lightning recently, and the back of his
new coat torn entirely out, although do
other iniurv was done until the boy sot
home, when his economical father thrash
ed him for tearing his coat How sharp
er than the lightning's flash it is to have
a particular father.
Z. WAYNE GRIFFIN,
Drugs, Medicines and Chemical,
Fino Toilet Soaps, Fancy Ilatr and Tooth.
Brush en, Perfumery and Fancy Toilot
Articles, Trusses and Shoulder
Pare Wines and Liquors for medical purpose:
raints, Oilt, Varnishes, Dyt'SluJs,
Letter-paper, Pens, Ink, Knvetopes, Glass
rutty, Carbon oil, Lamps ana inimneys.
Physicians' prescriptions accurately com
pounded, sol ly
GEO. KLEIN, " JNO. M. KLEIN
GEO, KLEIN" & BRO;
Dealers in house furnishinggoods, for general
-AjRIZON-A. COOKIjSTG- stove,
Seven sites for either coal or wood. House-keepers are delighted with its superior cooking
and baking. It has no equal anywhere. Call and see for yourself.
J. V. YAGER,
Sale and Livery Stable,
HARTFORD, K V.
I desira to inform the citiiens of Hartford
and vicinity that 1 am prepared to furnish Sad
die and Harness Stock, Buggiesand conveyan
ces of all kinds on the most reasonable terms.
Horses taken to feed or board by the day, week
or month. A liberal share of patronage solici
ted, nol It
It. V. KERIt Y.MAN,
Coats, Pants and Vests cat, made and re
paired in the best style at the lowest prices,
Security and Indemnity.
CAriTAL, $10,000,000 GOLD.
Cash Assets, over $12,000,000 Gold
Cash Assets IK U. S., $1,837,'J34 Gold
Losses paid without discount, refer to 12th con
dition of Company's policy.
BARBEE k CASTLEM AN, General Agents,
BARRETT fc BRO.. Acento.
WJt. HAEDWICI, A. T. XJ.LL.
IIARDU ICK A XALL,
DRY UOOD3. GROCERIES. HATS, CAPS
BOOTS, SHOES, HARDWARE,
Which we will sell low for cash, or exchange
for country produce, paying the highest market
price. nol ly
New Goods! New Goods!
L. ROSENBERG & BRO.
SPRINT I.UI SUMMER
Every department in our stock is full and our
prices are down to the
Lowest 3STotclo. I
We are confident that no other house will do
as well by you as ours. We respectfully so
licit an examination of our
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upon the publio gratitude. The Magazine bas
done good, and not evil, all the days of its
life. Brooklyn Eagle
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REPRESENTATIVE AND CHAMP-.
IO.V Or AMERICAN AST TA8TX
FRoarzcnis tor 1875 nanxa ,
THE ART JOURNAL OF AMERICA,
MAGNIFICANT CONCEPTION WON.
DERFL'LLY CARRIED OUT.
The necessity of a popular medium forth
representation of the productions of our great
artists has always been recognised, and many
attempts have been made to meet the want
The successive failures which bare so Invariably
followed each attempt in this country to estab
lish an art journal, did not prove the indiffte
ence of the people of America to the claims of
high art. So soon as a proper appreciation of
the want and an ability to meet it were (hows,
the public at onee rallied with enthusiasm t
its support, and the result was a rrtat artistla
and commercial triumph THE ALDINZ.
The Aldine while issued with all of the regu
larity, has none of the temporary or inIjr in
terest characteristic of ordinary periodicals.
It is an elegant miscellany of pure, light, and
graceful literature, and a collection of pictures,
the rarest collection of artistic skill. In black
and white. Although each succeeding number
affords a fresh pleasure to its friends, the real
value and beauty oi The Aldine will be molt
appreciated after it is bound up at the dose of
the year. While other publications may claim,
superior cheapness, as compared with rlvala f
a similar class. The Aldine is a unique and
original conception alone and unsppioaebed
absolutely without competition in price or
character. The possessor of a complete vol
ume cannot duplicate the quantity of fine pa
per and engravings In any other shape or num
ber of volumes, for ten li'm itt eottj and tie,
there ie the eXromo, beeideej
The national feature of The Ald'ne must be
taken in no narrow sense. True art is cosmo
politan. While The Aldine is a strictly Amerl
ran institution, it does not confine itself to the
peproduction of native art. Its mission is to
cultivate a broad and appreciative art taste, one
that will discriminate on grounds of intrinsic)
merit. Thus, while pleading before the patron!
of The Aldine, as a leading characteristic, the
productions of the most noted American artiiU,
attention will always be given to specimen
from foreign masters, giving subscriber all the
pleasure and instruction obtainable from home
or foreign sources.
The artistio illustration of American rcenery,
original with The Aldine is an important fea
ture, and. Its magnificent plates are of a site
more appropriate to the satisfactory treatment
of details than can be afforded by any inferior
page. The judicious interspersion of landscape,
marine, figure and animal subjects, sustain an
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PREMIUM FOR 1875.
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LOTJIjSVILI.E WEEK IVY
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A government land warrant for lervioe tea
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ade a specialty. Will shoo atl reuad for ( M