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Damaged AVlimt Tor Seed.
Nothing but absolute necessity would
bail nic to sow damaged wheat. I
would as soon think of raising colts
from heavY.ring-buiicd, spavined, used
up parent. Musty seed will not grow
if the must has come from lieatinir in a
mow or bin. Seed corn is perhaps
more likely to be injured than seed
wheat I once lost a planting of corn
by using seed that had been for a short
time in a bin. It was in good, mer
chantable condition for grinding, and
we had no thought that it had heated
at all, but it did not grow. On one
occasion we had a pile of wheat heat a
very little on the barn floor, which we
had intended for seed. Before sowing
tests were made by placing soil in a
pan, And planting in it a known num-
ler of kernels to test the question of
vitality. A very large percentage
failed to germinate under these very
favorable circumstances. Many year?
ago we had a harvest so wet(rain fell
eleven successive da-., when the wheat
was iu just condition to sprout) that
there was no sound wheat to be had,
nnd we were forced to sow seed that
was "grow." Many farmers made tests
on this sprouted wheat, and it was
found that it had sufficient vitality to
grow, and of necessity it was used for
feed, and did so well that man' per
wms thought that the sprouting in the
field did it no injury. In this they
were probably mistaken, but it was a
point that could not lie determined
with absolute certainty cither way.
Thus we have proved, as wc think,
that mere sprouting of the kernel is not
fatal to the seed, but heatiug to any
considerable extent, cither in the mow
or in piles of threshed grain, is ruinous.
I strongly advise my brethren of the
plow-hanu. never to sow inferior seed
of any kind jrain if they can avoid
fo doing, for ja select the very best
they can wunout much regard to cost.
Seal of wheat should be graded that
U, the small kernels should be in some
way separated from the large nnd per
fect ones, and only the best sown. This
may be done by raising up the front
cud of the fanning null, thus slanting
the s'eves in the direction of the blast
of wind, and feeding the mill slowly,
fuming fast and blowing hard, driving
half or more of the grain over the
sieves, and thus allowing only the
plump, heavy kernels to come forward
of the mill for seed. There arc mills
made expressly to dean wheat, and
to grade it; and several neighbors join
ing in the ownership of such a mill will
briug its considerable cost to a reasona
Wc sum for each. One such mill will
do the work for many farmers; but even
an ordinary mill can be made quite ef
fective by nsing it as I Iiavc suggested.
A'. Y. Tribune.
Use or Full Sown Rye.
If it were generally knwn Unit rye
is one of the most valuable cropi which
canlw produced in any country, it
would find at least a limited place upon
nearly every farm in the country,
when we say crop, wc mean to tike
every part of it, from the tiny roots to
tire straw thatgocs into the thatch upon
the roof. It must lc planted when
there is but little other work to do,
and at a time when, in the preparation
of the ground, all growing weeds are
destroyed before their seeds mature.
The rapid and vigorous growth of the
rye does not leave a place to be occu
pied by the little Weeds, which are
ready at all times to spring up and
choke out most other crops. When
miwii early in September, and followed
with enough rain to give it a start, rye
will produce a large amount of fall pas
ture for stock. Cows love it and
rfouble the profits of the dairy when
transferred from the foare pastures of
autumn to feast upon its rich verdure.
Young stock grow rapidly upon it, and
get into such condition as to be able to
go through the winter in a much better
sliajic than those with Miles less ex
iendcil with fullness of flesh to carry
llieiu through, the pinching times of dry
food. If managed in this way ami
turned under a-j a green crop for corn
iu the spring, rye is a wonderful fertil
izer. Its fine, fibrous roots permeate
the ground in every direction, and
draw down, through the blades, fertili
zing qualities from the atmosphere,
combining such qualities in the soil as
to bring immediate results iu large
crop. It protects and thoroughly dis
integrates the soil, and if plowed up
and put to com Into in May, it will af
ford considerable pasturage early in
i-pring, when it U most needed. If de
sired to produce a crop, the fall pastu
rage, if not too severe, does not ordi
narily hurt it. The Etraw, long and '
Ftraight, is excellent for thatching
roofs, or if cut before too ripe makes
good feed for stock. For hogs, the
grain, if ground and fed in small quan
tities to supplement corn, is excellent.
For a sure crop, without much labor,
nothing surpasses it. When it fails
this is known in time to substitute an
other iu its place, with the probability
that enough marc will !e secured from
he second planting, frtm the bettered
condition of the ground, than to pay
for all the labor incurred. We-itim
Good Word Tor the Grange.
Nothing is more true than that ag
riculture is the nursing mother of all
the arts, nnd nothing is more untrue
than the equally trite saying, "agricul
ture is the most independent of all the
industrial callings." But this last is
only untrue because the farmers, obliv
ious of their own best interests, have
suffered themselves to become, through
t!ie omnipotent powers of combination,
the slaves of political demagogues, and
the victims of capitalists, corporations,
middle-men, nnd traders mere vermin
u.wn the lion's mane of agriculture all
and each of which, collectively and in
dividually, are indebted to the cultiva
tor of the soil for the food which nour
ishes and the raiment which clothes
their foodie.. How common it is for
farmers to neglect their business to en
list body and soul in ignoble party and
local politics ? How many plows are
left to rust in the furrow, while the
team is worn out in galloping' through
the country in the interest of some pet
ty local, non-producing demagogue?
How much money and time is wasted
on local nnd scurrilous political sheets,
to the neglect of the agricultural press?
Happily, if we arc not greatly mista
ken, there is to be an end of all this.
A clond has arisen in the far North
west, which a few months since, was no
larger than a man's hand. The politi
cians, the plundering rings and corpo
rations, were too intent upon corrupt
ing the legislation of the county- to
note the ominous growth of this little
cloud; but it has been steadily grow
ing ever since, until now it casts n shade
over the whole Western horizon, por
tentous of the fate of all political dem
agogues and corruptionists, of whatev
er Luc. That cloud is the farmers'
Grange, whose roof-tree reaches from
Wisconsin in the Northwest to Georgia
in the South. The farmers, after ages
of submission, intend in turn to wield,
in their own interests, the powers of
combination, and to liecome, what of
right they ought to be, the real rulers
of the land. The handwriting is on
the wall the days of monopoly arc
numbered. Turf, Fidd, and Farm.
Care of Co its in Autumn.
An enterprising farmer of Western
New York communicated to us recent
ly his practice in the management of
his cows during theseason when the grass
begins to fail. H e says the great secret
of rearing and feeeding stock success
fully is to keep what you get to save
every pound of flesh and fat that Li
produced. The question lying still
back of this is how shall the fat and
flesh be retained ? What to do and
how to do it is the question. Hitherto I
have always commenced feeding my
cows meal in October, and continued
the regular extra feed through Novem
ber; ai)d we made more butter in one
of those autumn months than in any
other mouth of the grazing season. I
have a cup with flaring sides that holds,
when dipped in and heaped up full,
about two quarts of good Indian corn
and oats, of equal parts, made of the
pure grain. I never "coV my animals
I am down on the cob system of man
agement. With every fifteen bushels
of corn and oats I mingle, before it is
ground, about one bushel of flaxseed.
This improves the quality of the feed
for animals of any kind, as ground flux
seed, when mingled with grain, is far
lictter for milch cows, for horses, for
fattening young sheep, or for young
stock of any kind, than all meal. I
sow a little flaxseed every year for the
express purpose of having the seed to
mingle with the grain that is ground
into meal for my cows and other stock.
I think this is the true way to make
money to save all that is made with
out losing any portion. The little locs
abstract the profits. Sew York
Value of Covered Manure.
At various times wc have pointed
out to our readers the profits resulting
from covering manure, instead of al
lowing it to get soaked hy the rain
or dried by the sun, as is generally
done. We have given this advicefrom
what wc have acfually seen. When
rough sheds have been built to cover
the manure-heaps the crops fertilized
by this pile have been increased in pro
ductiveness sufficient to pay for the
shed-covering the first year. We have
never seen any exact figures of the pro
portionate value of covered manures,
that we remenilicr until the following
which we find by Lord Kincaid, a
Scotch land-owner and farmer. They
present the best statcmcnfpossiblc, wc
think, of the advantage of the plan:
Four acres of good soil was measured
two of them were manured with ordi
nary barnyard manure nnd two with
an equal quantity of manure from the
covered shed. The whole was planted
with potatoes. The products of each
acre were as follows:
Potatoes treated with barnvard ma
One acre produced 272 bushels,
One acre produced 292 bushels.
Potatoes manured from the covered
One acre produced 442 bushels.
One acre produced 471 bushels.
The next year the land was sown
with wheat, when the crop was as fol
Wheat on land treated with barnyard
One acre produced 41 bushels, 18
poun.ls, (of bl pounds per bushel.)
One acre produced 42 bushels, 38
pounds, (ot 01 pounds per bushel.)
Wheat, on land manured from cov
One acre produced 53 bushels, 5
pounds, (of Gl pounds per bushel )
One acre produced 58 bushels, 47
pounds, (of 61 pounds per bushel.)
The stray also yielded one-third more
upon the land fertilized with the ma
nure from covered stalls than upon that
to which the ordinary manure was ap
plied. Rural New Yorker.
Choosing a Berkshire.
Pure Berkshire hogs should be jet
black iu color, with a thick coat of fine
black hair, but choose one with coarse
hair rather than one that is short of
hair. While it is only allowable on
the tips of ears, feet and leg", face and
tail, but not too much white, as they
arc always a black breed and plenty of
hair denotes a good constitution.
There is no.such thing as a white or
spotted Berkshire hog, and the men
who get up such stories to sell mongrel
stock are swindlers and ought to be
sent to prison.
Choose a Berkshire with short prick
curs, and as short a face as possible,
with a broad back, carrying its width
back well over the hams (it is much
easier to find the broad over the shoul
ders than the hams), and by all means
they should Iks deep in the heart place
(from top of back just behind the
shoulder level) and smooth all over, in
fact as near a hewn block as can be.
In comparing the merits of breeding
the various kinds of fine stock, wc in
vite the attention of the reader to the
following facts: Many men who would
willingly give Sl.OOO for a fine cow or
a pair of shcep(and very properly too)
cannot see why a hog should be worth
from S100 toSoOl), which would be the
cost of importing a fine one. From a
mare costing SI, 000 you have a chance
of a foal in a year, but oftencr once in
two years, and after two or three years'
attention and feed, if no accident oc
curs, you may, if fortunate, get from
$500 to Sl.OOO for the colt. The cow
and sheep will produce their stock a
little faster, while a sow old enough to
breed will, in one year's time, with
proper care and at half the expense,
produce from twelve to twenty pigs,
and you need not trust to selling breed
ing stock, for, provided you have a re
spectable farm, the first co3t will be re
paid you many times over iu the saving
of food, extra price for fine pork, etc.,
besides the pleasure you would take in
improving the stock of the country, at
the same time you arc adding to your
own wealth. The loss occasioned in
the United S'ates annually through
feeding common hogs amounts to mil
lions of dollars that might feed thou
sands of people and otherwise enrich
the community. American Sirinc and
Why Small Farmers arc Pros
perous. Wc have often had occasion to call
attention to the fact that those we arc
accostome 1 to call "small farmers" arc
generally the most prosperous farmers
in the South. They arc not so because
small farms and very limited opera
tions arc, in themselves, best, but be
cause these farmers are working in
harmony with their circumstance?.
They have accepted the situation, and
put their own hands to the plow.
Having small capital, and often very
limited knowledge and skill, they go
safely, as they see the way clear before
them. The large planter, on the con
trary often without any capital at all
of his own, attempts on borrowing
inoncy(at fearfully high rates of intcr
est)to conduct large operations, without
closely counting the cost or risks, and
fails, as any sound-minded man not
infatuated with cotton,wonld see that
he mrst. This docs not prove that
small farms aud small fanning are nec
essarily most profitable, but that our
operations, loth us to method and to
extent, must corespoud with our cap
ital and other circumstances. Rural
A Care ("or Rlind KtncRcrs.
Mr. Jno. B. McEIroy, living near
Sunny Side, Ark., sends us the follow
ing cure for Blind Staggers, which he
says never fails to succeed;
"Takc one ounce ofsulp.quiniucand
dissolve it with a tablespoonful of whis
ky, and enough hot or cold water to
take it up quickly. Then add a half
pint of water and drench the horse,
using n long-necked bottle nnd being
sure to get it all down the horse Then
mix any kind of pepper with vinegar,
so that the mixture is very strong, and
with a common small syringe throw a
charge up each nostril, as high as pos'
sible. The horse will go to his stable
iu twelve hours after taking the quin
ine and neigh for his food. It may not
be amiss to keep up the vinegar and
pepper for a day or two, to fully .open
the nostrils. I have cured two horses
in this way during the last week alone.
I am anxious that this cure should he
wide-spread, as it will be f great ad
vantage to all lovers of horses."
Go to Furminc.
A good living is what comparative
ly few men succeed in making in vil
lage or city life, and yet nothing is
more easy of accomplishment on the
farm. Besides, tliers is a pleasure in
cultivating and embellishing the earth,
improving and increasing its products,
and thus adding to the aggregate of
human happiness. Why, then, should
young men hesitate to be farmers? It
is both profitable ami honorable. It is
the natural approximation to independ
encc that man, as a member of society,
can make. A gentleman farmer and
all farmers are, or should bc,gcntlemen
belongs to an order of nobility that
is not indebted to placeholders for its
installation, and may, if he chooses, be
ranked among tho greatest benefactors
of the human race. Let all idle young
men go to work on fiirms, and quit
scckui, third and fourth rate clerkships
In short go to farming and quit beg
Sweet OH as a Itemed? lor Poison,
A plain farmer writes: "It is now
over twenty years since I heard that
sweet oil would cure the bite of a rat
tlesnake, not knowing that it would
cure any other kind of poison. Prac
tice and experience have taught me
that it will cure poisons of any kind,
both on man or beast The patient
must take a spoonful of it internally
and bathe the wound for a cure. To
cure a horse it takes eight times as
much as for a man. One of the most
extreme cases of snake bites occurred
eleven years ago. It had been thirty
days standing, and the patient had been
given up by physicians. I gave him
a spoonful of the oil, which affected a
cure. It will cure bloat iu cattle caused
by ftesh clover. It will cure the sting
ot bees, spiders or any other insects,
and persons who have been poisoned by
a low, running vine called ivy." Col.
.timet and Hungarian.
The growth of Millet and Hungari
an grasses has long held an important
place in farming, and where objects is
simply the production of hay, these an
nual grasses possess a great value. But
when we consider all the objects of the
grasses the growth of the Millet is the
merest temporizing. I question much
if when perennial grasses can be grown
a farmer can afford to plow and seed
annually for a crop of hay alone. The
whole argument is briefly summed up
thus: Millet requires an annual plow
ing and settling; it returns nothing to
the soil, but rather the reverse; it noto
riously exhausts the land; it is not a
pasture grass. For all these reasons
Millet and Hungarian can never take
the place of clovers aud perennia
But few people arc aware that they
do wagons and carriage more injury
by greasing too plentifully than in any-
other way. A well made wheel en
dures common wear from ten to twelve
years, if care is taken to use the right
kind, aud proper amount of grease but,
if this matter is not attended to, thcy
will be used up in five or six years,
Lard should never be used on a wagon
for it will penetrate the hub and work
its way out around the tenons of the
spokes, and spoil the wheel. Tallow
is the best lubricator for wooden axle
trees, and castor oil for iron.
Just grease enough should be applied
to tho spindle of the wagon to give it
a light coating; 'his is better than more,
for surplus will all work out on the
ends, and be forced by the Jshouldcr
bands and nut washers into tho hub
around the outside of the boxes.
To oil an iron axle-tree, first wipe
the spindle clean with a cloth with
spirits of turpentine, and then apply a
few drops of castor oil near the shoul
der and cud. One teaspoonful is suf
ficient for the whole. Rural American.
GEO. KLEIN, JNO. M. KLEIN
GrEO, KLEIN" & BRO.
Dealers in houaefurnliihinggooJs, for general
DanU, 1110 ceieoraieu
-A.:RIZ0N"A. COOKHSTGr STOVJE,
Seven sizes for either coal or wood.
and baking. It ha m equal anywhere, call an see lor jourseu.
Farmers grow poor because they
impoverish their lands; because they
pay as much for working poor lane
as for rich, and the price for labor is
out of all proportion with tho yield.
It costs no more to cultivate an acre
that will yield ten barrels of com than
one which will yield only two barrels.
If tho cost of labor per acre be five
dollars, the C03t of producing a barre
on the rich land will be fifty cents,
whilst the barrel on the poor land
will cost just two dollars. No mat
ter what may be grown upon the
land, this ratio, is maintained, and
no matter what economy may be
practiced in other respects, the farm
er who pays for cultivating poor
hnd must grow poorer every year.
'-'Father," replied a Cairo girl, with
tenrs in her eyes, "you may jaw and jaw,
ami howl ami rip and tear, but I'll mar
ry John Stuart if I die for it!" And the
old man leaned back and realized that he
might as well try to puil a locomotive up
The greatest ol all earthly blessings is
to be able to lean your heart against an
other heart, faithful, tender, true and
tried, nnd record, with a thankfulness
that years deepen, instead of diminish
inj, "I have got n friend."
J. F. YAGKK.
Sale and Livery Stable,
I desira to inform tho citizens of Hartford
and vicinity thai 1 am prupared to furnish Sad
dloand Harness Stock, lluggies.ind conveyan
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Horses taken to feed or board by the day, week
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politan. While The Aldina is a strietly Amerl
ran institution, it does not confine itself to the
peproductien of native art. Its mission is tn
cultivate a broad and appreciative art taste, on
that will discriminate on grounds of intriosia
merit. Thus, while plesdingbefore the patrons
of The Aldine, as a leading characteristic, tha
produe'ions of tha most noted American artists,
attention will always be given to specimens
from foreign masters, giving subscribers all tha
pleasure and instruction obtainable from home
or foreign sources.
The artistic Illustration or American rcecery,
original with The Aldine is an important fea
ture, and its magnificent plates are of a sita
more appropriate to the satisfactory treatment
ofdetails than can be afforded by any inferior
page. The judicious interspersion of landscape,
marine, figure and animal subjects, sustain an
unabated interest, impossible where tae scope
of the work confines tha artist too closely to a
single style or subject. The literature of Tb
Aldine is a light and graceful accompaniment,
worthy of the artistic features, with only so eh
teehnieal disqutriiions as do not interfere with
the popular Interest of the work.
PREMIUM FOR 1875.
J?very subseiber for 1S7S will receive a beau
tiful portrait, in oil eo'ors, of the same nobis
dog whose picture in a former Issue attracted s
"Man's Uiuetjuh Frientt'
will be welcome to every home. Everybody
loves sueh a dog, and the portrait Is executed
so true to the life, that it seems iba veritable
presence of the animal itself. The Rev. T. Da
Witt Talmage tells that his own Newfoundland
dog (the finest in Brooklyn) barks at it. Al
though so natural, no ono who sees this pre
mium chroiuo will have the slightest fear of
Besides the ehromo every advance subscriber
to The Aldine for 1875 is constituted a member
and entitled to the privileges of
THE ALDINE ART UNION.
Tha Union owns the originals of all The Al
dine pictures, which with ether paintings and
engravings, are to be distributed among tha
members. To every series ofi.OOO subscribers
100 different pietes, valued at over $1,500, ara
distributed as soon as the series is full, and tha
awards of each series aa made, are to be pub
lished in tha next sneeeding issue of Tha Al
dine. This feature only applies to subscribers
who pay for one year in advance. Full partic
ulars in circular sent on application inducing a
One Subscription, entitling to The Aldint ona
year, the Chroma, and tha
Sir Dollars per annum, In Advance.
(No charge fur postage.)
Specimen copies of The Aldine, 50 cents
The Aldina will hereafter be obtainable only
by subscription. There will be no reduced vr
club rates; cash for subscriptions must be sent
the publishers direct or handed to the local
canvasser, withont responsibility to the pub
lisher, except in eases where the certificate is
given, bearing lha fac simile signature of Jaa.
Any persiflr wishing to act permanently is
local canvasser, will receive full and prompt ia
formation by applying to
THE ALDINE COMPANY,
S3 Maiden-Lane, New York.
All kinds of Black smithing done in good
style and at the lowest price for cash only.
idea specialty. Will shoe all round for $ t .25
1875 AGAIN ! 1875
Continues for the present year its liberal ar.
rangeraent, whereby, on On 31st of December,
1875, it will distribute impartially among Its
in presents, comprising greenbacks and nearly
one thousand usefnl and beaatlfal articles.
The Courier-Journal is a long-establishes!
live, wide-awake, progressive, newsy, bright
and spicy paper.
No other paper offers sueh inducements t
subscribers and club agents. Circulars with
full particulars and specimen copies sent frtw
Terms, $2 00 a year and liberal offers to clubs.
Daily edition $12. Postage prepaid on all
papers without extra charge. Address
' W. N, HALDEMAN,
Prtsldent Courier-Journal Company
B. P. BERRYJIilX,
Coats, Pants and Vests cut, made and rt
paired in thebeststyle at the lowest prices.