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THE HARTFORD HERALD
rlLET OUT DE.:0I1
i Ancient. Had. Cruel Methods of
( Relieving Headaches. ,
People of Today Would Bo Apt to
, Consider tho Rewiedy Woroo
.Than tho Disesss.
"Headache are bothersome tiling,"
writes Prof. Roy L. MooUle of the
University of Illinois In the Scientific
Monthly. "People have beeo annoyed
by them or a long time, seven thou
sand years at least, and probably
longer. We are all quite willing, when
afflicted with a headache, to agree wltb
the people of the Stone age that a
headache la a demon, and we would
be willing to do almost anything to get
rid of It x
"The pnln, whether due to a blow
on the head, Indigestion, nervousness
or other cause, certainly reminds one
of a demon, and It Is readily understood
bow ancient man should have con
ceived the Idea of releasing this demon
which waa bothering him. He devised
a remedy which certainly wns an ef
fective cure for headache, whether the
pain - was due to eye-strain, brain
tumor, skull friction or nervousness,
I although It must be admitted that hla
cure was worse than the pain.
"Primitive man devised his curative
n.etisures as phase. of his religious
briefs, hence the cure adopted for
headaches was performed by a shaman
or medicine man lu some remote fast
ness of his' region, and here the pa
tient remained until completely recov
ered. This treatment consisted lu open
ing the skull In a variety of ways to
relieve the pain, or, as the Stone age
men thought, to let out the demon.
"This ancient surgical art, ' which
forms the very beginnings of prehis
toric surgery, seems to have been de
veloped In the region Just north of
Paris, near the Seine and Olse rivers,
some seven Or eight thousand years
ago. In the dolmens, or burial mounds,
scientists have found the ancient skulls
trepanned or opened to release the
headache demon. No special class of
Individuals seems to have been fav
ored., since the operation was per
formed on man, woman or child, ap
parently without respect for either ace
or sex. Its frequency Is attested by
the great number of skulls exhibiting
the surgical openings. In one burial
mound in France yielding the bones of
120 Individuals more than forty showed
the effects of trepa miction.
"It Is not very pleasant to picture
the torture undergone by the ancient
sufferer at the hands of the priest,
who either cut, scraped or bored the
bone of the skull away with a sharp
piece of Stone. Some relief from pain
may have been had by the application
of a quid of cocoa, a plant yielding
anesthetic substances which grows In
"But the worst thing about head
aches Is that they recur, so the an
cient people, not deterred by one fall
vre, submitted themselves to the op
eration again and again. A few an
cient skulls reveal five cruel openings,
all of which had healed. The patient
bad survived them all.
"Tbe equipment of the primitive sur
geon was meager. His knowledge of
cleanliness was not keen. If be pos
sessed a rougb flint knife, a scraper,
a few leaves .of cocoa plant and a
piece of coarse cloth to bind the
' wound, be was content A mossy
; bank out Id the woods served him for
n operating table." " '
Dickens and Thackeray.
Gilbert K. Chesterton, who Is a great
admirer of Dickens, has this to say of
"Now, the Interesting thing Is this:
That Dickens, whom so many consldr
ered to be .a vulgar ' enthusiast, saw
tbe comfng change In our society much
more soberly and aclentifically than
did bis better educated and more pre
tentious contemporaries. . . . There
la do trace In Thackeray of the slight
est consciousness that progress could
ever change lu direction. There la In
Dickens. The whole of "Bard Times"
a the expression of Just such a realizo
tlon. It Is not true to say that Dick
ens waa Socialist, but It Is not ab
surd to say so. And It would be simply
absurd to say It of any of the great
Individualist novelists of the Vlctorlar
time: He felt the society changing;
and Thackeray never did . . . Now,
for this reason Dickens must defloyely
be ' considered In tbe light of the
changes which bis soul foresaw.
Thackeray has become classical ; but
Dickens has dose more ; be has re
Treatment for Hip Disease..
. Hip Joint disease In children has
beeo looked upon as almost always
due to tuberculosis of the bones of the
Joint: -But Dr. Halfdan Sundt, who Is
nodical superintendent of Fredrlks
vern Coast hospital In Norway, has
recently published a pauiuhlet la
which be asserts that 43.4 per cent of
such cases are not tuberculosis st all.
Immobilisation for a long period has
been the standard treatment, but Dr.
Sundt divided his cases Into groups,
one of which be allowed to run about
freely with no treatment and be
found after three years' observation
that the Onnl results .were Just as
good lu those as In the other cases,
' . ' Serious Matter.
"How did you like my film pltyT
..' "Oond comedy." said ths profe
sional humorist. .. "Good, work.
"Bst you didn't laugh." '
' "A brother artisan sever laughs at
good work." Loulsvllls Courier-Jon
CARRIES MONEY IN BARROW
Employee ef Treasury Department
nas baneo w miens sf Dollars
' During His Long Service. ,
In the redemption division of the
united States treasury there Is a
Wheelbarrow which, though appar
ently only an ordinary wheelbarrow
of the ordintry barnyard type, Is Id
reality probably the most remarkable
wheelbarrow in the world. '
This harrow came to tbe deport
ment in the administration of An
dre Jackson and during the 64 years
which have elapsed since then has
transported many billions of dollars'
worth of Doner enrrenrv.
For the greater part of that 64 years
It has been chaufTercd by James D,
Rowe, eighty-year-old veteran em
ployee of the department who during
63 of his 54 years of service there has
ftorked In the redemption division.
That mutilated or badly soiled piece
of paper money which you, exchange
at the bank for a crisp new bill doubt
less is some day due for a Joyrlde on
Mr. Rowe's famous barrow. Such cur
rency, recalled from circulation, Is
sembled by national Minks and nub-
treasuries throughout he country oii'l
snippea to tne redemption division ot
the treasury at Washington "Lit- '
Is stored In vaults In the tiyseinciit c;
After being counted the nxiiil't
scarred buuknote Is perforated win:
two holes at each end to Insure cancel
lation. The bill Is then cut lu two. the
halves going to different oUtrcs of the
department. At ench a count Ik iiihiIi
as a means of checking with the ui:g
inal figures of the treasury.
Tbe bureau of engraving and print
ing utilizes the discarded certlhVntw
by reducing the halved bills to pulp,
which Is sold to paper manufacturer!
and used for making high grnile writ
Ing papers. Thus, In these Unyr. of
speedy evolution in domestic relation
It Is not Impossible that the $50 bin
with which you paid the installment
on that diamond ring In 1011) may re
turn to you In 1021 In the form of u
nicely typewritten decree of divorce.
Mr. Rowe will be eighty years old
October 17, 1020, and has. served under
a score of secretaries of the treasury,
in addition to his skill In mnnlpulutltiK
the remarkable wheelbarrow, Mr.
Rowe Id bis younger days was re
Downed as the champion rapid-tire si'
ver dollar counter of the treasury. On
one notable occasion, according to de
partment traditions, he counted ami
piled within, a period of 24 hours Ihi
tons of stiver dollars, consisting of 3.
000 bags, each weighing 00 pounds.
VIKING SHIP TOMB OF QUEEN
Vessel of Great Historic Interest on
Exhibition In Museum at Chris
tiana, Norway. .
The discovery of a new Norwegian
Viking ship south of AaUsund. Nor
way, disclosing many things concern
ing ancient civilization and northern
antiquities, recalls to a reader of the
New York Times tbe finding of the
"Oseberg ship," discovered at Ose
berg. near Tonsberg, Norway, In 1903.
This ship Is the finest and best-preserved
of the Viking ships, sod Is on.
display at tbe University of Chris
tlanla. It is more than 100 feet long
and 164 feet wide. It dates from tbe
early part of the ninth century.- The
prow and stern are beautifully carved,
and the vessel contains a vastness of
priceless furniture and other antiqul
ties, a loom with a tapestry of small
pictures, sledges wltb luxurious orna
ments. Implements of various kinds
sod a carriage whicb Is a work of art
Bat most Interesting of all, the
Oseberg ship bas served the strange
purpose of a sarcophagus for s Vik
ing queen, wbo lived snd died 20(1
years before William the Norman con
quered England. Skeletons of two
women were found Id the ship, and
scientific Investigation points to the
probability that tbe remains belong
to a queen and ber maid entombed
Reflections en a Street Car
A I see a tall, handsome man,
broad shouldered and erect,' push his
way through the'erowd, I tWnk how
many successful careers depend on
looks. See bow the crowd parts to
let him pass. Hla appearance carries
hint triumphantly through life with
little effort on bis part What chance
li there for the little weatened figure
wltb sallow face and crooked shoul
ders? His part Is to step aside snd
take the piece that's leftFrom the
Summer Session Kansas. ' '
Pumping Air Into the Brain.
Tbs brain, as you know, is the most
delicate part of tbs human body. Phy
sicians hesitste to temper with It
Recently a doctor at Johns Hopkins
hospital discovered a process by which
purified sir may be pumped Into the
brain. Tbls makes It possible to lo
cate exactly tbe position ef tumors,
snd to remove them. A brain tumor
Ciuelly causes slther Idiocy or death.
Popular Science Monthly.
The Neighbor Found Out
A young woman was out In tbs front
yard wltb so oil can "oiling" the dan
delions so that they would meet wltb
an early death. A . neighbor cams
along and asked ber what aha was do
ing. She nonchalantly replied that she
wss "oiling tbs truss so tbs laws
mower would rua easier." Exchssgs,
"Do you think Gladys was surprised
when I proposed to berrjoqulrsd the
boppy youth. ;
"About as surprised," answered MJss
Cayenne, "ss a candidate wbo bas re
ceived formal notification that be bas
Oil HOLY GROUND
Mohammedans Venerate Sanc
tuary in Jerusalem.
Traditions ef Ages snd Profound Mys
tery Surrounding the Famous
Dome of Rock.
The Mohammedan sanctuary Id
Jerusalem on the Mount of Abraham's
and David's sacrifices echoes the
splendor of Solomon's temple that
once stood In that locality, writes J. F.
.Scheltma in Asia Magazine. With Its
latticed screens of eboy, Us brocaded
curtains, Its stained glass and mosaics
In tbelr somewhat faded glory, the
dome of the rock stands In the soli
tude of the sacred precinct like one
of those places hewn of a single opal
or turquoise we read of In oriental
Approaching It the Moslem pilgrim
has to observe a strict ceremonial. As
he enters he puts his right foot for
ward, begging pardon for his sins and
Invoking God's mercy. Walking round
the rock, he must keep it on his right
band, reversing the process followed
when making the circuit of the Kaaba
at Mecca. Before proceeding tq the
cave underneath, be must probe his
heart and strive for humility of spirit
uttering the prayer of Solomon! "Oh
God, forgive those who have sinned
and relieve the Injured I"
He firmly believes that the rock Is
supported by a palm tree rooted In
one of the fair rivers of paradise, the
tree In the shade of which the beau
tiful, martyred Asia, wife of Pharaoh,
and MIrlns, the sister of Moses, will
slake the thirst of the Faithful on tbe
day of resurrection. '
After paying his respects to the
dome of the rock, to Its "tongue" (a
broken column, slanting to the roof
of the cave), to the marks of the An
gel Gabriel's fingers and to the sword of
Alt, Mahomet's valiant son-in-law, he
visits the other shrines of the Hly
Enclosure. There, In the heart of
Jerusalem, are the dome of the as
cent, where the prophet was lifted up
when .starting on his heavenly jour
ney, and the dome of the chain. The
chain that used to hang down from
Its ceiling was supposed to bo pos
sessed of miraculous properties. When
ever a Judge had to decide In a
difficult case between litigants who
supported their conflicting claims by
contradictory statements, ' he trans
ferred his tribunal hither and. Invited
them to touch the links of the chain
while repeating their assertions. Then
the truth came to light for the chain
could easily be seized by the vera
cious, but eluded the grasp of the In
iquitous iwhn tried by falsehood to get
the best of his opponent.
One day, however, the oracle was
baffled by a man accused of having
borrowed ' money withbut paying It
back. Now, he kept this money coo
cealed In a hollow staff which be
asked the plaintiff to hold for him
while be. too. srlDDed the chain swear
Ing that die sum he owed bad been
returned. The bystanders marveled
greatly at the chain's failure to nor
ravel the mystery of such clashing tes
timony, and soon afterward the won
der-worklng chain disappeared be
cause,' tradition says, It began to
despair of sustaining its reputation for
perspicacity among a population so
full of fraudulent resources.
Gems Are Cheap In Tlflis.
If you want to buy a quart of dia
monds for a dollar or two, go to Tlflis.
Tifils Is the capital of Georgia, one
of tbe new republics that have risen In
the Caucasus on the ruins of the Rus
sian empire. Tbe value of the
Georgian ruble Is worth hardly any
thing at all. But the dollar bus such
abnormal purchasing power In this
nation of lost values that It seems less
like money than magic. You can get
fine dinner at Tlflis for ten cents,
and room rent In the best' hotel for
$1 a month.
The Bolshevik! have mined Georgia.
They have killed industry and trade
and consequently the value of the na
tive ruble. Tbe swarms of refugees
from Russia have sold their most pre
cious possessions to Tlflis merchants
for food and clothing, until tlie stores
of the city, bsve become stocked wltb
diamonds and pearls and all kinds of
precious things which were puld for
perhaps wltb a plate ef beans or s
pair of socks. New ,York Evening
One Interview In 110 Years.
Tbe Dalai Lama of Lhasa In Tibet
has Just given an interview to an elec
trical engineer. Tbls la the first time
that a Lama has talked wltb a Euro
pean In 110 years, Lhasa Is on a pis
tea u, 11,000 feet high, wblcb Is per
haps desirable ss sanitation Is non
existent Tibet seems to want tele
graphic communication wltb the out
side world and there are faint signs
of an industrial awakening. Mr. Fulc-
ley, a telegraph . engineer, hsd an au
dience with "His Holiness," wbo
proved to be kindly snd very Inquisi
tive. He also visited 'the Tibetan
council called the "Council of Shapes."
A twenty-four course luncheon fol
lowed. Scientific American. ' .
" Grapefruit Has Rival.
Experimental' scientists In tbs De
partment of Agriculture have success
fully produced the tsngelo, a cross be
tween the tangerine and the grape
fruit It Is said to be more tender
than either, snd to have sll tbe Juicy
excellence of the grapefruit without
tbs tendency to fly Into the face of j
the spoon utoipuiator noted when tbe
grapefruit Is being eaten.
Illinois Central System Makes an Appeal
to Shippers and Consignees
The amount paid out by the railroads on account of loss and damage to freight represents am
economic waste burdensome alike to the raltroadsand the public. That this waste Is substantial
Is shown by the following record of the loss and damage payments made by Class I roads:
The Illinois Central System has borne its share of theeconorh!c waste on account of loss , .n
damage to freight, as will be seen by examining these figures:
191 $ 655,293
1918 f 1,653,706
1919 , 2,298,250
The foregoing figures show how the problem of loss and damage to freight has got out of
hand. The Illinois Central System, In common with other railroads, is making a determined ef
fort to reduce this drain upon its revenues. In this we need the painstaking co-opratiori of' ship
pers and consignees. We. therefore, earnestly revest that all shippers and receivers of freight co
operate with us to make this movement a success.
During May, 1921, 68 per cent of the amount paid out for loss and damage to freight ontbc
Illinois Central System was on carload shipments. We repuest carload shippers to Insist upon be
ing provided with cars suitable for the particular kind of freight they desire to ship and to seo that
shipments are properly braced and stowed !n cars to prevent damage by shifting.
We request shippers of less-than-carload freljht to comply with the rules and specifications of
'the Consolidated 'classification Committee appoint-d by the Interstate Commerce Commission by se
lecting substantial container. In which to pack thoir goods for shipment, so that packages may net.
be crushed and contents damaged when loaded into cars with other freight. We repuest them ta
mark their packages plainly as to name of consignee and destination, removing all old marks that
may appear on packages, and to furnish legible billing orders so that billing may indicate clearly tbe
name of consignee and destination. We also request them to deliver their goods at freight dep.r
eatly in tho day to avoid hurried loading and billing.
The president of a large wholesale house on the linos of the Illinois Central System was told by
one of our agents that packages were being sent back to his house on account of improper jirkiE
and addressing. He expressed great surprise and immediately called his shipping clerk to ask' rnm re
the presence of our agent, how many packages were being returned from the Illinois Central Systew
daily. The shipping clerk replied: "I cannot tell yo- exactly, but a good many," As a result at
this interview, the necessary corrective measures were Immediately applied.
We request receivers of freight to observe the character of containers used by shippers and th
manner in which goods are packed, crated and marked, particularly when goods are not received i
goodorder, and to make those facts known to the.hir.pers, appealing to them to use good containers
on the ground that defective goods and delayed transportation service causes them a loss of trada We
also request receivers of freight to notify our reparatives promptly of any concealed loss or dam
age to their shipments, in order that immediate Investigation may be made. Some receivers ol
freight neglect to do this for days and even weeks, after shipments have been received, renderis
it difficult for the proper inspection and investigation to be made. This militates against good ser
vice. Our purposo in presenting this problem to our patrons is to enable us to render a better service,
by eliminating delay in the delivery of freight In good condition, and to assist In reducing the cost
of transportation. By no means do we claim that all of the trouble is due to lack of care on
part of shippers and consignees. We are doing everything within our power to correct abuses fir
which we are responsible. We are putting fourth our best efforts to render a service of satisfaction. By
working closely with the shippers and receivers of freight, we believe it possible to bring the trouble
some question of loss and damage under controll, to the great advantage of shippers and receivers as
freight, as well as to this railroad. I
Constructive criticism and suggestions are invited.
C. H. MARK HAM,
I . . . President, Illinois tVntral Systea.
WITHOUT NAILS OR RIVETS
New Scientific Method of Shipbuilding
- 8een In Construction of Vessel
, Cas yon Imagine a ship without a
nail or rivet la all its hullf Do you
recollect tbe visit to tbe shipyards snd
tbe army of men nailing huge timbers
to the skeleton frame of a shlpt And,
over In tbe next yard, tbe swarm of
men hammering tbs white bot rivets
In the great- plates- of a battle ship?
One's Imagination Is stretched consid
erably to conjure a method by whicb
all these workmen may have their
toil reduced or eliminated. Yet this
Is toduy's development Id the sclencs
of shipbuilding. Tbe steamship Pulls
gar has Just slid down tbe Liverpool
ways without a null or a rivet In Its
bull. Prom stein to- stern tbe plates
Sre electrically welded. The Pullagar
la an oil driven cargo steamer of 80Q
tons. She Is now undergoing final
tests. Experts declare that she will
not only stand all the' testa required,
but her success as an ocean carrier,
will revolutionise shipping. We may
now calculate what a boon the elec
trical welding process will be if great
armies of men have to be transported
on the "bridge across tbe seas." Not
only does this method release man
power for other tasks, but It enables
shipyards to turn out mighty steel
ships within a short space of time.
. ., Filial Love. .
The family had company for din
ner, sod the father of the bouse wst
telling for bis guest stories of bis boy
hood. Among them were feats of his
marvelous eating ability. "No wonder,
when mother was sucb a wonderful
cook," he smacked his lips In remem
brance of her dishes, "She could
make pies that were dreams, and
strawberry shortcake! After eating
one of mother's tmrtrakea a fellow
thought all others very ordinary, la
deed." . ,
Little John looked across at the
gin dish ef strawberries. Then he
piped out In bis clear little treble:
"Ob. dad, don't yon Jual but Ihst I
ran talk Just that nice about mother
ten J grow. SiJ"
Iron In Cool Comfort!
Solid Brass, Iron snd Steel
construction. . Fully guar
anteed. Over 1,000,000
DOW in U86( , '
. Our representative will be glad to show you how simply tMs
Iron operates also .tell you how little it costs, if you wi
drop a card or 'phone.
THE MONITOR SAD IRON CO.
H; D. ESTKS, General
CUT THIS OTJT
SEND IT WITH CHECK, MONEY ORDER OR CASH TO PAY FOB
THB RENEWAL OF YOC'R Sl'BSCKUTION
Hartford Herald Pub. Co.,
Hartford, Ky. .
Qentlemeo: " "'"
Enclosed find f . . . , to renew my subscription to Tfca
Hartford Herald years from date of expiration.
, , '. '. ,Very truly yours,
V Address..'..'' .... ,
Change Ironing Day,
Drudgery to ploasuro by Be
MONITOR SAD IRO!
It will save you walkiac
to and fro from ttov t
ironing board, ' changing;
irons, shirting handres an
keeping up a raging bag
fire. It will cut down your
fuel bills and do BETTKJs
WORK in LESS TIME wOk ,
LESS EFFORT. The bct
Is regulated Instantly cotrs '
less than two cents to do asa i
Agent, ' Hartford, Kj. f