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TUX HARTFORD HZRALO
trORMATION FROM THK EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICTJIi.
TCRAL PAPERS AND THH COUNTY AGENTS OFFICH
County Culls FaB To Iayi
Twenty-one hens removed from
flaw Hock of C. n. Oglesby, Boxvllle,
Wkm County, In ft demonstration
emdacted by County Agent A. M.
JUHea and specialists from the Col
lage of Agriculture, failed to pro-
i an pkk during the week follow-
; their removal, according to a re-
Just made on the domonstra-
snwa. The week before the demon
sftntMio the entire flock of BO White
fXyaadotte hens produced 61 eggs
White the week following, the 29
Aat were retained as layers produc
ed a total of 58 eggs. Hens that
Save stopped laying to loaf until
mpriux make it possible for flielr
vwn to distinguish them by their
arty moulting, according to the
BHnittry. specialists who arc conduct
ing the demonstrations to show
motiry raisers what points to look
Cm- in culling the flock.
rsr Hrrulnr (lilt On Applvd
A new clrculnr prepared by Harri
son flnrman, entomologist at the
Kanlurky Agricultural Experiment
Sfalinn and dealing with a descrip
tion of a bud worm reported to
hn infested npplo trees In Ohio
asntaTy fs ready for distribution to
ialerextAd farmers of tho State. The
ansri has been known to attack ap
He nnd other fruit trees hut has
and Immmi given attention in tho pub
lished accounts of fruit insects as a
tnd eater, according to Mr. Carman.
Its bijarics of this nature appear to
In snore serious than those it docs
aler lo the leaves but havo appar
mmUy been largely Overlooked. The
wrrrutar which Is No. 25 may be ob
tained free from the station at I,"X-aaetoa.
husk. la the second place it per
mits the selection of seed ears from
plants most free from disease. Re
cent investigations have shown that
' corn diseases, especially root rot,
takes a tremendous toll and that
field selection Is one way to get
seed most free from disease. 'The
corn selected should be from stalks
that mature normally or that are
still alive when the corn ripens.
One evidence of disease Is prema
ture dying of the stalk With the re
sult that rough, chaffy ears are pro
duced. Selection, important as it is, how
ever, is only one-half the Job. Dry
ing the corn promptly is even more
important for seed selected with the
greatest care may give unsatisfac
tory results if given improper care.
Drying the ears by hanging them in
a well-ventilated barn where mice
cannot get to them Is usually the
most satisfactory on th'e average
farm where there are few mouse
mouth Rock ' hens composing the
flock of J. C. Greer, Lucas, was third
en the list Vith a record of 18.1
The remaining flock's among the
ten highest producing ones together
with their ownere and average pro
duction were as follows:
1 Fifty-eight White Leghorns, Ja
'cob Kllngenfus, Jeffersontown, 14.1
'eggs; 80 White Wyandottes, Mrs. J.
T. Wilson, Corydon, 14.4 eggs; 186
White Leghorns, Mrs. S. J. Howard.
Henderson, 18-.5 eggs; 31 White
Plymouth Rocks, Mrs. F. D. Staple
ford, Buckner, 13.8 eggs; 56 White
"Wyandottes, Mrs. J. A. Kern, Jeffer
sontown, 13.1 eggs; 268 White Leg
horns, Mrs. Charles Brentlinger,
Buechel, 12.8 eggs; 54 Barred Ply
mouth Rocks, Mrs. Lewis Lebus,
Cynthiana, 11.1 eggs.
MUS Oli 1 1 umi I'ji liners Sec Culling
Jure than 1.15 Oldham county
farmers were recently shown the
snnper method of culling their poul
try flecks by attending eight demon
sTmtioDS held by County Agent Gor
tm 11. Nance in co-operation with
(tie extension division of the College
aff Agriculture. The attendance at
Che various demonstrations which
were held in different communities
T I tie. county ranged from seven to
SS poultry raisers and averaged
jAeul Id. As a result of llio tilling
arerh a number of farmers and poul-lryut-n
in the county are expected
to rati their flocks to eliminate the
kens that have stopped laying, i
IWii Select (Ml Seed Yi. ldw More
rV-tcticiilly all experiment sta
tios in corn-growing states as well
as scores or farmers in every state
' shown by actual tests that
etd si l'cted corn given propor care
TIt Catherine gives highly proflta
We increases in yield over ordinary
crfb-n-tected seed, according to E. '
J. Kimi'-y, crops Kpecialist at the
Kentucky Agricultural Experiment 1
Six'. Inn. The increased yields due!
x acTl-ctcd seed vary from year to
fxtr. Iiciiig greatest when the or
dinary crop is lnle 111 maturing and
smJivI to hard freezing before
(hnrnui;lily dry." As lias been point
ed eut, the germination of corn con
taining a largo percentage of mois
ture may be partially or even en-J
(tiiVty destroyed by hard freezing,
ffrco when the germination Is ap
awrcntly gund a liirga percentage of
Mm plants may bo weak and subject
ft SiiM'ct and disease attacks. Corn
g?hrii(f parly from healthy, vigor
ous sfnlks and stored so that it may
ry quickly gives seed that germl
amT.es promptly mid produces strong,
heathy plants, the specialist said.
Field selection is better than selec-
suio at husking time for several rea
muds. Iii tho first place it permits
fat farmer to select a typo of plant
that most nearly meets the ideal of
(ha corn which he Is growing as re
Sards the siso of stalk, position Of
(he ear on the stalk and the type of
Farm and Home News From Over
Following good results obtained
in other years, P. B. and R. 8. Aus
tin, Webster County farmers, are
planning to fatten their hogs for the
iparket by hogging down corn and
soybeans this fall. The work will
be conducted as a demonstration by
the two farmers who are co-operating
with County Agent Lloyd E.
Seven boys are now candidates
for the team to represent McCrack
en County in the Junior livestock
Judging contest to be held at the
State Fair, September 14, under the
direction of the College of Agricul
ture, according to a report of Coun
ty Agent J. R. Bird.
Purebred animals are replacing
scrub stock on many Graves County
farms, according to a report of
County Agent B. H. Mitchell. R.
T. Ligon and W. L. Thurmond have
been the latest farmers to Join the
movement for better sock, these
two purchasing purebred hogs.
The first car of sheep to be ship
ped co-operatively by the McCracken
County Sheep Breeders' Association
brought the top price on the Louis
ville market, according to County
Agent J. R. Bird, who co-operated
with the farmers in forming the or
Visits to prominent stock farms
in the county for the purpose of
practicing Judging different classes
of livestock Is furnlshng the chief
training for the Carroll county Jun
ior livestock Judging team. The
team which is being trained under
the direction of County Agent G. C.
Routt and Assistant County Agent
R. M. Creen will enter the Junior
Judging contest to be held under the
direction of the College of Agricul
ture at the State Fulr, Sept. 14.
The highest-price ram sold at the
recent sheep sale held under the di
rection of the Livestock Exchange
at Louisville was purchased by an
Oldham County farmer and -is ex
pected to play an important part In
Improving the sheep in that county,
according to a report of County Ag
ent Gordon B. Nance.
Ilan-ed Korks lA'wl In Hint Ettg
Sixteen Barred Plymouth Rock
hens owned by Mrs. W. O. Kirk,
Philpot, lead the State's 47 demon
stration flocks In July egg produc
tion with an average record of 18.8
eggs a hen, according to an an
nouncement by J. H. Martin, in
charge of the College of Agriculture
poultry work. A Kenton County
flock was second on the list, 344
White Leghorns owned by Mrs. J.
A. Anderson, Covington, having an
average record of 16 eggs a hen for
the month. Thirty-six White Ply
Two New Circulars Ready For Far'
Two new circulars are ready for
distribution from the College of Ag-j
rlculture, the first No. 109, being a
discussion of the life histories and
controls for tobacco and potato flea
beetles and the second, No. 25, be-
ing a description and discussion of.
an apple-bud worm reported to j
have Infested trees in certain parts j
of the State. The insect has been
known to attack apple and other .
fruit trees but has not been given j
attention In the published accounts'
of fruit Insects as a bad eater. Both .
circulars were written by Harrison
Garman, entomologist at the Ken-!
tucky Agricultural Experiment Sta-
ion. j ney may do ODiaineu. iree vj
wrltting the station at Lexington.
OF KENTUCKY GENIUS
Leather Hame Strings
Single Maine String
Nhte For , f 1.00
IUM Price on Government seta Harness
See Mo littler You Buy
Coming from the Government a floe lot of Carpenter
Tools, Spades, Shovels, Gas Lamps, lrla Safes, ' '
. iind As'i Caas.
Central City, Ky.
Writing to the Albany New Era,
Mrs. S. A. Davidson of Chanute,
Tenn., a relative of the late Spencer
Dabncy, one of the most pronounced
characters this State ever knew, re
calls something ff his oddities and
hs early life in Albany, where Dab
ncy, a sad'.li'.r.iaker, formerly h.itS
his shop. Spence Dabney was a
striking figure, a. splendid-appearing
man and of remarkably dis
tinguished looks when his six feet
of stature were attired in his best
clothes. Mrs. Davidson writes:
The way he got to be a lawyer is
a good story. He was one night
playing poker with Judge Fount
Fox, Mike Owsley, Sam Boles and
John Sandidge at Russell Springs.
For a Joke Owsley told Fox that
Dabney, then a very young man,
was there to be examined touching
his learning in - the jrrofession of
Coke and Blackstone. Fox answer
ed: "Dabney, you look like a law
yer, you play poker like a lawyer
and I'll be hanged if I don't make
you a lawyer," which he did on the
Spence moved to Lebanon, where
Proctor Knott subsequently lived,
and opened a law office. The boys
elected him Justice of the Peace
and his library was the Revised
Statutes, the Code of Practice of
Kentucky and the Farmers' Alma
nac. It was asserted that his court
was noted for a maximum of dignity
and a minimum of learning. He
got into politics and was a candi
date for State Senator. Unfortunate
ly the presiding officer of the con
vention put the vote this way: "All
in favor of the nomination of
Colonel Dabney will rise." That
beat him; though in a majority, not
a Dabney delegate could stand on
I don't recall a more dashing
looking man than Spencer Dabney
at his best. He would have ad
miration, In any society. One Fourth
of July the orator of the occasion
was absent, and Spencer was tailed
on to fill bis place and make a
Democatic stump speech and he did
it capitally. The audience was
spellbound and hung on his words.
His periods were fervid and burning
and after two hours of enormous
eloquence he closed in a very
rhapsody of patriotic declamation
Coming down from the stand Spen
cer met one of his maternal uncles,
who was pretty nearly as much of
a wag as Spencer himself.
The old man said: "Spence I'm
proud of you. " Your eloquence was
splendid, your presence superb, your
voice rich, resonant and .musical,
your gestures were grace itself, but,
Spence, what you lack, is idees. If
a idee ever strikes, you, I'm damned
If you won't be a rouser."
AUTOMOBILE RUN BY
WIRELESS IS SHOWN
Illinois Central System Sliovs How Taxes
Have a Bearing on Railway Rates .
Notwithstanding that for the past twelve months the railroads as a whole-have earned almost
no net return on the capital Invested In them, many persons' insist that freight and passenger rates
be reduced, regardless-of 'the costs of producing that transportation service which the public must
have. We wish, therefore, to direct attention to the fact -that the costs of producing transporta
tion are still relatively "much higher than the rates. We think it fair to ask the public to give con
sideration to what the railroads are having to pay for labor, materials, locomotives, fuel, cars, taxes
and Interest on borrowed capital before passing final Judgment upon the reasonableness of present
freight 'and passenger rates.' . -i , - . y .
It is true that, effective July 1, railway wages were reduced 12 per cent, but they are still 108
rer cent higher than they were in 1814 the year of the beginning of the great war which upset
everything. Road locomotives cost 123 per cent more, switch engines cost 144 per cent more,
gondola cars cost 117 per cent more, refrigerator cars cost 107 per cent more, box cars cost 122
per cent more, steel passenger" coaches cflst 100 per cent more and locomotive fuel costs 138 per
cent more at present than in 1914. The Illinois Central' System 'sold bonds In 1914 on a basis
yielding less than 5 per cent to the purchasers. It recently scld $8,000,000 of bonds running for
fifteen years, and the best terms it was able to secure yiolded a return of moe than 7 per cent to
the purchasers.. .
Take the single item of direct taxes for a tea-year period. The Class I railroads, which in
clude all railroads having gross operating incomes of $1,000,000 or more annually, paid $98,626,
848 in taxes in 1911. In 1920 the same railroads paid $278,868,668 in taxes, an Increase of $180,-,
241,820, or 183 per cent.
The Illinois Central System paid $3,278,107.96 In taxes in 1911, while in 1920 it paid $9,575,
680,87, an .increase of $6,297,572.91, or 192 per cent. -
But these are not the only taxes affecting transportation charges. When the shipper pays his
freight bill, he should remember that 8 per cent of what the railroad's bill otherwise would be Is
added and collected by the railroad as a transportation tax. Llkcwlso, when the passenger pays
for' his ticket, he should remember that 8 per cent of what he otherwise would pay the railroad is
added and collected tor the government as a transportation tax. Patrons generally consider only
the total cost of freight and. passenger transportation, and many think the railroads get the whole
The transportation tax collected by the railroads for the government on freight bills in 1920
totaled $129,710,329.80, and on passenger fares, $103,099,633.36 a grand total of $232,809,963.
16! This vast sum is not included in any of the railway accounts. It was collected by the rail
roads acting as agents for the government and remitted directly to 'the government.
As the agent of the government the Illinois Central System collected from its patrons in 1920
the sum of $3,084,072.54 as transportation tax on freight, and $2,254,256.87. as transportation
tax on passenger fares, a total of $5,338,329.41! This is not Included in the above mentioned item
of $9,575,630.87 direct taxes paid, but was collected and remitted directly to the government.
The question of abolishing the transportation tax is having consideration at Washington. The
abolition of this tax would reduce railway rates without Injury to the railroads.
We do not bring up the question of railway taxation in a spirit of complaint. We realize
that all citizens and all businesses must bear their Just proportion of the express of government.
We refer to the matter Just now to make it clear that . railway taxation must be added to the cost
of transportation and necessarily has a bearing on freight and passenger rates.
Tho Illinois Central System has been striving for more than a yea,r to present facts In regard
to railway problems for the consideration of the public. The public will be able to decide lor itself
the advisability of such a course when It considers that the management of the Illinois Central
System is the trustee of an investment in roadway and equipment of more than a half billion dol
lars. .We realize that this property, and all railway property, will be dealt with accordingly as
public sentiment develops and crystallizes. We feel, therefore, that we must preent our cae before .
he court of public opinion, and we are glad to do that, having an abiding faith In the fairness and
Justice at the people when th-y have the facts be tore the,n.
Constructive criticism and suggestions are invited.
t " 3. H. MARKHAM,
' . "fj . President,' Illinois Central System.
All persons owning land affected
and which has been assessed in the
Roy Muffett Drainage District are
hereby notified to call on C. O. Hun
ter, County Treasurer of Ohio Coun
ty, and pay their assessment on or
before the first day of October, 19
21. On all assessments not paid on
or before that ' date the Board of
Drainage Commissioners will issue
bonds pursuant to law for all un
Given under oar bands this the
24th day of August, 1921.
BOARD OF DRAINAGE COMMIS
SIONERS, of Ohio County.
By S.'T. BARNETT, Chairman.
M. A. FOGLE, Secretary
Chicago, Aug. 81. Among fea
tures of the exhibition at the Na
tional Radio show which opened
here today is a tiny automobile con
trolled by wireless, the invention of
E. r. Glavin. Yonkera, N. Y. The
' Radio show Is being held in connec
tion with the annual convention of
the Amateur Radio Operators of
America, and' the Radio Relay
Spectacles and Eyt Clastet
(mobabie biecal Urn)
. 'Artificial Eye
FOURTH and CHESTNUT,
Sea Southern Optical Co.'s
Booth At The 8tate Fair.
OLD LEAKY -fcocra
Cfto tdn4BdUk proof with
St OOF COATING ,
MaaalaetDrM.Itnit to Cormrif,
UntRNATIONAI. C6ATIMGS CO.
M 1. Immmi St. loibwSa. Ky.
- Two Thousand Pieces
Large Assorted Enamel Ware
It willl pay you to see them.
Government New Cost $70.00
Going Fast at . $26.50
Tel. 27 1
. Central City. Ky.
We .Teach - ,
Shorthand Typewritlug Bookkeeping -find
. f ' ' . Call or write -
: , WILBUR KELLEY, Mgr.
' v liarttord, Ky.
OrOWENSBORO BUSINESS COLLEGE.