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THE HARTFORD HERALO
"THAT'S how eujr it k to
1 Pay for Corona; tha
little expound typewriter
you can old um take with
youj writs with anywhere.
Phone ua today for ft free
G. O. CROWE,
Agent ' Hartford, Ky.
JOHN L DUNLAP &C0.
' STOCKS AND BONDS
LIBERTY BONDS -fMVATt
WISE TO AU. MARKETS
su Mi Riii stt itBKrn.it, n.
eyes Examined free:
I nikc drmble vhtoo
Uucs while you wait
om to m ud tntcs-
pactacle work. I
4 ' .,nk pardom
110 W. THIRD ST.
f Convenes first Monday In March,
ay and July; third Monday In
epteraber and fourth Monday in
Each term continue 12 juridical
pudge Goorge S. Wilson, Owens
boro. Com'th. Attorney Glover H. . Cary,
Clerk Frank Black.
." Mastar Commissioner B. H. Ellis.
Trustee Jury Fnnct L. Bl Tichenor.
-.Convenes first Monday In each
. month : .'.
Judge R. R. Wedding."
County Att'y. Otto C. Martin.
vier uuy Kanney.
Sheriff O. A. Ralph; Deputies:
Mack Cook, Iris Render, George
. Jailer Nathaniel Hudson
Judge R, R. Wedding.
Convenes first Monday in each
. "k Convenes Tuesday after first Mon
tlay in January; first Tuesday in
April ' and October, the County
Judge presiding. - .
,Jst. District J. p. McCoy, Hart-
2nd. DIM riot W. C. Knott, Center
' tow-. ' '
8rd. District Q. B, Brown, 81m
4tb. District J. R. Murphy, Fords
ville. ' . .
. 0(h. District Sam H. Holbrook,
Hartford. R. F. D. No. 4.
th. District Mack Martin, Nar
' rows, R. F. D No. J. j
7th. District J. Walter Taylor, Bea
rer Dam, R. F.D. No. 3.
BOARD OF EDUCATION
v Buperinte-dent Mrs. L 8. Mason
Convenes first Monday in every
' month. Mrs. I, 9. Mason, S. 8. O. C,
and ei-offlcial Secretary-Treasurer.
1 R. A. Owen, Chairman, Hartford, R.
v. io. u.
W. R. Carson, Vice Chairman, Hart
ford. R. F. D. No, 8. '
Nat Lindley, Centerto'wn, R
. , No. 1., ' '
Otis Stevens, Beaver Dam.
Claud Renjrow, Dundee.
For Common School Dlpl
Fourth Friday - and Saturday In
, January, and Second Friday and Sat
urday lu May. Held In Fordsvllle,
. Beaver Dam and Hartford,
Fob, Teach-' Certificate Third
Friday and Saturday In May, June
and September, Except notice Is
.1 .1 .. k. 1 llltll. AW-
amlnatlons are bald In Hartford.
HOARD 6k. DRAINAGE
S. T. Barnett, Hartford, President;
v r Ti..n - nam t n IP n
y No. 2. and J. A. Bellamy. Whltes-i-Ntlle.
R. F. a No. I. '
Tax Coauniaa loner R.. , F. Keown,
Fodville. ' . , .
Treaaur-r C, O. Hunter.
Surveyor C S. Moxley. Fordsvllle.
RvprwteittMive Ira Jones, White
; MUST LEARN FIRST
Explanation of Terms Used in
Radio and of Its Basic
' Dae to the great interest taken In re
did since broadcasting stations have
beens started, many radio , terms are
seen and heard that muy be unfamiliar
to the novke. Some of the must com
monly used terms are explulned and
' Like light, heat and sound, radio
energy Is props gnted in the form of a
wave motion. Every one Is familiar
with the wave motion set up on the
surface of a still body of wuter by the
dropping of a stone lntq It.
Every time u point1' on the surface
of the wnves goes through a, complete
set of motions und starts to repeat
those mot Inn the wave is said to huve
gone through a cycle.
The number of complete cycles gone
through per second Is the frequency.
Tlio human' enr Ih rosponxive to
sound frequencies up to a few thousand
cycles per Si-cnnd but is not capable of
responding to the higher frequencies
encountered In ruri'.o.- Arbitrarily a
frequency of less thnn W.ooo cycles
has been culled un undlble frequency
"one which enn he heard and fre
quencles uliove 10,iH)0 cycles, radio or
Inaudible frequencies because they
cannot be heard by the human ear.
Tlie parth'iilar type of wave which
propngntes radio energy Is un electro
magnetic wave. All of us hove seen
bits of Iron and steel attracted by the
little toy magnets made up in the form
of horseshoes. This attraction of the
magnet for the bits of iron und steel
showed the existence of a magnetic
The high-frequency current In known J
as the isrrler-wae und ! f -.ntlof
Is to radiate into space In the form of
electro-magnetic waves and by Us va
rtatlon In amplitude carry with It the
variation In the tone at the transmit
It Is the frequency of the carrier
wave that determines the wave-length
on which radiophone station is trans
mitted. By experiment it litis been
found that electro-mnKnetle waves
travel at the same velocity that light
waves travel, that Is, l$0,00O miles per
second. Wave-length Is the dlstunce
between any two similar points on two
successive waves; for example, the dis
tance from crest to crest of nny two
successive waves In the same direction,
measured in meters, a unit of length
eqtml approximately to one and one
tenth yards. Converting 18(1.000 mile
to meters, the equivalent Is 800.000.000
meters. The length of an electro-magnetic
wave Is equal then to soo.ooo.ooo
divided by the frequency. Suppose a
station was transmitting on a wave
length of 360 meters. The frequency
of the carrier-wave would be upproxl-'
mately 8.H5.0OO cycles.
Just as a violinist tunes his instru
ment, thut Is, mnkes a ccrtnin string
emit a note of hlpl-er or lower pitch,
or, technically spci'tig, sound wave
of higher or lower frequency, by ad
justing the tension on the string, so
may the electrical constants of the
antenna circuit of a radiophone trans
mitter be changed In order to have
the station emit "a carrier-wave of a
If a tuning fork having a natural
period corresponding to middle C be
placed near a violinist who Is playing,
the fork will vibrate when the musi
cian plays middle C, but all other times
It will reiuuin quiescent. This phenom
enon of the tuning fork . vlbnuting
whenever the musician plays the cor
responding note on the violin Is known
ns mechnnlcnl resonance. If a radio
receiver he adjusted so that electrically
Its natural period of vibration will he
K15.000 cycles (300 meters wave
length) every time a station transmits
on a wave-length of 800 meters, cur
rent will be set up In the receiver by
By Special Arrangements We Are Able to Offer
T5he Hartford Herald
'IT1 V.JSNe ' ss
'fKr i "
TW Jk gaganweagwii H is m, mm:,mm.)
h'i 4$i&-i m " -av " V3
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U- ) . - 7 '' " ' --1 yZl : i
Amauur Radio Operators Erecting Atrial en the Roof.
field about the tips of the magnet and
this sanio kind of a field propagates
the electro-magnetic force, except that
unlike the toy magnet, Its power comes
off In the form of wavy motions. This
electro-magnetic force propagates ra
dio energy in all directions.
' ' The medium that transmits the electro-magnetic
. waves Is the same me
dium thut transmits Jlght the ether.
This medium is supposed to (ill all
space, even that occupied by fluids and
ollda. Little is known about its prop
erties. In radio It Is more common to speak
of wave length than frequency. The
wave length of any wave motion Is the
distance between any two successive
crests in the same; direction. The
wave length depends upon the fre
quency. .If the frequency is high the
wave length Is short. On the other
hand If the frequency Is low the wave
length Is long. Numerically the wave
length Is equal to the distance trav
eled by the wave in one second divided
by the frequency. Suppose, for ex
ample, that It were desired to know
the wave length of an electro-magnetic
wave having a frequency of R3.ri,000
cycles. Electro-magnetic waves travel
at the same sieed as do light waves,
that is, 1SH.00O miles per second. Di
viding the 180,000 by 833.000 the wave
length would be .223 miles or 890
yards. In radio work It Is uieusured
In meters. A meter Is equal to ap
proximately J.l yards. Converting 31)6
yards Into - meters the wave length
would be 81t) divided by 1.1 or 300
meters. This la the wave length on
which KDKA operates. It also means
that the electro-magnetic waves sent
'out from this station have a frequency
ef 83.V000 cycles. '
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES ,
In a ' radiophone transmitter there
are two requirements that ' must he
fulfilled. First, there must be a source
of high-frequency current, say, between
18,000 and l,f)00,000 eyWes so , con
nected to an antenna and ground sys
tem that energy la the form of elect ro
Riagtiettc wares will he radiated. Kei"
ond, there must be some method of
controlling this high-frequency current
or modulating It so that the varlutlons
In the amplitude of th high-frequency
current will be directly proportional
te the voice or music to be transmitted.
electrical resonance. Stations trans
mitting on any wave-length other than
860 meters will not cause a current
to be set up In the receiver.
The portion of a radio receiver ajhat
changes the wave-length at which It
Is electrically resonant Is called a
tuner. Suppose that "A" station trans
mits on a wave-length of 200 meters
and "B" on a wave-length of 300 me
ters. By adjusting the tuner pntil the
constants of the receiver make It elec
trically resonant to a 200-meter wave
or a 800-meter wave, either of the two
stutlons can be picked up, but both
stations cannot be picked up simulta
neously. This is the reason that more
than, one transmitter can be operating
at one time and yet only one can be
heard on a receiver without Interfer
ence from- the others.
The other necessary , part of a radio
receiver Is the detector. The function
of this portion of the receiver Is to
utilize the small currents In the tuner
that are set up by a transmitting sta
tion and make them audible through
the medium of a telephone receiver. If
the telephone receiver were connected
directly to the tuner the high-frequency
current would not operate . the dia
phragm of the receiver and even If the
diaphragm were set in motion It would
be too fast a motion to be picked up
by the human ear.
In a simple receiver the detector us
ually consists of two pieces of mineral
In contact or a piece of mineral In con
tact with a metallic, spring. El 'her
combination is known as a crystal de-'
tector. A detector of this type is noth
ing more than rectifier; that Is, when
an alternating current Is applied at the
terminals the1 current Is allowed te
flow only In one direction.
One Year, and the
Hew One Editor Uses Radle.
The editor of a paper in an Iso
lated town In the northwest Is owing
the radio In a moat ingenious and ef
fective way. An aamateur radio frieud
in a big city 50 mlleW away buys the
latest editions of the city peiwrs as
soon as they are off the press, reads
the beet uews Into his transmitter, aud
typist lu the country ulllce copies the
news as It comes lu over the otttce re
ceiver. The editor, through this In
genious plan, is si ways "r'lrwt'WIth
(be Latest" In his home town. 1
Courier-Journal, Daily, except Sunday, for ,
Louisville Times,-Daily, . . . .
Louisville Post, Daily, . ...
Owensboro Messenger, Daily. . . .
Owensboro Messenger, Twice-a-Week,
Owensboro Inquirer, Daily, . . .
Owensboro Inquirer, Twice-a-Week,
New York World, Thrice-a-Week,
St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Twice-a-week,
Thisoffer applies to renewals as well as new subscrip
tions. New subscriptions may, if desired, start at a later
date, and renewals will date from expiration of present ones.
Send or bring your orders to
!5he Hartford Herald
LOAN TO UEKLIN
Paris, June' 8. All idea of an in
ternational loan to Germany has
been given up by the commiti-M) of
bankers, and they are inciting to
day to agree upon the io.m of their
report to this effect, which will be
submitted to the Reparations Com
mission. The work of formulaUn? the re
port, it Is stated, may teke two or
three sittings. x
The prevailing opinion among the
members of the banker committee is
that two things are necessary to a
loan first, there' must be unanimi
ty among the lenders, which were to
Include all the countries represented
on the Reparations Commission;
second, that the credit basis of Ger
many must be outlined clearly.
The bankers look upon the Repa
rations Commission's reply to thoir
recent note as an official declaration
that unanimity does not exist among
the prospective lenders, and there
fore feel that plans for a loan can
not be advised.
EA8Y WINNER IN
A CASH OFFER I
THE HARTFORD HERALD has made a special clubbing rate with ths
Memphis Weekly Commercial Appeal by which we will furnish both
papers for one year for the low price of
The Commercial Appeal Is one of the largest and best papers In the
South and we hope to receive many new subscribers on this offer,
$1.85 cash for both papers. Send In your subscription now.
Address THE HERALD
. Hartford, Ky.
. Des Moines, la., June 6. Smith
W. Brook hart, of Washington, was
nominated the Republican, candl-J
date for the United States senate
from Iowa at the primary Monday. I
With returns .received from all
except 246 of the 2,348 precincts in1
the state, there is no question of
his victory. Of 289,084 votes cast!
in these precincts, Brookhart re-
celved 118,413 or forty-one, per,
cent. Thirty'five per cent is . nec
essary for nomination.
Three of the four congressmen
from Iowa, who had primary fights
were beyond question nominated
for re-election. Gilbert N. Haugen,
Zennis Cole and L. J. Dickinson
have margins, sufficiently large to
Insure victory 'and nothing Is likely
to overturn the smaller lead of con
gressman W, D. Boles,
There was a young student named
. . Peck
Who signed the wrong name to
( check, ' - r
And be looks very cute
lu bis pretty striped suit1'
d bisvewat buttoned up td the
By special arrangements we are now able to offer
The Daily Courier Journal
S6e Hartford Herald
Both one year, by mail, for only $5.60
This offer applies to renewals as well as new subscrip
tions, but only to people living in Kentucky, Tennessee or
Indiana. New subscriptions may, if desired, start at a later
date, and renewa's will date from expiration of present ones.
- If you prefer an evening newspaper, you may substitute
The Louisville Times for The Courier-Journal.
Send or bring your orders to the office of '
15he Hertford Herald
ANOTHER MAN fr'LOUC'ED
AT ANDE1WON, 8.
Anderson, S. C, June . While
Auderson was still talking today
about the kidnapping last night of
Robert W. Sullivan. 31. and Miss
Ruby Floyd. 18, It became knowu
that OHie Croinptou was taken
from bis home at Williamson, nuar
here and flogged by masked nieu.
Cromptoa told police his captors
charged him with being a bootlog-
ger and advised him to sell no aiorel
liquor No arrests have been made
I in either case.
BAKKLEY DON'T COMMENT
ON RACE KOK GOVERNOR
Louisville, June 10, "I am run
ning for re-k'ct'oo to congress,"
was the reply of Representative A.
W. Bark ley, of the First district,
here today, when questiouod as to
whether be would be a candidate
for the Democratic nomination, for
governor In 1933.
MY. Barkley In In Kentucky' to
make an address at the Odd Fellows)'
memorial service at Paducah Sunday.