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THE HA3TrOD Mru?
IKFORMATIOX FROM THE EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICCL
TV HAL PATERS AND THE COUXTV AGENT'S OFFICE '
Kentucky IVihIu.cs l t1 Ph. J. W. Jone say. Interested ).tr
tftrtt torn In the Tonlevllle section have
Kentucky- second crop ot pofa- made arrangement to havo a total
toes which usually It planlel from ' of 700 tons ot limestone ruck cruah
the middle to the latter part of Ju-' ed while farmer. In othor aectlont
ly, product s-ed spuds equal In ev- of the county alto are glvinff In
iry way to those which can be ob-j created attention to the mo of llmo.
taincd from oth.-r sources, according One hundred of the 700 tont was
to A. J. Olney, potato specialist of contracted for after the crusher be
the College of Agriculture. On the gan work.
n'.hcr hand. It seldom la practicable
m h,.!d tubers from the first crop'
for unci t' of a seed plot and a
few special practices ha hr'n found
to be a good method of producing
v;irorou foundation Mock for fu-!
ture ,-roi.s. ho added.
'.The object of such a s plot la'
m urmino and maintain a high
v.eldiiiir vi.ri. tv t potatoes. The
principal cuse of dwrioratlon or
,., rin.. i. a'
ruMiiuiK ' "
disease known us mosaic or curly
.Iwarf, which causes the young
plants to arPfar dwarfed, the leave
to curl downward und be 'much;
twisted and to havo an uneven yel-
low and green color. Sncll plants
prodnce small, worthless tubers. If
111 nits arc attacked later, the new
loaves may show the- mosaic or ir-
regular green color but the plants
may produce fairly normal tubers,
The dis'nse Is carried from year to
year In potatoes produced from
diseased plants. It Is spread from
plant to plant by aphids or plant
lice and the apple leaf hopper,
Striins of potatoes badly affected
with the mosaic cannot give high
yields and It also is difficult to ob-
tain seed entirely free from it.
"In e.udicatii.K the disease by
men. .,f ih seed nlot. the ootatoes
are gone over as soon as they are
well al.ne the- ground and all
plants removed which are stunted
in any way or show signs of mosaic.
The plants are gone over about
tw..e ,1Sai.i before P...w. ring time
iu;d all badly diseased or mosaic
plant -destroyed. The plot ,ls gone-
over ugain at flowering time and all;
nlr.nts removid which show a dlf-'
fcrent flower color than that of the'
variety being grown, these being;
"Aftw the nlot has been gone'
over for the last time, the plants j .reported to the Kentucky Agricul
whiih appear especially strong and tural Experiment Station, according
vigorous are marked, the best tu- to Harrison Garman, the station
bora in these hills being selected at entomologist. However, this Is no
digging time as sed for the next assurance that the fly will not dam
year'B sed plot and the remainder age grain sown this fall, he said,
kept for planting the early field and it is being suggested that farm
,.rop era plow their wheat stubble land
' as a first precaution.
Ijow Wcol Pr.Hluelion F.mpluiNizeN
Nc-l For Culliiur Kluvp Flock
Five pounds of low grade wool
represents the annual production of
the uverace sheep in Kentucky,
cording to L. J. Horlacher. in charge
of the sheep work at the College of
Agriculture. In addition to this,
many animals can be found in
practically t-very flock In the Stale
that furnish strong evidence for the
uttd of culling the flock at this time
of the year, be said.
'.As average annua) production
of five pounds of wool for each
blieep in the State means that many
uouuals are producing as low at
two pounds. Every flock hat its
lifclil shearing sbvtt while uulmula
tuul ..re of poor muium type, un
certain breeders or uusouud in some
irsjitct occur frojuenlly even In the
bet flocks. Frequently, raked ud-
oers result from lack of attention at
weaning time with the result that
the ewe is of i.o further value as a
'Additional importance is attach
ed to culling the flock In that ewes
l.eyiu to lose their teeth at around
seven or right years of uge. Such
nn. rials r-quire more care und at-t'-ntion
if they arc to be profitable
u:)d u.-ujliy should bo eliminated.
"Thv most desirable breeding
twes are well gruwu and rugged
will) ttraight body lines and plenty
o4' capacity for feed. They are
ftuiiuie In apptarance. sound in
tLe.r mouth und udders aud are
, ....... , t ...... ..
Cuvereu Wlin UC.IBV uent, urrrrm ui
... ,.a;i,v The most desirable
et. are from one to four yt,ar old.
Care should be takeu to cull out all
...ufi. .n that the flock will be at
nearly uniform as possible in !
and breeding quulltles. Such a flock ;
will produce a more even bunch of
lambs and -vntuaIly Inrreav tbe
nruflts which It owner realises." I
rwm AsmI Houm. N."m Fruisi Over
Larue county farmer are show-
lug a lively luterst In the ros.ilI.ill-
tiH l iuiroiut (belr sail by
Mts c llwasione. Cornty Aent
Many of the 300 Kentucky farm
boys and girls who attended the re
cent second annual "Junior Week"
hold at the college oi Agncuuure .i
Uxlngton experienced their first
real thrill In making the trip and
taking part in the festivltlet of the
week. Daviess county sent one girl
und two boys to the event who bad
never ridden-on a truln previous to
their trln to Lexington. Another
girl from the same county had nnv-
er ridden more than ten miles on a
Kti-um line before. 1
Daviess county farm boys and
girla who are members of the New-
man Junior Agricultural club have
launched a campaign to beautify the
lawns In their district, according to
County Agent J. E. McClure. Prizes
will be offered for the lawnt which
ahow the greatest and most eco-
nomlcal improvement by next June,
Cr.am grading methods are be-
ing presented to Calloway county
farmers In order to help them re-
duce the losses which they suffer
each year from poor quality cream,
County Agent J. B. Gardner says.
Interested persons In the vicinity of
h Murray cream station recently
were addressed by J. O. Hark man.
a,ry speciau" ... vo..
Agriculture at Lexington, who
Volntvd out In his talk on grading
that Kentucky farmers last year lost
more th $50,000 on cream that
u n"'rkel 1,1 oor condition,
, . !.. It-. ' ,1...
Turning l nler
Hessian Flies I
Little damage evidently has been
i" rveunun, w..rm uuimt
past season by the Hessian fly, no
cases of serious Injury having been
"All land which contains fly in
fested stubble should be plowed to
a 'ePh ot five or six Inches In July
or August so that the fragile flies
ac-,""01 10 ,he " he
stubble is badly infested the safest
waT 10 et rld of th8 flie la ,0 burn
ott the field. Flies from the stubble
emerge In September and place their
B8 n any volunteer or other
et vicinity. Late plant-
'ng and the use of fields that are
known to be free from the flies are
precautions that can be used later
in the season.
"Tbe flaxseed stage of the Hies,
which appears at a smooth, shining,
red-brown, seed-like object Is left In
the stubble when the wheat I cut. I
It remalus In this condition until'
lu,,l'r Part ' JulX whe somej8 8ut8factory and other condition
adults come out. most of them, how-jn,aae tB8 prospects bright for
evtr. remaning Idle until August good yleI)j A irj aea80n mean
Bnl September when they emerge poor returns and an unsafe risk for
' " numbers about the time the) the bank.,, One of the Jobs of the
new crop of wheat comes up. Tbe j
eggs soon are placed on the upper,
side of the wheat blades after which I
the flies die. The minute grubsl
which hatch creep dowu the blade
to where theee Join the stems and
in behind them net thTot the cotton boll weevil lu reducing
They rasp the delicate tla-;
sues of the plant until these are Peanuts are grown lu place of cot
weakened and In many cases kill OI- Before llt very little of tbe
both the stems and the blade.
"The insects are known to pass
h. .(..tor hi ih flaxseed state and
to produce a spring brood which be-
comes the flaxseed stage
the flaxseed stage before
wheat is harvested. This
uroo ''" ' " "
n r,,ve 1,u,e' nence deep
P''n " cTbrad if different kinds are terved
,tllut ,n lbM mean 01 tM wm ,
tr wnirolllng the fly.
Annual H fulling To Ui Htarto.1
Wltbln tho nexl tw weeks, thou-
sanu. ot larmer. ana pounryuien .n
prsctlrslly every ectlon of the Blate
will turn to toe annual tail cuuing
0f their poultry flock in order to
eliminate low produrlug hen and
bring about t wore ooaomicat pro-.
OUet!oa of eggs., poultry specialist
at the College of Agriculture say. J
Lulling usually can oe siarien as
early as the middle of July, (hit be
ing the time ot the year when' the
first hens atop laying and go Into a
molt, .,'.. '
All hens that Stop laying at this
season of, the yer are not poor lay
ers, the poultrymen isay, a number
of causes being responsible for hens
going Into a molt. Among ' these
are sickness,' Improper feeding,
broodlness and lice and mHes.
However, If the flock has been prop
erly cared for and fed a laying, ra
tion containing tome animal protein,
such .as tankage or buttermilk, and
some hens stop laying to molt' thsre
can he no aount mat .re, ,pw
producer. . . . I
. Heavy layers produce 8K
throughout the su.nmor and molt
inie. in uciouer r ,
which they grow their new feathers ,
rapuny wm.e .ow pr,,uuc...8 ...
Slop iay.nB .ear., ... -
grow their new. feajhers slowly
during JU!y ana August . . ru.e.
they do not start laying until the
In culling the flock, the length of
time thut the hen has boi-n loafing
can be determined by the renewal i
of feathers. The body feathers are'
sited first, the tall feathers nexl ; hnd
men mose o. - ...
cnanges iue to nv, .,.
piace in me veDl. oca . ........
oi yeiiow .Kin uru. I
v ' " . .'tend and prolong this panic by a
and beome white a. the storedfat fl thoe whJch
In the body is used for egg produc- re8ponllble for the preceding
tion. The vent change, qulcklv J t ,tB
Wlin egg prouuciion so mai iiu-
whit.e or pink vent means that the
bird is laying.
What To Put In Tec Lunch Bnt&ct
For School Children
Combinations similar to those be
low, which are suggested by the
I'nlted States Department of Agri
cultures will be found excellent for
the school lunch basket. Many
others equally good will suggest
Sandwiches with sliced tender
meat for filling; baked apple; cook
ies or a few lumps of tugar.
Slices of meat loaf or bean loaf;
sandwiches; stewed fiu!'. ; small
Crisp rolls, hollowed out and flll-
eu with hopped meat or fish, mois
tened and seasoned, or mixed with
mlad dreeslng; orange, apple, . a
mixture of sliced fruits, or berries,
Lettuce or celery sandwiches; cup
custard; Jelly sandwiches.
Cottage-cheese sandwiches, or a
pot of cream cheese- with bread-and-butter
sandwiches; peanut sand
wiches; fruit; cake. .
Hard-boiled eggs; baking-powder
biscuits; celery or radishes; brown
sugar or maple-sugar sandwiches. -
Bottle of milk; thin cornbread
and butter; dates; apple.
Raisin or nut bread with butter;
cheese; orange; maple sugar. ,
Baked-bean and lettuce sand
wiches; apple sauce; sweet choco
late. Weather Bureau Helps Bankers
Evidence of the connection be
tween banking and weather was af
forded recently when a Federal Re
serve Bank in a middle weatern city
tent to tbe Weather Bureau, ot the
United Statet Department of Agri
culture for cllmatologlcal report
on certain aectiont In auotber State.
The bank is interested in the effect
, , .
. , ,, ,hl ,,
Weather Bureau la to furnish a ecu
rate Information ot this kind.
The manufacture of peanut oil
has been stimulated a great deal In
receut years because of the ravage
cotton growing In certain section.
I oil was made, ouly 450,000 pounds
being produced lu 1911. but by 1918
the, quantity turned out by crushers
'" tontr'r w bout 0--
.1110 m.iind A. IhA ink lima Im.
1 puna lucrvasuu irutu i.ouu.uvu lu
Children will often eat more
especially for the basket luach at
school or the hot school lunch, say
the United State Department ot Ag
ricultur. Sometime so simple a
change as baking th bread In a new
torn) a twist, for example, iuatead
ft lnnfir i..tfln. hrutrf .nif hut-
Uf Uucy t coohy
culUr wM1 BcreaM a child's rellth
for u g0i too w, m change of
08Vor, obtained by adding few
raisin, dried cuxraajt, or nut meU.
The. Hartford hrJd. t. tbe yM
CAPITOL CTLLINGH ,
The BiuiarM Man' Party ' f
Washington, July' 8. The Re
publican party hat lost sympathetic
contact with the business Interests
of the country. The demand for the
disproportionate . , and ', haphazard
scheme proposed by Mr. McCumber
comet from himself and other Sena
tort who expect to .reap desirable
political benefits, and not from the
business Interests of . the country.
Loult Selbold, National political
correspondent, New York Herald.
' The foregoing statement by Mr.
Louis Sulbuld, one of the group of
famous and sound political writers
who report and comment upon na-
u worthy of ,er,ou
and "sober consideration of the busl-
11M8 nHn ol th, countrv. There is
UUcy Jn pom)cg than
Uiat bu8lnegg thrIves under a Re-
admlnl8tratlon t0 , greater
extent than u under a
crarri! -dmln8tratlon. The worst
(hlng that can happen tQ bwlnel
a fluanca, r econon, panlc .and
panics than Republican tariff laws.
The great panics of 1873 and 1893
I came when Republican tariff bills
were the law of the land. The Re-
niihllAan nnnlf In 1021-29 rpflllltlnff
economic breakdown of
Europe( Iouowing the defeat of the
brought on by the
Repubcan pollcy of oppOBitlon and
MhoUge. M j8 now proposed to ex-
Practically every big Republican
newspaper in the country bag oppos
ed and denounced this pending tariff
bill. The legitimate business inter
ests ot the country are opposed to it.
Its effect upon business generally
will be disastrous, and yet tbe reac
tionary Republican leadership per
sists in trying to fasten upon tht
country it policy ' of commercial
isolation and economic " absurdities
in the Interest of ft few manufactur
er. Tbe Democratic party, still hold-
. Ing fast to the doctrine of '.equal
rights to all and special privileges
to none," is preeminely the party of
honeet and legitimate business and
the foe ot profiteering and predatory
interest. Its attitude toward the
business interests ot the country Is
definitely set forth In a recent decla
ration by Cordell HullChairman of
tbe Democratic National Committer.
Judge Hull said: .'
"The Democratic party- welcome
Into its rank every class of persons
and of business whlcb desire only
intelligent, equitable and fair treat
ment at the hand of tbe govern
ment. Dt-mocrata have shown . by
their recent record that they 'are
friendly towards all individual and
legitimate businesses, big and little,
so long aa they do not seek tome
special advantages or favor from
the government h to which they are
not entitled. Tbe national democ
racy Is not reactionary, but 1 keenly
alive to existing condition and to
modernised, wholesome remedies tor
any evil or threatened evil ot our
material or' social affairs. It alone
has a clear grasp ot all phase of
our national life." ,
The business favored by tho Re
publican party 1 crooked business,
profiteering business, and business
seeking special privileges and .favor.
The business represented by the
Democratic party is honestt busi
ness, seeking no favors and opposing
discriminations, asking only equal
opportunity. Honest business may
be little or it may be big it matters
not how big if it be honest and
Is It not time that honest . aud
legitimate business, big and little,
separate itselt from tho Republican
party and ally Itself with tbe Demo
cratic party? ' la it not time that
honest aud legitimate business recall
to mind the defeat by Republican
nartisaushiD ot the great recon
struction programme pffered by the
Wllsou administration in 1919 wbich
would have solved practically all of
the probloms with which business is
confronted today T .
The correspondent of a great Re
publican newspaper dec-lares that
"the Republican party ha lost sym-,
patbetlo contact with tbe business!
interest of the country." Sympathe-i
tlo interest wltb honest and legiti-
mat business Is ever present in tbe
Democratic party. I It not time,
that honest and legitimate business
should a rail Hself to it, thus serving J
it own iuterest aud tbe Interest of
the nation? .' ' '
' Ship Bubftidy Questionnaire .
It is to be hoped that Republican
Congressmen, who have' taken .
vacation aiatll August It. when
there wa plenty of work to keep
thera In Washington, will ' follow J
the advice of President Harding
and try to learn tbe view ot their j
constituent concerning the Ship'
Subsidy bill. If they do there will
be no Ship Subsidy bill 'passed by
this Congress, and no one will he -
seriously disappointed except Chair-j
tnan Lasker, ' the Shipping ' Trust
and President Harding. I
1 In order to aid the Republican
Congressmen In learning 'the view) ,
of their constituents on the Ship
Subsidy bill we suggest that they
ask thera the following questions:' 1
1.-" Do yon wish the Government'
to turn over to the Shipping Trust'
$3,000,000,000 worth of ships, most j
of them steel, and 76 per cent of.
them ollburners, the best on the
ocean, for 1200,000,000? '.' ". I
2; Do you wish the Government
to loud purchasers - ofvtbese ships,4
after sustaining a government loss
n ft 1 OA1 AAA AAA 1 O K AAA AAA' -
2 per cent, to recondition these
ships or to build others?- j
3. . Do you wish the Government.
io pa, Donus or suDsiay 10 ine.in me nouse, ana coinmoni, uova
Shipping Trust or $760,000,000 in' a "Fordney's " Folly," to private
the next ten year to guarantee the' life, where they both belong. It'
new owners Against loss in opera- - would have been tome satisfaction,
tion, and to pay tbe money on the perhaps, to tbe average citizen to
condition which will enable them
to pay for the ships out of the sub-
sidy, and thus practically get them
4. , Do you wish to see the army
and navy transport services abolish
ed and the function , of carrying
troops and munitions, even in time
of war, turned over to tbe Shipping
Trust? ' - .
6. Do you wish subsidies to be
paid under this bill to the Standard
Oil Company, the tnlted States
CaaI fintA Inn a n A Allia. In .a '
concerns which own and operate
their own ships, transporting their
own products and which are not
required to operate as common car
riers? 6. Do you wish the passage ot
this bill which does not require the
Shipping Board to make any re
port or accounting to the Presi
dent, the Congress or anybody else
at any time? . ( " . , ,
7. Do you wish the owner of
these ships to be exempt from the
payment of all Federal taxes pro
viding the amount is set aside for
investment In new ship construction
at a i time when there are many
more ships than necessary to carry
the amount 'of commerce?" ' '
8. Do you wish this bill passed
in the interest of tbe Shipping Trust
which profiteered upon tbe Govern
ment and the people during tbe
war, and now gives no guarantee
under this bill , of any cheaper ocean
freight rate a bill which doe not
even protend to provide for any
regulation of such rate?
These are but the principal ques
tion Congressmen may ask their
constituent. There are many more
they can ask if any of them have
taken the trouble to read the bill.
Tbe . alternative ' question Is,
Would you not rather turn over toj
a Democratic Congress the task of
providing an bonest and efficient
hipping act, designed for the up
building of a permanent merchant
marine Instead of an act to destroy
the one we now bave? , -
The announced retirement : of
Representative Joseph W. Fordney
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, KASHVIXLEt TEXX. i
The Giant of the South
It Immense popularity Is dus not only to th fact that' svery
line In It Is written tor Southern farm families by men and
women who know and appreciate Southern condition, but to tho
. practically anllmlted personal service which Is given to subscrib
ers without charge. v
I Kvtry yeat w answer thousand or question , on hundred of
different subject all without charge. When you become a sub
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.i 7,00v ClrcuWUoa '
Bay this Cigarttte and Save Money
(Rep. Mich.), ' Chairman ot the
House Way and' Mean Committee,
and the defeat ot Senntor Porter J.
T" XT ft ' i.-tmmv
ot the Senate Finance Committee,
relegates the Joint author of v th
Profiteers' Tariff. bill now pending
have had the opportunity to cast a
vote against either of them as a
' ropudfatlon of their infamous bill,
but the tame results can be had by
voting against ahy Republican' Con
gressional candidate because the
re-electon'.of a Republican Congress
means a conttnuaton of the same
polcy whlcb Fordney and McCum
ber strove to carry out. . The way
to repudiate the reaction ism oi
Fordney and McCumber Is for tho
voters to repudiate Republican
candidate In all districts and state.
The boast of Senator McCormlck
(Rep. 111., that the administration
has cut ' down mcome taxes . would
have been more effective in tbe In
terest of truth if, he had stated that
the reduction. hud been on the in
comes - from the multi-millionaire
profiteering class. Tbe whole truth.
nowevcr, is in me raci mui uui uoi,
were the income taxes ot this class
reduced, but also in the manner in
which income tax 'reduction wa ac-
compnsnea, i nis was aone d, mo
simple process in hundreds of thous
ands ot case by reducing income
and Jn many cases by abolishing
--- -" -' -' - ' r-
It may be doubted , If President
Harding feel flattered when hi
own press tells blmtbat he ia more
popular - thari Congress. A person
could have a very unenviable reputa
tion and be very much more popular
than the sitting reactionary Repub
lican Congress which is denounced
by leading Republican newspapers
as "the forst Congress in twenty
year." ' '
Senator McCumber' defeat for
re-election In the North Dakota Re
publican prlmarie wa foreseen and'
discounted by tbe Democrat.
whether tbe Republican Senatorial
nominee In North Dakota were Mc-
Cumber or Frazler it simply means
a Democratic Senator from tbat
state. The main interest in Mc
Cumber' defeat I in tbe accom-
panying repudiation ot the Harding
administration and the Profiteers'