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tt v -pr "c-rn v -r i n v
FREE SPEECH, FREE PRESS, FREE MEN, FREE KANSAS AND FREMONT."
PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 9, 185G.
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It tt Zittau 3ol OUitt.
r.terutsd on the siioitest nonce ana iu iae
kj IU U Ii l'CCUJj .U'JUli;C?, All' CJt( OlILnCUtlVOy I
Executions, and all kinds of Blanks kept on J
hand and tor .sal
Oicc u; stairs in the old Plymouth Hotel.
ÄÜSU.UCO!;n TV I F.MOCItA T, T
a, il JJivll uii III. ft. L):eks:n piopriH
fillAHLE'-i I'AL.MKII, Dealer in Dry Goods,
J Roots & S!,oSS. Ha, 1 v.tre. Queensware, !
...-caries, and Hats oc Caps. '
- G OSBORNE. Alt
orney cc Counsel
dor at Law. Office nn
fyi J. W nEN.VHTT-S office nt h.s ren-
1d-nee tnree door3 noith of Edwards'
J. V RKXNKTT-S ofT.ce at his re.-i-
ölETivADaTe in Dry Good.
OGrocerio. Crockery and Heady made
tothiiu; corner Lopoüe V Mich, streets.
RItOWNLF.E & CO. Dealers in Dry j
y Goods, Boots Shoes, Ready made!
Jiothinv Hardware Se Cutlery. i
and dealer in Drugs Medicines, Oils, j
!aints &. Groceries, east side Michigan street. !
4 VINEDGR. Dealer in Foreign and L'o-!
A . WMr,c CreiiM n,l Provisions. east '
ide Michigan !tr et. 1
L. IMAmChair Ä Cab.net maker,1
WW and Ciider'aker. Furniture room in
north room of the oil Plymouth Hotel.
HASELTONV'Manuraoturer and dealer
in Doots & Shoes, and Shoe Findings,
vrest side Jfichitran street.
TOSEPH POTTER Saddle and Harne
manufacturer, corner Laporte and C'euter
GS.C'LEAVELAN'D Wholesale and re-
tail dealer in Dry Goods. Hardware and
Groceries, new building, north side Laporte st.
Ofil.ESnEE .t fto. Dfjters in Drv
uoods urocenes, Hardware, uoois anu
Shoes, Crockery &c; in theRrick Store
ICE CREAM SALOON, M- II. Tibbits pro
prietor, up stairs in Rusk's building.
T: eTWEST E r V E LT & Co. Dealers in
DryGood, Groceries, Hardware Roots
A Shoes, Ready male Clothine Xc.
ERSHTNG V THOMPSON, Vhoicale nnd
It&tnil dealer iu Drugs Mtdicines, Oils,
Paints, Gh'S Glassware, and Gnceries.
P.OWN & BAXTE'rt ManuTact irers of Tin
Sheet ron and Copnerware, and dealers
in Stores sign of Tin shop V Stove.
H. REEVE, Atty. at Law. Collections
j niinctually atteiled to
iu Northern In-;
liana. Lands tor sale cheap.
'jT W. SMITH, Justice of the peace, will
'.VX attend to business in the Circuit and
5 a. Pleas court.?. Over the Post office.
I "!l7sA.M'L. I1IGG INROTH AM, Physician
Xjf and Surgeon. OiTice at his residence on
":, east fide of Michigan street.
'OMN COFGLE, Keeps a peneral nssort-
ß meal of Dry Goo Is, Groceries, Vegetable?
nil Meats of all klds. Cor. Gauo Sc Mich. sts.
DR.J. D.GRAY. Eclectic Physician, will
attead to calls day or ni;ht. Office four
-oois north of C. 11. Reeve's residence.
OLL10TT & Co. Yv"a?on, Carriage &, Plow
1?J Maaufacturers. at their at the
93th. end of the Rridge, Michiga
Tl. It. BROWN. Physician
W ' I n.nmr.11 nil....! , .11 1 T lt. t ' .
DiofesBionl OfTice st his residn,-. snuf h Plvm.
A. JOSEPH. Cabinet Maker and Un
it dertaker. South Plymouth.
DR. CHAS. WEST. Eclectic Physician,
O.Tice at his residence, east side Michi
ga a street.
FAILOR, Cabinet Makerand underta-
1 Tier, corner Center .t Washingron sti.
EDWARDS' HOTEL, Wm.C. Edwards Pro
prietorcorner of Michigan and Washing
3 C. TURXF.tt., House Carpenter.t Joiner,
Shop oa Washington street, east of
Michigan street. ,
A K.. RlliaGS, florae Shoeing and
Blacksriiithinsof all kinds done to order.
Hn9p south eastof Edwards' Hotel.
M ERICA N HOUSE, (.. P. Cherry &, Son
proprietors, bouta 'lymouth.
JOHN SMITII Minuficturei Tof Fine
Cut ti mide i3o,.s. Shop next door north
of the Itrie.k Store.
JAME3 JU M. ELLIOTT Turners. Chair Ma
kera, nnd Sign Painters, Michigan street.
T IL PE JHEIJ it CO., Dealers irt Family
J TX Gn-vjries, Trovisioas, Conlectionarie:
Ac, South Plymouth.
W Et KICK .t I AMSON. II mir, g i.hiid
O nnmental Painte . Simp soulb
rhdc.f the ai-iilse, Plvmnmh, Ind.
En tlio IMnrVefT
WHEAT At the highest market prices
take ft on subscription to tie Repub
L;can, iihrtfrd at tht office. Oct. V.tf.
A LHTTER FROM GOV. REEDER J
Cll lllf. ayprcae'ling Elsrtica Of President fxZ
t lie i'iinilidüU'S. j
New York City, Sent. 1 8th. 1S56.
To the Editors of the livening Post: j
Gentleues: The letter of your cor-j
respondent II., ami your editorial corn-;
inents upon it of the loth inst., teem in j
common courtesy !o demaud a reply. i
Your conespondont tloes not err
r in My.
ing tliat I desire the success of the R-;-
publican party and tli3 election of their ;
candidates, and that lam ready t con-
With Col. Fremont 1 am unacquainted, !
i I have never seen hin, imi bnd any com-j
I munication with him, direct or indirect, I
verbal or written. On the other hauri, !
my feelings of friendship and admiration j
for Mr. Buchanan, as k man, are of no!
ordinarv character and are slrenthened
by years of friendly intimacy and recii
rocnl acts of kindness, uninterrupttd to
this time by a single misundei ssamiing or j
unpleasant feeling; and I w;uM at any .
time defend him promptly and indignant-J
ly against personal at'.acKs upon hi ; r-p-j
utation. I believe, him lo be a mau f
distinguished ability, of high integrity '
an. I Tluhlo n.tin.- s.irn.-.ti I
, , . i u . i.
ded too. in Fennsvl venia bv mnnv tjlit-
- . - - .....
esteem, aijd to v.hm I am urr.tcJ hy ties '
of long cheiished political n:d s ciil in- Free Pute C );:jtii;:tiou adopted by lit r
timacy, und the los of who.-e fiu n lhip i poi )le.
I should regard as a great calamity. Foi ' In the pu'dic demonstrations and pro
more thsn a quarter of a century I have j ceion of the pjity. ! fl.i I h-inners ard
steadily labored w iili the Democratic do ices cont-tiniog brutal ir.-ii'c in rrs
P'.rtv, and never düuhtfd that I should raj p.)i)se to tha aiiah of ''; p. op! f -r
go duiin IT 1 i f a. F, r venrs I h;vc x- !
. n t. k- i . hi "
eri.eu nU btin? ol'"'UMr'
n nomnntion. In Iblb a no Ib-tZ I)
, r ... i . i r . . i. . . .ii
... , ... , ,
of-Iegites of our district, and wus his!
zealous and arJent supporter. On each
occasion 1 was in the National Conrrii
.:nn nno nf ...
lion as ono of his delates.
ti-- , r t i
These ties are exceedingly strong and
Ter cspema.ly with on, whctSjhil!. bv insist s ; V.t
i nidtura,'.v l of a coits-rvauve M, n.: go uvoth- i.r
i&low to change old ha tits ct thor,:ht and C--nr,ress or t! e p
! iT I f I . .... i r.. . .. . i . ' t '. . r . , .t.
'" . 'Vr
,ho convictienn that were urging ma to
my present declaration. 1 1. ve ynght
e,d rgumentä to sive uiysrll
the pain of breaking up rdd assnci-iiiaiis
and alienaiing myself from my oil friends.
J .h 111 vin- '" uuotry
e " hatred of oppress in would not 1-
low my feeling and ii;tiin;.iiai.s eitlier
0 Ue,U' ' j'timent cr still my cor
science and 1 am compelled lo forfeit
my self respect by committing w hat I b-
lieve to be palpably wrong, or eis en-J
roll myself in opposition to the Dtrno j
cratic pjrty. j
I see no reasomhle hope of justice and;
sympathy for the peoploof Kansas in th
success of the Demucrecv. In it? ranks,
m " . -.1
und with th power t control its action.
are found the Uordei F.uflbns o Missou- ly nike.l co opet.iti on of men of all pir j tf ntUd; f .t tint i.ompnimiss wsscarce
ri and their accomplices of lhe South, ties. I hive fVi'ed to enlist iu if, t my; !' uct l,,' 'n '"'"f" il v' -s TtoUted by
who have trampled ujc;i the Cuitstitu- knowledge, a single D-oiocrit. luthj1'"5 lK"'nl I fiki Act. Thus for i0
lion nnd all she essential piincipKs cf I Canvt riirms of Cleveland and Kuti'!.. '''aIS c,,,iM,n ,?)' p-T.ver and
our Govemmelit. ri bl til Kbi.saa of itsioalle.l without .lUtir.rtirm of r.irt v. in ! ' Xu,i,1 " f ? lavery conthiunl. V ho!)
I-' ' - - . . .. - ..v....... i . . a i-.
I our Giivi-imn. i.t n.lil il Ki,ici,a .f iu
civil liberty end rights tf suffrage, Uid
waste its territory with fir? and sword.
and repudiated even tit i ':.zd;cn i self.
In it a platfi rm 1 find tl e ehuueiitif t .
of principles which would it; tLa rope
atoutthe necks of n en for cx-rcis-iug
the cot.stitutictihl rig!:t of r etilioniüC
Longr-ss for a StBte uot eruu.ent, or a
redress of gnevaccs f.ir worse than tlmso,
which led to tüe wiir of t!i Revolution.
j and a declaration stigmatbirg us "repis-
I 'nee to law ttie moderate ai d jotili t
ble self defence of men Ehuuiefuliy and
.nlainously oppressed by rutli in violence
and outrage, beyou.l all huniuii endur
I find the whole party of Ihe rs lion
assembled in National Convention, with
but ous individual I disf nt, exprrssin its
iiiki oai i fif d admiration1' of tin Admii.is
tratiou which has lent itself a8 the tcoljrr
and accomplice cf ail the wrottiis inllic-! ha
ted upon Kansas, and by its venality and j South, where- the grent mass of ibe party ' frf:iicaUy Niillific.-itior.; this failtd. j There biv events .to I ii i v ioi.i o . c o - lt;, , , jp u.f. he emphatically claim
in.hecility bioughl tl.o country to an in - j is 1 1 be found, makes no pretension, us n ; 1 ,U! 'hviile Conventi m, lHe that f j tiuually arising . f which we h!:.,vv i.oi. ' ,,; tjHt South hid just as much liht
testine war. I w hole, to the Hovocp.ey of anything but j 11 ,rtfl'rJ htfore it, failed. The minsps j i3. ,llul f w hioh we ennat sp,-;.', v isl. , r t; (. constitution to uko tlaii
I find all its R-pres'nta'ivts in Con-I pure U .rder Iiumuii.-m. of the pcoplo in the S mth prefer Un-1 any certainly, but of th :,ctu 1, t xisrcni ;P. . Kansaf, as tho North to take
gress, with three individual cxroptions.
in sTreVt. lho:is-g in earnest zeal, by speech on 1
.!! ' . j vole, lJ cover up the iniquities of this
and Surgeon,! Administration and the Durdt :r Ili.lhai;;
1 calls in his 'f f.M..; ..,.1 ... . r.:. :
MsSaOUri. and to Suppress a fair Hives
j ligation of outrages which shock both
humanity and republicanism, and defy
the Constitution ami the laws.;
I find theße soma leprecutativ, af;er
the truth was elicited in suite of their
efforts, still refusing to relieve the peo-
pie irom a coda tf Iiws i npised u;o n be his own j r v;o f.-inss His off:. . -them
by a foreiga army, and still rrfuini Lt V, s;m m. in Kai was at.d elsewhne.
to admit them into the Union, onlv for !
reasons which, ir. the cases of nina ex
istir.g Staler, had been declared imutu
bio and of no account.
I find them disiegardirg a Fre& Con
stitution adopted in a I gal, Constitution
el and time-sanctioned nminer, (hind
which no man cur. doubt to fmve rflec-
; ted the will of the people.) and mi; port
ing n law to produce a substitute, which
it is essy to show would luve perpetua
ted in the State Government the usurpa
tion which had by force already se z-d
upon the Goternmnt of the Territory.
I Cud them refusing to on ho apt ropti
ations for the army, untere that army is
to be used to eufoire a code of law vio
lative on their fuce, of the Constitution,
enacted by a Legislature iu violation cd
the laws of the United States. rad im
posed by foreign force upon conqueiul
and suhjiigated American citizens.
I find them, in a word, steadily abid
ing by a 1 1 their Congressional action to
make a Slave State in Northern latitudes,
and that, too, against the will of its in
habitants. I find that one Member, vrho'more lhan
any oth-r s. od out e. gainst the enslave-
meats f his white fellmv -r itu.T.s, is re-
fused a renooiiriatinn by tha Dtmocrutic
ptuty of this district.
I fiod ii ihe canvass now going on that
ihewholi tone of thsir prty press is in
the sma direction. When the first
startling intelligence of die. o-.itMes in
lvinus reached the States, their editors
denotmcpd the f jl wran in terms of fit-
ligri'itioii. It was but a spasmnd-
ic tilori, how ever, an 1 in di fence to the
South and the piviiii. EvtUirncnt -f
the pnrty, they hü ve dropped off, one af-
ter tha o'thernniit now, s tar as I hav
been able to srertir, there is not a Dm-
ocratic paper which litres b ldly to j'.is-'
tify end defend the Frie Sin'.e party, hik!
denounce their invaders. In place of
encouragement and sympathy for their
outraged fellow-citizens fror.i th? North,
there is little else thin jeer and ridicuV
fir :!i"ir npprt t-sed and Eun'rin. cou'Ü-
lion mir-pM ?-r.iiti'in of their mo'ives
in.J con luci. tnd a pretf r.f'el i tu:re .! : 1 i t y
of th Ftdtfmrtits nd appi!s whii
the snri their bieti.a-n of ti e Elites.
I iiud t!,;;ir penkejs exuihiiir.t; the "
rnr:- .:i! it --oma of tlim ignoring the j
questit-n entirely; others of th'-m treat-1
in, it v.ith pervers'ons. r.iseprp?en tn-!
ti-,..- ..,,! ,
. . . , e . ,
or.eiiiv tne skU of the nnrrcEsnrs: hut no
... w. iu.im un vv, iudj, uil l:iu-i. il lllltl-
st. or favori:,.-- hr-r Kd.-.iision tutJer th?
i.ri.t.-rtiim i. ..
t i .
tei,.:r-d, to prepai--- iL
. far a con-;
! j r.!-ci'ou
-d r-fu-ai of j'j"
a r im t io.s
'c. ;. !i 0'ilrage
all I op o !;-
I find 'ill
portion cf the Dm.
j . T Ii l U
i rn.i u
Ol tiv .'mf;1!. .
. ' o
i. . r
- - . i . -i
I S i
t ;;l '.
i''i'is ni "
to y Triioiiil Hv.s to f -.r!,id it or
j xoItIm it. D nou mic: . jucj.ruta live.?
j from IVui.sy.vdui even, in t!i euate
UnJ th lluus. hold and piociatm th.-se
opinions; while other llf p.rescul'iti v s I
lnin Pennsyl vsnia, with D'iiit orntic j
leaders fram other 5,t;itcs. declrco them
j ! v s
'il.iicdy ti i'e n o n -c: io.ii i t led up-
,,t this heti sv; the ir,eviuh'e t.ney d
hirh. it i
s easv to show, wi
U bj to -ire
vent almost entirely the formation of fcii
mere Fire States.
IU vii.g originated a movement m) s-If.
lo 0"r people by e- uJing them men
.-üd moi;?y. and having prosccutel il
with the strictest avoidance of party I 1 iiirovery was canton,. -j on
ilnnrl.r.nrt. etiitiol nrnlr-i!l' .kiJ1'1" HltlUOt I'roVleO 1 1 1 1 IbZO, Wlie.ltt
the political canvas, and having n.. c- -j
O'MI M.l' 1 .M:.i Ul V , I r- r . .1 1 1 . 1 tll.il l i U 1 1 ". I
, ..r ,.t.. :
j uriher,.-e of this enterprise, th.ru . .s
un Demorrdt present but tnys'lf. This
Unnnol have been from any want or grn
rcMtv or of mans. but enly in rlefr r -
j cure to the prevailing tono and eutimnt
of the party v.hich 1 enlisted upon tl e
i other side oif tl c nurstion. And' not c n
lybae they nl stained from niding the
iu..vM.eiif, but in t
il ir piivate iiifu rpf
h-ir presse Mid by
:l they h..ve Mi lo.v
. red iociipph and Ktrird ii h s .n:.il
i hi H, wnrn:: li t c s: r.-.wnity
s treasonr.l ', hi'1, u.cl.rii
i uioijey w ould he m i op'i'' 1 thus en
tn Ie.tv or.n; to
p.revfi t i oioribuiions
even ff. in friend.; of ih. nie:iure.
- ' . .. .. ... .... ......
I uiight go on v.i. h this latHicguo find!
enumerate other indications, if necessary,
showing that the prevntliti-tune o the
rty is hostilo to Kir.sas; but I consi l-j uho Cvuli ' emrtly, or as he called
it only i!ssny to fold flint what l x" s:,'el.r to lh insii tutious of tliy South,
ve siid irW.ti hut to the North. Tht!,,ul 111 ?Uii he ulifd Sl?l4' or.
What. then, have Ihe Free St ito men
; of Kansas expect from n Democratic
Administration, even if presided over bv
: Mr. liuthaiion? If he cou'.d be left tü
i - i.r- - :.. i r,'...i i i.
iiCi UpOi. i'19 '-""o liupuiars. uinnun i
exiernal iiilluence.s. ard free, ir-un
pledges and cbligatious, expressed ni d
implied, the case would be very diff r
ent. lint, uiilortunauly. this is iot so
His ele:tion would lirhtfinlv b's cmis.d
U-reda liedsioi. urainsi us. whitever n. .v
ou'.J iii-i cssaril v, to a large extent, be
ti o d with our enemies.
lion would come thiot.gh a tiistor-! Wl11 ,l0t be IrcU-J and plaroa in roxver.
ted ineiiuni; and Hsily, he could not ' m"kl,!S a naw ra m the history of this
aid us without hiving first mido up his t tM",:rJ'-
mind tube abandoned and warred upon j Twi f(,cfs of ' ar" apparent
by his own p.irtv. The S uith would ; l''irst' lI,!lt f" ' rent ot Freedom has
charge him with violation his pledges, j b 'u constantly deepfning outl extenl
and tut ii upon bun w it), ihe bitlerpst bos D" 1 Member, thtasit has exleud
tility, nii't at Unsta portion of th? North-i1"'1 'tX PwWer s u f ,l iuereasing
ern D. niocracy would fallow tlieir exam- i 1,3 I'"lilicril threats and pcijoiial crsecu
pie. He would I hu- be It ft without u ,ol!S-
party lit support las A iniioistrutiou im -
less he ih.ail.i ,a-t huiis! into ihr arms
ul the Ji' i.,,'i".i,i, V.e cannot, it nations wero made. In the effect of
eeftns to no-. i . !.or :? -k or ex pect h: ni to j thesn nominal inns politicians have been
do this cp. n a ipo-r'io.i wl t it party lines ' greatly deceived. Th romance, cotir
are so plainly .t . .v - u before his c lei lion, j sh ml genius exhibited in Fkkmont, ar?
Like nil other in tl.e fame siiu ition. far more than & match for tl e old Feder-
tie must obey the party settlement on : nlinn or eouservii ti ve characlt r of Ilic
whi.h he is Ktcd. That 'here are.iiANA.v. In lhe former there whs overy
Dii crats in IV rn.y Ivar.ia Unre full thing lo tin the rtfiVctious of the pro
of indignation rain-t ihr- conduct of the pie. In the latter, nothing
South in repaid to Kmsas I mn well So commenced the cainuss. The elec
iware, and that they would me their in- lions iu the South developed the consul,
ftueuce lo redress her wrongs I am well idating streootl, r,f sre oliarchv
satisfied; but they are loo few in propor-
lion lo the whole party of the Union
sustain bis Administration hi a wur with
bis party. They have 3 yet been t'n
ba to make their opinions appearand
be fdt in tl.e party, and. of course, can
not d.i so here fter. I hmor their p,nod
intentions, bit t I cannot believe ia their
I rcpes t that I ha ve
I-" firced to
these ccnc'.usimis afier no sütht sirnrrrle !
with my f eiinps atid ir.üliaatioüs.
Sho A l Mr. Du-, lunan be trlectd. r.;ul his
a lininistrntion be diilVreitt from
my j-idnieni comp-is ti; to
shall .live it ir.y cordiol apiuo'.ntion. and
my U eblc thoua!, wi!li:.-; typrt. As I
bdteve now. 1 mint vru- the Ddito-
critic p i r t y s fully cotmniitod to South
em Sectionalism, toward which, far Mine
tune p?st. it liaa bee n ra picllv tfndinr;.
and I q-iit it. well ns.-ured that my duty
to mv tc.niirj d-tmud? at my liands this
sarr.ü al .fronil fc-'iirg.
Vi-rv trul v your;.
A. II. r.EEDEIl.
From the Cm
A COM MUNT ON THE FAST ELEC
UQN, FÜR Tili: liENLITT OF U.UIÜ
Thcrs aie nlways a Jarge flaw of per
Sfiis who aie Ei'fcu!a:ii;i: on th- f.iture
T!i. v v.apt to lr v l ir.v t" t;i t'
" - kU h" ' v J ,l,v l" ' I,K
of s-peeuittiun. Some wart to j;- with i
lue m-j jr.ty, so mi tvv,: to b-.t t v?ry i
bjd rr ciicu iti tmv c -.se. Dj; i-.tth t.
Urge-it r.u o jcr i.;e :!y v.i;.-; i:r!:i!.
their curiosity. To e.tifv t". i.; cu.-ioji-
ty, in some measure. -ve sr.-:l nma a
. ... I
itianiug comment on ths elect: m cf the
f-w j r.st mout! ?.
"T ! r I " k 1 : it r ' t .t...t.T.. . . r -. . 1 !
5,11 ,"r:"')ÖStJ 'Vil11 '! " trye ; I 'dnics
'yi of 'vnnt3- ! -i '-icicc'cfl
me i'Vöi iu. (d.i i una .iüv u:ü'CiiAi(
fur III I l M T tl f ll .f 'I 1 :i t A It : J t 1 ic
' t h J l I)': 1 1 '. i '.: 1 llli:;iiSr::iirf:"!'jii.;:.'nl.!
i o". a iwunj
' i ... . . t v- . w v.'u .1-. ti -
J r- -. . i. ..nt.-.mi.
I v i-r-n i, ?, fMt r'ii..,.. f ..-er . .1
OV. t bV ri 1! T il ' ! 1 1 llH.iil ' ; 1. rlifrent.
rt iiitit is obvious to ctreiul obs-rrcrs.
",'111 to o.:::i';e. it.
ii.te t.:? ti.i.'.-i. n u t r j hatkv.j.vls till
the tide is full. Jt is n ;v r.ixe tho:;
; l'A 11 )' J"' ars glpf e te r-u! s.ye oti'rj.
aroe on tho pn ct pe -
; l,,r aholiiiw.i of slavery in the
j l)l l,:i"t (, C'-li.ml ld nnd the Tc:i;cri:s.
i( W 3
euij.if .1 to ico ct t;.e
lions w: 1 1:. -nt i
Tho ri- ht of
vo3 iiiurr.phatit by
4,t S rx -r.t-us ot jnUs
He i nc
u.vi?. i .. i :i i rov' rc y con
Uui n in
! ol'lt-riM'1 1 ' "n-iex io:c.is. r,.j its f;n
ial sll,"rR. w.u. . r..y ited t:bt years
' ,r0i" i x ; Ilevolution to the an-
! I"'x,;iui1 'Ul Tois wr.s scarcely
j c,OSt:a b:!fo, 'xitan War added an
I miv.ense new territory to the country.
I.. ..11.. . . -
lxev' 'npr...nis vdrt nt r.th-r
M Xteosi n of slavery
j ' ih,i 1. I-arlifS triad its best to keep
j tMl,i oul ' l '?.Hi:iz.itiou. or:
i s'ine Sr,UllJ 'f,u' assumed 1 y sut-h
j Uirn as ihmte. CAss. Fiumo-.e. erol
! :Ila 1 was f'an-roi s to th,-U;-
i Ti"-V hi f.ih '', how -M r. nr. I ou-
' l' s",CCP1',lt li ,c5il 'ff tin ir lnllu'Mue
, n,'rj t1;'31 'IOU 1 !''. hecauso
' V" of fidoni or fwvilu le is vitül
! ' hiimnnity, nnd the rlrm-nt? involved
,'1 ,l ,e iininja.iisii'.i., wtM ot i me pow.
. : .... . . . , i ...
pK.-iui.-v. i. .o j-i iiiitori oi
tbut the;ri,rPt,ul 'ae uuea oi-ocean uu a
I . 1 . t
sweep oui ine HUeS
a . .nil l. lll'.c Li'ilUi ('IM II III Or
j observed that the Anti-Slavery party h
. -. .
"t"'""""? lii'Jormi'J menus
lHS iU lre.igth. Tins fact w ,:s dearly
f'n predicted by Mr. Cu;,neX.
,lM1 ami lj:UC,,y l iavory and Mate s
; 'ie dCt 's the Anti Slavery
; "jr,,t continued Mpldly to ri.e end
8111-nsili, The riiiht cf retitiin
6treimin. ire ri"ht cl petition was
t .. .n.l (' t' ...1 L? - - ..ii..
' r'- yJ"'iai ' . , '.V
S M -r. , --.ty were a:4n:htUlr j in lbl3.
Iu- W Lo; piity was broliCr. u;;; and the
..i -. a, o i power, ine Pr,bSi
'i i ic ..-Li hrl Tiiirl nii!f in il.n ilic.
' 3 iOutlm otlifr haul, it li.ti.o.t Le not
- o.u .:ol the Deniocriticpaity of the! .k.t,ei,t u 0,iy p,lols U,, r0;itroversv.
.,o th. the year 131 saw it defeated I Thß ,)ftt,,e lf Freedom will last whfle
oiouohout the Free States; and now, a . lhe fXleuwu llf Slavery is i. f.eu.ptcl or
is ut lead doubiful whether a Fj sident j t;.. e.,.., ,.(
! minated on the pure basis of Ficeuom,
I Such was Ihe cneral tonditionof th
j controversy when the Pie-.ide nti.il nomi -
in favor of I'cciianan. The cry of dia-
tonion, treason, end every other nord of
f dly and timidity, and of bully ing. wes ! hive puh-d. the inquiry by suggesting
hurlal forth to orerco.v.e th? fricn-.Is of j iat the prty cited m.ide lhe Crmsiim-
Freev!r.:n. Ti.en came the t-Iections of ; uoa '. -t rry skvery in itsrmple folds to
Iowa, Vermont and Mahi; sc itierinx the ! ls"i:-of cur T. rritori. s; wl:ichha
whole mist of delusion which p'.!itKi-n i:ivar"nb!y hsc-n mrt by exl.ibilicii? of hü
had artlully raised. The truth h.pl ; sier and th c.i.arg- that we were blander
raanv, and brings others to the slow nnd ' g ih ltnocrutis jiariy.
j painful conviction that the Dem!cratic
party of the INor'.h is diss'dvod and iv.clt
j cd into a ti'thticr prtyof t!'j pf-op?
I TheeKctions of ta- Froe StHfs r.r.
i hüut ver, vuittet fully i;r.et?:ood; nnJ
' we give t!:o t'oliowir.g f-cts (ar the con-
j siJeriticn of thcp Im v.--t.M !, ton-tou hv!iiSfi.ys it is thsr?.: Hundreds
j know "ow il goes." Li the fo'.law- rs ,y it i: t;ue. The Kansas
j ins' figures, we pluce under the 1-cad of: L gislatuie -ästd the ldor-.:irst cods of
"opposition" not otily of thi Deir.ocr'it,
but the Whig ticket, or any other not
polled for J'e j uhiicans. The result for
l!ie twokst years, ia iruijorilies were as
Repub O,ipost. H-nnh. Uppcs'n.
I u crease of Kepub. maj.
T' e e ii ti ; e vote of 16" J,
Thj eu'iro vote of 1S-'G,
Ii.cr: uf m'c
2 J-') CGÜ
22 j.er ct.
CJ p?r cent.
13 per ce!:t.
iwepuylictui m-'j. m
on tlu who.e votrt
?k? jmhiican :n i,i löö
on t::. v.,i
: . of t
i. on ih .1
w h Ie vot;. 14 d do
We hive. then, there feci3 devlored
; in these Suit s, not conti-uuiii to one
j l'irt,t. That iho tvholc vote is pji allv
! - - 1
Secondly, That lh; Rep-jVican mjor-
i ty is eihr,-ed in reaily cmiil mi io.
Jirv reasü;n:i;j froai U:o o;ny Nets r.ejto prulait tiavery Irom going ir.lo any
U n 1 . . 1 i , . 1 1 ! K I I . : t r r t r i- !! vr.!n' t'ti'.it IIa nrrrtTi-ll
i -, r ' IV. . . i . 1 T:, .. ; i ,, : ! '
i i sii ju" 'tout 1..0 T ee oiHies. l ii ii w iii
i i in u u j i - ij i Liu i il r ;.J i. j iitii i i i m iii
l.. . -v- ... T' .i ..1 ...l .1. .-...i.
11 & J III if .V iHldJ.U I- II 1.1 Ili.J .-'Oil
i W ?:f .r c o r, - r r : - r r m tri f'.n.Kt
; Uut it is sit ). and that fr-?;! to ho the
oislv fdct w o.thy of car.r-i 'er-iiou in thip
j tjjKxt of ths case, th'.t the runnint; ct
ia Fillmore ticket in New York. IVoi: i
j vnia, Indi'ma, &c, wil cause sofa.
; diversion to licit tie. Unthantn tl het.
J Let uj try thi. by th out y s'öü i.r.i w.-
have p-.st f-iets. No j ;- ol t !.- to :i
i hi 3
b. i n ifld i :i h:
. I V.:'. si
:; ! I i'i! ! ;
wl.en th.) Ao'.i .-h
1 n rt
r! , r . O"
V : H l
i .itid liiiiio. o.i
p:r cvut., la f' :d.
." v. o
Fill ni' ie
V tf u I
half that, or ev- u -im-thir I. ev. n it
tnken from ths Ami Shivrry side, which , v!:ii r -ht has Indiana to S3y thr.t Gov
ts impossible. We feii; ose '.Im; in i a.i i ri. jr A hi u, of South Carolina, shall not
tho vote of I ti J i in will ttaud soiaethiii j hsii his 3 hOO slaves lo Allen county
like this: io loofiow, tiiul hold them here in per
Whale vote, 23.1,000 i.-tuil bon I.---? None, clearly, emphat-
Uenublican vote. 100 000
H.ir:h ilioii vole,
Fillmore vole, ö.UtJd
If iae Film--re vot be doubled it wiil
ni-il " na d i iV' t :;..e in the p suit.
The f in'- prior i '-.ies of cilculation uii!
;ivc the K--pu'jiIojos 1-J 000 I'oijoriiv iu
Peunsyivuni-i. an i 30,(,D0 in Now York.
LJut hero is another view of tim Hiat
ter. What light have we lo suppos-j SUch a decision, Jm;ge iiaue (Wheeler
thut th great current of public opinion rs. Williniuson) decided that a slavehol
will ct-3so to run belwecu this cud No-, drr had the light to hold his slaves in
vember? Tho tide is still r:.-in. and it ; tun.-itu in a Irto State. And the Su
is p3r,"vc'.ly certain that th.e m jority for : i r, ni Court in fiVct. decided that a
Fremont in the St itcs mer.tioncd will he j t.üd born in a free Territory ihe moth
greater than it w-ijs for the Stute tiok'-t. J ,-r Isiu;.; tlu ie by full consent i f th?
Yv'e luve thrown together theso f:icts j maslt r c.jUj a h.,!d as a slave,
is Ftigcfestive materiii for lho:-e who iv-, n.it the Lh i.u .cratic pr.rtv. os if fear-
i -How roeS the bittle?" Iu K-ö I wH
( Infi n iiiiirur.-il .iili.V!.rr. tLi i. ww i t-
..-.v. ............. . ......... ....... . j '
iu the Fiee States. Is itlikfly to le
j . ----- -
out of view, the Ke publican maj mty
j 0 or Funhanmi in tho Fiee Stales car.
;.irl!y be less than three hundred and
fifty thoutaud. and m .y te natch m re.
j I,, this stiitonu ut we pro lioi i.oU.in.?.
We ot.!v vhe :he iitcutid uf ch' Jat on.
; current of o; inic:i. we I kvc at io.ist the
e i Jer.co af c
i - nt lio r --r.i 'r.t hr diid'-iiui iv.r !irr- c .T-.I
! cut of existence.
If Col. Fremont le clortfti the shite
controversy wiil pracl u.aily le cn ed.
,urii,er"uitempi will be made at bully
- LVdom into suhmi-ion. Tho L'u
j.ni aiui roontry at pra..-.
. . .
'IUI Uli iiru li u Pllijli iuui i .inn I, v.. i.
TDD CONSTITUTION AN D SLAVL11Y.
Wc had int tided writing an crticlc on
the above subject, but find the following
in the Fort Wayne Journal, oC the 3d
nit., prepare I to our hand. It is a cor
reit exposition of the position of tho
Democratic party at this time, as we
understand the arguments cf its orator
ly what law iloes slavery exist in
is a question we have often ask
ed our Democratic leaders. Ono suys
by no law but if the slaveholder tal;s
his slaves there, he must run his rik of
losing them.' Another says 'Ihe Fugi;
live Slave Law holds them.' Another
say 8 'the compact.' Well, what compact
my good friends? 'Oh the compact;' ui.d
he is so full of "compact that it's nil a
'muddle,' Hut being really anxious to
know what doctrin the f:reat and 'ever
consistent' Democratic patty does hold
upon this deeply interesting subject, we
Freemen of Inulatm! th Democratic
party do miko the Constitution foitci,
i rci ci fc It-allzc it it; :ii -ut territories.
l)t cu wnt jroll Slavery exists in
, K-n.s lo.i'-y; Mnji
: it v.T. 3 ih'r six
or S. Etlsail fats
cara fjio. Wash
i 'ar.s ee r j -it iM"Ui u stninto book, to pro-
I ti ct it t!..jre. Now, ' hoiv nme it there,
j and v.i, ,i i -aiizs il Did the Kansas
! iXehra? k- bet establish it. Its 'true in
tent and meaninj is not to legislate shi
very into any Slate ct Territory. Did
th? peojlc c l K-ansss rstibl'f h it? They
ire prrclu.lrd by tlie organic act from
UiLii;g any Hction uprn the subject what
ever, until they orgatji:e n State Consli
tutiou. "'iw, tuen, is sbvery establish-1
i ... : , i :.. l ti. - i
ni or i'-gui.-".; j:i i. iof: ic.n uiisnti
ooini-8 u;i from every Southern D?iriOcrcf,
witii united voice; 'the Constitution car
ries it there.' And Jcmes Duchanan
will r'-ceive the c'cctcral vote cf every
Sjuthein Stri'e n.s s-junl npm this itiier
pretatiou of that s.crtd instrument.
Every DeiiorHtic pip r, cr.l every
DrMiiOcruiic Fpeeker, south cf r.Ias ,n5c
D.Xi'tt's line, claims es the only tre
; int-i pretati-'ui id ttiO C;M:slitutJt n - -
i White th
hol party r.t tho Iorlh,
:e r ii 1 ;,'!, with. -at excep
i papers, s-.rr.ker? pud
j lion, from Cass au.i DongUs down o ev-
! erv one horse oratov ot a cross road, and
dem t Ii J(jj cr sonic
I it; 3
b?;oy; hefMnuirg) up to th-3 Journal of
Coi.imerce,' protest that there is no power
. I r -...1 1 .. t V .. r -. n r. f mtl. P -1 :,,
luu.'t! it. in i lie i.r.'.:e 01 tiuui una us-
i i . ii uii in. - .vi. . ii u ii uLu j u
....... i!.., ...:n ..... v...,i .... 1,
jiii.1-, i.:i., 1 1 UUI a. O I . ;;c I i! 1-Vil.L'I.Iill J
I ! j i I ii iv'iV I ic ti't;-i.:t :t I tn! i.in i I t r nn.
Libit s?'ü: v. ry iu n?.y territory, unless the
! on:itutio:i (stabliehes it there: end if
Ho- C-t.iiitniioii establishes it, what right
ituve the y -o: i- a tnijurity of the peo-
j 1. to exclude it by a Free Ctsts Con
jsii'f.tlo ;! It will not c'o tos'iyt'ntth
i s t ; are overein, rr. 1 cm moui
- ti.eu ow u in.itutioLS rs they p!?e?o.-
i t.eie aro constitutiontd 'inuts lo larur
. - ; -o i ri-'j;!i ty. It is I;ot Oil 'Ufjh that a
. - ' i:.tt (,ui:titution is repubii.'.sn in form,
ii oiust not conflict with the Corstitu
l.ijiiand trie Uniiod states. I-Tow, if the
j v' i.flitiittoit legalises and establishes s'ia
c. j " ', ue t'oe Democratic party claim if
r.ii i'. was ordained to perpetuate slavery
i l all , i. one. Aim it is tleatly the duty cf
, th- Supieme Coiut cf th United States,
al tho tailitst opportunity, to declare the
prohibition of stttvery by the roustitu
!iu:.s of ih-. Northern Stains, 'incpcralive
und void;' hi cause ccufiicting with the
And, indeed, the Supreme Court has
already given it.dicatioos of coming to
in:-, that t line issue before tho Amer-
.-. :!.... .- 1 . .. . ... .1
; 0.0 o i!f p i ! in i o mis uiuiersiooo , a n i
J apparently to put tho matter beyend all
I I. I'ii. Hi . ' I i I. I l ' II tl I il Iii! ..l C 3 I'I' V U II
,t Fiiilä S-jlphia. Sept. 17th. to celebia
Hie .!opl;uuof the Constilution, ni
i tomul- .te their views of it. Ex-Go
Ln;jr ji,llS0!1 xvas the principal orato
; r.f i!,.. day. Ina tpef ch tw o hours and i
u'f wi.ich w.. nceiveil with im
th -ir .X'. a.'
Ff. i in a i f ludiuiial tho issue is before
;.o;: i: is tl.e extrusion of slavery ne
l' ro li; very. Are you in favor of it?
The New Yotk Si n says there is not a
single Democrat iu the North cprosed to
it. If you are in favor of it, vot for
Jr. n;es Luchau'ii. You cnu rely upon
Gov. Wiso sys (and the whole
South endorses it,) that Mr. Buchanan
shows tho cleanest record in favor of
slavery of any tr.au North or South.
This is the issue now, if ycu 6uccerd
iu i lniiug your bipd platform for Fies
idnit, K t ns i s w ill bo admitted as a slave
diirir" (1m iipvt fun T v."n rs ntid th
T. 7 . ' X 7, " ..."' ...,
jdeniand of you, will be, that slavery can
i u ,i ifMiu uiai i.v uuuu.ou iiiojiti i.iii
not be prohibited in any State. And the
next alter that, will be to withhold the
elective franchise, and any share, in the
government Irom the laboiing class. Il
is d .ulcerous, says the South, tu allow
the dirty farmer and greasy mechanic
TIIF VICE PRESIDENCY.
(i'üy. Will. r. Jcliiison Dcrlluing tkc American
FiiTSEiT.c , Fa., Aue. 29, lS5ß.
To F. II. liugln, and S. M. Allen
C!miri:iun and Corresponding Sccre
tury of the American National Com
inillte: Mv Di .ai! Sie; Patriotism demand of
the American party its disnpprobation of
the nuasurra of the present National
Administration, as well as the defeat of
those who hate willingly mi cheerfully
endorsed and are pleJged to support its
domestic pod icy.
'Its selection tf agents to, and their
mar.gemet of our affaire at other Courts
hasj istiy rendered il obnoxious to the
condemnation cf the American people.
When tho present Ariministiation assum
ed the couduct of our domestic affairs,
all causes cf- sectional strife had been re
moved. End peace ar,d fraternal concord
xislcd among thj States anJ people of
With a controlling influence cf all de
partments of government, we tie inform
ed by thi admissions and declarations sf
its friends and advocates, that at this
moment discord, sectional strife end an
pry artiution, dangerous to the Yerma-
uency of our cherished Union, have been
brought upon tho country. These evil
things are justly attributable to its action
Our character araorg tho nations of the
earth has been degraded by the announce
ment on the part of its employees that
our Government was unwilling r unable
to control and check t
ings for the possession of neighboring
and weaker nations falsely admitted to
exist among our citizens.
Tha revenues of the country have
b:cn devoted to sustain a wasteful and
exriavagant administration of our ttTairs,
uh:i-t appropriations for the judicious
improvement of our rivers and harbors
have Iren rsisted and refused; a Territo
ry of the United States has been thrssol.i
led and depopulated by civil broils, nnd
wiihn: its borders laws have been enact
ed and othe:s adjudged to exist ind at
tempted to be enforced by the Govern
ment that are destructive of the sacred
rights of a free people.
To restore the Government to its le
gitimate purposes to preserve the Un
ion end Constitution from dissolution
and destruction to te-establish the high
reputation of our country abroad for fdr
dealing and just action towards other c
lioüs to devote our surplus revenues to
national improvements required for the
security of commerce and lLo safety of
travel to prescrvo to free labor the
vast and frriile plains of Kansas in obe
dience to the compacts of a purer and
wiser generation to abrogate unjus!,
iyranical and wicked laws, and to pro
tect the citizen against the odious doc
trine cf constructive judicial treasons
would eeem to be the dictate of rational
patriotism and enlightened humanity.
To effect tho entire condemnation of
tnese monstrous abuses and usurpations,
the defc-t of the nominees of the Cin
cinnati Convention is en admitted neces
sity. To acccrup'iish this desirable result,
united action must be secured among the
opponents of the nationaUdminietr&tion.
Lelieving that the American party,
whose candidate for the Vice Presidency,
I becamaby the action of the New Y'ork
Convention, coincides in these views,
and that their candidate for the Presiden
cy will carry them into effect, and feeling
that ii has heretofore made every effort
ibat the correction of these wrongs de
manded of it, to secure harmony of ac
tion among the opponents of the nation
al administration, and convinced that it
is still willing to place upon the allar of
our country's welfare all its preferences
for men, and knowing that in the event
of success its sacrifices and exertions will
be respected end regarded, and with a full
kno-.vlfJge that in all its actions, it has
been nn l will be controlled more by t
desire for the public welfare lhan by
any swllish or partisan tnotivfcf I (j0 n0
hesitate to appeal tu its patriotism, that
for the snke of the cause'' and for the
removal of all grounds of disaffection,
my name may bo withdrawn as a candi
date for th; highly important office with
which the partiality of my friends, un
deserved on my part, has connected me.
If this is done we shall hate the proud
satisfaction of knowing that so far es
our party could control etrnts, no cause
for distraction and dieention can be
charged upon us. Should lhe Commit
tee decide that it pesstsses no power to
act in the premise., I shall consider it
my duty to assume the responsibility cf
did aring this letter a withdrawal of my
name from lhe Ü6t of candidates. It
may be excused in mo, so lately honored
by your confidence, to venture a fw
words in defence of the conduct I shall
pursue as an individual citizen and mem
ber of the American Tarty. I shall tote
for Col. Fbemost.
1. That he is honest, capable and faith
ful to the Constitution-
2. That he is the nomine of the New
York Convention of the 12th cf June
3. that he disapproves of the measures
of the present national Administration.
4. That ho favois the adrr.ision of
Kansas as a Free State, and istitleily op
posed to ihe unjust aud cntt-Uej nblican
lavs therein ruueted and attempted to
be enforced; laws and judicial decisione
disgraceful to civilization and humanity,
ai d repugnant - to the great character of
5. That ho will administer the Got
erumcnt with the energy and wisdom of
our ebtlieit Presidents, favoring no one
section to the injury of anothernnd with
out doing violence to tho interests, tigh's
and consciences of any portioa of nur
0. That an American by birth, a IV
rs'nnt by education and trainin;, i
great principles of the American p; v
may safely be intrusted to his k
and dircctii n.
7. That ho is the most available can
didate before the people to carry nn elec
tion against the present National Admin,
istration and its nominees and platforms.
Should any member of the Americti
- r ,