Newspaper Page Text
oart ]e tnto W&,cnrd
----=--- ... -
W. H. BUCK, - - Editor and Proprietor.
J. J. HEALY, Local Editor and Business
By declaring that he does not want to
go to heaven if there is any mathematics
there, Talmage is placing himself in
antagonism to a very intelligent, and, we
may add, a very dangerous body of men.
Let the long headed mathematician of
this generation once attack the parson
with their massive arrays of figures, and
he will try aloud for two or three Brook- t
lyn Presbyteries to fall upon and devour
A popular government, founded upon
the supposed intelligence of the people,
and adapted, so far as human forethought
can provide, to meet all exigencies, must tl
occasionally fall short of its purposees.
It is virtually impossible for human wis
dorm to forecast and provide for every
question of general interest that may
arise. Had it been possible, the fathers
of the present government rf our own
happy land would of made a finishnd job
of it. Their efforts have met with general "
approval, but on some points they were a
little mistaken, and hence sectional broils
and local disturbances, and that late up
heaval that converted thirty-five million
people, who ought to be fraternal, into ti
a ferocious mob-self devouring. But in
the days of peace the American people a
recognize the supremacy of law-and
routine-and red tape. Failing to see c
this fact, a large number of our cotempo R
raries have made a radical mistake in tl
discussing the case of William Hines' P
breeches, This case has engrossed the
best intellectual efforts of our army
officers for several years-ever since 1876 a
-but has not yet exhausted professional t
resources. It ts now before Congress and P
has been for some time. Before plung
ing into the innermost recesses of "Hines, tl
pantaloons, it is incumbent upon us to P
say that the case has been treated with i
levity by the American press generally. tl
It has been so handled as to cast a bifur a
cated shadow of ridicule upon the Govern h
ment of our country, and so undermine
or weaken that resource for our institun d
tions that is essenfial to National harmony n
Now' the case of Hines' tronsers, on a
which so much hinges, is this, In 1876 d
private Win. Hines, of Company F.,
Eighteenth United States Infantry,
(now stationed in Montana) was doing
duty with his command at Aiken, South
Caroliina, engaged with other loyal
members of said company in keeping P
order in that neighborhood. One night "
while he was asleep his tent caught fire, a
from no carelessness or neglect of his own, c
mind you, and his trousers were "dama n
god to their full value. " (Quotations
official.) A "Board of Survey" was P
called by the commanding officer, and r
the full value of Hines' loss was estimat 0
ed at $8.65. The department comman- P
der ordered a gratuitous issue of a pair of tl
breeches to private Hines, and hence the
fuss commenced. To understand fully
the aspect the case presented to the De- r(
partment commander who made the first e
blunder, it will be seen that Hines, after P
the loss of his pants, was in no condition '
to hunt the Ku-Klux of South Carolina, v
much less to appear on dress parade or re
attend the weekly ministrations of the reg a
imental Chaplain, and prompt action
was necessary. Just here commenced a u
little bit of routine that ought to meet Ii
with the approval of every conservative P
mind. The accident'was reported to the 0
sergeant, who reported it to his Captain, `
who reported it to his Colonel, who "
reported it to brigade headquar- ti
ters' from whence it was sent to
the commander of the department.
The latter ordered a Board of Survey to E
estimate the damage, with the foregoing
results. It took a First Lieutenant to '
preside as President of the Board, and a
Second Lieutenant to act as .Recorder. h
After~this Board had sat on Hines' trous
ers, so to speak, it reported favorably to a
new issue of pants to Hines gratuitously,
or at the expense of the Government. A
new pair of pants werev thereupod issued
to Hines. The return of the issue was
made in due course of array regulations
from one officer to another, till it reached C
the Quartermaster General, (ieneral
Meigs. General Meigs disallowed the
issue of Hines pantaloons for want of the
approval of,the Secretary of \Var, and at
this point the price of the breeches stc od
eharged'agaiust the pay-roll: of private
Lines. And just here a new phrase l of
the contest begantl between the arch-f
conspirator Hiiuesa, who sought to immo.
late the fortunesd of his country on a pair
of army trousers, and the loyal hearts of
oak who guarded the National Treasury.
lines' Captain, abetting his subordinate,
wrote to the Adjutant General of the
United States Army asking permission of
,he Secretary of \War to credit ifines,with a
the cash value of the article. GeneralI
Townsend, Adjutant General, returned t
the letter through Department U'cadquar
ters calling the Captain's attention to '
army recgulations and general orders, &c. t
While this official document was on its
way through the gauntlet of pigeon holes
General Buger ordered his Adjutant o
General to make an endorsement to The I
effect that ther was something defective y
in the eriiaa Board of Survey that sat 14
on I~es'ra riehes. When it reached ii
the Post Ajetrant he indorsea it over to I
the Captain of Company F and ordered o
him to report the facts. Captain Ll9ydt, t
ot Company F, makes an elabnsate report I,
to himself as Commandant of the Post, -
d sent to the Secretary of War "with the
view of having the case brought before
Congress."' As Commander of the Post
r he appends his own recommendation and
makes another indorsement. The sixth
S indorsement is by General Ruger, who
for the time being held the destinies- of
the South (including Hines' breeches), as
to it were, in the hollow of his hand. Gen.
s Ruger recommends "that Congress be
asked to pass an act covering the case."
The seventh indorsement is by Major
of General Hancock, commanding the De
on partment of the Atlantic. He invites the
ad attention of General Townsend to the
k state of affairs, and General T. indorses
the papers over to the Secretary o' War.
By this time a mass of papers had accu
mulated that would about fill an express
on wagon. Paymasters and Quartermasters
and Post Adjutants and Major Generals
l-t had all had a rattle at the case. The
Secretary of War sent out a copy of all
the documents and inducements to the
is House of Representatives over a year
rv ago, and respectfully requested "the
saonction of Congress for the issue of the
ay said clothing." The documents were
Sreferred to the Military Committee, and
oh by it referred to General McCook, who
ml made a very elaborate report. In this
report the General was guilty of very
ii vnbecoming levity. He commends the
wislom of the Captain and all others in
authority for preserving the dignity and
to honor of the country, arid at the same
in time for preventing private Hines from
ale appearing on parade in a pair of trousers
nd "damaged to their full value." The report
gee closes with a high tribute to red tape, by
eo which "a system of checks and guards are
in thrown around the issuing of Government
,s' property." The Military Commi:tee then
hintroduced a hill idemnifying private
SHines ($8.65) which passed the House
and is now before the Senate. The Mili
al tary Committee of the latter body bent its
nd ponderous intellect to a review of the
whole subject, and reported in favor of
the House bill. It is reasonable to sup
to pose that sometime in the far distant
th future the bill w:11 receive the sanction of
ly. the President. The printing in the case
r alone hs cost the Government several
hundred dollars; but the Goddess of
ve Liberty, as she balanc s herself in the
tu. dome of the Capitol, can lay the flattering
iV unction to her bronze soul that she pre
en sides ov·er a nest of old fogies that would
76 do credit to the circumlocution office of
y, THE JUDITH MI1 NES.
i Nothwithstanding the severity of the 2(
preseit weather, and the fact that the a,
winter season is now well under way, there
appears to be no abatement of interest or
confidence in the future of the Judith a
a' mines. On the contrary, although actual Ir
work was suspended some weeks ago, p
s parties continue to arrive with favorable L
dreports from the new gold district, and
our merchants continue to outfit new
i_ parties arriving from different parts of th
the Territory and bound for the embryo h'
mineral metropolis of Northwestern M
Montana. As it is now settled beyond a at
reasonable doubt that Yogo contains gold N
enough to support a large and permanent th
population, it is safe to say that the trade t
with this place next spring will become a to
valuable addition to the commercial ai
resources of Benton. Our merchants have m
r already realized well from the traffic so T'
suddenly and unexpectedly opened, and 26
a next spring if there should be anything 9E
e like astampede to the mines, the trade will W'
te probably be limited only by the ability of
our business people to furnish the re- th
e quired goods and supplies. Such an event, s
we venture to say, will more than double el
the size and population of Benton before Vi
the close of the coming year; because un- SI
like almost all other gold excitements oc to
o curring in our Territory, this promises to Pe
bring with it a large number of people to
who are now looking towards Montana n<
with a view of establishing permanent
r homes, and who will follow other pursuits
besides those of mining: We have stated
a in former articles, that the Judith country
is probably the finest stock raising and
A agricultural region of the ;Territory, and
Sthat the ,only 4obstacle to :its immediate
settlement is the presence of hostile
Indians. If a mining town were once
-d established, however, all danger from this
al source would be removed, and the rapid
settlement of the country would soon
follow. Fort Assinaboin, and the new
at military post soon to be established on
)d Frnchman's Creek,, will also give addi
t ional security to the place;, Md the whole
ol Judith country is even now more secure
from Indian depredations, than are many
o. points within the limits' of Choteau county
ir ai"d almost upon the outskirts of Benton.
of Having therefore nothing to fear in this
, respect, the Judith country, with its pros
e, pective mineral wealth, and known re
ie sources, is undoubtedly destained at no
of distant day to support a large, respectable
th and industrious class of people, whose
al purpose will not be merely to find for
:d tunes and then leave the country, but to r]
r, build up homes and enjoy the glorious
to inture already downing upon every por
t. tion of our Territory.
es A young ladies' benevolent society was
,t organized it Bloomfield; in the vicimity of
te Pittsburg, and one of :the benevolent
re young ladies was selected by her benevo.
st lent associates to hold the portemonnaie
4i in the capacity of Tieasurer. When the
to Treasurer was calledi upos in due course
4 of events to make a stateent, she closed
r, the pocket book with a snap, stood upon
Sher dignity, a~d declind to ei: be inter:
its viewed. Te coul4 be but on#
appropriated the funds designed for
charity to her own personal adornment.
The money which had been collected -in
meager sums to purchase red flannels
for the heathens of tropical Africa, or fans
and mosquito bars for the Greeulanders, I
had been lavishly expended in silks and
ribbons for this Treasurer with fashionable to
inclinations. The sagacious member who 1
made this startling discovery did not C
squander her moments in demanding an
iuvestigating committe, after the mannert
of men, but she hastened to an Alderman u
and preferred charges of embezzlement pt
against the delinquent. And now, the
ladies of the Bloomfield Benevolent
Society will quietly discuss this latest
sensation over their tea and toast, utterly si
oblivious of the fact that their erring lx
Treasurer has struck a blow tol women s
rights' interests that will reverberate
around the world, and shake man's faith
in the female sex as office holders and a
guardians of the public funds.
Profeissor Mellard Reade, of Liverpool,
has lately communicated to the world,
through the Royal Society of that city,
some valuable and interesting information
in relation to the antiquity of our globe. o
Geologists, astronomers and scientists, of
all complexions, have elaborated count i
less theories as to the number of ages that b
must have elapsed since the earth "was C
without form, and void; " no two of them i
agree, however, ar.d the public mind is
left in a painful s;ate of uncertainty upon
this momentous question. Professor of
Reade deals with the subject from a cal
careous standpoir:t, and takes the lime
stone crust of the earth as an index of
geological time. According to his esti
mate this sedimentary crust is at least one
mile in average thickness, about one=
tenth of which consists of calcareous
matter. This has its origin in the disin-a
tegration of the primitive roc!k of which aI
the original crust of the earth wa"s formed bc
and must have been held in a state of in
solution. The amount of lime salts in or
water draining gramtte and basa:tic dis- iC
tricts are found by analysis to be on an
average 3.73 parts to 100,000 of water.
From these and other data Mr. Reade is
concludes that the elimination of calca- a
reous matter now found in all the sedi
mentary strata, and the formation of the
strata as they now exist, must hav,
required at least 600.000,000 of years-
more or less. This is his least estimate 1
of the age of the world as we see it to day T
This period the Proiesso)r divides as
follows : lie thinks the formation of the A
Lauremi;.l:. and Silurian strata occupied 11
200,000'000 years, the old red sandstone
.and carboniferous anot!her 200,000,000 n
years, and that 200,000,000 years more
were reqorted to finish up the modern
.;traxti ýiccnti ona "''d pUt the Cani 1 oli h\ oni. a
In hs theory of the antiquity of the earth
Professor Rearde is far ahead of Dr. C.
Lyell and other eminent geologists'
Americans will soon be prepared, if
they are not already, to complete for the ci
honor of being the richesl people in the
world. They are fast gaining the race
and will soon pass France and England. v
No country has become rich as rapidly :is
this in the past twenty years. The last
three United States censuses give the
total (not assessed) valuations of real
and personal estate, exclusive of Govern
ment property, in all the States and
Territories, as falows: 1850, $7,132,780,
285; 1860, $16,159,616,068; 1870, $30,
968,518,697. Between 1850 and 1860 the
wealth of the Umnted States more than
doubled. Had the grain continued at i
the same pace since 1870 the coming
sensus would lput us far a head of France 0
even allowing her to count in the national
oroperty, which we omit. But the known
shrinkage of values in the United States
for the past few years forbids us to ex
pect confidently that this country will a
take the lead in 1880. But if she does
not occupy that rank next year she will
surely do so at a time not remote.
surety uu 5u atu
Saddle and Harness Maker.
OPPOSITE KLEINSCHMIDT'S STOR E, l
Fort Benton, M. T.
Repairing a Speciality.
"THE JUNG LE,"
TALBERT & ENGLE'S i
-NE1 -- f
WINE, LIQUOR AND REFRESHMENT
FORT BENTON, M. T.
Customers- wllbe served only with the H
"Studying the subject objectivelv and from the
educationfl 1point of view-seeking to provide that
which, taken altogether, will be of the most service
to the largest number-I long ago concluded that, if
I could have but one work for a public lijrary, I
would select a complete set of Iarper' Mo3fnthly."-
CHARLEs RANCIS ADAM, Jr.
Its contents are contributed by the most eminent
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HARPER'S YQJNC PEOPLE.
The evils of sensationalterature for the young
are well known, and the #ut of an antidote has
long been felt. This is supnedby HARPERe' YOUrG
PEOPLE, a beautifully il trated weekly journal,
which is equally devol of the. objectionable
features of sensational j nile litterature and of
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We beg leave to inform the people of Benton and the Pulhiic generally that we haI ve jist receiv l from
SNew York, via Cow Isla.nd,
A FULL LINE OF I.N BOY'S AND RIILBREN'S WINTER CLOTRIN
DiOvercoats, Ulsters, and "inter Suits
H rATS & CiAPS, aS CA R E W OO L & BU .K GLOV ES dewA ir T X "S
Cassimire and Flannel Overshirts, California Duck Suits and Underclothing,
HOSIERY, ARCTIC(. OVERSHOES, RUBBER AND LEATHER BtOOTS .AND SHOES c, ~e.. k, . d,
Our Clothing is made by the best of tailors and cut in the latest styles, and our pIrices are lower than ever. I', PV bli. i
respectfully invited to call and see our mammoth stock of new goods and conpare our lov pri'cs.
HISHBERG & NATHAN,
Fort Benton, M. T.
WINE AND BILLIARD ROOM.
CORNER OF MAIN AND BOND STREETS.
SA M. SOWVERS, Proprietor.
Deer Lodge, - Montana.
Bou.ird, per day,........ ....... 2.00
Single Meals, ...... ......... -IO
SAM SCOTT, Proprietor.
LILLY & CO.
,HE FINEST OF WINES, LIQUORS AND
H. J. WACKERLIN
and Dealer in
Stoves, Tinware and Copperware,
A Full Assortment of
Stoves, Cooking Utensils and Copper
Goods Constantly on Hand.
Jobbing promptly attended to
TIN ROOFS AND GUTTERS A SPECIALTY
Cooking Utensils of all kinds Repaired
and made to order.
New Store, New Stock, New Styles, Low Prices
Miss MIARY O'CONNELL,
One Door Below Boyce's New Store.
BRODWAY, : :: HELENA, M. T.
An 1llegant Assortment of Ladies'
HATS, SONNETS, ION0,; LAOCES,
FOIRT BENTON, MON TrANA,
Corner of Bond and Front :treets.
Manufacturer and i Ru ',,- Tops lHara
Dealer in Custom-.s, )al
a I (Saess, IDshes and
ma de 11 iinj -4 etc
and all other arti- , d
cles found in a first Substantiall\ e
class establ i s h- i ed L o
ment. An exami
nation of stock and notice and bedrok
prices is respectful- prices. Gix e me a
y invited. call.
L. H. ROSENCRAN-,
TOBACCO SEGARS AND NEWS DOEtT
I shall endeavor to keep in stock choice
Domestic and. Imported Segars,
Best of Fine Cut & Plug Toba(c-co
CAN1E NITS, TY, eTION, STATIONERY, FlANCbY 000S ICTURE FIRA, E
All the Leading Papers will be found on the Counter.
HAIILTON & HAZLET.,
Old Agency, M. T.,
We keep constantly on hand a complete
assortment of goods suitable for
Rauchmen, Freighters and
rThe Highest Market Price Paid for
Robes and Peltries.
Call and examine our prices before
purchasin ~ elsewhere.
INTERNATIO N A L
RINDA & 8,KL~I Props!
orkfer of Main & Bridge Ste.
G3 w. PAs SU R
FORTT BENTON, M3. T.
WINES. LIQUORS, AND SEGARS
OF THE BEST BRANDS
(DEUTSCHE HALLE. )
Board b the Da Week
MRS. LOUISA BECKMAN
Attends aud does all the Cookinn .g