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ROSS & ROSSER, Publishers:
1 MAYS VILLB, KY.pTHIDAY-MAY G 1864.
VOLUME 2 NUMBER 4 4S
. J KATES OF ADVERTISING, . -
A square ia. Twelve lines of this aize type
jaal te about 100 words or manuscript.
3 o Z.
1 Insertion '
't Insertions -
-. 10 -50 8.50 4.00 8.00 J 5
3.00 8.00 4.60 5.50 10.00
2.60 8.50 6.00 ' .60 16.00
4.00 6.00 8.0010.00 20,00
6.00 7.50 10.0012.50 25.00
7.50 10.00 12.50 15.00 85.00
10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 50.00
-rUBLlSnED EVEET-THUESDAY BY- .
Editors and Proprietors. "
Jl A VSVIf.T.R.
. Waiting by tlis Gate.
. . . - i- t f - -
. . ST WILLIAM CCLLEH BBTANT. .
Beside a znassiTe gateway built cp in years gone
.Upon whof a top the clouds in eternal shadow lie,
"While streams the evening sunshine on fkel
-. wood sod lea, .- ;
I stand and calmly wait until the hinges turn for
The tree-tops faintly nutle beneath the breezes
flight, ., :. -
A soft and poothing sound, yetit whispers of the
'night;' - '
I hear the woodthrnsh piping one mellow descant
more, ' - ;
And (cent the fl -wars that blow when the heat of
.- day Is o'e'i. .';
Behold, the portals open, and o'er the threshold
. I .1 now, ., V . . ; .
There steps a weary one with pale and furrowed
' ' ' 4 'brow; .
His count of years Is full, his allotted task is
' wrought;- ' ' ' .
He passss to his rest from a place that nesdahim
not. ' '
In sadness, then, I ponder how quickly fleets the
- hour 1 ' ' . '
Of human strength and action, man's conrage
and his power, ..-.-.
I muse while still the woodtbruah sings down
the golden day, '.
And as I look and listen the sadness wears away.
Again the hinges turn, and a youth, departing
' throws '
A look of longing backward and sorrowfully
A blooming maid, unbinding the roses from her
hair, ; '
Moves mourn fully away from amidst the young
Oh, glory of our race that so snddanly decays!.
Ob, crimson flush of morning, that darkens aa
we gazel ; ". , ". 'i ? ':
Oh, breath of Summer blossoms that on the rest
Scatters a moment's sweetness and flees we know
. not where; .". -. -'VJ . ' '
; ... . . , .., .-
I grieved for life's bright promise,- just shown
" '' a,nd llien withdrawn;
But still the sun uhines round me; the evening
bird rings on; .- -And
I again am soothed, and beside the ancient
' -. gate, '"V - 1 ' . -
In this soft evening sunlight, I calmly stand and
. wait. '"
Once more the gates are opened; an infant group
. . go out. c '
The sweet smile quenched forever, and stilled
the sprigblly shcut, I w.
Oh, frail, frail tree of Lite, that npon the green
sward strows, - - , ,
Its fair young buds unopened, with every wind
.that blows. ."' 1 '",
6o some from every region j so enter, aide by
.side, V . - .' ' : V-.-" ; ' ..
The strong and faint of spirit, the meek and men
of pride, ' ' ' --
Steps cf earth's greatest, mightiest, between
thoao pillais gray, : M." -
And prin'J of li'-tle feet, mark the dust along the
And tome approach the threshold whoss looks
are blank with fear, - -; ;
j And some whoe temples brighten with joy arc
. .drawing near," ' ' " '
As if they saw dear face?, and caught the gracious
; . ye . . .- : -. t. '
Of Him, the Sinless Teacher, who east for oa te
- die. '" .
: ' I mirk tho joy, the terrors; yet these', within my
" heart, '
V3 neither wake' the dread "nor" the" longing to
' depart; . ,:, ... 'i
JLud, in the. mnshine gleaming oa quiet wood
- and lea, . ..T. ''' i '.
- I sUndt and calmly wait till the hinges turn' for
,:-. me. '. " '
- Apart. - - - "" '
At sea are towing t-hir; "
: ; On -hore ara dreami ng shells, ; ' ! ' ;
iod the waiiipg heart and the living lips,'
1 Blosoema and bridal bells.
t'sea are sails agleannj r':. i .
,j v On shore are longing eyes,
. .And tba far horizon's haunting dream
Of ships that sail the skies.
.tea are masts that nae - -'
,iike spectres from the deep; . . -Oniiaxe
are the gtiosU of drowning cries
- ' :.That cross the waves ol sleep. , .. J ' " "
-'At sea are wrecks a-strand; ," -i . ;
On shore are shells that jnoan,
Old anchors buried in tsrrca saad, '. .
ea-ntist and dreams alone j. .
" Ladies should never put pina In their
xnouibs.. "their lipssboald be rosea without
thorns. -'. -.sti:r.r. . .
,; . i...' r if. i
y': QniKOT.-Kr., April 20th, 1S64,
Gentlemen Editort: v .' .
'While yieMing to nona In firm devotion
to the Union oar fatherscemented with their
Wood, and the Constitution they gave us, I
hare differed widely- from my nnmer
ons friends and relatives, in - your 're
gion, as to the means necessary to preserve
and perpetrate this sacred treasure. While,
in my judgment, they have gone the bread
road, I have endeavored to seek the narrow
and, to myself, gloomy and dangerous path
to my country's life.. Io all my reading,
during this war, I have not met with the
utterance of a sentiment that to nearly ac
cords with my own as the speech of Senator
Bataed, which I clip from the Cincinnati
Daily Enquirer, of Febrnsry 17th, and en
close you for insertion, as I believe it has
not yet appeared in your paper. I make
this request, because I have stood almost
alone, in this region, in refusing to take the
odious test oath, for I had made op my
mind to go to Cump Chase and there die
rather than take it. - Most men will ask for
the reason: -The English statute books are
loaded with enactmenUonthis subject, from
the days of Dlodiy Mary down to the
eventful year 76, Oo the 9th of March of
that year, while Congress were gravely con
sidering the qaestion of our national inde
pendence, the abolished (I had hoped for-I
ever) the practice of sdministering test oaths,
and it has caused me inexpressible rrgret to
see that practice revived and even our Ken.
lucky statute books stained with such legis
lation.oo the freedom of elections and the
conscience of jurors, burely the Lezisls-
tnre had forgotten the iujucction of the
Founder of cur religion, ' Smear not at all,"
for any thing beyond simple affermative and
negative cornea of evil. To trammel con
science and make it bend to the will of
others, 'will always prove a death blow to
freedom. The highest dignity I have ever
coveted, is that of a freemaD io a free coun
try. . No human tribunal can rightly inter
fere with the workings of my conscience.
THE OATH OF OFFICE.
' - ' . SPEECH or
SENATOR. BAVARD, OF DELAWARE,
In the United States Senate, Jan. 26, 1861
Senator Bataed, after taking the oath of
of office, prescribed by the act of July 2od,
1862, asked the unanimous consent of the
Senate to make some remarks personal to
himself, which being granted, he proceeded
to spaak as follows: - . . .
..Me Pbesidist: To the course of the de
bate udob the rule adopted yesterday by
the Senate.! stated that the body having
exclusive jurisdiction .over tho subject, I
should bold myself bound by its action, and
that but one alternative remained if the rule
was adopted: either to comply with the do
cinion or relinquish my seat in . the
Senate. Subseqieot reflection has coo
vinced me I was partially in error. Another
course is open: to submit to the decision
and resign. . . v . - . :
The .; gravest consideration has - induced
me to pursue this last course; and, in a brief
period, my connection with tbis body, which
baa lasted nearly tnirteen years, will cease.
I desire to assign tbe reasona which con
trol my action. .Without any decision upon
the constitutional validity of the act of July,
lbOJ, all tbe members of tbe Senate and
liousa to whom it applied belonging to the
political party with which I have acted
baye voluntarily taken tbe oath prescribed
by that aci, deeming, doubtless, tnat the
constitutional , questions involved were of
less moment and the precedent made let
dangerous than they seemed to my mind.
I could not. but reflect that this unanimous
action of those-with, whom I coincide iii
general political views, might give cause
even to men unbiased by tbe perverting in
fluences of pol.lioal or personal hos-ili'y.
who did not know roe personally, to doubt,
if not to believe, that I declined to take the
oalb for reason other than the considera
tion that in my judgment, it was danger
ous innovation opon fundamental principles
of the Constitution. - - -. "?
'As 1 fcelieved that the law had been pass-,
ed without a full discussion, and a a deci
sion on iia validity by the proper tribnnal
had been waived at the ipecixl sosaion when
I was not present,' I was content to leave
others to their Own actien.and govern min
by my conviction of dnty. 'The decinion
baa now,1 however, been judicially made,
a'ter hsariog my objections to the act and
the ,0-ith It impose, and that decision,
thoush io my belief a dangerous precedent,
is obligatory to. tbe. extent of taking the
oath, as I have already held the aeat for
nearly one year s. nee my re-election.
Sir, I admit that I covet the approbation
of the good, the wine and the reflecting, and
would oot willingly 0901 ra velf to their
censure or. reasonable netic;on ,aa to, my
motives of sctior; though 1 am utterly in
different tn thos calnmbions, ground lest
and vindictive attacks to which every mn
in public li'e, even in les exoited times, la
subjected by personal malevolence or potit
ioarl hostility. But though I desire snch
sppobation. I have never made either opin
ion or popularity my standard of action, but
my own sense of right and duty; mnd I owe
a respect to my own sincere- con viol ions of
public dnty which I will never sacrifice.-
Msny of you are aware that before civil war
commenced, I expressed lully my views as
to tbe coore of action which I thought the
welfare and prosperity of tbe whole coun
tryreqnired after the secession of seven
States. Those .views- differed from the
courao pursued subsequently by the Ad
min istratiotf, and its course was approved by
a majority of Congress, and, iodee bv the
people at large, after their passion t bad be
come exoited by actual war. . - -
. I told you' then that I did not consider
secession a constitutional or reserved right of
the States, but an act of revolution; but a
revolution by organized communities not
jebellion in the modern sense of the word.
but only in its old Roman sense the revolt
of a people. I .told you. also, that in my
judgment, conciliation, and the removal of
realtor even - apprehended grievances or
dangers, and not coercion by armsr. was, in
auch a crisis, tbe true policy of the states
man; and that tbe framers of the Constitu
tion had wisely left auch a state of aGfa'ra
without any provision as one of. those
"mortal feuds" which, in the language of
Hamilton, "when they happen, commonly
amount to revolutions and dismemberments
of empire." ,
1 admitted that secession was a breach of
tbe compact by which the Federal Govern
ment wi established, and that it rested with
the United States to determine .whether
they would and could, by war, compel the
seceding States to repair the breach, or
whether tbe act by which they severed
their political relations with us should be
asseLted to, and a peaceful separation per
mitted. In the hope that past memories and
the ties of blood and marriage, with . con
tinued commercial intercourse, might in a
few years restore those seven States to the j
Uoion; similar lr fluences having at " tbe
origin of the Government induced North
Carolina and Rhode Island, after a year's
delay, to become members of tbe Union,
though the former had in the first instance
rejected toe Constitution, and the latter had
reiUieu to be represented in tbe Conven
tion. - f
I msy be pardoned here for quotisg a
short extract from a speech I made on the
"condition of tbe country," in March, 1861,
as illustrative of my opinions -, before the
sword had been drawn: . . -.
"You may attempt by war to keep the
States uoiud to restore the Uoion but
the attempt wilt be futile. Conciliation and
concession may reunite us; war never! The
power rosy be exercised for the purpose of
uuisbmeot and vengeance. .It may be ex
ercised il you propose to conquer the seced
ing States, and reduce the nation into a con
solidated nation; but if your intention be to
maiot'in tbe Government which your an
cestors founded that is, a comrnou Gov
ernment over separate, 'independent com
munities war cau never effect such an in
tention." i i - .
I preferred then peaceful separation to
civil war as tbe lesser evil, but the Admio
tration and tbe dominant party decided to
rosort to an enforcement of the laws by tbe
coercion of arms, as against an insurrection.
Civil war bas since raged, and its events
and consequences have strengthened my
convictions that the prosperity of my coun
try and the hsppiness and morals of the peo
ple can not bo promoted by its contiouaoce.
To these views an overwhelming majority
of Congress is opposed, and, so far as tha
elections of the putt year cm be accepted as
evidence of public sentiment, that majority
is sustained by the people. It ia true that
new questions have arisen in the progress of
war as to its mode of conduct and object,
and have - produced conflict of opinion
among the people. - ...... .
But on the question of peace even-by
temporary separation if essential tbe Deni-,
ocratic parly with which I have been con
nected is divided, aud many of its leading
and most influential adberenta indulge in
the visionary idea tba". a common Govern
ment, base J on 'the consent of the governed,'
over separate political communities, with
divers fi-sd habits, manners, customs and in
stitutions,' can - be restored and maintained
by the sword, without the abandoment of a
Federal and its conversion into au imperial
and centralized Government.. . S3 though t
not the President of tba United States, or
the Secretary of State 00 tbe 10th of April,
1861, before war had begun, and to my mind
such an idea is a delusion and a mere chi
mera. - ; : '' - .--.- . . .
I have also the fixed Opinion and belief
that the life of a nation depends upon the
preservation . of ita liberties, and not upon
the extent, or its , dominion. . ttan.1mg,
therefore, alrnost alone in this body, I have
lost the bopa that I can longer he of service
to my. country or my State. Never an am
bitious man. the passion of ammtion n3 witn
the a'dvance of life so dimished. that I pre
fer the repose of private life to the embit
tered oontes'a of the political arena iothesa
tempestuous times. . ;: ,
I have lived to see tbe elective rranctma
trodden under foot in my .native State by
the Iron heel of the soldier, and 'Order No.
55 not the people of.Delaware, represented
in One hall f Congress. . I have lived to see
her citizens torn from their homes and sep"
arated from their families on the warrant of
a self-styled .detective, "without any oh irga
expressed on J ita . face, and ' without any
knawn acenser; and then, without hearing
nr trial, these citizens uaniahed from their
3tate,' beyond th : protection or the laws,
into a State in whichuhe laws of 'baUbited
States are rroW neither enforced nor en- ,
f.irce'bl. ; Yet in the. Slate .of 'Delaware ,
the Courts have beeji always open, and at
no period ha there existed the semlilance
of a conspiracy or combination to resist 1 be
authority of the United Stateg.: Such an
allegation ia a groes calumny, and utterly
rrouudleet,' corns from from what, source it
mj.-' ' - 1 r p- '''-' V
And now, Mr. President, the Ssnate of
tbe Uoited States have, by their decision
enforcing an eX purgatory a tui retrospective
tsst oath, repngnant to both the letter and
the prit 0 tbe Consritntion. made a 1 pre
cedent which, in my judgment, w eminent
ly dangerousif not entirely .aubversive of a
fundamental principle 'of ' representative
zovornment. Under these circumstances,
with' my coflstroctian of the Constitution,
havin held the seat. I am' bound to submit
to vour iu licUl decision as 'to" the validity
of tbe act of July, 1862, and have therefore
takn.. the oaih it irjscrib-;s
t can not j
doubt that the prrce leht now ma le will be . tra relief from the imbecility snd.wr'op
followed and yet'I regard alMe'st oath's aa tion of. the present admiautrationXeoitfi
useless and detaoraltziug acu"of tyranny. j CoHStituUoi. . ; - t - ;-;-.w
...... ... Hi. -. . ....v.v, ..- i!V,,;h -;
It has been aa truly aa beautifully said by a
brilliant and distinguished advocate:.
"They are tbe first weapons yonng op
pression learns to handle; weapons tbe more
odious since, though barbed and poisoned,
neither strength, nor courage ia necessary to
wield tuem." . -; :, : i ; - - -.- -
With a firm conviction that your deci
sion inflicts a vital wound upon free repre
sentative government, I can not, by. con
tinning to hold the aeat t now occupy un
der it, give my personal assent and sanction
to its propriety.. To do so I must forfeit
my own self-respect and sacrifice my clear
convictions of duty for the sake merely of
retaining a high trust and station with Its
emoluments. .That will I never do, but.
retiring into private life, ahall await, I trust,
with calmness and firmness though certainly
with despondency, the further progress of a
war which it is apparent to my vision will
io its continuance subvert Republican Insti
tutions and sever the Federal Union into
many arbitrary Governments. :.-. - ?
Among these, wars for dominion will
arise and continue until, from exhaustion,
the different divisions subside into separate
nationalities, leaving not the vestige of a
republic remaining. : If the lessoos of his
tory be not deceptive and valueless, such
will be tbe inevitsble result of protracted
war; for a single .. centralized Government
ever so vast a territory, inhabited .by so in
telligent and energetic a people, could it be
organized through military genius aud pow
er, and be successful for tbe hour, would
not outlive the generation in which it was
I close these remarks with the language
in which a historian of .the Constitution so
eloquently portrays the universal sentiment
of toe American people (aiasl now changed
now) at the .time of its adoption, and the
great object they intended to accomplish
in thus cementing more firmly a Federal
Union: ... ,
"Thy beheld that republican and constitu
tional liberty Mhich with all that it comprehends
ana ail it bestow was not only altogether lovely
in their eyes, but without which there could be
no peace, no social order, no tranquillity, and no
safety for them and their posterity. -
" 1'his liberty they Knew must be preserved.
loved it with a passionate devotion. They had
been trained for it through a long and exhausting
war. Their habits of thought and action, their
cherished principles, tieir hopes, their life aa a
pe )ple, Wdro all ojonJ up in it; and they knew
that if Uiey suffered il to be lost there would re
main for thorn nothing but a heritage of shame
and ages of confusion, strife an 1 sorrow."
. Beau Ileckett on Greenback.
4Mooey makes tho mare go.' Speaking
of money do you ' know that the color of
the national currency ia suggestive of pea
timer I'm ' afraid ef greenbacks. My
mother used to spank me in the spring time
for eating green apples, and said if I did not
quit eating so much green stull It would
kill me I wish those politicians who feed
and grow fat at the public crib would eat
so much of the 'green stuff' that it would
make them everlastingly, sick.
. Greenbacks are tha root of all evil. They
are making war oh shinplasters' that Will
eventually bring interminable annoyances.
And they ara' increasing their forces con
stantly.' With every additional ca'.l for
volunteers, there comes an additional flood
of greenbacks without calling. And the
prices of ail the luxuries and comforts that
the country affords are so mixed up and dis
ordered ,' that,' frequently after you have
purchased an! article, it is impossible to
tell bow much you have paid for it. ' I cud
gelled my brain for six mouths to "find ' out
what I had paid for a find Coat, and finally
I ascertained through a considerable, who
is a particulaa friend of mine, that I hadn't
paid for it all. Such are greenbacks'-'
' Prices ara constantly advancing. Every
thing is advancing, except our army.' All
kiods of goods are goiug up groceries and
provisions, whisky and tobacco, rents und
furnitnre, boots and shoes, coats and dres
ses, fuel and fire-wood, and coal, and ' sala
ries, and gold everything' is rising, and
even Chicago river, infected by the popular
epidemic, has been rising for three-days. ,
Well, let them come. Let the Secretary
of the -Treasury cover the Uuited States
with greenbacks two feet deep if he chooses.
They will- remind -us of othor days of
green fields and verdant pastures, and -all
that sort'of things," and w can -dream' of
spring time all the year. ' There' will be
plenty of greenbacks when you and I ara
gone, unless," io a few years, little politi
cians shall monopolize all the cross-roads
and bellow repudiation from one end of the
universe to the other. ;Let us honor green
backs, and keep thim green in our memory
forever. Chicago Pot. . 1 : ' '-' .
, Washington's Battles. , j ,-...- -
General . Washington, was -at Tretton
December 23, 1777. whion he- wnn;bisneo
ond at Princeton, January 2, 1777. which
he likewise woo; his third was at Brandy-
wine, Siptember 11, 1777. in which he wss
defeated by General tlowe; hix fourth ' wi
at Germantown, October 4, 4777, wberehe
was also defeated by Howe alter a desper
ate eng4gnmnt; bis fifth was at Monmouth.
June 23, 1773. in wh'ch he was victorious;
and tbe vixtb and closing battle of the Rev
olution was fought at Yorktown October,
16. 1731. in which-he oameoff victorious
by capturing General Cornwa. lis, with all
hie array, numbering 7.5CX) roen- In sum
ming il p we fi id that he waa vJotorions in
foor battles and defeated in two. ' In the
two battlea in wbich be was defeated Gen
era! Howe commanded the British, and
Washington's troop were very inferior in
number to those of the British commaodsr.
. Straws. Siow bow tao WmdSlowa.
;8inator Davis, of Kntuoky. i almost. as
hot as tfe German radical io his opposition
to L;nooln. . In a racet t spseoh to th U.
S .Senate he declared the Ufe-hloid of the
nation requirwl all good Uoion men tounita
to beat' L'neoln a d in th:a spirit As Wis
willing t o unite on F RE M 0 S T or CHAdfcl
fur h" bebeved thorn to be candi-i men and
they acted in open sunshine.. Truly things
are- in. a fearful pass arhen Senator- Davis
consents to support r Fremont or Chase,, as
" :' From the Louisville Journal. , 1
THE TOBACCO FWit. " ;
3:The Premium List for 1th e Tobacco Pair
which is to be held .in this city on'Wed
ne9day, June 1, has been - rranged . :. T,be
premiums will be paid. In gold, and are as
follows: a --- ' - '.- .' :
Best hogshead manufactured leaf 50 00
Sesond best do - do ' jS5 0Q
Third best , do - " do- ' 15 00
Best hogshead shipping leaf - - .va - 60 00
Second boat , do do . , . 25 00
Third best d do 15 00
Best hogshead ahippinz leaf 60 00
Second best;. do . -do - v : 25 60
Third best . .do do 15 00
Seat bojrshead cutting leaf . . 60 00
Second best do do . 25 00
Third best do i do .-'" ' ' " ' " 15 00
Bos-t hothead cisrar leaf - - - i 50 00
Second beat do do- - . : 25 00
Third best . do do ,. 15 00
To tbe lady who enter tbe best hogshead
leaf wunoui regara to cia.-ainjauon, a
coffee and tea set. gi ven by the Louis
ville Hotel, valued at . - , . 125 00
To the owner of the- beat ten hojraheads
leaf, a plated-sil ver coffee set, tet-a-tete
and castor, valued at . 125 00
To owners of icond best tan tdds leaf " ' 25,00
do ' tlnrd - - do. : do - do 20.00
To owners of best five h3gshead leaf, a
plated ccnee sat, given by the iSationa '
Hotel, valued at . 100 00
To owner of sscsnd best five hdds loaf ' 25 00
do third do do do ' 1 20 00
To owner of best three hogsheads leaf - SO 00
do -. second best turee nida tear
do . third do- do .do .
. 15 00
To owner of handsomest leaf
Tbe proprietors of tha various ,
ville warehouses will receive and 'store
away aby tobacco intended for this exhi
bition, the entry fee on each hogshead be
ing three dollars, which can be paid on tbe
morning of tbe exhibition. The ware
houses, to prevent all disappointment, have
notified the' public that no sales will be
made at any of the houses on Monday; and
Tuesday preceding the fair, and the sales on
Saturday wtil be limited to fifty hogsheads
at each house, while ; Wednesday, Thurs
day, and Friday will be allotted to selling
the premium tobacco. As it is anticipated
that the amount of tobacco at the exhibi
bition will be very large, it is indespensable
that tbe following rules should be strictly
adopted in order to prevent confusion:
let. Upon both ends or each hogshead
the name of the owner must be distinctly
marked, as also tbe class for which it is in
tended, thus: ''Cutting, tShipping, 'La
dies' Class, 'Cigar, "Ten iBest Hogsheads,'
ifive Best Hogsheads,' 'Three Best Hogs
heads,' and 'Manufacturing.
2d. Tbe Tobacco should be sent forward
as early in May as possible. --
31. Each hogshead to weigh OotleBS than
900Q pounds, and we would suggest that it
should not weigh more than l;40O' pounds
net. :- - - --- : : - ; ''
. 4th. The cask should be substantial, well
hooped, and of thoroughly seasoned timber.
5th. The. classes for 'Five Best,' and
Three Best Hogsheads,' -are open to . Ten
nessee, Illinois, and Indiana. All the othT
classes are confiaed to the growth of Ken
tucky, . . v . - ;
6th.-No . hogshead can take more than
one premium; tbe 'Bast Prized class, how
ever, is un exception to this rule; this class,
is intended as a sweepstake, aud of course is
open to every Kentucky hogshead on exhi
bition.. . - - . ' ' , ; . '- , :
. 7th. None other than the growth of 1863
can compete for these premiums.. ...
It seems to be tbe general impression that
this exhibition will greatly exceed in inter
est and in tbe quantity of tbe stable exhib
ited, all the preceding fairs held under the
auspices of the Kentucky State Agricultu
ral Society. It will attract a large number
of purchasers from all parts of the country,
and tbe tobacco sold . will unquestionamy
bring the very highest prices.. , In the next
seven weeks we expect our .planters to be
very busy 10 sending forward, their choicest
hogsheads for competition. '., f"
JohV Morgan's Hobsb. The Columbia
South Carolinian says 'that shortly after the
arrival of John Morgan in the Confederacy
from his Northern prison, Benjamin Mor
decai,' Esq , of that city, authorized bim .to
purchase,' withont regard to cost, the finest
horse he could fiud in the country .; A. let
ter has just been received in reply, which,
announces the purchase; and the- intention
of tbe ga Ilant soldier to ride the animal on
the next expedition. ', We learn from an
other source that the aforesaid expedition
promises to ba one of the boldest yet at
tempted, and that, if successful, it' will, be
productive of great good to our cause. ; ,
? It la said at an interview ot Maximilian
with Luis Napoleon,' the latter i.aid: ''You
are going to a country that i 'one lump of
silver.'" Their eyes glistened, -and they
parted; - " "" - I
, , -- : v. - . - : ?- : -
While recently engaged in, splitting wood
Jons struck a false blow, causing the stick
to fly up. It Struck him or the jw,ar.d
knocked oute front tooth "Ay." said. Bill
meeting him soon after, "you've had a den
tal operation Derformed, rsea." "Yes," re
plied the sufrgrer.-"axjdenUl." T.. ' ...
," -V An Infant on ita mother breast, . .
-, A bounsing boy at day, r j J ,; i
. A.yosth by mai ion fair oareseed, -, ..-.- ; ...
, A stalwart man with care oppressed, -
.,' An old maa ailvery gray--.;
t I jail of life wo know. ;' t
: h . smile, a taar; - '
."- " A joy, a" fear,' --- -
. ' And all ia o'er below! " '
"It ia said that nnder the present shoddy
rule criise has increased forty-five pe' fDt-
over the old dars. before so many ol toe en
lightened sons of N?w England took po
sessioc of us Western Exchange. .
Kkvkb ScaSDiLizB f yoa happen to
fall into had company where toe talk runs
into party, scandal, folly, or vice of any kind
vou had better pass for morose or unsocial
"among people whose good opinion' is not
worth"vhaving.-than shock your own oin
science by j uniog in conversation which
you must disapprove of.!- ' '
At last the Abolition papers, alarmed at ,
the rapid depreciation of the crirrency.' call
loudly for taxation. The war has bee o'
carried On thus far by "due blll,"and Mr.
Chase has evidently aboutreached the tfmlt
m that direction. Nothlog will answer tbV
purposes but taxation thorough, com plete
taxation taxes upon everthing we sse.heax,
taste, or smell taxes upon light and loco
motion takes when we lie down and takes
when we sit up taxes whan . Ynrn
ana tases wnen we die. This is the only
policy to restore anything like publio credit
But then must the people be awakened from
tbe inssnity that now 'fill their souls?--:
Must they be made to realise that war is sr
severe and. expensive business, and that
whether they eount the, cost or not, it ' fol
low them like a spectre?' We have had our'
dance of joy we have seen the gorgeous
displays of blue coats and gilt buttons, we
have feted and toasted the , mushreomV
generals .whom the . people's dooey bar
lilted out of a deserved obscurity, and now
now the pay day is coming. Sow IittleV
do the giddy throng imagine as tbe eyes of
thousands strain at a regiment equipped for
the field, that that body of men carry away
with them tha life blooJ of the very people
who vacantly and stuoidlv stars at thm?r-
Every dollar,' evary cent It costs to send
tbem forth on their mission of destructioa -
must be paid, if naid at all. tha -
toil and very life-blood of the masae ahn' .
cheer tbem on.
They have no rizht. therefore' in nnm
plain of taxes, of high prices of any kind.-"
Two millions of people withdrawn from the'
position of producers of. wealth and turned!
into destroyers of it. must, of Decessitv. re
quire large outlays for their support. Every'
uju iu luvur 01 lot war, snouid cheerfully
welcome the taxes necessary for ita support.
If any can be allowed to crumble, it ia onl v
those who have condemned the entire "war
policy from the beginning. .We notice, how
ever, a disposition in certain "Democratic!'
war' journals, to growl about the tfaf ex
penses, while at the same time urging oo'
the giving of more men ano m'nm mon:
Do those editors suDD'ose that war eaa h'
carried on without paying for it? The isim
ple truth is, no nation has ever. had puch!
immense afmies as we have, and ft ia nor
astounding; that the debt ia enormous.
Ihere are. therefore, tut two altarnativna
before us, taxation or repudiation. Congress' -hatf
at last, under tbe spur of the Abolition
journals, brought forward a tax bill, tha
principal features of which we give iu an
other column. It will be seen that nothing
is to escape the scrutiny- of the tax gatherer.
The fjw articles heretofore exempted are.
now included, and there is no possibility of
turning-around without encountering a tax.
Thia ia the only remedy for downright
bankruptcy. ; The people wiri be forced to'
face it. The fiddling has been done.- Tha
fifer must be paid. Tbe dav dream of
fictitious wealth is over. The reality begins,'
and the sooner tbe better. Ddy-Book.
Peksahtlt. Never say you will dojwa
isnffy what your reason or your conscience'
tells you you should do nov. No man ever
shaped his own destiny, or the destinies of
others, wisely and well, who' dealt much in!
preser.ities'.' Look at Nature.' "If she never'
hurries, she never postpones. When the -time
arrives for the buds to open", they open
for the leaves t6 fall, they fall. Lookup-,
ward. The shining worlds never put off
their rising or their setting. ' The comets -even,
erratic as they are, keep their appoint
ments, and eclipses are always punctual to.
the minute. There are no delays' in any of
the movements of the universe which have,
been predetermined by the absolute fiat of
the Creator. ' Man, however, being a free
agent, can postpone the performance of . his
duty and he does so. too, frequently to his
own destruction. The drafts drawn by in
dolence upon the future are pretty sure to'
bo dishonored.' Make n'olO your banker."
Do not say you will economize presently,'
for. presently you mav be bankrupt! nor that'
you will repent or make Atonement present
ly, for presently you may be judged. Bear
in mind the important fact, taught alike by
the : history of nations,' rulers', and private
individuals,. that in at least three cases oat'
of five presently is too late.' r ; . s
It is funny to hear how the whole house
hold and ita visitors talk to the baby, .v A'
king in former times kept one fool; every
baby has a dozen; v - ; i
The New Orleans Picayune Bays the chief
idea of the' negroes there is unlimited license.
to do as' f hey please, to avoid work, and
sell liquor to the soldiers.
The editor of tbe La Crosse (Wis.) Dem'-' -ocrat
says that be recently eaw two little'
girls sitting in a secluded spot, near the road
aide, on their way from Sabbath School.
The juveniles were playing a game of 'seven
up,' to determine whether or not they should
attend the . evening church service.' The'
lambs! .'s-ii !.-; ' v; 1 - i . - '
. .Bayard Taylor, in a reqeot lecture, said,
the Equlniao'x were afraid to df e'on a' windy
dav. for fear .their son's wonld be blown
swey.' ' There are some peopleinthis region
who ought to have the same fear.-Zuouju-Herald.
rT ' - , - ' -'- ) ' j " - - !
, The fol lowing preventati ve of by dropToO"
biais published: Take, immediately, warm,
vinegar or tepid water, wash . the wound
clean therewith, and then, dry It; pour tbsa ,
npoo the wound a few drops of jauriatio aoid. .
Mineral -aeida -destroy ' the poison' of the1 -.
saliva, by -which means' the: eSeot of the'
latter is neutralized. - - . ' . -
- ; ; i i. . .
- LTma made of Italian raarble fs said te be
the most satisfactory for the ealciura light.'
It does not erack, gives a good light, and if
eas'er prepared, by patting small pieoes of
white marble into a clear fire io stove er
open grate. -After-remalniBg at a red neat
for twenty or thirty minntes.it is, after COOU
ing, easily cut into any desired shape. . ,
In 1852 there were 432,411 tons of sngaf
need in the United States.' With a popula-
tion of 80,000 00O. tbw would give nearir
iB.nu.aina DOunds to' each' man.-WOC0ff
,acd child. . : - . ' ' '