Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'The interior journal. (Stanford, Ky.) 1872-1881, March 15, 1872, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
W -Mr MS MOP V n lOG
Mini K M :l 1
hht aaaw mmmmmmmmwmmmT -v i - mmm imr
' .at J " ' .ATaa? if.U . -
STANFORD, LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY, FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1872.
THE INTERIOR JOURNAL
fa rvl.lHfD IH
a.VlBT TR1DAT MOKWIWO.
brrii i-hoitm mm iiTwicrr, irir)
"lILMI ITCAMPBELU rroprl.
fll Iluh NMMtltltM ltaf.
IHM eW l Inrh T Stat IMMIIi ..
rh a.l VaAil litatlt,. IM enlittaa mTTm-
, 1 liMaawaT
t-Z wmina lu, OMIaartta, ., tar aa u
ItMla pa, Una. a- l
All II . a I illlMUMM k a
All Mil aa Brat laaartaaa f StarUKl'.
4T N" mailt ton ww
Lincoln County " Directory.
CTtmx Tir corarrv mamma.
C4. J. W. Uriplir, "kaiiman
Vs.. at. lackey, I J. J. r-et.ua,
TL t llottrh.
J. M. ook.
k. B. llensua,
U l. Uood.
tln. F.T. tat JikIr.
M. II. Ow.l7, .tnilh' All'.
W. II. MilUr,....... -
W. k. rjajts...r.- - I"rpuly.
M. H. MrKnWru,. Mmkt Voiili"irr.
Ui, Kqiiltt and CriliMl Utm 3d M
dT. ia April mk! OctuUr, coaiinuing wJt
Hua. M C. fWufcjr,. J"V
IL . WajM. ............ ......Oan.t AtlT.
4. kn Wn.. 1"-.U
W. II. Mllkt. Dulr Ikwk Wrrrl7 ").
. J. Hx.ns. WwrilT.
Vi.T. Nanndrra - T-
Jama F. IWk, .... A-r.
IV llnwkiiM, - Nurwyu..
Th.Mria rkriural,-... - ..- Jl"f.
M4 HUtt, - ...Oleum.
CiMintv Conrt 11 M.paxlay In rh month.
QllutrrlrtkHlrt la, Moadayaia Mwrh. Jua,
hrptrajihrr and lunrrainrr. t outl Claiaw
l M.nd ia rt.rf. 'iirt at Lrry and
AmwaM-ai-ftl Monday la J una.
a.iimmATxa ad atiaTaiTai oorara.
KT4vruD lt IHlalnn W. M. 'arm, d
Maturday ia Aiint. airf, kahniary
anj kl. kvl IHviaiitfi J. K IVnnK A
Hai.inl. In July, O-f.hrr. January and
April. A. It IVnny, Innrtal.l.
I'aaa v iiiiin lai rrldn ). W. rrkr,
iiS.lur.la in Mar.h. Jun.nWti.nilTnd
lammlapr. l KivWi ll"l'llrl, 2d
haiunlny In March, June, H.iH.ml and
I rrrmhiT. , l iinrtalil.
Wai.iit Ilt lt IHriaion Oala I.yna,
id Tliurxiar ia March, Jun"1, hcirmhr
and l..ttnt. l liiviai.. W.J UllK
41 h Ttinrvdnr in Mafh, June, Mrplrihr
and lircrrnhr't.. T.d INmikI, IVawUbla.
Ill'.HI AXI.-lM IHriai.rtl Uwia 1111, 8d
nuanlir in Juinarr, April. July and to
brr. 'M IhiiMun Jno. I Imam, 11 Hatur
dar in Jiuinary, April, July and Urlobcr.
Hiram Unka. (iinaalia.
Viniu iu-l.t IHUIai F. Padr-lt, Sd
TiMpala la Mwa, Juaat, Kaaxmrk. nd
fknvniticr. i IhriaU - Vm. h, 4tl
Tunalar la March, June, Hrptrnihrr and
llvcraibrr. iiranrill riitmlrtua, l on.lal l.
Ti'iMvii.i.a lai IKviaina John rh, lai
Tlinratlaa irAl.n h. June, fvpwinWr and
IirribiV. I)iiai.H J. I. Alorn, 3d
Thuraday In March June. Ht pWnila.r and
llvcvaibvr. W'a i'aaipuirll, ConaUlle.
lluf.vil.ll-1.1 liriai..a iHiriu lammr.
lal TawaUy In March. June, N plrniler and
lamaibrr.' S.l lhviaion J. P. Iliijrhra, 3d
Turolae in March, June. Hcplenilwr and
JirccuUr. W. K. Jun, Oon.lxl.la.
mi hi oorat.
rHivman Jolia M. I"nilli, Jr, JuJire, 4ih
Haturdav iu cacll Bioolh. Jio. 1 And ram,
Ciiaim Dcpi.1 Street rreachitui by Kid.
8. II. Kina, fourth Lord day in each
anunth at 1 1 u'clw-k A. m. rnariiia by J.a.
' Mt.to, 3d Iml a lay, in each aionlh, at 11
o'cl.a-k A. . hurulay at hnol at o'block,
J. K. Warren, rtup't. ' Wunhip aear lat
ami 'Id Utrd'a day by the eoturreaatitia.
Brriirr IU. A. P. lUah, Iator. Church
nMclinglatSatunlat incach ntmth. I'reach.
Iiui 11 and 3d Kllalha in each atitiuh at
lla'duck a.m. HundayHcbuul at V o'clock,
ti. K. W au-ra, Kup'l.
M rrMtiiturr FnavurAi, (SttuthV Kee. Wat.
Taflttr, I'aatnr. hervuv avry other Sun
day muming. Prayer nua-linii rery i'hun
I'amaTTKaiAa (K.uilienit I'ruvhiim by
VS'ut. Crt.w, lat aiul :id Hal.lwih in each
aaonta. Huuday acluad at V o'olta-k.
PamnvrrRiAa, ((rcneral AaneriblT) Kee. H.
H. McU..Iuu, Caator. hVrri.w il and llh
Hiiudaya in each atotith. rHinday echnulr)
o'duck a. au
I. O. O. F. Blanft.rd Ltalite, No. 1M I. O. O.
I aarwt avry Fritlay night in Odd Kel
loaa Hall, aorta aid Main elreot. Ju Hc
aeanoa, N. it.; J. W. (lilhaiu, V. Cl T. J.
Alkina, R B.; J. W. Vallaoa, IVr. Hec'y.
(ioLitaa Ki i.l KarAMraairr No. 147 Meeto
altaltl lelloaa Hall lat and Xd Tuc-I.r
aitrhto la each amuth. Jo Nevoranc, i:, l
H. U. Myera, II. W. 11. Miller, tkriba.
Maanaio I jnrnla Lodir No. (0 aaanta at
Maannae Hall, aiuth aitl Main atroet, eery
ad Mnadae nia In tmHt ntaarth. M. 11.
NeTieua, . M ; J. K. Mctw, 8. A.
ltann, J. K.; T. W. Vanioa, ttai'y.
STAaroBD Lome, Na 4'ii, A. Y. M. Meet
at Maaoaie Hail laal M .nday nixht in aack
aiunth. Jno. M. Keid, W. U : J .hn Y.
Hrera, H. V' A. Kl'enay.J. W4 A. A.
SrAamav K. A.OitArraa Meetaat Maaunle
Hall every lat Mtwday uitfht iaaach aiouth.
Ja. I'aattia. II. P.
f ( T. HARRIS,
ATTORXEY AT I AW,
WILL narlar I Hat tVaiHa f l.laral, ;.
Uarratal. at-a koaaU, kt, b aail MaOUua and la
akat OetUt " ai'UtHtJa.
a H. lia h.r.- I aaaartiatry aaetirad aroaiutlj
aad at naa aalilii rata. ly
ATTOBSBT AT LAW,
' 0-rI--rtret mmmvm He. McaVaaan' .
ffllOS. W. VARNON,
ATTORSKY AT LAW,
OJW'at-la Oaaft Ban
I W. HI1MI.AP,
"I am alf, ki.
Jan. c roori B,
4TT0UIri AT LAW AND COllMOTOMt,
BIWIM-Xd BOI.ICITKl) l.N LINCOLN
aad atO"iuin( counltv. ly
P think. Ilttbamwhl Uf,
Thai hrm ha trintU atrl fiaa '
Whaa fit It HT MM,"
Biamilii, NMM (H SUM,
A'! tWi laVHalililrMf ma to fpiH aj '
Wllk trl m trrtlMa Mafot
Ha MrtlaarMrri .'if la luaf f
Kr Irm hmm aatlrllmai wa
W7, tka alalm knraaf Ik Tllkw
1 Iklnk UI aaMlla mj aral.
thM thT throat) I tanaa Mi Blllaa
Aiul Mr. tV44a to a
Ha ava'l ela, at fcaai at It aHaald ;
An4 Ifl raretawk him. he vhtolMa,
AallMfeUi rtah la the aa.
Th aeat, IbatHjh I Wfa H m flearfy,
Mtikh amal Mat twraWI aad aa,
rr Jarft, ai'i ) Mid, a th rtraneaat
AM atim la attaaay I Wiaa la.
Wklk) ante link IHf. lata aad kaafry,
ri aihM hmne he a aaiall,
Aaat eanr aalvara pemaaUaff
I alt Itta aa aiaaer at all.
Thar teaa tewntle k Ml la the haatala
Intl-afaini fcr a, fraai Ida aat 1
II a ae ), laal avaMt
Want atMfla aWal iHlf hlM(, flMtal Mrta
te r aea. mm aneraoral half.
Thai tae Hrntiariha air
Caaaaia I, kn Ik Ilia thai WaM laaea,
ar latw Ihrauah Ua wllhaaa ear.
Thar aaarm aw wnaaea, an raMaa,
la tfta art. aa4 l4-4lllras aaa,
t I ka of a matnlrf lhat'a bat tar
T aaat In tha A mama -An Yttr t
MAW iatana, OMaHa WmUm.
The Tale iJtatla f California.
Tha Tula lan.la of California ara o
Darned from a flag hjr the Iiuliaiut callctl
Tula (pninouncetl Tio-lajr), aliich grow
on Uicia ao Uiic kly at to exclude pretty
miah arerytliing elite. Eaulwanl from
Han Franciaro, aw far aa Htoi'kton
hundred niilea, jicrliaa the cwuntry
ia ItTel ilain, in tha Biidat of ahich
tha two princiatl rivcra of (aJifoniia,
tha Pan Juaquin ami tha Harrainrato,
ftirm a juix ti'.u, tA 2f.r tW into tl
Bay of tan Franciaco. Then art
mcroua ilnuhj, deep and navipnlile,
cuniiertiiig with theas ri'era and with
each oilier, and ao rutting up the laia
m to niuke it a collection of inland. The
atroama have ao little full that the title
overflow their lunka for a htmdn-d
milia up from ihe hay, aunrner);ing the
UtmU from three to ten niilea aid-wartl
Irom the bay, anil the space ao submerged
ettniuriaaa tha tule land an are
several humlrwl thouaiuid acrtia.
Ihiubtlcia this area was once an arm
of the sea, filled by agca of sedimentary
dcjaa.it froni tlie uarr irtnama. It ftHl
aiata largely of vegetable mold, and ia
found as rich at the bottom he it eight,
ten cr twelve feet aa at the surface.
Hence the soil is inexhaualihle. Hut aa
from time immemorial three Iambi hail
been regularly submerged and kept in a
emi-liiuid state by the tides, the poasi-
hility of their reclamation had hardly
bwn thought of, and they were regarded
as aimply wortlilcaa. The Government
of tha United Htatoa, anma twenty yeaas
ago, donated them lo the State of Cali
fornia, and the State long offered them for
ale, in small tracts to actual settlers, at
a very low figure, but found no pur
chaw re. Several years ago, this policy
was changed, and they were offered to
all, settlers or not, and without limit
as to quantity. Whereupon a number
of sagacitaaa, public-spirited capitalists oj
San KranvaKu, believing I' practicable
to rcebiim them, bought np a large pro
portion of the Tule area, and at once
adopted measures for their reclamation.
One of the first eflorts at reclamation
was made on Twitrhell Island, which has
an ana of 3,6(10 aorta. A ditch six feet
wide was dug around the ieliind, parallel
to the stream and twenty-six feet inward
from the water-line, the excavated earth
being thrown to the river side of the
ditch, thus forming a levee sufficient to
shut out the tide-water. At proper In
tervals sluice gates were placed in the
leveea. The soil of tha Uland being
loose and porous, the water from it
drained freely into the ditch, which was
regularly emptied through the gates
when the tide wa down. When the
tide began to rise again the gntee were
Itawd to prevail tit inflow at ita watata.
Thus by expelling all the sipnge water
and admitting none from the river, a
considerable portion of the Uland was
soon sufficiently drained and dried to
admit of iU rultivatien.
When the surface become dry by
drainage and evaporation the anuatic
Tulca liwt their vitidity and dried np;
whereupon they were readily oonnuined
by fire, is well aa their roots and the soil
to a depth of three or four inchca, leav
ing a large nuus of audies; peck to the
acre, bcveral nuutireii sneep were m at
turned oa and driven to and fro, to
tramn the seed into the ground, and this:
completed tha work of putting iu the
crop. (By the aecoud year tha ground
becomes sufficiently compact to annul 01
tha onlinarv aiiiiliauc of Ullage the
plow, harrow, etc.)
By this rraai;ij ia priiceai 1,100 acres
were sown iu wheat tlie first year. Owing
to the Hiurt lima tha laud had been sub
jected todraliuige, tha jau-ui most remote
from ' the ditches were but partially
drained, and tha crop ou them was much
lighter than on the eU-druiued portious.
It should be mentioned, too, that a very
viuleut auul, coming befora then, waa
any ntiu to compact tha burnt surface,
blew tttr tha aahta from about 100 aorea,
IwSviiig so much of tha seed bar that
tha crop cam too spana to be worth
harvesting, and it was left atuudiug.
Xotw''htanling the rude husbandry
fitrord by the eimimatances, the result of
the first year's operations was the harvest
ing of 37,000 buahela of excellent wheat
front 1,000 acres, some of which was
old aa high aa II W) per bualiel. With
the whole of tha island in cultivation,
prepared Pr graio aa it now is, and with
the Inc reward experience of the fivmers
In charge, it Is crmflilently expected
that the crop of the arcrmd (the present)
year will net an amount njual to the
enat of the entire tract. (It was bought,
leveled, at tiO gohl per acre). In eigh
hrew fnnntha, tha Market value of the
bind lias (nowased from 120 to t.e"aaV
The experience of firming on Twitch
ell, Sherman and other Tule bhuids war
rants the average estimate of fifty bush
els of wheat to tlie acre. In Kentucky
twelve and a half buahek would probably
be a liberal average. California wheat
sells at least ten per cent, higher than
that grown rlnewhere iu our country.
Hence a hundred-acre Tule farm is, to all
intent and ptirposea, equal to one of four
hundred acre in Kentucky; it has as
much prwlucing capacity, Mid yield aa
much with far lea labor and expense.
Suppose the Kentucky farmer sows 200
acr in wheat He produces Voo bun-
els, which at II perbuehel, make $2,500
aa his gmas receipts. The Tule farmi
sow 4.rl acres, harvest 2,275 buaheU,
which, at II 10 perbii-hel, nmk 12,502
a his cross receipts. Hut the Kentucky
farmer' seed was at leant 1 huahels to
the ae.-e 2."r0 bualicl. The Tule former
sow onl 7 20 poiintbi of wheat to the acre,
about 15 bmdicln. The former has tlie
labor and exjienee of cultivating and
harveatMg 200 acres; the latter only 45 J
A great drawback of California Is
drouth. , It has its rainy season of ur
months a bws, and then its dry aeason
of eyht montlis or more. If, during the
tiiKt, the rain fall is very copiou tin fol
lowing crop i" heavy; if ordinary, the
crop is light; if light, the crop ia very
light, often not worth gathering. Hence
without irrigation, winch u only in ome
localities practicable, and every where x
perutive, farming in California ia unre
liable. About every ten years a great
nflu-lkll occur (aaia 1M52, lcHii, 1T2.
ne w hich there is a cradunl di
each year for three, lour or five year ;
and then follow drouth years until the
next year rain-full.
On the Tule lands the crops ar not
lhiblc to damage or failure from drouth.
Whenever the Tule farmer perceive hi
land is getting too dry, he has only to
open hi luice-gaUa while the tide is up,
and tha water flow in. Thus he regu
late the manner and extent of the irriga
tion to suit hi notion without cost or
Tlie Tule lands are greatly favored in
the facility and cheapness with which
their product -are transported to a good
market The great city of San Fran
ciaco twice as large as Louisville, the
principal feeder of the immense oomuiei
ciul marine of the Pacific, and carrying
on an active commerce with all the world,
is near by, with line of daily steam pack
ets pawing through theae lands to Sacra
mento City and to Stockton. The pro
ducts of the Tule farm are carried to
San Francisco at from fifty cents to one
dollar and twenty cents per ton as cheap
as the same could be carried into Louis
ville from a BeurgraM farm five mile out.
Soma of the farmer have their little
boat, which they load with their own
produce at their own landings, and they
run into the bay and to the city wharves
on the ebbing tide, and when through
with tlieir buniness they return home on
the flowing tide, tb current propelling
them each way.
The climate of California is singularly
equable. It might almost be said that
it is not so warm and not ao cold a any
atla, ouuntry.- - Henea tb wiaAlarinB
tacleof the fruit of all clime growing
there together. The apple and the or
ange tha cherry and the fig-jthe plum
and the almond the peach and the olive,
the pear and the date the quince and
the pomgranate th persimmon and the
prune the grape aud the lemon the
apricot and the citron the nectarine and
the banana the filbert aud the lime the
Engliah walnut and tha coeounut, all
flourish aud grow together iu perfection.
The people of California are promptly
availing themselves of this varied cacity
of their soil and climate. The fruit
furuUh tlie basis of an important portion
of tha world' commerce, aud th sum
our own country pays auuually for raisins,
figs, prunes, lemons, almuuds, orange,
cocoauuts, baiuuiaa, dates, filberts, olives,
olive oil, etc., I enormous hundred of
millions. Aud yet California I capable
of furuUhing all ot them, and th day i
not distant when ah will Airniea so much
of them as to ar rout, iu a gnmt measure,
this overflow of the nation precious
metal. Hundreds of her enterprising
people are already beginning to cultivate,
cure, and prepare these fruits as they go
into com mere, and tb result will b an
aootauioa to th reaourc of tha Stat
greater than her niiuue.
Th agricultural ' cajbilitie of the
Stat dmhrau th aama wida range, pro-
duciug aotouly tvery thing that flourishes
elsewhere la ourcountry, whether In Loo-
kiana or in Maine, MiniwexiUorb 1'lor-
da, but aim other thing which do not
flourish elmwhera in the States; as rum at,
tha sugar beet, Cuba tolateco, alfalfa, etc
All these product, horticultural and ag
ricultural, will soon abound on thaTulcs,
aa the work of reclamation I going on
ith great energy throughout their
Quite mumlr of Ken tuck inns have
lately Invested in tlie Tule land, ami
others ara entertaining project of buy-
bis: each enoui;h for farm honvtfand
emigrating togetlrrf In colony, to ft urn
of themslevea settlement strong and
compact enough to sustain a school, and
hava all tha pleasures and comfort of
being in the midst of old friend ami fa
miliar neighliors. Tha idea is good
one Tor tlie runner reason mat, in re
claiming their lands by levees, ditches
etc, whole neighborhood operating to
gether with unity of aim would he able
to effect the object mora cheaply to each
than by acting singly. Several of thoee
colonies will probably b formed, provi
ded suitable tract can be secured, tame
of the large holders of Tule lands have
been requested to make an agency in Ixm
isville for their sale, and will prolmbly
wftgr) I.lle In Jamaica.
Idleness 1 the one great euro of Ja
maiis, which has at once destroyed the
prosperity of the island and degraded the
people. Tlie little work which is Bccom-
pliithed is done mostly by the women.
Barefooted and barrarmed, with their
frocks wrapped in a roll round their bid-
ice, and their head tied in the handker
chief, universally worn by both sexes,
they toil from morning till night at tlie
severest labor, aud never seem to repine
at their kit They may often be wen
carrying head kawlsof fruit or vegetal il
to market, while tlie men ride after them
on otherwise unburdened mules. I aw a
doxen black and brown women mending
tlie carriage road in a part of the Beg
Walk, and beside their ability as Med
makers, they are excellent hands at coal
ing a ship. At the sound of the bell en
a steamship company! wharf they ein.-rt'
from their dwelling in every pan ur
J - .V .
aJVoE "coal whipiaBrV anxious to
.... and in a &r Bninuut uaa lanra 1 -a
earn a lew .Hillings, i hese coal carrier, ouf owj) whether our National Con
are among the must industrious people ia Tention hc,j ; or ; ju1t, Noth.
Kingston, and they work with a stcadi-1 ing therefor, it by the "wise
nee and alacrity that is surprising to one jaatcrly inactivity" of the Demo
who has heard nothing but stories of ne-mtio Nl,tional Committee,
gro idleness from the white people. They I other eTerT moDtWt df,
carry twelve head load, of coal on board u , ,ije to weaken and dis
a steamer for one penny equal to about ! . . p.,ui: c.
steamer for one penny equal
two cent in American money, and art j
able to earn from a (hilling to a shilling
and threepence day. At night their
wage are doubled. Most of the labor
of coaling the transatlantic .hip is done
at night, and it is then the carriers are in
their highest spirits. An unceasing flow
of aong tlie words, as nearly a I could
catch them, sounding something like,
"O Lord I remember Mosea!" is kept up
till long after midnight and so much
work i accomplished by the inspiratios
of th rude music that one feels bound to
con feat tliat the melody is not watted.
The Neva, in which I arrived at Kings
ton, i a large screw-steamer, and the
work of coaling her is no .light tak,
The "coal whipper." begin to fill up her
hold at noon, and by six o'clock the next
morning, not ceunting a three-hours' spell
for breakfast 830 ton., of 2210 pounds,
had been put on board. In addition to I
the wages regularly earned by the car
riers Captain Cooper, the agent of the
company generally give each of them a
small gratuity, and this, even more than
the payment of the money earned by
them, insure their attendance upon the
arrival of the next packet
Even men like old Koratoe Marchant
an itinerant dealer in rag in Kuigaton
but more properly a vender of the leaves
of tTie mountain aloe, or korato, used in
scouring pots an occupation from which
bis name is derived ar a useful class in
Jamaica, and by their industry, unim
portant though it seems, add 'ins
tiling to the promise of the futur. He
is now au old man, eighty year of ago,
and for nearly half of his long pau
rtvicut utt ho uttcu autatv iticitiiaut.
Korato is an excellent type of the
trafficking negroea, who may be Kxa
along the Bog Walk, or going "P nl
down tha narrow roads of the mouutaiu
declivities. Not only among the black
aud colored people of Jamaica but abo
among the freed coolie, id Havana, ami,
indeed, whenever race is poor and la
bor it unromunerativs, there i a strong
tendency to engage in trade in a small
way. Iu the juountain on tha road to
Newcastle i a sylvan market called
Middletown Market, when much of thi
small luerchandi I dune; and nearly
very village on the lalaiid has a crowdud
market place. Fruit and vegetables
ara tlie article generally aold iu these
places. A th negroo ara anxious to
obtain tb highest prices for their pro
ducts, they geuerally seek tha bast mar
eta, and they often eavrry bakt
yam all tb way from Port AnhakiaV
tha north siila of Kingston, a diaUute uf
vwlly mnm w uUaiu au addiuuoai
.billing on tha prio of th w nola, U.
' 0. & ifautarr, ia lt"Vm,' JJooustits.
TIIE POLITICAI. SITI-ATIO.
Parts- aatat tat
rraa th Warhl J
While we approva tha seal, w cannot
quite endorse tha judgment of some im
pulsive Democrat who are not aatisfied
with th reticent, expectant attitude
which has thus far been maintained by
the great body of the party. Including the
National Ilemorratic Committee and ita
em J, aapsioua chairman. Nothing could
be more deplorable at prrwent than a
spasmodic, aggressive activity. At-a
time when event and th whole drift of
political tendencies an operating in our
favor, the party would make a capital
blunder if it should take any step, or at
tempt any movement which might inter
fere with the spontaneous development of
It it all-important, in the present sUge
ot affairs, that impulsive party seal be
kept under the restraint of sober judg
ment and foresight It is never wise to
buy in a rilling or sell in rising market
It would not be enterprise, but fully, for
a merchant to purchase a cargo of tea
when tlie price of tea was steadily de
clining; nor, on tha other hand, to nuke
heavy sole when the price was steadily
rising. Everything both inride and out
title of the Democratic party is just now
operating in our 'favor; and it is for the
interest of the party to let these favoring
tendencies have free couraaand operate
The Itemocratic party is equally sure
of its own three millions of voters,
whether its Nntinna),onvcnlin.be held
early or held late. There is nothing in
the character or public career of General
Grant, since he has been President, to en
tice Democrats into the Republican ranks.
On the contrary, Grant is estranging
many of the oldest and mont trusted lead
ers of bis own party; aud an administra
tion which repels the ablest of it former
supporter is not likely to make proselytes
from the opposition. W do not, there
fore, need to be early In tlie field to pre
vent desertions from our own ranks.
Democrat are In no danger of joining
tha Bcpubliraa'party at the time when
Gcuaral Grant's administration is so bad
1)uJt.tnd'of hJueet RepubVu
eoaatrmineu to enounce n. vteare
meuno( m undiminished vote of
. ... .
lUHVtata tint itctntuuv p j. n
as ita Grant and auti-Grant factions have
no call to uuite againat a common enemy,
they will keep up their quarrel with each
other, and the longer this intestine war
continues the mora irreconcilable, the
parties to it become. If the Democratic
(tarty stands aloof until after th Cincin
nati Convention, th breach will by that
time be so wide that the Republicans can
never be reunited. When our enemies
are daily becoming weaker by intestine
division, and there i no danger ot Demo
cratic desertion to a crumbling and dis
credited opposition, it ia safe and wise to
await the surely-rising tide which prom
Urns to lift the Democratic ship from the
hank on which it is stranded and float it
in deep water without any tugs to draw
it off. If the tide were ebbing instead of
rising, w would advise a different pohcy.
The Itolnocrtic pajty is growuig stronger
every day by mere inaction
Another equally strong reason for
avtiiilinu? anv Drecioitata movemeut ia
found iu the daily growth of a new senti
ment in th Democratic party itself. The
party is mora and mora inclined to f-op
dead Issues, emancipate itself from an
effete post, and co-operate with all honest
patriots in a .trcnuou. effort to reform the
Government Thi feeling is gaining
fcy aT; ni it , not expe
dient to Jiold tlie National Convention
until it slidl have reached it full matu-
It may he expedient (nobody can
yet tell) to put an emincut Liberal Re
publican at the head of th Democratic
ticket; and things promise to be riper for
aiich a movement four month hence than
Such a policy is steadily
bU)f Nlltiolmi Convention is held tlie
I .mwina in I eniot'ntLiu iutut. tuti mo
. . . . UI111J1;mull. It will ba Iu
j,t.riwrtinaUiis line of action if it ahould
be judged wu. Muanwlule, tb party
j . whil Republican
are dwerting from th linking adminis
tration of Grant, then i not the slightest
danger that Democrats, who ha v opposed
it from th beginning, will desert la it.
Even if we should at hut orgaiiiw a strict
IWrnocratio eaniaign with straight-out
Democruti oaiididutus, then ia uot tha
sli.ditoat danger that tb party can b
wwkenetl by delsy.
Do we then favor th ao-cullud pasaiv
policy t Not at all; w oppi it now,
as w hav opwaksd it always, Whasn tha
proper tin oouiea th IVmooratio or
aiuiuatloa will tak a vary activ and
ti7 agxressivo part ui tMsosumg n
I r. UVM,u,a .u
wiU hold iU National
awiial Ti ill aa-iniinaut
,u.k.d In thai aaaeukr ftaria. Bv aaaaaB
thai National Cowvtailitai it will WaVl
ha aarty Utjaibera united orgajuiiav
tioo, and com into tha contest an un
broken, disciplined host The Democratic
army will be kept equally well in hand,
whether it gives battle early or late. As
tha pnaqwet now looks, w may gn into
tha contest with strong re-enforcements
and powerful allies; and nothing could be
more unwise than to impair these chances
by over-hasty action. Wshave full faith
in the firmness, wisdom and foresight of
the Democratic National Committee, and
counsel Democrats to forbear all sign of
impatience, when the drift of events and
th current of publi tentiment are oper
ating so strongly in our favor. While
we havt no wish to Influence, much leas
to dictate to, the National Committee,
we are prepared to support them in post
poning their call for National Conven
tion for nm time yet. We believe the
party may safely trust the whole matter
to their enlightened discretion.
ITEM) FOB LADIF.H.
Be reasonable, nd you will be happy.
, Save your auds for garden and plants,
or to harden yards when sandy.
A hot shovel held over varnUhcd furni
ture will take out white spots.
Ribbons of any kind should be washed
in cold soapsuds and not rinsed.
If you an buying a carpet for dura
bility, choose .mall figures.
Scotch snuff put on the hole when
c-iicket come out will destroy them.
Sal soda will bleach very white; one
spoonful ia enough for a kettle of clothes.
Laror jet or tortoise-shell butterflies,
with gilt edges, are worn in the centre of
large bow in the top of the head.
Do every tiling in its proper time. Keep
everything in it place. Always mend
clothe before washing.
If your flat irons are rough, rub them
with fine salt, and it will make them
A gallon of strong lye put in a barrel
of hard water, will make it as soft as rain
How many of our lady readers ever
dream that we tend to Great Brittam,
annually, fifteen -million dollars ia gold
for Jhe .ingle jrticle of spool cotton.
Tor pteBf ee cut flowers iB entas, tin J
should be placed in a vaas filled with
luke-warm water, in which is placed a
mall lump of charcoal.
Ma' happiness is said to hang on a
thread. This must be the thread that is
never at hand to sew on the shirt-button
that is always off.
Punch's mental philosophy: What is
mindf No matter. What is matter?
Never mind. What is the nature of tlie
soul? It is immaterial.
Am effort is being made to revive tbe
old-fasbioned brocades for evening toilette,
and when made into a court train, trim
med with old costly lace, they an very
Very elegant card case hav appear
ed, made of mother-of pearl, and set with
precious stones; othen equally pretty,
but not as valuable, are of Kuseut leather,
with gilt facing, and a monogram in gilt
in the bacK.
Take a string that will reach twice
rouud the neck of a young lady; let her
hold the ends in her mouth ; then if the
nonse will slip over her head to the buck
of her neck, it is a certain indication that
she is married or wants to be.
The- latest style of sending present of
flower, is in earthen dmhe made flat, in
whit the flower an regularly planted
and growing, which is a for more sensible
present than th old style of basket,
which, with the utmost care, only lasted
a day or two.
Jenny Lind is in Florence,nd at a
recent soiree she appeared robed iu high
necked gray silk, trimmed with purple,
an India muslin cap and fall of lace
over the back hair, which is (till woruTn
the same style as when she charmed her
audiences thirty years ago.
A few drop of oil of vitroil (sulphu
ric acid) in water, will tak th stains of
fruit, dark dyes, slov blacking, etc.,
from tha hands without injuring tlienu
Can mast, how ever, be taken not to drop
it upon tlie clothe. It will remove tbe
color from woolen, and eat hole in cot
The secret of woman ' dressing will
simply oonaist in her knowing th three
grand uuities of dress her own position,
her own age, and her own poiuUI And
no woman can dress well who doe not
After this wa aaed not say that whoever
is attracted by th eustuin will But be
duau point! In th wearer. Sh may not
b handsome nut aaoomplUhed; but w
will answer fur ker by being vea tem
pered, well informed, thoroughly icnaibla
and a eomplet lady.
A gentleman said at a camp-meeUng
in Iowa tb other day, that ba bad been
Biarritd twanty-lva years, and during
that titua k had never given hi wit a
cross look ot an unkind word. Thi auui
ahouU hav been an augel long ago ; h
it sJUtgelhar too amiable for thai world.
Hi i au amiability, however, that may
sot b entirely deapiaabl. 11 would b
rlaanid by most paopla among tha woodan
U would kill any highepiritsd
woman In two week by hi infernal equa
nimity. He It a unchangeable as a bass
wood tree, as imperturbable as mud
turtle. A bouse might fall down on him
and it wouldn't bring an ejaculation from
him. Hi wife might run away with
three men at a time, ami he would control
himself so is to say nothing whatever
about it Such men a him make do-
aimtio peace aa intolerable burden, and
are altogether to aaintly for flesh and
Above typify other feature which
-tlta fiassal latnr. delicacy
itand foremost within the province of
taste; not that' delicacy which is perpet
ually In quest of something to lie abashed
of, which make merit or blush, and
simpers at the false construction it own
ingenuity has put upon an innocent re
mark ; this spurious kind of delicacy i
as far removed from good taste a from
feeling and good sense; but that high
minded delicacy which maintains its pun
and undeviating walk alike amongst wo
men as in the society of men; which
shrinks from no necessary duty, and can
speak, when required, with seriiajsnem
and kindness, of thing at which it would
be ashamed indeed to-smile or to blush ;
that delicacy which know how to confer
a benefit without wounding th feeling of
another, and which understand also how
and when to receive one; that delicacy
which can give aim without dieplay, and
advice without assumption, and which
pain not the moat humble or susceptible
being in creation. Thai it the delicacy
which forms so important a part of good
taste, that when it doc not exist a a
natural instinct, it is taught a the first
principle of good manners, and considered
as the universal passport to good society.
One of five most vulgar errors of the
day, and one which is silly and meaning
less, except a meaning perverted in the
extreme from ita intcnajed significance, it
th substitution of "gent for "gentle
man." The word "gentleman" recurs
452 times in Shakcxpcare ; "gent" it not
to be found there at alL Wilh all hi weulth
of imagination, the great dramatist never
conceived a gent. As tb thing wa be
yond theThere of his ohBarvatjQ
Hlea ti-ansouuded ose llidlB ot. Jua fancy.
II could not look into tha future far
enongh to see "tlie coming man," and, if i
he could have done so, perhaps ba would
have closed hi eye to tha saddening
spectacle, instead of serving up the gent
with th Calibans and Touchstones, tlie
mishappen monster, and the sportive
fools, of bit pictured pages. Turning
from the great dramatist who knew no
gent, we look for the word in the stand
ard dictionaries. Not finding it there,
we discover it at hut, skulking among the
refugee of the Slang Dictionary, and a
very appropriate place it ba in the haunt
of that not very aelcct society. "Gent
appear there a "a contraction of gentle
man in more senses than one a dressy,
showy, foppish man, with a little mind,
who vulgarise tlie prevailing fasldon."
A gentleman and a gent are very easily
Young man, you're wanted a woman
wants you; dou't forget her. No matter
if you are poor, don't wait to be rich, if
you do, ten to one if you are fit to be
married. Marry while you are young
and struggle up together. But mark,
young man, tlie woman don't want you if
the it to .hare your anoction with a cigar,
spittoon, or a whUkcy jug. Neither does
she want you if you don't take care of
her and the little afterthought winch
ara pretty sure to follow. Neither does
she want you limply because yon are a
man, the definition of which is too apt to
be an animal that wean bifurcated gar
ments on his lower limbs, a quarter sec
tion of stov pijie on hit head, swear like
a pirate, and ia given to filthy practice
aMMtr)ly. Hk wants yvw r a compan
ion, for a helpmate she want you to
hav learned to regulate your apttile
and passions; in fact th image of God,
not in th likeness of a beast If you
an strong in a good purpose, firm in ra
ti tunc to tvil, pure in thought and
lion a you require ker to be, and with
out which inward purity neither af yon
an fit to be husband and wile; If you
lov virtu and abhor vie, if you are
geutleiuauly, forbearing tud kind, and
aot loud -talking, exacting and brutal
man, that woman want you; that mod
est, fair, cheerful, rigut-apokou woman
w mean, who fill your idea of niaideu
and wife. It i tha that wants you
marry her wb. a you like, whi ther rich
or poor, we'll trust you both on th abova
Aoudilious, without any further security.
FKiRxutmir, tb win of life, should,
liktt a well (tucked cellar, b cuutiuually
renewed; and it 1 eousulatory to think
tlutt although w can acldom ald what
will t(Ual tb generous first-growth of
our youth, yet frioudalnp boeomes uisen
ibly uld la much lot lima tliaa is eom-
aiouly imagiued, and not many yean an
reuuirad to uutk it mellow and plvaaaut
warmth will no doubt mak a very eon
idtrubl ditferenoe; mo of aflVt-lionatti
temper and brivht nuM-y, will coalesce a
' grtU dual auooar than thuae who an dull
! " "
wrr axd nrcon. .
Simple addition Adding to otafV '
family, . ' rK
Why I a dog's toil a very great wrr
lty? Baca us no on aver saw it teW.
Why an young ladias bad rraaninar-
ianiT Because you seldom find as) who i ,
can decline matrimony.
Minister! In Indiana bar reduoed Ha U-
wedding fe to dollar and a half to res
ular customer. '. , , ; ,"
, Jones say he jon't Ukeewlete-1 Worsm, ' -
a a rule, but the prettiest girl k .vdr ,. - , . (
saw wa Olive Brown. j . i ''i
That man biadeed "hartT'bp" wl,,-' P
Mtittni omit Mffl!t trnr mwmm smit iiittn 7 r .
"Los of China pket-tii
claimed an old latly. "o wotwer wtam - -iron
ones aren't aJ way safe." , J
A western paper speaks of "th deals?, d
ler aihen' a"
of several citisen from threat difeajea,,?.
superinduced by retort."
A Philadelphia paper say "It, a
great waste of raw material, to pat tea ..
dollars' worth of beaver over tea cent'
worth of brains."
Aa old lady It Inclined to think that '
a compos would make th beet sewing
machine, because sh beard it hadj--
needle with thirty-two points.
, "I always sing to please mysalf,"
our devil, who ba a voice like a young
remarked on of our compositor.
aid a convict,' a ke entered a penitaa
tiary, "No natter," said th keeper,
"w hav but on -language hare nr"'
very little of that" . ,
'Oa hearing that tbe shock ing eraali. -tion
of th firemen' bos bad resulted, (a
tha destruction of a large amount of
property, woman sat up all sight dam- .
ing her husband's stocking. ' ,J .
' "I haven't taken a drop of HqtKW fcr m
year," said an individual of qiatinnaBt
morula. "Irn-lewL But ; which of f""
feature ara w to believe yooT ,-'.."
youranar , Y f -. ' ( ,
'7iIViti AtulSl1 ZW I w- JI .
down ki rail fenos, and hailed ki4 w
know th reason. Tbs re)ly waa that If v
waa sudtlenly aeixed with the shakes, and 1
was holding on to tha Cmo for Nppawtv ' i .
It it aid of a popular lecturer that oat .
announcing to hi wife, who had her own . u '
ojiinion about hi talent, that k was go- " -t
ing to lecture at Sheffield, th lady re '
plied, "At Sheffieldl Tm o glad. at.
way. bated those Sheffield people, ' '
What it the difference between a rho- -
dodendron and a cold apple-dumpling f
(Perfectly obvious, and yet nobody aver
guesses it) Why, of coursa, tb en ia ;
a rhododemlron, and the other it a oold '
' Jennie," laid a venerabl (meronk' ,
an to hi dacghtor, who waa asking ki
consent to accompany her argent and av-
vored suiter to the altar ''Jennie, It a
very solemn thing to get suarried." "I
know it father," replied tha eausi hie dam
sel; "but it' a great deal aulemner not
to do no." .
A Tale of Woe. I clasped bee tiny
hand in mine, I clasped bar h&autiotuv
form; I vowed to shield bar from th
wind, and from th world' old storm
Sh aet her baautiou eye oa ma, tha
Jean did wildly How, and with her little
lips sh said, "Confound joa I let ma
A little girl remarked to ker auunma,
on going to bod; "I'm not afraid of th
dark." "No, of course you an not," re
plied her mamma. "I wa a littl afraid
once, when I went uito tha pantry to get,
a tart" "Wbat'wero you afraid ofT
asked her mamma. "I waa tMd I
tould not find tS " --
Aa Ohio editor, who waa crowdtd in
tbe Niltaua jam at CHunnnaU, truthfully
writes: "I thought my wit had th
ahvrjcittknee in Ohio, but tb ain't a
cinuiivatanc to tlmae Cinciiinall gill I
One of them pushed her kue against my.
leg, and it feels aa if I bad been vaccina
Say th Paulmiat: U Buketk my
ftet lik kind' feet" A Negro praac W
read it "ben feet," and proceeded to say,
"dot a ban in tli kea roost, wbea fat foils
to sleep, tighten it grip, au' aot to full
ofl. And my bretlera dear ob da (bo
foundation on Peten lost ob agea, data
bow da tru faith, my btuobod hradau,
holds ou to da reck.
An ludianapoli paper thus sum up
th divoro autrkat : Brisk competition
among tb lawyitr ha brought dowa th
price of tlivorvw very low ia this niar
het W quote; Common seprataun,(
415; small alimtaiy, 0 125, Wge alimo
ny, 0 to tVioo. IW ara but ftrw
of lb latter in tb aiarket. Utiaaral
buaiueat good aud utctetuuug.
"Now, children." (aid a Sunt lay-school
gentleman vUiUsr, who had Wu talk
nig to tb achoUn about "gout" people
aud "bad'peopls "no, childna, wnen .
1 am walking ia that sirurt. I speak to
urn perautat 1 niotl, and 1 don't
apeak to olliers; and what th rttuauiT
lie expected tliO reply Would bs, "Ba
eaue tome an gtod and other bad.
allUt "Beua aan are rick aa4
but, to but ducviuhluj, in gvuerat
other an poorT