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In PuMWhril «ver) mo ntu I • ,xv 'P- Monlsjo
TMH in nil.o MifMTlJt*- WMfFAJIYi
OfFU'R Herald si.'iiu> B»*h»ii4i J«»»
ITliltiiiJi M»»*t| -M"'"". ..iiv.'l, oppo.il.' Hie
. ouii ilou-i'.
p.-r an nn 1.1. ll) io ol oii'\|.|i". Iljj
Si x month . ;j
j'hree month* " " •'•
delivered h\ .• ul ie.per week. -• < .-in*
Ulecrtl ieii tv Inserted at liberal rail t.
Leo.urn by Roy. Dr. Patter ..on.
Irrttwltirii ■<« «•"• • <.•>■—ivnctieui PMm
jl '..|nlll<li 11.
was iI N »1 i:u.
I er.msed lhe Santa Ana rlvef last
Week, UUd Hi.' 1 I »'tM a-l.»lii-li<«l at
ill® wu-deuf walor roiim "li. Al tlie
placeoi erri ring the river • |in :i !-»ivi r
id .ut HMt yard*, and the ftVpth "I' the
water, overall Ull« siiiiae , I*
three In four inches, Calculate the
evaii.nati.iii from nil till*sulfa.*, an.l
voii will Und there la water enough
waded tr. ma single mile I i supply
lhe whole Hittleuienl of Ri¥t«f*kle tor
n Mai. And thr* is not all; thebedof
ilic-divam is of ipiici.-sand which is
rendered a lltleflrinal IhccroHMlng, but,
at either-ill.-, an animal would sink
lIOWII. Thai anil is absorbing lhe wa
ii' throughout its whole course, ami,
from this cause alniie, o.ie-half of the
water above never roaches I c ow. This
r not a solitaiy inslane.'of theabsorp-
I ion of water by 'be sandy bedsof the
si reaill*. 1 h'TO ale instances nt \\ bole
rivern sinking til the dc-.rl the C.ir-
HOtJ) for instance.
fo coiiie now to simpler matters, are
not the inhabitants ol your own city
daily wasting much water, which you
luea to Irrigate your b.autlful gar
dens? A couple of days since fwasat
a itcntteiMUll's place in this city, and
saw him water his nets. All lhe wa
ter which ftwetl towaid his orchard for
three hour and a half, was absorbed in
I hcilitch before a drop reached his t roes.
It was evident, to my mind, that less
thatj half the water was- usefully fib
plied, The remainder wj*s Utm in
Let v.< now look al all that has boon
d io* toward
iKIUGATIoN HY N VITo.SS OF Till" l\*isT.
The liist King of Ki>yi»t, -,"S7 years
■ efoio Christ, was the lirst irrigator of
whom we haveany reco'nY. But, With
legard to this kinV. we are informed
i nit lie turned die eutiise or I In-- river
Nile. See tlie greatness nf • this
Work, ami the vast importance of it lo
(lie well/are ul' Kg.vpl. At'l. r hini, we
have ref*oms of a Ifueen of tlie Assyri
. us; and after this,we have the records
I the Babylonian iiKiiiarelis, who m¥f*
. neil the' land called Mi s,,potuinia.
These lauds poulticed one hundred fold.
Thin was the result of the am ienl sys
lein of in itiation mi the plainsof BtIDV
.;. a <i.lie hiishel of .Wiril |iru(lllee(l UKJ
bushels! The Chinese at a very etiny
period -about six centuries before
t 'hrisl had an extensive system of ca
nals. The ureal canal -if I 'lima is 1,91 M
aiiles long, UU(J waters a plain pf27jOQG
>- uirfrv utiles., t>verllifs|i!!iiiiisi\ pop
llalioil <*f -!<»,• 00,1100 uf pcoplc,(lepeild
,lll; mi it fur their daily I'm I.
amkuica N i RR ui.yriox.
Turning to our own land, we find
thai irrigation was pnictiie<l, long be
fore tie- advent of th 'whit'S, by the
A/lees, and hy I In- early iuhahilanls nf
fAntral America. In ('.dorado, too,
where late exploring parties have dis
covered the" nlins of cut stone houses,
ivmaiiH of ihc ditches of that ancient
people are lo he— ecu at the present
Uayv lit India from ihe earliest pe
riod, we find that irrigation has been
i tract iced, and we hud thai all the great
iiidnaivlis „| [ihlUi were distinguished
for Iheii' laws in Ibis i-espcct. The
British have taken up that work there;
and are carry ing it «ni successfully.
IRRIGATION Al' THE PRKSCXT TIME.
In regard to' irrigation as it is going
on ut the present time, it would be im
i ussihle fur me to speak ai this lime
anil refer to all ihc countries w herein it
|H the rule. I have therefore selected
Lllee, |o which I w ill refer, and the
i isl of these is Sent land. It is a
, Kir country, hut out- where the arts of
tan have supplied the wants of man.
RKSri.TS IN SI'OTI.AND.
Near Edinburgh, the PortobeUo mea
\ -iw* are Irrigated by a mountain
; ream Wtlll'U isconducied thrnugh me
,• Iv.uiml caniesaway with it the refuse
ii receives in Its course. This forms a
kind of liijiliil manure when used for
I'TU-alimt, Tne meadows thus watered
are cut rive tittle* (luring tlie year, and
ma- of these live cuttings has been
known lo yield ten foils to the acre.
The annual rent of these meadows
M from t'-U to do per acre. This
shows what can be dune hy proper
il ligation to land which, us iv this
.'c,without artificial irrigation would
lie worth perhaps t'4 per acre. You
> 11 live, some of yin|, to see this city
WW up to have Iflft.MftU inhabitants;
ml, when that time shall come, you
ill not regard such figures excessive.
IN ANCIENT fJRRECE AND ITALY,
i ligation had been pracllPGO in the
l> ue of \'irgil,:uid improvements were
a it'iwaid introduced from time to
li ie; and the system of irrigation
ll! s been extended' over the whole pe
ll ciila. in the kingdom of I'icihiiont,
I, Miojouo acres are irritated hy canals.
T P increased value of Ibc luitd was"
c ininieiliiiteiesiiJl.aiul the iuciva.-ed
i, Blue 'of I he crop $15 per acre per yenr.
Virti can estimate for yourselves the
increase per annum ot sil'ii/iOU,! H I to
tho wealth of this kingdom by this
system of Irrigation. On tlie other
wide is the plain of Loin hardy, which
derive* its luxuriance from tlie waters
i<> whi' hit is irrigated. It has 1,-hiu
miles nf canals and ditches, and these
irrigate LMNl.inni acres of that fertile
plain. The Increased value there is
dace to live dollars per a re, and, if
vo i will inultinly that whole-number
i s five, you will have the whole in-!
, reaaeti value which this system of nr
lltlclal irrigation bus wrought in that
i o nti v. Italy diners from this coiui
• i v iv this, tluil it is more nf a garden
I bah a farm. There are small patches
~1, every hand, producing every va
v that Ihe soil may he made to bring
, h, instead nf farms. We will now
Pilot KKll To INDIA,
v. i ich furiilKlun a 'must remarkable
. : uiiple of the ust- uf irrigation. In
i U t by far the larger portion of the
Los Angeles Daily Herald.
people depend for their daily food on
irrigation. It is owing chiefly to this
cause tbat the English maintain their
empire and control in India. It ii not
the British army tbat holds the na
tives in subjection, for the handful of
troops c.uilil not resist if lhe people
ruse up attainst them; but the advan
tage with I hem is, that tbo people of
India are dependent upon the English
Unvcrnmcnt for their daily bread,
through their system of irrigation,
which renders t heir lands valuable and
capable of producing crops. Should
anything baptjfcnjro these canals the
people must fall victims; as, in the
breaking of the liaAgfe, where ft,ono,
iHhi people perished of starvation. The
(iainjes . anal Is KIM) miles king, includ
ing ItH hrancbes. Kroni these, the wa
ter is conducted over the rice lields un
til tlie rice has begun to form iv lin
ear, and then only, is the water allowed
to dry otl'. There arc
v.utiiu ssv.srr.Msor iiikihatiiin i-ru
.'.•U'Kli IN INIHA.
I have referred lo the lice lields, as
requiring the greatest quantities of
water for their cultivation, flic sys
tem of watering the fruit trees, grow
ing on the liill-ii.les,isanother system
..f irrigation, lv this case the water
taken over the dam is ti st taken from
the highest level. You dig, at a dis
tance of ikl leet lrom tbe dam,a trench
sufficient lor the purjiosesof irrigation.
The smaller trenches are about nine
inches broad and nine inches deep.
Along this, two feet irom it, the trees
are planted. Thirty feet further down,
the trees are avail] planted two feet be
low the trench; and so on, until the
ground is oove.ed; the canals or
treliclie- for irrigation being 30 feet
apart. Canalt are then cut downward,
connecting each one with tbe others.
Thes ■ are so arranged that a tree is al
ways in the angle of these canals. The
ivs'ult of ibis is that no tree can be
more than lo feet from water, and
sufficient will bo absorbed for all
purposes when the water is allowed
totlow. They believe iii night irriga
tion, too, and it Is certain that the fruits
produce,l from it "arc of a better flavor.
AN'OTHillt fH sTKM OF 1 llltlo VTION,
nut particularly applicable here. It isa
system pursued in Egypt, where, hy an
instrument like a well-sweep, one man
litis water from the Nile and throws it
intoatuh; another, al.ove him, raises
it to a third, who throws it ou the.
ground. Another is hy a water-wheel
turned hy the stream (a few uf which
I have >*cen here), with buckets at
tached tv carry the water nnd empty it
Into " pipe "hove; hut all these are ton
expensive fur this country, and hence
we need not further allude to them.
I.IIKU DHI.HOITUIK'S tiIIKAT 1 ANAI.
is-l'iil miles jm length. This canal is
used fur navigation as well as irriga
tion. The work uf constructing it cost
€7,. r iliu,iKHl; l.nt its iiieoine lias lung
since mure than repaid lliis cost, lu
lled, in IS~.u, the British Hoverie
incut's .land t i\ was tll.Oihi.iMK.l,.and,
in ISIJI, it liail increased to eighteen
millions in cunse(|iience nf the increase
in thciiu.'iioil.v of land irriii'iteil Here,
then, was about t.;,(NMi,ll(Ki added tulhe
wealth uf the British F.uipire annually,
and the work did nut post om-httrf the
income uf uiie year, or, iiwither word*,
the uiimial ineuiiie inure than dojubly
paid the cost of eoustrtietiuti. What
has thus heen dune hy these native",
workineat ten cents a day the value
nf the rice tiny consume- under the
direction nf the' Knglish government,
could surely he dune hy Americans un
der our system nl labor, mul directed
hv such a government as that of the
United Slates. Permit nic, then, to
speak uf the
XKt I'SSITY FOU f URKiATIIIN WifWff
KXIHTS IS Tills ST A Tl-:.
I cannot at this moment go into an
investigation of .the condition ot Kan
sas, Texas and Western Missouri,
which stiller from drouths unci- in some
seven or eight years from the want of
rain. There arc Sti,OiMl,niiO of acres of
fanning land reported in this State,
and of this hi,unn,i'On acres are reported
tit for the plow, and tlie greater part of
which it is possible to irrigate. We
have the report of the Commissioner
liiat there are ll,(HH',oiK) acres iv Sac
ramento aml Sun Joaquin valleys,
Which can be profitably irrigated. This
estimate does out, as I understand, in
clude any ot the lands in your county;
and it does nut include huge tracts of
irrigable ground in other valleys of
this State. Now let us take for grant
ed that there are -iU.niin.lMHi acres of
land capable of irrigation in IhisState.
Let us also suppose thai ihe total in
crease of income is no greater than it
was iv Italy before the perfection of
their great system of irrigation; that
is, that tlie rent would be increased s;i
per acre, and the pro.hid live times as
mUCh. The result would be to add Sls
per acre to the value of the laud that
is now in need of irrigation. At pres
ent, this land has only 'a . nominal
value, being used largely for grazing
purposes. The atl,Utll»,(lUrt acre* lints
used and capable of cultivation, multi
ply by the increased value, of per
acre, and you will have an In
creased value of iffttlU.uiKi.lHHi added to
the wealth of the Stale. These are
facts. In 18b1 there? was less tbaiMiua
million acres of land utulc rculuvatimi
in this State. In 1*72 last year -
there were nearly live millions. You
observe, in these llgures, the ratio of
the increase. We are quadrupling ev
ery ten years. If this Statei-proceed
even no faster than this, in tv years
from to-day there, w ill be
acres of land under cultivation. The
vultieof the products last year ainouni
etJ tv S7"i,ltno,imn. These consisted nf
Wool, hides, grain, fruit, etc. Of these
$50,tMIO,<lftl> was ex|x>rted. The value
bf wheat alone was *2>,*IIUOU. There
was a time when mineral* were the
great export from California; but the
industries of the country have changed,
and, lo*t y ear, the grain exports a/ci'«v
about the some as the gold.
VM ATInVAI. SVSTKM OK I 11ß11l ATIOM.
I think I have made It evident, by
the experience of tlie other countries,
that a single year's increased value of
the lands of California would pay the.
whole expense of a great system .of
State and national Irrigation. Such
being tlie case, let ihe direct your at
tention to the necessities of the State
In this matter. We have the money,
water and land, and we can get the
men. This thing cannot be done by
private enterprise. It is impossible,
for, in the first place, the work is too
great for private enterprise. More than
this, the disputes and litigation would
lie constant. So greut would be the
amount of litigation between partita.
LOS ANGELES, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1873.
c aiming water, that it would lead to
h:oils and civil wars'; and hence in all
nations it has become a national mat
ter. In Egypt, we find in the tomb of
Joseph a ifni of his lit le* upon the
wall,and among these one that be was
"Superintendent of the Kull and
Empty Channels of Irrigation." In
whatever country a system of irriga
tion has been successful, it has been
under the control and management of
the government. Tiie ownership of the
water, which makes the laud valua
ble, it ought not to lie placed in tbe
hands of any private parties, It is the
lirst priiici,i,c of a republic that all the
people shall protect all (heir natural
rights. It |.H not, therefore, the policy
of our government to raise up a laud
ed aristocracy,by placing public neces
sities at the disposal of private par
tie-'. It is the policy of the I'nitcd
States in distribute the public lauds in
parc-Is io every settler, and to have
the land tilled with proprietors. 'Ihe
water must l»e distributed on liken
publican principles, an I not put Into
the hands of moneyed aristocrats. A
republican government is the suitable
agent for this distribution. In order
that the work of instituting a regular
system of irrigation might be well
c iiisidered, the government of this
State should select a c ihimlttsion of
four or live civil engineers, and lour
or five landholder*, and empower
them to visit India, China, Italy,
Belgium, Scotland, and other na
tions of extensive resources for Irri
gating, to collect information of Im
portance front the experience of those
countries. You arc yet a new country
and can learn much more than yon
think from those older ones. It is
only twenty-six years since the United
States acquired this country from
Mexic i, and abroad there arc nation
that have been irrigating from twenty
to forty centuries, and we can leaitl
something from thetn by men who w 11
go among them, leave the cheat and
gather in the wheal.
When ttiH c.imiiiisglon mines burnt,
they should be empowered to bring
witll them those who have been rais
ing (orcenturies all those products for
which our soil is templed. They will
be able to tell you something. I un
derstand iii-ii there Is a great difficulty
in diving tigs here. Now one of those
fellows whom I saw in Syria could dry
your tig* without any (rouble. You
would find them docile and tractable,
and more intellectual than the Chi
nese. I make this suggestion here, and
th.o.v it out for all it is worth.
When tiie State takes up tiiis sy stem
of Irrigation, it should at once he put
iii practice, lite system would he such
as would eennniiiise all the great rivet*
us well as the smaller streams around
yon. It would give employment to
•ill our various races of laborers.
There is a law in science thai the
simple is less dignified than the com
pound. Tlie polypus is less than the
molhisk, and the oyster is less than the
salmon. The lower animals are lent)
dignified than man, who combines iv
himself all the excellencies of those
below. The same truth applies to the
bodies politic, Tlie simple mil ions of
known antiquity, the Inilfems,and the
negroes of Africa arc less important
than the nations which arc composed
of a greater variety nf elements. All
the great nations have heen distin
guished fur their variety. Babylon
was the mistress of \2~ provinces;
Thebes opened her gates to the dele
gates from as many dini-rent prov
inces; ancient Rome gathered in her
million from the suiToiindiiig nations,
and her ancient capital, to which these
nation.* carried their tributes, still re
main 1 . So of the modern nation*.
Great Britain takes tribute from all
the nations of the earth. The various
production" "f India, and the minerals
of Australia, together wRII the wealth
from the other quarters of ihe globe,
combine to enrich that country a na
tion upon whose territory (he sun
MAMKOLI) CH V«ACi'KR AND COMPOSI
TION Oh- Tin: ameihcan; people.
The people of Ihc United States are
made up of all the ci\ili/.cd nations,
wlio have brought with (hem their
natural characteristics and their skill
in the various professions. They have
brought with tuem the experience of
centuries, to enjoy among us the bene*
Tits of our government and its excel
lencies. All the great nations of the
past and present sent to the end* of the
earth to obtain all tlie advantages
Which (Jod has bestowed on tlie people
of the United States in their own land.
We have at our own doors all that
those nations valued most highly in
tlie past. We have here the indomit
able enrage of the Indians, the in
dustry of the negro, the patient Inge
nuity of the Chinese. We have tlie
sturdy Scotchman, the robust Knglish*
knan.thc Frenchman, thetferman, and
the irishman, seeking a held for their
various labors anil resources. From
the hills of the north the Scandinavian
emigration is pouring in upon us, The
Black Forest .Of ticrmuuy,- and tlie suu
nv south—theh"thousands are coining
to us. The active Frenchmen arc com
ing[to your eoai>t, and the gravity of
tlie noble Hpaiiiard is to b*\ met with
on yoiir streeTS, bearing the stamp of
thai character of courage and adven
ture, which lirst discovered anti after
ward colonized America. All these
Come to seek tiappy homes in your
beaut If ill land. Your rivers and moun
tains are filled with the precious met
als, and your fruit trees arc bending be
neath tlie iveight-of their golden fruit.
Here is the land of freedom, w-herein
Men do not toil in vain; the bountiful
home which opens its arms and In
vites all io come. AJi have heard of
It; its lame has become"the watchword
of liberty. Immigration is pouring
ils wealth over your soil. We say to
lliein, "Ooniel fAihjie! There is room
enough for you and us ton. Only do
not seek to undermine the foundations
ft tills .temple -of liberty, or imperil the
liriiiciples ou which our republic rests.
' line, but become. Aiueric.au.s_ UAid ac
cept n..t iaiiy our Soil and our we'
come, but our institutions too. Let us
work together to build up our common
country .and soon we shall be among
the most populous as well as the rlehe t
nations of tho-earth. And the neigh
boring Stales will mm* foruiiuexatinii
to our great republic, and We shall be
ready to receive them. And, as time
rolls'forward, this greul nation shall
increase in population and power, and
before the close of another century,
these lauds, from Portland,-Maine, to
Portland, Oregon, will furnish means
of subsistence for a hundred mllnons
of inhabitants - citizens of one land,
sheltered bemntUt -b# tho' of one com
mon country ~W IJTnad
OR. N. P. RICHARDSON,
pitYSKTAN AND SURfJEON.
uKKh'K -No. ii Doimexf' I'.io.'k. nfhUMfw,
DR. A. S. SHORB,
I JOMtEOP ATMll' I'IIVSHMAN.
OPWt'R N« iiiy o|>|M>sitethe Past QAtee.
KKKIDKNi'K -No. PlKmnklin sireel.
DR. H. S. OR MB,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OKPIf E ANDIiKsIIiKNI X In r.iiiifiiineo'-i
Itiill.lhe.:. No. 71 Mttln -lii-i'l.
Office Hoiik uom in a. d. io I V. Nt., and
lrom 2 to :i I. It. 002-lf
DR. JOSEPH KURTZ,
pHYSIUAN AND Si ROEON,
iiKKH i: AND lIFSIDK.NOK hi H.Mnseh'-
I'loek. I olilliiiT. 11.1 Mini l.o« Aiufelw- Mtre.-O.
»«" Sp, ii a I lUtenUoa iml.l IO dise«..-ioi ihe
KYI' AND KAIt. o,«Ml
DR. J. W. OLIVER,
J j OMtEOPATHIST.
OPFI«*K VND HKsliiKM'K. Hpi-in* ,tr.nt,
op|H,Niti- H,n Muyoi's HlMce. oc'2-lptf
D. W. C. FRANKLIN,
MEI H A NIC A L, OPERATIVE
AND SHKOKON lIX NT INT.
oi' l' ICK -:ki spring rtreet, next io Klre Kn
»•'»«. Hotl*C. oe'2-lf
it. k. s. o icki.vknv. ii. t. iiaH van.
O'MELVENY & HAZARD,
OFFICE IN TEMPLE BLOCK,
1." is ANOKLKs. I'M..
mii spci'ial :un niion given lo hnxiheKH in
the I iiil.'.l Ktiili's l.iiinl ultici'. OMMf
A.lll. VMSKI.I., ,i. a. SMITH.
\. 11. I'll M'M.A.N, 11. U.SMiril.
GLASSELL, CHAPMAN & SMITH.
1 TTORNEYS AT LAW,
iiKKH'i: TKMI'I.i: III.IM X ui-Kl.iirM, Ixis
Angeles, Cii I Horn in. oi'2-li
JAMES C. HOWARD,
I«I UT \ N, OMM ISS|ONER,
lioM o,'>'s.ll oik, l..'H Angeles. oe2-tf
A TTAIJiNKa AT LAW,
tiKKK'K No. ISO .wney Block f.of Anyfeles.
i ii-'i, o e2-l in
CM VIII.HS hIMMW. .1. S. THOMfSOV.
LINDLEY A THOMPSON,
iiKKH 'X jtmra N0..(. Downey Block. oe2
W.'i.. KAKSIIALA.. WILL 11. ..ol i.|,,
MARSHALL Ul COULD,
A T'I'ORNKYS AT LAW OFFICE
■* opposih' the Court House. I'imiiiis Now,
is liud ll> T.-mple Block, I.os Ang.•!.•*, Till.
WIM practice ill nil tin- l omtsoi thlf>stutc,
mul nlf • lid to hli-lncss in I. N. I.iunl Offlee.
LEW. C. CABANIB,
NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEY
niii'i'i no,I scnichi r oi It ionl- lor this
• iKKK 'F. No. 41 Timtdc Ul. ck, Lou Angc
11.1 - , I 'a I horn in. oe2-ti
V. E. HOWARD & SONS,
TK.MI'I.K lil.ui'K, I.US ANOKIKs.
A. A. WILSON,
UKKB'K llooio No.-11. Tempi. Block, UpH
Angeles, I'lilitoi tl ill. oe2-lf
a. ii. jruso\. ,i. H . uiLi.KrrK.
JUDSON & GILLETTE,
UIvMII HERS OF RECORIIS
k ' AND I'UN VKV ANI'KRS.
TK MPI.K lII.IM X, 1,1 »S A KOKI.EM)
G. W. MORGAN,
Kour doors -ouili of Imp Posi i nil.-•, l ioopl.-
Illock, Do* Aitgefe*. iVilifoinlti.
ttfc »HiNKY Tv I.UAN. 0.'2-ll
BARBERS BATH HOUSES.
Barber Saloon & Bath House.
HAIR TRIMMIXO, SHAVING,
SI! Ull'UDlNt;, BATHS, Krc.
This cHliihlNlirn.'nt hit* jest liecn refitted,
und, iiltei- h iviag •'■igug-'d Hie bn.l liurhers in
tin-cits, I |i'spi'.-ll'iili> ixdicit ciisiom from nil
who w:nil woik executed in Hi.' heel M\le.
Mnkcslhe BATIII.NII BI SINKSSii mpeelal
l> , nnd hus the tlm'sl <el of Bulh Itooiin In (be
c'.ly. IMS I'lider Ihe Bella I'liion. oc2-lmjp
SAM. JUNES, *
PItuPUIKTIiR AND \IAS.UIK.It
Hot. Cold and Shower Baths.
Kh i\ing und BulhiUg Kinpoiium. No. 78
Muni KtriM l. oc2tf-lp
PROF. GREEN S BARBER SHOP.
VfEXTTO GATES & NOYES' AND
mull i llie " Kvpnss " offle.-, TKMI'I.K
Hi .v. rKi
As Piml. Uri'i ii hus the hest iiv.'iiluhlc asslst
nilis to he |uoi ured in the Slut ■,
Hair Cutting, Shaving and
Will li.' performed In lhe lusi style of the ion
son.ll nil, (K'Vlui
ADAM A NELSON,
HAVING ESTA BUSHED TH EM
si'hcs ul the old stand ol
1.. I'eier. ..pposlle the Pontt-<»M.ee.
si'KlNu nTRRKT, are 'prepared 1.. till ALL
ilitDK.lts in the
Latest A Most Fashionable Styles.
' - X flue assort liicnl of
Mul eve'o'thlng in Ih.' line always on inunl.
»» A OOOD KITOI'AKANTKKD IN AIX
i ASKS. I live us a l 'all. oe2-lmlp
V! I NTH STREET, BETWEEN
.iA Uruishoppvr and Orlffln slrei-l-,
Oenllemen's, HOTKI. AND HKSTAI'KANT
WXSHI.NiJ (loin-on reiisonahh- lorms.
PKAItI. Bl' ITHiNS s.'W'edon, und ordiunry
MKNDINO don.-, WaHhlngouiled for und de
livered, KKEK uK CHAIHiV.
W i irder «j'ih- nt flrodcrlok's Book Store.
00-Mmlp J -. o'NKTI..
FORWARDING & COM MISSION.
J. L. WARD <fe CO.
LOMfiUN Ai$U.iAKC£ COAPOkaTIuK;
UN OH iMiUtANCE COIPANY D» SaN FriANCISCd.
COIMEhCIaL MARINIi tM&URAMCC COMPANY,
,i'omMncd usset.s exceed fell,(11)0,Ouli
ixKUWi Flfi EXTIMSUISNtfI;
BAtCEK i H>M:LTON'S ASNCUI (UiUL «AiHiKm,
frtt tatß.urtu VAIN iAfiW:
SWAN MEWEIY CO.'S ALE AMI M.iTEH.
HELLMAN. HAAS & CO.
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
HAVK Kirn SAI.R
THE PUREST GROCERIES,
THE BEST PROVISIONS,
Liquors, Cigars and Tobacoo
Of tin l ehoicent Imported Brand*.
Paints, Oils. Doors. Sashes.
BUNDS, KABMINd IMPI.KMKNTs.
iluu i (• !.•>- Angeles and fnmnnilnl Mm.,
n<-:i| LOW AXOK.I.KN. Ilm-.p
I. B. FERGUSON'S
I* (tie KtclllNl.c 4«tlimti»Hl«»li llu.lh.' Ot
K« lo lor Kterjthing I'iiu Waul.
( KIMM ISSION MEROHA XT.
\.> Oencrnl dealer In all kind* of COPS'.
TKY I'KOin i TIONS,
Hides, Grain and Wool.
Makes lulvaiiivs nn i'oiisfgum.'iits to ull
parts in tlu- Pnll-d Stat.--. Ho*. 21 and M
AllsoS'., I.iMS ANOK.LKH. oc.Vlylp
J. C. JACKSON
l.i i'p-. .ill kinds ol
Lumber, Shingles, Laths,
DOORS, Wl SHOWS, HLIVDH,
Pon( n. HlliAUemu
(L'EMENT AINI3 lIAIIt.
Alameda and First Streets.
PERRY, WOODWORTH &, CO.,
AND IT.AMNO MIMA
no. r« ctiMMKnriAii NT.
Keep .oiistnntlt on liund n full assortment
or i.r.uiiKit, rxiOKH, sash, moi'i.imnos,
BLINDS, TI'KNKD AND SAWKIi WORK.
All kinds of mill work done to order. oc2
GRIFFITH. LYNCH & CO.
DEALERS IN LUMBER.
CuRNKR KlltsT AND AI.AMID\ STs).
Mill Work of all Kinds,
DOoKs, SASH, BUNDS, Kit., r ll'.
S. H. .'ISWU.L. I. V. KI.LIS.
CASWELL * ELLIS,
Aud Healer*, lv Ueueral .Herch«»»«ll*e, j
m ANIi 82 M AIN STKKKT,
oei-t t I.os Anoki.ts,
DEPOT AT LOLLS MESMER'S
WINK i XI.I.AX, iin.lcnieiilh tie- 11,14.
Hotel. Wine l.y tin- hm*'i; hoittc or .lull.>ii.
All kinds hi'
Liquors, Wines and Bitters
hi nfcwkiiilpMnl ifhiil.
110 plllilii'of I,os Angeles hi.' herchy notl
fl st th v no other peroon In l*m Angeles Jlmil
|.oui* Mesinci hus wines from tlie Coeoinongo
ranch I. 1,. SANSKVAIN.
LOS AN6ELES SODA WORKS,
No. IS A I.ISO NTBEET.
HENRY W. STOLE, Pkopkiktob.
supplies Our Rooms und prlvHle fnnil-
Hm with (lie puiest und best
MIDI AMD NAKNAPAKII.I.A.
DeUvered to any part of the /city. _ m-Mm
CAROLINE C. BURTON.
1 A DIES' HAIR DRESSING IN
all Htyh-y. Wt kW, OT' lU.s AN H WV
TKItKAUX, made al Ih" shortest notice.
T-tNOLKD HAIR sTBAIOHTKNI.D ANn
MA ME INTO ANY SIIAI'K.
»* IVii'iiiiii's oi ih.- lUwwt finality on hniid
and li.r side. NO. H SPRINU STREKT, I/w
Angvles, California. oc'.'-tf
piRST STREET, LOS A'NO ELKS.
Pine Lager Beer for sale
IN TO SPIT.
ocs-H.ilp JOM. DKIHKR.ProprI.-ior.
Bill Poster and Distributer.
H ANDBILLS, OIRCCLARS. Pk<
. ORAMMK.s, Nn'l li'KH, K.tc ndthfully
IDsTKIi OU DIHTRIBI'I'HD throughout the
city and country.
N. B. -I'artleit ut a distance enu sond ai y
tlilng I hey wlih posted or dlntrlhuted Ilk 'he
city or Nurinnndlng country, with nmur.. nre
that the work will he nOthl'uUy done
onlers niuv lie left at the office of 'It > Daily
IIKHAin. ' HAM. BKKDK, ,
LIFE INSURANCE CO.
or rHit'MA, if.i isesa
Cash Capital. . H1,000.000
n.-rtitehes tv Mil (be SJSSMHM Ihe t'alM.
HAVIXO NOW COMPLETED
lhe or<unlcatlon of our
Wo inke pleusurc In announcing that our Pa*
einc Coast Stockholders have elected the lol
lowinu well-known citizens as ortlccrs of our
TIB»"•. L HUL, WM. U. M'HFATON
A. 1.. OPRNLY Secretary pro tent
JAK. T. BOYD. Attorney
THOS. BRuWN Treasurer
CH VS. BCItIIKLL Medlcul ITSOOkflter
Xi ff ulivt ('••nxhutte?:
OLIVER ELDRIDGE, JOS. A. DONOHOE,
J AS. T. BOYD. OKO. W. BEAVER,
( HAS. BCRRELL. THOS. BELL,
f. R. PERRIN.
OLIVER I'.I.DBKIaIK.LKLAND STANFORD
IIKO. \V. BK WKR, TWOS. BROWN.
N. O. KITTLE; C. CHRISTIANSEN,
JOHN K. MILLER, THOS. ft. SELBY,
.1 AS. T. BOYD, R. K. MORROW.
C. I. BRENH A M, S. F.BI TTERM oRTH
M. IX SWEENY', OKO. H. WHKATON,
I. FRIEDLANDKIt. WM. BTRLINO,
A. BLACK, THOS. A. BALL,
lOS. A. DONiitloK, WM. R. WHEAToN,
THOS. BELL, E. B. PKRRIN,
C. T. KVI,AND, WM. Is DICKENSON
W d. s. I. VDD.
REPUBLIC LIFE INSURANCE CO.
Was char I'red by special uetofthe Leglsla
lureofthn State of Illinois, nud commenced
doing business iv July. IH7O, liiuklng It now
Just three years old. lis plan of organisation
was to have
g5.000.000 Capital Htotk,
with twenty per cud. paid In,and the balance
subject to call. With BRANCH ORGANIZA
TIONS of stockholders In the leading business
centers of the country, composed of the best
business men thus making a Company of
National extent and prestige, and yet a
HOUR COMPANY AT EACH BRANCH.
The Company at this dale has policies In
lone covering over (SUHMOO at risks, with an
annual Income Of over
ALL ASSETS OE PACIFIC BRANCH IN
VESTED ON THIS COAST.
Capital stock of Pacific Branch,
o\ er 4 SMtON M
Invested In Mortgages on Real Es
tate in C.illlornia during the last
four months, over t 00
DM I"ollcles issued nt Pacific Branch
duringsaßM period, Insuring 1,212,1 da On
« hArif*-* fur In«*ar«nee 3.1 per Ival.
Less than Mutual Compaules.
T II ■ It X 1» IT It I. 1 C
Dws not borrow THK C APITAL of l«ollcy
holders on PROMISES to return the same at
some INDEFINITE future period and CALL
IT A DIVIDEND.
In presenting the claims ol THE REPPB
LIC to the patronage of the people of this
Coast, we shall at all times aim to be gov
erned by sound businesseonslderullons, and a
due regard for the rights und merits ot NHS'
pel lug eonipnill.-s.
OFFICE OF THK PACIFIC lilt \NOH.
NO. *i? CALIFORNIA MTRKKT.
Below Sunsonic Streci.
MAIN ST., ft*vii>\ ELI.s.FAROOA Co
Mukes tin most fashioiiabh slylcoi
0 r r Hißf «
to be obtained tv Ih.- .soiuln-rn cr.milry. Also
[ v large slock ilf the
| Newest and best Cloths
Doeskins. Beavers, Fancy fnsslmeres. Velvet
und Silk Vestlngs, etc. A lit guaranteed.
Refers to the principal gentlemen of ihe city
for whom he has made clothing.
No necessity to send lo San Francisco for
goisl nttlng suits. orfltf-lp
Everybody knows the old Man
BANK EXCHANGE BILLIARD
SALi m IN. run by F. SIONORFT.
Choicest Liquors, \
Customers received by the old man himself,
who has been lv attendance since I SIM. He
welcomes all his old customers und pleases
Hie new ones.
The BEST BARBER SHOP In the city is
with this establishment. Clean towels, care
ful employees. oc.Vlm
| JOHN OSBORNE.
IHONKER PACKAGE EXPRESS
1 YNDCITX. PACKAGE DELIVERY.
MOVING PIANOS AND ORGANS
Pianos Unpacked and Repacked.
Anything Delivered, from an Envelope to
the largest Case ever shipped, to all parts of
Ihc city and country. Buggngi- culled for In
time for the trains.
• « Leave orders on the slate mI the offlee, in
Wells, Fareo St Co,*s ortlce, corner Main and
Market streets, or P. O. box 9W. oc i-lmls
Shop on First Street,
Between Mala and Spring, Los Angeles.
M* Jobbing do'i. neatly ami with Dispatch.
pASTRY AND CHOP HOUSE,
White H*iM RulMlNg, Ul Augele* St.
0-* Keeps eohoUptlg the FRESHf¥.T AND
PI'REST PASTRY, aitd the mo t dhlhioui
CHOPS. MEALS AT ALL HOPRS.
ED ON A L.
SPANISH AND FRENCH
TNSTRUCTION IN FRENCH AND
A SPANISH will be given to In the
aitcrnoons or rveulnijs, hy
MISS JOSEPHINE LINOLEY
T E B II Ni
To n class of five or loan, per lesson |2 Oil
To a class 01 any number over live, per
lesson at vi
For further particulars, inquire ut the offlee
ol tho Loa A NGRLKri lIXMAI.K, oi ' Lindlf) *
Thompson, or at the Pico Hons,.
1 IrfAUTMENT Oi IJLNUV VOKS.
OAKI.INT). Jltly 11, 1872. J
Herewith I certify that Mhs Josephine Llnd
ley has been v student In my department ot
the Cnlvershy for Aye consecutive terms, vlt:
from September, IK7ii, to April Ad, HCi. IMrrUnt
this time she studied the French, tiie Spanish
und the German languages obtaining always
the highest murks Bir proili iein y and attend
anee, her average credit murk for five teuus
being 07 per rent.
On entering the University, Miss Llndlev
possessed already slieh knowledge of the
French and SpanUh idioms us to he able to
speak them with ease, fluency, correct nesii,
and a pure pronunciation.
She may now be conaldrred thoroughly i«
millar with the theory and philosophy, a* well
us with the application of these two tongues;
and slio may safely be recommended us a can
didate of great promise, lor (caehlng tbe
French and Spanish languages.
P. PIODA, Prof. Mi stem Language.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.
Josephine Llndlev has been declared by ihc
Fuculty entitled to Ihls Certificate of Pmfl
eleney In the departments of Ocnhigy una
Nuturiil lllslorv, ißotany and PliyslcnrOeoln
gy.i Belles Lett res, (Knglish Literature, HlMo
ry, Ancient and Modem,) Chemistry, Modci,,
Lungiiugcs, iKrench and Spanish.)
Henry nuriini, President of l'iii\ersity: E.
S. Carr, Prof. Chemistry; P. Piodn, Modern
Languages; Joseph Lel'oiite, Professor of Ge
ology and Natural History'; W'illlum Hwlntoii.
Professor of Belles Inures; Martin Kcl|og%,
Dean of the Kucully.
IHS Mftin Street. l4m Augele*.
THE SEVENTH SEM I-AN N ITAl T A L
Session of Ihls
IIhKCTDA V SCHOOL,
la which girls nnd boys receive v i'mjui,
PRACTICAI. INIM OMCI.KTK Knglish I'dueittlon,
commenced on MONDAY, AL'OL'sT 11, IS7T.
ft TERMS PER MONTH t
Knglish studies, Including (he ordinary
School Brunches, and liouhle-Kntry
Book-Keeplng and Algebra *5 do
Primary Geography, Second und Third
Readers 4 00
Chart unit Primer Classes ;> Ul
Latin, Phonetic Short-hund und (imm
ctrj'i per month I? DO
Competent Teachers oi Drawing*, Pairithis,
and the Modern Liimrim*! will i uiiiecini
with the institution.
For farther particulars, apply to the under
signed, at the School Building.
ocinil W._B. LAWLoR, Principal.
FRFNCH and SPANISH '.ESSONi;
IN THE FRENCH
and Spanish languages a-m & n... w i
or In private, eoiamenclng on
HI lIVISDAV, OCTOBEII I. MTA.
terms of rrrrioN:
Private lessons ..1 1 GO MC'tl
Twenty lessons iv uo
Lessons to any number of pupils
over five, for one month, throe les
sons every week, each pupil.' 2 00
French and SpunlshWhool for children ev
ery day (Saturdays executed.' ut I o'clock p.
M. TCITION, per month,?::.
For further particulars, inquire at No. 10T
Main street. Trausl ition of Fkkwii, Span
ish AND F.NOi.isil. K. V. C. ur MONDRAN.
Drawing and Painting.
INSTRUCTION IN CRaYoN, PEN
CIL AND PERSPECTIVE DRAWING.
In Coloring with India Ink arid Wuter Colors,
Oil. 1 J A I NT 1 X I*.
given at Hillside Cottugc, back of the naw
school-home. MRS. LC WHKA'I' SMITH,
i oc2tl .
ST. VINCENT'S COLLEGE,
I .OH VMIKLKH.
| TNDER THE CARE OE THE
L FATHERS or ST. VISCKNT ihc PAPL.
DEGREES CONFERRED, and the huh
complete Kdltcutlon given. No more Iwuutl
lull; situated spol iv Ihe whole of Southern
• Cnllfornlu. Apply by letter, or personally, to
REV. FATHER RICHAItDMON,
I HAVE THE FOLLOWING DE
scribed horses In my isi.-isef.skm at Ste
phens'corral, taken from '1 Ihiirclo Vasquei's
bund of MhMr». owners cim have th«lr stock
by proving property and paying charge*!
Two American work mures, one sorrel Hint
one brown, branded F with n hall circle ut ihe
One large sorrel work hose, p;;., hands high,
branded S (;.
One sorrel horse, having collar and saddle
murks, blase lv luce, left fore foot und leil
hind font white, bnindeit .1 K.
One so, re I horse supposed lo be a hulf-brced,
with collar and saddle-marks, fore uM't while,
strip In forehead; brand, two inverted J» With
One mom saddle-horse, btttd face, all f.
white, branded nnd vented with letter O, and
also branded wllh letter A with half circle ou
One large Iron-gray horse, hrnnded M 0 and
One Spanish saddle or work mure with coh.
Innnited M X, und nlao I A 1..
one light fcrav saddle-horse, branded .1 whti
hul i' circle.
• me dun mare, w hlte ninnc and tall, brand
ed I R and .1 G, and ulso J A L.
tine black iiuire, branded 1 wllh half circle
ul lop and bottom, and .1 A L.
One bay mare and >curling MM, branded I
One dun muru and sucWln;; eoit,~lu*a>. **d A
with Oon top.
i mc yearling dun coll, branded J A L.
WM. R. ROWLAND, slu-rltl.
Our Own Manufacture!
In th*' City!
A Large Stock of fresh Crack
ers always on Hand.
Ou hand and mode lo order ni ■ loet
Tanleftdly deoralel CA KKM of any dealgar at
reasonable price*. Also,
BREAD, PIES ANN CAKKS,
Fresh ever}' da>, v t the