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A Lecture Delivered Thursday Evening. No
vember 6, 1873, before the Teachers' As
sociation, by J. M. Guinn.
Rut, to return from this digression.
I doubt whether there are very many
college graduates who, having out
grown the foibles of their youth, ever
write the abbreviation for Master of
Arts after their name without being
struck with a sense of Its utter inap
propriateness to them. That a few
badly preserved Greek myths or Latin
quotations should make any man mat
ter of any art is simply ridiculous—
and, indeed, this is about all that is
left of our classical learning after v
few years of knocking about by this
very practical world. I know that I
would gladly exchange my classical
lore, garnered through years of weary
ing study, for a very limited amount
of accurate knowledge of chemistry,
geology and mineralogy; and the in
dividual who would make the trade
wouldn't get much of a bargain. For,
confess it 1 must, that now, ten years
are gone since 1 last closed my lexicons
and grammars, I am unable to read a
page in any one of the authors that
1 once translated with so much ease.
Vet in my classical studies while in
college 1 Stood among the best in a
class of sixty, who were certainly
equal 111 scholarship to the average of
college students In any institution.
Of tbe 170 rules, remarks and notes of
syntax that we committed to memory
from the Latin grammar, of all the
valuable information that we gathered
about the dialectic, emphatic, eupho
nic and anomalous changes, or about
colic, attic, beattic, darie, eptic, hel
lemstic, iterative and alexandrine
forms of Greek words ; of all the laws
of quantity, versification and accent
that we committed from both gram
mars, 1 doubt whether the fragments
that each one of us has preserved in
memory to-day would piece out one
whole rule. Nor li it our fault that
we have forgotten this information
acquired by the hardest of study, but
rather the fault ofthe utterly imprac
tical and worthless knowledge that we
■pent our time over. Indeed, the very
best thing that we could do with it af
ter we had acquired it was to forget it.
Yet, to-day, with all the sad expe
rience of those who have gone before
them to warn them, in the four hund
red colleges of our land at least 20,000
of our brightest youths are burthening
their minds with this dead weight,
and are wearily staggering under their
loads over the lrivuttH and Ludrieuim,
over the three roads that lead (proba
bly) to eloquence, and the four roads
that lead nowhere,
Is this the culture demanded by the
exigencies ami emergencies of modern
life ? Is this the curriculum of study,
conceived in superstition, born of ig
norance, nursed by bigotry, and kept
alive by caste, the one perfect method
of bringing the human mind to its
highest mental condition ? Are these
fragments of dead languages, rescued
from the charnel house of antiquity,
the richest and rarest gems in the
treasure vaults of knowledge ? Had
the human mind in thedavs of Greece
and Rome reached the ultimathule of
the mental world ? Had these ancient
authors scaled the extremest bights,
or sounded the deepest depths of hu
man passion ? Did they penetrate to
the secrets of nature, and unveil the
mysteries of the universe ? No ; the
most enthusiastic lover of classic lore
would hot claim these for his favor
ites. The culture that the study of
the extinct languages gives is disqual
ifying as a preparation for the activi
ties of life. The knowledge they im
part is impracticable and of little value,
except as au avenue to ancient modes
In scientific knowledge, the wisest
of the ancient philosophers was the
merest tyro when compared with the
learned "men of our day. As delinea
tors of human passion, their poets
and dramatists were superficial and
material. Then why spend five-sev
enths of the time allotted to a scho
lastic education, in acquiring knowl
edge of no practical utility ? for
mental discipline, it is not for the
use that can be made of them In prac
tical life that the ancient classics still
continue to fill so dominant a space in
the curriculum of our colleges and
universities, but for their excellence
as a means of mental discipline. To
discipline the faculties of the mind
there is no other study comparable to
a thorough drill in the ancient classics.
Well let m see. The youth who
would spend five years of his life iv
learning to play the ten command
ments, upon a violin, would no doubt
acquire considerable discipline in the
art of music, but I question whether
his musical acquisitions, would secure
him the position of second fiddle in
the orchestra of an itinerant organ
So the youth who spends Aye years
in fiddling changes on Greek verbs or
Latin subjunctives, may receive con
siderable discipline in that species of
dynamics, but 1 have serious doubts
whether it aids him much in perform
ing in the grand opera of life.
But seriously is it not a little
strange that the semi-barbarism of the
dark ages, a period when gloom, deep
as Cimmerian night hung over the in
tellectual faculties of man—should
have furnished us our one perfected
system of mental discipline? and is if
not strange too that a theory which
violates the law of mental economy
actually provides for a waste of power
should be regarded as the one per
fected way of gaining power. The
dominant idea in this theory of men
tal discipline seems to be that the
mind must be trained by a sort of in
tellectual gymnastics to perform cer
tain acrobatic feats—such as lifting
dead weights of abstract mathemat
ical problems, turning philological
hand springs, and balancing itself
upon the slack rope of lingual rela
tions, not that there is any utility
Los Angeles Daily Herald.
pre sen 1 or prospective; In Mich feats,
i»ut just for tbe mere nuke of being
able to do them. The very origin of
thin system of mental gymnastic*
shows its inutility. The notion of
mental gymnastics wm borrowed trom
bodily gymnastics. In feudal times
useful labor was regarded as menial
and degrading, nnd the superior clas
ses were compelled to seek the activity
needed for bodily health in artificial
means. The old Greek gymnastic*
was a system of athletic exercise, cul
tivated'for the attainment of physical
development, and had no reference to
the preparation of men for the occu
pations of iudustry. The ancient phi
losophers held, that it was as degra
ding to seek useful knowledge as to
practice useful arts, hence subjects of
no practical utility were chosen for
intellectual gymnastics, and to Require
Professor Youinans, speaking of the
traditional or classical system of the
colleges as a means of mental disci
pline, says: "That system is neither
an outgrowth of the proper education
of childhood, nor does it flow on into
the intellectual life of manhood; It is
a foreign body of thought uncongenial
and unflllitted, thrust into the aca
demic period and destroying the unity
and continuity ofthe mental career.
The young student is detached from
all of his early mental connections,
expatriated to Greece and Rome for a
course of years, becomes charged with
antiquated ideas and then returns to
resume his relations with the over-
Sowing current of events in his own
age. The radical defect of the tradi
tional system is that it fails to recog
nize and grasp the controlling ends of
culture, disled by the fallacy that
through a scheme of aimless exercise
for discipline, mental power may he
accumulated for universal application,
it sees no necessity of organizing edu
cation witli explicit reference to ulti
mate and definite purposes, and it
thus forfeits its right of control over
the educational interests ofthe time.
For if the student, after having faith
fully mastered his collegiate tasks,
Hints upon entering the world of ac
tion that his acquisitions are not
available—that lie has to leave them
behind and begin anew—then his
preparation has been a bail one; time
has been irretrievably lost, power ir
revocably wasted, and the chances are
high that he will give the go-by to
modern knowledge and thin down his
intellectual life to the languid nursing
of his classical memories."
Hays Dr. John W. Draper, of the
University of New York, in speaking
of the defect of the ancient classic as
a means of education: "The vague
impression that such pursuits impart
a training of the mind, has long sus
tained this inappropriate course. It
also finds an excuse In its alleged
power of communicating the wisdom
of past ages. The grand depositories
of human knowledge are nol the an
cient, but the modern tongues. Few, if
any, are the facts worth knowing that
are to be exclusively obtained by a
knowledge of Latin and Greek; and
as to mental discipline it might rea
sonably be Inquired, how much a
youth will secure by translating daily
v few good sentences of Latin and
Greek into bad and broken English.
So fur as preparation is required for
the subsequent struggles and Conflicts
of life; for discerning the Intention!
and meeting the rivalries of competi
tors; for skill to design movements
and carry them out with success; for
cultivating a clearness of perception
into the character and motive of
others, and for imparting a decision to
our own actions; so far as these things
are concerned, an ingenious man
would have no difficulty in maintain
ing the amusing affirmation that mote
might be gained from a mastery of
the game of chess than by translating
all the Greek ami Latin authors in
Says Professor Huxley in a lecture
on liberal education: "Rut if this be
a fair picture ofthe results of classical
teaching at its best, what is to be said
of classical teaching at its worst. I
will tell you. It means getting up
endless forms and rules by heart. It
means turning Latin and Greek into
English, for the mere sake of being
able to tlo it, and without the smallest
regard to tiie worth or worthlessness
of the author read. It means the
learning of innumerable, not always
decent fables in such a shape that the
meaning they once had is dried up in
to utter trash; and the only impres
sion left on a boy's mind is, that tbe
people who believed such things must
have been the greatest idiots the
world ever saw. And it means finally,
that after a dozen years spent at this
kind of work the sufferer shall be in
competent to interpret a passage in an
author he has not already gotten up;
that he shall loathe the sight of a Greek
or Latin book; and that he shall never
open or think of a classical writer
again, until, wonderful to relate he in
sists upon submitting his sons to the
Says Herbert Spencer: "If we in
quire what is the real motive in giv
ing boys a classical education, we will
find it to be simple conformity to pub
lic opinions. Men dress their chil
dren's minds as they do their bodies,
in the prevailing fashion. A boy's
drilling in Latin and Greek is insisted
on, not because of their intrinsic value,
but that lie may have the education of
a gentleman, the badge marking a
certain social position, and bringing
a consequent respect."
Says Professor Tyndall: "As long as
the ancient languages are tiie means
of access to the ancient mind they
must be of value to humanity; but it
is as avenues of ancient thought, and
not as the instruments of modern cul
ture that they are chiefly valuable to
I might give pages of ((notations of
like tenor, from such distinguished
educators and writers, as Dr. Bernard,
John Stuart Mill, Dr. Wayland, Gold
win Smith, Dr. Whewell and outers,
hut it is unnecessary. All these dis
tinguished writers and thinkers, while
admitting the value of the classic as
avenues of ancient thoughts—as illus
trations of the progress and develop
ment of the human mind iv the earl
ier ages of the world—as the medium
through which we have received near
ly all that we know of ancient history,
philosophy, science and art, yet every
one of them denies their value as a
means of culture in the scholastic per
iod of our youth or as an instrument of
mental discipline to meet the duties
and responsibilities of active life.
It is well known that the success of
many of our educated men can be di
LOS ANGELES, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 9, 1873.
rectly traced to their neglect of their
regular college studies, or rather, per
haps, to the "realization of these by
vigorous pursuits of other studies,
while on the other hand those students,
the medalist, the validictorians, and
the senior wranglers, who have been
the indefatigable and preserving in
mastering the studies of the curricu
lum when they lay down their Lexi
con and their grammars to take up
the burden of life, but too often prove
to be intellectual dwarfs and mental
paupers. Their mental gymnastics
has trained them toa kind of intellect
ual agility in handling the symbols of
thought, and the verbal signs of Ideas,
it has not given them the power or the
knowledge how to use the suppleness
iv the contest of nature or the struggle
for existence. How often have we
heard graduates lament the time
wastetl upon the Greek and Latin ('las
sies, and that they could bury the
corpse or rather the fleshless skeleton
of these dead languages in a grave
from whence there would be no resur
rection. How many would gladly ex
change the college debris, which they
have spent years in piling up, for
some knowledge of the truths of phy
sical science, that confound them at
Rut just here the advocates of the
traditional system may raise the cry
of utilitarianism. You, sir, would
subordinate all the culture, the refine
ment, the polish of an education to
vulgar utility; you would make the
almighty dollar' the unit of measure
to ascertain the solid contents of a
man's mind, and would determine the
specific gravity of a man's knowledge
by the bulk of his bank account.
I answer, Is there not more refine
ment, culture and polish in the prose
of Irving and the poetry of Whittier,
than in the bibidinous'songs of Hor
ace, or in the sneering sarcasms of
Juvenal? Is there not more of love,
hope, faith, charity, truth, virtue and
honesty in the contemporaneous situa
tion of our day, than In all the Gre
cian and Roman literature of the
golden age, the silver age, the brazen
age, the iron age, and the dot-age (or
whatever that age was called in which
they petered out)?
Nature furnishes us with the only
perfect models. Wherein the spiritual
and intellectual enceptions of the
ancients accorded with nature's mod
eis, they are true; wherein they de
parted from them, they are false. We
read nature through a lens of a magni
fying power two thousand times
greater than theirs. Is not our vision
the clearest ?
The book of nature was written ages
before the books of Homer and Virgil.
Why not rather go to the original,
than try to draw inspiration from their
imperfect translations ?
1 n reality, utility is the measure of
all values, whether in the intellectual
world or in the commercial. That
culture which will give the highest
moral and intellectual excellence with
the least waste of power, is the best.
One of the highest offices of education
is to economize and wisely expend
mental power. The traditional sys
tem, by ignoring the useful facts aud
expending upon inutilities, wastes
mental power. It lirst expends jiower
in acquiring the useless fact for sake
of discipline, aud then acquires the
useful fact for its value. It costs as
much power to learn the useless fact
as the useful one. Why not save half
this power, by making the useful fact
serve for both knowledge and disci
pline ( " Science, made the basis of
culture, will accomplish tliis result."
Rut of this, more anon.
Rut am I not forgetting the beauties
of the classics, and the human inter
est that pertains to them? Whilst
physical science deals with mutters
external to man—with the Micro
cosm, or the great world. This an
cient literature treats of the Micro
cosm, or the little world constituted
by him. To the Greek or Roman
youth of two thousand years ago there
were no beauties in his literature; but
to the college student of to-day, dig
ging Greek roots, or wearily grubbing
among gerundives and periphrastic
conjugations; its beauties are but dim
ly, if ever seen.
The great aim of the college instruc
tors in these languages is to secure a
literal translation, and preserve the
idiom intact, and not to trace their
relation to our language. At least it
was so in my college days, and with
the exception of a very few modern
institutions, such as Cornell Univer
sity and the University of California,
the ohi methods of instruction still
Our Greek professor was a man who
had poetry in his soul, but it was so
very deep down that it seldom cropped
out". He was a stickler for literal
translations. Let some fledgling poet,
lilled with divine afflatus drawn from
Homer's immortal verse, attempt to
soar to empyrean heights in translat
ing some beautiful passage, and
straightway the wings of his Pegasus
would be scorched by the thundering
base of Professor E.: "Literal transla
tions, sir, render that literally; stick
to the text."
Could the blind old bard of Scio
have been set down into our class
room some day, and heard us going for
the brave Ulysses, the grass widow
Penalope, the'rascalish suitors, the old
dog Tray (Argos in Greek), and all
that jolly crowd told of iv the Odys
sey, with our bad English and worse
Greek, he would have prayed the im
mortal gods that he might be struck
deaf as well as blind. Our professor
may have been an exception in his
hobby for literal translation. Indeed,
he was an exceptional individual take
him all in all. There was a college
tradition that he had been crossed in
love in early life, and had been labor
ing in a tit of chronic crossness ever
since. He had no toleration for any
but the homliest, most broken and
fragmentary translations, providing
always that they were strictly literal.
Los Angeles City Water Co
LOCATION OT"WORKS, CITY
and County of Los Angeles, State of
Notlee Is hereby given that the annual
meeting of the stockholders of the Los An
geles Cil v Water Company will be held at tho
office ofthe Company, M and M Main street. In
thecity of Los Angeles, on MONDAY, NO
VEMBER 17, 1*73, at 12 o'clock M., for the
election of officers for the ensuing yenr, and
forthe transaction of such other business as
may la* brought before the meeting.
oclHtd EUOENE MEYER, Secy.
WANTED — SEVERAL DAY
BOARDERS can find good accommo
dations at MRS. BACKMAN'S, Spring street,
near First. oelllf
[To be Continued.]
LINES OF TRAVEL.
LOS ANGELES A SAN PEDRO
T* a/iV!i* < > A.l>.
ON AND AFTER NOV. 1, 1873,
trains will run as follows, leaving
WILMINGTON-7:48 A. M. nnd 1 P. M.
LOS ANGELES—IO A. M. and StAS P. M.
Except on days of steamers' arrival and de
parture, when trains will run to connect with
Passengers for San Francisco and San Diego
will leave Ix>s Angeles by the 10 A. M. train,
connecting nt Wilmington with the Compa
«ir First-class passenger cars will run regu
No I iuu'Kc for Storage to Merchant* in
JOHN MILNER, Agent at Los Angeles.
oe2tf E. E. HEWITT, Supt.
MHEM EE FOR NOVEMBER, IDT*.
For Santa Barbnrn. Nwn Pedro, Ana
heim Landing sad Nan Diego.
STEAMER ORIZABA, CAPT. H. J. JOHNSTON,
&MMI Sat. Arrive* Sat, Leave* tktU Arrive* Sun
Fntnci*en. /Vtfro. Pedro. Fftmei*co.
Nov ) Nov .1 Nov I Nov 8
Nov A Nov 15 Nov n Nov 20
Nov 25 Nov 27 Nov 1 Dec. 2
STEAMER MOHONGO, CAPT. O. H. DOUOI.ASS,
Nov 7 Nov » Nov 12 Nov 14
Nov 10 Nov 21 Nov 24 Nov 241
Dec 1 Dec 3 Dec II Dec H
The Mohongo will call at San Simeon and
san Luis Obispo.
For San Diego and all way ports, carrying
OILS, ACIDS, POWDER, etc., not allowed to
he carried on passenger steamers, will leave
San Francisco November 2Mb.
Freight on OILS, to San Pedro, 50 cents per
FOR NEW YORK VIA PANAMA,
Steamers leave Saa Francisco Novemls'r
4th ami 10th. All call at Mazatlan, Alanzan
llloand Acnpulco, and all except I tea Bier of
November 4th, nt San Diego.
Passage from San Pedro, cabin, $100; steer
for china and japan.
Steamers leave San Francisco November Ist
Through Bills of Lading signed, and t Ii rough
tickets sold to all ports on the San Diego route
to New York, Europe, Mexico and South
America, at San Francisco tariff rates.
To New York, cabin $100
To New York, steerage 50
To San Francisco, cabin 15
To San Francisco, steerage H
Cabin plans at agent's office. For passage
apply to H. McLELLAN,
nol Agent for I.os Angeles County.
AGENCY OF THE
Hamburg, Bremen and Stetten
Mail Steamship Companies.
BEING APPOINTED AGENT OF
the above Mail Steamship Companies
forthe Southern Coast, I am prepared to fur
nish THROUGH PASSAGE TICKETS by any
of those lines of steamers,
To and from Europe,
to New York and San Francisco at the lowest
rates. Also give MONEY POSTAL ORDERS
to all parts of
Germany. Nu ■ taerlaud. Austria France
England, Sweden, Norway
Which will he delivered lo the receiver free of
charge, at their respective houses, in any pari
Also, gives DRAFTS on any part of Europe,
in sums to suit.
Collections made in any Part of
For particulars, apply to
H. FLEISHMAN, Bella Union Store,
oc2tf ;tp Agent iv Uis Angeles,
T. A. CAREY'S
3t Semi-Tropical @
> IT H NKRIES.
Grafted, Budded and Seedling Orange,
Lemon, Mexican Lime, English
Walnut, Apple, Peach,
And Genuine Eangucdoc Almond Trees
Call and examine my stock. Priced cata
logue sent free. Address Postofficc Box 265.
Los Angeles, Cal. THOU. A. UAREV.
HARP AND SHAMROCK
THE UNDERSIGNED HAS PUR
CHASED (he above business, and iwlll
keep on hand none but the PUREST AND
IRISH AND SCOTCH WHISKIES,
English and Scotch Ales,
American Bourbon and Mye,
Havana Cigars, etc.
CEAD MILLE FAILTHE.
ocOtf 119 Main street, Los Angeles.
The Napa Gang Plow.
TO THE FARMERS OF LOS
Angeles County: We call your attention
jo the new IMPROVED GANG PLOW, pa
tentee] by D. A. Manuel, of Nape, and adopted
by the Granges of Ibis State. The points of
superiority are: Lightness of draft, it being a
centre draft; a castor wheel in the rear, which
makes It turn In a space sufficient to accom
modate Its length; it has a railing pole and
can, by sliding, he adjusted to the driver's
weight, and removes all pressure from the
horses' necks. We only ask farmers to call
and examine for themselves,
nol HELLMAN, HAAS & CO.
MAIN STREET, OPPOSITE COM
MERCIAL, Lo* Angeles, California.
OPEN ut ALL HOURS.
iv.ti The choicest delicacies of the Best Mar
kets always on the BUI of Fare, Elegant
DINNERS AND LTTNCHEM nt a moment's
notice. JAS. MUNROF. A CO.,
Spring Street, opposite the 7W Office.
DAVE MAIN~IIAS RErIRED
from the Judicial contest, in order to de
vote his time to more classical pursuits.
Floating down the stream of life placidly,
with bald-headed old GEORGE DA KIN, they
will in conjunction prepare Ihe following
The Brla Around the Corner.
The CHOICEST WINES, LIQUORS AND
CIGARS always on hand. oc2-Dn
Eight MMc House.
MRS. DONALDSON, OF THE
Eight Mile House, Cowango Pass, an
nounces that she will receive a few gentlemen
to board. No pains will be spared to add to
their comforts, with facilities for going and
coming from the city. offil-tf
DR. N. P. RICHARDSON,
pHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
office-No. 14 Downey's Block, up-stuirs.
DR. A. 8. BHORB,
OFFICE—Nearly opposite the Post Office.
RESIDENCF.-No. fl Franklin street.
DR. H. 8. ORME,
pHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE—In Lanfrnncn's
Building, No. 74 Main street.
Office Hoars from 10 A. M. to 1 P. |f„ and
from 2 to 3 P. M. oc2-tf
DR. JOSEPH KURTZ,
pHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE—In Helnsch's
Block, Commercial and Los Angeles streets.
MsrSpecbil attention paid to diseases of the
EYE AND EAR. oc2-tf
DR. J. W. OLIVER,
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE-Spring street,
opposite tiie Mayor's Office. oc2-lptf
D. W. C. FRANKLIN,
AND SURGEON DENTIST.
OFFICE—39 Spring street, next to Fire En
glne Hoase. oci-tf
DR. A. LO EBE L,
SURGEON AND CHIROPODIST,
Alameda street, opposite the Sisters'
School. Corns and bunions extracted with
out using knife, files or medicine, and with
out causing pain. Cures Ingrowing nails,
warts, moles, freckle, etc. Treats scientifi
cally and successfully all kinds of sores of
longstanding. Charges moderate and satls
lacllon guaranteed. nov7-tf
HENRY T. HAZARD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE IN TEMPLE BLOCK,
LOS ANUELES, CAL.
«3rSpeclnl attention given to business in
the United States Land Office. oc2-tf
J. R. Mc CONNKLL. A. J. KIXO.
McCONNELL A KING,
Downey's Block, Main SI., Los Angeles.
Office—Rooms 2S and 211, Temple's new
building, I»s Angeles. eolHlf
A. OI.AMSKI.I.. O. H. SMITH.
A. B. CHAPMAN. 11. M. SMITH.
GLASSELL. CHAPMAN <&SMITH.
OFFICE—TEMPLE BLOCK up-stairs, I/is
Angeles, California. oc2-tf
JAMES G. HOWARD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Downey's lllock, l»s Angeles. oc2-tf
OFFICE—No. IS Downey Block Los Angeles.
CH A III.KH 1.1.N111.KV. f, S. THOMPSON.
LINDLEY A THOMPSON,
OFFICE—Room Nos. 51 and !?-', over Tem
ple & Workman's Bunk. oc2-tf
W. |« M A Jtsll A 1.1.. VIM, I). ooui.o.
MARSHALL A COULD,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW —OFFICE
opposite the Court House. Rooms Nos.
18 and 10 Temple Block, Los Angeles, Cal.
Will practice in all the Con its of this State,
and attend to business in tl. S. Land Office.
LEW. G. CABANI3,
NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEY
ancer and Searcher of Records for this
OFFICE—No. 44 Temple lllock, Los Ange
les, California. oc2-tl
V. E. HOWARD A SONS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
TEMPLE BLOCK, LOS ANUELES.
A. A. WILSON,
OFFICE—Room No. 11, Temple Block, I,os
Angeles, California. oc-'-tf
A. 11. JltnaON. J. W. (iII.LETTK.
JUDSON A GILLETTE,
SEARCHERS OF RECORDS
TEMPLE BLOCK, LOS ANGELES.
G. W. MORGAN,
Four doors south of the Post Office, Temple
Block, Los Angeles, California.
W MONEY TO LOAN. oc2-tl
CHAS. E. MILES,
LOH ANUELES, CAL.
Refers to—Dr. J. s. Griffin. J. U. Downey,
1.. H. Titus, Uen. P. Banning, I. W. Hellman,
The introduction of water Into Cities, Towns
ami Ranches a specialty. Contracts taken
for making sheet mm pipes, al my shop, or
where desired, on the most favorable terms.
N. B. WHITFIELD,
BROKER, REAL ESTATE AND
GENERAL AUENT. Particular atten
tion paid lo the purchase and sale of sheep.
iHuge with J. r. wani a Co. oes-ipim
R. E. JACKSON,
/"CONTRACTOR AND HUILDER,
Main street, a few doors below First. Los
Angeles. Contracts for buildings, and all
work executed in a satisfactory manner,
NINTH STREET, BETWEEN
Grasshopper and Urtttiu streets,
Uentlemen's, HOTEL AND RESTAURANT
WASHING done on reasonable terms.
PEARL BUTTONS sewed on. and ordinary
MEN DING done. Washing cal led for and de
livered, FREE OF CHARGE.
4ST Order slate at. Broderlck's Rook Store.
offMmlp .1. S. O'NEIL
OPPOSITE U. S. HOTEL, MAIN ST.
The purest WINES, the choicest CIGARS
and the beHt FANCY DRINKS concocted
south of Han Francises).
n#-Temple Block, next to Wells, Fargo &
Company's office, no2-lmip
I. B. FERGUSON'S
Im the Exclusive Commission House to
KO to for Everything You Want.
FORWARDING S COMMISSION.
J. L. WARD & CO.
LONDON ASSURANCE CORFORATION;
UNION INSURANCE COMPANY Of SAN FRANCISCO;
COMMERCIAL [MARINE] INSURANCE COMPANY,
(Combined assets exceed 814,000,000;
RABCOCK'S FIRE EXTINGUISHER;
BAKER & HAMILTON'S AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY
THE CELEBRATED BAIN WA&ON;
SWAN BREWERY CO.'S ALE AND PORTER.
HELLMAN, HAAS & CO.
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
HAVE FOR SALE
THE PUREST GROCERIES,
THE BEST PROVISIONS,
Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco
Of the choicest Imported Brands.
Paints, Oils, Doors, Sashes,
BLINDS, FARMING IMPLEMFNTS.
14 and 10 Los Angeles and Commercial Sts.,
LOS ANGELES. [ImHp
KJ General dealer in all kinds of COUN
Hides, Grain and Wool.
Makes advances on Consignments to all
parts of the United States. Nos. 24 and \ii
Aliso St.. LOS ANGELES. oc.Vly4p
J. C. JACKSON
Keeps all kinds of
Lumber, Shingles, Laths,
DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS,
CEMENT AIV1) HAIR.
Alameda and First Streets.
PERRY, WOODWORTH & CO,
AND PLANING MILLS.
NO. 70 COMMERCIAL HT.
Keep constantly on hand a full assortment
of LUMBER, DWORS, SASH, MOULDINGS,
BLINDS, TURNED AND SAWED WORK.
All kinds of mill work done to order. oc2
GRIFFITH, LYNCH & CO.
DEALERS IN LUMBER.
CORNER FIRST AND ALAMEDA STS.
Mill Work of all Kinds,
DOORS, SASH, BUNDS, ETC., ETC.
11. C. WILEY. D. M. HF.aitY.
WILEY & BERRY.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
No. 82 MAIN STREET, LOS ANGELES.
MALONEY & FENNEBBEY.
SMITHING AND HORSE-SHOEING
20 nnd 23 Aliso Nl reel.
Manufacturers of Carriages, Buggies,
and wagons of all kinds. All orders promptly
attended to. oc7-4ptf
LOS AN6ELES SODA WORKS,
No. 13 AI.INO NTREET.
HENRY W. STOLL, Proprietor.
Supplies Bar Rooms and private fami
lies with the purest and hest
NO DA AND NARNAPARIIXA,
Delivered to any part of the city. lno2-lm
CARRIAGES AND WAGONS.
(Successor to Roeder & Lichlenbcrgcr),
Wagons, Buggies, Carriages, Etc.
143, 14.1 and 147 Main street, Im Angeles,
Very respectfully solicits the patronage of
the public in his "line of business. All ve
hicles built ofthe BEST MATERIAL. An
Is connected with the establishment, where
all kinds of Blacksmilhing will be done to
Done with dispatch, and with a view of giving
satisfaction to patrons.
AH "Work Warranted.
"PAGE & GRAVEL'S
New Carriage Shop.
OUR WORK IS UNE-cfJft
qualed by any done on the Pa- jaS3BC
After our exeerlence in Ihe best shops in the
Eastern States, and our experience on this
coast, we nre enabled to fulfil what we ad
ALL MATERIALS USED ARE THE BEST
THE MARKET AFFORDS.
n«L Repairs done neatly and witli dispatch.
»«-All work done here is warranted,
us. Prices Moderate. Call and see. "Ml
Corner Loo Angeles and Requena
ocit] streets, Los Angeles, limip
(OPPOSITK M. KKLI.EK'S)
MANUFACTURER AND DEAL
Wssons, Carriages, Hueaiea, etc
Black smith Ing of all kinds. All work
and in the future as reliable as in tho past
Orders promptly attended 10. oci2mlp4
SPANISH AND FRENCH
INSTRUCTION IN FRENCH AND
SPANISH will be given to classes In the
afternoons or evenings, by
MlBB JOSEPHINE LINDLEY
To a class of five or less, per lesson 12 00
To a class of any number over five, per
lesson |8 00
For further particulars, inquire nt tne office
of the Los Angki.es Hekald, of Lindley A
Thompson, or at tbe Pico House.
University or California, )
Department op Languages. ■
Oakland. July 11.1072. )
Herewith I certify that Miss Josephine Lind
ley iias been a student in my department of
tbe University for five consecutive terns, viz:
from September, IS7Q, to April 3d, 1872. Daring
thta time one studied tbe French, the Spanish
and the German languages, obtaining always
the highest marks for proficiency and attend
ance, her average credit mark for five teims
being 97 per cent.
On entering the University, Mise Lindley
possessed already such knowledge of the
French and Spanish idioms as to be able to
speak them with ease, fluency, correctness,
and a pure pronunciation.
She may now be considered thoroughly fa
miliar with the theory and philosophy, as well
as with the application of these two tongue.;
and site nay "adtrybe recommended aa a can
didate of great promise, for teaching the
French and Spanish languages.
P. PIODA, Prof. Modern Languages.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNI A.
Josephine Lindley has been declared by the
Faculty entitled to this Certificate of Profi
ciency in tbe departments of Geology and
Natural History, (Botany and Physical Geolo
gy,) Belles Lettres, (English Literature, Histo
ry, Ancient and Modern,) Chemistry, Modern
Languages, (French and Spanish.)
Henry Durant, President of University: E.
S. Carr, Prof. Chemistry; P. Piodn, Modern
Languages; Joseph Le Conte, Professor of Ge
ology and Natural History; William Swinton,
Professor of Belles Lettres; Martin Kellogg,
Dean of the Faculty. oeS-tf
168 Main Street, Eoa Angelea.
Session of this
In which girls and boys receive a usr.rui.,
practical and complete English Education,
commenced on MONDAY, AUGUST 11, 1873.
TERMS PER MONTH:
English Studies, Including the ordinary
School Branches, and Double-Entry
Book-Keeping and Algebra to 00
Primary Geography, Second and Third
Readers 4 Oil
Chart and Primer Classes 8 00
Latin, Phonetic Short-hand and Geom
etry, per month „ 12 00
Competent Teachers of Drawing, Painting,
and the Modern Languages, will be connected
with the Institution.
For further particulars, apply to the under
signed, at the School Building.
ocsml W. R LAWLOR, Principal.
FRENCH and SPANISH LESSONS
IN THE FRENCH
and Spanish languages will be given to classes
or in private, commencing on
WKBNBSBAY. OCTOBER 1. 187&
TRKMS OF TUITION: l ,
Private lessons j i oil each
Twenty lessons , 15 00
Lessons to any number of pupils
over live, for one mouth, three les
sen* every week, each pupil 2 00
French and Spaids!rsobool for children ev
ery day (Saturdays excepted) at 4 o'clock P.
M. TUITION, per month, ?3.
For further particulars, inquire at No 107
Main street. Translation of French, Span
ish and English. F. V. C. db MONDRAN.
ST. VINCENT'S COLLEGE,
CONDUCTED "BY THE PRIESTS
of the Congregation of the Mission.
DEGREES CONFERRED, and the most
complete Education given. No more beauti
fully situated spot In tbe whole of Southern
California. Apply by letter, or personally, to
REV. J. McGILL, C. M.
Drawing and Painting.
INSTRUCTIONIN CRAYON, PEN
CIL AND PERSPECTIVE DRAWING,
in Coloring with India Ink and Water Color*,
given nt Hillside Cottage, back of the new
school-house. MRS. LU WHEAT SMITH.
LIVERY ANO FEED STABLES.
SALE. FEED & LIVERY STABLE,
JH. JONES, PROPRIETOR,
• CORNER FIFTH AND SPRING STS.
Grain, Hay and all kinds of Fresh Feed
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
Large Clean Corrals and Stables,
With City Water Throughout.
•S-HORBEB, MULES, WAGONS and CAR
RIAGES bought and sold, and Horses and
Carriages to let by the day or week.
Teamsters accommodated as usual on the
most liberal terms. oc7-lmlp
N. H. MITCHELL'S
Pioneer Livery, Sale and Feed Stables,
CENTER STREET, OPPOSITE
Poplar Row, ANAHEIM.
The very best accommodations for visitors
Gentle Saddle Horses
constantly on hand, and furnished at shortest
ALISO FEED & SALE STABLE
JF. RAMIREZ, PROPRIETOR.
• COR. ALAMEDA * ALISO STS.
Adjoining M. Keller's.
GRAIN, HAY Sc. FEED
always on hand.
Horses, Mules, Wagons, etc
bought and sold. oc7-4ptf
Campbell's New Stables.
JTO. 47 ALISO~STREET.
CJRhJL. HORSES BOARDED *7V_
Day, Week or Month.<«2V
BUGGIES AND CARRIAGES
FOR SALE OR HIRE,
THE BEST OF FEED
oe2Bm Ipi CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
Everybody knows the old Man
BANK EXCHANGE BILLIARD
SALOON, run by F. SIGNORET.
Customers received by tbe old man himself,
who has been in attendance since 1849. He
welcomes all his old customers and pleases
the new ones.
The BEST BARBER SHOP iv the olty is
with this establishment. Clean towels, care-
Ail employees. noS-lm