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0 Is e I ? s B ?it x I it (i 11 m 1111
FIin> 1V"EVENING, AUGUST 8, .1862.
The question whether the lT? S. legal tender
notes shall circulate only at a discount, or gold
be placed at a premium corresponding with that
a" which it is held at New York, engrosses
the attention of the business community at San
Francisco, Cal. A friendly suit, instituted for
the purpose of determining whether these
no^sare r?33)iva,)le for S^r/3 t:ixe>, rntwith
stan ling tli3 constitution requires gold, has
been presented for the decision of the Supreme
Court. Such a decision will have an impor
tant influence on their general circulation as
money, gold at the present time being the only
It is understood that the government is con
sidering the propriety of drafting for the navy,
and that such a draft will, in all probability,
be resorted to before long. The reasons urged
for this draft are: first, the urgent necessity
for more sailors; second, the difficulty of en
listing seamen, and third, the number of per
sons who now represent themselves as sailors
in order to claim exemption from military
The Grand Jury for the United States Dis
trict Court of Indiana, at Indianapolis, have
just presented a secret organization called the
''Knights of the Golden Circle," whose pur
poses are declared to be treasonable. The
Grand Jury show that there are 15.000 mem
bers of an order directly in league with the se
cessionists of the South. They have plan -
to xvoid or defeat legal proceedings against
them; they are sworn to resist the collection of
Fedora* taxes, and go armed to their meetings.
The In lian ipoHs Jounvil states on thi* latter j
point, that during the late Copnerhe-xd Oon
vjnti role?; th i*i fiv'j hundred revolvers
w.vi soli. Sixty of th *<3 inn h-ivj b33:i in
dicted?sixteen of th -mi for treason.
The printing of the new Treasury notes of
small denomination*, has commenced
Sereral Governors of the loyal States are in
Washington in consultation with fch i Presi
dent in relation to the n3W orljrs for drafting.
A woman fell from the roof of a four story
house in N nv York on Welnjsdisy, an.I was
so injure 1 that she die 1 in a few momenta
The New York Police have been called up
on to enlist or contribute to an enlistment fund.
In their address the Commissioners say: ? "It
is the intention of the Board of Police to place
at least two regiments in the field; one is nearly
completed the other will be commenced imme
diately, and it is designed to make it the best
regiment of the State in respect to d'scipline
ani the personal character of its members.?
For this regiment the members of the force are
invited to volunteer. The Board of PolL-e
will reserve the places they may temporarily
vacate an i restore them on their return, when
an h :> n > ra ble d is eh i rg 3, to t h e r i n k t h ev n o w
occupy. Such members of the force as are in
dispose 1, or un ible to volunteer, are invited to
contribute on the next p-y: day for the purpose
of defraying t-he exposes or raising thj con
t an plated regiments/'
Governor 31 >rton telegraphs from Indianapo
lis to Gen. Halleck, that he would have five re
giments full and ready fy$ orders this week, if
ar.us could be furnished. The Governor is
taking steps for the Enrolment of the militia,
ia order that he may be prepared for any fa
ta:e emergency that may arise. Ihe present
will bo iji '<1- 'tj, H 4
Fit 3ft GEH, PjPE'S ARMY.
[Correspondence of the Associated Press.]
Camp Seconp Corps Army of Virginia. \
Little Washington, Va., August 7.)
Reports are frequently received here, thru'
various channels, to the effect that the Con
federate arm} of Richmond have been moving
from the city southward for the last ten days.
The source through which some of these re
ports come are entitled to full credence.
It is added that, among the causes for the
evacuation of Richmond, are the exhaustion
of the country north of the James river, the
infectious and pestilential atmosphere, and the
superior advantages of the Janus river as a
line of defcnce.
It is also stated that they intend to maintain
an open railroad connection with the valley, via
Lynchburg. Charlottesville and Gordonsville,
to Stanton, to the last moment, as a resource
The unexpected visit.-of Gen. Crawford's
cavalrv to Orange Court House, on Saturday,
?W < t i %J }
struck terror into the population of that town
and surrounding country. The force he at- !
tacked there was superior to his own, but the
object of the visit was accomplished, when he
retired in good order, followed by the enemy,
who continually harassed his rear. Loss two
killed, and several wounded ; that of the ene
my was from ten to fifteen killed, many woun
ded, and fifty-two taken prisoners.
The Confederate forces opposed to him were
two regiments of Robertson/s (late Ashby's)
cavalry, who have recently been withdrawn
from Harrisonburg. The Valley, it is now
stated is onlt'guarded by gterillas and a few
isolated companies, of regular cavalry.
The mid-day sun, for the past week "has been
almost unbearable even by strong constitutions.
In consequence the regimental drills and pa
rades in most cases have been ordered earlier
in the morning and later in the evening.
IIarrisburg, August 8.?Volunteers under
the new call are pouring in here by thousands,
by next Saturday the number will be sufficient
f )v fii'ceen regiments, which, with the regiments
in Philadelphia, will fill the state quota for vol
unteers: Several regiments arc already com
pletely organized, armed, and equiped, and
will start for the seat of war early next week.
C ham be as li urg , August 8. ? Hon. Edward
McPherson has been nominate'] for Congress
from the Seventeenth District of Pennsylvania.
From St. Louis.
, T. Louis, Aug. 7.?Brig. Gen. Davidson
assumed command of the military district of
St. Louis. Col. Merrill, formerly command
ant of this district, has been commissioned a
Brigadier General, and will leave for North
Missouri this evening, where he will direct
operations against the guerillas.
At a meeting of the Merchants1 Union Ex
change, held at noon to-da}7, resolutions were
passed, agreeing to close the business houses
at I o'clock, P. M., for the purpose of drilling
and organizing the loyal citizens for military
service, and requesting the proper authorities
to cause a suspension of business throughout
tho uv a.ter tea horn for a ]&e purjxkse.
ine war in Kentucky. ~~~~
I Louisville, August 7.?The Journal pub
li.sh.es a rumor of Morgan's advance into Iv?n
tucky, an 1 liis capture of Burksville with an
increased force of cavalry, expressing a deter
mination to march to the banks of the Ohio
Military circles here disbelieve the whole
Memphis, Aug. 4.-?Afifcht took place on
Sunday afternoon, between a Federal recon-'
noitering party and a party of Confederates.?
it was a small affair. About 150 of the latter
were surprised in the vicinity of Mooney Creek,
and fled at the first fire, with six or seven kill
cd and several wounded.
Resistance to the Enrolment Act.
Cairo, August 7.?A skirmish took place
yesterday near Point Pleasant, Missouri, be
tween the citizens and State troops, in which
it is reported that several were killed on both
sides. It seems that the citizens bound them
selves together to resist the enrolment act.?
Troops were sent from New Madrid to enforce
the law, and hence the collision.
Nashville, Aug. 7.?General Robert Mc
Cook was shot by a party of guerrillas, near
Salem, Ala., yesterday, while he was riding to
wards Winchester, Tenn., sick, in an ambu
lance. . His remains reached here this evening.
Captain Brooks, who was with the General,
was captured. The Federal forces burned the
house of th2 Confederate who led them into
Sperryville, Va., Aug. 2. ?This part of
A iiginia is the A?hoy Cavalry section, an J
tin!} the people have been devoted to him, for
they have fed and foddered his squadrons until
they are almost destitute themselves. So
scant is forage thai there is barely sufficient
so I am informed?for the sustenance of the
stock of tnose who have taken the oath of alle
giance to our Government. Provisions a re
scarcer yet, judging l?y the fact that your hun
gry correspondent- could get neither dinner nor
supper, for love or money, in the town.
iNo crops are to be seen but corn, which is
abundant and very luxuriant; some of it has
attained a height of ten feet, If the army re
mains long in this region, there will not l>c
much corn left, as forage is scarce and food for
horses must be had.
The oath of allegiance forms the general
topic of conversation among the inhabitants ot
this place: dozens are brought in every day,
and nearly all take it willingly. Some refuse,
and declare their intention of remaining true to
the interests of the South. To such persons a
period of probation is allowed, after which, if
they do not "give in" to old Uncle Sam, they
are treated according to law.
Burned.?We learn that the residence of
iMr. I aac Skiduiore, about four miles from thk
place, in Fairfax County, was set on 011
Wednesday night and consumed with all its
Liberty Hall.?To-night is the last bu*.
one of the great Canterbury company,
will !j& well for all who wish to see the Pei^
mances of this first-class troupe to avail them
selves of the last chances to-night and to-ui?r ^
row night. To-morrow afternoon, th<3 111 alJ^
gers announce a grand matinee for the
dvc oouvouiouoe of Udko aud o&iidrc-u.