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DECISIOE OF TEX V. S. GOVERNMENT IN I
THE TEENT A7FAIB. !
The United States government have re •
'leased from Fortress Warren Hon. James M
Mason and Hon. John Slidell, taken from on
board the British steamer Trent, by the U.
S. steamer San Jacinto, some weeks sit.cc. '
The National Intelligencer contains tbe
correspondence in relation to the release* I
It appears that on the 30th of November,
Secretary Sewatd notified Minister Adams
that Com. Wilkes had acred without the in- |
structhns of the U. S. government.
On the same day Earl Russell wrote to
Lord Lyons, giving information of the Trent
affair, trusting that the United States "would,
of its own accord, offer to the British gov" i
Atom en t such redress as alone would satisfy i
the British nation, namely the liberation o* j
the four gentlemen and their delivery in or
der that they may be again placed under
British protection—and a suitable apology '
for the aggreasion which has been commit
ted," and directing that if these terms were ,
not offered by Mr. Seward they should bo i
proposed to him.
Lord Lyons left a copy of the despatch
with Mr. Seward, who, on Thursday last,
replied thereto in a letter occupying three
columns aud a half of the Intelligencer, dis
cussing the whole subject and concluding as
" The four persons in question are now
held in military custody at Fort Warren, in
the State of Massachusetts. They will be
cheerfully liberated. Your lordship will
please indicate a time and place for receiving
To which Lord Lyons responded yeste
day ss follows:—
"Sir : I bave this morning received the
note which you did me the honor to addres
to me yesterday, in answer to Earl Kussell'
despatch of the 30th of November last, rela
tive to the removal of Mr. Mason, Mr. Sli
dell, Mr. Macfarland, and Mr. Eustis from
the British mail packet "Trent."
I will, without any loss of time, forwan
to her Majesty's Government a copy of the
iurportadi communication which you have
made to me.
I will also without delay, do myaelf the
houor to confer with you personally ou the
arrangements to be made for delivering the
tour gentlemen to me, in order that they
may be again placed under the protection of
the British flag."
K Appended to the ooi respoudenee is a des
tohfrum the French Minister of Foreign
fairs, to the French Minister at Washing
ton, sustaining the claim of the British Gov
ernment as just and equitable, and urgiug
the United States toacquiese in the demand.
Thi» despatch was read to Secretary Soward,
who responds on the 27th of December, that
tlie President bad previous to the arrival of
the despatch, resolved to remit the gentle
men iv question to the protection of tbe Bri
From Below.—Captaiu Jones, who arriv
ed up from bolow the Confederate batteries,
reports that, when pa-sing Maryland Point
he saw a large schooner sunk, and a propel
lur either &uuk or grounded in shual water.
Coming up, be met a small vessel with a por
tion of her bow stove in.
BA telegraphic dispatch from Washington
ports that "it is generally believed the
■ent affair has been adjusted." Other ac
counts Bay, it is the prevailing belief that
ihe Trent affair cannot be settled.
The steamboat Talocca, has arrived in
Washington, having passed the Potomac
batteries without being fired at. She is in
tended for the new U. S. government ferry
beat at Georgetown, to bring aciosß arm;
The general appropriation bill, passed by
the Confederate Congresa, appropriates $60,
--4)00,000 for the Southern army, and $4,000,
--* 000 for the navy. " A fleet tor the South "
is now urgeutly called for in the Southern
The U. S. frigate Santiago captured on
the 12th in the Gulf of Mexico, a British
Hchuoner from Matamoras, bound to llavan
na. with a cargo of wool, and also a schoon
er from Havana to Brazos, taking from her
Mr. Zachaue, of New Orleans, and several
others, suspected of being Southern agents.
They were transferred to the U. S. steamer
Baltic, and sent to New York, where tbey
have arrived, and been placed in Fortress
An Incident.—A correspondent of the
Baltimore Catholic Mirror, writing from this
place, in noticing the departure of tbe large
number of students from all parts of the
continent, "who attended the schools in this
city previous to the present war, narrates the
follow ing,interesting incident: "There is, I
believe, hut one, of all the young people from
abroad who used to enliven pur streets after
school hours, with us yet. This little boy,
i the son of a gentleman in Georgia, was una-
Ible, from peculiar circumstances, to return
home before the occupation of tbe city, and
has, therefore, been obliged to remain iv tbe
family of the principal of the academy in
which he iB a student. I mention him to in
-1 troduce a beautiful incident which occurred
a few weeks ago. A free woman of color,
formerly a slave to his father, and who had
been his nurse, was in Washington when tbe
blockade commenced, and was forced to re
main there by the impossibility of getting
home. Knowing that the little boy's remit
tances were cut off, and fearing that he might
want for something, -the sent him ten dollars
of her own earning*, in a letter so simply
touching, that I cannot forbear quoting it.
After mentioning that f-he had been to see
him twice, while he was on a visit in Mary
land, she says: 'Oh! how I wish to press
bim to my arms, and ask him if he has for
gotten our dear, sweet, sunny, Southern
home ; my hea r t yearns for our sweet home,
dear little Hugh, where we could enjoy our
selves without being cramped for fear of of
fending any person. Dear Hugh, never for
get your nurse, who still loves you the same.
No matter where 1 may be forced to live, you
will ever be dear to me, and our dear, sunrry,
Southern home will ever be regretted. I five
in hope of yet, one day, being able to get
back to my loved home, for it will always be
homo to me.'
" The above is only one of a thousand in
stances which every mnn acquainted with
.our Southern social life could recall to bis
memory, of the gratitude and Hffection of the
African race towards a kind master and. his
i The Fuel Market.—The supply of fuel
is rather larger than last week, several car
goes of Anthracite Coal have arrived, and
are offered for* sale. Tto* arrivals of Wood
by river, railroad, and -'country carts has
been larger than usual, and prices of wood
.kliow as to some kinds, a slight decline. A
cargo of assorted pine and maple sold at
$5.25 per cord, the lowest price from a riyer '
vessel for sotno months. We quote prices
Wood—Oak, (seasoned) $7; Pine, (baher's)
?; partly seasoned $5.50; Maple, (unsea
C»ai.—Anthracite $9 per ton; Cumher
and, Lump Run-if Mine 1G.60; Fine,
one in market.
The Mayor's Office.—A single case, that
f a man drunk and disorderly, came up this
morning, and was disposed ef accordiug to
Mr. J. Fads, af St. Louis, the constructor
of the Mississippi gunboat Benton, has ar
rived in Washington. The Benton is now
completed, and has gone from St. Lou»b to
Cairo, where she lies to lead the flotilla of
the West, having been selected for the flag
ship by Com. Foote.
TheU. S Marshal sold, at public auction,
in Philadelphia, yesterday, t.ne half of the
prize schooner Extra, being the interest of
Wm. 11. Armitage, of Virginia, at $525.
The scene in and around the burned gov
ernment stables in Washington is sickening.
The bodies of more than two hundred dead
horses were there yesterday. Many of the
hornet" escaped, have not yet been returned
The origin of the destructive fire is not yet
' The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal trade is
tolerably active, though the arrivals are not
from beyond Dam No. 5. which point is, in
deed, blockaded. The pripe of corn is re-
Three large steamers have recently run
the blockade at the mouth of the Mississippi
with full cargoes of cotton.
The U. S. government dispatches represent
'that Gen. Halleck's recent operations in Mis
souri have resulted in capturing 2,500 men,
1.200 hiirses, stores of every description, cut
ting off Gen. Price from his supplies, and
forcing him to retreat.
Mr. Ely states that while he was in con
finement in Kichmond, many gentlemen
called to see him, there never was an indig
nitv offered to him, he was treated with re
spect, and some very useful presents were
made to bim.
The Washington correspondent of tbe
New York World continues to predict that a
general advance along the whole line of war
like operations will take place shortly.
At Washington the signal for advance h
said to be the landing of Burnside's division
at some point sufficiently near the Capital to
be reinforced from there if the landing is
Gen. Banks, at his headquarters at Fred
erick, has issued a stringent order in regard
to the seizure of forage without the owners
The New York Express learus from Fort
Pickens, that serious difficulties have arisen j
between the staff and line officers of the re
giment and Ccl. Billy Wilson. They are |
said to be greatly dissatisfied with his abili- j
ties as a military man, and accuse him of
conduct highly culpable in a commanding
Alluding to tbe apprehensions of the pub
lic that Charleston and Savannah were iti
imminent danger, the Charleston correspon
dent of the New Orleans Delta has the fol
lowing: "The coast at this time, if not abso
lutely impregnable to any organized inva
sion., is at least iv a condition incomparably
more secure than it has ever been before.—
Savannah is now unapproachable by water."
Twelve batteries have been completed on
the Richmond side of the James river, for
the defence of that city. No guns are yet j
mounted fa tbem, however.
The Richmond Examiner of the 25th
charges, the released Union men of Draines
ville lately in prison in Richmond with hav
ing played spies for the Unionists, and thus !
brought about Gen. Steuart's recent defeat
The prisoners taken at Drainesville, state
that the Confederates at Ctaitreville are in i
receipt of Northern papers and letters,
which come regularly across the Upper PO--1
mac, and thus kept accurately informed.
General Reynolds has b'jen transferred to
1 new field of action, superseding General ;
Keiley in command of the Department of I
Com Williams, the mail agent on the
Trent, had been entertained at a dinner in
at which he gave an account of the
seizure of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, differ
ing materially from the reports of Lieut.
Fairfax. He read a letter from the lords
commissioners of the admiralty, approving
of his conduct in the affair.
The tone of the British press continues to j
bo exceedingly belligerent.
The sudden departure of General Scott i
; excited much speculation in Pt.ris, but the
j geuerul opinion seemed to be that he brings
Ito the cabinet the views of the French gov.
; eminent in relatioa lo the difficulty with
! England. Prince Napoleon iB reported to
ibe a firm friend of tbe U. S. government.
I The London Times has published evidence
in support of its charge that Mr. Seward
has long meditated the embroiling of Eng
land with the United States. That journal
Pus Mr. Lincoln that unless he makes a
■dy peace he may hnve, not one, but a
tigular quarrel to deal with,
he Loudon Morning Post—the Govern
ment organ—has briefly intimated that a
stone blockade might lead to something
sharper than remonstrances.
The anti-American frenzy runs so high in
Montreal, that the intended celebration of
the anniversary of the landing of the pil
grims by the New England Society has been
'abandoned. Extensive arrangements bad
been made for the occasion, at,d Giddings, i
waß to have delivered an address.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvious contin- ;
ued. Houses were falling in Terre deli
Greco, and the village was in imminent dan
ger of destruction by lava. All communi
cation between places in the vicinity and the I
mountain was interrupted. Earthquakes l
The French National Exhibition of 1865
will be the greatest ever undertaken. Sir |
Joseph Paxton will have charge of the erec- :
tion of tbe building Hfcich will be provided
with a dome five hundred feet high. j
The New York Express thus speaks of
the dry goods trade of that city : "The up
ward movement lately in cottons has been so
rapid that it is difficult to keep track of it,
and quotations are, to a great extent, nomi
nal " '
I Gen. Sickles has gone to New York on a
military mission. On dit, that he is to fit
out an expedition for the Southern coast.
The expedition against Mexico is still in
progress on the part of each of the tripartite
Gens. McClellan and Marcy, U. S. A„
who have both been sick, are now rapidly
Mr. Russell, in his last letter to the Lon
don Times, is facetious in his account of the
"rush" made on this side of the Atlantic,
upon Wheaton, Grotius, and Puffendorf, to
find precedents for the capture of Mason
and Slidell. He condemns the procedure of
the U. S. government. ' '
Prince Albert expired tranquilly, bis
death bed surrounded by the Queen and tha
royal family. His illness commenced on
the 3d of December, and the typhoid fever
The interminable marshes which skirt tbe
j land approaches to Charleston, are said ta
be more formidable obstacles than fortifica
Gen. Scott was cheered by seme two hun
dred persons who were on the wharf when
ho reached New York. He is said to keep
entirely silent as to the reason of his return
and his intentions. In reply to "a direct
question," the Journal of Commerce says,
"he ehook his head ominously, and intima
ted that affairs were very precarious."
The trial of one ot the murder cases—
there are several to be tried—-has a.uimea
ced before the Criminal Court of Washing
The cold weather is closingthe navigation
nf all tbe rivers, sounds, and canals at the
Archbishop Hughes preached in Paris on
the Bth. It is said he is to go to Spain and
The great British iron clad irigate War
rior draws 28 feet water, and can only enter
the p rta of Portland and Newport, at the
Of all articles ■'old, it is said, that mus
tard is just now the ihost and the worst adul
terated, except.brandy and whiskey.
*Winan's soup bouse in Baltimore con
; tinues to dispense food to the poor—and is
one of the most useful charities in that city.
It is said in the N w York World that the
New York banks have no valid excuse for a
suspension of specie poyments, even if they
should wish it.
All the railroads in Missouri have been
"put under martial law."
NOTICE.— The subscriber having to pay cash
for his purchases, respectful.- informs hia
friends and customers, that, from and after the Ist
day of January, 1562, he will t-upply them with
till article.- in his line for CASH ONLY, and that
the usual reduction for cash will be made upoa
*tii!h pim-hiiie*. JAS. ENTWISLE, Jr.,
de« 28—3t* Apotbeearv/fl-l King str^t.
AO REWARD.—Lust, on Thursday night, Dec.
-JJI-J 26th, a FUR CAPE, supposed to have beea
lost on King street. The finder will receive An
ab«vo reward on leuvirg it at Mrs. LEVI HUR
DLE'S, No.JM King street. dec 28 It*
LOST.— A large STORE JOY, MI aed VWT
bright. The finder will be regarded by leav
ing it, with DAVY A HARMON, corner of Priaee
aud Royal streets. 26 g»
BY VIRTUE of h. deed of trust, bearing dat*
on tho 23d of May, 1854, and by consent of
th« yaities thereto,l will, on THURSDAY TATfI
UAHY 2i, 1862, at 12 in fronf_f
th«.- Mayor s office, in the oity of Alexandria, sell
|*P*!i at public auction, for cash, atwo-storv TEN
111 EMENT and LOT OP GROUND, on th*
south side oi Cameron street, between Pitt and
St. Asaph streets, lying next west of the property
owned and occupied by Benjamin Waters, Esq.-
The lot fronts on Cameron street about 30 feet, and
extends back about 100 feet.'
doc 23—SMS j» R BEACH, Trustee.
Pcoal! coal;; coalip~
TONS ANTHRACITE COAL.
ID STOVE WHITE AND RED ASH,
id, and for sale at the office on King,
•-met, lately occupied by Wige A C*.
T. J. MEHAPPKY,
B. T. PLUMMER,