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wntathcs of the United Slates, in Con
gress assembled, mado ilio following
When, in the course of .human events,
St becomes necessary for mic people to (lis
solve tlio political bands which have con
nected them with nnbthor, and to assume
among 1 lie powers -of tho earth, the separ
ate and equal station to which the laws t)f
Mature and of nature's God entitle diem, Yi
decent respect for the opinions of mankind
tequircs, that they should declare the cau
ses which impel them to he separation.
Wo hold these truths to be self evident
that all men are created equal; that they
arc endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights; that among these are
life, liberty, and the pursuit rjf happiness.
That, to secure these lights, governments
we instituted among men, deriving their just
powers from the consent of the governed;
That whenever any form of government be
comcs destructive of these ends, it is the
right of the people to alter or to abolish it,
and to institute a new government, laying
its foundation on such principles, and or
ganizing its powers in such form, as to them
shall seem most likely to cfl'cct their safety
mid happiness. Prudence, indeed, will
dictate, that governments long established
should not be changed for light and tran
sient causes and accordingly all experience
hath shown, that mankind arc more dispo
sed to suffer, while evils are sultcrablc,
than to right themselves by abolishing the
lorms to winch they are accustomed. But
wlton a long train of abuses and usurpations,
pursuing Invariably the same object, evin
ces a design to reduce them under absolute
despotism, it is their right, it is their duty
to throw off such -government, and to pro
vide new guards for their future security.
Such lias been the patient sufl'erence of
these colonics; and -such is now the neces
sity which constrains them to alter their
former system of government. The histo
ry of the present king of Great Britain, is a
history of repeated injuries and usurpations,
all having in direct object the establishment
of an absolute tyranny over these states.
To provo this let facts be submitted to a
lie has refused his assent 'to laws the
most wholesome and necessary for the pub
Ho has forbidden Jus governors to pass
lawa of immediate and pressing importance
unless suspended in their operation, till his
assent should be obtained; and, when co
suspended, he has utterly neglected to at
tend to them.
He has refused to pass- other- laws for the
accommodation of large 'districts of people
unless those people would relinquish tho
right of representation in the legislature a
right inestimable to them snd formidable to
He has called together legislative bodies,
at places unusual, uncomfortable, and dis
tant from tho depository of their public re
cords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them
into a compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses
repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firm
ness, his invasions on the rights of the peo
ple. Ho haa rofused for n long time aftor sufth
dissolutions, totalise others to bo elected;
whereby tho legislative powers, incapable
of annihilation, have TOturncd to the people
at largo, for thoir cjccroiia; this state remain
ing, in the meantime, oxposcd to all the dan
ger of invasion from without, and convul
Ho has endeavored to prevent the popu
lation of those states; for that- purpose ob
structing the laws of naturalization of for-
eigncrs, refusing to pass others to encour
nge their migration hither, and roiling tho
conditions of now appropriations of lands.
He haa obstructed the administration of
justice, by refusing his assont to laws. for
establishing jdipiary -powers.
He has made 'judges dopendant on hie
will alone, for'thc tomi.f tjiqir gtficqs,
nml the amount- mid .payment .of thoir sala
ries. Hp haa Urpt WW'pP tfWPtP?'
ttanJing annHN'lifcttli AMrfjftf our
He haiair&twHe-TC-ndgrtht i3ry,T-
dependent of, and mtpcrior to tho civil pow
ni'c lias cohlbin'cd 'With ot'licrsl'tolmlijc'ct
us to .yj'urisdictio'n'fpiftjlgn to our constitu
tion, and unacknowledged byuf laws; giv
ing'his.asscntto'thcir nets of protended le
gislation. For quartering large bodies' of armed
troops among us':
For -protecting thcin by a mock trial,
from punishment for any murder which
they should commit on the inhabitants 'of
For cutting off our trade with all parts'of
For imposing taXcs otitis without our
For dopriving us, in. many cases, oT 'the
benefit of trial by jury:
For transporting us beyond seas, 'to be
tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free syslcm)f English
law in a neighboring province, establishing
therein an arbitrary government, and cip
larging its boundaries so rfs to render it at
once an example and fit instrument for iiu
troducing the same absolute rule into these
For taking away our charters, abolishing
our most valuable laws, and altering funda
mentally tho forms ofout governments.
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power,
to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever,
He has abdicated government here, by
declaring us out of his protection, and wa
ging War against us
lie has plundered out seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns and destroyed the
lives of our people
lie is, at this time, transporting large
armies of foreign mercenaries, to complete
the works of death, desolation and tyranny,
already begun, with circumstances of cru
city and perfidy, scarcely" paralleled in the
most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy
the head of a civilized nation.
Ho has constrained our fellow citizens
taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms
acrainst their country. 10 become the exe
cutioners of their friends, and brethren, or
to fall themselves by their hands.
He has excited .domestic insurrections
amongst us, and has endeavored to bring
on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the mcr
cilcss Indian savages, whose known rule of
warfare is an undistinguished destruction of
all ages, sexes, and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions, We
have petitioned for redress, in the most hunv
ble terms: Our petitions have been answer
ed only by repeated injury. A Prinei!
whose character is thus marked by every
act which moy define a tyrant, is unfit to be
ruler of a free people
' Nor have we been wanting in attention
to our British brethren. Wo have warned
them, from lime to tiinc, of attempts made
by their legislature, to extend an unwar
rantable jurisdiction over us. We have re
minded them of the circumstances of our
emigration and Bcltlemeni herb. We have
uppcalcd to their native justice and mag
nanimity, and we have conjured them by
the ties of our common kindred, to disavow
these usurpations, which would inevitably
interrupt our correspondence. They too,
have been deaf to the voice of justice and
consanguinity. Wo must, therefore, ac
quiesce in the necessity which denounces
our separation, and hold them, as we hold
the rest of mankind encmica in war; in
We, therefore, the representatives of the
United States of Amoriua, in general con
gress assombjed, appealing to the Supreme
Judge of the world, for the rectitude of our
intentions, Do, in the namo and by the au
thority of the good people of tlics0 colonies
solemnly publish and declare that those
united colonics are and of right ought to be
free and independent states, that thoy uro
absolved from all allcgianco to tho British
crown, and that all political connexion be
tween them and the state of Great Britain
iB,nd 0llfer,t (o be totally dissolved; and
that as froo and independent states, they
hrtvc full' powBf to levy war, conclude peace,
contract alliances, establish commerce, and
do all other acts and things which indepen
dent states may of right do. And for the
support of this declaration, and a firm roli
aneo on the protection of Divine Providence,
wo mutually pledge to oach other our lives,
our fortune.?, and pnr snufijtl honor.
Signed bjy- order ami bohalf pf'tjjp con
gW 'c . ' .. '.. . !-..'.,
0J7FIC1 OF THE DEMOCMT,
Next noon to Cait. D. Gross's Hotel.
The COLVMIJM DEMOCRAT will be
'inddished dverij Saturday morning, at
TWO DOLLARS per ttnnilm, patable
half yearly vivdvancc, of Two Dollars
Fifty Cents, if not paid within the year.
No subscript ton will betoJccnfor a shorter
period than six months: noruny discon
tinuance permitted, until all arrearages
ADVERTISEMENTS not txcecdtng a
square will be eonsptcUottsly inserted at
Dnc Dollar for the first three insertions,
and Twcnty.-fivc cents for every subse
quent nscrtlotu EC7" A liberal discount
made to those w-ho advertise by the year.
Valuable Real Properly
iROPOSALS will 1)0 received by tlic subset!
1 tr. at his resilience in Espytown, until the
Fourth tint nf Julil ncrf, for lenting, for one or
lnorc years, the following property, to wit:
A Good Farm,
situate in Bloom township, nbout two and a half
miles from DloomslAirg. Also, a
situate on said farm, together with a FULLING
MILL AND FACTOR V, on tho umo premises.
Sa"ii s Slrt and
with necessary out-building?, in Bloorusburg, now
in tho occunancv of Mr. 0. B. Fisher.
rrVThe nreferenco will bo civen to those who will
rent the whole property. Possession given on tho
first, day of April next.
N. 1). Under the present Lease the Milt, will bo
put in good order, olid kept so!
E.ipytown, April 29, 1837.
Of Punbury, Northumberland county,
TfTTSiKfiS leave rcmeclfullv lo inform the nublic
hlTliIia inlf nn flint. Inmn mid snlcioua thrco Ktorv bricl
Jff j IUUX IIU IS UUUUl lU lumut v iu uauicuui, v m-ti;
house, formerly occuiucdby Malhcw Wilson, corner
of Walnut and Third BtrccU,
tnicwof tho State Capitol, which he intend to
open on the 1st day of may next, And vhero he
hopcrf to continuctoicccivo that patronage so liberal
ly bestowed on his establishment heretofore. He
Will at all times provided with every thing ncccssa.
rr to nuke his guests comfortable.
Harrisburg, April 20, 1837,
ETUIINS his acknowledgments to his numc
. rmm friends and customers for their l last fivors.
.uul would now rcpccirully announce lo them, that
lie has received the latest
From Philadelphia, and as there arc liiatcrial chan
ges, invites persons desirous of having their gar
menls made in tho neatest and best stjle, to givohini
a call, lid will endeavour lo please all who favour
luiu with their patronage, by executing lus work
in a neat and fashionable manner, and at the short'
est notice. PETER R. IIEIGHMAN.
Orangevillc, May 13, 1637.
A tFom'iscymasa Tailor,
Who will find constant employment. None need
apply except a gdod workman. Al.oU :
AN APPRENTICE -
Is wanted. A lad between the ngo of 14 and 17
years, of indubious habits, who withes to Irani tho
Tailoring biminess, will find a good situation, by
applying immediately lo
' PETER R. IIEIGHMAN.
OMiigcvillefMay 13, 1837.
ESPECTFULLY informs his friends, and
, the public generally, that he Continues tn ma-
His slinnis near Mr. MrKnlvi-'u ciom.l.n,.
Utuin, on tho Pennsylvania Canal. Ho will be
thankful for favors, mid use his ciideuvnm
CHARLES A. MOVER.
April 29, 1637,
I ESPECTFULLY informs tho public that ho
mm, carries on lhn nlinvn Imnn..., :,. ifini:....:n
ond that he keeps constantly on hand an assortment
WJjifHJje willwuriwU of the bmt matoriaU, nml
woll niufLinred. JIi .hop is on. Main Strwrt:
and hp will fel jteful fori, .hare of patrona.
Miy 13, 1S87,
PACKET ANBTllEIfJlIT BOATS.
From Philadelphia, by Rail Road$ Canal
lo If arrisburg, Northumberland, Dan
ville, Cattawissa, liloomsbur'g,
Berwick, Jfllkesbarrc, Mil
ton, JJ'illiamsport, -and
nssKiVGEKS riin Icavo lhc Wo,t c'iestcr
JJ. Hotel, Htoad street, Philadelphia, daily, at C
o'clock, A. M. reach HarrUburg nt 4 o'clock, P. M
of tho same day j Northumberland at 10 o'clock A.
M. of tho next day j nird Wilkcsbarro on the suc
ceeding morning at 0 o'clock ; when Coaches will
immediately start for Carbondale, Tunkhnnnoek and
Montrose, and thence to tho Western part of New
RETURNING--The Boats leave "Wilkcsbarre
daily, at S o'clock, P. M. and reach Philadelphia in
48 hours thereafter.
Tho Uoats also arrive nt Williamsport, on the
West Branch, at nbout 0 o'clock, P. M. of the same
day on which they reach Tvorthuinlfcrland and re
The Boats on the above lines have lccn repaired,
and are now confidently recommended to the PUB
LIC as a pleasant, comfortable, ami convenient modo
of travelling. SEATS may le taken in Philadelphia
at the north'cast corner of Fourth & Chcsnut street,
at No. COO Market street, and at tho West-Chester
Hotel, Broad strVct.
FREIGHT may be forwarded by Rail Road from
Orrich & Nobles anil J.J. Lewis & Co, Broad street,
and by Capt. MeCabcs Line of Union Canal Boats
to Harrislmrg, whtro they will be received by tho
Susquehanna I.incfromJnbczHarrasdin, Vinettrect
P. Me. C. GILCHRIST,
Wilkcsbarro, Juno 10, 1837. Agent.
Northumberland and Wilhcilurrc
I observed a notice in tho "Keystone,'' (under
one wmcn i pumisneu,! signed by Mr. P. C. Gil
christ. Acent. statinrr llml id.. ';nti,,)io,,,,,l, li.
Line would carry passengers in less time than the
f.l O. .1. f 1. f . .. A .
...an muge which is not me lact. Jt will bo un
derstood lllnt ic Tlnnt lunvnc ITnrlul..... .1-..
before the Stage; yet we have taken Passengers
through to Wilkesbarrc in time for tho Montrose
nagcs, notiiiiimiing tho tardy manner in whii!
the mail Is hrnuMit trim-, Hrrl. i,, ... i
r"' ...luauuij; III ilUl-
thumbcrland. If any oilier persons had the convey
ance of the mails froln Harrisburg to Northumber
land than those connected with the Boats, I would
engage to stait at the same hour with the Boat at
Harrisbur!r. and drllvrrtlio tn.l n..l ln ....
TWELVE HOURS sooner than the Boat Line
possibly can tin it.
When Iho Cnmn.mv r.th n ci f.. Yk.ii
bcr and to AVi inslm
tlmmbcrland from Harrisburg by 11 o'clock, A. M.;
uuv nuvn .iiu jjuai runs unove, tney men keen
uutn. .nt; .lugt-ai iuriiiumoenanu until 4 o clock 1'
M. and sometimes ns lute n 7 nVtnt r i
Tlicso arc facts, which, if the Post Master General
u not nwarc of, it is lime he was made acquainted
w ith them.
rv V- A in. .iirM.ii.w. ..... 7. .... i. ,.,. .
AorlJiumberlaml.togo through to Montrose, will
" iii iime to secure icais tn Hit Muntron
itagr, notwithstanding the dtlai of the Opnocition
m arriving at Northumberland provided thru fix
upon a rigular Umcjor Healing,
Hloomshnrg, Juno 10, 1837.
WE) ETURNS hi, thanks to customers for tho
.RBjpatroiiago which ho has nvpivnl frn, .!....
wnco ho has coninicncej butincss in Bloomsburg.
"'7 wm 6U contniuo their usual sup
pott, and hollas now the pleasure of offering them
a largo nml lashicnable assortment nf shashnj.
v.w, wmcu nave iicen careru y be ectcd,
AjtoNo Which wh.i. iie rovao
Cloths, Cassimcres and Sallinclts. of dif
ferent styles and colours; Silks: figur
ed Lawns tind Jacconetts, European
TOCBTIIBIl WlTH AN ASSOnTHENT OI'
Cloves lionnet Trimmings, r $.e.
viledicmcs and fi ye-Sf fik
OEDAR-WARK, GROCERIES & LIQUORS
All of whid, will bo sold on tho most rcasonabl.
etms Persons ul,,inC to purchase, a e 3
Kr"0"" Good, npd's;'
Bloo.Wh,rg,Muy C, ,'637. '
"frfo ETURNS his most grateful ncknowledgnif,,
jjLti " Lu.iui.ivi. ivi ...i... iiuvmi j'ui.uiiage, En-M
wouui respecpuuy aunouiico to mem, ana the nm.l
v: . n.. 1 .. . : ... . t , I uli
lit; uihuuv, mm iiu tuiiiiiiui-a regularly 10 tccui 1
ffon'i Kcw-York And Philadclplua. lie wouM iS
thankful for n continuance of their favours : nml
win ir)tiiiiiru i!tLiiiu iiiiv wiuh. wjui;ii may uc fctul
10 mm iruni iiugjiuuurmg iiiacs,
Cattawissa, June 10,1837
yj ...u 4'.IJCI.1 III I HI
from No. thumbcrland, airivent Wilke.Jiai,
lilaiir UOUlttS rooner than hi the Mail Li',,,
of Stages, nnd reach Montrose TwENTY-FOl 11
bouts sooner. I''. Me. U. UUiCltKIS'J',
Juno 10, 1837. Agent.
Literature, Mclencc, & General A'cns.
A FAMILY Xr.W8PAPr.il.
ritOSPECTUS OP SECOND V0LOIE
Commcneing May20, 1837.
The SATURDAY CHRONICLE 1 a fiuni!,'
newspaper, published on 11 sheet of the largest man.
mom size, unu issncu regularly irom i'liiluilrlplui,
every Saturday.. It is entirely unconnected wi'1
party politics, and rcctarianism, and is rraloiith .
voted tu lbn mk.ian nf I.ifrmliirn Kn.n.n i.r.
cral Intciligcnce, as calculated to entertain anil- ii
struct every liraneli ot tlio iamily circle. The i:.
Slrril nfthn nillltUltnru la ,n fnriiieli i nmi'.iM t .
snail instruct as well a amuse, and enlighten i.
niiddlo-aged, as well as entertain, and direct to pi
cr objects of study, the mind of y outh. Thrir ,
prcccdcnttd succors during the paH year (li.
obtained a wry extensive circulation not oi.lv
Philadelphia and l'ninsvlvania. but in everv St.
of the Union) induces them lobclicc tbattlj.
plan of publication is a good one, and during t:
succeeding year, they will conlitmd to purmie n
zealously, with stich improvement and modify
tions as may from time to lime be suggested.
General Contents of the Chronicle.
Tales ami Essays on Literary, Pcientiflc tr
Moral subjects Sketches of History and Bio-rrai
Reviews of new publications Stories from i
Classic writers- Popular Statistics of tho Voilu
l.auics Department Original Cotnnmnicatit,
from some of the best writers cf Philadelphia or.'
clecu here Medical Lectures Vcicnce and Art
Agriculture and Rural Economy Popular Pm.
stitions Curious Customs nnd Manners En .
pcun and Domestic Correspondence Articles ra
Music, tho Drania, nnd other amusements Vnr..
tics, ainuMng incidents, Ac. andacarefullvpreiar.
eign and Domestic.
JUtrHelxont of the fit si Volume.
A regular correspondence from Europe, furiiitl;.'1
by on able and elotjilent v. titer, now on a ti
through Europe, and engaged expressly for t!
Chronicle. OfUiis corretiondencc more than f..m
letters have been furnkbnl.
Aterics cf articles on Medical subjeeu, cinbrarm
'"i1"1" u" j.iiuiuniy, ui lunuuar language, irom tl
pen of a distinguMicd Physician of Philadelphia.
Tho republication, in a supplementary klicet, .1
the choicest pud best articles of tho several I.oml
Annuals, for 1S37, Unbracing articles from all (!
prominent tligllsli writers of the present day. 'J I
cot-t of Ihcte Annuals at retail is iibout $.10 tin 1.
principal contents have been furnished tho renuY-.
of tho Chronicle gratis.
Tho rcnliblieutidn nribn int.ntl.u n:i....:..i. n
pers, from the pen of tho best comic writer of tin
ego, Charles Dickens. V.u,.
Original eOutriblitlons on Literature, Scicnf.
I-aw, Education, Potlt)-, Political Economy, c
from a number of tin! very best writers in America
Extra .'It tractions for the second J'olwm.
Tho publication of the original articles, writtm
for the Premiums of f S30, embracing a great num.
her of compositions ofmcrit. The original tale, u
Which Will llf riunriln.1 ttw. Cam, . 'II I .
bly bo pubbshtd in thd rt,t number of tho tcconJ ,
The European Correspotidcncc w ill lo rrgul.irh
continued, as will also the Stories from the Clasur .
and indeed all tho attractive features of tho first o
nine. Thcnnfp uml ,i.t...r r ..
, r ...iiuiio 11 iiieriiry gen
tleman, noiv on n tour througli 1(10 Western an i
bouthern Slates, are also promised for publication m
Choice literary selections will bo furnished fr.n
the Loudon Monthly, Bcntlsy'g .Miscellany, Blark
wood s, and other European Magarinos, core beni.'
taken to io!eet tho very best articles, ''wiiindvMi,;
1110 w jioat irom the chair," from tho great n:iis i
l.nghsh LitcnitUre, and Hot to allow their number u
interfere with our usual variety. Advantage will c
taken of evory circumstance calculated to add w
crest to the columns of the Chronicle. Tho pi."
uhew being deteriniued to allow none to ouWni'
Ibem in tho "March of Improvement." During th.
past year the publishers haVe paid, for original V
tributions. lirrniiiimu V
Ulan ' '
And a still larger sum will be expended; for rimib
wnc"SM' aS l'ubli('all0f h0 focond ol
TlJRMs OF THE nininvrPT.n
For a sinclo
Sf. r $ .i.or lhreo "i w. rot
r-HIl.ali .,( ..ii . .... . .
n.". ""B" 'i Boivcni Jianks,reeejxril '
paid 1"ly"lt'nt of """riplions. Address (poM
MAU'IHAS & TAYLOR, PublUhcrs.
May 87, 1837. Philadelphia
WIMj Io for service (luting tlio present sewon
IMlilino- r it... fl.., P I..t . . ...
rtr V . Ul JUiy "tail ot tnc wa-
April 20, 1837. ?nVm
M BATI.Y r..vrci"rru at this oi j icb.