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Legislature of 1821 , ih which the infliction
of tlio penalty would bo productive of more
evil to the community than a continuance
of the suspension. It is n rcinarhablc in
stance of the virtual repeal of a general
law ol tlio land by the expressive, hut si
lent action of public necessity, by which
own the fierceness of party zeal has been
restrained. Of the voles polled at the l ite
general election, a small majority were by
a party one of whose professed principles
was op.ir.iiion to Hanks, It is a fnirsuppo
s'uion tbicl this majority held since the sus
pension, tb" .'aiiie proportion of the bunk
notes of the State. It was therefore in their
nriwei' to have closed up and foifeitod the
charter of otrv bank in the Commonwealth
tyscept perhaps two or three,
not done so, and the reason is,
They have j
own, and the public interest would have
thereby suffered. The public injunls, both
Legislative and Executive, are therefore
bound to art on this plain intimation of the
pultlic wish. And this construction thr
Legislature are the most compelled to re
qiect, inasmuch n by ibe 10th article of
the act of 5th of Miirch, 1824, no forfei
ture can t.ike place for mere suspension ex
cept at the dciire and by the action of the
people who are the note holders.
lint though the Legislature may thus be
restrained by existing rights, from construc
ting a hanking system entiroly in the new,
yet it is their duty to take such measures
for the protection of the future, as the na
ture of the case demands and will admit.
The trrcat object of a reform in the hank
ing system should be effectually to cuibthc
power to do evil, without interfering with
the capacity to promote the common good.
To accomplish this desirable cud, 1 would
recommend the incorporation of ibe follow
ing provisions, or ol others calcinated to
produce the same results, in all future Hank
laws, and their instant application, so far as
chartered rights and the faith of the State
will allow, to the Hanks now in existence:
1. That the profits or dividend payable to
the slo-kholders, be forever restricted to 7
per cent, per annum on the capital actually
U. That the notes in circulation be still
furthei reduced, in proportion to the amount
of capital slock paid in. It may, by the
present laws be double that amount.
3. That wherever, the specie of any Dank
shall fall below a fixed proportion to the
notes in circulation, all increase of circula
tion shall be strictly prohibited and summa
rily punished, until the proportion required
by law shall be restored.
" . That no loan shall be made to any bro
I';ci or other person engaged n dealing in
money, notes, bills, or other evidences of
debt, until persons engaged in other busi
ness, and preseuli.ig equal security, shall
be first accommodated; nor any loan be
made on pledge nf block, nor on iriy other
security, except that which is usually de
manded. And that loans in Directors, di
rectly or indirectly,. shall be placed under
similar icslrietions with ihosp to , brokers.
That the amount of loans to any individ
ual or firm, whether as drawer or endorser,
or both, shall not be permitted to exceed n
certain sum fixed by law, except with the
consent of three-fourths of the. Directors.
0. That the excess of annual profit be
yond G per cent, shall bo .invested by the
officers of each bank, in such manner as
shall be approved by the Stale Treasurer,
until it reach a certain amount to he fixed
by law, in proportion to the capital paid in,
as a separate fund to secure the snlety of
tlie hank, anil to redeem its notes in case
of accident. The fund lobe under the di
rection of the Stockholders, who shall be
permitted, after its completion) u receive
all ihe earnings of the , Hank, until they
shall be reimbursed for such portions of the
dividends belwien fl and 7 percent, as
were iheicin invested. Hut after they shall
have been thus repaid, all execf-s of divi
dend over 7 percent. hsdl bo periodically
paid tn'tn ihe Slate Treasury for the use.of
the Commonwealth, together wild thefun l
itself, at the expiration of tlio churler and
discontinuance of the Hank.
That every tlnnk in iho State Ghall he
compelled to keep its notes at par in liar
risburg. Philadelphia and Piiubuig, tbo
one the capital, and tho others the great
commercial emporiums of tho Common
wealth, or he summarily liable to iho hold
er for any discount incurred.
That a law be pasoed fixing a period,
not more disinnt than three, four, or five
years fiom the present, for tho expulsion
from circulation of all notes of a lower de
nominotion than len dollars.
That the President and Directors for the
year during which .a suspension of specie
payments shall occur in any Hank, shall
be individually liablo for its notes, and fur
all other claims against it.
That hereafter no bonus or price shall
f"1o paid to iho State by any Hank for a char
ter or recharter, other than the excess over
7 per. cent, of its annual profits as above
mentioned; and that all new stock shall be
sold by auction, tho excels above par value
to ho iho property ol tlio rstaio, um 10 oe
invested in the lund aboc described till the
cxnirntion nfthn charter.
And finally, that no hank, ho allowed to
go into operation until olio third of its stock
shall have been actually paid in.
These improvements of the system, I
liavo little doubt, would be effectual.
Tho private journal kept hy the Hon.
John Quikcv Adams from early youth up
to present time, is said to fill upwards of
eoventy large quarto volumes.
VERY I M PORT ANT FROM CAN' ADA.
Canada. ENciAqinir.Nt dvtween the
Loyalists and Patriots 1(1 killcd and
woundhd. Hy tho steamboat. Franklin,
which arrived at 0 o'clock this morning,, we
learn that an engagement has taken place
between 200 of the Hritish regulars and the
Canadians at St. Dennis, in which tho lat
ter were successful. The loyalists lost 10,
killed :ui,l wounded, and two brass pieces.
Cap!. Mulcoui is icporled as mortally woun
ded. The, patriot Ioj-s was not known.
It nppe.trs ili.it the patriot1 have mudo a
stand at St. Cli ivlos, about 30 niilos below
Montreal, and are rcnuirimr an old French
TJieir number i staled at two thon-
s'oid or more, well armed and furnished.
and thai they h ive ci'f'u brans' pieces. On
U edm-svUiy a ' detnchmpiu of eight hundred
reuuLrs ami three hundred volunteers, left
Mont'eul with the in cntion of breaking
up the post. They !..ih!e.l on Tl.urf day,
n id Inn! i lkt'o np tti-vt It in of ui.ireit for
St. f'h.Hle. Thr sniv. nice tuar.!,- roasis
ting ol 2Hre:ii!.a, h,i :. p needed as f.ir
as Si. Dennis, when they were attacked
by tho Canadian poptiUce, and after a se
vere engagement driven back with the loss
On Thursday night a steamboat arrived
at Montreal, bringing tho bodies of the
slain, when a new detachment, consisting
of the entire regular force of the city, was
immediately despatched down the river.
The next bout will undoubtedly bring us
further and more decisive particulars, which
we sh. ill publish in. another bulletin. All
sc ms to depend on the result of this expe
dition, as the entire regular force of the go
vernment is ongaged in it. The patriots
have a foundry at St. Charles, ami are cas
ting their own camion. . . .
Report says that the patriot force at St.
Charles is under the command of two
French officers of distinction, trained under
Houaparlc. Of this however, we have no
authentic information. Burlington Free
STILL MOR12 FROM CANADA.
The Papincau party had fortified a house
near St. Charles, from the windows ol
which they killed several of the troop.
The Royalists fired on the house from
howitzer, and killed and wounded many of
the revolters, and trtok two of them piiso
More troops are on their way to the
scene of civil war.
THE ALTON RIOT.
. Wc are not ahle to nhl anv lurtlicr in
formation relative to this outrage to the
very circumstantial statement of the mayoi
which wc published in our last. The act
is very justly condemned by all partie
from one cml ot the Union to the other, as
beini! it cross' violation of the liberty of our
country, the liberty of speech and the lib
crtv of the press: while the rash conduct
of Mr. Loveioy cannot he justified. The
editor of the Colonization Herald, after
reprobating the same ami the conduct of the
rioters, and depleting the injury which re
ligion and virtue suffers by such lawless
oul-hreakiii!s adds the following fact. "It
was our privilcgn to bo acquainted with
the Rev. Mr. Lo'c y, under the following
circumstances. At the session of the Geo
eral Assembly held in Pittsburg in the year
1830, we as delegates to that body sat to-
ffeihcr at a table in the uiMe ol the church
Duriiur the discussions on the Mihieet of
slavery, IVeuuenl and imct revere were tin
remarks winch he made to me ol the mem-
l.ers an i their !peei lies. Alter some se
vere re narks, one dav we said lo him
"Mr. L. von will certainly bo killed, 1
fear, before two years have passed away.1
" Whv do-yon t'diik ho," said he. "lie
cause," we rep'in.l. "the severity .of your
language, and the bitterness ol spirit yon
manifest, it cirri I o"t in nuhiie, will raise
siicli a fl'-rili of in'i'overnahle passions as
will eertain'y dc--my you." "Well," he
icplied, "I am d,''o.viined lo li.'iht it out
live or die." Kt owing that ho had not
changed hU fieri el or i'eiennitiaiion, we
were exceed'. igly g.MH:p.l, but n.'t surprise.!
lo hear of bis dath. And this determinn-tinn,-if
wo may ero.ill tho a.-eumits froi
Alton was muitiViined ;ho hst. for ha fi
red iho at '.'on, and killed the fir: t nun
that fell." A e,y .
Things in f!'ineoniiin,-'Vle following
curious advortieomsiihf Is copied from n late
ntimbei of a Wisconsin ,Paperi
"Whereas, 1 has got an hem that my
claim in Skunk Sottloment, on the Wehsa
pineeon river, has been jumped by some
foreigners, outlaws, cut throats, beef steal
ers, coining from some pooi, worn-out
country, God knows where, Tom, Dick
and Harry whom nobody knows iae,
tag, and bobtail of all sects of clirisiians
Now this is to inform all emigrants to Wis
consin Territory, that lliero is sufficient
laud belonging to Uncle Sum, without ta
king mv claims;' therefore, take, notice, all
yo Hoosiers, Pukes, Huck Eyes, Suckers,
Cornerackcrs, Yankees, Flat heads, Wol
vercens, Huck .skins, Herring Hones, Spec
ulators, Land Pirates, or what not, that if
any one of you has squatted on my im
provement and dont absfiuulllo before I get
there, I wilt row you up Salt Creek
crreaso and gridiron you, mid knock you
into tho middle of next week, so help mo
M"3C8, RUUEN FLACK,
The Gentle mhi$' Magazine No. 6, con
eluding tho first volume" is as welcome as
its predecessors. We shall look very anx
iously for "The Life of a celebrated Com
modore," which is promised among other
originals in the January number.
The United Stafcs Senate will remain
without any material chango dining the
coming session. On the 1th of March, 18
38, the term of service of tlie following gen
tlemen will expire;, N. P. Tnllmado of
New York; Henjamin, Swift, V; Daniel
Webster, Massachusetts; Asher Robins, It,
I; John M. Miles. Con.; R- II. Haynrd.
Del.; Samuel L. Southard, N. J.; Samuel
McKoan, Pa.; William C. Rives, Va.;
John Hlack, Miss.; John Kent, Md; Thom
as M irris, Ohio; John Tipton, Ind.; Thom
as II. Henton, Mo.; Williar S. Fulton,
Arkansas; Lucius Lyon, Michigan.
Resides these, there is a vacancy to be
filled in Geoigia, growing out of the resig
nation ololr. Mnir, and perhaps another
in place of Mr Cuthberl of Georgia, whom
it is rumored will resign his seat.
At a ineelimr of the Agricultural Society
of Fred'icksburg, Va., of which James M.
Garnet is the zealous and oliietent Presi
dent, the following resolution was among
"Resolved, 1 hat a premium of 8,10 ho
offemi to the wife, mother or sister of the
member, who shall wear Ibe neatest suit
of domestic chillies at our next meeting
the same to be manufactured at home."
Mum wiK.iwrnjw .
Flour is arriving at New York by the
Canals, at the rate ot 1U,UUU barrels per
Howard street Flour is selling in Balti
more at i0,75. Wagon price $9,50. Not
much doing. . . 4 -
The steam rice mill on the Carolina Hank
of the Savannah river, 10 miles above Sa
vannah City, was consumed by fire on the
17thinst. Loss 30,000.
The average price of Pork, at Cincinna
ti, during the present slaughtering season,
will not exceed 3 70 per 100 lbs.
A company hns been incorporated in Illi
nois, for the purpose of manufacturing beat
sugar, oil from the poppy, and the culture
jjfsilk. The capital of the company, is
$200,000, with the privilege of ho'lding
real-estate to a certain extent.
From April 1st to November 17tii, -172.-719
barrels of Flour arrived at New York
down the Hudson, of which 201,800 was
in October and November.
Our last number of the Tennessee Inqui
rer says, " Our atmosphere is as bland as
the airs of April; and our little buzzing
friends, the Musquilocs, who most uncere
moniously absented themselves during the
visit of Jack Frost, have relumed and
thrown themselves into our arms with every
demonstration of iheir marked and most
SPURldL'S COPPER COIN.
Information having been communicated
to the Treasury Department that spurious
copper coins were in circulation in New
York and Haltimore, the Solicitor of the
Treasury (II. D. Gilpin, Esq.) , immediate
ly issued an order directing the U. S. At
torney for the Maryland disiriet;'lo iiistimtc
legal proceedings against such persons as
may ho found violating tho law in relation
to this subject. The act of 1792, provides
that "no copper coins or pieces whatsoever,
except the said cents and half cents, ' being
those coined at tho Mint of tho United
States, shall pass current as money, or shall
tie paid or offered to be paid, or received
in payment for any debt, demand, claim,
mailer, or thing whatsoever: and all copper
coins or pieces, except the said cents and
half cents, which shall he paid, or offered
lo he p.iid, or received in payment, contra
ry to tlie piohibition aforesaid, shall bo for
feited; and everv perton by whom any of
them shall have been so p.dd, or offered to
bo paid, or received in pa) mcnt, shall also
forfeit the som often dollars; and the "said
forfeiture anil penalty shall and may bo re
ceived, with cost of suit, for tho bo'nefit of
any person or persons by whom informa
tion of the incurring thereof shall have been
JUSTICES OF TUG PEACE.
Wo loarn fiom an article in the Hunting
don Gazelle that, within nine months, Gov
ernor Rilnur appointed onl; twt.nty Jus
tices of the Peace in Huntingdon county.
Wo would just whisper in the car of Gov.
Riluor, that he is putting himself to unne
cessary trouble. Even Kxeculivo prodigal
ity in tho distribution of these "favors,"
cannot, "save his bacon at tho uoxt election.
Ho may fill the state with ofiicers, not re
quired by tho wants of the public, and still
the pcoplo will bo too strong for him. It
is only a waste of pens, ink and paper.
Tho Nantucket Inquirer says, "A lod
ger in a hotel, after washing himself in tho
morning, wiped his laco with a newspaper,
and sat down to peruse the napkin; he did
not discover his error titilil ho attempted to
tear off u corner wherewith lo light his
The following Is a correct list of the ol
dlers furnished , by each state during the
revolution. The free population, of Massa
chusetts was in 1700; '475,000; the popula
tion of Virginia about 520,000, of New
Hampshire 141,000. . -
Number of Men supplied by each Slate.
New Jersey, .
Not long since, two sailers 'passing by a
tailor's shop, ohserved a tailor at work,
with his waistcoat patched with different
colors of cloth, when one of the tars cried
out to tho other, "Look ye, Jack, did you
everscoso many sorts of cabbage grow 'on
one stump before?"
A tailor and tavern-keeper, who each
gave his custom lo the other, mutually pre
sented their bills. The tailor sent his" back
for correction: tbo tavern-keeper sent hi
back, with the following lines written un
"If you quarrel with charges, my troublesome
Tray look to your own 'tis your business to mend:
Come, live, and let live, without uny repining,
I pay for my doublet pay you for your lining.
DIED. In Liberty township on Satur
day night last, Mr. Roiickt Einmkv aged
about 05 years.
Mr, F. was found dead on Sunday mor
ning lust, in his bed, at the residence of .Mr.
John Clark, where he resided. He was a
resident of Liberty township ever since the
formation of that township, and a resident
of that section of country more than forty
years. His death most probably was ow
ing to bis. extreme old 'age.' 11c was fol
lowed to his grave by a numerous concourse
of acquaintances; he had no near relations
in this country, but was distinguished for
his liberality and numerous acquaintances.
He retained his understanding until about
two years since; since that time he has
been daily declining in strength of hodv
anil mind. During his old age and help
lessness, every mark ol respect and liberal
ity, and ihe greatest cure and attention
have been bestowed upon him by Mr. Clark,
until his siiibh'ii departure Ironi hie s darl
and drearv path.
In Liberty township on Saturday the
21th till. Mr. Thomas Savvvkus. Mr. S.
was also found (load in his bed on Sunday
morniii'' last. Dan. Intel.
THE INDEPENDENT TROOP
RE hereby notified that n Court of Appeal, for
healing Ahiclitceg at tlie trainings m July,
hcplcmber and ilcccmlicr I.it. will lie held at the
houe of Wm. Holiibou, in lJloomsburg, on Satur
day, the 30th day of Uoccmlt-r hist, at S o'clock in
At. .McUUWUlil,, Uuplam.
.1. T. iWns?;3maM, & Co.
TZJTTTOriil) again announce to their customers,
y and the public, that they liao jcst re
ceived another fresdi supply of
embracing every variety of Dry Goods, Grocerios,
Liquors, Hardware, &c. vvhicfi they intend to well
ot tin niot reduced prices at Iheir now and cheap
htoro in riloonislmrg. They invite a call from
those who want choice articles at almost cost pri
December 0, 1837.
C1 LOTUS, Cnskirneros, and SattinelH, of every
I colour and quality, just received at our new
snd cheap store, and now ollered for sale at City
J. T. Mussclman, Co.
Dec. 9, 1837.
TT ADIE'V Gum Fur Top Shoes, and superior
Men's do. of ihe bt quality, just received &
lor isule at the new and choap torc of
J. T. Musselman, Co.
Dec. 0. 1837.
EUINOS, Calicoes, Minim, and Flannel,
of all descriptions, and at remarkably low
pnetw, just received and for sale at tho new and
cheap store of
J. T. Mussclman, Co.
Dec. 0, 1837.
ILL be paid, but no addition
al iharccs, for the apprehen
sion and delivery of Irani Hunter, an apprentice
to tho Tailoring busiuci, who absqttutuluttd from
my employment on Sunday mornimr last. Said
boy is about 10 yean of ago, fair complexion, dark
hair, rind had on a dark brown new coat and pan
taloons. All peso-is n.c cat. timed uy-inst harbor
ing or trustir.,; taiJ boy at their pmil.
j&x ens wssm
Orphan's Court Sale.
N pursuance of an order of the Otthan'i Court
of Columbia county, will be exposed to sale, by
public venduo or outcry, on Monday, the. fint day
of January next, ih c following described real pro
perty, to wit : A certain
TRACT OP LAND,
iituate in tho township of Madison, Columbia coun
Xy, bounded by lands of William Ciilon. Esq.. John
Heller, John liillhcim, and others', containing about
Elglity-l'our Acres, about two-thirds of which
is cleared land, and on which arc erected a
a LOG STABLE, a SPRING-HOUSE, aml.other
out-Iiuililiugn. A good spring ol water is conve
nient to the dwelling, and on the premises is an ex
cellent PEACH & APPLE
containing a choice selection of fruit. The land in
wnlercd with numerous springs, and about F1VC
AGUES of which is good meadow ground.
fXThe sale will commence at 10 o'clock of said
day, on the promises, when due attendance will be
given, and terms of sale made known, by
WILLIAM CHITON, Adm'r.
December 9, 1837.
A general supply of FHESH OYSTER8 may
always be obtained during Ihe season, by ap
plying at the Refectory of the subscriber in Blooms
bun;. JOHN It. MOVER,
F the most durable materials, and finished in a
superior and fashionable stvlc, at' from ft4?
to k3 each, just received and for sale at the storo
ofv CD. FISHER.
Uloomsburg, December 2, 1837.
The Altaic otf J1DAM WELLIVEIl,
late of Madison Township, Columbia
DTICE is hereby piven, that Letters of Ad
ministration have been granted to the nub-
scriliers on said estate. Therefore all persons hav
ing claims against said estate, arclequcstcd to pre
sent them, and those indebted are requested to mako
November 17, 1837. Administrators
The Es'u'e of JOHN KITCHEN, late
rf Mudiaon township, Columbia coun
"mj"OTICE is-ho'cby given, that Letters Test
Jj inentory have befii granted lo the subscr
hers on the estato of said deceased. Therefore al
persons having claims against said estate aro re
mfclcd to present them, and thoe indebted arc ro.
ijUestcd to make immediate payment. v
Nancy Kitchen, Executrix,
lliehard Dcmott, Executor.
November 17, 1837.
' x J u 1 1 in l:j
"f7"EKi" respectfully informs his friends and thn
$ public, that ho has always on hand, at his Li
very Stable in Uloomsburg, for the purposes of Hiro
or Exchange, a variety of
GIGS, WAGGONS AND SLEIGHS,
which he will feel .gratified to keep in rcadiucss for
the accommodation of customers.
Personal application can be made at his residence,
when every means will be used to render entire sat
isfaction to thoso who may give him a call.
NOAH S. FRENTIS.
Uloomsburg, November 1, 1837.
INSURANCE AGAINST FIRE.
THE DELAWARE COUNTY
Capital authorised by Law, $250,000.
THE public arc respectfully informed, that this
Company will make insuranre, either per
manent or limited, on properly and effects of every
description, ogainst loss or damage by lire, on tho
most reasonahlo terms, at Iheir office in Chester
Delaware enmity, Pennsylvania,
The citizens of Columbia county aro hereby in
formed, that insurances by tho above Company of
every description of property, can hi effected hy
applying to the undersigned agent, in Cattavviesn
Tho following are the unnual Ratraof Insujance
on the $100, upon the most Common description
of property, viz:
Stone or Brick dwelling
Frame or Log do. 00o75 "
liriclc or Stone bams, 00 lo G2i
J rame or Log do. '
Erich or Stone Gritt
75o 100 '
02i to 100"
75 to 100 "
Merchandize and fumituro contained in hourca,
und grain and utensils in mills and burns, in pro.
portion. Information can to had by applying ci
thor personally, or hy letter pmt paid, to
EZRA S. HAYHUR&T, Aetnt.
Cattawtssa, September 30, 1837.
Vlt lf!0 Ji t re-live', nnd f3r ml at thi
J. (l ifuisehictil, J Gh.
Vntbor 1,4931, '