Newspaper Page Text
in ' i-'
fjinve done so and the creditors of Pcnn
i I- . . fur
jSJ Ivniira uuiiiiuiu uiu lume justice. X lie
whole matter is rcspcntlnlly suumited to
the Legislature, that such order may bo
taken upon it, as the honor of the State,
and justice to her citizens and creditors
may require. TJioTsubjcct is introduced
inthis'coimcction, as exhibiting' an addi
tional. strong reason for avoiding any in
crease of ttic debt, and for confining all our
present oncrgics to the single object, of ma
king the cxpcndilurcjiilreadyl incurred, as
.nspccuiiy productive as prarucauio.
I On the last day of.thc last session of the
5 Legislature, a jnin.t resolution was presen
ted to mo authorizing n loan by the Slate,
Ifoj two years, of 9150,000, at six per cent.
...1 Tl I II
interest, 10 mc iiarnaourg aim jjancasier
rail road company. It was not llicn, nor
lias it been since, sinned. I now assign
(thc following reasons for withholding the
. 1. Hccausc, just before ihc resolution
.was presented to mc, 1 had refused to sign
tho general improvement bill ol tlic ses
sion, chiclly on account of its containing a
large amount of appropriations and aids to
company works, to the injury of the public
works of the Commonwealth, and to. the en
tire prostration of her future ..resources, if
the bill should succeed. The subject of
the resolution in question had no stronger
claims than they, and could not Ipivc been
approved if embraced in that bill, nor can il
now be approved separately.
2. Because 1 wholly disapprove, of the
.practice of connecting extensive works by
companies, or oilier private means without
v nil amiiiy anu preparation 10 coiupicie
f them. The practice of doing so, and of
II then throwing lliem on the treasury ol the
jl Commonwealth for completion, lias been
liio extensively followed, and should be dis
countenanced. It is unjust to the citizens
of the Slate generally, injurious to, the ,cit
zens ihrongh whose properly they pass,
and ruinous to the unfinished system of
State works. . ...
3. Hccauso almost the only business
which can be transacted on the road in
question, will be abstracted from the pub'
lie works of the Stale at Lancaster and liar
risburg, .The .loss to the" State by ihc
transportation of passengers alone on this
road has been already considerable, apd
when it shall bo completed and used for the
transportation of freight, will, in all likeli
hood, amount io 8100,000 per annum. It
therefore has no very strong claims on the
liberality of the Comnionwaeltli.
1. Hccausc, even if the claims of this road
for aid were strong, as they are not, the
condition of the State Trcasuiy will not af
ford Ihc proposed .loan. A 'sufficient a
inotinllo carry on the proper undertakings
of Ihc Commonwealth is barely on Imud;
and even. if . more were possessed, their
wants would require it all.
G,Aud finally, because I wish to make
my opposition to this resolution indicate
the decided objections entertained against
tho ruinous policy of chartering companies
to make railrords and canals parallcd wilh
tho public improvements. If this. course
be pursued, and particularly if the compa
nies be also aided by ihc State, in their setr
ting the Stale works idle, the latter had bet
ter at once bo abandoned, .
On the sa.ue day there was also presen
ted to mc for signature, a bill entitled "An
act incorporating the Duck Kidgc rail road
and mining company and for oilier purpo
ses." This bill, if il become-a law; will
incorporate or extend the privileges of elev
en companies, with power to purchase and
hold 30,000 acres of land, nndoperato with
an asrerecato capital of S:i,200,000: all of
tlicm to mine and transport coal to market,
and some with power to construct railroads.
iho contemplated companies, whoso pri
vileges arc generally to continue lor 20
years arc "The Duck Kidgc road and mi
ning company, lo operate m the county
of Schulykill with a capital of 350,000.
"The. i)aunhin and Susquehanna Coal
company," continued and extended for 20
years, ,to operate in Dauphin, with a capital
of 500,000i .''The Union rail road and
mjning company," to operate in Schuylkill
and JJauphin, with a capital ol .(oli.UUU
"Tho Morris Kun Coal company, to oper
ate in Northampton, with a capital ol 250
000. 'The Pino llidcrc. Coal company,' ,to
operate in Luzcrno and Northampton, with
a canital of aoo.000. "The Ilarleich Coal
company," to operate in .Luzcrno and Nor
thampton, with a capital ,oi. zuv,viv
"The Dradford Coal company, to operate
in "Uradford county, with a capital of 250,
000: and "Tho Franklin Kail Koad eomiia
ny," with privileges and rights similar to
the, preceding coal companies to operate in
the county ol Hradlord, with a capital oi
I am constrained to refuse tho Execu
tive approbation anil signature to this bill
for the following reasons;
y 1. Dccause the incorporation of compa
nies, of any kind, to accomplish objects
within tho reach of private enterprise, is a
departure from the good old and safe rule
of Icgiclation.jn Pennsylvania.
$f2, Because the mining of coal, though
it may have required tho enlarged powers
of corporations, to cornmonco and carry it
into successful operation, at tho beginning
of the coal trade, is a business now well
understood, and profitably pursued by thou
sands of privato citizens, whoso rights and
intorcsls will bo injured by the oxcrciso of
corporate power and competition.
3. Because the law authorizing and reg
ulating limited partnerships, presents all
trie ounortunitv for the investment of capi
tal, without risk to the remainder of the
owner's property, and for combined opera
tions uy inuiviuuais, now necessary to
prosecute this or any other branch of pri
1. Hccausc the desire to form Coal Com
panies is generally produced by the mero
spirit of speculation, .or by soino plan to
.1:...... r . . . n , .
uisqiusu oi ,i particular tract, oi lanu to great
advantage, and not by the intention of real
investment m this particular ..branch of bu
siness, or.carry.ing it on as a means of rain
ing a livelihood.
5. And, above all, because I feel the ut
most repugnance against any project ;that
may have the influence of crippling or mon
opolizing the great coal trade of Pennsyl
vania, which I fear would be the effect of'
thc-gencral incorporation of coal compa
panics. The reasons thus given against signing'
the rcsolulioli. and Mil above named, 1 de
sire may be received and acted on by the
Legislature as my compliance with the 22d
section of the first article .of the Constitu
tion of the Commonwealth. -
One more remark will complete all that
need now be said with regard to compa
nies. The usual practice has been to grant
canal and rail road corporations the privi
lege of entering upon and constructing
their works through private property, with
out first ascertaining the compensation or
damages to be paid to the persons injured:
and iu some cases tho mode for assessing
ami recovering the damages is extremely
dilatory and unjust. Permit to suggest to
the Legislature, the propriety of providing
in all ai;ls of incorporation hereafter to be
granted, that no private properly shall bo
taken until the amount of damage sustained
by each individual shall have been first as
certained and secured. If it were- even
provided thai payment should bo made be
fore the commencement ofaclual operations
on the ground, il might have the effect of
preventing much, destruction ol private
properly, , ny canals a,nd rail roaifs, com
inenceil but never carried out to a state of
. The Stale works are sometimes nlso pro
ductive ol injury to private property, in r
way which docs not admit nf reparation uiv
dqr any general law. Houses, barns, &e
have Itecu consuniedby sparks railing from
locomotives on the State- rail ways, to com
pensate for which the State Agents possess
no authority. I he only relief hcrctofoic
has been through a tedious and expensive
application to the L'cjrislaturc. 1 would
suggest the justice of passijiga law author
izing the Appraisers of Damages lo estimate
tlic lull loss sulk-red by any citizen, in con
sequence of the use of the railroads and ca
nals of the Stale, by the public agents the
amount to be instantly paid out of "the Stale
I reasury to the persona, aggrieved, on a
certificate of the damages by tho Apprai
scrs, accompanied with the proper warrant
jcOXCLUDi:!) ON IOUItTH I'AOK.
i no loitowing highly important prcam
hie and resolution were offered in the State
Senate on Monday, by Cul. .Wyeks of Del
aware county: , .
liercas, In. consequence, of the banks
in this .commonwealth having suspended
specie payment for their notes or bills, the
citizens arc laboring under great inconveni
mice for want of a sufficient quantity, of the
constitutional .currency, to wit, gold and
silver, to transact the ordinary business of
life, and have been obliged to submit to
loss and imposition by the unlawful issue
of small hills under the denomination o
five dollars by various incorporated compa
nice, not only in this stale but elsewhere.
Jlnd Whereas, This state of things is cal
culated to -hill heavily on tlic mechanics
and labouring classes of tho community,
who are compelled lo take such spurious
bills lor their labour, many ol which will
never bo redeemed, ,0ml whereas, The
Exccutivo in his late annual message to
both branches of the lcgislaluro explicitly
ilcclaics that tho banks in this common
wealth are "in a much sounder condition
than before the suspcns'on, and thai the re
sumption ol specie payments, so lar as de
pends on their situation and resources, may
tako place atany time." Therefore
Resolved, liy the Senate and House of
lenresentativcs, a-c. t hat irom and alter
the first day of March next ensuing, any
of the banks of this commonwealth rcfu-
s'i'ig to redeem their notes of the denomi
nation of fivo dollars in specie, and from
and after the first day of May next, to re
deem .their notes of the denomination of
ten dollais in specie, and. from and after
the fust day of July next to resume specie
payments generally, duo proof of tho fact
being made, upon tho oath or affirmation
of two reputable citizens, before any al
derman or judge of a court of record in tlic
city and county of Philadelphia and flic
several counties of this Stale, and the same
certified to tho Governor by such judge or
alderman, ho shall immediately issqo his
proclamation declaring the charter of such
bank or banks, so refusing to redeem their
notes in specie as aforesaid, forfeited.
Currency Crisis. Yesterday, tho com
mittee of tho Houso of Kcprcscntativcs ap
pointed to arrange the several items of the
Governor's message for reference, reported
a resolution referring to a select committee
of nine, tho subject of banks and tho cur
rency, as affected by the suspension of spo
cie payments, with tho proposed remedy.
This is undoubtedly the mosfvitally im
portant question that will come before the
legislature, and hag been confided by tho
Spcakei to very able and competent hands.
Wo havo no doubt a full and satisfactory
investigation will be made by -the commit
tee, and a resultjirrived at, such-as the pub
lic good requires. Tho committee as ap
pointed by the Speaker, are Messrs. Jotm
at on, Stevenson, Hopkins, Walls, J. Mc
llvain, Scbring, Uilmorc, Stevens, and
Garretson six consistent .-and thorough
going democrats, to one whig and two an-
Jlnlimusonru. The same committee re
lortcd a resolution referring the subject of
cxtta judicial oaths to a select committee of
three In obedience to this resolution the
speaker appointed Messrs. Dilmnoham,
Sri;vr.NS and Hays as the committee. As
tho antimasons and tho masons are the on
ly portion of community who feel any in
tcrcst in this subject, the Speaker with vc
y creat propriety, committed it to tho dis
tinguished leader of the antimasouic party
in conjunction with two prominent royal
arch supporters of Gov, Kitncr. .It is to bo
hoped that their dclibciations will be en
lircly satislactory, to both Ins Excellency's
masonic and antimasouic Inends. lb.
JjMlG COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT.
Ity Ingram & 91111$.
"TIIUTII WITHOUT FF.All.
SATURDAY, DEC. 1G, 1S37.
TO OLIt PATItOXf".
Tho undersigned has disposed of one-half his in-
tcrcst in the " Columbia Democrat" to Mr. Fkamc-
lih S. Mills, and tho paper will hereafter, bo pub
lished under the firm of Ixhiiaji & Mills, The
subscriptions due from the commencement arc the
mutual property ofbuth, and consequently payments
can bo made ta cither of the proprietors. (
The political character of the " Democrat" will
remain unchanged ; and Mr. Mills being a practical
printer, will probably odd something to tho appear
ance of tho paper in its future publication. I was
induced to secure tho sen ices of a partner from a
wih to devote moro time to the duties of my pro
fession ; and while I return my sincere acknowledge
mcnts to tho public for their very liberal support of
the papcr.bii.ico its establishment, I hope the present
arrangement may prove satisfactory to its patrons.
JOinX S. INGRAM.
DIoomburg, Dec. 1(1, 1837.
CCj" The Governor's Messago has excluded our
usual variety of matter this week, and. ftur patrons
may anticipate a similar want of interesting medley.
iu tho next number, when wc shall give the Prcsl
dent's. Doth of the messages arc interesting and
important, and tlcir publication places them in, a
convenient form for future reference, which in lato
times becomes very necessary iu order to compre
hend the real sentiments of our great men.
A resolution passed the Housp of Representatives
by n voto of 54 to 43, to adjourn onTlursday next
until tho 3d of January.
This convention has adjourned to meet again hi
New York on tho Kccond Wednesday of April next,
I licy Unno nothing towards tho resumption of spe
Mr. Solomon Chambers, an aged inhabitant of
Adams county, was found murdered in ono of his
fields on, .tho Oth insf". and Thomas Snoden, hia
son-in-law, has been committed to jail on suspicion
of tho horrid crime. Hp will bo tried in January.
(Tj Wo havo received the first number of a new
paper called tho "Lcwishurg Mundartf," printed at
J.cuisburg, Union county, Pa., by Mr. E. D. Fitch,
It is neatly got up,.bul wo fear that his professions
ot neutrality iu politics will do him but little service
in i county where party excitement has no.limits,
However, ho has our best wishes for success.
CCjf The first number of the l'enmylcania Far
mer and Common School Intelligencer," has been
rcccicd. It is a neat quarto, and promises to be a
useful periodical. It can bo seen at our office, and
any names left with us will cheerfully bo forwarded
to tho publisher.
A dwelling houso and carpenter's shop of Mr.
Primmer, ofDanville,&tho cooper shop of Mr. E.
Young were destroyed by firo on Sunday morning
last, and shocking to relate, n young man named
Maurcr was burnt to death. Another warning of
tho fatal consequences of intemperance; aurer
had went to tad intoxicated, with a bottle of rum,
and most probably caused tho fire and the loss of his
own lifo by striking a light (o procure moro liquor.
OC" A. destructive firo occurred at Pottsvillo last
week, originating in a dmg stare, and destroying,
several valuable buildings, tho property of Messrs,,
l)ruy& liarcroft, of Philadelphia, Loss estimated
CCj Tlit tditor of tht "MowUa'MHr" announce
the suspension of iU publication. Ho allege that
the patronage of tho paper ii sufficient lmt" that
his increaseof subscribers has only Involved him in
moro difficulties, because thev will not tmvt and
that he will never resume .again until all arrearages
aro discharged. This is right. A press to be free
nnd spirited must bcjndcpcndent of both its.cnc
mies and its. friends; and unless" patrons comply
with tho terms such a course cannct be expected.
The following, from E. G. nickctts, Esq., post
master at Rohrsburg, is inserted as an advertisement.
and shall next week be transferred to that depart
ment ot our paper, and continued until otherwise or
dered, in accordance wjth his request. The patent
medicine alluded lo has certainly becomo a mere
dreg, as it can bo had in any quantity in every storo
and tavern in tho country ; and Mr. It's caution may
not prove ill-timed in respect to much of it, which
docs not operate until 1839.
Shin-Plaster Imposition !
TO "!!. EDITOR, Sin llv a fall I cot mv shin
IT JL skinned, which took cold, and became very
sore, when 'Squiro Covcnhov'an, of Orangcvillc, paid
ho had thin-plasters that were good for sore chins,
which I agreed to- try arid -found my shin grow
worso rapidly. Yet I bore it fur somo days ; but
finding it still to grow worse, I took it off, and blirn
cdit. As. I am fully persuaded they aro an impo
sition on the public, and not good, I Have taken this
method of cautioning tho unwary of their poisonous
cllects. ' I hey are a pretty looking thing, and closely
resemble money yet they arc deceptive, like tho
serpent in its coil, which will sting-when least ex
pected. Yet sonic say there is a difference in tho
manufactories of them, yet I fear they are all filled
j Very respectfully,
li. u. liIOKETTS.
Rohrsburg, Dec. 10, 1837.
i John JJClcndcnin, Esq. formerly of llarrisburg,
has been elected Prosecuting Attorney by the Leg
islature of Arkansas. Mr. Clendcnin is a young
glcntlcman of talents and character, and wc rejoice
in his promotion iu the country of his adoption.
Tho Bank question has occupied nearly all tho
limo of the Reform Convention since it& removal to
Philadelphia. A resolution to adjourn on the 15th
of next month has been laid upon the table.
The, Democrats of the City of Philadelphia, havo
chosen Delegates to tlic 4th of March Convention.
iimd instructed them tti sinmnrt flm iinnnnntlnti
In Lycoming county delegates' have been chosen
with instructions to support Gen.Ioscph D.Anthony.
In PuiLADrirniA, Flouris J9 75; Wheat, S2 ;
Rye, SI 05 ; Oats 30 cents, nnd Whiskey 32.
In Baltimore, Flour'is fO 50; Wheat $2; and
Whiskey 35 cents per gallon.
In Pottsvillk, Fluur is $ 10 per bbl, nnd Wheat
$2 per bushel.
The prices of Grain and Flour aro visibly de
clining in tho city Markets.
Coxonnss. The (Session, which lias
just commenced, promises lo be an exci
ting one. The. eyes of the whole nation
are directed to Washington. The people
are sun determine!! to confide in their Hep
rcscntalivcs; and the hope ol every patriot
is cented in the result of their delibera
The Sub-Troasnry Hill, defeated as
was, last- Sossion, by the fears of a few of
the Kepuhlican members, will becallcd up
again, and passed. The country has no
other alternative. Tlic (State Hanks have
pioven recreant to their trust, and the dar
ling scheme of the Federals has been sig
nally condemned In- the People. There
fore, the Sub-Treasury is the only practi
cal means of Relief. It will be adopted.
The Texas question must bo settled,
Mexico has proven unfaithful to the obli
gations of tho Treaty, and openly insulted
the powers of the United, States. -These
matters connected, as they arc, with the
Texan quostion, will prove more in favor
of tho Young Republic, than all the argu
ments which tho South can produce. It
will, however, prove a vexed and exciting
topic. iMucii bcclional feeling will arise;
the iNortli arrayed against the South, may
produce inc same catastrophe that once
threatened to shake our indivisibility.
IN pursuance of an order of tho Orphans' Court
of Columbia county, will be exposed to tale bv
public vendue, on Saturday, I he sixth dan nf Jan
uary, w&i7, tho follow ing property, late tho estate of
if,,;..1... ii.li.- -.!..
situato iu Mahoning township, Columbia County,
containing 255 ACRES, or thereabouts, adjoining
lands of John Vastiuc, Samuel Moore, Jonathan
iunusctcJlcramllNancy dingles, whereon is erected
A FRAME HOUSE,
Jl IFaggon House, Spring. House, .
and other necessary buildings, among which is a
good Cider Press. About 100 acres aro cleared,
and on tho premises is a good Applo Orchard, etc.
Tho Salo will commence at 1 0 o'clock in tho fore
noon of said day, on the premises, when attendanea
will bo given, and terms made known by
Dr Tns CooriT,
JAMES DONALDSON, Clork.
Danville, December 16, 1837, 31 It
Cheaper than Ever!
' The Subscriber
Would beg leave to announce to the peo
ple of Bloomsburir and vicinity, that he has
just received a splendid assortment of sea
sonable , ,
Consisting of every variety of Cloths,
Cassimeres mid -Sallinetls Flannelt,
and Canton Flannels, of every colour;
lilack, Jlrown and Green Merinos, of
every shade amlqualily ; and in fact a
full assortment of JJrawer $ Common
Goods, among which are an extensive
Groceries & Liquors',
Chuia, Glass and Queens-JFare,
DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
Sperm. Refined and Common Lamp Oil,
Hardware, Castings, & Iron,
men's axd women's
BOOTS, SHOES & SLIPPERS,
together with every variety of merchandize
winch can meet the wants or please the
fancy all which he will dispose of at the
lowest prices. '
He returns his acknowledgments to cus
tomers for their very liberal support, and
with a firm determination lo please through
attention lo business, he solicits a continu
ance of their calls and custom.
OCr" All kinds of country produce will be taken
in exchango for goods.
C. B. FISHER.
Illoomsburg, Dec. 1C, 1837.
TAKE NOTICE, that I have applied
to. the Judges ol the vJourt ot Uominqn
l'icas of Columbia county, for tho benofit .
of tho Insolvent lawsof this Commonwealth,
and that they have rtppoinlod Monday the
15th day of January next for hearing me
and my creditors at the court house m Dan
ville, .when and where you may attend it
vou think proper.
lloom,.Dcc. 10, 1837.
SCP'rlic Wyoming Republican will in
sert three times and charge this office,
sending the papers containing the same.
THE INDEPENDENT TROOP
ARE hereby notified that a Court of Appeal, for
hearing Absentees nt the trainings in July,
September and Dccepiber last-, will be held at the
houic of Wm.Robison, in Illoomsburg, on Satur
day, the 30th day of December inst.nt 2 o'clock in
tho afternoon. M. McDOWELL, Captain.
.T. T. Mussulman, & Co.
OULD again announce to their customers,
and tho public, that they have jcst re
ceived another fresh supply of , r
embracing every variety of Dry Goods, Groceries!
Licjuors, Hardware, &c. which they intend to scl'
at the most reduced prices at Ihcir new and cheap
store iu Illoomsburg. They invito a call from
those who want choice articles at almost cost pri
ces. December 0, 1837.
.pi LOTUS, Cassimeres, and Sattlnetts, of every
colour and quality, Just received at our new"
and cheap btore, and now offered for salo ot City
J. T. Musselman, Co.
. Dec. 0, 1837.
ADIES' Gum Fur Top Slices, and superior
Men's do. of thebest quality, just received 5s
for sale at the new and cheap store of
. J. T. Musselman, $ Co.
Dec. 9, 1837.
MERINOS, Calicoes, Muslins, and Klsnnels
of all descriptions, and at remarkably low
prices, just received and for sale at the new and
cheap storo of
J. T. Jilusselman, Co.
Dec. 9, 1837.
WILL bejiaid, but no addition-'
al chare'es. for tho apprehen
sion and delivery of Irani Hunter, an Apprentice'
to the Tailoring business, who ulsautrtulated from'
my employment on Sunday -morning last. Said
boy is -about. 1C years of ogc, fnir complexion, dark
hair, and had on a dark brown new coat and pan
taloons. All persons are cautioned against harbor
ing or trusting said boy at their peril.
DIeomsburg, Dee. 8, 1837, 1
BLANKETS, of various sizes and qualities
and warranted o fresh article , for sale at th
now and cheap store- of
J. T. Musselman, tf Co.
FEW CORDS OF GOOD WOOD will It
taken in payment for subscrintions at tht Of.
lie of the Columbia Democrat,