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WEDNESDAY, OCT. 15, 1873.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Single Subscribers $2 per year.
Grange club* of ten or more $1.50.
Subscriptions payable invariably in advance.
All money should be sentry Draft or Post Office
Order to THE GRANGE ADVANCE, Red Wing, Minn.
Please send in your subscriptions at once.
LET OUR FRIENDS REMEMBER, that if they
expect another number of The Grange Ad
vance they must send in their subscriptions.
We can no more give away the paper than
the farmer can giveaway his wheat. Semi
in your subscription at once, and thus se
cure the paper on the very start.
THE GRANGE ADVANCE solicits correspon
dence from all parts of the State upon ag
ricultural topics and matters of interest to
the Granges. It proposes to be a medium
through which the Granges and the farmers
generally, may avail themselves of each
other's experience. Any man who expects
to succeed in this age must aid his own ex
perience by that of others engaged in the
same trade or calling. Two men will do
an equal amount of work, and one will reap
twice the benefits from his labor that the
other will, because lie has worked intelli
gently, and made every stroke count, while
the other has gone at it hap hazard. It is
not the amount that a man reads that counts,
but the amount that he reads on his own
business—that which he can make available
in his every day life.
A single hint or communication will
sometimes be found in THE GRANGE ADVANCE
that will be worth more than the subscriD
tion price for the whole year.
But, while we most earnestly request
communications from our friends, we desire
to caution our correspondents against writ
ing long, tedious articles, for we cannot
publish such. We propose to make a paper
of ideas, and not merely of words. Give
us ideas and we don't care what kind of
words you use.
WHERE THE DANGER LIES.
Agriculture has always been looked upon
in America with respect. In the early
days of the Republic the farmers and plant
ers wore among the chief men of the Na
tion. Never has the farmer come down to
the low level of the peasantry of Europe.
The reason of this has been, not only the
absence of land-lordism, the fact that the
American tiller owned his own soil, but it
has been because agriculture has had the
dignity of independence and profitableness.
The great danger now is that this profita
bleness of agriculture in the West is to be
Large grants of land, and large bounties
have been given to railways to them has
been loaned the public credit the right of
way has been granted them often with the
express promise upon the part of the
roads thai they 3hould be so operated as
to make better markets for grain in the
regions through which they should pass,
that they should open this western country
so that the tilling of its rich soil should be
profitable, and always with the implied
agreement that they should carry freights
for reasonable rates and thereby be a great
Relying on these promises and repre
sentations of the railways, men left eastern
homes, and homes beyond the ocean, and
came to the western wilds and with hardy
industry went to work expecting adequate
returns for their labor expecting and be
lieving that when they had conquered the
soil and made it yield its rich harvests,
they should through these railways find a
profitable market. But now that the
country is developed, and they and their
families settled in their homes, and their
farms begin to yield abundant harvests as
returns for their toil, what of the rail
ways Simply this, the men who operate
them being situated so that combination
was easy have combined, not. to better
carry out their promises, but to violate
them, and after quietly pocketing the
bounties and land grants, to extort from
the people what they have dug out of the
soil. If the railroads succeed, farming in
sections having no other outlets than rail
ways must become still more unprofitable,
and the wealth already accumulated be sap
ped from the farm. The farmer not being
able to make his income meet expenses mast
pinch closer and closer, must deny himself
the luxuries if not the necessities of life.
He must forego books and education for
his children, must make of himself a glare
to keep poverty from the door. His farm
must be let to run down for want of means
to make repairs and improvements, or to
keep up the soil, and this must go on until
the farmer is a serf and the rich grain fields,
like those of the later Roman Empire, most
beeome swamps and dunes and barren hill
sides. This is where the danger lies. Bat
the Patron has seen and felt the danger
and is struggling up from it. He sees that
to live he must have the cost of production
and a fair return for his toil. He feels too
that he is something more than a drudge,
that he has a mind as well as a body that
he has a soul alive to the beautiful in
art as well as nature that his ohildren
THE GRANGE ADVANCE.
hare wants and aspirations as high and
noble as those of men who fatten and roll
in wealth from merely sitting in fine offices
and directing to market the products of the
soil which he, with the help of kind nature,
by hard wearing toil has created. All
that the Patron demands is that the rail
road be compelled to carry out their part
of the agreement, and upon this demand he
The modest Shah-in-Shah, or King of
Kings, otherwise the high old cock-a-lorum
of the Persian Empire, seems to have im
bibed a little civilization during his late
European tour, for, when he arrived home,
a short time since, instead of celebrating
that event by slashing off three or four or
a half a dozen fellow's heads, he simply
made a speech. There is some hope that
thi3 King of Kings, or fool of fools, will
learn something yet. It is well that he did
not extend his tour to the United States,
for our shoddyites would have so toadied
to him that he would have concluded he
was infinitely above and beyond all learn
A man from one of the Western counties
says that up where he lives tbey can get
up the most, and the worst, and the big
gest haii storms, as well as the largest hail
stones, and that they can raise the most,
and the biggest, and the meanest, and theinterests,
worst, and the greediest and the most rav
enous grass hoppers of any place in the
known world. Won't Chicago please see
this man and go one better.
We see by the papers that they had quite
a snow storm down at East Georgia, Ver
mont, last month. If such is their Sep
tember, what do they expect from Decem
ber Hadn't these East Georgians better
emigrate and start a West Georgia We
invite them to come in out of the cold as
soon as possible. They may find it a little
too warm up here the first winter or two,
but they will soon get used to it.
We notice a great deal of commiseration
expressed for Jay Cooke & Co. through
the press of the country. This may be all
prompted by very generous impulses, but
wouldn't it be just as well if those who are
overflowing with pity would just bestow a
share of it upon the poor widows and or
phans who had intrusted the whole of their
little stock and store to these men, or oth
ers who are now bankrupt, and are there
by bereft of the whole of a husband's life
insurance, or a father's patrimony How
many a poor, hard working man has had
to go home and break to the partner of all
his toils and rewards, the sharer of all his
joys and griefs, the terrible news that the
whole of the savings of these many hard
years of labor and frugality had been swept
away as with a breath The sad reverses
of the great are paraded for our sympathy
every day, but who hears of the heart aches
that fill hundreds of humble homes
England wants one hundred million
bushels of wheat this year, and has the
cash to pay. This demand has not been
decreased by the failures of J. Cooke &
Co., neither is there less money now than
before the failure. Yet wheat went down
to ninety cents per bushel in Chicago,
and why Simply because one great firm
could not meet its obligations, and the
stock brokers, jobbers and wheat gamblers
lost faith in each other. Suppose instead
of selling to these men, who make their for
tunes by gambling with the hard earned
products of the farmer, and are so dishon
est as to fly into a panic upon the failure of
any related to them, for fear that they were
going to be robbed, the producer sells di
rectly to the consumer, and pockets the
GOD RULES.—As a nation we profess to
believe in a Divine Providence. We seized
upon this thought and stamped it upon our
coin In God is our Trust." Yet in busi
ness and politics men either forget God or
consider themselves out of his jurisdiction
until some fearful calamity comes like a
mighty thunder bolt, and then men begin to
recognise some other power than wealth,
credit or position. The people have just
commenced a struggle against a combina
tion of monopolies, and a centralization of
wealth that seemed hopeless, a sudden col
lapse comes like the caving in of the sides
of a mighty volcano, that sends stock job
bers and monopolists howling in terror, and
shows up the rottenness and internal weak
ness of the monster so much dreaded.
TRANSPORTATION.—As will be seen by
our columns the Transportation ommittee
has been in session at New York and Chi
cago. Several different plans and questions
have been discussed and the Committee have
called on the State Granges of Patrons to
know their views and demands. It is
hoped that the meetings of this committee
will result in something more than in
quiries, discussions and smoke. On this
one question of transportation, at least,
the eastern manufacturers and the western
farmers are united.. The West is the gran
ary of the nation, and the East cannot live
without bread. Every cent added to a
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bushel of wheat, for transportation, makes
the cost of flour so much higher to Eastern
consumers. In this, then, let the people of
the West and the East strike hands, and,
in their united strength throw off the des
potism of monopolies and railroad kings.
This is not to be done by rage or rant.
Rashness and bitterness accomplish but
little good in this world. Steady purposes,
with united and decided action, will move
the world. Venal politicians love money,
but they fear a united and awakened peo
ple—they dread the power behind the
throne. Then let the blows fall, but let
them be well directed and let nothing be
lost by idle clamor. Let the West and the
East unite in the demand for cheaper
routes of transportation, and the enforce
ment of just laws regulating freights on
routes already existing, and then stand
firmly by the demands.
Count de Chambourd says his object is
the union and the restoration of the glory,
greatness and prosperity of France. That
is what he wants to be king for. We have
whole families just like him on this side of
An exchange says, the panic has im
proved Chicago politics. There was room
for improvements. Honest men are forget
ting their little jealousies, and learning
that if they do not look out for their own
somebody else will—for both
principal and interest. It is a good lesson
to learn and Minnesota farmers might study
a little in the same direction to advantage.
France is trying to settle whether to be
a republic or a monarchy. The question
seems to be a little mixed, with the proba
bilities on the side of monarchy. Over
there it is the divine, vested, hereditary
right of the king against the people over
here, it is the vested, granted, chartered
rights of monopolies. One stands exactly
on the same principle as the other.
By the failure of the 1st National Bank
of Washington, Ex-President Johnson
looses $60,000, his whole fortune. Blessed
Ottawa, Canada, has enjoyed a little
shaking up recently, by the way of a little
earthquake. One old lady was heard to
exclaim, 0 la, the Fenians! O my china
The government weighed the six Modocs
October 3d, and found them wanting of
breath. To save time they were all swung
off on one beam at the same time, and the
authorities took a little pains to have a
number of the friends and relatives of Lo
the Poor Indian present to see that the
thing was all done fair.
Boring is to be made a crime in the new
constitution of Pennsylvania. The crime
is that of button-holing, or soliciting mem
bers of the assembly and other public offi
cers. The criminal is to be called a com
mon borer, and is to be fined and imprison
ed. It would not do to make that law ret
rospective in some of our States jailors
would be in too great demand.
The last meeting of the Goodhue County
Council of the Patrons of Husbandry was
held in the Bruce School House in Goodhue
July 18th. The meeting was presided over
by Mr. Fountain the President, Bro. San
ders acting as Gate Keeper, and Bro. Lans
and Gaylord Assistant Stewards and Wm.
Featherstone, H. Bruce and B. G. Kinney
as Committee on Credentials.
A committee, consisting of Bros. Simmons
Armstrong, H. Bruce, B. G. Kinney, and
L. Jones, were appointed on resolu
tions. Bros. H. Bruce, Grow and Feather
stone were appointed as committee on ques
tions for discussion at next meeting. Bros.
Grow, Bruce, and Kinney were appointed
as committee to revise By-Laws and report
a Constitution at the next meeting. The
questions of Transportation, Agricultural
Machinery, and Insurance were discussed.
Bros. Featherstone, Bruce and Grow were
appointed as committee on the Insuranoe
question. It was voted that when the
Council adjourn it adjourn to meet in
Burnside on the third Friday in October at
ten o'clock A. M. The ladies of Floral
Grange provided a supper in the school
house, which satisfied the members present
that they knew how to do scuh things in
good style. _.
D. H. TOWLE, Secretary.
LAKE CITY, Oct. 7th. 1873.
Editor of the Grange Advance:
DEAR SIB A special meeting of the
Council of the Patrons of Husbandry of
Wabasha County was held the third in
stant, to take into consideration political
action this fall.
A majority of the Granges represented
were in favor of such action and a County
committee appointed to take the matter in
Quite a number of the Patrons regarded
it as a direct violation of that part of the
constitution relating to political and reli
gious belief and opposed the movement on
that ground. Those in favor of such ac
tion contended that the Council was inde
pendent and had jurisdiction over its own
notion thus it was not subordinate to the
.national or State Granges.
THE NEXT MEETING of the Goodhue Coun
ty Council P. of H. will be held at the
school house in Burnside on Friday the
17th instant at 10 o'clock A. M. The ques
tions for discussion are Transportation,
Insurance and Agricultural Machinery,
and such other new questions as may be
presented by the committee. Officers. W.
A. Fountain, President I. C. Stearns, Vice
President D. H. Towle, Secretary and Busi
WINONA, Oct. 9th, 1873.
The Winons County Council P. of H. will
meet at the Hall of the Gate City Grange,
in Winona city, on Friday, October 31st,
at 10' o'clock, A. M.
Well, I went down to Red Wing the
night afore, and put up at the National, so
as to be ready for the morning train. Par
ker said he'd get me out in time for the
train, but I thought it wouldn't hurt him
any and would be just as safe for me if I
didn't depend altogether on him. I woke
up several times during the night and
didn't go to sleep after two o'clock. I got
up at three and went down to the depot.
There was an awful rush on the cars and
a great many had to stand, but howsom
ever I got a seat. I noticed a young fellow
who sat opposite of me, that allowed he
was about as smart as they git em up now
a-days. He kept a saying to the folks that
were crowding along between the benches,
looking as if they'd lost something—and I
guess most of 'em had lost a seat—" Plenty
of room in the next car, gentlemen, just
pass on." If this young fellow's smartness
happens to strike in it'll kill him, sure.
Along about daylight I took out a lunch
that mother put up for me—mother is a
great hand to think of these little things—
and it came in good. At Hastings there
was another terrible rush, and where they
stowed em all away I don't know. We got
to St. Paul about six o'clock. I don't
know how it is, but I do think St. Paul is
the lonesomest place I ever got into. I
strolled around for about an hour and I'm
sure it tired me more than a day's plowing
would at home. I think it's partly in the
stone and board pavements.
Somehow or other I don't get along
with this pen very well. It looks small
but it feels bigger and clumsier than a hoe.
I would positively rather hoe a five acre
patch of corn than write another aryple.
Well, a little after seven, I got into a
bus and went up to the fair ground.
There wasn't a great many on the ground
at that early hour, and it gave me a good
chance to see what was on exhibition.
The specimens on exhibition in the
agricultural department made my heart
fairly rejoice to look at. The name of the
man who raised the article, his residence,
the number of pounds to the bushel, and
the number of bushels to the acre were
given on each specimen. I will give you a
few specimens in this order, just as I jotted
C. Cole, Howard Lake, winter wheat,
62£ lbs—42 bushels. Albert Copeland,
Maple Prairie, Rio Grande, 61 lbs—4.1
bushels. John Walsfelt, Long Lake, Fife
wheat, 60 lbs—30 bushels. W. H. Graham,
Boone Lake, brook wheat, 59fts—30 bush
els. Patrick Connery, Waverly Mills, 62
lbs—40 bushels. A. J. Smoots, Irving,
Fife wheat, 61 lbs—21 bushels. George
Whitcomb, Alexandria, white Treadwell
winter wheat, 651bs—40 bushels, harvested
August 1st. David Wellman, Hobart, 60
lbs—32 bushels, harvested August 15th
Isaac Lloyd, Ringston, Fife wheat, 60 lbs—
27 bushels, without cleaning. John Law.
ler, Kandiyohi, Spring wheat, seed from
Ireland last year, 62£ lbs—40 bushels.
There was a bunch of this wheat having
100 stalks. Ole Peterson, Gilchrist, Odes
sa, 64 lbs—25 bushels. N. Lunsford,
Dassal, winter wheat, 62J lbs—35 bushels.
H. W. Pallis, Clear Lake, Scotch Fife, 64
lbs—32 bushels, 30 acres raised.
L. M. Brooks, Howard Lake, white rye,
57.} lbs—30 bushels. Olof Cederburg,
Herman, Grant county, Swedish rye, seed
brought by immigrants in 1870, yield last
year, 56 lbs—42 bushels. Same raised by
Pere Erlandson this year, 57 lbs—36 bush
F. Weldning, Howard Lake, white oats,
36 lbs—86 bushels. T. C. Jewett, Litch
field, mixed oats, 40 lbs—80 bushels.
Hans Christopherson, Atwater, 31 lbs—
39 bushels. John McKinney, Dassal, Nor
way oats, 41f lbs—83 bushels.
Lars Christensen, Benson, barley, 50 lbs
—60 bushels. James Taylor, Dassal, bar
ley, 77£ bushels.
L. C. Jewett, Litchfield, flax seed, 56}
lbs—33 38-56 bushels. A. S. Lyie, Wil
mar, 56 lbs—12 bushels.
James Corrington, of Dassal, showed corn
that went 90 bushels to the acre, and some
ears S\ inches around. George Hindman,
of Wilmar, had some potatoes there that
went 300 bushels to the acre. I saw,some
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red beets that weighed 20 lbs apiece. Mr.
Yorkley, of Maple Plain, showed a French
mammoth squash that weighed 112 lbs.
And Mr. Martin Ecra of Minneapolis, a
Turbin squash, that went 140 lb. A little
girl six years old, called Carrie Fales, of
Anoka, showed 25 varieties of flowers,
raised by herself, unaided, in Mr. Ford's
greenhouse. Hurrah for Carrie! Them's
the kind of girls we want.
I saw specimens of cheese from the Ber
lin factory, Steele county, Rochester,
Olmsted county, Owatonna, Steele county,
and from Kalmar, Iowa. I must say that
E. N. WEST, Secy.
Mr. Editor oj the Grange Advance
I never was more surprised in my life
than when you asked me to write an ac
count of my trip to the State Fair for your
paper. I never should a thought of doing
such a thing myself, but since you spoke
to me I have fooled away considerable
time trying to get it into shape.
looked splendid. There was also
rolls and jars of butter that looked very
fine, but there was some patent butter
there made out of beef fat or tallow, I be
lieve. Did I taste any of it Not much,
and if I had I doubt whether this article
had ever been got up. I ought to have
stated before that Mr. W. S. Hursh raised
41 pounds from two Early Rose potatoes.
A great many varieties of apples were
exhibited and they certainly did look
handsome. I am satisfied that Minnesota
can raise apples, notwithstanding the ter
rible killing out of last winter. I find
such men as P. A. Jewell of Lake City are
confident of success.
I did intend to speak of the stock and
the agricultural machinery, but Mr. Editor
I'm getting sick of this thing. It is the
biggest job I have ever undertaken. I'd
rather swing a scythe a day than this pen
an hour. But there is one thing I want to
say, and that is, I never s\elt the smell of
of whiskey on or about the krounds.
I took the evening train home, all tired
out, but very glad I went up. The cars
were crowded about tn*e~same as in the
morning, but then I suppose the railroad
company was losing money all day and
they'll probably have to tuck another cent
a bushel on to wheat to make it up.
Now, Mr. Editor, as to your request that
I should answer questions from farmers
through THE GRANGE ADVANCE, I must beg
off. I am really not capable of doing it,
and I know that you can find abetter man.
I will sign myself
figr-N. P. Peterson has a splendid
new stock of watches, clocks, jewelery, &c,
as will be seen by reading his advertise
See advertisement of Branch
office Weed Sewing Machine Company, 30.
West Third street, St. Paul. This machine
took the premium at the Vienna Exposition.
The Monitor Plow factory of
Minneapolis advertise in THE GRANGE AD
VANCE, and other home manufacturers will
find it for their interest to follow the ex
Mrs. Charles has returned from
Chicago and New York with a large and
elegant stock of Fall and Winter Millinery,
and invites the ladies to call at her store
in Red Wing and examine.
It is with pleasure that we call
the attention of our readers to the adver
tisement in our columns of Ellsworth &
Knapp of Lake City, Minnesota, dealers hi
dry goods and groceries. This is a relia
ble firm, who have been on the tide of Pat
rons in their efforts for reform from the
On looking thrqfcgfi the various
stocks of goods kept in Red Wing we find
an endless variety, and safely say, that the
stocks and stores .oXJiad. Wing, are net
second to any in this or any other State.
In visiting the various institutions we are
greatly eurprised to find such an endless
.variety in any one store as we find at
A. J. CLARK'S new store corner of Bush
and Third streets. It would seem almost
impossible to call for anything in the Drug,
Grocery, or Fancy Goods line and be dis
appointed in not getting it. We also found
Dr. G. W. Bothwell in charge of the Medi
cal department, with everything on hand
to attend to the wants of such as are in need
of medicines. We can safely say there is no
more complete store in the State than this.
It will pay you to go and examine goods
are sold very reasonable.
jy W. INGERSOLL & CO.,
Conrer Third and Wabasha flts.,
It is our aim to offer a Stock of DRY O00D3 second
to none in the State.
DRESS GOODS, SILK,
WOOLEN AND DOMESTIC
Will be found of special interest.
OUR ORDER DEPARTMENT,
Under the charge of Mr. FIELD, will be conducted
with Special Regard to Promptness, and all Goods For
warded Guaranteed as Represented. Samples sent
by mail, or informlfWinw to
STYLES AND PRICES
Given upon application.
Prices of all
At Retail will not vary materially from Wholesale
B. W INCHEBSOUi «V CO.