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An Old Farmer on the Situation.
In response to a request made by us to
an old farmer to give us some thoughts on
Orange questions, we have the following
in substance to which we give as most ap
propriate the above heading. We hope
that every farmer and especially every
Patron will give these thoughts a careful
RESOLUTIONS OF FAEMERS' CONVENTIONS.
The Northwestern Farmers' Convention
by resolution ask Congress to pass laws reg
ulating passenger and freight rates, regu
lating traffic between States and the State
Legislatures a law regulating it within
the States, and against any further subsi
dies to private corporations of any kind.
The Convention also demands that all im
provment in the way of railroads and wa
ter communication, between the seaboard
and the interior, be done under the control
and at the expense of the General Govern
ment, with the view of affording cheap
transportation to the people.
The resolutions below embody the right
spirit, and should be regularly read at
least once a week, and all the time adopted
as a course of action, which if persevered in
will render Legislation and Congressional
Resolved, That debt should be held as
one of our greatest enemies that it de
prives us of our manliness, and in a measure
makes us slaves that to live within our
own means, however small, to pay as we
go will contribute to our success. Recog
nizing the fact that the people are in earn
est, we would urge them to free themselves
of this curse, so that if a final struggle
must come between the people and monop
oly, our houses may be in order, aid we
be the^better able to withstand it."
Resolved, That no one industry can be
protected by legislation except at the ex
pense of all other industries, and that we
are opposed to all special legislation."
This Convention had representatives
from all portions of the country, and the
foregoing resolutions answer some of the
objections retailed on the streets, by un
thinking or interested individuals who
wish to bring the efforts of a worthy class
of the community into disfavor.
SOME MEN THAT TALK.
There are many who ridicule and oppose
the so-called Farmers' Movement and
the establishment of Granges in further
ance of the interests, not only of farmers,
but all others outside the combination of
corporations, whose rapacity and selfish
ness have given cause for this manifestation
among those whose welfare depends upon
the prosperity of our agricultural interests.
We hear many sneering remarks directed
at the farmers and granges by some people
whose families would suffer by the failure
of our harvests to the extent of half a crop,
and that crop bring a reasonable price—
who would be out of employment half the
the time at least, with an abundant har
vest and the price of cereals but little be
low what it is now. They do not think
not unusual for many people that the
prosperity of our State, in the ramification
of cities, towns and country, depends upon
the pecuniary well-being of our great ag
The varied objections to the organizations
are tinted with colorings of the luminary
from whom the observer obtains his rays
of light. One has it that the
GRANGERS W«N'T PAY DEBTS
until he gets a dollar a bushel for his
wheat, and affirms stoutly that they have
passed a resolution to that effect this
astute individual is the humble assistant
of some money lender, whose per cent, per
month investments ranged largely over le
gal interest, and slight losses from his cal
culations were incurred.
ABOUT SELLING WHEAT.
Another claims that the organization is
all wrong, because the poor farmer won't
take just now the ruling price for wheat,
affirming, which is true, that the price in
Milwaukee and Chicago, and the rate of
transportation don't even justify the buyer
in giving .what he does—this man is the
buyer or his paid assistant the latter
generally appears to be the most aggrieved
•thereby showing his extreme absorption
in his employer's interest.
These latter cannot ship now but at a
loss, yet why buy ?—they will holdon,
relying on their judgment for a better
price—they do not do business to lose
money. Why blame the farmer for doing
a little speculation in what cost them many
days of hard toil to produce
AFRAID THE GRANGE IS POLITICAL.
Some are fearfully anxious about the
organization, asserting that it is a political
movement, and will interfere with the
status of present organizations of that na
ture. Are these party fossils entailed up
on us by constitutional provisions that
they are too sacred to be interfered with
by that portion of the community repre
senting two-thirds the votes of the nation
Have our Legislators, including all parties,
shown by their action in legislative capaci
ty their fitness for the position, or that
honesty and earnestness in the service of
their constituents, as should satisfy an
honest man, be his occupation what it may,
that no necessity exists for another politic
al organization, or that under the old re-farmer
gime, party sanction ensures good men,
honest men, men who will not vote the
people's money into their own pookets?
The redress of grievances involves political
action—the agent employed (the Legisla
tor) may be a farmer, a lawyer, a laborer,
mechanic or any other man, but he should
be a man, an honest man thieves and
mere political trimmers, will only re-enact
the few last years' programme. When
your votes are necessary to secure a great
public good, vote for no man on account of
party antecedents, but for his character for
honesty, and ability—let him be in or out
of the Grange, which all grangers know is
immaterial and has nothing to do with the
organization, however much it has influ
enced the summing up of majorities in
some cases in the late political contest.
ABOUT PAYING DEBTS.
But farmers remember, every non-pay
ment of a note, every violation of a promise
in the agriculturist, is paraded as a crime,
and is adduced as conclusive evidence of
their unworthiness as a class, of their un
fitness to take a prominent part in business
or political interests, or to legislate for
the public weal. A merchant may fail to
meet his papers, and be carried by his
creditors, if the latter is satisfied of his
prospective solvency the merchant is
deemed an honest man. Does this mer
chant do to others as he would have oth
ers do unto him "—and does one dishonest
merchant brand the whole class as dis
honest We have no objection to any man,
or class of men, getting their just dues,
considered in the standard of money or
morals, but we do object to the one-sided
way of putting it. by those objecting so
wordily to the institution of the Granges in
OWE NO MAN ANYTHING."
The resolutions quoted, if acted upon,
and persevered in will prove a panacea for
many of the farmers' grievances. Get out
of debt, and keep out. When a debt is in
curred, pay on time—if misfortune prevents
do all in your power to satisfy your cred
itor that you will pay in the future—then
profit by the experience. Always mind
that credit anywhere means from 8 to 20
per cent, on the cash price of the article
BE NOBODY'S SLAVE.
When you are out of debt, sell your pro
duce at a fair price, or if you wish to spec
ulate on your judgment, hold it until you
are ready to sell—it is your own and
those who don't like your action in the
matter, can help themselves if they know
how. You are in a condition to be no
ANOTHER PLANK—MOBAL REFORM.
Your social standing in the world will be
the result of your intelligence and moral
qualities, but it is important that your ap
preciation of others should be dictated by
correct knowledge of men and manly vir
tues. We all bow down and worship gold
too much—it covers a multitude of sins.
Let the fight for the amelioration of pecuni
ary ills contain one more plank in the
platform—the plank of moral reform.
Why should not a good man, an intelligent
man, have a position in the community in
which he lives at least equal to the law
yer, the merchant, the doctor, or the lend
er of money on contract prices Were all
farmers and operatives true, cultivated
men, they would act in a manner which
would soon cause universal acknowledge
ment of the principle, and men would be
known by their merits dishonest men
would die out, or seek their proper loca
tions in the institutions provided by law
for those who need the watchful care of
public officers provided by the State.
ALL IN A NUTSHELL.
Farmers, the fight is not a fitful one.
Time will only solve it. Steadiness, good
sense and eternal vigilance must be at the
helm. First, educate yourselves and your
children—be economical, charitable and
honest, down to your very shoe leather
be as tenacions of your rights as you should
be of your own honor, and respect and pro
tect the rights of others discountenance
iniquity and wrong doing wherever found,
be it in a railroad steal, in a contract job,
or in a cross-road-horse trade. In short,
be intelligent, honest, generous, a man
after the design of God.
Mr. E. W. Dike is elected State Treasur
er of Minnesota, and Auditor Whitcomb is
not happy. He says the Granges did it.
We heard him say so. We dislike to take
issue with this great man, but we must say
the Granges no more elected Mr. Dike than
the Masons did. No doubt a great many
Grangers voted for him, but they did so
simply because his monthly statements for
the last seven months have been a little
more satisfactory than anything they have
ever been accustomed to from that office,
and not because he was the candidate of
this or that party. No Grange ever took
any action upon this or any other political
THE GRANGE ADVANCE.—This new paper,
published at Red wing in the interest of
the order of Patrons of Husbandry and the
laboring classes, is welcome among our ex
changes. It is an eight-page five column
paper and is well filled with original and
selected matter of vital importance to the
and the mechanic. It is determined
to favor the cause of the tolling millions
asainst oppression and monopoly." The
Orange Advance", has our sympathies and
our best wishes.—Sibley Co. Independent.
ITEMS FOR PATRONS.
OFFICERS OF THE STATE GRANGE
OF MINNESOTA P. OF H.
Master, George I. Parsons, Winona.
Lecturer, John A. Jackson, Lake City
Overseer, George C. Chamberlain, Northfield
Steward, A. J. Murphy, Lake Crystal
Asst. Steward, Win. E. Lee.Bice Lake, Douglas Co.
Chaplain, I. C. Stearns, Zumbrota.
Treasurer, Lorenzo Hoyt, Saint Paul
Gate Keeper, J. T. Price, Eyota.
Ceres Sister Sophia Parsons.
ll0T* C.P Chamberlain.
Lady Steward Mary E. Lee.
The following named persons have been appointed
Deputies to organize granges under article 13 of the
S a a
Fa'ribauit county, S. V. Wilkbow, Winnebago City.
Waseca, Hon. P. Woodruff, Blooming Grove
Nicollet, J. H. Dunham, Nicollet.
Olmsted, M. C. Fuller, Rochester.
Fillmore, 0. E. Rundell, Fairview Gr
LeSueur, A. B. Swayne, Elysian.
Cottonwood, J. W. Benjamin, Windom
Dodge, Wm. E. Lee, Rice Lake.
Mower, F. A. Elder, Spring Valley.
Martin, John F. Daniels, Fairmount
Dakota, D. F. Akin, Farmington.
Steele, E. H. C. Dartt, Owatonna.
Lyon, H. R. Marcyes, Lynd.
Brown, R.B.Simmons, Golden Gate
Freeborn, A. K. Vanderwarker, Moscow
Kandiyohi, Burroughs Abbott, Kandiyohi
Yellow Medicine,Gorham Powers, Yellow Medicine.
Ramsey, S. C. Goodrich, St. Paul.
Wabasha, John H. Jackson, Lake City
Rice, George C. Chamberlin, Northfield
Blue Earth, A. J. Murphy, Lake Crystal
Goodhue, I. C. Stearns, Zumbrota
Olmsted, J. T. Price, Eyota.
Nobles, J. H. Cunningham, Hersev
Todd, J. O. Milne, Sauk Centre.
Rock, McCollum, Lucerne.
Wright, William Slaight, Delano.
State Purchasing Agent—J. S. Dentnan, Winona.
OFFICERS OF THE WISCONSIN STATE
Master, J. Cochrane, Wanpun.
Overseer, J. H. Hubbard, Oxford.
Leoturer, S. W. King,
Steward, C. W. Foster, Metomen.
Asst. Steward, A.J. Sexton, Kilbourne City
Chaplain, E. F. Dunham, Clemansville
Treasurer, J. Cory, Footville.
Secretary, James Brainard, Oshkosh.
Gate-keeper, E. Abbott, Almond.
Sister B. F. Foster.
f,0/a" Flora Crane.
Lady Steward L. M. Hungerford.
J.H.Osborn Z~ZZ?„ Oshkosh
O. D. Hinckley R?non
H. C. Sherwin. iiaow
A. W McLaughlin Z.'.pVainnX.
Purchasing Agent—J. H. Osborn, Oshkosh.
**f ^"iS*?!!? No. 52. meets the sec
ond and fourth Fridays of each month.
THOMAS FEATHERSTONE, Master.
0 1 1
6*. meets thefirstand
third Saturdays of each month. All visiting Patrons
are cordially invited. EDWIN E. GA YLORD, Sec
168, P. of H., meets
Wednesday evening of each week, in Odd Fellows
"U1- J- W. WINN, W. M.
WILSON KIKXET, Secretary.
ttranffe, Wo. 164, of Pierce county, Wis., is the
Tuesday evening nearest the full moon.
J. H. CROSBY.
Red Wing Grange, No. 358, meets at its hall on the
second and third Fridays of each month, at 7\i. o'clock
Visiting Patrons cordially invited.
J. F. PINGREY, Master.
Advance Grange, No. 60, Lake City, meets at its
hall the second and fourth Saturdays of each month
at 1 clock, P. M.
Visiting Patrons cordially invited.
Monthly Council meets the second Friday of everv
JOEL CLARKE, Master.
—The Trenton Grange, P. of H., are to
have a Thanksgiving dinner.
—Let all the granges of the State re
member the meeting of the State Grange
at Faribault, on the 17th of December.
—Diamond Bluff Grange, P. of H., have
a picnic supper on the evening of the
day of December, the birthday of the Order
of Patrons, in commemoration of that
—The Grange of Patrons of Husbandry
in this place, Ellsworth, is increasing in
numbers and we learn that many talk of
uniting with the Order here soon. Pierce
—The time for holding the annual ses
sion of the State Grange of Patrons of Hus
bandry of Iowa has been changed to Dec. 9.
The meetings will be held in the Stite
—C. H. Mero, of Diamond Bluff, gave us
a call on Wednesday last. He reports the
farmers down that way wide awake to their
interests. A Grange of the Patrons of
Husbandry has been instituted at Diamond
Bluff, with C. H. Grant as Master.
—Mr. 0. E. Fanning, of Gait, 111., Secre.
tary of the Illinois State Grange, has issued
a circular to the masters of subordinate
Granges, calling the annual meeting of the
State Grange to be held at the Durley Hall
Bloomington. 111., at 10 o'clock A. M., on
Tuesday, December 9th, 1873.
—In New York, a society modeled after
the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, has
been instituted under the name of the
Order of Patrons of Industry." It is
composed of mechanics and artizans gener
ally. If the new Order gain headway as
rapidly as its prototype, there are bad
times for monopolists in the immediate
future. The two Orders, whose interests
will be identical, will become a vast power.
—The Goodhue County Council, P. of H.,
meets on the third Friday, which is the
loth day of December. Let every grange
in the county be fully represented. Every
grange is entitled to send three delegates
besides the Master. The Master of each
grange is a member of the council. Let
the committees get together at once, and do
all preparatory work necessary for the
complete success of the council. We hope
to be able to announce the programme in
our next issue.
—Every county in North Missouri oon.
tains at least one regularly authorized
Orange, and many of them a score or more.
There are only twenty counties on
south side of the Missouri river that re
main to be canvassed, and these will ahort
ly be visited by Mr. Allen, the Grand
Master. It is expected that, before the
next meeting of the State Grange, which
occurs in February, every county in the
State will have the right of representation
and that there will be* 1,500 Granges in
Missouri, with a membership of about
—The Livingston Co., 111., Grange organi
zation has just held its third quarterly
meeting, at which were passed resolutions
re systematic purchasing
system that they would appoint a county
purchasing agent who should have control
of a warehouse where samples of agricultu
ral implements can be found on exhibition
soliciting the co-operation of mechanics in
the contest against monopolies approving
the resolution of the Northwestern Farm
ers' Convention recommending the holding
of pork till a remunerative price could be
obtained by the producer and that ar
rangements be made by which a course of
lectures can be delivered to their Granges
this Winter upon popular scientific subjects.
We have been rather ashamed of our
heading ever since we commenced publish
ing our paper. We therefore take pleasure
in announcing to our readers that we have
completed arrangements for engraving a
new and beautiful head. It will take about
two weeks to have it properly engraved
and electrotyped, and then we shall offer
our friends a paper that will do their
hearts good to look at as well as to read.
Now, will our friends encourage and assist
us in this work, by rolling up our subscrip
tion list at once.
RED WING AND VICINITY.
—Fine week this for locals, but vastly
better for clouds and storms, for thaw and
Prof. Raymond is just the man to make
such a convention what it ought to be in
—We call attention to the advertisement
of Drs. Sweney & Shirley, appearing among
our new advertisements.
—There are a few shares of Stock yet
unsold in the Red Wing Mills. Who will
be the lucky man to get them. Speak
quick or they will be gone.
—A lively runaway, on Thursday last.
Slocum's team did it. Stage horses ought
to know better. As a general rule, they
do know better, for these horses are not
given to running much, if our experience is
correct. Damage small.
—The Dakota County Musical Associa
tion holds a convention at Hastings, Dec.
16th, 17th and 18th under charge of Prof.
Stiles Raymond, of Red Wing. This
means a feast and a good time for all lovers
of music who can attend.
—We call attention to the new advertise
ment of Nelson & Peterson in our advertis
ing columns. This is a new firm of young
men, active and desening of patronage.
If you do not believe it, call and see. You
will find them on Bush St., 3d door from
St., in Hoffman's new block.
—The Red Wing Flouring Mill is being
hurried to completion. Fifty men, in
cluding mechanics, mill-wrights, stone
dressers, masons and machinists, are con
stantly employed. It does one's soul good
to go through the building and see them
busily at work putting the machinery in
place. If you do not believe it go and see.
—We had the pleasure of visiting, on
last Saturday evening the Diamond Bluff
Grange P. of n. They have been organ
ized but a short time and have a member
ship of between fifty and sixty. The
Grange seems to be in good active working
order. We were much pleased with the
appearance of the members. C. H. Grant
—Tickets admmitting to the Thanksgiv
ing dinner of the Hay Creek Grange, are to
be sold at fifty cents. Patrons are especial
ly urged to be present at the Oration and
other exercises at one o'clock p. M. and at
the dinner at three. Patrons are also
urged to bring, every man, a friend.
There is nothing more appropriate than
for the Patrons to keep this feast of the
seasons with thankful hearts to the Great
All Father for a bountiful harvest.
—The farmers on the Wisconsin side are
talking over the plan of a wood yard, to
which they will take their wood, instead
of freezing themselves and their teams
standing around on the streets to peddle
out. Ail wood not sold and delivered under
contract, is to be taken to the yard and the
buyers are to pay fifty cents a cord for re
handling. This will certainly be a mercy
to the horses, if it does not prove a good
thing for wood merchants.
The Boot and Shoe Pac Business.
Few people are aware of the extensive
branches of manufactory that are building
up in our State. In a former number we
wrote up the oil works at Mankato, and
propose, from time to time, inform to our
readers of the different manufactories of
this State and Wisconsin. It was with a
view of carrying out this plan that we re.
oently called on the firms of Foot & Sterling
and 0. B. Dodge, who are largely engaged
the boot and shoe business and in the
manufacture of boot and shoe pace in thia
city, and we must confess^ that we were
somewhat surprised at tie extent ef the
business that is carried oa by them.
Messrs. Foot & Sterling,, the older of the
two firms, have added about twenty-five
per cent, to the caps city ef thew building
during the past seas on by enlarging, under
the sidewalks and fitting up their basement
adding, virtually, for their business* one
story to their building and making it equal
to tour stories. The new. arrangement»
also more convenient, enabling them to
drop tbe new hide thaough the sidewalk
where they are salted and.corded up into
piles from four to six feet in, height. They
have also put iu, the present season,, anew
furnace for warming thmr building. This
firm manufactured four hundred, dozen boofc
and shoe pacs during tbe month of October,
and one hundred and. twenty-five dozen
during the past week, and, expect to reach
the round number of thirty-five hundred
dozen for the present season's- work., thia
being the largest amoant of: this- alass- of
goods ever manufactured-, by onefirm.ia= the
West in one season.
In connection with thorr busineas the
firm also own and ogera&e- a- tannery, at
which they tan ten thousand" bides a year,,
tanning only the heavier, hides weighing
fifty-five pounds or upwards they, how
ever, buy all sizes, and: select such.as they
can use in their baainess^ and. ship, the
They have bought, during- the- past sea
son, largely at St. Paul*and*other points ia
At the commencement of. tsade thia fall*,
this firm had on hand, twenty-five thousand
dollars worth of pacaj by. the first of Decem
ber their stock will.be ©leaned out. TJheir
business in this one branch alone amounts
to about seventy-ne thousand dollars a
year. They have made arrangements, to
greatly increase the-amount of aaanufiacture
the coming season,, expecting to. manufac
ture four thousand dozen, at feast and if
times improve five- thousand dozen. The
firm also manufacture anddeal inv at whole
sale and retail, boots*, shossv harness, and
saddles. They have employed during the
season fifty hands* in: their various branch
es of manufacture,, the pania as yet not
having stopped them, a day.
We will speak of thefirm,of B. Dodge,
who are also doing, a larga buaineesy in our
Mrs. Charles- ha* returned fro»
Chicago and Ne-w York with a large and
elegant stock st Fall and Winter Millinery,
and invites the ladies, to
in Red Wing and examine.
J.. E.verso» ©f this city has
opened a New MiUinery and Fancy Goods
Store. In order to build up a lively trade
he proposes to, sell goods as low as can
possibly be afforded. Call and examine
before purchasing elsewhere.
In our advertising columns will
be found the card of E. N. West, Patent So
licitor and model maker, of Winona, Minn
Mr. West is not what is generally known to
the people as a patent agent who has Pat
ent Rights for sale his business is raakinp
models of new inventions for inventors and
securing their claims in Washington. He
is Secretary of the Winona Co. Council
of H., and Secretary also of the Patrons
Co-operate Co. of Winona, which speaks
well for his standing and qualifications
It is a matter of interest to our
readers to know the best place to purchase
their goods, and there is no place where
they can buy their Dry Goods, either at re
tail by the Patrons or at wholesale by the
Granges, than the large wholesale and re
tail Dry Goods House of H. Choate, Winona
Minn. It is one of the largest stocks in the
State, and has become justly popular by
keeping the best quantity and largest as
sortment of goods and always selling at the
lowest prices. Granges are sold as low as
they can buy in any Eastern Market
3®*. THE ELIXIR OF LIFE is the
name of one of the best cough remedies in
use for coughs, colds, croup, whoopine
cough and all diseasess of the lungs Sat
isfaction is guaranteea or money will be
refunded on return of the empty bottle.
Ask your druggist for it and if he has
none ask him to order some at once. It
has never failed to give satisfaction. This
medicine is put up and sold at wholesale
and retail by Thos. E. Tubbs, River Falls,
Wisconsin, to whom all orders should be
Messrs. Raymond & Wright of
this city have just received a patent for an
invention for coupling Poles or Thills to a
Buggy or Cutter. This coupling is self
adjusting, and does away with tbe necessity
of using a wrench, bolts or burs, and can be
changed from Pole to Thills and vica veree
in one minute without greasing fingers or
causing persons to think protane language
It also saves room as the Pole or Thills
can easily be detached and set aside when
not in use. AH interested are invited to
call at their Livery Office and examine it.
On looking through the various
stocks of goods kept in Red Wing we find
an endless variety, and safely say, that the
stocks and stores of Red Wing, are net
second to any in this or any other State.
in visiting the various institutions we are
greatly surprised tofindsuch an endless
1 1 7 8
AI "mu. S new store corner of Busk
and Third streets. It would seem almost
impossible to call for anything in the Drug.
Fancy Goods line and be dis-
appointed in not getting it. We also found
of the Medi
cal department, with everything on hand
to attend tothe wants of such as are in need!
of medicines. Weoan safely say there is no
more complete store in the State than this.
will pay you to go and examine goods,
are aold r»rj reasonable.