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First Winter South.
Ed. Grange Advance:—The sun
ny south has not been quite so sun
ny the present winter. We have
been accused of bringing JVIiunesota
winter with us. New Year's day was
greeted with fifteen inches of snow
and on the morning of the third our
old thermometer felt at home for
once in being allowed to drop eight
below zero. Next day morning it
was four above and the following
six above. We had good sleighing
for a week, wonder of wonders for
this country. But could your read
ers have seen the sleighs gotten up
for the occasion Yes, they were
all gotten up for such a thing as a
genuine article is not to be found in
all this section.
All the dry good boxes or any
other llarge boxes were converted
into sleigh boxes, some had plank
runners, some the rim to a wagon
wheel bent out, some gass pipes or
ilat iron or round iron according to
taste and convenience. From two
to five dollars fitted up the best rigs,
all except the bells.
Now, one from the north would
have heard the merry sleighs with
the bells, if they had been in Chat
tanooga that week, but they were
not silver bells, but dinner bells, door
bells, cow bells and every kind cf
bells except sleigh bells.
Sleigh rides were the order of
both day and ni^ht. In one day's
time the superintendent of our S. S.
had four sleighs built large enough
to carry the whole school of 260,
and with horses and mules, banners
and flags, with bells and fun the
Yankee Methodit S. S. are off for
Look Out Mountains. Well, what
next Mud, rain, fog and mud, mud,
and the river is rising and next may
be a freshet.
Chattanooga is a town of ten or
twelve thousand inhabitants, one
third southern whites, one third
black and the remander best class of
Northerners. The city gave a good
majority for Hayes and has a repub
lican city government. The town,
doubtless has a future before it. Its
location has secured for it a centre
for both manufacturing and trans
poration. Five railroads centre here
and the sixth from Cincinnati is to
be completed next summer.
The principle manufacturing is con
firmed to iron, are for which is found
even within the city limits, and coal
melt it from five to thirty miles.
Iron can be put into market from
here at from $2 to $5 per ten cheap
'er than from northern establish
ments. One mill made about 17,000
tons of railroad rails during ten
months of last year. We have di
rect communication with New York"
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago
-and St Louis. Freights from Chica
go are 57 cents per hundred from
New York from 45 to 50. The
erection of buildings for the past
year mostly for business and manu
facturing has been at an expense of
-about $160,000. Free public
schools havs been established about
five years. They are now educating
about 1,600 children, and employing
twenty-five teachers at a yearly ex
pense of 7,000. Th schools are
irst, class in their rank.
„l_ 2 ^, SS» -r
The colored people have their
own schools and churches. Their
schools are under the direction of
the board of education, just as the
whites, but what I mean to say is
they are educated by themselves.
Nearly all their teachers are whites
but such is the prejudice that a per
son teaching in a colored school can
not change to one of the whites
and the prejudice is just as strong
matters of religion. I have never
seen a colored person in my con
gregation. They have not, as a
people, advanced very far in morals
and education. They do not always
tell the truth and it is best to have
things pretty well secured at night.
They are all very religious, but
some of them not very honest.
There are honorable exceptions to
this, however, and as education and
religion exercise their influence their
moral condition will improve.
During the cold snap there was
much suffering among them as well
as among the poor whites, many
families were without food or fuel.
The clergy of the city were appoint
ed to visit the several wards and
relieve such as were needy.
During last week we assisted, in
our ward alone, about fifty families
with wood, coal, meal, bacon and
coffee, we visited the larger number
of these families, some were burning
their last stick, or parts of their fur
niture, or partitions of houses, and
some were without either food or
fuel. Much of this was caused by
their indolence, they will not work
unless they are obliged to.
There are two things indespensi
ble to the comfort of one of these
poorer homes and it is not all con
fined to the poorer classes, snuff and
coffee. Some would say: can't you
give a little coffee "I'd rather do
without my grub almost. I've had a
power of a head ache ever since I
was out of coffee." We did not
furnish any snuff, but we saw the
snuff stick as we have often done
before. Th women and girls use
them, and as I have already said, it
is not all confined to the poorer
Here is correct picture of domes
tic bliss. A open fire-place with a
small fire. The old man and John
sit on one side chewing and spitting,
the mother and Jane on the other
side chewing their newly dipped
snuff sticks, and they have the same
nack of spitting that John and his
father have. Now, John and his fath
er use the same kind of tobacco and
spit just as we have seen John and
his father do in Minnesota, I have
thought a great many times since I
have been South how nice it would
be for those Johns of Minnesota to
come down here and get a snuff
chewing Jane for a wife. N nicer
than it is for those Minnesota Janes
to be compelled to take one of those
Minnesota Johns for a husband.
When we get out of the mud and
rain I will tell your readers more
about the south.
Yours truly, S. A. WINSOR.
"P M. WILSON,
Attorney at Law,
Office over Old Poet Office building, Red
Wing, Minn. 38tf
The Opera of Belshazzar.
Butteriield's grand American opera
of Belshazzar has had two public pre
sentations in this city. On Monday
night Opera hall was well filled with in
telligent and appreciative auditors, and
on Tuesday night the hall was crowded
with equally critical listeners. On
both occasions, the unanimous verdict
was that the composition is a most ad
mirably one in every respect, and the
performance fully up to the highest
standard of excellence that an amateur
company is expected to attain. Indeed,
it was more than equal to the average
of professionals, and in some particu
lars as perfect as possible.
Gen. Jennison, as Belshazzar, was
superb and, if he will excuse the im
plied imputation which the sentence
may be understood to contain, seemed
born for just such a king. Mrs. Wilson
was an admirable Antonia and, if the
part of Nitocritis had been made for
Mrs. Edward Smith, or she for the part,
they could not have been better suited
nor could the character have been more
ably and accurately sustained. F. F.
Grow as Festus, and Misses Norton,
Hoyt and McCue as Ladies of the
court did remarkably well (especially
the ladies, of course.) The Magi were
represented by Messrs. Bromley, Mar
ble and Dodge, who followed their in
structions faithfully and sang and acted
their parts well, but we think this fea
ture might have been made more at
tractive by bearing in mind that the
magi were priests, held in highest ven
eration by people of all degrees, from
king to peasant, and whose conduct was
accordingly most dignified and haughty.
Cyrus, by Mr. Raymond, was well
personated throughout. A little more
animation in the acting might have im
proved the character, but the singing
could hardly be bettered and Messrs.
Meacham and Orser, as Persian gene
rals did their parts perfectly. Dr. Wil
liamson's personation of Daniel was
superb, both in regard to the acting
and singing, and J. C. Hawes sang and
acted the part of Zerubbabel in a very
commendable manner, although suffer
ing with a severe cold. The part of
Shelomith was assigned to Mrs. J. C.
McClure, but that lady's health did not
permit of her performing it and com.
plying with the rules prescribed for
costuming hence, Miss Emma Graham
was substituted, and, although she had
but a day to prepare, she played and
sang the part with singular accuracy,
and elicited very general applause.
Miss Katie Lyons, as the child, and
Miss Emma Heising, as the angel, were
both good, and Miss Ella Webster as the
Jewish Princess, personated the char
acter extremely well, quite equal to that
of any other performer on the stage,
and sang beautifully. The soldiers and
choruses are important features in this
opera, and we doubt whether even a pro
fessional company could be found who
would do their duty more faithfully,
efficiently and correctly than those who
performed in these characters in this
city. The Jewish choruses especially
have difficult and expressive music to
execute, and unless it is well sung,the
effect is quite contrary to that desired
but on the occasions mentioned their
singing was certainly very correct and
effective. The Babylonian chorus, al
though their singing is of a different
character and much less important for
effect, because of the attendant scenic
display, sang and acted with proper
spirit and a nice appreciation of the
scene in which they were supposed to
be participants. The soldiers, likewise,
sang correctly and acted well and all
the tableaux were really' grand and
beautiful, pictures The hand writing
'^, 'J *3$K$8«53 f=J^to^t4tf-,^y.^£t?ag^r3fe
IN UNION STRENGTH---IN KNOWLEDGE POWER.
RED WING, MINN., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2
Belshazzar'a doom upon the wall is an
ingenious piece of mechanism. It is
due to the singers to say that, with one
or two exceptions, their acting is in ex
act conformity with the instructions
given by Mr. Ten Broeck, who has in
sisted upon the acceptation of his con
ception of the plots and scenes, and tha
local managers have joined with him in
demanding compliance. It is also no
ticeable that in every instance where
the singers hove refused to comply, the
adoption of their own several ideas
have elicited applause from the audience.
As a whole the presentation of this
opera has been a perfect success. We
must not close without commending
Miss Helen Graham, the pianist, and
the gentlemen of the orchestra. They
all did their duty and added greatly to
the charm of the entertainment.
Annual meeting of the Goodhue
County Agricultural Society and Me
chanics Institute, held at Zumbrota,
Goodhue co., Minn, Jan. 20th, 1876,
met at Parker's hall at one o'clock p. m.
and adjourned to Zumbrota House.
At 2 p. m. meeting was called to order
by the President, I. C. Stearns. The
following report of the secretary was
Zumbrota, Jan. 2th, 1877.
Report of the Secretary of the Good
hue Co., Agricultural Society and Me
chanics Institute for the year 1876.
Balance ia treasury at last
annual meeting $ 17.42
State appropriations 51.28
Receipts of fare 731.20
Premiums paid $458.00
Lumber and repairs 49.50
Work on track 44.00
Tags, cloth and ribbon 11.75
Clerk hire 5.25
Wood 1.50 719.05
Balance in treasury 80.85
D. B. SCOFIELD, Sec'y.
Upon motion, the report of the Sec
retary was accepted.
The following is the report of the
Treasury for the year, 1876.
Balance on hand at last
Receipts of fair 731.20
State appropriation 51.28
Paid out as per vouchers 719.05
Balance on hand 80.05
The Executive committee reported
that they had examined the reports of
the Secretary and Treasurer and had
found them correct.
The following officers were then
elected for the ensuing year.
President, I. C. Stearns, of Zumbrota
Vice President, J. T. Mitchell, of Ros
coe Secretary, S. G. Cady, of Minneo
la Treasurer, B. Scofield, of Zum
brota Executive committee, S. C. Hol
land, Zumbrota, Wm. Doxey, Minneola,
B. C. Grover, Minneola, D. C. Dow,
Minneola, N B. Powers, Roscoe.
Voted to hold next annual fair at
D. B. SCOFIELD
The proprietors of the Southern Indus
tries, au eight paged, 32 column weekly pa
per, occupying an entirely distinctfieldand
mission from any other periodical—now on
its second volume, permanently established
—for the purpose of placing their paper on
file in every Orange in the United States,
with a view to important co-operation, of
fer to send it one year, for the above pur
pose, to Oranges, at one-half the svbscrip
tion price, or fifty cents a year—full prioe
one dollar. Will every Orange paper, or
those circulating widely among the Oranges,
please give this notice one or more inser
tions, and draw on us for an equivalent in
any advertising they wish.
Address SOUTHERN INDUSTRIES,
Board or County Commissioners.
The Board of County Commissioners of
Goodhue County met at the Court House on
Tuesday, the 2d day of January, A. D. 1877.
Present, Messrs. Brown, Johnson snd Nors
ving, of the old board, and Messrs. Doyle
and Hayman, Commissioners elect.
The board was called to order by Auditor
Willard, and William P. Brown was unani
mously elected chairman for the ensuing
The committee appointed July 2Gth, 187G,
relative to cancellation of county orders,
submitted their report, which was accepted
and filed, and the list ©borders so cancelled
and destroyed.'freoin the Auditor's office.
The county auditing board submitted the
AUDITOR'S OFFICE, Goodhue CO., Minn.,
RED WJNG, Dec. 28th, 1876.
The undersigned, board of auditors of
Goodhue county, Minnesota, for examining
the accounts, books and vouchers of the
County Treasurer do hereby report: That
on the 28tb day of December, 187G, we pro
ceeded to examine the accounts, books and
vouchers of the County Treasurer of Good
hue county, and to count and ascertain the
kind, description and amount of funds in
the Treasury of said county, and found the
funds as follows:
Total amount in County Treasurj at thi«
date, charged to County Treasurer $25,150 80
Amount collected in 1870, tax lists 1,047 31
Total $26,204 11
Consisting of the following:
Money deposited in the banks of Red Wing
as per bank books in name of L. A. Han
cock as County Treasurer:
In First National Bank of Red Wing $12,026 04
In Bank of Pierce, Simmons & Co., Red Wing 12'l05 42
Given under our hands this 28th day of
December, 1876. W. P. BROWN,
HANS JOHNSON, Chairman of Board.
Clerk District Court. S. J. WILLARD,
Report approved and ordered filed.
The Committee on Vouchers made their
report showing that on the 28th of Decem
ber, 1876, the committee met and examined
the vouchers in the County Auditor's office,
from July 18th, 1876, to and including De
cember 28th, 1876, and found the same cor
rect and that the committee at said date
cancelled and destroyed S13.972.62 of Good
hue County orders, redeemed by County
Treasurer and deposited with County Audi
tor for cancellation also $153 of old coun
ty orders not called for also $525 interest
coupons of the county bonds issued in 1876
for the construction of the Cannon river
bridge in the town of Burnside. Report
The Board then examined the list of per
sons to whom aid is extended and ordered
the following changes to be made
Allowance to child of Ole Olson of Welch,
and to Mary Campbell, discontinued.
Carrie Olson's family, Cannon Falls, $3
per week from January 1st, 1877.
Mrs. O. P. Farsdnle, Warsaw, $4 per
Swen Rudbeck, Red Wing, $2.50 per week
from Jan. 1, 1877.
Anna Nordin, Cannon Falls, $4 per
Mrs. Katz, Red Wing, $3.50 per month.
Anna Gulbrandson, $4 per month.
Mrs. J. O. Kleeven. Kenyon, $4 per
week until May 1st, 1877, and thereafter $5
Eva Bergquist. Red Wing, $2 per week.
Mrs. Ellen Peterson, Vasa, $5 per month,
the same to be paid to L. Engberg.
All other allowances to remain until fur
ther order of the Board.
The committee on poor farm presented
the contract executed between the county
and John Anderson relative to keeping the
poor farm, and care of poor ending April,
1st, 1877, pursuant to order of the Board,
which was approved and filed.
The Board then took a recess for the pur
pose of visiting the poor farm.
AFTERNOON SESSION.—After visiting the
poor farm the Board again proceeded to
The following county officers elect pre
sented their official oaths and bonds, the
bonds being approved, and ordered filed in
the office of the Register of Deeds.
Martin S. Chandler, Sheriff.
S. J. Willard, County Auditor.
N. O. Werper, Judge of Probate.
N. O. Werner, Court Commissioner.
Charles McClure, Regis'er of Deeds.
J\ C. McClure, County Attorney.
JS. **-«sn£-.w«* liv-fci-sS
Town, City and School District Ordeis 329 85
Cash in Treasury 1,742 80
Total .$2G,204 11
The Board of Auditors also compared the
Treasurer's books and accounts with books
and accounts in the County Auditor's office,
and found the same to agree and correspond,
and the amount charged to the County
Treasurer at this date to be correct.
4.£T*.fcftST,.:M .rTa ^&^ ^u&-.»ji-&u?^- Hr-w»...
Hon. Charles McClure presented his re
port of fees received during the year end
ing December 31st, 1876, as follows
Instruments. jfo. Fetr
Mortgages 085 $1230 fcO
Ass'ts of Mortgages 1»I 8t 75
Satisfaction of Mortgage 340 175 00
Warrant) Deeds 033 25
Quit Claim Deeds 17', 141 Of»
Tax Deeds :-t 1 50
Patents r0 3r» 25
Duplicates 1 50
Certificate of Mortgage Sale 8f 143 75
Execution 14 24 00
Redemption \i 10 75-
Decree of Court 18 2H 35
Lis Pendens 1", 75
Bond for Deed 4 4 25
School Land Certificat« 6 60
Official Bond 1 1 oc*
Lien* ft fie 50
Will-. ii 19 25
Writ of Attachment 8 ft 50
Miscellaneous 10( 7 50
Release on Margin 284 23 40
Contracts 01 00
Abstracts 80 6'J 00
Total 3414 $3,128 10
Paid Clerk hire, 1,104 00
Net Proceeds $2,024 10
Report accepted and ordered published.
Hans Johnson. Clerk of the District
Court, made the following report of fees re
292 Marriage Licenses $"84 00
Naturalization Paper* 302 75
Recording and making report of Births and
Deaths 120 70
Services in the proceedings fir the collection
of 1875 taxes 7. 330 60
Miscellaneous business, charged and collected 465 00
Miscellaneous, not collected I H»
Totil amount charged $l/t£* 9"»
Amount not collected I 90
To'al amount chafgrd and collected $1,812 05
Report accepted and ordered published.
The sum of $20.54 refunded for taxes
paid in 1873 at tax sale on of se \, sec.
12, t. 112, r. 14, the same being homestead
land, and not taxable.
Reports of Grand Jury upon Condition
of Poor Farm," "CountyJail" and "Sug
gestion of Repairs in County Jail" read and
placed on file.
On application the taxes upon lot 2, block
13 of Red Wing, for 1875, and lot 3, block
13, for 1876, were abated, the same being
school district property.
The sum of $15.68 refunded to Anna
Hogden for taxes of 1873, paid by mistake
on of sw \, sec. 34, t. 112, 17.
J. C. McClure, County Attorney, made
report of money received for fines for 1S76.
and disposition of same. Report placed on
A. Finseth made report of expendi
ture of $41.57 for repairs on county road
in town of Holden. Report approved and
On motion tbe Committees on Roads and
Bridges was increased to five, including the
Com'r Hayman was appointed to take
place of J. C. Bennewitz (late Commision
er) upon the following standing committees:
Relief cf Emigrants, and Finance.
Com'r Doyle appointed in place of ex
Com'r Grover on standing committees on
Court House, Poor Farm and Finance
JANUARY 3d.—The personal property as
sessment of C. Graham, of Red Wing, for
the year 1876 was reduced to $4,880, on
account of erroneous assessment, subject to
the changes made by the board of equaliza
tion, and the tax abated accordingly.
The assessment on the east 50 feet of lot.
2, block 5 of Red Wing, for 1876, reduced:
to $1,200, and tax abated accordingly.
On application the taxable valuation for
1876 on land owned by W. R. Putnam was
placed at $15 per acre, viz 12 acres in se
of nw }, sec. 32, t. 113. r. 14, not includ
ed in eouth side addition of Red Wing
that part of sec. 32 lying between Ceme
tery and center line of section, containing
4 acres and 23.11 acres in io sw \, sec.
32, t. 113, r. 14, and tax abated accord
The sum of $S per month allowed Charles
Roos, of Vasa, and the further sum of $15
as aid to pay tax for 1876, and for school
land interest payable June 1st, 1877, viz.:
sej of se \, sec* 16, t. 112, r. 16.
Com'r Brown authorized to extend such,
aid to family of Mrs. Congdon as he shalS
The sum of $2 per week allowed Pehr.
Munson until next session of board.
Petition of M. Anderson and others, for
alteration of Red Wing and Wastedo road
in town of Belle Creek, which had been
presented to the board in July, 1876. and
indefinitely postponed, was taken up, and
referred to Com'rs Doyle and Johnson to
view the route and report upon the same at
next session of board.
ment, the same to be paid in 10 days.
AFTERNOON SKSSIOX.—The sum of $2.10
per week allowed Maria Hanson for care of
The sum cf $12.69 refunded to Thos.
McSorley for taxes paid on lot 1, block 9, of
Red Wing, for 1875, part of said lot being
Com'r Hayman authorized to ascertain
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