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are respectfully solicited, and those who aid
ui in this manner will have our thanks. We
have only to as1: writers to avoid personali
ties and abuse.
Texas, March, 18th, 77
Friend L:— Your letter of March
12th, is received. As I wrote you some
time ago, I am making the attempt to
raise a crop this year, but I do not
feel any great degree of confidence in
the matter at present. There are
thousands of grasshoppers in this sec
tion now and the ten acres of corn I
have planted I rather suspect they will
eat up entirely. They have not dam
aged wheat yet to any great extent, and
if the rascals do eat us out this year
I will go north again and give Texas a
wide birth in future. I propose to
plant fifteen acres of cotton if the hop
pers leave this part of the country soon.
My health is good and I have noth*
ing to complain of in particular except,
perhaps, that our diet of hog and hom
ing might be varied a little occasionally
without damaging us in the least. I
have almost forgotton how good light
bread tastes, although I would under
take to get used to it again if I had an
opportunity and not make any wry
faces about it either.
But we really do not lack for variety
here, our bill of fare would read like
this: For break fast, biscuit and hog
dinner, corn bread and hog supper,
hog and corn bread. So you see that
if we don't hanker after the pork, we
can. help ourselves to the corn bread.
I dare say you remember the bill of fare
at the Hon. J. L. PeeksniflTs, in Color
ado co. Well it does not differ mater
ially from what we were treated to
This country is a very good one, I
like matters and things better than I
did in Colorado county, but there is a
great charce for improvement here.
There is about a dozen of us here and
in this vicinity that indulged in a jol
lification when the news finally came
that Hayes was elected. I am safe in
saying though, in this connection, that
this great State of our* did not contrib-
ute much towards the final result. But
you know what our politics are without
my telling you. I say our politics for,
of course, I am to all intents and pur
poses a Tex in and must carry at least
a moderate stock of both politics and
The latter article I may add is of a
coarse variety, but as you know our
creed I won't go into details. If you
happen to know any parties who wish
to emigrate this spring just inform
them that this is, perhaps, the greatest
country on record (or would be if it
was fenced) and that wo have bright
skies and balmy breezes, cheap laods
and green treeses, and all that sort of
thing. You can also say to them that
this is most emphatically a poor man's
country. You can say that conscien
tiously for I know you saw some thous
ands of that stripe while you were here,
that were too outrageously poor to ever
get out of this, no matter how badly
they may want to get out.
In short this country will bear any
amount of praise. I am positive about
this matter, for W. G. Kingsbury and
others have demonstrated the fact by
spreading it on thick, and it is so much
easier for you Y'ankees to believe it
than it is to look for proof, and I may
add cheapei. For a trip from almost
any point up into God's country to Tex
as is rather an expensive affair, owing
I suppose to the great distance between
the two places. By this I would not
be understood that we have not a hope
of ultimately getting to heaven. Not
at all. But candor compels me to state
that we are considerably nearer the oth
er place and it is among the possibilities
that some of us may make a mistake
and get there.
Well, really, I don't know as there
will be a vast amount of difference in
the manners and customs of the people
after all. As I said before, you can
recommend this country, by all means.
In doing so, however, it would be as
well .to skip over some of the rough
places. Your Yankee will come any
how and then he will "know how it is
himself," and after he once gets here he
is safe to stay for various reasons. In
praising this country it is a good idea
to adopt the late lamented A. Ward's
style. You remember he wrote to an
Editor saying: "If its a temperance
community tell 'em I sined the pledge
fifteen minnits arter I was born" but,
on the conterary, if your people take
thair tods say Mr. Ward is as genial a
feller as we ever met, full of conwiviali.
ty and the life and sole of the soshul
board." So with your Yankee. If he
asks about our cow boys, our niggers,
oar centipedes and our institutions gen
erally, yon can (as the Irishman says)
give him an equivocal answer and nsk
him is his grandmother a donkey.
Or you can say that our Texas cow
boy is a gentleman, which I dare say is
true, for I heard one af them (who was
not more than three fourths drunk) say
that he was. I don't think he would lie
about a small matter like that. In con
clusion, friend L., tell the yankee who
sighs for Texas anything you choose
and you won't be far wrong, and if he
comes down here and finds that in rec
ommending the country to him you
have lied a few times, I will undertake
to make it all right by introducing him
to a native who will out lie the father
of all liars in five minutes and give Be
elzebub two minutes the start at that.
But I will close for the present, hoping
that I may come north one of these
days and surprise my stomach with a
meal that is cooked in a civilized fashion.
Ever yours, GRIMES.
The Granger Decision.
Chief Justice Waite's decision in the
case of the Illinois grain warehouses,
which will be known henceforth as the
granger decision, is a very clear presen
tation of the rights of States in the reg
ulation of the charges for the use of
property devoted to public uses. The
State governments, he says, inherited
the wide powers of the British parlia
ment. Certain of these powers, ex
pressly named, they surrender to a com
mon government, the Urrted States the
rest they retain, and exercise under the
limitations of their self imposed consti
tutions. These retained power author
ize them, not to control rights which
are purely and exclusively private, but
to require every citizen to so conduct
himself and so use his own property as
not unnecessarily to injure another.
This is of the very essence of govern
ment, and is buttressed by numerous
decisions. Luder these powers, the
States have exercised the regulation of
common carriers, inns, and a variety of
public interests, and congress has done
the same in the federal district. As
the chief justice lays down the princi
ple: "When one devotes his property
to a use in which the public has an in
terest, he in effect grants to the public
an interest in that use, and must sub
mit to be controlled by the public for
the common good to the extent of the
interest he has thus created. He may
withdraw his grant by discontinuing
the use but so long as he maintains
the use, he must submit to the control."
This language is a complete answer
to those who have claimed that the
grange policy was a policy of spoliation
and robbery. It was a harsh policy, a
fooli9h policy in the extreme to which
it has been "carried for a brief season,
but it was undertaken on a just princi
ple, that the great agricultural industry
of the western States had a paramount
interest in the manner which railroads
and grain elevators were managed. The
chief justice, in applying this principle
to the grain warehouses, had a less ob
vious instance of the requisite degree of
publicity to give it force than he would
have had if the case had formally in
cluded the railroads. But he had no
liffieulty in showing, from the manner
of conducting tho business, that all the
grain traffic of the greatest grain mar
ket in the world passed through these
warehouses, controlled by nine firm*.
In the language of their own counsel,
they were "the very gateway of com
merce," taking toll of everything that
passes, levying, in the words of Lord
Hale, "a common charge," and justly
liable to a common regulation. It mat
ters not that the warehouse antedated
,the legislation, they could not antedate
the power to legislate. Again, the de
termination of what is a reasonable
charge is by all precedents within the
legislative prerogative in private con
tracts it is a judicial function, hut not
so in these matters which the legisla
ture may regulate. The power to reg
ulate may be abused, but, "the people
must resort for the remedy to the polls,
not to the courts."
Strange to say, the doctrine of the
Dartmouth college case, regarding the
inviolability of contracts, was not ad
vanced in the warehouse case, it main
ly rested on the clause in the fourteenth
amendment forbidding any State to de
prive any person of life, liberty, or
property without due process of law.
The power of congress t\ regulate com
merce was alleged, to which the clear
answer was that the States retained
their internal powers, in the absence of
any exercise of the federal jurisdiction.
The Dartmouth college doctrine was ad
vanced before the supreme court, how
ever, by Mr. Stoughton, in certain Wis
consin cases against the Chicago and
Northwestern railroad, but does not
seem to have attracted the attention of
the court, which has decided all these
cases on the doctrine laid down as
above by Chief Justice Waite. There
are five or six of these cases, in
one of which a road chartered by the
territory of Wisconsin, with the power
to make rates, was not organized till
long after the establishment of the
State. The court held that the con-
tract, so far ns it was a contract, was
with the State. The tacit abandon
ment of the Dartmouth college doctrine,
in its extreme conclusions, is very curi
Some of the papers take up the old
wnil, the Wall street nonsense, that the
decision renders railway capital "inse
cure." It was the wnsto, extravagance,
and inflation of the railroad building
era which have ruined railroad enter
prises and rendered the capital invested
insecure. If the grango legislation had
been enacted ten years earlier, and en
forced, more moderate ideas of the op
portunities and some conception of the
duties of common carrying might have
resulted. The idea of the railroads
was that, no matter how many rings
fattened off from construction accounts,
tho communities using the roads would
be bound to pay the interest on their
inflated cost forever. The people re
volted, and we don't blame them. Nev
ertheless, the bankruptcy which has
overtaken the railroads of the country
since 1873 has been due far less to the
granger legislation than to the collapse
of credit of new railroads from natural
causes. The business of many of them
has proved so much below their expec
tations that it needed no "regulation"
to make it inadequate to pay the charges.
Before 1873, the amount of railroad
bonds on which interest haa been de
faulted had risen to $134,000,000, and
during the past four years this has risen
to $814,000,000, or thirty per cent of
the entire bonded debt of the railroads
of the country. Payment has been re
sumed on some portion of this, and a
much larger proportion has been satis
fied by foreclosure. But viewed in the
broad and future aspect, the greatly in
creased strictness of railroad supervis
ion which is the fruit of the grange era,
will render railway capital more secure
instead of less so. It secures a degree
of publicity of railroad affairs which
was never before attempted.—Spring
Jield (Mass.) Republican.
For restoring Gray Hair to
its natural Vitality and Color.
original color, with
freshness of youth.
thickened, falling hair checked, and
baldness often, though not always,
cured by its use. Nothing can re
store the hair where the follicles are
destroyed, or the glands atrophied
and decayed. But such as remain
can be saved for usefulness by this
application. Instead of fouling the
hair with a pasty sediment, it will
keep it clean and vigorous. It
occasional use will prevent the hair
from turning gray or falling off,
and consequently prevent baldness.
Free from those deleterious sub
stances which make some prepara
tions dangerous and injurious to
the hair, the Vigor can only benefit
but not harm it. I wanted merely
which is at
ing the hair.
Faded or gray
lmir is soon
restored to its
the gloss and
Thin hair is
A I DRESSING
nothing else can be found so desir
able. Containing neither oil nor
dye, it does not soil white cam
bric, and yet lasts long on the hair,
giving it a rich glossy lustre and a
Dr. J. C, AYER & CO., Lowell, Mass.,
Practical and Analytical Chemists.
SOLD BY ATA DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE.
HUDSON & CO.
Plumbers and Gas and
M.iku «[iuialty of all kind* of
ALL WORK WARRANTED FOR
^Z^fCall lit the "tote next to the Savings
Bank on Third *tieet 20m.l
J. C. HAMMOND,
Architect & Builder,
Cor. MAI N st. & BROADWAY,
S E O N STORY.
Plans and «peeifi* anions for building* pre
pared at short uotteo. and siitiniucti.m guar
O Fir.e mixed emd*. latest styles, or
&*J 25 Scroll & «r(\!o-» 10 wsnts post paid.
Address. NASSAU CAUD Co.. NASSAU,
COUNTY OF GOODHUE,
Disjriet Court, First Judicial Distriot.
Ole Johnson, Plaintiff, Against Mar
gam A. Kelley Defendant—Sum
mots for Relief.
The State of Minnesota to the above
You, are hereby summoned and required
to answer the complaint in tho above entit
led action, which has been filed with tho
Clerk jof said Court in his office at the Court
House in Red Wing, in said Ooodhue coun
ty, ononis twenty-eighth day of March A.
D. 1877, and to serve a copy of your answor
to thenaid complaint on the suboriber at hto
office,jin the oity of Red Wing, in the coun«
ty of (yoodhue, and State aforesaid, within
twentj days after the service of this sum
mons on you, exclusive of the day of such
service and if you fail to answer the said
comprint within the time aforesaid, the
Plaintiff will apply to the said Court for
the relief demanded in the said complaint.
Dated Red Wing, Minnesota, March 28th.
A. D.I877. Herbert
25w7 Plaintiff's Attorney.
ELSON A PETERSON,
Hardware, Stoves, Tinware.
FARM MACHINERY and IMPLE
BUILDERS\ HARDWARE, ME-
CHANW'S TOOLS AND
Opposite the old Post Office
Bush srteet, Red Wing, Minn.
D. C. I
Builder,Manufacturer aud Dealerin
SASH, DOORS AN BLINDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, MOULD
INGS, CORNICES, BRACKETS,
Aluminous Building Pa
Turning,Plaining. Sawing, &c, done to
Cor.Wain and Bluff Sts. RED WING.MINN
IVES & HASLER'S
N.E. Cor. 3d & Bush sts,
Wt are the authorized agents of several
of the most reliable insurance companies in
the united States. We have embarked in
the iqsurance business determined to stay
with you and ask a fair share of your busi
ness. We want first class risks and none
others, and will write small lines on strictly
No. 1. buildings and stocks at rates much
less than have been asked during the last
two or three years.
Our rule is to write a risk for what it is
worth, and having no assessments to ppy to
the Naional Board we can insure your
property at Jess rates than those companies
paying 9arg* yearly dues for having rates
made for them. Our companies have each
a large net surplus over all liabilities, and
during the last years have steadily made
money, theirpercentage of loss being in ev
ery instancat'ar less than that of the most
popular Board Companies. We invite the
closest scrutiny of the Companies we repre
sent and are anxious tc compare their
standing aW ability with any* eompany
represented^ Red Wing, and we can prove
to any fair winded man that their policies
are indemnty in any sense of the term.
Call at out office and see if we can't.
50m3 IVES A HASLER.
the State of Il
linois for the
pose of giving
lief in all oises of private, chronic, and uri
nary diseates in all their complicated forms.
It is well known that Dr. James has stood
at the hetd of the profession for the past
30 years. Age and experience are all-im
porttnt, SEMINAL WEAKNESS, night
losses by dreams, pimples on the face, lost
mansood. can positively be cured. Ladies
wanting the most delicate attention, call or
write. Pleasant homt for patients. A book
for she million. Marriage Guide, which
tells you all abo.it these diseases—who
should marry—why not—10 cents to pay
postage. Dr. James is 60 years of age, and
and has 50 rooms and parlors. Consulta
tion free. You see no one but the doctor.
Offica hours 9 a. to 7 p. m. Sundays 10
to If. All business strictly confidential.
Dealer in alll kindsof
GRAIN, FLOUR, HIDES, LIME,
SALT, CEMENT, &c.
1 TICKET AGENT.
Tickets forsalcto all important points via
River and Rail, East, West, North and
Stone Warehouse on Levee.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Will Praetioein all the Courts of the State
OFFICE IN POST OFFICKBLOCK
TATE OF MINNESOTA,)
COUNTY or GOODHVS.
District Court, First Judicial Dis
William D. Stroud, Plaintiff, against
Warren Brayton, Defendant,
Notice is hereby given that in pur
suance rind by virtue of Judgment
and Decree of the District Court of the
first Judioial District of the State of
Minnesota, made and rendered in the
above entitled action on the 5th day of
January, A. D. 1877, and on that day
docketed in the office of the clerk of
said Court, in the county of 3oodhue,
in said District, a transcript of which
judgment, duly certified by said clerk,
has been delivered to me, I, the under
signed Sheriff, as such Sheriff will sell
at public auction, to the highest bidder
for cash, afc the front door of the Court
House, in the city of Red Wing, in said
Goodhue county, on Saturdav the 19th
day of May, A. D. 1877, at" 10 o'clock
in the forenoon of said day, the land
and premises described in said Decree,
or so much thereof as will be sufficient
to satisfy the sum of one hundred and
ninety-nine dollars and ninety-six cents,
together with interest, costs and dis
bursements. Said land and premises
to be sold are described in said Decree
as follows to-wit: That certain tract or
parcel of land situate in the county of
Goodhue, and State of Minnesota,
known and described as follows to-wit:
Thd north half of the south west
quarter of section number twenty (20)
in township number one hundred and
niue (109) north of range number six
teen (16) west.
Dated Red Wing, Minnesota, April
3d, A. D. 1877.
MARTIN S. CHANDLER,
Sheriff of Goodhue county.
J. C. MCCLURE,
Attorney for Plaintiff. 26w7
TSJOTICE OF MORTGAGE SALE
Default has been made in the condi
tions of a certain mortgage deed execu
ted and delivered by Mats Hanson and
Brynel Peterson Hanson, bis wife,
mortgagors, to John Peterson and
Hans Stillofson mortgagees, dated the
first day of June, A. D. 1875, and duf
ly recorded in the office of the Registe
of Deeds of the eounty of Goodhue and
State of Minnesota, on the 20th day of
February, A. D. 1877, at eleven
o'clock and forty minutes in the fore
noon of said day, book thirty-two or
mortgagedeeds, on page nineteen.
There is claimed to be due and is due
upon the said mortgage and the debt
secured thereby, at the date of this no
tice, to wit: February 20th, A. D. 1877,
the sum of two hundred and seventy
dollars and forty four cents ($270.44,)
and no action or proceeding has been
instituted at law or in equity to recover
the said mortgage debt, or any part
Notice is hereby given that by virtue
of the power of sale in said mortgage
contained and recorded therewith, and
of the statute in such case made and
provided, the said mortgage will be
foreclosed by a sale of the mortgaged
premises therein described, which sale
will be made by the sheriff of said
Goodhue county, at the front door of
the Court House in the city of'Red
Wing in said county, on Saturday the
7th day of April, A. D. 1877, at the
hour of ten o'clock in the forenoon of
said day, to satisfy the amount which
shall then be due on said mortgage,
with the interest thereon and the costs
and expenses of sale, together with
twenty-five dollars, the attorney's or so
licitor's fee, stipulated in said mortgage
to be paid in case of foreclosure thereof.
The premises described in said mort
gage and so to be sold are all that trac
or parcel of land lying and being in
said Goodhue county and State of Min
nesota, described as follows, to wit:
Beginning at the centre of the Faribault
and Red Wing read as now travelled, at
John W. Jamieson's north west corner,
running thence south, along the west
line of said Jamieson's land, nineteen
(19) rods, to Daniel McAlonan's north
line, thence west, along said line of said
McAlonan's said land, thirty two (32)
rods and ten (10) links, to the centre
of the Red Wing and Faribault road,
thence north easterly, along said cen
tre of said road, thirty-six rods and
twenty two link3 to the place of besrin
ning, containing one and seven eighths
acres of land and being situate in the
north west quarter of section number
(1), in township number one hun
dred and ten (110) north, of range
number seventeen (17) west.
Dated Red Wing Goodhue county,
Minnesota, this 20th day of February,
A. D. 1877.
COLVILL & HOYT, Mortgagees.
Atty's for Mortgagees. 20w7
A Home and Farm
OF YOUR OWN
On the line of a GRRAT RAILROAD, with
good markets both East and West*
Now is the Time to Secure it.
Mild Climate. Fertilo Soil, Best Country
for Stock Raising in the United States.
Books, Maps, Full information, also
"THIS PIOICEKR," sent free to all parts of the
world. Address O. F. DAVIS,
Land Com. V. P, P.. R.
20w5 OMAHA, NEB.
1,0OC .000 of Concord. 1 year $15 to $20
per 1,000: 2 year $25 to$30. All other var
ietiescheap. DR. H. SCHRODER, BLOOM
O-Ud Tidings to the Afflicted!
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Most Combined Medicated Necessities, as a
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who will use this Liniment in time will be
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Diamond Oil is for sale by Noeson
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Prepared by W. E Fagan & Co., Phila
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The Most Wonderful Discovery of
he 19th Century.
DR. S. HOWE'S
And Diseases of the THROAT, CHEST and
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A substitute for Cod Liver Oil.
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Also, S. HOWE'S.
Arabian Tonic Blood Puriner,
Which differs from all other preparations in
the IMMEDIATE ACTIOX upon the
LIVER, KIDNEYS AN BLOOD.
It is purely vegetable, cleanses the system
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and makes i»ure, Rich Blood. It cures
Scrofulous Diseases of all kinds, removes
Constipation and regulates the bowels. For
'•NEKVOITS DEBILITY," LO*T VITALITY,"
URINARY DisEASEs/'and BROKEN DOWK
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LMilP. Six for 35.
Also, S. D. HOWE'S
Arabian "Sugar Coated" Liver
They cleanse the Liver and Stomach thore
oughly, remove constipation contain no
calomel nor any other injurious ingredient,
and act quickly upon those organs, without
producing pain or weakness. Price 25 cents
Si.ould use all three of the above medicines,
S by F. A. POOLE, Druggi.st
Sole Agent for Red ing. Minn.
DR. S. D. HOWE. Proprietor,
22eowly New York.
CECURE AX AGENCY
AND $50 OR $100 PER WEEK.
"THE EVER P.EADV ASP SEVER OUT OF ORDER"
For Domestic use.
with Table and Fixtures complete,
A perfect and unequalcd, larg-, strong and
durable Machine, constructed elegant and
solid, from the best material wirh mathe
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or manufacturing purposes. Always ready
at a moment's notice to do its day's work
never out of order, and will l.i^t a generation
with moderate care easy to understand and
manage light, smooth, aud swift running,
like the well regulated movement of a fine
watch. Simple. Compact, Efficient and Reli
able, with all the valuable improvements to
be found in the highe.-t priced Machines.
Warranted to do the .-nine work, the same
way, and as rapid and smooth as a $75 Ma
chine. An acknowledge trumph of ingenious
mechanical fkiil. e?seutially the working
woman's friend, and far in advance of all
ordinary Machines, tor absolute Strength.
Reliability and general usefulness, will Henij
Fell. Tuck. Seam. Quilt. Bind, Braid. Cord
Gather. Unfile :"-hirr. Plait, Fold. Scallop,
Roll, Embroider, Run up Bieadths. Ac
with wundertul rapidity, neatness and ease,
Sews the stronger lasting titch equally
fine and smooth all kinds of goods,
from cambric to several thicknesses ot broad
cloth or leather, with fine or coarse cotton,
linen, silk or twine. Gives perfect satisfac.
tion. Will earn its co.»t several time* over in
a season in the work it does, or make a good
living for any m.m or woman who desires to
use it for that purpose, works so faithful and
easy, the servants or children can use it with
out damage. Price of Machine with light
table, fully equipped for family work. $20.
Half Case, Cov^r. Side Drawers and Cab
inet Styles each at correspondingly low
rates. Sate delivery guarantied, free from
damage. Explanatory pamphlets illustrated
with engravings of the several styles of Ma
chines, reference, variety of sewing, 4
mailed free. Confidential terms with liberal
inducments to enterprising Clergymen,
Teachers, Business Men, Traveling or Lo
cal Agents. Ac. who desire exclusive Agen
cies, furnished on application. Address
JohnH. Kendall A Oo, 421 Broadway, New
Corner of Main and PlumbSt'*.,