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title: 'The Grange advance. (Red Wing, Minn.) 1873-1877, August 01, 1877, Image 5',
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The Railroad Strike.
ED WING, July 2Stu 7 7
Editor of Advance—The attitude as.
mined by the working men employed on
the railroads of this country is now at
tracting serious attention and is really
alarming. I was glad to see that in
last week's ADVANCE you treated this
question so impartially and truthfully
What you then said is right, as I know
by my own experience and observation.
Those meu have been working for the
past five yt ars at very low wages, they
have lived in the smallest and cheapest
houses and practiced every possible
economv. Frequently their poverty has
led them to remonstrate with their em
ployers and they have been told by
these that business would soon improve
and the earnings of the railroads in
crease, in which event their wages
would be restored to the former stan
dard. Tins fetory has been told them
when fiose who utterdd it must have
known that any prospect of improve
ment was very distant and exceedingly
doubttV. The object of the employers
has beea to prevent the dispersion of
their men, for they wished to keep them
where they could make their services
available when the demand for the re
moval uf freight made the business
active. And right here let me call jour
attention to a circumstance which is
not generally thought of in this connec
tion. There .ire two seasons of the
year when the shipment of freights over
railroads are very much greater than at
other times. Of course, this calls into
requsltioo the services of more men
than are needed during the duller peri,
ods. As the competition between the
companies is sharp and unscrupulous
each one strives to nuve all the freights
it can daring these busy seasons, and
they seek to keep men enough to per.
form this extra labor in such positions
that trey can call them into service at
the shortest possible notice. This ex
plains why railroad employees are so
often reduced to short time and, indeed
it accounts partially for the low wages
It will thus be understood how 4t
happens that railroad employees are
constantly lead to hope for better times'
and to retain their situations until re
duced to positive destitution. Instead,
however, of their expectations being
realized, their wages have been succes.
sively ground down, until they have
reached a sum which no humane em
plover would have the heart to offer to
those engaged in his service. This is
how it happens that men, having fami
lies to support, are now at the point of
starvation. They were first put upon
short time, then their wages were re"
duced two or three times, and those
who demurred were silenced by flattering
prospects of an early restoration to full
time and good pay. But they again
find themselves asked to submit to a
further reduction of from ten to fifteen
per cent. Many \»ho are first class
mechanics and formerly earned from
#2.50 to $3.50 per day have been re
duced to from #16 to $20 per month, a
sum entirely insufficient to support
them. What were they to do Could
they calmly listen to their children cry
ing for bread and see the wives whom
they had promised to support emaciat
ed by hunger Assuredly not. The
situation rendered them desperate.
They had already listened to the false
pretenses of their employers until they
found themselves in utter helplessness,
and could no longer put faith in any
thing these might say. They had even
been subject to the humilation of accept
ing charity from the generously dispos
ed, but their numbers and fearful con
dition of want constituted a burthen
too enormous for even ihe active and
well organized benevolent association^
of our cities to attempt to carry. Where
then, could they look for relief Where
was it natural for them to look for it,
but to the force of their own strong arms
and atout hearts. Moralists might de.
nounce them, governmental authorities
might punish them, society might c»n.
demn them as ruffians and out-laws, but
the pangs of hunger and the woes of
want were paramount to all these con.
eiderations. Theorists might claim
that they should have resorted to other
means for relief, but in all its past ex
perience the world seems never to have
found any remedy for oppression except
revolt, and they therefore knew no other
remedy. Are they to blame, then, for
resorting to this
It is not true that these men, as a
class, are any more ruffianly or disposed
to disorderly conduct than their fellow
citizens generally. They are as well
raised and well educated as other peo
ple and have as much respect for the
law. Having lived all my life in a large
city and being personally acquainted
with a considerable number of railroad
employees, I know whereof I speak, and
I know that, us generally as any other
ehihs of citizens would have been, the
railroad men were extremely reluctant
to engage in these strikes and riots, but
their necessities, and circumstances
arising as consequences of their conduct,
seemed to leave them no other alterna
the. I will admit, with all thoughtfnl
peoph, that they did wrong in prevent
ing other workmen taking their places
and in destroying property, but under
extraordinary circumstances, like those
influencing them, even these wrongs
were excusable, it not justifiable. They
were the outgrowths of preceding and
greater wrongs, perpetrated by the
man-igcrs of the railroad companies and
the responsibility for the crimes
committed and injuries inflicted should
attach to these, rather than to such as
were forced into the commission of deeds
which they must have regretted at the
Only think of the difference The ia
boring men, who operate the roads, re
cehing the beggarly pittance of $13
or $20 a month, while the officers ot
these same companies are paid the mon
strous salaries of from $10,000.to $100,
000 a yesir. Or look at the expensive
appointments of the palace ears, which
the railroad officers and owners lit up
for themselves and their families, while
the working men and their families are
starving in spite of their economy and
willingness to labor diligently in the
service of these corporations. Have the
former a right to appropriate all the
blessings of life to themselves I think
not, and I hope to see the time when
the working classes will cease to be
starved, trampled in the dust, and
ground to death by the oppression of
soulless corporations and I believe that
this strike and these riots will lead
speedily to the discovery and application
of a remedy for the evils from which ev
ery industrial interest of the country is
now suffering. Yjurs truly, M.
FARIBAULT, July 2Gth, 1877.
Ed. Grange Advance: In a late
number of the ADVANCE I noticed some
editorial comments on the action of the
city council of Red Wing, in relation to
the taxation of mortgages, which I think
were not well considered. I have not the
papers at hand at this writing, but my
recollection of the article is that you de
precated the idea of taxing money
loaned on mortgages, first, because it
was double taxation, the borrower being
taxed on the mortgaged premises, as
well as the owner of the mortgage and,
next, because eventually the tax must
be paid by the borrower, as the lender
will require a higher rate of interest if
he is obliged to pay taxes on money
Taking your objections in their order,
1 remark, that the taxation is not double
on the individuals, as the borrower pays
taxes on one kind of property and the
lender on another, and, further, that in
the so called taxations of mortgages, it
is not the mortgage, ^which is only an
incident of the debt, which is tax?d, but
the note^which the mortgage secures
Under our laws no one denies the pro*
priety cf taxing uusecured evidences of
of debts, and does the fact that the pay
ment of debts is made secure make
them any less liable to taxation
If we consider money as not property
but only the representative cf property,
then all taxation of money must be
double taxation, if not both property
and its representative. But our statutes
recognize a taxable property in money,
and so long as that is the case, it is cer
tainly as just to tax the lender for mon
ey loaned, the payment of which is
made secure by a mortgage, as it would
be to tax him for his money lying idle
or loaned without seouritv.
If the time ever comes in this country
when money can be borrowed at so low
a rate of interest that it can be used to
advantage in the ordinary business
transactions of merchants, manufac
turers and others, it may be an advan
tage to relieve it from taxation, but un
der present circumstances it would be
double taxation in earnest, if the own
ers of real estate should be obliged to
pay the money-lenders' share of taxa
tions in addition to their own.
1'our next objection is one that will
apply to all other personal property as
well as money for do not the merchants
and manufacturers add to their profits
or their prices a sufficient sum to cover
their taxation on stock in trade, and
thus make their customers pay higher
prices in consequence I have thus
hastily given views on a matter to which
I have been obliged to give considerable
attention for some years past and if
THE LATEST WA NEWS
DIRECT BY CABLE FROM EUROPE!
TAKE NOTICE, EVERT BODT.
Th latest war news is that the Czar of Russia is determined to be con
queior in his war with the Turk, because, as he says, he is fighting for the
beneficient cause of the
GOOD OF THE HUMAN RACE.
But, look See what good news comes from Re Wing It is to the
Cheap Charley, the Poor Man's Friend,
Th well-known and most popular Clothier* in this city, whose store is in
Graham's block, corner of Main and Bush streets, has declared himself to be
THE CHAMPION OF THE PEOPLE!
And for this reason declares war against all the Clothiers in this vicinity
or elsewhere. But, mark! While the Czar is slaughtering hundreds and
thousands of human beings the Poor Man's Friend is doing a better thing.
For the benefit of the people of this city and of the country at large, he is
SLAUGHTERING HIS ENTIRE STOCK OF CLOTHING,
As well as his large and full assortment of
O O S A N S O E S A S A N CAPS, E N S N I S I N
O O S Etc., Etc
says to all Come and seem and convince yourselves that I have
the best and the largest stock on hand and am able to do all I promise.
My prices will astonish you by their cheapness. My goods are all new
and of new styles. W do not deal in auction goods or shoddy and
manufacture our own goods every season from fresh material.
Our facilities and long experience in the business justly entitles us to
the people's verdict that we are the Champion Clothiers of the North and
Remember that I still hold to the policy of having but one price
they are erroneous shall be pleased to
see their refutation. F. W.
Our correspondent is right in his ar
guments, but if he will read the article
on this subject which we publish in an
other column he will understand why
we object to taxing money loaned. We
would like to see interest reduced so
low that money could be profitably bor
rowed for investment in busiuess enter
prise, hence, we object to all legislation
which tends to'maintain high rates of
interest. His last proposition is true.
It is the productive labor of the country
that pays all the taxes although these
are nominally assessed on property and
How the Country Looks.
Editor Grange Aduance: I took a
short drive into the country on Saturday
to Featherstone prairie. The road has
been greatly improved recently in the
valley this side of Trippe's hill, having
been substantially graded, with culverts
under it wherever necessary. The part
between the tannery and the city, how
ever yet needs improvement, being very
Some of the wheat will be harvested
this week all I think, by the last of
next. The heads are large and well
filled and the berry plump and heavy,
and the yield every where in this vicin
ity will apparently be above average.
The barely crop has been harvested. It
is said to be most excellent and has been
saved in good condition. The oat crop,
too, is represented to be unusually pro
The wives of the farmers in this re
gion seem to take pride, and they cer
tainly display good deal of taste, in
ornamenting their houses and house
yards. All appear to have croquet
grounds and means to enjoy pleasure
and lighten their cares and labors. I
used to think farmers lives were neces
sarily lonesome, but it is not so on
Featherstone prairie, for I found plenty
of merry company and social enjoyment
wherever I went. M.
—The Garden City Sulky Plow is a
handsome affair, does good work, runs
easy, and gives general satisfaction.
They are for-sale by C. Betcher. Call
and see them.
D. F. BLOOMAR.
ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
Red Wing Printing Gompany.
Know all men by these presents, that
we the undersigned, do hereby, under,
and by virtue of an act of the Legisla
ture of the State of Minnesota, ap
proved March 7th, A. D. one thousand
eight hundred and seventy three, en
titled, "A Act relating to manufactu
ring corporations, associate ourselves to
gether as a body politic and corporate
under the name and style of the Red
Wing Printing Company.
FIRST. The name of said Corporation
shall be the Red Wing Printing Com
SECOND. The office and principal
place of business of such corporation
shall be at the city of Red Wing, in the
county of Goodhue and State of Minne
THIRD. The purpose for which such
corporation is formed is hereby declared
to be that of purchasing, establishing,
owning and operating at said Red Wing
a printing and publishing house, for the
publishing, manufacture, printing and
binding of books, pamphlets, papers,
printed forms, blanks, letter and bill
heads, and doing and carrying on a
general'job printing business, and the
issuing and selling of all articles so
manufactured and printed and generally
to do, perform and transact any and ail
acts and business which may be or be
come reasonably needful or proper for
the successful prosecution and conduct
ing of a general job printing and pub
lishing business connected with such
printing and pubjKung establishment.
FOURTH. The of the Capital
Stock in this corportSou is hereby fixed
and limited at the sum of five thousand
dollars ($5,000.00) which stock is here
by divided into one hundred shares of
fifty dollars each.
FIFTH. The time of the commence
ment of eaid corporation shall be the
fifth day of July A. D. 1877, and shall
continue for thirty years from and after
the date laet aforesaid.
In testimony whereof we have here
unto respectively set our hands and
seals, at said Red Wing this fifth day
of July, A. D. 1877.
E. A KELLY,
B. B. HERBERT.
Executed in presence of
H. H. YOUNG,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Will Practice in allthe Court? of the State
OFFICE IN POST OFFICEBLOCX
O O E O N
Payssix Percent, conpound interest on
PASS-BOO E E
Any man, woman or child CAD deposit. Tail
bank is designed to encourage savings
however modest the amount and
attend as cheerfully to those
having hut Twenty-five
Cents,as those ol larg
er mean a.
T. II. SHELDON, Pres't.
S. HOARD, Sec'y. and Treas.
Zagfo Dyspepsia Trochee*
They wlU immediately correct*
•ear stomach, check vomiting and
heartburn, Cnrm sickness or pain In
tntitomach, cost!Y«ae*H# lirercom
pl»int,h«ftda«tie, Being pleasant
•jafeandharmloaa, «ra a sure ours for
Infants Buffering from weak atomaoh.
Priadthirty-flve 3enta per Sex*.
Atall times iftfe^reliable, strictly
vegetable and tasteless, used by old
|and young with perfect safety, -erven
when worms arenotpre*ent.i£eqals»3
[but one dose to effect a cure.
ASK YOUR TINNER
Or Hardware d*al«rs for the
New Standard Enameled
Made only by the Standard Manufac*
turing Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. Every kettle
made cast iron, warranted and guaranteed
not to contain any lead, arsenic or any
other poisonous matter whatever.
PIANOS and ORGANS!
A large variety of styles of
OF TH E BEST QUALITY, AN
OX VERY LIBERAL TERMS.
Calland see before purchasing.
Music lloomsadjoining Dental Booms.
Price) IS cents perFaekag*.
Sold by all Druggists- or «ent.by
mail on receipt or price.
INKBEKHR CO Proprietors,
F. C. BOYNTON.
Third st., west of Bush.
Is now prepared: tv do
Promptly apd to make a superior quality
of flour. He gives to hts customers the
flour from their own wheat, and guarantees
that it will be the best tha-t can be made of
it* Give him a trial.
BED WING IE0N W0BES.
All kinds of Castings made to order, and
finishing and blacksmithing done on short
Ofa supe rior pattern for sale at low prices.
A WILLIAMSON, Agent.
NORTHER N LINE
Boats of this line leave Red Wing for
St. Louis and intermediate points on Tues
days, Thursdays fe Sundays at 10 o'clk, p.m.
For freight or passage apply to
W. O. O E A E N
Office on Bush street with Alley & Jensen
Builder,Manufacturer a ud Dealerin
SASH. DOORS AX BLINDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, MOULD
INGS, CORNICES, BRACKETS,
Aluminous Building PaZ
Turning,Plaining. Sawing, .fcc.f done to
J. C. HAMMOND,
Cor. A I N st. & BROADWAY
S E O N STORY
Plans and specifications for buildings pre
pared at short notice, and satisfaction guar
OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF"
Goodhue, a*. District Court, Pint Jtadi.
Harriet M. Co3*r Plaintiff.
George W. Koger»andi Maria,
C. Rogers his wife-, Defendants,
Notice is hereby giv«u tbat »i pursuance
and by virtue of a Judgment ami Decree of
the District Cc«rtr,of the county of Goodhue,
in the first Judicial District, of the State of
Minnesota, made and rendered in the above
entitled action o« the twenty* first day of
June, A. D. eighteen ^u«d?ed a&d seventy
seven, and on that day docketed in the of
fice of the Clerk' of snid Court in t!»o county
of Goodhue, in stud1 District, a transcript of
which Judgment and JJecree duly certified
by said Clerk, was oa the twenty"tbird day
of June, A.J), eighteen hundred and sevens
ty seven delivereditc u&e as such Sheriff of
said Goodhue eounfcy.
I, the undersigned'Sheriff, »s such Sheriff,
will sell at public auefcvoa to tbe highest bid
der for cash at fiho- front do«-r of the Court
House, in the city of Red Wing, in said.
Goodhue county, 02. (Saturday tb« eleventh
nay ot'August, A. J. eighteen bundzed and
seventy seven, at tea o'clock in the forenoon
of said day, the land and premise*described
in said decree, and hereinafter described, or
so much thereof as will be sufficient to sat
isfy the sum of two thousand- cne hundred
ad forty four dollars and sisty two centa,
together with interest, coats- and disburse
ments as in said decree directed. Said land
and premises to ba sold are situate in Good
hue county, Sta&a o-f Minne30ta,andare de
scribed as follows-, v'.a. TSe south west
quarter of the south east tjuarter of section.
No. fourteen (14) in township No. one hun
dred and twelve (:i2), no»tb cf range No.
thirteen (13) ?*eet. Also begiacing at the
louth west corner of ftfe« east1 half of the
iouth east quarter of said seeticn No. four-,
teen (14), thence coat forty four ana one
half (44i) rod.*. Aenes aoi& fifty (50) rods
to a point on the ba-nk of \VelJ3 Creek,
thence northerly along tbe- top of tha wests
bank of said week, the several courses and
distances thereof to tn» ^Outhern line of
land conveyed to the St. Paul and Chisago
Railway company for the- right of way of
their said roswi, tbenGe along the soutLern
line of said land, of said H&iiway company,
north forty ergJoi (4S'). dagrees west to the
west line of the east half of the south ea3t
quarter of j»eeiian fourteen (14) aforesaid,,
thence by oaid Una* soatk about sixty two
(62) rods to the place of beginning contain
ing forty two and onebalf (,42^.) acres more
or less and being part of said east half of
the south east o^uarter of sectioa fourteen
(14) aforesaidy excepting and- resenting
therefrom about four acrea souti west of
Wells Creek, heretofore eonveyed to Edward
M. Vining, by dtmi datad 3niy seventeenth,
A. D. eighteen hundn*d and siaty nine and
recorded ia Goodhue eeuntj, in book F2
page 433. Also one cth-w tract or parcel of
land described as follows, viz, Beginning
at the north west corner of said east half of
the south east quartei* of section fourteen
(14), thenc-j south* sabovl nine and three
fourths (9J) rods to th* northern line of said
land conveyed to the St. PauJ and Chicago
Railway Company, thenee along, th* line of
said Railway Company's land south forty
eight, (4S3) d3grees east fifty (50) rods,
thence north to tbe vr.stern bank of Wells
Creek, thence nostheriy along tke westerly
bank of Wells-Greek, about sixty  reds
to the western end of tike- new bridge on
Wells Czeek, tbence along tbe middle of tbe
public road leading from Florence to Fron
tenac station south savanty six and one half
[76V°] degrees west abo»t twenty nine [29J
rods to tbe wesi line of th«- south* east quar
er of the nortu eas-t quarter of said section
fourteen |141, thsnee south tbree and one
half [&4] rods-to the nlaee »f beginning,con~
taining sis and tbree fourths [6*] acres
more or less being part of the north east
quarter of tbe south ea3t cjut rter and of the
south east quarter of tbe north east quarter
of said section fl4^, township one hundred
ana twelve (112\ north of range thirteen
 west, intended to be tbe same land
deeded to George W. Bogeys, by Erastus
Murray, Samuel S. Murray, George H. Mur
ray and Emeline Muri.iy, January twentieth,
A. D. eighteen hundred aud seventy four, re-,
corded in brok R2 of Deeds page one buns
drcd and thirty sis:
Dated, Red Wing, Minnesota, June 2Sth,
A. D. 1S7T.
MARTIN S. CHANDLER
Sheriff of Goodhue county, Minn.
C&LY1LL & HOYT.
Attorneys for Plaintiff.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUN
of Goodhue, ss. District Court.
First Judicial District.
John T. McKinzie. Plaintiff.
Charles F, Barnard. Defeod't
The State of Minnesota, to tbe above named
You are hereby summoned and required to
answi'i the Complaint in the above entitled
action, which has been tiled with tbe Clerk
of said Court in bis office at the Court Hcuse
in the City of Red Wing, in the county of
Goodhue and State of Minnesota, and to
serve a copy of your ausver to the said Com
plaint on the subscriber at bis ofiee in said
City of Red Wing, within twenty days after
the service of this summons upon you, exclu
sive of the day ofsuoh service, and if you
fail to answer the said Complaint within the
time aforesaid, the Plaintiff will apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in bis said
Dated Red Wing. Minnesota. July 20th.
A.D. 1ST7. F. W. HOYT.
42wG Plaintiffs Attorney.
NELSON & PETERSON,
Hardware, Stovas, Tinware.
a Machinery a
BUILDERS' HARDWARE, ME
CHANICS' TOOLS AND
Opposite the old Post Office
Bush srteet, Red Wing, Minn.
Corner of Main and Plumb St's.,
Red Wing, Minnesota.