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S A N a Of JBRITT,
PUBLISHED KVEKY SATURDAY,
E W I N MINNESOTA
A N S E I
Tferas $9 per year I a a
A E S O A E I S I N
Business Cards of five line, vear, $6,00
do tan lines do •••10,00
One column peryear, 70,00
do six month*--•• 40,00
Half oolurtfn per year 40,00
do six month* 30,00
fourth colnmn por year 25,00
do mviiiiHiths «-...•»•• 15,00
Each square (10 Una?, or less) first insertion 40
Each subsequent insertion ,2»y
All advertiesments continued until ordered out.
Advertisements soUn double a price
BOO JOB WORK
a a li a us a
Executed with neatness and dispatch.
BLANKS.—Warranty, Quit-Claim, Special
Warranty, Moruaje Deed-*, and Township
l'lats for aalo at the Sentinel office.
Levee street, immediately opposite the Steam
boat Landing, Red Wing, Minnesota,
A A «fc E L. TEELE PROPRIETORS.
HIsS now, spacious and commodious hous
It ha been constructed under the immediate
supervisiow of the proprietors au nothing ha
boon omitted to insure the comfort and conven
ietica of those who may favor thorn with their
Is no open for the receptiond of guests.—s
i-ttronagc. The numerous rooms are all well
ventilated and furnished in a superior
manner. In connection with the house is a
good and commodious stable
Ko Wing, March 1,1853. 83tf
A E S E A O A A N I N
tt WISQ, I N N E S O A
i*^jjte convcyd to mid from the boats free.
[SO in, .]
11EI) WING HOUSE,
JAi'-OH BENNETT, Proprietor.
E WIIf«, MINNESOTA.
J3?"0onnected with the House is a large and
UAiiveniont Stable. Stages leave dnily for the
Interior. Teams and Carriages on hand to
convoy PHssengers to anv part of the country.
April 24.1853. 90- tf
A S O S E
DY DE N VAN CAMPEN,
CAXSON FALLS, MIXXESOTA.
Travolers will find evory accommodation on
reasonable terms at the above House. Good
Stabhs, Ostlers, Ac. 62ly
J. HACK. Proprietor.
PLU STREET, a few doors from Main
This House is entirely new and newly fur
nishod, and the Proprietor hopes by strict at
tention to customers to receive a share of pat
Red Wing, Sept. 5.1857. 59y
E N A POIN HOUSE
1*. R. A V. A. HARDT, PROPRIETORS.
House is pleasantly located on the share
Pepin, within a few rods of the
Steamboat Landing. Persons-wishing to s-pend
a few days of recreation and leisure, will find
this the place to do it. A good and well sup
plied barn Uattached to the house, and a com
petent ostler alwaysiv attendance.
The proprietor*lrtv ing leased3 the above pop
ular house and having thoroughly repainted
and furnished in a superior style, would say to
the pnblie that thing that they can do to
make al. calling, comfortably and pleasantly
situated, will be left undone.
May 28,1353. 95y
I. S. KELLOGG,
Wholesale and retail dealer in
Drugs and Medicines,
Dye Start's, Window Glass, Medicinal
Wines and Liquors. Tobacco, Snuffs. Cigars,
Camphene, Alcohol, Burning Fluid, A Main
Street, Red Wing, Minnesota. 99yl
GEO. SPICER, 3
W O W
LIVER A N E A N E
Ptum street, between Fourth and Fifth
E WING, MINNESOTA.
Tho subscribers huvinz the best stoeked sta
blo west of tho Mississippi River are prepared
to furnish the pleasn seeking, and traveling
publie, with as good Turn Ou a, as the juntry
affords coinc and try as if anybody has lien
tut, we can go it. SPICER A GROW.
March 19th 1353. [85-y.]
N I E A S E O N
Dry Goods,Groceries,Crockery, Hardware Cut
.ery. Nails, Oils, Paints Sash, Window Glass,
Looking Glasses, Farming lmplments.
A.*o, Hosiery, Gloves, Cravats, Suspenders,
Shirts,Collars,Brushes, Fancy Goods, Ac.
Red Wing M. T. T. B. SHELDON.
E CITY A E
W O S
Dealer in American and For-
eign Marble. Sixth street, below Main and
Iowa, Dubuque, Iojta.
Moaumeats* Tomb fc ad Stones, Man
ties, Table Tops A S3m9
Reatinei and Wholesale doaler in
a m/aqitSk a xx
Corner Plum and Third Bts., »7tf
BED WIisG, MINNESOTA.
E O W A
A I O N S N O W O S
Directory Continued: Directory Continued:
E O E W A E
At the new Shop on Main stieet, within a
few rods of the crossing of Jordon.
RED WING, MINNESOTA. 97tf
Shop on Main street, near the American House,
and next door to the On namith, holds himself
ready to do all work in his line with prompt
ness and in a workmanlike style.
Ox and Horse Shoeing, jjggjj
He having erected a hret rate and new frame
for shoeing cattle, he don't mean to allow him
self to be excelled either in Ox or Horse shoving.
Farmers and all others give him a trial.
Red Wing. Nov. 27,1853. 12tm8
W O O & W I
Architects and Builders,
are new prepered to take contracts, fur
plans and specifications: also. Sash
and doors on hand, and made to order. Work
from the country solicited. Shop near the
Red Wing, March 27, 1853. 86tf
W. E HAWKINS. O, D. A E A. HALL.
Hawkins & Co.,
_. ,. I Of all kinds, such as House, Sign, Carriage,
take this method of informing
thei friends and the public generally,
that they arc nowprepared to do
Ornamental Painting, Graining,
Marbling and Paper Hanging.
attention pai to all orders from
Re Win* 17,1857.d
O N HISLER
Manufacturer and dealer in
LADIES' GENTS' AND CHILDREN'S
Plum street one door north of the Kelly House,
E WING, MINNESOTA. Mtf
Repairing ilone to order and with dispatch.
O E N S
Oil Muiu street, next do to Lawther's
U.i.ik.up office in Wilkinson's Block,
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
E best of French and other Cloths, kept
A constantly on hand, and made up in a su
perior manner by competent workmen. Also,
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
ST" Cutting done to order.
Wing, May 23,1857. 96y
A A S
Manufacturer and dealer in
S A E S A N E S S E S
in on mi*n ot. oppoi
O store, Red Wing, Minn. Where he has
constantly on hand a large assortment of Sad
dles, Harnesses, Bridles, Trunks, Valises,
Whips, Fly nets, and all other articles usually
kept in a harness shop, and cheaper than can be
bought thjs side of Chicago.
Repairing and Job work done on short notice,
and in the best style. 94tf
SPOXtT&HEN'S E O
Has been removed
to the west side of
Jordan, Maine street
where may be found
a good assortment of
Target and Muzzle loading Rifles,
double and single barrel Shot Guns,
Coifs, Allen's, and the celebrated
Robbing and Lawrence Pistols,
Powder, Shot, Lead, Wads, Flasks, Shot
Belts, Game Bags, Fishing Tackle, Ac., A
Cheap for Cash*
Repairing done with care nod di«pnteh.
M. J. CHA.HBERL1N.
Red Wing, June 14.1558. 70m6
t,. I I O N N E III.
Tenders his professional services to the citi
zens of Red Wing and vicinity.
OFFICE.—Corner of Bush and Flam street,
E E E N E S
Hon.Z. KIOWELL, M. Fairmont, Va.,
Hon. L. DAWSON, M. f!., Brownsville,Fa.,
Prot. T. D. MUTTER, Philadelphia, Pa.,
Rev.Dr. DRUHMOND, Morgantown, Va.,
Drs. MCLANX A BROCK. Morgantown, Va.,
Dr. A. H. CAMPBELL, Key West, Florida,
Dr. E. S. GAINES, Knoxvillc, Tennessee.
Red Wing, May 23,1857. 44tf
A E N S W A I N
SURGEON AN MECHANICAL
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE,
r»t honta sonth-t«»t of the Homline Institute
Rooms over the Drug store,
A VT a S I N 9
Near the Horner pt
Main and Bush Streets, Red Wing.
E A E JK
E A I E
ALL WORK WARRANTED..^
Rod Wing, Nov. 13,1858. 119tf
BU8 STREET, near the Red Wing
All kinds constantly on hand.—
Repairing and Turning done to order.
Also, all kinds of COFFINS furnished to order
Red Wing, Jan. 1,18*9. 127y
Lands $1,25 per Acre.
pORRECT Copiesof Government Mops, show
\J ing all the unclaimed lands in this district
furnished at short notice by
X. T. WtLO«M. W. O. WILtlStOM.
W I E Ac W I 1 8 O N
Attorney* at JLaw,
RED W I N S MINNESOTA.
Will attend to the duties of their profession in
any of the Courts of this Suite.
W. C. WILLISTON,
Notary Public and Agent for the fol
Fire Insurance Companies
MERCHANTS, Hartford, Conn.
FAHMEBS' UNION, A'bons, Pa.
PH(ENIX, Milwaukee, Wis.
r. SANOFOHO-. FRAME IVES.
8 A N O I E S
Attorneys at Law 4* Notary Public.
E WING, MINNESOTA,
Agents for the United States, Franklin, Fire
I N S A N E COMPANIES.
CLINTON QCRNEE. JR. O.O. REYNOLDS
ftURNEE A REYNOLDS,
Counsellors and Attorneys at Law,
Red Wing, Minn.
J3T Office with Smith, Towne A Co. 82-tf
A N A
A O N E A N COUNSELO
A A W
NORTH PEPIN, WISCONSIN.
Will give special attention to collecting Ac
O I E 4c A I O N
ATTORNEYS A COUNSELLORS AT LAW
GENERAL LAND AGENTS
E WINK, MINNESOTA.
W A E N I S O
Late Murdoch db Bristol,}
Attorney at Law
And Notary Public,
MISS A I E MILLER
At her Father's residence, corner 4th & Dacota tfs
Continues to give to the Ladies of Red
Wing lessons in
I A N O O E A I N
Terms per term of 12 weeks $10 payable in
Red Wing. Jnne 19,1358. 98tf
A E A A
A O N E S A A W
and Solicitors In Chancery.
A N A E N S A N E A E S I N
Real Estate, and Land Warrants.
MAMTOKVILE. Donon Co., M.
A I I I
a E a Afrent, a a
A N W A A N S
Il«d Wing Minnesota.
Ear Money loaned, Land Warrants sold or lo
aned on time. Real Estate, and Exchagn
bought and sold. May 23, '57
HORACE WILDEB ELI T. WILDES.
E W I E
Bankers & Land Agents
RED WING, Minnesota Ter.
Money loaned. Exchange A Land Warrants
bought and sold. Land Warrants, or Money
loaned to pre-emptors, on long or short time,
and on favorable terms.
Lands bought and sold oncommission Ae.
Red Wing, May, 18*7.
E A ESTAT E OFFICE,
E N A POINT MINNESOTA.
E will bu and sell Lands, lo
Land enter Government
Lands, select Claims for Settlers desiring to lo
cate on the Half Breed Reservation, pay Taxes
and attend to all business appertaining to his
profession—negotiate Loans for Capitalists up
on unexceptionable real estate security from 20
to 60 per cent. PERRY D. MARTIN.
Central Point, Jan. 1,1568. 77y
J. H. ELDER,
A N S A N O W N LOTS,
Lumber. Shingles, Produce. Horses, Wagons
and Wood-. Will make Collections. Pay
Taxes, Buyand Sell County Orders,
Uneurrent Money Ae., Ae.
E VYINtt, MINN. 98tf
S I O W N E A CO.
E WING, MINNESOTA.
Will attend to locating Land W arrants. pay
ment of taxes, collection of notes, and to the pur
chase and sale of Real Estate throughout the
Territory. Surveying, Mapping, and Platting
of every kind done t* order by a practical snr
iy or. Copies of township maps furnished.—
drawn and acknowledgements taken.
SsT*All business intrusted to them, will re
eaive prompt attention.
O. F. SMITH. T.r.TOWNS, 1. C. FIERCE
CoRmonweallli Insurance Conp'y,
Union Building*-, Third street,
Chartered Capital, $300,000!the
Insure Buildings and other Property,
Against lose or damage by Fire. Also against
Perils of the Sea, Inland Navigation and Trans
WKO. M. LACMAN,
Wx. H. KEFNER,
A. B. WARTORO,
W. F. MURRAY,
F. K. BOAS,
JOHN II. BERRTRILL,
O I E S
SIMON CAMERON, President.
BEN J. PARKE. Vice President.
8. 8. CARRIER, Secretary.
S. B. FOOT, Agent, Red Wing, M. T.
January 9^1858. 75tf
TJIANOS for sale or to rent bj
SMITH, TOWNE A OO.
April 10,135$, 9«*f
Red Wing, August 21,1857.
paid for dry sad green HIDES, by
VOLUME 3, NUMBER 30. RED WING, GOODHUE COUNTY, MINN.. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 26. 1859. WHOLE NUMBER im
From the trie (Pa.,) Dispatch.
My lady love is very fair,
Her eyes of brightest beam,
But she forgets her nails to pare,
And huge dirt lines are seen.
Her voice is soft, and clear, and sweet
Uer words are true and wise,
But she'd forgot, when we did meet,
To wash her face and'eyes.
Her morals are most pure and true,
No fault could you detect,
But ifyou do her closely view,
She has a dirty neck.
I sat beside her when she sung.
She charmed the lis'-'ning house,
But—where ber parted ringlets hung,
I saw a large, white louse.
My love is modest, not a prude,
Nor will she idly flirt,
But—her sleeve was rip'd, and I saw pro
A very dirty—a—rt.
In church we chanced to meet once more,
By her dear side I kneel,
But—I saw the hole I saw before,
In her dirty stocking heel.
Yet »tho' these things disturbed my rest,
(For oh I loved her well!)
I hugged her fondly to my breast,
But—faugh oh! oh! that smell!
Feb. 3d. 1859.
THE CAVE Of DEATH.
[From Hugh Miller's posthumous work en
titled the Cruise of the Betsey," we take
the following interesting account of thereel
Cave in which the whole people of the Is
land of Eigg, one of the Hebrides, were
smoked to death by a neighboring clan,
W struck alight and worming our
selves through the narrow entrance,
gained the interior—a true rock gal
lery, vastly more roomy and lofty
than one could have anticipated from
the mean vestibule placed in front it
Its extreme length we find to be two
hundred and sixty feet its extreme
breadth twenty-seven feet its height,
where the roof rises highest, from
eighteen to twenty feet. Th cave
seems to have owed its origin to tWo
distinct causes. The trap rocks on
each side of the vault like crevice
which separates them are greatly de
composed as if by the moisture from
above and directly in the line of the
crevice must the surf have charged,
wave after wave, ere the last upheaval
of the land. When the Dog's one
Dunolly existed as a sea stock, skirted
with algce the breakers on this shore
must have dashed every tide through
the opening of the cavern, and scooped
out by handfulls the decomposing trap
The process of decomposition, and
consequent enlargement, is still going
on inside but there is no longer a tide
to sweep away the disintegrated frag
ments. Where the roof rises highest,
the floor is blocked up* with accumula
tions of bulky masses that-have drop
ped from above and it is covered
over its entire area by a stratum of
earthly rubbish, which has fallen from
the sides and ceilling in such abund
ance that it covers up the straw beds
of the perished islanders, which still
exist beneath, as a brown mouldering
felt to the depth of five or eight inches
Never yet was tragedy enacted on a
gloomier theatre. A 'uncertain twi
light glimmers gray at the entrance of
the narrow vestibule, but all within for
two hundred feet is black as with
Egyptian darkness. A we passed on
with our feeble light along the dark
mouldering wall and roof, which ab
sorbed'every straggling ray that reach
ed them over the dingy floor, roopy
and clampj the place calledrt6 recollec
tion that hall in Roman story, hung
and carpeted with black, into which
Domitan once thrust his Senate in a
frolio to read there own names on the
coffin-lids placed against the wall.—
The darkness seemed to press upon us
from every side as if it were a dense
jetty fluid, out of which our light had
scooped a pailful or two and that was
rushing in to supply the vacum and the
only objects we 'saw distinctly visib!?
were each other's heads and frees, and
lighter parts of our dress.
The floor, for about one hundred
feet inwards from the narrow vestibule,
resembles that of a charnel-house. A
almost every step we came upon heaps
of human bodies grouped together, as
the paslmist graphically describes, "as
when one cutteth and cleaveih wood
to the earth.*' They are of a brown
ish, earthly hue, here they are tinged
with green the skulls, with the
ception of a few broken fragments,
have disappeared for travellers in the
Hebrides have of late years been nu
merous and curious and many a mu
seum—that at Abbotsford among the
rest—exhibits, in a grinning skull, its
memorial of the massacre of Eigg.—
W find, too, further marks of visitors
in the single bones:separated from the
heaps, and scattered over the area,
but enough still remains to shew, in
the general disposition of the remains,
that the hapless islanders died tinder
the walls, In families, each little group
3eperated a few feet from the others.
Here and there the remains of detatch
ed skeleton may be seen, as if a robust
islander, restless in agony, had stalked
in the middle space ere he fell! but
the social arangement is a general one.
And beneath every heap we find at
the depth, as has been said, of a few
inches, the remains of the straw bed
upon, which the family had lain, largely
mixed with the smaller bones of theyour
human frame, ribs and vertebraw, and
hands and feet bones occasionally,
too, with fragments of glazed pottery,
and various other implements of rude
housewifery. The minister found for
me, under one family heap, the pieces
of a half-burnt unglazed earthera jar,
with a narrow mouth, that, like the
sepulchral urns of our ancient tumuli,
had been moulded by the hand, with
out the assistance of the potters's
wheel and to one of the fragments
there stuck a minute pellet of gray
hair. From under another heap he
disinterred the handle-stave ol a child's
wooden porringer, (bicker) perforated
by a hole still bearing the mark of the
chord that hung it to the wall and
beside the stave lay a few of the larger,
less destrnctible bones of the child,
with what for a time puzzled us both
not a little—one of the grinders of a
Certain it was, no horse could have
got there to have dropped a tooth—a
foal of a week old could not have
passed itself through the opening
and how that single grinder, evidently
no recent introduction in the cave,
could have got mixed up in the straw
with the human boces, seems an enig
ma somewhat of the class to which the
in the bottle belongs. I found in
Edinburgh an unexpected commenta
tor on the mystery, in the person of
my little boy, an experimental philos
opher in his second year. I hadbeing
spread out on the floor "the curiosities
of Eigg, among the rest the relics of
the cave, including the pieces of earth
em jar, and the fragments of the por
ringer but the horse's tooth seemed
to be the only real curiosity among
them in the eyes of little Bill. He laid
instant hold of it and appropriating
it a toy, continued playing with it till
he fell asleep.
I have now little doubt but that itof
was first brought into the cave by thePanama
poor child amid whose mouldering re
mains Mr. Swanson found it. The lit
tle pellet of gray hair spoke of feeble
old age involved in this wholesale
massacree, with the vigorous manhood
of the island and here was a story of
unsuspecting infancy amusing itself on
the eve of destruction with its toys.—
for man Should not I spare
Ninevah, that great city," said God to
the angry prophet, "wherein are more
than six scorce thousand persons that
cannot discern between their right
hand and their?" God's image must
must have been sadly defaced in the
murderers of the poor inoffensive child
ren of Eigg, ere they could have heard
their feeble waitings, raised, no doubt,
when the stifling atmosphere within
began to thicken, and yet ruthlessly
persist in their indiscriminate destruc
Some hundreds of years ago," says
Mr. Wilson, a few of the McLeods
landed in Eigg from Skye, where, hav
ing greatly misconducted themselves,
the Eiggites strapped them to their
own boats, which they set adrift in thethe
ocean. They were, however, rescued
by some clahsmen and soon after a
strong body of the McLeods set sale
from Skye, to revenge themselves on
Eigg. The natives of the latter island,
feeling they Avere not of sufficient force
to offer resistance, went and hid them
selves (men, women, and children,) in
this secret cave, which is narrow and
of great subteranean length, with an
exceedingly small enterance. It opens
from the broken of a steep bank along
the shore and as tlie whole cost is
covernous, their particular retreat
would have been sought for in vain by
strangers. So the Skyemen, finding
the island uninhabited, presumed the
natives had fled, and satisfied their re
vengeful feelings by ransacking and
pillaging the empty houses. Probably
the moveables were of no great value.
Then they took their departure, and
left the island, when the sight of a
solitary Human being among the cliffs
awakened their suspicion, and induced
them to return. niortunsut.y
slight sprinkling of snow had fallen,
and the footsteps of an individual were
traced to the mouth of the cave. No
having been there ourselves at thea
period alluded to, we cannot speak
with certainty as to the nature of the
parley which ensued or the terms
offered by either party, we know that
those were not the days of protocols.
ultimatum was not satisfactory to
the Skye-men, who immediately pro
ceeded to adjust the preliminaries"
in their own way, which adjustment
consisted in carrying a vast collection
of heather ferns, and other combusti
bles, making a huge fire just in the
very entrance of the Uamh Fctaingh,
which they kept tip for a length of
thoy smothered the entire population-.
E N 9
Mexico and Central America!
I O A N O E E N 1
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.
The President -day transmitted a
message to Congress, as follows:
To the Senate and House of Represent
The brief period which remaime of
present session, and the great ur
gency and importance of legislative
action before its termination, for the
protection of American citizens and
their property, whilst in transit across
the Isthmus between our Altantic and
Pacific possessions, render it my duty
to recall this subject to your notice.:—
I have heretofore presented it in mylives
annual messages of December, 1857
and 1858, to which I beg leave to re-cated,
fer. In the latter I stated that the
Executive Government of this country,
in its intercourse with foreign nations,
is limited to the emplyment of diplo
macy alone—where this fails it candress
proceed no farther. It cannot legiti
mately resort to force without the di
feet authority of Congress, except in
resisting and repelling hostile attacks.
It would have no authority to enter
the Territories of Nicaragua, even to
prevent the destruction of the transit,
and protect the lives and property of
our own citizens on their passages. It
is true that on a sudden emergency of
this character, the President would di
rect any armed force in the vicinity to
march to their relief, but in doing this
he would be acting upon his individual
responsibility. Under these circum
stances I earnestly recommend to Con
gress the passage of an act authorizing
the President, under such restrictions
as they may deem proper, to employ
the land and naval forces of the United
States in preventing the transit from
obstructed or closed by lawless
violence, and in protecting the lives
and property of American citizens
traveling thereupon requiring, at thewhich
same time, that these forces shall be
withdrawn the moment the danger
shall have passed away. Without
such a provision, our citizens will be
constantly exposed to interference in
their progress by lawless violence. A
similar necessity exists for the passage
such an act for the protection of the
and Tehuantepec routes.
Another subject equally important
demands the attention ot the Senate,
at this, and the last session of Congress.
The republics south of the United
States, on this continent, have unfor
tunately been in a state of revolution
and civil war ever since they achieved
their independence. A one or anoth
party has prevailed and obtained pos
session of the ports open to foreign
commerce, they have seized and con
fiscated American vessels and their
cargoes in an arbitrary and lawless
manner, and exacted from the Ameri
can citizens by forced loans and other
violent proceedings, to enable them to
carry on hostilities. The Executive
Governments of Great Britain, France,
and other countries possessing the war
making power, can promptly employ
the necessary means to-enforce imme
diate redress tor similar outrages upon
their subjects. Not so the Executive
Government of the United States. I
the President order a vessel of war to
any of these ports to demand prompt
redress for the outrages committed,
offending parties are well aware
that the commander could do no more
than remonstrate. He can resort to no
hostile act the question then must be
referred to diplomacy, and in many
cases adequate redress can never be
obtained. The American citizens are
deprived of the same protection under
the flag of their own country, which
the subjects of other nations enjoy.—
The remedy for this state of things
can only be supplied by Congress,
since the Constitution has confided to
that body alone the power to make war
Without the authority of Congress, the
President cannot lawfully direct any
force, however near it may be to thewith
scene ot difficulty, to enter the Terri
tory of Mexico, or Nicarragun, or New
Granada, for the purpose of defending
the persons or property of American
citizens, even though they may be vio
lently assailed whilst passing in peace
ful transit over the Tehauntepee, Nie
arragua or Panama routes. He can
not without transcending hie constitu
uSHftlpewer djrect a. gun to be firedj
into a port, or land a seaman or mar
ine to protect the lives of our country
men ou shore, or to obtain redress for
recent outrage on their property.—
The banditti which infest our neigh
boring Republics of Mexico, always
claiming to belong to one or the other
hostile parties might make a sudden
descent upon Vera Cruz or the
huantepec route, and he would have
no power to employ a force on ship
board in the vicinity for their relief,
either to prevent tlie plunder of our
merchants or the destruction of the
In reference to countries where the
local authorities are not strong enough
to enforce laws, the difficulties here
time and thus, by "one fell smoke," indicated can.seldom occur^bnt where
this is not the ease, nnA the local au-'who. will marry hes.
FUBIiXSHHR AMD FROFBIETOS*
thdrities do not possess the will to
protect otif'citizens within their limits
recent experience has shown that the
Executive should itself be authorized
to render this protection. Such a
grant of authority thus limited hi ex
tent could in no just sense be regard
ed as a transfer ot the war xuaking
power to the executive but oaly as an
appropriate exercise of that power by
the body to which it appropriately be
longs.^ Th riot in Panama in 1856,
in which a great number of our citi
zens lost their lives, furnishes a point
ed illustration of the necessity which
may arise for the exercise of authority,
I therefore earnestly reecommend to
Congress, upon whom the responsibili
ty exclusively rests, to pass a law be
fore their adjournment, conferring ou
the President the power to protect the
and property of American citi
zens in the cases which I have indi
under such restrictions and con
ditions as they may deem advisable.—
The knowledge that such a law exists
would of itself go far to prevent the
outrages which it is intended to re
and render the employment of
force unnecessary. Without this the
President of the United States may
be placed in a painful situation before
the next, 'meeting of Congress. Irr
the present condition of Mexico, and
and one or more of the other republics
south of us, no person can forsee whatr
occurresces may take place before that
In case of emergency our citizens,
seeing that they do not enjoy the
same protection with the subjects of
European Governments, will have just
cause to complain. On the other, hand
should the Executive interpose, and es
pecially should the result prove disas
trous, and valuable lives be lost, he
might subject himself to severe .cen
sure for having assumed a power not
confided to him by the Constitution
of the United States. It "S to guard
against such contingency that I now
appeal to Congress. Having thus
recommended to Congress a measure
I deem necessary and expe-
dient for the interests and honor of
our country, I leave the subject tor
their wisdom and discretion..
(Signed) JAMBS BUCHANAN-
Washington, *W., 38, 1858,
FUNNY.—-A good story was told ^u»
lately, (says an exchange,) of a popular
reacher in town of II in
which we shall take the
liberty to reproduce.
It appears that the minister has bees
wedded to a most worthy lady, whose
first gift was a dowry, often thousand!
dollars, with the promise of as much
more upon the decease of her invalid'
parent Shortly after marriage, while
occupying the pulpit,, he chanced to
give out a hymn, the fifth verse of*
which commenced- as follows,—
"Forever lit my grateful heart,"
He stopped short—a forced But
slight cough—then added
The choir will omit the fifth verse,"
He then sat down with something like
nervous haste.. With curiosity excited
at this conduct of their minister, the
congregation smiled as they read thus
"Forever let my grateful heart
His boundless grace adore.
Which gives ten thousand-blessings now
And bids me hopeformore
TO UNMARRIE LADIES
The following items of advice to the
ladies remaining is singleblcssedness,
are extracted from the manuscript of
an old dowager:—
*Mf you have blue eyes, languish.
It black, affect spirit.
If you Have pretty feet wear short
It you are the least doubtful as to
the point wear them long.
If you have good teeth, don't forget
to laugh now and then.
If you have bad ones only simper.
While you are young sit with your
face to the light.
When you area little advanced, sit
your back towards the window.
If you have a bad voice always
speak in a low tone.
If it is acknowledged that you have
a fine voice, always speak in a loud
If you dance well, dat.ee seldom.
If you dance ill, never dance.
If you sing well, make no puerile
#3y A Scottish writer complains
that none of his countrymen ever at
tain the English accent. says that
he once prided himself on his success,
but was undeceived before he had
been in London a day. A man was
lying on his back overpowed by liquor.
Come, my good feUey? said the
Scotchman, in true Caledonian pro
I will help ye up.'*1
"Bless you," exclaimed the other,
"you're a good 'un. I always liked
the Scotch.55 I ~i
This detection by a drunken man
took the conceit out of our friend:
83F* In a band of gypsies, now en
camped near Indamipolis, Indi^ is a
beauti&l girl of eighteen, wbose^ftther
the chief of the tribe, offer* tier"hand
and IJO.OOQ to any1 fespeQt*ble W