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DAN a MBRITT,
VOLUME 3, NUMBEK 34.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY,
E W I N JflUXNESOTA.
A N S E I
$9 per year in a a
A E S O A E I S I N
Business Cards of live lixo,year, $6,00
do ton lines do 10.00
One column per your, 70,00
4o six months 40,00
Half column per year 40,00
do six mouths 30,00
Fourth column «er year 25,00
do six mouths 15,00
£achsquare( 10 'inee.ur less) first insertion 40
Each subsequent insertion .'JO
All' aivortiesmonts continued until ordered out.
Advcrtisemeutssatin doublec»lumii,)i price
BOO & JOB WORK
I all its a us a
EjC'iiuteltoUh neatness and dispatch.
Levee street, immn liatcly opposite the Steam
boat Landing, Red \f ing, Minnesota,
A. A. & K. L. TEELE PROPRIETORS.
rriHIS new, spacious and commodious house
is now open for the reception of guests.—
It has been constructed under the immediate
supertisio'iof the proprietors, and nothing has
been omitted to insure the comfort and conven
ience of those who may favor them with their
patronage. The numerous rooms are all well
lighted, ventilated and furnished in a superior
manner. In connection with the house is a
good and commodious stablo.
Red Wing, March t, 1358. 83tf
W E S E Proprietor,
KR A HE S E A 0 A A N 1 N
It W I O I N N E S O A
».?'^age convcyd to and from the boats froe.
BED WINS HOUSE, I
A!(» IJ N' XE T, Proprietor.
ItKI WIN: MINNESOTA.
Jjfif Oonnectdd with the House is a lartre and
convenient Stable. Stages leave daily for the
interior. Teams and Carriages on hand to
ewnvey Passengers to tiny part of the country.
April U. 1853. 90-tf
A S O S E
CAXXO.V FA/. /..V, MINNESOTA.
Travelers will flud every accommodation on
reasomiKe terms at the above House. Good
Stnblis, Ostlers, &e. 62ly
J. HA.3K. Proprietor.
PLU STREET, a few doors from Main
This llonse is entirely new and newly fur
nishod, and the Proprietor hopos by strict at
toutio.i to customers to reeeivo a share cf pat
Red Wing, Sept. 5.1357. 59y
E N A POIN O S E
P.R. A V. A. 1IARDT, PROPRIETORS.
PIHS House is pleasantly located on the share
i. of LaIra Pepin, within a few rods of the
Steamboat Landing. Persons wishing to spend
a few days of recreation and leisure, will find
this the place to do it. A good and well sup
plied barn is attached to the house, and a com
petent ostler always in attendance.
The proprietors hiving leased the above pop
ular house and having thoroughly repainted
and furnished in a superior stylo, would say to
the pnblic that thing that they can do to
make ul. calling, comfortably and pleasantly
situated, will be left undone.
May 28,1359. 05y
I. S. KELLOGG,
Wholesale and retail dealer in
Drugs and Medicines,
Dye Studs. Window Glass, Medicinal
Winesand Liquors. Tobacco, Snuffs. Cigars.
Camphene, Alcohol. Burning Fluid, Ac. Main
Street, Red Wing, Minnesota. 99yl
GEO. SPTCER, SgJB
Plum street, between Fourth and Fifth
RED WING. MINNESOTA.
The subscribers havine the be^tstoekcJ sta«
Me weet of the Mississipiyi River are propartd!
(to furnish the pleasue seeking, and traveling
public, with as good Turn Ou g. as thecjnntry
affords come and try as if anybody has Hen
»et, we can go it. SPICEB & GROW.
March 19th 1853. [85-y.j
MelNTIRE A SHELDON
Dry Goods.Groceries,Crockery, Hardware Cut
.ery, Nails, Oils, Paints Sash, WindowGlass,
Looking Glasses, Farming lmplments.
A.«o, Hosiery, Gloves, Cravats, Suspenders,
Shirts,Collars, Brushes, Fancy Goods, etc.
Red Wing M. T. T. B. SuELnoN.
E CITY A E
W O S
HERRICK, Dealer In American and Kor
I I cign Marble.Sixth street, below Main and
•owa, Dubuque, lo.iva.
Miuntsitls, Tuinb Jc Hend Stones, Man*
ties, Table Tops Ac. iV2m9
Rectitloi and Wholesule dealer in
a «axa.cX. 3f*oxe
WINES 4* LIQUORS,
Corner PInm and Third'St«„ STtf
*ED WIJG, MINNESOTA
W Brown*. HI- IK*
PHYSICIAN .V SURGEON
O E AXD EKSIDEKOX,
Hrst 'ionse south- east of the Hamlin* Tnstituf
fiEOROT: W A E
At the now Shop on Main sticet, within a
few rods of the crossing of Jordon.
Manufacturer and doulcr in
S A E S A N E S S E S &C
ppositc C. J. F. Smith's
Minn. Where he has
constantly on hand a lnrjje assortment of Sad-
CHOP on Rush St.
O store, l'cd Wing.
Directory Continued: DirectoryContinued:
RED WING. MINNESOTA. 97tf
E. O W A
Shop on Main street, near the American House
and next door to the Gunsmith, holds himself
ready to do all work in his line with prompt
nessanj in a workmanlike style.
Ox and Horse Shoeing, ^jjgg
He having erected a hrst rate and new frame
for shoeing cattle, he don't mean to allow him
sel'° to be excelled either in Ox or tiorsc shoeing.
Farmers and all others give him a trial.
Rod Wing. Nov. 27,1858. 12lm3
W O O & W I
Architects and Builders,
7 E are now prepared to take contracts, fur
I nish plans and specifications: also.Sash
and doors on hand, and made to order. Work
BT. INKS.*-Warranty'. Jmt-Claim.Special fro,n the country solicited. Shop near the
Warranty, Mort.M?o Dcods and Township Chillson House.
Pints for «ale at tho Sentinel olfico. lied Wing. March 27, 135S. 86tf
\V. E. HAWKISS. B. A A. HAI.L.
A I O N S—N O W O S
Hawkins & Co.,
take tuis method of informing
thei friends and the public generally,
thut they arc now prepared to do
IP- fc I
I I 3 53
Of all kinds, such as House. Sign, Carriage,
Curtain and Ornamental Painting.' Graining,
Glazing. Marbling and Paper Hanging.
X^T^SpeuiM attention paid to all orders fror.i
the country. 52tf
Red Wing. July 17. 1857.
O N 1I1SLER,
Manufacturer and dealer in
LADIES' GENTS' AND CHILDREN'S
Boots 4* Shoes,
Plum street one door north of the Kelly House,
E WING, MINNESOTA. 94tf
Repairing done to order and with dispatch.
On Main street, next do to Lnwther's
Bilk office in Wilkinson's Block,
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
b.-st of French and other Cloths, kept
constantly on hand, and made up in a su
perior manner by competent workmen. Also,
GENTS' FURNISHIN GOODS.
£Sf" (Jutting don* to irdt,.
Red Wing, May 23.1857. 96y
Harnesses, Bridles. Trunks, Valises,
Whips. Fly nets, and all other articles usually
kept in a harness shop, and cheaper than can bo
bought this side of Chicago.
Repairing and Job work done on short notice,
and in the best style. 94tf
S O S E S E O
Robbins and Lawrence Pistol*
Powder. Shot. Lead. C.ps. Wads. Plusks. Shot
Belts. Game Bags, Fishing Tackle, &c.,«fec.
Cheap for Cash.
Repairing done with cure and dispatch.
Red Wing, June 14,1358. 70m6
«.. O I I E
Tenders his professional services to the citi
zens of Red Wing and vicinity.
OFFICE.—Corner of Bnsh and Plum street,
E E E N E S
IIon.Z.KiDWELi., M. Fairmont, Va.,
Hon. J. L. DAWSON, M. Browi.svillo.Pa..
Prot. T. D. MUTTER, Philadelphia, Pa.,
Dr. J. C. COOFER,
Rev. Dr. DRUMHOND, Morgantown, Va.,
Drs. MI'LANE & BROCK. Morgantown. Va
W* S* *B°W.
LIVER A N E A E
I A L, Key West, Florida,'
S.AINE8, Knojcvillc, Tennessee.
Red Wing, May 28,1857. 44tf
A E N S W A I N
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
*r*^ E N I S
Hooni! over the
Drag store, Main st.
A W S
Nea." -he Comor of
main «'»d Bush Greets, Red Wine.
E A E IN
E. T. WILDCR. W. C. WILLISTON.
W I E A W I I S O N
•Attorneys at JLawn
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
Will attend to the duties of their profession in
any of the Courts of this State.
W. C. WILLISTON,
Notary Public and Agent for the fol
Fire Insurance Companies
MERCHANTS, Hartford, Conn.
FAIISCERS' UNION, Athens, Pa.
PHOENIX, Milwaukee, Wis.
T. SANDroKD. FRANK ITJtt
S A N Ac IVES,
Attorneys at Law $• Notary Public
RED WING, MINNESOTA,
Agents for the United States. Franklin, Fire
I N S A N E COMPANIES.
CLINTON GDIIXEK. JR. a REYNOLDS
GURNEE & REYNOLDS,
Counsellors and Attorneys at Law,
Red Wing, Minn.
Office with Smith, To no & Co. 82-tf
A N A
A O N E A N COUNSELO
NOR TH PEPIN, WISCONSIN.
Will give special attention to collecting «fec
O I A I O N
ATTORNEYS & COUNSELLORS AT LA W
GENERAL LAND AGENTS
REP WINK, MINNESOTA.
W A E N I S O
Late Murdoch fc Srutol,)
•Attorney at Law
And Notary Public,
A N E W BARR.
himself in readiness t*» attend to all
diseases to which our most valuable serv
ant, the horse. Is heir to.
Residence in East Red Wing, a few rods east
of the Livery Exchange Stablo. All vails
will be promptly attended to. A. BARR
Red wing. Aug. 12,1858. l*6tf
A E & A
A O N E S A A W
(•ml S it in a
A N A E N S A N E A E S I N
Real Estate, and Land Warrants.
MANTORVILK, DOPOB Co., M.
Ha* beon removed
to tho west side of
where may be foind
a good assortment of
Target and Muzzle loading Rifles,
double and single barrel Shot Guns,
Colt''s, Allen's, and the celebrated
E A W E
OLCOSS & J2WSLRT.
A WORK WARRANTED.^3
Red Wing, Nov. 13,1853. 1 lOtf
BUS STREET, noar the Red Wing
All kinds constantly on hand.—
Repairing and Turning dune to order.
Also, all kinds of COFFINS furnished to order
Red Wing, Jan. 1,1659. 127
Lands $1*25 per Acre.JAMES
ORRECT Copicsof Government Maps.show
ins all the unclaimed lands in this, district
furnished at short aoti-e by
SMITH? TOWNE 4 00.
a E a Apent,
I.A.N W A A N S
Reel Wing Minnesota.
fa^-Moncy loaned, Land Warrunts sold or lo
aned on wide. Real Eetate, and Exchagn
bought and sold. May 23, '57
HORACE WILDER EL1T. WILDER.
H. & E. W I E
Bankers & Land Agents:
RED WING, Minnesota Ter.
Money loaned. Exchange & Land Warrants
bought and sold. Land Warrants, or Monev
loaned to pre-emptors, on long or short time,
and on favorable terms.
Hr^ Lands bought and sold oncommission
Red Wing, May, 1857.
E A E S A E OFFICE
E N A O I N MINNESOTA.
E subscriber will buy and sell Lands, lo
cate Land Warrants, enter Government
Lands, select Claims for Settlers desiring to lo
cate on the Half Breed Reservation, pay Taxes
and attend to all business appertaining to his
profession- negotiate Loans for Capitalists up
on unexceptionable real estate security from 20
to 60 per cent. PERRY D. MARTIN.
Central Point. Jan. 1, 1S58. 77
Kelly llonse Saloon,
BASEMEN KELL HOUSE
I S A
DON PEDRO CilJMTAVUS, Prop'r,
3 Keeps the best and only pure Liquors
The very choisest
A A N A CIGARS.
LAGER, and other good things, constantly
on hand. Call and see him. GXJSTAVTJS.
December 8,1853. 122tf
S I O W N E CO..
E W I N MINNESOTA
Will attend to locating tand Warrants pay
ment of taxes, collection of notes, and to the pur
chase and sale of Real Estate thronghont the
Territory. Surveying, Mapping, and Platting
of every kind done t« order by a practical aur
vn-or. Copies of township maps furnished.—
,»iy.dBdrawn and acknowledgements taken.
S*""' bnsincss intrusted to them, will re
c.ivo pi'pxipt attention.
O. SMITH, O W N C. PIERCE
Commonwealth insurance Compj,
Union Building!, Third street,
Chartered Capital, $ 3 0 0 0 0 0
Insure Buildings and other Property,
Against loss or damage by Fire. Also against
Perils of the Sea, Inland Navigation and Trans.
I E O S
«EO. M. LADMAN,
A. B. WAuroao,
W. F. MURBAT,
F. K. BOAS,
JOHN II. BEBRTHILI.,
O I E S
SIMON CAMERON, President.
BENJ. PARKE. Vice President.
S. 8. CARRIER, Secretary.
S. B. FOOT, Agent, Hed Wing, M. T.
JsnuaTy 9.18M. tStf
DIP down upon thenorthern shore,
Oh sweet new yor, delaying long
Thou dost expectmt nature wrong
Delaying long dety no more.
What stays thee fron the clouded noons,
Thy sweetness Iran its proper place
Can trouble live frith April days,
Or sadness in the summer moons
Bring orchis, bringthe foxglove spire,
The little speedwell's darling blue,
Deep tulips dashed withfierydew,
Laburnums, droppingwelU of tire.
Oh thou, new year, dlaying long,
Delayest the SOITOT in my blood,
That longs to burst a frozen bud,
And flood a fresher tkroat with song.
Now fades the last lotg streak of snow
Now burgeons eveiv maze of quick
About the floweringsquares. and thick
By ashon roots the volets blow.
Now rings the woodlind loud and long,
The distance takes lovelier hue,
And drowned in yondtr living blue
The lark becomes a sightless song.
Now dance ihe lights on hwn and lea,
The flocks are whiter down the vale,
And milkier every milky sail
On winding stream and distant sea.
Where now the sea-mew pipes, or dives
In yonder greening gleam, and fly
The happy birds, that change their sky.
To build and brood, that live their lives
From land to land and in my breast
Spring wakens too and my regret
Becomes an April violet,
And buds and blossoms like the rest.
From the Cincinnatti Gazette
A Delightful Blander—How Little Pic
colomini wns Kissed) and what she
thought of it.
During Piccolomini's late sojourn at
the Spencer House, in this city the
following incident occurred through
a mistake, as natural as it must have
Little Pic's peculiarities are well
known, one is as naive Ingenious and
joyous as a child with a new plaything
and while at the Spencer went thro'
the corridors smiling on every one
she met, and embracing the little chil
dren, attracted by her beauty iu the
most charming manner.
A young gentleman, residing in thewhich
northern part of this State—a hand
some, elegant find peaceful fellow—
received a letter last week, from his
sister, who had been attending school
at Kentucky, stating that she would
be on a certain day at the Spencer
House, where two friends of hers were
going, and that she would look for
him to arrive in good season and ac-eyes
company her home.
The brother, Alfred, came at once,
for he had not seen his sister, for
nearly two years, having passed much
of that time in Ne York, and on ar
riving at the House asked for Miss.
•, and the number of her room.
Hoping to surprise her agreeably, he
thought he would go up unannounced,
having learned the floor and the posi
tion of the apartment. Just before he
reached the room he saw his sister
as he supposed, coming out. She was
small and plump, as when he saw her
last, and he thought he would conceal
himself behind the corner of the hall
until she came opposite. did so,
and in another moment a pair of little
feet were falling in pedal music on thean
floor. She was within reach of him.vanity.
Its her, of course, he thought, although
the gathering shadows of the evening
rendered objects somewhat indistinct.
That little head with dark tresses, and
humming of an air—always his sister's
habit—made him confident. He wo'd
hesitate no longer so he extended his
arms, and clasping the diminutive fig
ure before him, and bending down
and imprinting three or four cordial
kisses on one of the most delicious of
mouths, he asked, "Don't you know
your brother, you little rogue?"
The "little rogue" looked blank with
amazement, and then muttering some
thing very sweet, but not intelligible,
slipped out of his half-enclasping arms
and retreated in the direction she had
Alfred now saw he must have made
a mistake and as no one appeared,
he went to Col. Pratt, the senior pro
prietor, to explain the awkward po
sition in which he had been placed,
having no desire to be compelled to
shoot at, or be shot by some genuine
The Colonel, who was well acquaint
ed with Alfred, informed him that he
had mistaken Piccolomini for his sis
For the first time the brother learn
ed that the diminutive divinity was in
the city, and immediately wrote an
apology for what had' occurred, and if
she would not be satisfied he would
return what he had taken.
When this note was translated to
the bewitching Marie, and shfe was as
sured of its sincerity,, she. laughed im
moderately, and laid she bad supposed
RED WING, GOODHUE COUNTY, MISN.. SATURDAY. MABCH 26. 1859. WHOLE NUMBER 138.
perhaps kitising a pretty girl (here she
looked very archly,) on meeting her
was an American custom. It had
frightened her at first, but now she
did not care, for she said in her at
tractive English-Tuscan: "Z kees
did me no harm—indeed it was not so
So this ovulatory adventure termina
ted, but Alfred says he has dreamed
of hybia and honeysucles ever since,
and that the kisses he so fortunately
obtained will fill his future hours with
fragranoe. W should think they
would, for iPccolomini has an angelic
where the honey of sentiment and poe
sy is ever hived. N wonder indeed,
The fragrant infancy of opening flowers,
Flowed to his senses in that melting kiss."
A very rare thing, indeed, is a male
face which looks better if altogether
close shaven. Yet there is here and
there one—a youthful apolloor Byron,
whose absolutely faultless outlines ot
features is marred by any covering or
by any breaking up of the harmonious
Where the beauty of the face con
sists mainly in the fine formation of
the jaw and chin, a man loses by grow
ing his beard over this portion. Bet
ter wear only the moustache.
There is now and then a man whose
severity or sharpness of eye is reliev
ed by a good natured mouth—the an
imal character of th« person being
kindlier than the intellectual—and a
covering of the lips in such a cases, is
ot course a mistaken hiding of nature's
apology, and a needless detriment to
the expression. Better wear only the
A small or receding chin, or a fee
ble jaw may be entirely concealed by a
beard and with great advantage to the
general physiognomy. So may the
opposite defect of too coarse a jaw
bone and too long a chin.
Too straight an upper lip can be
improved by the curve of a well trim
med moustache. So can an upper lip
that is too long from the nose down
wards, or one that is disfigured by the
of some of the upper teeth. Washing
ton in the prime of lire, suffered from
this latter infliction, and (artistically
speaking) his face, as represented to
posterity, would have been relieved
of its only weakness, if he had con
cealed the collapsing of the upper lip
by a military moustache.
A face which is naturally too grave
can be made to look more cheerful by
turning up the moustache—as one
is two trivial and inexpressive
can be made thoughtful by the care
ful sloping of the moustache, with
strong lines, downwards.
The wearing of the whole beard
gives, of course, a more animal look
which is no disadvantage if the eyes
are large and the forehead intellectual
enough to balance it. But where the
are small or sensual* and the fore
head low, the general expression is
better for the smooth chin, which to
the common eye, seems always less
What is commonly called an "impe
rial," (a tuft in the middle of the chin,)
is apt to look like a mere blotch on the
face, or to give it an air of pettiness
or coxcombry. The wearing of the
beard long or short, forked or peaked
are physiognomical advisabililities up
on which man of judgement will
take the advice of an artist as well as
of an intimate friend or two but hav
ing once decided upon the most be
coming model be should stick to ii.
Alteration in the shape of so prominent
a portion of the physiognomy, gives
impression of unrcliablencss and
Middle aged men are apt to be sen
sitive with the incipient turning gray
of the beard. But they are often mis
taken as to its effect. Black hair,
which turns earliest, is not only pic
turesqnely embellished by a sprinkling
of gray, but exceedingly intellectual
ized and made sympathetically express
sive. The greatest possible blunder
is dye such a beard. There is one
complexion, however, of which the
grizzling is so hideous that total sha
ving,dyeing, or any other escape is pre
ferable to "leaving it to nature." W
mean the reddish blonde, of which the
first blanching gives the appearance of
a dirty mat It was meant to be de
scribed, perhaps, by the two lines in
The upper part thereof was whey,
The nether orange mixed with gray."
A white beard is so exceedingly
distinguished that every man whose
hair prematurely turns should be glad
to wear it while for an old man's face
it is so softening a vail, so winning an
embellishment, that it is wonderful
how such an advantage could ever be
thrown away. That old age should
be always Jong bearded, jo be proper
ly veiled and veneraWc, i» ilie reeling,
we are sure, of every lover of nature,
as well as of every cultivated and defer
Youths should be told in time that
the beard grows much more graceful
ly and adapts itself much better to
the face for never having been shaved
while in all beards nascent and downy
left to themselves there is great beau
ty. The yellow tinted and flaxen,
with their flight shadings of darker
gold, are thought the handsomest in
Italy and the East, while in England
and this country, the dark brown and
black are preferred.
Beards are sometimes of so coarse a
texture that they require to grow a
considerable length before a judgment
can be formed as to the best shaping
The very general habit of dyeing
the beard is often est an exceeding
blunder. The peculiar deadness of
the tint makes it deteotable by the
commonest eye, and the lack of all
shading and the consequent abrubt
ness of edge, add to the falsity of its
look. Much the greater portion of
those who dye," would look vastly
better either with their grey beards or
chins closely shaven.
Let us add by the way, that the lift
of the head above the shoulders, so
necessary to a well-bred air, may some
times be interfered with by a beard
worn too bushy and long. The effect
of the beard itself is very often spoil
ed by a standing shirt collar, so worn
as to cut off its outline. Shirt, coat,
and cravat should all leave head and
beard unobstructed to view—particu
larly with persons of short stature.
There are various incidental motives
of course, which, arbitrarily and quite
independent of taste, affect the wear
ing of the beard. Clergymen, tutors,
deacons, bank directors, and under
takers may think it, more or less for
their interest to "shave,"—to satisfy
let us say, however, very unreasona
ble expectations in the eyes for which
they do it! But there is for here and
there a man, a secondary consideration
affecting the natural policy of the
beard. W speak of one whose air
and manner are not sufficiently sub
dued—one whose style requires abat
ing. Beard is an obvious intensifier
to one who is naturally too showy, and
he would de well to propitiate the gen
eral impression by its sacrifice.
The Journal of Commerce has a
very interesting article on the Ichnolo
gv of Massachusetts, as illustrated by
the Geological Cabinet of Amherst
College, and the writings of Prof. Ed
ward Hitchcock, on the fossil foot-prints
found on the slabs of free stone which
he has there collected. The Journal
The visitor finds slabs from three
inches to thirty feet in length, contain
ing often long rows of the tracks made
by animals once alive. The large
slabs, the visitor finds, are generally
placed upon their edges, upon horizon
tal or inclined tables, showing tracks
on both sides the others are seen to
be placed npon the walls, sustained by
strong wires, or disposed in vertical
cases. A a whole they constitute the
ouly Cabinet in the world entirely de
voted to Ichonlogy, (the science of
tracks,) and embraces some of the
finest slabs of tracks ever exhumed
for this Cabinet is located in the vicin
ity of the track deposits, just as its
commanding position overlooks the
valley where the animals that made the
tracks roamed about, and is the work
of Prof, Hitchcock, who has been col
lecting these specimens from time to
time, for more than twenty years, as
he has been gradually unfolding the
science of Ichnology.
In discussing the age of the forma
tion in which these tracks arc found,
the author finds an economical appli
cation. For he proves the rock to be
of the same geological age with the
coal rocks of Eastern Virginia. Hence,
the discovery of coal in workable quan
tity in the Connecticut valley, would
not be an improbable event. This,
however, does not place the formation
in the true coal measures, but in thewhich
equivalent of the Lias of England.
The author next proceeds to state
the principles of Ichnology. He states
what characters of the feet of animals
may be^ regarded as peculiar to their
respective groups, or example, he
states that birds generally have a cer
tain number of joints or phalangs npon
each of their three principal toes
three upon the inner, four upon the
middle, and five upon the outer toe.—
Hence it is affirmed that all tracks hav
ing these characters are ornithic.—
Again, a kangaroo-like animal
large hind feet, small front feet, and a
large tail. All of these would at times
make an impression so that where
we find these characters we may pre
sume the former presence of a marsu
pial animal. Dr. Hitchcock has men
tioned thirty-one such characters, and
has applied them to the fossil foot
Among the largest of these animals,
we notice the birds and kangaroo-like
animals as the most io#«~«*iii,aj xnese
were^thej matters of the Connecticut
valley in oolitic days and the largest
of the birds is the largest bird every
described. The nearest approach is in
the recently extinct birds of Australia,
from ten to twelve feet high, whose
bones have recently been dug up by
English geologists, and a specimen of
whose leg and foot may be found in
the Appleton Cabinet," where it has
been placed for purposes of oompar
PUBLISHER AND PROPRIETOR.
son. In Australia, these two classes,
the gigantic birds and kangaroos, lived
together ay members of the same fauna,
and the kangaroos still remains. Aus
tralia is the land described in the
Journal of Commerce, in its issue of
Nov. 18, 1858, as the land of contraries
where the north is the hot wind,
and the south the cool where tho
swans are black, and the eagles white
where certain quadrupeds have the
bills, feet and spurs of aquatic birds
where the kangaroo has five claws on
his paws, three talons on his hind legs
like a bird, and yet hops on his tail,"
and where our river fishes inhabit the
waters of the ooean, and viee versa."
This report of Dr. Hitchcock shows
us that Ne England was once this
land of contraries, for its inhabitants
?.fere the animals now found in Aus
tralia. The description of the kanga
roo referred to, corresponds precisely
with certain tracks found in this book
—five-clawed paws of the front feet,
the three talons of the hind foot, with
the mark of the tail found upon the
stone, all indicate a similar animal.—
These tracks, with those of the large
birds, make the rescmblanee quite
complete so that we cannot say that
New England was once inhabited by
animals fitted to walk upon an unfin
ished continent, but that Australia is a
land inferior at the present day, in its
progress of development, to all the
rest of the world.
This Connecticut bird, as has been
calculated, must have been 12 feet
high, and have weighed from 500 to
800 pounds for its foot was 18 inches
long, and covered an area of 13 inch
es, and its stride varied from 30 to 60
The "ornithoid lizards or batracMans"
from a group of animals never before
described, being intermediate between
birds and lizards or batracians. The
largest species is distinguished from
the largest bird chiefly by the presence
ot a long, slender tail, which often was
turned from side to side as the animal
The most remarkable of all these
tracks is that of a supposed frog, whose
largest foot measures 20 by 14 inches,
covering an area of about one and a
half square feet. Its front feet are less
than half the size of the hind feet the
hind feet are webbed, and terminated
with pellets instead of claws, and the
mark of a tail is sometimes visible up
on the specimens. Such a frog was
truly immense, and might appropriate
ly be styled the father of croakers.
The description of sc venal species of
tracks formed in the historic period,
presents one interesting addition to
this subject. Among these are the
tracks of man and the conclusion is
certainly fair, that had he existed when
the other animals left their footmarks
upon stone, his would be found among
them. This conclusion is not new, but
corresponds with the whole testimonv
of geology, which can point to no ani
mal created later than man.
There are several conclusions at
which the author arrives. First, the
tracks were made while yet the rocks
containing them were in a plastic siate,
and have since been hardened by heat
and chemical agency. Second, the
tracks were made on the shores of an
estnary, or lake, or river, where ani
mals resorted for food, as they now do.
This estuary extended from Ne
Haven, Ct., to the South line of Ver
mont, along the Cunuecticnt river,
varying in width from 1 to 80 miles.
Third, the a was tropical.
Fourth, an interesting moral conclu
sion we give in the author's language.
"We see, in the preceding details, how
the slightest actions of ours, even the
most unnoticed decisions of our wills,
may make an impression on the globe,
will endure, and may be read a#
long as the earth exists."
N E W MOD E OF REPRODUCING E
GRAVINGS.—M. Victor has pointed out
a mode of reproducing engravings by
means of the vapor of phosphorus.—
When an engraving is exposed to the
yapors of phosphorus,- burning slowly
in the air, the black lines above become
impregnated with them if a sheet of
paper, rendered sensitive by chlorid of
silve* be applied to the prepared en
graving, and image formed of phos
phide of silver is represented on the
paper, after a quarter of an hour's con
tact. This representation, when suf
ficently vigorous, resists the action of
chemical agents diluted with water.—
The best mode of operating is to place
the engraving in a bcx, opposite a card
well rubbed with a stick of phospho
rus it is necessary to rub the card
with phosphorus for each experiment.
The^ action of the phosphorus vapor i»
not interfered with W tH~-r~«—r~-u**m
T/fi» layer of water a centimetre or
more in thickness. If the engraving*
be exposed too long, the print is af
fected generally, and an imperfect im
pression is obtained..
The Slave Ship Witndererh
advertised to be sold at mashal's sale
at Savannah March 12th. It is ru
mored that fifty of the Africans brought
by her have been arrested in the low
er portion of Africa. ,. ,=,