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I S E THURSDAYS
Worthington, Nobles Co., Minn.
Ternw:—Two dollars a year. In advance
One dollar for six months Fifty cento for
The Old Established Paper. Offl
oial paper of the County.
.A. !P. Miller,
Editor and Proprietor.
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Th Mark Lane Exvress says the farm
ers continue to market wheat very sparingly
in spite of the promising appearance of the
grotUngero-s, doubtless In the hope of ob
taining better prices for reduced stocks still
in their hands, should the market rise under
tho influence of a possible war. English wheat
advanced a shilling in many important pro
vincial markets, but the trade has disappoint
ed the London factors, as sales have only been
practically at former rates. Imports of foreign
wheat iuto London have been fair, the bulk of
the supply consisting of American and Rus
sian dcscriptions,npon which milling demand
has principally turned during the lost fort
night. Of Calcutta wheat there is little re
maining in our market. Sellers for future t'e
livery have shown reserve, as this branch of
trade may bo seriously affected by the rise
which will doubtless occur in freight* should
the government continue to charter exten
sively lor transport of troops from In
dia. Maize ruled stenty for sound lots of new
corn, and also forthe limited stocks still re
maining of old, but the demand for cargoes
on passage, and for shipment, was checked by
fears garding their condition upon which
the near approach of warm weather has be
gun to tell, nearly all cargoes that arrived off
const being in a damaged state. There Is
little quotable alteration in values of barley
or oats, but the trade in feeding corn has been
animated and prices eased slightly with mod
erate arrivals at ports of call. The floating
cargo trade for wheat is quiet, and prices de
clined a shilling owing to the fine weather
and more pacific aspect of political affairs.
Mtlze advanced three per cent for perfect
cargoes, which are scarce. Barley steady.
Kvacuatluit unit Helliwmemt.
A special Constantinople telegram
states that in consequence of the peremptory
demands of General Todclbcn for the surrender
of fortresses accompanied by a threat to occu
py Constantinople, the cabinet council have
decided to evacuate all their fortresses, Shum
la first, then Vamat, lastly, Batoum. The de
cision was taken rather suddenly, upon the
report of OsrnaiwPasba that the Turkish army
was not in condition to resist the occupation of
Constantinople. The Times correspondent at
Constantinople says, unusual, the palace was
smitten with terror, and ready to cede any
thing if the Russians would go away from
Constantinople. Gen. Todelben pcremtoiily
urged evacuation, but adroitly ofitred to fall
back if the foitresses were surrendered. The
bait was swallowed and the KubBians have
promised, so my informant assures me, to re
tire to Adrianoplc and Dedrjgtch nnd quit
Eizeroum as soon as three fortresses are evac
uated. The evacuation will begin at once.
There is to be no written convention and all
wore to be settl' by verbal agreement.
Mtritug* Ito nee of Crlnie.
A strange romance ot crime is narrated
at St L01113. Six years ago Julia Leblanc,
daughter of a farmer in Jefl'erson county
Missouri, mystciiously disappeared one cve
mngaud was never again seen alive. Lately
negio, white shooting snipe along the batik
of the Mississippi river, near Point Pleasant,
twenty or thiity miles from tho home of
Leblanc, saw a stray skiff floating down the
6trcam, and on overhauling it found it to con
taina female skeleton,-which proied to be that
the long missing girl. The theory is that she
was enticed from home by a discarded lover,
strangled and placed in the skiff, which was
then securely fastened to the bank of a creek
at a place where the underbrush was so thick
as to effectually hide it that there the boat
itmuiucd until the rauigesof time made the
ropes decay and thus the loosened boat floated
down the cicck and into the Miaai&sippi mer
t'ubfle Lan.-iii In Western States.
The House committee on public lands
ha-.c decided to recommend the passage of
the so-called Ave per zent bill Introduced this
session by Ucpiesetitative Sapp, of Iowa. The
lull provides for pajnient by the general
Ko\cinnieut to the States of Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Mi -lniMn, Wisconsin, Min
nesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Arkansas,
Louisiana, Alabama. Mississippi, Florida, Or
cgon, Nevada acdColorado, live per centum
on locations of military land warrantb therein,
estimating the same at one dollar and twenty
five cento per acre paymont to be made in
treasury certificates running twenty \ears and
bearing intcrost at tho ratj of 3 C5 per cent.
p-„r annum. Several million d-llirs are in
volved. A report against the bill will be pre
sented on behalf of a minority of the com
Hoi'ifh TUurrtnr by a a
A houibl murder occurred at Bangor,
Me., on the 11th inst, which will result in the
dratli of three persons. John K. Scnbner, 36
jears old, llvirg three miles north of that
cil\, while insane attacked hiswife and three
children in the kitchen of the house with a
spade, iustontly killing a girl three years old
and mortally wounding two others, a girl in
fant and a boy aged Ave. After he stiuck the
children the mother snatched up the baby
and fled out of doors, followed bj her husband
who ran thiough the field near by, where
be cut bis own throat with a razor, almost
severing the wind pipe. He was arrested and
taken to jail. lie was formerly a drunkard,
but for two jears has not tasted liquor. He
has shown symptoms of madness, threaten
ing to kill hit wife and children, etc.
Crops I Trim*****.
The crop" and statistical report of the
Tennessee bureau of agriculture is just out.
It states that the ravages of rust threatened
to be very disastrous to wheat, but in the past
ten days the prospect has improved to 6omc
extent, and although a considerable part of
tho crop has been cut off, yeta large increas
ed average will make the yield probably about
three-fourths of an average crop. The fruit
crop is more abundant than for several years,
and com, tobacco and other crops are doing
well. A fifth of the tobneco crop has already
been set out. While tobacco planting is
early, efforts will be directed toward making
a good crop rather than a large one. The
average of cotton is much smaller than that
of last jeur.
Swindlin flunk Officer* Inflicted.
The United States grand jury at N
York, indicted Alex. Barton, ex-coshler of the
Fisbfcill National bank, tried and acquitted
before Judge Benedict some time ago on the
charge of embezzling funds of the bank. The
indictments were for false entries to the
treasurer of the currency, and for perjury.
Luther H. Redfield, president of the Tarry
town National bank, for perjury, and for
making false reports to the comptroller, and
an indictment for murder was found against
Michael Tolier, the West Point soldier who
killed his room-mate a fow months since.
S a S Burnt*
A half past nine o'clock on the morn
inar of the 10th inst., the Shakopee, Minnesota,
mills took lire and burned to the ground, leav
ing nothing but the brick walls. There was
about sixty barrels of flour and all the top run
nd the scales saved. The- engine is not sup
posed to be badly damaged. They lost six
thousand bushels of wheat which was not in
sured. The insurance on the machinery "and
building amounted to-815,000. The mill was
owned by George F.Strait & Co. Cause not
known, but supposed to be a friction of the
Dl«aatr«aa at Kaaaaa aUaa««ata.
O the 10th inst., at Kasson, Dodg
Co. Minnesgja, & fire broke out in the wooded
row on Main street, between Perry block and
J. Leuthold's store, and in a very few minutes
the whole row, consisting of five stores,
one mass of flames, and in leas than an hour
they were flat to the ground. Our firemen
and citizens worked like fiends to save the
brick blocks each side of the burning row, and
by almost superhuman efforts, they were
successful. The losers are J. Leuthold, build
ing aud clothing, 4,000 insured for $1,000.
Holtmau, building, household goods, silver
ware and coin, $5,000 Insured for $1,000. Wil
son Bros., general merchandise, loss $6,000
Insured for $2,250. A. E. Anderson, general
merchandise, $8,000 insured for $5,000. Mar
tinbrouk, building, $3,000 no insurance.
Welch, building, $1,000 insure! for $3,C0.
Henry George, harness maker, loss $500, no
insurance. John White, $500 fully insured.
J. Leuthold saved a greater part of hlsclothing
stock. Wilson Bros, saved but a small
amount of their stock, and A. Anderson
3ton*y far a a a aalMlsm*
Th bill introduced in the House by Mr.
Schleicher, authorizes the secretary of the
treasury to issue in sums, not exceeding an
aggregate of $40,000,00 •, coupons or register,
ed perpetual bonds, redeemable only by pur
chase in open market, interest payable semi
annually in coin of the present standard
value, at the ra'e of 4 per cent, per annum,
their proceeds to be applied to the purpose
of crectiug public buildings for use of the
government. The bill appropriates for public
buildings at Atlanta, Ga., $100,000 Chicago,
$150,000 Cincinnati, $3,250,000 Evansville,
$30,000 Grand Rapids, Mich., $50,000 Little
Rock, $159,000 Memphis, $100,000 Nashville,
$250,000 St. Lou's, $1,600,000 state, war and
navy departments building, Washington, $5,
000,000. The 1)111 also makes provisions for
an extension of the Habrary of Congress, and
an appropriation of $400,000 for the building
for the bureau of engraving and printing.
I S Likely t» be TraablMaa.e.
Frank Greenard, Gen. Crook's chief
scout and guide, with a detail of eleven men
rom the Fifth cavalry, arrived at Deadwood
T., on the 7th inst. They came out from
Fort McKinny, in quest of a gang of horse
hicves whom they tracked to within 40 miles
ofthat place,where the trail was lost. Greenard
states that informations was gained from
straggling bands of friendly Indians to the
effect that a portion of Sitting Bull's band
had crossed over the line into the ynited
States, and thought it very likely that the In
dians would be very troublesome during the
coming summer on the upper Missouri.
Xbr Fenia Flnrry.
The Toronto Leader says that private
information from Buffalo amply confirms the
truth of reports as to the Fenian organizations
in that city, although the extent of the prep
arations has been greatly exaggerated as well
as the number of men encaged in the business,
and calls upon the government to strength
en the defence of the frontier. It says that
under the pretense of economy the militia
have been stan ed, the defences of the coast
and of the lakes utterly neglected, and thcro
not only exists a minimum of protection,but an
actual temptation to raiders to try their luck.
The stockholders of the Sagamore
Mills, Fall River, Mass., have voted to put the
hing into bankruptcy, after considering the
statement of irregularities of the late treasur-'
er, George T. Hathaway. The statement
shows the assets of the corporation to be
$665,471 book liabilities, $716,435 deficiency
in account, owing to appropriations of cash
by Hathaway, $60,976 notes outstanding not
appearing on the books, ?138,O0O, and more to
come. The indebtedness shown by the books
Is $309,272, to which must be added $1$/M)
of bogus paper.
Opposition to Kws'la fncrea»ln:r.
A dispatch from Pera says petitions
and protests arereaching the Porte, and em
bassies from all sides against the territorial
arrangements of the treaty of San Stcfano.
One from Sandjak, of Varna, declares that the
inhabitants will resist by force Russian occu-
PlilintlFlphta'a Permanen rzalbtfloai
The Philadelphia Permanent Exhibi
tion, which has been closed for some time to
allow of thorough renovation, was reopened
to the public on the lOthinst. Senators Blaine,
Bayard aud Wallace were present and were
met and escorted to the platform by the recep
tion committee. Colonel A. K. McClure made
a short address, concluding by introducing
Senator Blaine as the orator of the day, and
the latter made an eloquent address.
Marra a Vhlajea* aTaanlH*.
A correspondent of the evening Post,
writing from Tokio under date of April 5th,
sends the following: The famine in the north
of China rages with increasing servity and
most dreadful reports come from the afflicted
regions. In one town a man opened a shop
for the sale of human flesh and did a good
business in connibalitic joints and roasts until
the local mandarin caused the shop keeper to
be arrested and beheaded.
There is some basis for tho reported
Fenian movement. At Syracusea N. Y.,
probably 259 men are engaged in it, claiming
connectioa with a general movement along
the frontier. Seme money has been raised
and men armed with pistols. They say they
await orders from O'Neil. The better class of
Irish citizens, however, give no sympathy to
Starvin Caal JKlacra a Iliiuola.
The coal miners of St. Clair and Madi
son counties, 111., opposite St. Louis.Mo., have
published an appeal asking for pro*isions
to keep their farailiei from starving. They say
they have been working forone cent to 1%
cents per bushel, at which they cannot make
more than $4 to $5 a wcek.a sum totally Insuf
ficient to support them.
A dispatch from Constantinople, says:
Gen. Todleben is about to retire to the lines
of Tchotaldja, leaving a small force at San
Stefano. The Russians offer to fall back be
hind a straight line drawn between Dedcgatoh
and Adrianople, if the British fleet will with
draw at the same time.
Milwaukee Froduco Market.
OBAIN—Whea opened unsettled lower,
UBAIH—Wheat opened. unsettle*j
?B?^?"i**,»B*« nrmer No. I I
1 W S
»r« i»* »"»«•»»•»•»•*, with fair demand
Xfcr *L*C5 new 39@4©c. Oats easier No. 9,
1 W to
Barley firm No.
S V°* doll
Chicago Produca Market.
scare No. 1 Chiesgo, $1 0914311M eash and
May 1.07®1 WA June 1M* Jio 5o af Chi
cago 1.05. Corn unsettled and lower SStt&SSo
cash and June 38X« July rejected 36c. OsUdtdl.
weak and lower, 9Se& casta and July. Bye dun and
lower, 80c. Barley good demand, and a ahade' high
PBOVI8ION8—Pork dull, weak and lower, at
$8.80 cash 8.57H@8.60 June, 8.77ft July. Lard
dun, and prioea a ahade lower $6.90®6.9att cash
95 Jane ?.00®7.2Vi July. Bulk meats steady
Mew York Produce Market.
GRAIN—Wheat, receipts 221,000 No. 9, spring
$1.31®1 31K-.No 3, Milwaukee 1.23 No 1 spring
email@example.com No. 2 red winter $1 30@1.S2. Byo
steady, Western 71I&72H. Barley dull. Malt dull
and nominal. Cora heavy receipt* 189,000 bushels
No 3,484a49c steam 80©50H No.9,52®52/, No.
2whit«43Kc. Oata flrurareceipU 35,000 rejected
33ft No. 3 white 34V4 No. 2,3SHQ38 mixed 31®
S5H white 33«3BK. i»
PBOTI8ION8-Pork quiet. Beef dull and un
changed. Cut meats, long clear middles 6c. Lard,
prims steam $7 17HQ7.90. Cheese quiet
0 N E S S 1 0 N A
S E N A E Ma 7th.—The house bill for
bidding further* retirement ef legal tenders
was given a second reading by a vote ef 33 to
35. Mr. Howe, from the committee on foreign
rel itions, reported a substitute for the senate
ioint resolution on Chinese immigration. A
large part of the remainder of the day was
taken up In discussion of the pension appro
O S E, a 7.—After some skirmish
ing over amendments, the District of Col
umbia government bill was passed. Mr.
Wood moved to go into committee of the
whole on the tariff bill, and after several votes
being taken the motion was carried by a bare
majority. Mr. Banks took the floor and spoke
against the bill of considerable length. At
the conclusion at his remarks the committee
rose. The bill relating to distribution of the
revised statutes was passed. Mr Butler in
troduced a bill to provide for a tariff commi
sion, and the house adjourned.
S E N A E Ma 8.— Th bi'l to prohibi
the retirement of legal-tender notes, was re
ferred to the committee on finance. A bit
making the distribution of arms under the
bill of July '76, 500 stands to "each Territory
as well as State, passed. The Senate then
took up the Indian appropriation bill. A
motion to strike out the clause providing for
the removal ol the Ncz Pcrces Indians from
Lea\ en worth to Indian Terriiory.was rejected.
Other amendments to the bill were agreed to.
Without final action, the senate adjourned.
O S E, Ma 8.—A committee on cen
sus WHS appointed with Cox, of New York, as
chairman. The elections committee reported
on the South Carolina contested election cases
that the sitting members were entitled to
their seals. The house then went into com
mittee of the whole on the tarifl bill. A mo.
tion to limit debate to two hours was rejected
and speeches »ere made by Mr. Tucker and
S E N A E, Ma 0th.—The committee on
printing reported the house bill to print 300,
0(10 copies of the report of the commissioner
of agriculture, with an amendment reducing
the number to 200.000. The senate went into
seeret session on the Mexican award bill. It
as amended by directing that the claims of
Benjamiu Weill and the Fabra Mining com
pany should not be paid forsix months, and
that in the meantime the president should in
^e3tigate their justice, anu passed, 'the Indian
appropiatiun bill then came np, aud after the
adoption of some amendments, passed. The
bill to regulate the letting of mail contracts
passed. The bill to repeal the bankrupt law
then came up.
O S E, May 9.—The joint resolution
for the enforcement of the eight hour law in
the executive department was passed. The
bjll to regulate inter-State commerce was
discut»cd and made the speci-il order for
Saturday. TheHouse then went into com
mittee of the whole on the tarifl bill, and was
addressed by Messrs. Kelley aud Harris, of
S E N A E Ma 10.—The House joint
resolution authorizing the expenditure of
money to strengthen the foundation of the
Washington monument was passed. Consid
eration of the bill to repeal the bankrupt law
was resumed, and Mr. Thurman's amend
ment fixing the date of repeal on Sept. 1,1878,
instead of Jan. 1, 1879, agreed to. The bill
was then passed by a vote of 28 to 21. The
post-office appropriation bill was called up
and went over as uufiuished business. After
transacting some further business the Senate
held an executive session and adjourned un
O S E, Ma 10.—Mr. "Wood introduced
a bill providing for the return of excessive
customs deposits to importers. A bill intro
duced by Mr. Dunnell, relating to notices of
content in land ca^es, was passed. Committee
reports were uceived and laid over for cousid.
eralion. The house then went into committee
of the whole on the William and Mary college
claim, and a long and heated discussion en
sued, which culminated in an undignrfickpas
sage betwetn Mrs. White, of Pennsylvania,
and Tucker. When the committee rose, the
bill was recommended and passed. Mr, Dur
ham introduced a bill regulating salries of
L'uittd States district attorneys. The house
then adjourru d.
S E N A E, May 13th.—Mr. Johnson intro
duced a bill for "the adoption of the Moffctt
punch system In the District of Columbia. At
the expliation of the morning hour the post
office appropriation bill was taken up.
O S E May 13.—Mr. Laphan offered a
joint resolution authorizing the President to
pation of the fortress, mother from Batoum
makes direct appeal to England, and reports Increase the army by the enlistment of volun
titnra fli.rlnrr Ilie •a#.Aesa t\t /"'.-..» .rvnaa It
tlut the Russians are advancing towards the
town. Information comes from the
Dobrudscha that a rising in that direction is
tcers durintv tha reces of Congress, if such
action should be required for the defense of
the frontier. Mr. Potter as a question of priv
Icge, presented a preamble and resolution di
recting the appointment of .1 sclent committee
to investigate the election frauds in Florida
and Louisiana. The reception of the resolu
tion was opposed by Messrs. Conger, Garfield
and others upou the ground that it was
not properly a privileged question. The
chair decided to receive the resolution, from
which dechion Mr. Conger took an appeal.
The appeal was tabled by nearly a strict party
vote. Other points of order were raised.whh
the speaker overruled. Mr. Hale sskei ea' 0
to offer au amendment, to include Mississipi 1
and Oregon in the investigation, but Mr.
Potter refused to allow it. After this matter
was disposed of the Republicans filibustered
to pi event the adoption of the resolution, and
the house adjourned without disposing of it
A Stree Ca Scene
I want to know if this is a steam in
ju or a boss car?" yelled a woman willi
a yellow complexion like an old boot,
she booked the conductor in the coat col
lar with the handle of her umbrella and
pulled him back with a jerk that came
very near stretching him out on the hay.
Realy, mum I don't understand you,'*
stammsred the young man.
on don't, heh? N II I be bound
yon don't but if you don't stop this car,
and that mighty suddent, too, I'll give
you a taste of this umbrcll over your
wooden head that yon will understand
Here I've been motionm' to you an
shaKin' my fist at you lor the last two
minutes, but there you stand grinnin'
like a cheesy-cat at the gals on the side
walk and never onst shyin' your eyes
around -to see how your passengers is
comin' OL\ There now, help me out
ffith my baskets, am
VOLUME VI. WORTHINGTON, NOBLES COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1878,
look sharp about
it. You've carried me five blocks fur
der'n I wanted to go and I want you to
tell the man that runs lhat car comin'
yonder, to pass me back free. I'm a
patient woman, and never say much, but
I've got lots ot influence, young a
for my man isJireman in a printin' office
down town—and if you "know which
side your bread has the butter on you'll
attend to busness a little sharper the
next time I'm aboord. That's al].
hear me?"'—Cincinnati BreaJifaat Table.
Potted Pigeons.—After cleaning and
washing the pigeons, put a very little a
terin a kettle and put in the pigeons let
them simmer gently until tender then
remove the pigeons, keeping them hot,
and if there is not enough gravy in the
kettle, add a little morewater put in a
piece of butter large as an egg, salt, pep
pep, and sweet marjoram .let all these
boiltogether thicken with a little dust
in of flour: then put back the pigeons,
and let all boil for a few minutes so as to
season them have some pie-crust cut into
diamonds, put them around the edge of a
platter, and pour birds and gravy in the
The veterans of the old First Minnesota
are to hold their annual reunion in Mankato
on the 19th and 20th of June. Arrange
ments are making for a reduction of rail
The Worthington Advance
A FEARFUL TRAGEDY.
A a a Vroaa the Criminal History
Amon the numerous moss-grown old
tombstones in the grave-yard of Wil-
liamsburg, a is one which bears the fol-
Sacred to the memory of
Who died a 1. the age of twenty-five with her
two infant daughters, by her own husband.
She was fair to look upon, pure as snow, aud
beloved by all who knew her. Divine"
Providence alone knows why she had
to perish 60 miserably.
This epitaph some of the words of
which are haidly legible any longer, is
the only record left of one of the most
terrible domestic tragedies that ever took
plaee in the Ol Dominion.
It was in 1798 that John Semphill, a
young man, who said he was from* Santa
Cruzj in in West Indies, arrived at
Williamsburg, and settled tncra as a to
bacco planter. bad plenty of money
and w&) ablo to purchase about one
thousand acres of the finest soil within a
short distance of the old town.
Being apparently a gentleman in eveiy
sense ot the word, Mr. Semphill was ad
mittc 1 to the bust society in his new
home, and a year later he was married to
A BEAUTIFU HEIRESS,
the wedding festivities being celebrated
with extraordinary pomp and splendor.
In course of time two daughters were
born to the young couple, and every
body predicted a long career of cloudless
happiness for them.
Alas! terribly these bright an
ticipations were to be disappointed. It
was on Christmas eve, in 1801, that a
strange-looking man, in a sort of military
uniiorm. appeared at the house of Mr.
Semphill. who was in Richmond at the
time. Mrs. Semphill received the
stranger in the parlor.
you speak French, madam
said to her in very broken English.
She uttered a heart rending scream
you tell me the truth?' she
is a Spanish thiet^ and was sent to
the galleys of Baicelona fcr life.
made his escape fiom llieuce, and fled to
Cuba, where lie :ol»bed and murdered a
rich planter. I am here to take him to
Cuba, where the tcaffjld surely awaits
The afflicted lady had become strange
Sir," she said to the strangnr," before
you arrebt him, will you peimit me to
hold a private inteiview with—with—
Hi *rue name is Juan Cefirio. If
you wiil *ct rr." remain in an adjoining
room untu Lc returns Irom Richmond
where htj has gone, I understand,
may see him privately.''
I expect him back every moment."
Half an hour latter, CtSrio, alias Sem
made his appeara^e Hi wife
riefl told him every thing.
A I A E VGE.
shot her through the heart, and
rushed out of tho room to the nursery,
where he stabbed his two little daughters.
The next moment the Cuban officer,
who had rushed after him, grappled with
him, ar.d succeeded, after a desperate
struggle, in shackliag him.
The of this horrible tragedy
spread like wildfire through the old town,
and in less than twenty minutes a large
concourse of people had gathered in front
of Semphill, alias Cefirio's house
ciierous threats to 1 nch the mur
derer were made, and the Deputy Sheriffs,
who were proptly on hand to arrest him
had the utmost difficulty in taking him
to jail, where he was chained to the floor,
having threaten! to commit suicide.
The villain was hung on tho 17th of
I Kille Her
I am no teller of stories, says Haz'itt
yet there is one belonging to Bnrlcigh
House of which I happen to know some of
the particulars. Th elate EsrI of Exeter
was divorced from his wife, a woman of
foshion and of somew hat more gayety of
manners than "lords who love their
ladies" like. determined to seek a
sccand in an humble spheie of life, and
that it should be one who, having no
knowledge of his rank, should love him
for himself alone. Fo this purpose he
went and settletl incognito, uncier the
name of Mr. Jones, at Honet, an obscure
village in Shropshire. made over
tures to one or two damsels in the neigh
borhood,-but they were too knowing to
be taki*n in by him Hi manners were
not boorish bis mode of life was retired
it was odd how he got his livelihood and
at last he began to be thought a highway
man. In this dilemma ho turned to Miss
Hoggins, the eldest drughter of a small
farmer at-wnose house he lodged.
Miss Hoggins, it would seem, had not
been used to romp with the village
clowns there was something in the .man
ner of there quiet but eccentric guest
which Bhe liked. Having inspired her
with that kind of regard which he wish
ed tor, he made honorable proposals to
her, and at the end ot some months they
were married, without his letiing her
know who he was They sat off in a
postchaiss from her father's bouse and
traveled across the country. I this
manner they arrived at Stamford, and
passed through (he Iowa without stopp
ing till they came to the entrance of Bu
leigh Park, which is on the outside ot it.
The gate flew open, and the cbaiss drove
down the long avenue of trees, that led
up to tbc front of this fine old mansion.
As they drew near to it, and she seemed
surprised at where they were going, her
Well, my dear, this is Burleigh
House it is the house I promised to
bring you to and you are the Countess of
It is said that the -shock of this dis
covery was too much for the young crea
ture, and that she never recovered from
it. It was a sensation worthy dying for.
I never wish to have been a lord but
when I think of this story.
Sunday school teacher—Who was the
strongest man? Boy—Jonah because
the whale couldn't hold him after he got
Bock of Ages.
F. L. STANTON.
"Bock of Ages deft for me.
Let me hide myself in thet\"
Sane the lady, toft and low,
Ami her voice's gentle flow
Rosa upou the evening air
With thut sweet and solemn prayer
"Bock of Ages cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in thee!"
Yet she sang as oft she had
When her heart was gay aud glad,
Sang because she felt alone,
Sang because her soul had grown
Weary with the tedious day
Sang to while the hours awav,
"Rock of Ages, cleft for me.
Let me hide myself in thee!"
Where the fitful gaslight falls
On her father's massive walls.
On the chill and silent street
Where the lights and shadows meet,
There the lady's voice was heard.
As the breath of night w««s stirred
With her tones so sweet and clear,
Wafting up to God that orayer
*Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
.Let me hide myself in thee!"
Wandering, homeless thro' the night,
Praying for the morning light,
Pale and haggard, wan and weak.
With sunken eye and hollow cheek
Went a woman, one whose life
Had been wiecked in sin and strife
One, a lost and only child,
One by sin and shame defiled
And her heart with sorrow wrung,
Heard the ludv.when she sung,
'•Kot.k of Agi««, cleltfor me.
She replied in the affirmative.
Then, madam, please send your two
nurse-girls with the childien out of the
She Hid so,and looked interrogatingly at
her visitor. Th latter hesitated a
uicnt. Then he said in a tone ol deep
Poor lady, I have terrible tidings for
Heavens!" she cried: turning very
Your husband is-an
Sir!"'she exclaimed, indignantly.
lias basely deceived you. is au
escaped gailey-slave, a thief" and am
Let mo hide mvsclf in thee!"
Pausing, low her head she bent,
And the music as it went
Pierced her blackened soul, and brought
Back to her (jn lost in thought
Treinbl ngiyshe stood) the past,
And the burning tears fell fast.
As she called to mind the dajs
When she walked in virtue's ways
When she sang that very song
With no tseiifcc of sin or wrong
"Rook, of Ages, cleft for inc.
Let me hide myself in thee!"j
Oi the maible steps she knelt,
And her BOUI that moment frit
More than she could speak, as there
Quivering, mo\ed her lips in prajtr,
And the God she had forgot
Smiled upon her lonely lot
Heard her as she murmured oft.
With an accent sweet and soft,
'•Rock of Ages, cleft for me.
Let me hide myself in thee!"
Little knew the lady fair,
As she hung in silence theic,
That her voice b.id pierced a soul
lha had lived 'neath sin's control'
Little knew, when she had done.
That a lost and erring one
Heard her—as she breathed that strain—
And returned to God again!
ALL ABOUT WEDDIN FEES
Clergymen Who Receive as Much as $3,000
a Year for Tying the Nuptial Knot—The
Districts in Which the Big Fees are Paid.
[New York Sun.)
In New York, where marriages form a
very important part of the clergy's functions,
wedding fees are looked after with especial
solicitude. If a clergyman be popular, ge
nial, and of good social standing, his fees
often form a large item of his income. The
cream of the marriages in hiyh life nsually
fall to the share of the Protestant Episcopal
and Presbyterian ministers, since those two
denominations embrace the wealthi
est part of the church-going com
munity. The Episcopal marriage service,
with its ring accompaniment, fine music, and
pootic and historic attractions, is generally
preferred by those who desire to be wedded in
style, and to start in life under fashionable
anspices. The rectors of this denomina
tion's hundred or more churches probably
reap a larger revenue in this respect than
those of any other denomination, with one
possible exception. Fees of $20, §50, and
$100 are not uncommon, while on occasions
where the Bishop or some other dignitary of
the church is called in, they reach $500. In
the poorer parishes on tho cast and west
sides the amount shrinks to $7. $5, and
even §2. As a rule, well-to-do Episcopa
lians pay larger fees than others.
Next to the Episcopalians this respect
come the Catholics. Strictly speaking, priests
are forbidden to take money for such ser
vices—that is. they are requested not to sell
the sacrament—but custom sanctions a gratu
ity or offering, the size of which is according
to the ability of tho giver. As a class Catho
lics are more prompt and liberal than the av
erage of Protestants. Ten dollars is the sum
oidinarily given. Even poor mechanics pay
as high as $5. Where the parties are evi
dently too poor to meet such an expense,
the priest often declines taking anything.
After the Catholics are Methodists, Baptists,
Congregationalists, and other Protestant de
nominations in the order of their numbers
and wealth. Fees of $5, $10 and $2 0 are
those most commonly given, tm?latter being
the limit usually reached by tho well-to-do
but not wealthy class.
Hebrews contribute liberally, and a rabbi
with au average congregation rarely gets
less than $10 or $20, and often $50, $100,
The largest fees are paid in the district
bounded on the east of Fourth avenue, on
the south by Fourteenth street, on the west
by Sixth avenue, and on the north by Cen
tral park. In this narrow strip, more than
two miles long, by a third of a mile wide, a
fee of $50 is considered ordinary, and one
of $100 "from fair to middling." In wed
dings attended by great eclat the amount
sometimes reaches $500, though this is only
when a bishop or cardinal is called in.
Tho wealthy dwellers about Gramercy
park are very good payers, as .are those of
Second avenue, from Eighth street to Twen
tieth, while the long and solid blocks of
brown stone about Stnyvesant square are
highly remunerative to the neighboring pas
More fees are paid on the east side than
on the west side, and more north of Four
teenth street than south of it. It is a little
singular that the proportionate size of the
see decreases on an average ratio with the
wealth of the contracting parties. Thus a
man with $10,000 would rarely think of
tendering less than $10 while a man worth
$500,000 would consider $100 ample. A
clergyman of twenty years' experience thinks
that one per cent, of the groom's income
would be a fair amount. A man in receipt
,of $1,000 per year is willing to pay $10, but
one with five times as much would decidedly
object to giving $50.
But many persons get married without
paying any fee. An Episcopal lector on the
east side says that in ten* years of ministry
he has married over one hundred couples,
many of them well to do. and some even
wealthy, who have not paid him one cent.
In a number of instances the parties have
called in carriages, with the usual accom
paniments of silks, bouquets, and costly at
tire, beeu pronounced man and wife, and
gone away without leaving the pastoral
treasury one cent the richer. In one case
the groom was a man of exceedingly fash
ionable appearance, with wealthy con
nections, and of acknowledged social
standing. The rector and the de
faulting groom still meet frequently
in society, but not a suspicion seems to dawn
across the mind of the latter that he is still
bis pastor's debtor. A Roman Catholic
clergyman in one of the moat populous par
ishes, says that he has married hundreds of
couples who gav« him nothing, although' a
large proportion of them were evidently
able to pay handsomely. Some of them
promised to "call and settle in a few days
others excused themselves by saying they
"had no change with them and still others
walked off without a word of explanation.
The rabbi of a prosperous synagogno said
that he meets almost every day well dressed
young men whom he has married, and who
have not paid.
Clergymen of all denominations are unan-
imous in saying that a very large percent
age of persons who marry never pay any
fee at all. Sometimes these sins of omis
sion are beyond the reach of the bridegroom.
Too often the handsome sum he has allotted
for that purpose is pocketed by the perfidi
ous best man who stands np with him. A
wealthy young gent eman, the son of a mer
chant belonging to a fashionable congrega
tion up town, was married by his pastor.
Before the ceremony the groom confided
to the keeping of the groomsman a richly
knit silk purse containing ten shining
gold eagles, to be handed to the clergy
man at the close of the service. Instead
of doing this, however, the groomsman
coolly pocketed the purse, and gave to the
pastor in its stead a $ 5 note. The grieved
and astonished dominie was too proud to
say anything at the time, but when, on the
next day, his butcher informed him that the
bill was counterfeit, his patience was ex
hausted. enclosed the note to the sup
posed offender, accompanied by a few scath
ing lines. The prompt detection and ex
posure of the offender, and the replacement
the original gratuity by one equally
handsome, followed as a matter of course.
Some ohurches are more popular than oth
ers. Trinity church, for years after its com
pletion, was a favorite resort of blushing
brides and their grooms. People used to
come frcm other States to be married at
Trinity. Wedding parties intending to make
the tour of Europe- went there because of its
convenience. Its location, its size, and the
impressive memories associated with it, as
one of the oldest and wealthiest churches in
the country, long made it a favorite wedding
center, and it is still patronized largely for
that purpose. Trinity chapel, in West
Twenty-fifth street, is a fashionable place for
weddings, and its services aro almost
constantly in requisition. Of the
churches on Murray Hill, S Thomas,
at Fifty-second street, is considered
the most aristocratic. The wed
ding fees paid here are reputed to be the
largest in amount of any church in the city.
Dr. Howard Crosby's, on Fourth avenue
and Twenty-second street, is another favor
One of the assistant ministers of Trinity
church at one time used to average from
two to five marriages a day, while a popular
rabbi np town has officiated at nearly 1,000
A clergyman of this city who was called
upon to many the son of one of his thrift
iest members, was astonished at receiving no
fee. Six months afterward the heart of the
disappointed pastor was gladdened by the
sight of a bag of the finest Mocha coffee,
which the member—a grocer—sent as a sub
stitute. Soon afterward a second son of the
grocer was married, and, after waiting the
same length of time, two bags of Mocha ap
peared. The legend does not relate whether
the grocer had many sons if he had, his
pastor would soon have been able to com
pete with him in business.
One day a couple who called at Trinity
had no ring. The minister told the groom
that if he didn't have one of gold a silver
one would do. But the groom didn't have
oven that, and after scurrying around the
'neighborhood in search of something within
his means, came back with a brass one, and
was married with it.
The genial chaplain of one of our crack
city regiments tells the following: "I was
once called on to marry a fine, hearty young
German, and his fraulein, a pretty, blue-eyed
little thing, so shy and modest that she
could hardly speak. When I got through
the husband asked me bow much it was.
'"Give me.' I said, 'as much as you love
He looked tenderly down into the blush
ing, appealing face that nestled alongside of
him. and then, diving his big, burly fist in
to his pocket, brought it out running over
with silver and gold. It was a large fee, bnt
he assured me that he could afford it, and,
not to hurt his feelings, I took it."
A former clergyman ef the Trinity church
was importuned by an Irish laborer and his
sweetheart, who wanted to be married. They
were too poor to pay a fee they said, but they
would remember him with thankfulness to
the last day of their lives. Ascertaining that
there was no impediment the doctor per
formed tho ceremony, whereupon the thrifty
groom asked "his riverauce*' lor the trifling
loan of half a dollar to get a night's
An east side clergyman had a bride and
groom who were poor and proud. When the
service was over, the bridegroom indignant
ly refused to be married gratis, and insisted
on fishing fifty cents in pennies and five
cent pieces out of his pocket. The grooms
man, not to be outdone in liberality, added
another fifty cents from his own Store.
Besides the clergyman's fee, it is usual in
fasbionatle churches to give a fee to the
sexton for opening the church. In Trinity
and Trinity Chapel, this is $5, but in some
of the fashionable churches the incidental ex
penses amount to $40 or $50. When Catholics
marry Protestants, a dispensation has to be
procured from the Pope. Authority is given
to the bishop to grant these dispensations as
he sees fit, and a fee of $5, erroneously called
a "dispensation fee," is paid to the clerks of
the chancery office on their furnishing the
Justices of the peace charge anywhere
from seventy-five cents to $5 Mayor Hall
used to charge $ 2 for performing marriages
in the city hall, the money going to the
clerks and hangers-on to diink the bride's
health. Mayor Havemeyer usually pocketed
his fees, and insisted on kissing the bride
in tho bargain.
Three or four years ago an English
scientific man made a series ofexperi
mente with a view of 'settling the long
mooted question as to whether or not the
beasts that perish will take kindly to al
coholic drinks and sink at last into the
drunkard's grave in melancholy and dis
honor. selected for his subjects the
quiet household of a had
never done him any harm and in which
there was no hereditary tendency toward
the bottle the master of the house
hold the tempter came at first with ale
and light wines, and gradually led him
on step by step, till at last nothing would
satisfy his aroused appetite bu* the best
old Hennessey, varied with guzzlings of
Scotch whisky. Th hens, too, took
kindly to their compotations, though not
so eagerly as the cock did and ere long
that once happv homo was like the resi
dence of the la Mr. James Latimer,
whose career has We so vividly rirawn
by the great master, Mr. S. Arthur.
The comb and wattles of the father
swelled and grew purple like a tippler's
nose his eyes became blear and blood
shot his whole being was changed he
quarreled with his wives and beat them
over the head with his spurs, and in
their turn the wives grew reckless, cross
and dumpish, and neglected their broods
The old gentlemen would go to loost at
all odd hours of day and night, and prcs
ently fell from his perch. would
crow in the most absured and unreason
able way get his legs tangled together,
flap one wing when he meut to flap both,
refuse his meals, and at last he tell a
victim of the demon of rum by dying in
the delirium tremens, in wbich he seemed
to see a great fox, with eyes of fire and
teeth of carving knives, ravening at his
nest side and ready to psuncc upon and
devour him. 'Twas a sad ending,Hut it
satisfied the demon siencj that men
are not alone in their love for the intoxi
This taste is not confined to tho verte
brates. Sir John iUbbock bus shown
that insects have it—indeed, are nt flics
perpetual inmates of bar-rooms? Sir
John brought ruin and death to ants in a
drunken brawl. placed alcohol with
in reach' of some industrious workers, a&d
soon they fond that they needed it to
stimulate them for the accomplishment
of their heavy task?. Life took on a new*
color as they quaffed trouble fled away,
and presently they did not care for any
thing. When they were nearly helpless
and stupid. Sir John meanly placed them
in a nest where they belonged, and soon
there was such a time as the parrot had
with the monkey. Signs of the greatest
excitement in the hill were seen, and anon
the battle raged upon the plain. Th
drunkards fought as well as they could,
but they were no match for the total
abstainers they could not stand straight
or bite to any purpose the demon had
mounted to their sraugli and stolen .away
their ability. Their heads and legs were
bitten off, and a large number of them
were dragged to a puddle near by and
ignominiously drowned as an example to
the young, and a warning of what they
would have to expect if they should ever
yield to the temptation of wine, whisk
Wife, Children, and Friends.
BV WILLIAM ROBERT SPENCER.
When the black-lettered list to the gods was
(The list of what fate for each mortal in
At the long string of ills a kind goddess re
And slipped in three blcssiBgs,—wife, child
In vain'surely Pluto maintained he was cheat
For justice divine could not compass Its
The scheme of man's penance he swore was
For eaith becomes hca\ en with—wife, child,
rcn and friends.
The day-spring of youths-still unclouded by
Alone on itself for enjoyment depends:
But drear is the twilight of age if it borrow
No warmth from the eraile of—wife children
A LAK E VOYAGE.
A'oUa vf a Trip from' Dttlutlt to 1'iince
ArtJi ur's Landing.
PRINCE''ABTHUE'S LANDING, Ont April 28,
1878.—Shades of a London fog, thick
enough to cut, a drizzly, dripping rain, cold
and disagreeable, greeted me in the city of
the unsalted sea. I the evening it had not
lifted. Stumbling, and groping my way over
rotten logs, trestles and heaps of debris,
through pools of splashing water and Egyp
tian darkness, I searched for the north shore
boat, expecting each moment to be my last,
and wondering what kind of an item I might
possibly make, I, at length, found myself on
the gang-plank of the Manistee. The morn
ing broke bright and beautiful, the water
sparkled and danced in the bright sunlight,
as the ve&sel
"Walked the waters like a thing of life."
The air was balmy and sweet as spring.
Passing the Bed Cliff Indian agency, we
reached Bayfield at noon. Of the inhabit
ants, it may be said, "when they are not fish
ing, they are mending their nets." Fishing
is their chief, I may say, only industry. The
town has a "scaly" look. Opposite and to
the east, we make the little town of a
Pointe, noteckfor being the oldest mission
on the lake. In the little French Catholic
church is a genuine Michael Angelo, depos
ited there years ago by some of the earlier
priests. The subject of the painting I did
not learn. Ashland, the northern terminus
of the Wisconsin Central railway, is our
next stop—a dull, dark town, with a back
ground of scrubby pine. Leaving her. the
night air becomes much colder, a storm
of snow, sleet and hail sets in. At 4 A. M.
of the following morning, we are at Ontan
agon. I crawled ont of my bed long enough
to get a glimpse of tho town. Owing to the
early hour and the storm, it was too dark to
see much, but nothing was lost I imagile.
The towns, as a rule, seem to be as homely
as the lake is beautiful, so getting back in
my bunk again, I doze away once more,
"Tho world forgetting, by the world forgot."
Were you ever sea sick? Beecher says,
the first hour he was so sick he feared he
would die the second, his fear was he might
hve indefinitely, and so prolong his intense
sufferings." If there is anything to recon
cile one to death, it is a severe attack of sea
sickness. The lake was very rough, and the
storm severe, and every one was quite sea
sick. For some reason they all seemed
ashamed of it. One gentleman explained
to me, between each vain endeavor to throw
up his boots as he leaned over the railing,
"he need not vomit unless he wanted to."
That man must have a curious idea of
amusement, for, as a voluntary act, it was
done with a great deal of expression. At
dinner time (we bad a very light attendance
by the way) we arrived at the entrance of tho
Lake Superior ship canal. Passing through
this for about two miles, wo reach Portage
lake, on cither side of which are the two
towns of Houghton and Hancock. Here are
situated the celebrated Lake Superior copper
mines. I will not inflict a long statement
of their statistics on you, but simply say the
principal mines are the Calumet and Hecla,
and are worked with much success and
profit. Large stamp milts and smelting
works line either shore, and give the towns a
business like appearance. Having plenty of
time I walked around the town and found an
evidence of Minneapolis enterprise in the
hotels and on the boat, in a printed circular
enclosed in a neat frame, giving the principal
points of interest and the industries of that
busy town. Also stating they manufactured
ten thousand barrels of flour per day.
St. Paul might advertise*herself with benefit
the same way, I think. She could use a local
envelope similar to the one Bhe is now using
for the general benefit of the State.
Passing through the ship canal again we
are weather-bound for the best part of the
day at the canal light-house, owing to the
dense fog and heavy sea. Later in the day
as we steam out into the lake against a
strong headwind and into the fog, the wild
and barren shores of the lake, the high,
white crested waves chasing each other in
regular succession, the swift flying gulls all
combine to make a sight long to be remem
bered, and much beyond my feeble pen to
do justice to. Bearing off to the south and
east, wo fall in the trough of the sea the
good ship rolls and groans in every joint,
and as she ploughs her way through the blue
waters of the lake, all thoughts of the beau
tiful is quickly dispelled by the firsi return
ing pangs of sea-sickness.
At about sunset we are landed- at Eagle
Harbor, the fog has risen and the sky is
clear. Still the sea runs high, dashing mad
ly over the natural breakwater of the bay In
creamy waves, that contrast beautifully with
the deep blue water ofj^the lake. From
Eagle Harbor, we head for Isle Boyale and
Prince Arthur's Landing, on the north
shore, the latter place being the terminal
point of my journey, and the Canadian Pa
cific railway, which we reach at 2 A. M. of
Saturday. Glad I am once more to get on
shore, having been from Tuesday night un
til Saturday, in reaching my destination. I
part with the Officers and the boat with great
regret, as they seem the connecting link be
tween mo and home. In parting, I can not
refrain from adding my testimony to that of
many others, of the sea going qualities of
the good ship Manistee, and her genial,
obliging, and gentlemanly officers the per
fect type of gentlemen and sailors. "May
their shadow never grow less." More anon.
HOMES IN THE WEST.'Jstfifi
Persons looking westward for homes
can procure full information concerning
theOABDEN S OT of Iowa and Minne-
sota, by subscribing for the Worthing-
ton A A N B, published at Worthington'
Minnesota. Send $ 2 for* one 'yeitr $V
for six months, and 5 0 cents for three
Minnesota Hem items.
The Brainerd Tribune tells of the killing
of a timber wolf that "measured six feet
from head to tail, and stood as high as a
large deer. I tact, Mr. Paddock thought it
was a buck when he shot it." Pretty fair
attempt at a wolf story.
A river driver called at the house of a Mr.
Heath, near Brainerd, last week, and de
manded something to drink from Mrs.
Heath. Upon refusal he became abusive,
when Mrs. Heath seized a club and drubbed
him until he was almost insensible.
Settlers are flocking into Crow Wing
county in large numbers this spring, and
the timber southeast of Brainerd is being
rapidly taken np. Houses are being built
in every direction, and land is being cleared
and put inxcrop at a truly surprising rate.—
A prairie fire last week destroyed fences,
and did other damage in the cemetery of
Currie, Murray county. Measures will be
taken to prevent a recurrence of such a mis
From numerous conversations with tho
farmers in this vicinity, we learn that the
grain now promises an abundant harvest,
and, best of all, no signs of the return of
the infernal grasshoppers.—Currie Pionesr.
Our merchants are making an effort to
have all stores closed on Sunday. This is a
move in the right direction, but unless all
of our business men can be induced to join
it, it will amount to nothing.—New Ulm
BLUE EARTH COUNTY.
The veterans of the old First Minnesota
are to hold their annual re-uuion at Manka
to on the 19th and 20th of June.
The old settlers of Blue Earth will hold
their annual reunion at Mankato on Jnna 4.
Judge Flandrau will deliver the address.
Justice Thompson is waging war against
the unlicensed liquor dealers of Kosemonnt.
One has been sent to jail and another es
caped through default of a witness.
At Northfield, one night last week, the
watchman demanded the business of a
strange horseman. The latter answered
that he had been sent from Millersburg to
call Dr. Wheeler for a sick traveller. Th
doctor's house was pointed ont, the doctor
aroused and sent off to Millerbburg, where
he found the errand was a hoax. It has
since turned out that the self-styled mes
senger was a horse thief, who had adopted
the ruse to account for his appearance at
such a late hour.
Cargill & Van, of LaCrosse, and H. E. An
derson, of Austin, have just completed a
purchase from the Southern Minnesota rail
way company, of a tract of grain and grass
lands, in Martin county, Minnesota, en the
"Extension." containing about 6,000 acres.
They expect the road to reach them by Au
gust next, and will break up from three to
four thousand acres this year. Mr. Cargill
is now in St. Louis purchasing the necessary
mules, forty to fifty teams, to do this work,
and they hope to be lurning over the sod by
the 15th inst.
GOODHUE O O I
Pine Island is to have a new Catholic
church, built of wood with a stone founda
Znmbrota folks are in ecstacies ov&r the
arrival in their village of the Rochester and
Northern, and the Midland railways.
It is not money we want just at this mo
ment. We want tho local news.—Freeborn
County Standard. Oh, that every country
editor had the wisdom to understand that
tke way to get money is to first get the local
news. Let the Standard continue to live up
to this principle, and it need never fear about
The house of the Bev. Mr. Porter of
Mountain Lake, Cottonwood county, was
burned last.week. Mrs. Porter, in trying to
save some effects, was severely scorched.
It is possible that she may lose her right eyo.
Her right arm was also badly burned.
A horse dealer from Missouri bought some
aconite in Windom, Cottonwood county, to
give to his horses as medicine. The vial was
put in a pocket along with a vial of brandy,
and the horse dealer soon after, wanting a
drink, swallowed the contents of the wrong
bottle. Powerful emetics were at once given
him. and his life was saved, although he
suffered great pain.
The British Whipping-Post.
The marked increase of brutality of all
sorts in this country in the last ten years is
a matter of frequent mention. The same
thing has been observed in England, and be
came so serious a matter that a desperate
remedy was necessary to repress it. Eminent
philanthropists, among them Baroness Bur
dctt-Coutts herself, finally advised a return
to the whippinc-post. The merciful way of
dealing with crime had no effect on down
right brutality, except to increase it. The
only way to reach it seemed to be to make it
feel, even through its thick-skinned de
gradation, the kind of pain it was so fond
of making others suffer. At length, after
proper discussion and consultation, the
whipping-post was actually revived for gar
roting, wife-beating, and kicking, and some
other brutal offenses. History really does re
peat itself at intervals.
The new punishment seems to have a most
salutary effect, so faras it has been tried. It
cannotbe said to be brutalizing in its nature
to those who seem already so brutalized that
no other punishment has any effect on them.
Those on whom it has been tried invariably
manifest a wholesome horror of it the second
time. Some weeks ago five convicts from
16 to 20 years of age received the flogging to
which they bad been sentenced, all the same
day, at one of the London police stations.
Flogging is said to be a punishment which
the most hardened nerves cannot endure
without flinching. However much bravado
the' convict displays at the beginning, a few
stroks of the cat-o'-nine-tails invariably take
the starch out of him, so to speak, and leave
him limp and howling. It is certainly a des
perate remedy, but desperate cases of bru
tality are occurring every day.
Two of the convicts who received the pun
ishment in London were bojs of 16 and 18.
They had robbed a woman, knocked her
down, and then kicked her, and were to re
ceive a flogging as part of their sentence, the
younger boy twenty strokes with a birch rod,
the other the same number of blows with a
cat-o'-nine-tails, on the bare back. The
prisoners' legs were fastened in a sort of
black box, while their arms were pilloried at
the wrist. The governor of the prison, tho
sheriff, and the jail physician were present,
while tho attendance of a number of other
officials added imprcssiveness to the scene.
The punishment was inflicted by two robust
prison wardens, who relieved each other in
regular turn. The 16-year-old boy was
whipped first. began to whimper at
sight of the rods, and each stroke was at
tended with a howl and an entreaty of"Oh,
don't, sir!" The second convict was an
overgrown bully, who looked bold enough to
endure anything, bnt he, too, began to
whimper before he had been struck. Tho
third had evidently made up his mind to
bear it gamely, and utter no cry, but at the
fourth blow of the cat he broke down and
bellowed like a cat. Yells and cries for
mercy rent the air during the whipping of
the whole five, and at the end of the punish
ment each was led away trembling, pale, and
breathless. It was not an agreeable scene,
bnt then neither was garroting a gentleman,
robbing him, knocking him down, and kick
ing him in the head till he was nearly killed
—the crime for which the last three of the
five were flogged—an agreeable scene.