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Worthingtoii, Nobles Co., Minn.
Terms:—Ttro dollars a year, la advance
One dollar for six months Fifty cenU for
The Old Established Paper. Offi
cial paper of the County.
A^. P. Miller,
Editor and Proprietor.
THE SILVER BILL.
WAsniNQTO*, Jane 9.—Senator Coke's reso
lotion to discharge the finance committee from
iano loatsonsrg the finance committee from u.„ —VA
and to it beforof the Senatren for action
was laid before the Senate, but was postponed
till to-morrow. On motion of Senator Voor
hees, the motion by Senator Burnside for an
executive session was rejected 19 to 21.
AMENDING A TITLE.
Tho Senate concurred in the House resolu
tion,to instruct the committee on enrolled bills
to amend a title of an act to amend an act
making appropriations for the construction,
etc., of certain works on rivers and harbors re
cently passed, by substituting the words "ap.
proved March 3d, 1S70" for 'aporoved March
CIE:.\ SHIELDS' PENSION.
Senator Vest introduced and a»ked unani
mous content for present consideration of the
bill to continue tho special pension of $100 per
month granted to the late Oen. Shields, to his
widow until her death, ant if she leaves any
minor children, to said children during their
Senator Hdumnds thought tho bill should
take the course usual with such bill', and on
his objection to its present consideration it was
placed on the calendar.
SUNDRY CIVIL MUX.
Senator Katon, from the committee on appro
priations, reported buck the House joint reso
lution repealing certain clause* of the sundry
civil appropriation act passed at tho last ses
sion, with a recommendation that tho Senate
non-concur in the llonse. Amendment
THE AUJIY AND ELECTIONS.
On motion of Senator Harris the McDonald
bill, authorizing tho employment of the mil
itia and land and nuvy forces of the United
States in eertain cases, was taken up, and Har
ris made a speech in support of the bill. Sen
ator Harris said the constitution givea the
S:ates exclusive control over tho qualifications
of voters. It gives Congress permission to
make or alter, etc., the time and manner if
holding elections, but it is conceded by all im
parti'il commentators that this power was in
tended to be used only as a .means of preserva
tion in case States should fail to make such
regulation. The language is mandatory to tho
States that they shall prescribe qualifications
of voters, etc. It is only permissive to Con
gress that it "may" make or alter, etc. The
word "manner," of course, only refers to the
methods, that is whether by ballot or viva
voce, or other similar methods.
Senator Harris quoted tho decision of the
supreme court in the case of Miner vs. Happer
sot, and in the Cruikshank case, that the gen
oral government has no voters of its own iiTthe
States, etc. Vet, ostensibly, under the clause
of the constitution above cited and the elab
orate sjstern of election laws, has grown up
under which the government has assumed the
dictation of the qualifications for voters in the
States. Deputy marshals and supervisors are
appointed, as claimed, to prevent fraud. This
has a taking sound and would be effective were
it not known that, instead of preventing
fraud, those officers have extended and intro
duced new phases of it. Of what use is it,
asked Senator Harris, for the States to pre
scribe qualifications for voters, as it is their
duty, when these federal officers whose chief
claim to appointment is their bad character
and partisan zeal, are authorized to override
such qualifications and decide according to
their own pleasure who may or may not vote.
There was no Scate, he said, so corrupt as not
to be able to preserve the purity of its own
elections, and he denied tho usefulness, as
well as the constitutionality of the laws'in
When Senator Harris concluded the Senate
ltouxr of firpvesentative*.
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
WASHINGTON, June !».—A resolution offered
by Mr. Acklin was referred, directing the com
mittee on Pacific railroads to inquire whether
the Union Pacific railroad company has not
violated its charter in making investments con
trary to the provisiona thereof, nnd whether the
two contracts entered into about April 23.1875,
between the Union Pacific and Kansas Pacific
companies, arc not in violation of their char
The motion to suspend the mles and adopt a
resolution for the investigation in regard to tho
construction of public buildings was defeated,
yeas 115, nays b2, not the ccesssry two-thirds
vote in the affirmative.
TnE LEGISLATIVE BILL.
Mr. Atkins, chairman of the committee on
appropriation, reported back the substitute for
the legislative, executive and Judicial appro
priation bill, which was reported and recom
mitted last week. He stated it was
a single salary exceptingofthlaborerosf
0 to $720. and from $60 0
tfro$G60. increase ini.FthIe clerical« force*M\i\
the pension office was made in compliance with
the request of the commissioner. It re-enacted
the present law with certain eliminations.
There were no so-called politioal restrictions in
the bill. The restrictions in the vetoed bill,
which had created such a contest on the floor,
were not embraced in the present bill, nor was
tho appropriation for contingent expenses for
the courts amounting to $2,260,000. It was
upon that portion of the bill that the restric
tive clause had been placed in regard to the
payment of supervisors and deputy marshals.
That matter would .be embraced" in a subse
quent bill—a supplemental bill—which would
be reported by his friend from Ohio, Mr. Mc
Mr. Hawley, a member of the appropriation
committee, stated that members of the minor
ity of that committee, and that the Republi
cans generally wero very much opposed to the
bill in its present form, and would much pre
fer to pass the regular appropriation bill of the
last session, minus the political sections.
There were very serious objections to the bill
by reason of its complication and its obscurity.
Still ho did not deny that the treasury depart
ment by detailing three men, one with the old
bill, another with the new one, and a third
with a slate and pencil, might find out what
was appropriated, and so the government could
live under it. It provided substantially, he
supposed, for all the necessities of the govern
ment in that direction. It had been entrusted
a good deal, and rightfully, to the chairman of
the committee, and members of the committee
had consented unanimously to waive any ob
jection to it. It contained no political matter
and therefore the Republican members rather
consented to its passage than approved of it.
Mr. Atkins then renewed his motion to sus
pend tho rules and pass the bill, and the mo
tion was carried without division.
Immediately afterwards Messrs. Cabell aid
Cox intimated a desire for a division.
The speaker said he had given full time for
a call for division before announcing the re
sult. He would, however, recall that announce
ment, and he asked whether there was any call
for a division. Mr. Cox said he did not insist
upon it. Mr. Finley did, however, and called
for the yeas and nays, and the Republican side
of the Uouse very generally sustained the call.
The vote was therefore taken by yeas and nays
and resulted yeas, 188 nays, 21. The negative
votes were given by Cabell, Caldwell, Clark
(Mo.) Cox, Dnnn, 121am, Finley, Frost, Gun
ter, Hinkle, Hurd, Knott, Manning, McMillin,'
Nichols, Robertson, Slemons, Smith, (N. C.,')
Turner, (Ohio,) Whitthorne and Wilson.
Mr. McMahon, from the committee on appro
priations, reported a bill making appropria
tions for judicial expenses of the government
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1880. Or
dered printed and recommitted.
MEMPHIS MARINE HOSPITAL.
Mr. Regan moved to suspend the rnles and
pass the bill appropriating $30,000 for con
struction of the marine hospital in Memphis.
THE ARMY BILL.
Mr. Ryan moved to suspend the rules and
pass the army appropriation bill precisely as it
was reported on June 6th from the appropria
tion committee by Mr. Clymer.
Mr. Atkins moved to adjourn.
The Speaker inquired of Mr. Ryan if the bill
he desired to pasa contained everything that
was in the bill reported by Mr. Clymer.
Mr. Kyan—Everything word for word as
Mr. Atkins renewed his motion to adjourn.
air AiKin renewed ins motion to adjourn .rouugg.opuu
Agreed to, yeas 105, nays 100 This was a strict called Thomas Murray, colored.
CAUCUS OK DEMOCRATIC SENATORS.
members of the Senate assembled in caucus
soon after the adjournment of that body this
afternoon, and remai.ed in private consulta
tion nearly three hours. The caucus was called
at the instance of friends of the Warner silver
bill with a view to convincing their colleagues
that in a party point of view it would be de
sirable to procure final action on that measure
by tho Senate during the present session as a
means to that end it was suggested that the
Democratic members of the finance committee
should agree to report back the bill immediate
ly without recommendation, or that otherwise
the dominant party in the Senate
should unitedly support Coke's pend
ing resolution which provides for bring
ing the bill forthwith before tho Senate by
discharging the committee from its further
consideration. It was not proposed to make
it a caucus measure, except to the extent of
insuring prompt action on it, but the discus
sion to-day developed such immovable opposi
tion to tho bill on the part of some Senators,
and such irrecoucilable differences of opinion*
as to the question of expediency involved in
the suggestions above noted, that no proposi
tion whatever was pushed to a vote and the
caucus adjourned without taking any action
and without its members being nearer
an agreement than when they assembled.
The speakers in favor of the bill were
Senators Thurman, Beck, Voorhees, Garland,
Maxey, Heretord, Coke and Pendleton. Sena
tors Bayard, Eaton and Kernan made the prin
cipal speeches in opposition to, the bill. The
merits of tho bill were debated only incident
ally, there being no hope of changing opinions
concerning them, but the question of the
probable effects of its passage by the Senate in
connection with its anticipated veto by the
President, was the subject of a very animated
discussion. On one hand it was argued that
the effect would, be to give increased strength
to the Democracy in the West, and especially
in the coming Oho contest. On the other hand
it was insisted tbat aside from the doubt
whether the bill would obtain a majority vote
in the Senate, its passage by theThe
dominant party in that body
GENERAL CAPITAL NEWS.
WASHINGTON, June 9.—The President nomi
nated Daniel C. Hilt postmaster at Urbana
JURORS' TEST OATH.
The House judiciary committee this morn
ing considered Senator Bayard's bill passed in
the Senate Friday last, entitled a bill in rela
tion to juries and to repeal sections 8D1, 820
and 821 and part of the revised statutes of the
United States. Representative Herbert sub
mitted an amendment which provides that in
the selection of jurors, grand and petit, the
clerk and commissioner shall in no wise have
regard to political affiliations, but shall look
solely to_ the qualifications prescribed by the
law. Citizens possessing all other qualifica
tions, which are or may oe prescribed by law,
shall be competent to serve as grand or petit
jurors, without regard to race, color or pre
vious condition of servitude, but no officer or
employe of the United States or of any State
shall be competent to serve.
THE SEWARD IMPEACHMENT.
The chair appointed as a sub-committee to
examine into the articles of impeachment
against Ceo. F. Seward, United States minister
to China, Messrs. New, House, Ryan, McKinley
and Williams, Wis. It is not likely any report
will be made the present session.
Secretary McCreary leaves to-morrow to at
tend the closing exercises at the Pennsylvania
Military academy, where he is to deliver an
address Tuesday night. The Secretary will
join General Sherman's party and go to West
Point. Secretary Thompson will leave this
mous report. Mr. Atkins proceeded by unan- troinx. secretary Thompson will leave this
billO. Hnet said it differed in a very few re
spects thsaibillireported dayv sincre
and recommitted. The principle feature of
the difference between the substitute and the
original bill consisted in appropriating $15,
000 for tho payment of salaries, storekeepers
and gaugers, made necessary by the increaes of
dcstileries in the Southern States within the
last few months. It was really in the nature
of a deficiency but the committee had thought
it very important that the appropriation should
be made Th„e presenti bilil diu no increase
a statement in regard to afternoosnofor Annapolis to attend the closinir
trie billfrom differeadfenwa ver few exercisan of thn N»c»l
exercise the Naval academy
The Sonate judiciary committee to-doy took
up the nomination of Secretary McCreary, to
be United States Judge nee Judge Dillon re
signed, and reported it to a snb committee for
consideration and report hereafter.
The House to-day passed the bill amending ttate.
the statutes relative to the importation of neat
^—....... ..». ^.i,.-,t ui un ui UOtE increase HI.UIU*MWI a
pay messengers cattle for breeding It permits
special importation opurposes.n
foreig animals for
purposes of thes
of the treasury under snch regulations as
Ilk S7'/'ll ttnrl l-w.•..... nnAni&l i_
DUKE OP MAOENTA SCRATCHED.
The raeer, Duke of Magenta, being amiss, is
scratched for the Ascott gold cup.
CALCUTTA, via New York, June 9.—The Af
ghanistan treaty has created a strong impres
sion in Persia, greatly increasing British pres
Cholera of severe type has made its appear
ance in lower Batoum pass. A mission to Ca
bul is to bo forthwith formed at Kopat and
proceed by way of Khnram about the end of
The Docoits of the Poonah district are still
active and petty robberies are reported daily,
but since the great fires there have been no
outrages on a large scale. More or less copious
rains are reported from nearly all the districts
of Bengal and Assem. The rainfall in Cachin,
Bengal, has as yot been Blight and partial, but
sufficient to greatly improve the prospect of
the indigo crop.
Reports from the tea districts are, on the
whole, fairly .good.
Famine in Cashmere is taking its course snd
the people are reported dying by hundreds.
SOLOVMFF HANOED. I
ST. PETEBSBUBO, June-. 9.—The sentence
against Alexander Solovieff, who attempted
the assassination of the emperor, April 14, was
carried out to-day. He was hanged at 10 this
morning on Smolensk! field.
Rang, June ».—The eruption of Mount Mtn*
has eeased, but the volcano continues to give
A riot against the collection of taxes has oc
curred in the district of Catania. Several sol
diers and peasants have been killed.
WASHINGTON, June 9.—The committee on
privileges and elections to-day resumed the in
vestigation of the Kellogg-Spofford ease and re-
I IZt 7 VL i= "•»•.-»«=»»»«»:- wk. UU ouunuyyyou
party vote with the exceptio. of Kie for and
DSrtV Vnt with «TMnh'/m A Vl&fiui «... Htm V..—:.!. y%_
consideration tSI W a bUl fe^O^b^?whfvT^fn^ nig! —e
ative: Aiken, Bouck, Culberson, De La Matyr,
Felton, Ford, Forsythe, Gillette, Jones, Lowe,
Murch, Stephens, Stevenson, Weaver and
Yokurn. House adjonrned.
WARNER SILVER BILL.
Mr Merrick O Saturda you atat
you told Lac that you conl mak $2,5000.
I forgot to ask yon how yon were going to
make money. A. By coming here to tell the
truth and make a reputation with my people.
It: would be worth $2,500 to have the good
people of my community with me.
Q. Your pcoplo have a bad reputation and
All nffiHttvit'. a raorl 1L.I .1 T_.:.
would tend to alienate Democratic votes in the
Eastern states, and notably in New York and
Connecticut. It was also earnestly argued in
opposition to the demands for immediate ac
tion upon the bill, that the friends of the bi
metallic system would most effectually pro
mote the permanent establishment of a double
standard in the country by deferring the present
measure until next session, and thus avoid an
alleged threatened embarrasment to efforts al
ready in progress to establish an international
common ratio of values between the precious
metals. The indications in the caucus to-day
were that at least eight or nine Democratic Sen
ators will vote against Coke's pending resolu
tion, and that it will therefore be defeated.
In reply to Mr. Hill the witness said: Cav
anae was present when he wrote the affidavit
nobody offered to write it he wrote it by him
KOUR PER CENTS.
Subscriptions to the 4 per 'cent, refunding
certificates since Saturday's report, $352,180.
THE OLD WORLD.
Solovleff Pays the Penally for Ills Attack
on the Czar—The German Emperor'a
Golden Wedding—Cabinet Troubles I
LONDON, Juno 9.-Mrs. Howard Paul, actress S E H&ttS'r
id singer, is dead. S S & S S Km0Cavana*e
and singer is dead
PABOLK STOCK DECLINING.
LONDON, June 9.—Mycaene is now the favor
ite of the Ascot stakes at 100 to 30against him.
The betting against Par.de is 4 to 1. Parole's
decline is caused by the Act that he has also
been entered for the gold vace, and will hardly
contest both races, although he is almost cer
tain to choose the Ascot stakes. Recent rains
also made the course soft, thus operating
against Parole, who carries the heaviest weight^
Q, What were the inducements made to you
previous to writing the affidavit? A. Cavanae
said I should have everything I wanted, as Kel
logg was to be put out of the Senate anyhow.
Murray said there was sugar in it, but did not
ask me to swear falsely.
A. Drouette tola me to stand by my affidavit.
Q. How was it known that you had made an
affidavit? A. It was the talk for two months.
Drouette said my testimony was more impor
tant for Spofford than the testimony of the
Q. You made the affidavit to get sugar. A.
No, but to ascertain bow all affidavits were
manufactured. I did not believe what thev
Q. You made the affidavit voluntarily. A.
Yes, of my own motion. I made three affidavits.
Q. Do you not think it was immoral to
swear to a lie? A. That depends on the cir
cumstances. It is not when men want to bring
about how affidavits are obtained.
The witness in reply to Senator Bailey said
he had held a position in the New Orleans cus
tom house, but resigned as noon as he became
a witness that ho made the .affidavit for the
benefit of the public, to expose fraud. Murray
said he wanted witness to co to Cavanae to
testify in behalf of Spofford that he (witness)
was not present on the day Kellogg was gen
erally voted for. It was not a lie, the witness
said, because he told it purposely to show how
things were done.
Merrick then cross-examined witness, wbo
said he made a second affidavit for Elder, who
said he would not pay anything. He told
Cavanae he was not present at the election of
Kellogg, but was locked up in a room.
Q. That was a lie, a blunt, straightforward
lie. A. Yes.
Q. Was what you did superinduced by the
love of justice, truth, patriotism or sugar. A.
I never was bribed, and the parties^hemselves
know it, because they had again and again
offered me bribes and I refused them.
Q. Who were the parties. A. I decline to
Senator Hill—You must answer. A. Mr.
Drouettc told me that if I recorded my vote
for Spofford I conld get what I wanted in
money I answered that I conld not. Will
you not he asked, do it as a favor for me. I
replied no, I cannot because it would not be
consistent to vote for two men for the same
office. This was in the Nicholls legislature.
Senator Kellogg interrupted witness, who
said he was 31 years old, a white man and was
discended from an old Frenoh family. He
Washington.. Merelv shoo handa with him
and did not remain ten minuter. The Senator
did not talk about the.case, and said to witness
I doubt whether you should have come
here now, but after you testify
I should be glad to see you. Tho witness said
ho saw Elder for the first time in New Orleans
on the 2d of May. Elder said he was from
Spalu—The I'rosecntion of Paul
_, on tne za or may. Elder said be was fron
lassaguac Voted by tho French Chamber Washington, getting up testimony for Spofford
..r i»„„...i„= »».„—..-_ Elder had a room in the custom house The
first of the three affidavits was given to Elder
because Elder had not previously believed wit
ness was for Spofford. By this means witness
was posted as to how the parties were making
Washington Mf'r^ly nhrwilk hnnHs aritU 1,1m *ax_&je,i3.a.HLe^
$ 10,000 out of it.
De Lacy was re-called and questioned about
the signature to his affidavit, and the commit-
S e!Shit?tdn^ andfinallydrifted
on each side had been subpoenaed." The chair
man suggested tho examination be limited to
that number, its it might be cons:dered proper
to sen a sub-committee to New Orleans to ex
amine witnesses in order to save expense.
a member of the Packard legislature in 1877,
and present in the joint convention that elect
ed Kellogg to the Senate, was examined. Mr.
Merrick exhibited the affidavit of tho witness
who, he said, made it, audit bore his signature
An affidavit was read stating that the witness building in July, 1873, he was at once ac-
1877 when Kellog- was elected the long
term, bu for him the nex day.iv,»
By Mr. Mtrrick—Is that true? A. It is not
Q. Tell us wbo lied. A. The very parties
who induced me to make the affidavit knew it
to be a lie.
Merrick—I insist on knowing the name. A.plate,
I can't tell.
By Mr. Kernan
ought to answer
swer because i" would implicato other part
a a W
Mr.VernS*n-As it is not a secret you must
Mr. Merrick—And you refuse to name the
Mr. Kernan—Did you say they knew it was a
falsehood when you made the affidavit? A.
They knew it to be false.
Q. Who were they? A. That's what I de
cline to answer.
Q. What reason can you give for not letting
the world know who those men are? The wit
ness, after hesitating, said: Cavanae is an
Mr. Kernan—Who else? A. Others wanted
me to swear to lies they did not induce me
Thomas Murray and J. W. Eldjer were among
the quorum Kellogg would be unseated before !9
this session was over. Murray said
Q. Was there not another man? A. Yes,
but they did not' have so much confidence in
was to personate Thomas. The witness did not
the case, to learn all about it
Q. Have you not been a consistant Republi
Q. And whenever y'o'n saw a scheme on foot
ould follow it up and get to the bottom
During the further examination of witness
he said he was told that $ 1,500 would be given
for going over to the Nicholls legislature, but
he never received the money.
Q. Who said that? A. Drontee, who is a
The examination of witness here ended.
FREH THOUGHT.^FREE SPEECHAND A FREE PRECIS.
WORTHINGTON, NOBLES CpiffiTY, MINNESOT£, THURSDAY, JUNE 12 1879
Senator HOI said 'the witness' came here on
false testimony and therefore he did not want
his fees to be paid until Xhe. question could. be
settled by in & ^Adjourned till to
morrow,*..v Tjinji O VTilU_ALO
WASHINGTON, June 9.—W. J. DeLacy, witness
tor Spofford, who testified Saturday and to-day
before the Senate committee in the Kellogg
Spofford contest, was arrested this afternoon
upon complaint of Cavanae, Spefford's agent,
on a charge of perjury. He gave bond in
$500 for appearand* At' *n* ttolicffttmrt'toi
»P »K»od reputation for Another Boy Tortured,BUiid,dQnil Maimed
4 yonrself A. Yea. for Life at I'fUladelphia',ttoune of Hef
ty Mr. Schellabarger. How did you get "%, "'V 2_ vV\
$2,500 you thought your reputation was worth J£Zl££XZ& *&*&£? W .•
inr A w„ .1. \.. -Jroor Henry Ackley is not the only victim
*3,o(W. A. No I thought I could make
phiaa honsoo refuge. To-da
"fuge." Tfc-aayy nn bfierMion
performed at the Philadelphia hospital
tee compared the signature to the affidavit with npon William Christman, the doctors having
the name written on a separate pieee of paper decided that, by taking ont ode eye, there is
Saturday, but conclusions differed. Mr. Met- a possibility of saving the other, which is now
M^SS^S^Jr. I almost gone, William Chriatman was left
that markedJ as a black sheep and
•»!O*«»...A vurcuinniKuiuure, au ULI«IU|Ht. a uiuue tto re KJ
"erTheoueston an" a terrible stench, du\ to I S S wo, th of plunder S S S
Mr. Kernan—We can't help that. uow ui
a mournxios to tn cell door itTi*i A i«
Mr. Schallabarger suggested that the witness and subsisting on bread and water, while riuiaaelplua, June 7, when the jury
be told the consequences of not answering. the therinoinetw: frequently touched 100 de-
grees. He was at last led, weak and totter-
answer. in the top of the building where the heat
witness then gave the name of Drouette.
Two weeks longer he remained in this
horrible place until late one night he was
told that he was to be sent to a farmer in the
country. He was taken outside the wall,
thinly clad, the cold night air striking
through to bis bones after his long, suffocat
ing confinement, and told to wnit on the
corner until the farmer came. The guide
hardly disappeared in the distance when a
policeman can* up with "I want yon." It
was not a simple order to "move on," but
he "wanted" him. He took him to tho
station and the next day a careless magis
trate sent him to the house of correction as
a vagrant—a boy, who had not been free to
go where he pleased for years.
The exposure had done its work, however.
His eyes began to fail, all sense of hearing
in one ear was lost and a slender, nnatten
nated form that six months later was turned
adrift from the house of correction bore no
semblance to the stont and healthy boy that
had been taken ont of the streets years be
fore. He walked back to the city a wreck.
He found some friends who found him a lit
tle work, but it WPS more, than his feeble
hands could do, and without eyes and with
partial senso of hearing be was of no use to
himself or any one else.
To-day the body of Harry Ackley was
buried in thjs- Cathedral cemetery, and to
mortow. the executive committee of the so
ciety for the prevention of cruelty to chil
dren will discuss the case and see what they
can do about it, .The mayor has done some
thing* by' severely reprimanding Lieut. Jor
dan, who. was in charge of the Ninth dis
trict station, for not reporting the case and
giving an early opportunity for a complete
investigation. The Christman case fortu
nately is in the hands of an attorney, and
the rystem of management in this institu
tion will be investigated .in .a court of justice
in a suit' for damages... ', .: J.
A Child Dying Slowly for Want of Proper
Food—A "Sacrifice to the Spirits."
The following is taken from the Anaheim
(Los Angeles Co., Cal.,) Gazette, Mav 21st:
"The readers of the Gazette are acquainted
with the peculiar system of dietetics prac
ticed by the members of the Societas Fra
ternia. They have doubtless bad a hearty
called at the Senator's room on his arrival at laugh over the absurdity of the system, and
have dismissed th SubjecIt. from thei minds
with the mental remark that if these people
chose to gorge themselves with pumpkin
seed and green peas, it was nobody's busi
ness but their own. Bnt the affair assumes
a serious aspect when it is known that the
children of tho community are compelled
to subsist on the same meager fare.
There are three children, one of
them being a mere baby—about a year
old. This ohild, when eight months old,
was weaned npon scraped apple, so
that by testifying for Spofford they could get undoubtedly dying of starvation, and that
all they wanted. Cavanae said that Spofford unless some nourishment is speedily given it,
when seated would divide his salary among it will die. Two" or'three weeks ago a daugh- ...«.™„ umi
nac wanted an affidavit similar to the one wit- nnr Uudumniij.i.. I *_
ness gave Elder. The witness gave the names
of four men with whom to break the quorum,
including Murray and himself.
made by Brooks but Brook was present at the world was thrilled with horror at the recital „„, .^
-Js-romufi gsii ".-.: .: .••. ••.,-.
Ul|i FATAL RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
svus Ciider told bi was get °c««**iager says ini na Deeni!Sdiet
ting up affidavits for Spofford to show there ever since, varied onlyv' by occasionalt in-.
was no quorum in the Packard legislature tbat dnlgenoes in dried figs, oranges, raisins or
elected Kellogg. Elder said he wanted only something of that sort. The result is that
7 *0 death. Those who
S»y that it is
train,June 6, on the Utah-
(Western narro^'augc railroad, was thrown
.from the track near Black Rock. Brakeman
ikilleuy arid condtictrir slightly injured. No
[passengers hurt. -p'•"
At Wbburn, ilaai.',' June 31, a !fire in the
Merrimack chemical company's.works, caused
a loss, of tmOOO /nsu'red ,., W. J. Weeks
liftnlrlrnnn'n. r*n_ tt. A~ _'- tM 1
in the house of refuge. He was a stout and in miuoing *LJU,UUU
healthy boy, and stood well with the officers
Buikley assumed charge. He was ~"~?rCT8.V1ile'. """""•B"J" ..
until Mr. Bnlkle assumed charge was Washington countvI,
soon after that ja'—*
when an attempt
iterup wass mado setfiretothee
July 1873 he was at once ac
«*fonr January, ensed of complicity in the attempt. called him nicknames. He procured a musk-
In spite of.jiw stcennoos dentals,. Mid as
far as can be learned without any"'evidence
against him, he was placed in solitary con
finement. The cell was low, dark and close,
and there was not a single 'article, of' furni
ture in it. A window, barred by .an iron
served only as a mockery to show that
light might come through it if it were let in
I O I wnetnvoted
Helloes? .Ipi-toHt tnr F. .» *s th« lnitv «"1mwhic,totwa«snays.,. „„*..,power.
S Jation, made ita veritable Black Hole, Here ofjewehymid watfhesof ea?y TccT Vav! feS S
'Will you confess at once?" interrupted
FAMINE IN UINDOSTAN.
Official reports from Cashmere say it
is impossible to exaggerate the distress that
fcniine is causing there. The maharajah of
of this province, at the earnest request of the
viceroy of India, is proceeding to Serinagua to
superintend the organization of relief. Three
thousand five hundred tons of grain arc in
transit to the valley of Cashmere.
As Mrs. Ilonova Lacy vfasdriving from
Wilmington Del. to her home in Chester
county, Pa. June 7, the contents of the car
riage, cotton and straw, were ignited by match
es, and in an instant the whole interior of the
vehicle was in a blaze, and the horses becom
ing frightened ran away, nnd before stopped
Mrs. Lacy was literally roasted alive.
The secretary ot war has been nomi
nated to a judgeship. June 3, the President
sent to the Senate the following: I nominate
George W. McCrary, of Iowa, to be judge of
the eighth United States judicial circuit in
place of John F. Dillon, resigned, the resigna
tion to take effect on the first day of Septem
ber, 1879, and this nomination is to be for the
vacancy thus created.
June C, Mrs. Magdalena Bouschoff,
of Dayton, Ky., in a fit of anger, badly injured
a little daughter of a neighbor. The girl grew
dangerously ill. Mrs, B. bearing of it, and an
ticipating the girl would die, committed sui
cide by throwing herself into a cistern. She
had told her husband that if the girl died she
would rather kill herself than havc her chil
dren disgraced by her execution by the law.
Santa Fe, New Mexico telegraph, June
7: Wednesday night at Los Vegas an Italian
who murdered a Frenchman and an Ameri
can woman, and who was sentenced to be
hanged, but was allowed anew trial, and an
American who murdered a man, were taken
from the jail and hanged on the public square
by citizens. The bodies were sttll hanging
the next morning.
At Chicago on the afternoon of June 7,
the messenger of the Illinois Central railroad
while on his way to the bank with 99,000 in
bills for deposit, was met by two strangers
in front of A. T. Stewart & Co's, who threw
cayenne pepper in his eyes, snatching the
„v^ the package of money and, jumping into a
This Ha been ifa die buggy, drove south without detention.
iril Viv rPi*flOirinfl in CYCLONIC
May 29, a cyclone swept part of Holt
and Nodaway counties, Missouri, about twen
ter of th-e-Rev.?Dr..Toombs-,, whosei residence» severali miles cas ofi Barnard suddenliy disap--
TT i^m miic
respectfnl note to the mother child,
telling her that it was undoubtedly dying of
starvation, and suggesting the propriety of
-J* mub- uuuuuru. giving the little innooent that nourishment
fheToinKe^ I'V" W"
.-„:_»—.:„„. .him. and run8ofifn considerablel stock. The military
show bow easy it was to get up affidavits know
ing them to be untrue.
Q. Yi wanted to find out alt the facts
A. That's it
of it. A. Yes. I made the affidavit to obtain thought df a community which will permit
it A xes made tn affidavit to obtain .uwugu a community wnic will permit
Elder's confidence, and went toCavanao's office such outrageous and horrible deeds to be
to get the facts. I was approached on the cars enacted under the mantle of religions belief?
while coming here, and was told that by sup-
porting Spafford I would be taken care of.
Senator Cameron—What inducement was.
made to you and by whom? A. By Cavanae,
who said Spofford would divide his salary.
him Laughter The were depending on of which it so manifestly Stood in need. To "™»"^«.zona,, uisparcn says a nana ».e.r^oouic,
the fact that Thomas was not there. Watson this missive a most extraordinary reply was
»«e Secon Adventis fanatics killed »UBUa vig
wfco .'tlm revetl in Cthe
their offspring? And what can be
The following testnnohial of a certain
atent. medicine, spe^s lor. itself: ."Dear
months ago my wife could
scarcely speak. She has taken two bot
tJes ot your %ife Renewer,' and now she
can't speak at all." Please send me two
more bottles. I wouldn't be without it."
reported adversely by the judiciary committee.
The following was also Confirmed: Wilson
King Pennsylvania, consul at Birmingham.
STRIKE AT BUFFALO.
For some days past trouble has been
brewing among the longshore men and
propeller lines at Buffalo, N. Yi, caused by the
demand for increased wages from 15 to 20 cents
an hour, which the propeller lines refused to
accede, A number of them refused to work
and threatened the new men engaged in their
places wtth violence. Stones and. clubs were
efV Were badly burned with vitro!
..At Dyiglit,, 111. June 8, a fire originat
ing in Mr. Hay's harness shop destroyed elev
en business houses and dwellings. Loss esti.
routines* nouse and dwellings Los esti S M» •*, .rurucc xiau, one oi tne
mated «t *75,000. Insured for «s25^0Q, in the
Hartford, Springfield, North Brttbh and Ger-
man-American companies.- fuVnu-
I I I A RV ttrmnftfa
At Easton, Pa. at eight o'clock in the
evening of June 4, Pardee Hall, one of the
cusea, in company witnotner inmates of this command of Captain Luke O'Reilly, left Fort ment of the chemical depart!
charitable institution, of having upset the -r*avenw orthon, the afternoon of June 3.for the progress of the lire a man fell trom the
T*nhr™™lii„ TKESS BISHOP M'CROSKEY'S SUCCFSSOR.
Charles Norris of about the same
et, loaded it, followed_th.e boy* and shot Nor-
was burglfflarized. evidently bv experts TP
iiKUimigntcomeinronganuitwereietin discovered and fritrhtend away with only $40 Jr ,SZ V*the
he remained for a week, compelled to He AHARhvvpnviu.m nays. The election of Harris was then
down with bis monthtslose to the cell door HARDENED VILLAIN. nammous.
effect) and asked
Mr. Merrick—We want all the names of Superintendent Bnlkley: The hanging will be fixed for Fridav
those who induced you to swear to what they "Well, will you confess now:'/ •,•..,•
knew was a lie. A. There was another party "I've nothing to confess," replied he "I H--KKIFIC EXPLOSION.
and I am sorry I gave his name. didn't"
college buildings, was destroyed by
scarcity of water the
an firemen were unavailinefforts
""knight the building was completely
Mille had been teased by boys who
verdict of guilty against Edward
the superintendent beat him over the back roof of the building,
wit a cane, bringing blood a(tk„i...Lt
almos snranc. 8210.
every stroke. He shrieked aloud and then a
bundle of rattans was used upon his bare
back until he fainted. When he came to he
was again in bis dark cell, so weak from
long confinement and loss of blood that he
could hardly move. .:J Tc
erected a few years ago at a
Jnne4 Lewis S. Miller, aged 15, shot ^P^copal convention at Detroit reached the spot. As his last breath
called him nicknames procured a musk '"gto" Detroit for bishop which was rejected seemed to pas unde the contro
ris, who died instantly. having been previously decided by a vote of sive obedience to the influence, and im
ADitoiT BUIIGLARS A E ABOUT. tbat each lay deligate should mediately the scene of a death struggle
The house of John Seeecr of St Paul
a a a iv id a
,, O' oi the treasury to pay out for arrears of }l
i,w»i- „., :. »:_ c.
A an early hour on the morning of pensions the remainder of the ten millions of «nP
his inquisitor. hardware storc.at holly, Mich., and before its for the redemption of the fractional currency careful manlier in which I sub
"I have nothing," he began agaju, ,w4»en progress was stayed it destroyed ten buildings. The bill also provides for salaries of offices performed the autopsy dissi
at a signal he was^aken by snuttandsnt and The powder magazine in Pier & Smith's store which have been created since the is is of
laid naked over the steam generator while exploded with terrific force, blowing off the the act of 1878 and includes the ncces.a'rv an P1C10J cast upon my professional capaci
Tota loss *24,000 in-
I E A A HURT
At Burlington, Iowa, June 7, the Law
erencc house was destroyed by fire. The
guests were compelled to escape from the
upper stories by means of ladders. J. F.
Keene, ex-conductor on"the Michigan Cen
tral railroad, fell from the fourth story to the
sidewalk, receiving fatal injuries. Loss $45,
000 half insured.
TOBACCO KILLING niM.
The New York Sun is responsible for
the statement that Senator Matt Carpenter's
physician has ordered him off to'Florida for
his health. It is given out that the trouble is
rheumatism, but every one that knows the
Senator's habits understands that it is tobacco.
He smokes from twenty to thirty choice cigars
a day, and fills inthe space time with pulls
at his pipes. He may go to Florida, but un-*
less he gives up tobacco he will not improve.
He is a slave to it, and it is killing him. His
arms and legs are as little as pipe-stems, and
the flesh has gone from his body. Yet lie is as
cheerful and as lively as of old, and does not
Indicate by his manner tbat anything Mas the
matter with him.
At Chambersburg, Pa., June 5, Peter,
alias Peachey Swinglcr, colored, who murder
ed John Anderson, colored, at a ball on the
night of December 17th, last, was hanged in
the jail yard. Upon reaching the scaffold
Swinglcr himself, placed the rope around his
neck, which the sheriff had him remove to al
low him to make any remarks if he wished
He then said whiskcv and bad company
brought him there, and advised all to abstain
from them. He thanked the Sheriff and at
tendants for their kindness. He said he was
ready, and again placed the rope around his
neck, which the sheriff again had removed.
After prayer the cap was placed over his head
the rope was adjusted and the trap was sprung
at 1105, and at 11:15 he was pronounced deud
THE POISONED BROOK.
Advices from Island Point, Vermont of
May 30, are to the effect that there hits been
nine deaths, so far, of children who drank
from the poisoned brook. Edward Morse lost
two John Aldrich, three Fred. Simpson,
one L.Wilson, one Mr. Park, one, and John
Cole, one. Others cannot live Potato tops
poisoned by Paris green and thrown into the
brook are regarded as the cause of poisoning
rather than the carcasses of dead animals.
Terrible distress prevails and work is suspend
ed. Twenty-seven children were poisoned by
drinking from the brook. The farmer who
allowcdj.tlte carcasses to be thrown in will be
arrested. The bodies of the children soon de
compose and arc quickly buried. Additional
accounts are that two more children of John
Aldrich have died, making five, his entire
family. Mrs. Aldrich is insane.
KILLED BY FALLING WALLS.
At Cincinnati, 0., Junc 5, workmen
were placed in the ruins of Post & Co's. fire
to clear away the rubbish, and
at half past three o'clock one of the in
terior walls fell, carrying with it portions of
the second, third, fourth and fifth walls, and
a number of men. A fire alarm brought a
number of engines and police to the ruins,
and with a number of volunteers work was
commenced to rescue the dead and dying.
In half an hour one dead man and two
grounded had bcen taken out, but work was
interrupted by a further fall of the ruins,
ty-fivc miles north of St. Joseph. It moved at burying those carried down by the first crash
a velocity of sixty miles an hour, demolishing
a n-iucu sixty miic an liour uemousmn ""t" ucuno wi u^ui re
houses, uprooting andl twistin« off trees., and sunied,. the following' deadl and injureU
destroying property of all descriptions. I were finally rescued: Four persons taken out
moved inl a northwesterly direction and when
A Tucson, Arizona dispatch says a band
e. Tfce mother 1 Carlos reservation,, have been maurauding for
he was. spirits. If. it shall pass away'Jt will not be fought the renegades in the mountains, killing
tSm^SS^A't'AJS&IL ^jTievt a civilized &-7X£SJEJri&:EZ2
niaue uy orooKs, DUD i3rooKB was present at the wuriu was suruiea wun norror at tne recital
joint session I cannot.
remember seeing of the traged.y at Pocasset, where Freeman ......—,
there, but the record shows thatt he.was. andd wife, Second Adventist fanatics, killed »ar.C vigorous policy, and
Carlo reservation have been mauraudin for
hrec 8 a a OTCrtoo a
a a 8
I L.U.* will soon have them in hand.
can, and whenever you found a point against a condemned to a W and4 linoerinc death J««c 3, and resisting was shot and instant- cording to agreement, and the wife got her in- their lumilies by the citizens and to a
debris. Work was again
r\ir .m iml.l! «flr 4- AA I R111Ylfd find I.Kl fnllftU'inci flnoi mill irnHK
U.UUUI fiuuucuiy uissp
scviT.i miiA a AAB I /.
wrote a pearcd, A tract o. territory half a mil wide
A number of casualties oc-
and torture inexpressible. What earn be »y killed near Grafton. Several of the gang to the backroom and stabbed her to death, others who do not desire to remain
reve to :th a Parsons belonged to were srrcstcd some days The wife then cut a steak out of the dead camp.. Arrangements have been mat
ago, and seventy skeleton keys were found in
their possession. Two more red men, Simp
son Ullam and James McCulloch, of the
Wetzel county gang, were arrested.
In executive session of the Senate June
ad, and a number of wounded. Prev
tto be renegadess from San grcssing as rapidly as possible, but up
supposed be renegade from Sa
«aTC »»en maker's shop in front of his dwelling and
that God desired them to offer her np as a SHOT, to come back the next day and leave one dol- °f the First Minnesota Regiment Assoc.
sacrifice. But here is a case which exceeds ReeSe Parsons, mulatto, a notorious lar, when the shoes were to be commenced, ation will bo held at Waseca, June 18th
S & S S S S desperady.foralohgtimcleaderofthethicve. The shoemaker's wife, hearinc ah, said not.,- and 19th Yourself and family are earn
taaVcXthe^^^ In Bourbon conntyfwest Virginia, was pur- The next day the shoemaker was out estly inv., ec to he present. Accomoca
—.. in S E inftStto8
AI to he accident & Co. ffitimnt^ri
loss at from $40,000 to $45,000, but they state
that it will certainly reach $100,000, and pos
sibly $130,000. There arc two men yet miss
ing, John McGarry and Michael O'Dowd, and
the work of searching for their bodiessis pro-
A HORRIBLE TRANSACTION
It is reported that last week in Chi
measured for a pair of shoes. The son
Crispin said to the woman: "You havc the
foot Mexico.". Th woman wa
to come back the next day and leave one dol
lar when the shoes were to be commenced
warrant for his ar- womanith the pretty foot called^- |0"9 ,.
justify the act he ordered her to be shot on the
spot by the soldiers, and his orders were
S A N E I TRUE
A Doctor has a Remarkable Mental Vision
—The Murderer and his Victim.
The San Francisco Chronicle publishes
an interview with a noted physician of
that city who is the possessor of a pecu^.
liar order of mental power, in which lie
relates the following experience:
'•It was in the fall of ,18ol, in the days
of primitive morality and laxar justice
San Francisco. I. had been but a few
months in the city,' and liad become mod
erately established in my practice. Ear
ly one morning I was called to attend a
man who had attained some prominence
as a speculator and operator in real estate.
He haddbbeennd discovereldlyinggonnthee
lvin th floor
in a dying condition from
knife wounds, the horrible
.. instrument of his death still remaining
where it had last been thrust into his
evidence of a
desperate struggle having occurred be
fore the unfortunate man yielded to his
fate. He was entirely unconscious in the
spasmodic gasp of death, and he breathed
his last in a very few moments after I
at the afternoon session, June 6, the went out I became conscious, of a
Miller had been teased by boys who »™».i»,.v™nwu •«.« wj» 9 jmacuw,, ami my ininu
a momination of Rev. Geo Wort a
and niysterous presence and my
Detroit,,afoortbishop5,, rejected seemed to passs underr the controll a
yeas. 71 it^
-superio^r« mental I yieldeJd_,a pas-
vote. The clergy next pre- passed before my mental view. It
A S iv
^ISS^^^^^Si!^ was also rejected by the laity. The next nomi- deavoring to ward off a murderous at-
a Rev W a a
payment "of pensions andi direeting'the sccreta" spectacle of the murdei-
.»«•! u«e iiiorumg oi pensions tne remainder of the ten millions of 7 ""'i'"""-' ""J "'J '"-'vc
a lire broke out in. Pier_ & Smith,s. dollars whic.h. hav_e been held.as a special fund •experiencee aassaa physician.. Buii thee
A..U —_.•.= and experienc physician Bu th
propriations for different bureaus,necessary
and no othe
minor provisions, and no general legislation
other than that mentioned as included.
a a a if a
f8 Chicago, suffocating grip upon my throat, while,
with the other, he plunged the deadly
knife again and a again into my body. I
saw his clenched teeth, and his tierce,
cruel eyes gleaming into mine with the
Such were the
nd their comments wereany-
»ntar tom nerve
a a a a a sus
™»""UHCS me apr I found the marks of clenched fin
gers upon the throat of the murdered
man. I knew that I had beheld and ex
perienced the insidents of his death
struggle precisely as they were impress
ed upon my own mind. The stout, bur
ly man of my vision, lull whiskered,
with a red shirt, slouched hat, and a
black kerchief tied loosely about Itis
neck, and that fierce, fiendish glow of
countenance, I could never forget. But
I did not recognize the man, and in those
days suspicion was not safe, based even
upon better foundation than the preten
sions of a soothsayer. I did not care lo
hazard either my life or my professional
reputation in a manner that could ac
complish no good purpose.
"Years after the occurrence, in the
early part of the '00s, I was returning
from a trip to the East, when I meta
gentleman on the steamer on the way up
from Panama. He came aboard at one
of the Mexican ports, accompanied by
one or two others. Acquaintances were
speedily made, aud the usual socially on
shipboard was cultivated. One evening
we were seated at a game of whist, and
the gentleman I specially refer to had
taken a hand as my partner. I was lead
ing out a suit, and incidentally looked
across the table to catch an inspiration
from the countenance of my partner. In
stantly a spell came upon me. The fea
tures of the gentleman assumed a malig
nant expression his full gray beard was
restored to a sable hue he had on a
slouch hat, a black handkerchief, a red
shirt—it was the horrible incarnation of
my vision, standing beside the murdered
man. The shock overcame me, and I
reeled limp and helpless from my chair.
A glass of water revived me. And a
disposition to sudden attacks of
vertigo was the explanation gave to
the sympathizing group. The following
morning the gentleman approached me
while leaning upon the rail and accosted
me with a cordial salution. 'Have we
not met before?' he inquired. 'Just as
you were taken ill last evening I seemed
to catch a sudden glimpse of familiarity
your countenance.' 'I do not know,' I
replied 'were you in San Francisco in
'51?' 'Yes—not as I recollect,' he again
stammered. I was looking in his race
again his features seemed again to gath
er that horrible distortion of malignity
it held me as the fascination of a serpent,
and with a desperate effort I turned away
and hurried from his presence. No ex
planation was asked or made on either
side. I have met the gentleman often
since—a wealthy and respected person—
but there seems to be a repulsive force be
tween us, and of mutual accord we keep
aloof. Do we know each other's minds?
I cannot tell."
You were made to be kind and gener
ous and magnanimous. If there is a boy
in the school v\ ho has a club-foot, don't
let him know you saw it. If there is a
poor boy with ragged clothes, don't talk
about his rags in his hearing. If there is
a lame boy, assign hinr some part of the
game which does not require running.
If there is a dull one help him to get his
lessons. If there is a bright one, be not
envious of him for if one boy is proud of
his talents, and another is envious of
them, these are two great wrongs, and no
more talents than before. If a larger or
is pro stronger boy has injured you, and is sorry
to 11:30 f° it, forgive him and request the teach
er not to punish him. All the school will
show by their countenances how much
better it is to have a great soul than a
great fist.—Horace Mann.
Twelfth Annual Re-Union of the
.„ „„„,„„ „ilos DEAR COMRADE The annual reunion
Th wife then cut a steak out of the dead camp Arrangement have been made
woman's leg and packed the body under the with the Winona & St. Peter, and Miune
bed. The shoemaker came home and ate his apolis & St. Louis railroads for reduced
dinner. The wife asked him how he liked that rate of fare. 6. R. But'KMAN, President,
meat. He answered that "it was the best he K. L. GORMAN, Secretary.
had ever eaten." The wife then told him he Waseca, Minnesota, May 20th, 1879.
had eaten apart of "the prettiest leg in Mexi-
He asked her what she meant. She An Ohio farmer was greatly annoyed
3, all pending nominations, some 300 men in showed him the body under the bed, andmade by the inroads of sheep upon his grain
HOMES IN THE WEST.
Persons looking westward for-home*_
'in procure full information concern!
the GARDEN SPOT! of Iowa and .Minnq=
sota,'by subscribingforthe Worthing
ton ADVANCE, published at Worthingtoii
Minnesota. Send f2 for one year
for six monthsj and 60 cents-for thrbii
months, to "ADVANCE, Worthingtou
Nobles county, Minnesota."
HOUSE, FARM AND GARDEN.
Setting Ont Trees.
The following practical directions for
transplanting fruit trees are furnished by
P.Barry, of the Mount Hope nurseries:
to the Rochester Democrat: '*T
The Soil of Fruit Trees.—The average'
soil to be found in the garden of any
part of our city is good enough in its nat
ural state. All it needs is a good deep
plowing or spading, tofitit for trees. I
must be free from stagnant water. N
me would think of permitting the garden
which surrounds Ids dwelling to remain a
swamp. For health's sake, the drainage
must be perfect. The health of fruit
trees requires this too.
How to Plant.—Inexperienced persons
are very apt to make a great fuss over the
planting of a tree or they will run to the
other extreme and cram it into the ground
as they would a bean pole. Very com
mon errors are planting too deeply
and applying manure around the roots.
No manure is needed at time of plant
ing—wait till the trees get to growing
and then apply the manure, if needed,
on the surface of the ground over the
roots. Dig a hole large enough and deep
enough to receive the roots, spread out
in their natural way, and so that the tree
will stand no deeper in the ground than
it did in the nursery than fill in good
surface earth among the roots carefully,
filling every space. When the spaces are
all filled ai the roots covered, then be
gin to pack the earth as it goes in, and
keep packing firmly till the work is com
plete. To the errors I have already men
tioned—deep planting, and manure at
the roots—I will add the other—loose
planting, which is very general and very
fatal. Don't be afraid of making the
earth too firm about the roots.
The Use Water in Planting.—It is very
common to pour water around the roots
of a tree at planting, without stopping to
inquire why. Unless the soil is extreme
ly dry, in the spring, aud the tree has al
ready commenced to grow, water does
more harm than good. And right here it
may as well be said, if dry weather en
siles after planting so as to'effect the tree
do not sprinkle every day. but remove
two inches of the surface over the roots
and pour water enough logo clear down,
to the lowest roots—replace the earth and
mulch with a little hay, or grass, or straw
or tanbark, or something to
prevent rapid evaporation. Seldom
will any more water be needed.
What Kind of Trees to Plant.—Most
people want large trees, must have large
trees when the planting humor comes
patience seems to be lost—must have
trees that will bear right away. Looking
at trees just of the proper size they win
exclaim, "Who could wait for such whips
to bear?" "We may all be in our graves
before that time.-: True enough there
may be exceptional cases when a few
large trees, removed and planted with ex
traordinary care, may be a success, but in
a general way the trees that plant most
successfully aud thrive best after plant
ing, and ultimately make the most healthy
productive and long-lived tress, are those
transplanted young—say apples three or
four years, pears and plums, two to four
years, cherries two years, peaches one
year. The age means the growth of
the bud or graft, and has no reference to
age of the stock grafted or budded upon.
The older the tree the greater the check
in transplanting, and this is why the
young trees will overtake and pass the
older aud larger tree in the race of growth.
But whatever may be the age, size or
character of your tree, look well to its
roots. Have tliem all, or as many of
them as may be possible, preserved from
mutilation or injury of any kind and pro
tect them from the air, so that they will
not be dried to death before you get them
in the ground. I see people everv year
handling trees as if they, were dry'brush,
and it should be an indictable offence.
What about Prunning at tlie time of
Transplanting?—This is a mooted ques
tion, but long experience shows that
whatever theory may teach, it is safe to
shorten back the branches at time of
planting this by reducing the number
of leaf buds, and consequently leaves, re-
duces their evaporating powers while the
tree is forming new roots and getting
used to its new home. A good rule, as
far as we can make a rule, is to cut back
the young shoots to two or three buds at
the base, and where shoots are too close
cutout some of thein altogether.
How far apart should Trees be Planted?
—The average distance may be given as
follows: Standard trees—Apples, thirty
feet, pears and cherries, twenty feet, the
smaller class of cherries will do very well
at fifteu to eighteen feet plums, peaches,
apricots and nectarines, sixteen to eigh
teen feet, quinces, ten to twelve, feet.
Dwarf trees—Apples on paradise stock,
six feet apart, and nothing in the whole
range of fruit culture is more interesting
than these miniature apple trc«s, three ir
four feet in height and the same in diam
eter, whether in blossom or fruit. Pears,
cherries and plums, ten to twelve feet,
Currants, gooseberries and raspberries,
three to four feet. These distances can
of course be varied to suit circumstances.
The best soil is a mellow clay or sandy
loam. Prepare the land as for corn, fit
ted in the nicest manner. Plant ten days
or two weeks after planting corn. Marrow
beans require one anil one-eighth bushels
seeds per acre mediums three-fourths of
a bushel pea"beans one-half bushel kid
ney or other large beans more, in pro
portion to size. A fair crop is twenty,
bushels per acre.
An old farmer once said he would not
have a hired man on his farm who did
not habitually whistle. He always hired
wliistlers. He never knew a wlustling
laborer to find fault with his food, his bed,
or complain of any extra work he was
asked to perforin. Such a man was gen
erally kind to children and animals in his
care. He would whistle a chilled lamb
into warmth and life, and would bring
in his hat full of eggs from the barn with
out breaking one of them. He found
such a man more careful about closing
gates, putting up bars, and seeing that the
nuts on his plow were all properly tight
ened before he took it out into the field.
He never knew a whistling hired man to
beat or kick a cow or drive her on a run
into the stable. He had noticed that the
sheep that he fed in the yard or shed
gathered around him as he whistled
without fear. He had never?*employed a
whistler who was not thoughtful and
A physician in a country town, who
had been annoyed by numerous questions
concerning the condition of a patient,
was stopped, while on his busy rounds',
by the old question, "How's M.?" "Ill
replied the physician. "Does he keep his
bed?" "Of course he does. You don't
suppose he's fool enough to sell his bed
when he's so ill, do you?"