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W THE FARMING WORLD.
PLANTING THE CORN.
tfce Soil Mellow and Cine and
If good stand of corn is secured,
care must be taken first to have good
seed and then to plant under such con
ditions as will bring' a quick germina
tion of the seed and a thrifty start to
grow. Plants, like animals, are easily
stunted when young, and no after treat
ment will wholly overcome the effects
While it is best to plant reasonably
early, it is of no advantage to plant
when the soil is wet or cold, or before
it has been carefully prepared. Better
delay the planting rather than to plant
under unfavorable conditions. Corn
is a crop that should germinate in a
short time after the seed is planted,
and the plants should make a steady
growth to maturity.
Plow deep and thorough. If the
ground has been plowed during the
fall or winter go over it with a disk
or spading harrow. It is an item to
have the soil mellow and fine and stirred
Taking one year with another, deep
plowing or stirring of the soil before
planting should be the rule, with shal
low, thorough cultivation afterwards.
It is only occasionally that it will be
best to plow or cultivate deep after tha
plants are up. Generally thorough stir
ring of the soil keeping down the weeds,
and the soil fine and mellow, will give
better results than to plow or culti
Bather more and better corn can be
grown by planting in drills than in
hills, but it is nearly always done at
an increased cost. In nearly all cases
it will cost more to give clean cultiva
tion with drill-planting than with hill.
But where the land is free from weeds,
so that the cost of cultivating is not
increased too much, drill planting will
give the best growth and yield.
But in an average soil, it is usually
more economical to plant in hills far
enough apart each way, so that cultiva
tion can be given both ways. One ad
vantage in using only good seed and
planting under the most favorable con
ditions is that just the number of plants
wanted in each hill, that many kernels
of corn can be dropped.
While it is better to thin out than
to replant, both of these may usually
be avoided by using good ^eed and tak
ing care in planting. When the soil
is warm and dry deep covering will be
best. If the soil is rather wet or cold,
it will be best to cover shallow. The
fertility of the soil must determine the
number of stalks in each hill. It is bet
ter to have one or two strong, vigorous
plants than three or four small, un
thrifty ones. It is better to thin out
than to let the plants stand so thick
as to stunt their growth.—St. Louis
WARBLES IN CATTLE.
Simple Remedy Successfully- Used by
an Ohio Farmer.
I am no doctor, just an ordinary farm
er, but I think I have found a very sim
ple remedy for warbles in cattle, that is
far ahead of using a sharp knife and the
disagreeableness of squeezing them
out. Y011 know "an ounce of preven
tive is worth a pound of cure."
My remedy is to grease the backs of
the cattle with any kind of soft grease,
between the middle of Jane aad the
middle of August, using it upon them
twice a month between those periods.
It might be well to mix some oil of
cedar or oil of pine with the grease.
have not used either of the oils, but in
tend to this coming season, as I have
been informed that cattle in the cedar
and pine regions are never bothered
with warbles. Using the grease upon
them keeps the flies from depositing
their eggs or nits, as flies will not light
in grease (if they can help it). I do
not know the exact time that the flies
commence their depredations on the
cattle it may be a little later than
Last season I only greased the backs
of two of my cattle (that was in July)
that I expected to beef, so as to get a
cent more on the pound for the hides,
which I did, as there was not a warbls
in them. The other six head were full
of warbles when I butchered, which
was in the middle of January. That
proves that the grease did the work.
I expect to grease all of than next sea
son. If this remedy proves successful
it. will be a great saving of feed lor the
cattle, also a saving of money in hides,
and above all a great relief to the cat
tle.—Newell C. Whitelock, in Ohio
TRAP FOR SMALL GAME.
It la Jmmt aa Good aa tke Moat Expeiu
This trap can be made by any farm
er's boy a is a trap door held up by
two cords attached to lever b, which
rests on fulcrum e, a trigger, is a
short stick made as illustrated, and is
attached to the end of lever by a short
cord. The trigger passes through a
•mall hole in the top of the trap, and
A HOMEMADE TRAP.
catches on the front edge. The sketch
shows the trap set. Grain.is used for
bait, but carrots or cabbage are much
liked by rabbits. Place the bait in the
further end of the trap so that it can
not be taken out without touching the
trigger, which flies np and down drops
the door, caging the game. 6. L.
jfimej, in Warm and Hone,
NEAT CABINET NESTS.
IMejr Are Compact, Readily Moved,
aad Easy to Cleaa.
They consist of box, 40 inches square,
18 inches deep, with two upright par
titions IS inches wide, equal distance
apart. Small cleats are on each side,
for the nest to slide in. The back can
be covered with any light material,
such as old zinc, or an old oilcloth held
in place with light strips. The nests
are made of a board wide enough to
fill the place, and IS inches long, with
an upright piece five inches wide con
caved, for the front of nest, nailed to
the bottom, 12 inches from the back
end. They should be made interchange
able, so if a hen wants to sit on either
one, let her have her own nest, by
moving hen and nest together, into
either row you wish. The doors are
made seven inches wide, hinged to sides
by large screws, and should, when
closed, leave the open space at top and
The advantages of these nests are
many. They are compact, easily moved,
easy to clean, and other hens cannot
disturb the sitters. The sitting hens
are confined, but cannot break the eggs
if they try to get off the nest is weil
ventilated and secluded, and can be
closed at night so the hens cannot roost
in them. One is sufficient for 50 lay
ing hens. I have used one for sitting
and one for laying for a number of
years. I originated the idea, and have
seen nothing I like as well.—Cor. Orange
ABOUT COMB BUILDING.
It Does Not Pay to Let Bees Make
Their Own Foundation.
The man who ailows his bees to build
their own foundation is merely wasting
the time of the bees. Sometimes it
seems like spending a great deal of
money that might be saved to buy
foundation, but it is really economical
to do so. Honey comb is made of
practically pure wax, and this is, in
fact, the fat of the bees. It is under the
scales of the abdomen and may be seen
there if the bee is put under a glass of
very ordinary magnifying power. This
wax is pulled from its place by the claws
of the bees and worked into comb, and
this operation takes time that is lost
when the colony might be storing aectar
if the foundation has been furnished.
No man has been able to make founda
tion that is as soft and pliable as the
comb the bees make, but a pretty fair
imitation is made that answers all prac
When honey comb is first madp it is,
as every one knows, sweet and perfectly
palatable, but as soon as brood begins to
be grown in it, each embryo weaves a
thin cocoon that is never removed, and
the cell becomes smaller and the comb
darker with each succeeding brood
hatched in it. This makes the bees
grow smaller and smaller, and such
comb should be cut out and melted down
for sale before it gets too dark to find
a place to keep them.
Where sections are u?*»d the comb is,
of course, removed often and sold, and
here is where the most profitable use of
foundation comes in.—Journal of Agri
WITH THE BUSY BEES.
A worker grub can be transformed in
to a queen when it is five or six days
In breeding queens artificially it la
important to get good cells for brood of
the right age.
In each family of bees there are three
distinct kinds, which differ in form,
color, structure, size, habits and func
With no drone cells the queen will
sometimes lay drone eggs in worker
cells, in which drones will then be
The function of the queen is simply
to lay eggs and thus keep- the colony
populous. A good queen in good condi
tion will lay 2,000 or 3,000 eggs in a
The activity of queens is governed
largely by the activity of the workers.
While the workers are storing honey
she will lay sparingly. She is stimulat
ed to lay when all is life and activity
in the hive.—St. Louis Republic.
Raising Geese, for Market.
If the flock of geese is given a grass
plat it will be all that they will require,
in winter, however, they should have a
mess of ground food once a day. Old
geese do not sell in market, and it is a
waste of time and money to attempt to
so dispose of than. Keep the old ones
for' breeding purposes, as they will be
serviceable for from ten to twenty
years, and sell the young ones. One
gander may be kept with, two geese.
There is also a fair profit in feathers.
The Embden gander and Toulouse
geese produce excellent offspring far
—Gen. Horace Porter recently re
marked that Boston is not a city, but a
state of mind.
—Berlin reported 48,806 babies, in
1895, of which 7,072—over one-seventh
—M. Chaplain, the well-known med
allist and engraver, having resigned
the directorship of the Sevres porcelain
factory because he did not- understand
the business, the French government
has appointed an architect to take his
—Toothache will no longer be accept
ed by the Geneva (Switzerland) post
office as an excuse for absence of em
ployes. The canton superintendent has
issued a circular directing them to have
their teeth extracted rather than have
the service suffer.
—Miss Sarah Beatty, aged 78, who
ran a little farm near Kokomo, Ind.,
o.nd lived alone, was lately found in the
chair, where she had sat for four days,
dead. An envelope in her pocket con
tained $100, and in the clock were bank
notes representing $900 more.
—John Zimmerer, of Towson, Mdn
brought his brother of exactly the same
name, before a magistrate to prove his
right to naturalization. Then was dis*
closed the remarkable intelligence that
he had three brothers named John
three brothers named George, and three
sisters named Margaret.
—A considerable quantity of forged
Bank of England notes now being in
circulation, the lawyers of that insti
tution have issued a warning, which
applies to forged bank notes of every
kind. According to this a bogus bank
note may always be distinguished from
the genuine by its inferiority in size.
—A lady in Calais, Me., found a purse
containing 33 cents in front of a store,
She gave it to the storekeeper, who
hung it up in the window, under thin
inscription: "Found—This purse, con
taining a large sum of money." The
next morning there was a large hole
in the plate-glass window, and the
purse was gone.
—A snake charmer was giving an ex
hibition in a grocery store in Savoy,
Tex., and had five reptiles coiled about
liis neck, arms, etc. Suddenly a rattlei
bit him on the finger, and the man be
came frightened and flung the rep
tiles from him. The spectators dashed
into the street, and the grocer allowed
the snakes to take full charge of the
—A lady has made to Secretary Long
the suggestion that, instead of giving
the names of our great admirals to our
diminutive war craft, the torpedo boats,
the latter should bear the names of In
dian chiefs or tribes that have achieved
fame in our national history. During
the civil war this was the custom, but
the names have disappeared with the
ships which they designated.
THE FLOOR OF A CHURCH.
The Source from Which the Deslfi
of the Stars and Stripes Came.
The origin of national flags would be
a deep, unfathoma-bly deep subject in
most cases, but our flag, the stars and
stripes, is so yo-ung in this old world
that it is possible to find out a good deal
about its origin still even as to ours we
can only guess how in its first form it
came to be just as it was, but the guess
is so well founded that it ought to sat
isfy Yankees seeking the source of the
Yankee flag. The first flag of the United
States of America was raised by Wash
ington at Cambridge, Mass., January
2, 1776. It consisted of 13 stripes, al
ternate red and white, with a blue field
emblazoned with the crosses of St.
George and St. Andrew. The next year
congress substituted 13 white stars for
the congress. Now in Northampton
shire, in England, in a village called
Great Brington, is an old church con
taining the tomb of one of George
Washington's ancestors. It is in
scribed to the memory of Lawrence
Washington, who died in 1616, leaving
behind him (this is on the tomb, mind
you) eight sons and nine daughters.
Two of these sons emigrated to Amer
ica, and from one of them descended
our great man. Several of the Wash
ington family of the same generation
are buried here, and the Washington
coat of arms is engraved on one, bear
ing an inscription to "Eliz. Washing
ton," who died in 1G22. Now on this
coat of arftis appear three stars, with
the stripes or bars beneath them. No
one could see it without being remind
ed of the "star spangled banner." Un
doubtedly when Washington was ar
ranging to raise that flag- at Cambridge,
and arranging the flag too, he took the
idea of the stripe6 from his own old
coat of arms. Not wanting to make Hm
new banner too personal, so to speak,
he kept -the blue field and the crosses,
used in the British flag, but congress,
when it took up the subject, was pleased
to follow the old coat of arms ttuMf
longed to the great general, who was
fighting for them, and substituting the
beautiful stars for the crosses that the
red coats earned. Charles Sumner
took a deep interest in all these traces
of the Washington family in Eng-ijyn^
and he once said: "The source of the
design of the American flag lies on the
old floor of Brington church." He
a copy of the coat of arms made by a
local mason, in native stone.—Chicago
His First Trip.
He had never been in one of the fast
elevators. He went to the top all right.
Then came the descent. It was
lightning. The boy pushed him out,
and was about to close the door, when
the old gent hollered out:
"Hold on, thar I want ter gobock."
"I left my stummick up thar."—X.
She—Oh, Jack, here's a pearl in this
He (excitedly)—Ethel, may—may
!have it set in an engagement ^ngy—
A SCIENTIST SAYm
Prealdeat Barnahy, of HartovUle Col
SmrrlTM a Serious Illness
Through the Aid of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pill* for Pale People.
From the Republican, Columbus, Ind.
The Hartsville College, situated at Harts
ville, Indiana, was founded years ago in the
interest of the United Brethren Church,
when the state was mostly a wilderness, and
colleges were scaree. The college is well
known throughout the country, former stu
dents having gone into all parts of the world.
PROF. ALVIN P. BARNABY.
A reporter recently called at this famous
seat of learning and was shown into
of the President, Prof. Alvin P. Barnaby.
When last seen by the reporter Prof. Barn
aby was in delicate health. To-day he was
apparently in the best of health. In re
sponse to an inquiry the professor said:
"Oh, yes, lam much better than for some
time. I am now in perfect health but my
recovery was brought about in rather a
"Tell me about it," said the reporter.
"Well, to begin at the beginning," said
the professor, "I studied too hard when at
school, endeavoring to educate myself for
the professions. After completing the com
mon course I came here, and graduated from
the theological course. I entered the min
istry and accepted the charge of a United
Brethren Church at a small place in Kent
County, Mich. Being of an ambitious na
ture, I applied myself diligently to my work
and studies. In time I noticed that my
health was failing. My trouble was indiges
tion, and this with other troubles brought
"My physician prescribed for me for some
time, and advised me to take a change of
climate. I did as requested and was some
improved. Soon after I came here as a pro
fessor in physics and chemistry, and later
was financial agent of this college. The
change agreed with me, and for awhile my
health was better, but my duties were heavy,
and again I found my trouble returning.
This time it was more severe and in the
winter I became completely prostrated. I
tried various medicines and different physi
cians. Finally I was able to return to my
duties. Last spring I was eleeted president
of the college. Again I had considerable
work, and tne trouble, which had not been
entirely cured, began to affect me, and
last fall I collapsed. I had different doctors,
but none did me any good. Professor Bow
man, who is professor of natural science, told
of his experience with Dr. Williams'Pink
for Pale People, and urged me to give
them a trial, because they had benefited
him in a similar case, and I concluded to try
"The first box helped me, and the second
gave great relief, such as I had never experi
enced from the treatment of any physician.
After using six boxes of the medicine I was
entirely cured. To-day I am perfectly well.'
I feel better and stronger than for years. I
certainly recommend this medicine."
To allay all doubt Prof. Barnaby cheer
fully made an affidavit before
LYMAN J. SCIIDDER, Notary Public.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
are sold by all dealers, or will be sent post
paid on receipt of price, 50 cents a box or
six boxes for $2J50 (they are never sold in
bulk, or by the 100), by addressing Dr. Wil
liams' Medicine Co., Schenectady, N. Y.
The Human Body'* Tlrelers Organs.
Man has within him a stationary en
gine called his heart, which, with its
veins and arteries, constitutes a perfect
system of hydraulics, compared with
which man's best work is clumsy, in
tricate and wastefoL The lungs area
working bellows, the most perfect
method of sanitary ventilation. The
stomach is a working vat of marvelous
perfection. The brain is a wondrousr
condenser, and the skin is a great
working evaporator, with reserve auto
matic appliances, ready for extra work
in moments of need. All these are in
action at all times, day and night, tire
less, unceasing, self-winding and re
pairing, for 70 years or more.—Ladies'
The veteran actor said: "Oh, yes, in
deed, yon certainly are quite mistaken
in thinking there is no practical differ
ence between the romantic drama and
the realistic drama. Yes. Now, to il
lustrate, I have been hero in both, and
in both have I gathered the heroine to
my bosom. In the romantic drama a
celluloid bosom went in the realistic
drama nothing but linen would go for
a minute."—Detroit JournaL
Mrs. Pancake—I can't see why a
great, big fellow like you should beg
Hungry Hank—Well, mum. I s'pose
me size helps to gfanme an appetite!—
N. Y. Truth.
V-iiL .'fc~ 1 ...£&£• ^i. Une
PERSONAL AMP LITERARY,
The late "Oliver Optic" once wrote
a play for his son-in-law, Sol Smith
Russell, but it didn't seem to strike the
—Among the new ^chevaliers of the
Legion of Honor are two Americans,
W. T. Donnat, the painter, and John
Wan a maker's son, Rodman.
—John Biddnlph Martin, the London
banker who married Mrs. Victoria
Woodhull, died lately at Las Palmas
in the Canary isles, of pneumonia.
—Princess Marie von Rohenlohe,
wife of the imperial chancellor of Ger
many, performed the notable feat of
killing a bear while hunting on her
estates in Russia. The princess is 68
—Mr. Hanna has more mail than any
other two men in congress, and he
never receives a letter that is not an
swered courteously, concisely and com
pletely. Mr. Hsnna's mail is averag
ing considerable over 800 letters a day.
—Roscoe Conkling Brace, son of ex
Senator Blanche E. Bruce, of Missis
sippi, is a student at Phillips Exeter
academy, in New Hampshire, and made
a striking impression in the chapel the
other day by his rendering of Blaine's
oration on Garfield.
Why the Warehouse Bill Should Pass.
For a number of years the tendency in
prices of grain has been downward and the
intermediate charges on grain between tha
producer and the consumer in the way of
commissions have become of more and more
importance to the producer. The reduction
of such charges to a
has become an
absolute necessity. The reduction has come
about naturally through active competition
by dealers in a half dozen cities which are
reaching out for the grain business of the
west. The public warehouses have been a
most important factor in furnishing to the
farmers of Illinois a broad and antive mar
ket. This has been done without interfer
ing with the business of the country grain
merchants. A system has been developed
which has proved entirely satisfactory to
the country at large, but "apparently is not
satisfactory to a little coterie of dealers on
the Chicago Board of Trade. This coterie
has attacked the proprietors of public ele
vators on every possible ground and has de
nied them the right in common with other
grain merchants to buy and sell grain. The
public warehousemen for years have dealt
in strain and the competition stimulated by
their position in the trade has been most
beneficial to the interests of the farmer.
While the custom of warehousemen deal
ing in graft* has been established by cus
tom the Illinois statutes are silent as to their
rights and powers. The bill now in the leg
islature clearly defines their rights and
meets any objection which could be raised
to their acting in the capacity of grain mer
chants and warehousemen at the s^rne time.
The proposed legislation is in the interests
of the producers of grain throughout the
state and should be enacted. The opposi
tion comes from the Chicago Board of Trade
people who have been persistently fighting
he elevator interests for. years. They have
raised the cry of monopoly and arc attempt
ing to discredit the warehouse bills. They
have made the most reckless assertions as
to the prospective results under the pro
posed law, while the fact is that the law aoea
not contemplate any new order of things,
bnt simply a continuation of the system
which is familiar to the state at large. The
people leading the attack on the bill are
singularly inconsistent. Their objection to
a warehouseman dealing in grain is that he
is placed in a position to discriminate be
tween himself and other owners of grain
stored in his warehouse to the prejudice
of the other owners. This objection is fully
met by the section which provides for su
pervision of the warehouse business by the
state. The Chicago Board of Trade less
than two years ago made a demand on the
warehousemen for just such supervision as
is now contemplated, but which eould not
be granted without a change in the state
Why did that rude-looking train-boy
bite the quarter I gave him?" "He's an ex
cowboy from Texas, ma'am and they fre
quently bite the dust out there."
I was a boy I was
troubled with dropsy,'
my legs swelling until I
could not walk and finally
I bursting open and beeom
ing running sores. The doc
tors gave»me up- and said 11
could not live. At this time I'
began to use Ayer's Sarsapa-1
^rilla and after taking fourteen
bottles I was able to get out and'
'goto work. My leg is still tender1
and at times somewhat sore but I
have no hesitancy in paying Ayer's
Sarsaparills saved my life."—J. F.
Hazibl, Tallnlah, La., Nov. 21,189&.
I EacpsboCb ridcrtad twMTr per
IfectJy dry in the hardest storms.
Fish fend Panel Sicker—
(entirely new. If not for sale to
nDODQY MSCOfTKBTt dm
WlfVrO qoiekreitef and piiu»wit
ohil amtta rar book oi tHtlnaniali asui IO Ak
tratecatFrce. MLI«nn —S, iHw?
Yucatan, it is perfection.
HE thought that he could trifle
with disease., He was not
down in health, felt tired aotf
won ort, complained of dizzi
ness, bHSoosness, backaches
and headaches. His liver and
kidneys were out of order.
He thought to get well by
dosing himself with cheap
remedies. And then came
the ending. He fell a victim
to Bright** disease I The
money he ought to have in
vested in a safe, lyAable
remedy went for a tombstone.
is the only standard remedy
in the world for kidney and
liver complaints. It Hie
only remedy which physicians
universally prescribe. It is
the only remedy that is back
ed by the testimony of thou
sands whom it has relieved
THERE IS NOTHINC ELSE
THAT CAM TAKE IT PLA
Shake Into Tou Shoes
Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder for the feeL
Cures painful, swollen, smarting feet and in
stantly takes the sting out of corns and bun
ions. Greatest comfort discovery of th®~
age. Allen's Foot-Ease makes tight or new
shoes feel easy. Is a certain cure for sweat
ing, callous, hot, tired, aching feet. Try it
to-day. Sold by all druggists and shoe
stores, 25c. Trial package FREE. Addresa.
Allen S. Olmstead, Le Roy, N. Y.
To have a respect for ourselves guides oar
morals, and to have a deference for others,
governs our manners.—N. Y. Weekly.
A dip—a sprain—lame. St. Jacobs Oil
cures it all the same.
The great objection we have to the
who blows his own trumpet is in the tuna
he selects.—N. Y. Weekly.
Piso's Cure for Consumption has saved me
many a doctor's bill.—S. F. Hardy, Hop
kins Place, Baltimore, Md., Dec. 2,1894.
A man with two faces never needs-but one
pair of feet.—Ram's Horn.
When bilious or costive eat a Cascaret,.
candy cathartic, cure guaranteed. 10c, 25c.
Pretend to know and you will become an
empty shell.—Ram's Horn.
Don't refuse or excuse—St. Jacobs Oil's
the cure for bruise.
Men tire of everything else it is a wonder
they do not tire of life.
Cascarets stimulate liver, kidneys and
bowels. Never sicken, weaken or gripe, 10c.
Gorge the memory and starve the under
Long and Short—years with rheumatism
no time with St. Jacobs Oil—and a cure.
A second-hand store is the loneliest look
ing place on earth.
Just try a 10c box of Cascarets candy ca~
thartic,finest liver and bowel regulator made.
Why are you afraid in the dark ?—Atchison
Wrinkles come with neuralgia. They go
with St. Jacobs Oil's cure of it.
aiEzpoiittioc^to b* held at
'. Can ba okuiatd
ZeeeSa lweteee to C. !•.
fniar and fiekat
•Scaitan Stmt, CIICAM, ILL.
•SSEfiSS&fi* BSFFiLQ, i.
CMSBOMf HMD BCTCLES $5 TO $15—
Mtmakem. OOODASSBW. Swt WriMaS
m*.Listsfree.T ff MmtrTrWl'Ti rtilraf