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The Norfolk Virginian. (Norfolk, Va.) 186?-189?, January 01, 1895, Image 10

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$91,198,348.00
The Virginian's Trade Review
for 1894.
H SHOWING UHSUBPPSSED l? THE HISTORY OF THE CITY
It Is a Record of Progress and Development of Push
and Linterprise.
TflE FIGURES PRESENTEDjjEJLOWT BHD CONVINCING
They Show a Jubilee Year Epoch With Others to Follow
of Greater Magnitude.
JILL BRBHCHES OF BOSIPHHOW STEADY l|HP80VEplEHT
piantylng Foiwaio to Occupy Her Proud Position as me Business Jileiio
poiis jjf me Souin.
THE PREDICTIONS OF lYIAURY AND DUDLEY IVIANfl BEING VERIFIED
A Great Array in the million Line in the Various Branches o!
Our Rapidly Growing Trade.
The Virginias, with more thiiu I
ordinary gratification, presents its j
review of tho trade of Norfolk for
the year 1894, just olosed, anil it is;
confident it ^ili he received with a
eiwilnr feeling on thu part of every I
well wisher of our city aud section. I
Tho figures exhibited demonstrate |
the rBj i 1 stride Norfolk is taking m
its march for metropolitan position
among tho great cities of the Smith.
In 1884, the trade exhibit ot Nor
folk, as presented by Tin? Virgin?
ias, gave a business of S is,007,000.
In ten years from thnt- tune its
business hud increased to the great
figure of $31,198.348, When it ?s
considered t lint tuo year just closed
was one of great depression in nil
lines of bnsiuess in nil sections of
tho country the showing is a re?
markable one, tho increase being
$43.190,848, approaching very uoar
double the volume of 1884.
! he statistics prescutod in detail
in Thu VutatNiAN of this issue will
conviiico all that Norfolk enters
upon lue new yenr of nor future
uuder the most fortunate auspices.
She has reached a position which
impels; her forward with a quicker
step than ever before in her history.
Her struies hereafter will be long
ones; hor development more rapid.
In 1884:her population was about 23,
000; to day it reaches close to 50,000,
and within u three mile radius
and at her gates there is a popula?
tion of fully 50,000 more. Her area
liiii- been extended since 18~s7 from
880 acref to 2,470 acres.nud soon she
will occupy all tho territory between
tho mouths of Tnnuer'e and Hroud
creek*, and the prospect is brighter
tuun ever boforo for the "GREATER
NORFOLK," embracing ml the ter?
ritory lipon tho banks of the beanti
ful Elizabeth and its graceful
branches. With a railroad couneo
tiou of nearly 18,000 miles.furnished
by nine linos of railway that make
the harbor of Norfolk their terminal;
with sixteen hues of coastwise steam
ships, aud two direct lines to Kit
rope, why should not Norfolk ait
vaueo in commercial aud business
greatness with rapidity?
If she hus so wonderfully devel?
oped during the past low years?
years of depression unknown iu the
history of the country, without ouj
of tho inllneuees of u "boom"?whit
can be the.t conclusion other than
now, that u brighter und more pros
perotis era is dawning upon the
conutry, that Norfolk will keep step '
to tho music of progress and devel
opmeut with finer prospects aud
tinder more encouraging auspices
than any city iu the United Slates
The VutciiM n. to this end, with the
same confidence, the sumo faith, the
same resolution, that litis ever aui
muted its cilons during its eventful
history in all that conduces to thi
growth and prosperity of Norfolk,
will discharge its duty in the mutier,
and bespeuks a generous ao opera
tiou upon the purl ol ull the people,
The figures presented below have
been compiled with ull the care pos
Bible:
BUSINESS EXHIBIT FQR THE YEAR
'So.?
Coiton.s l4.$>;i:i.:i \:>
Oroceiie?. I ?I.OIMI.OUII
IAtu.bei. I3.00U.OUO
Coil. U,OOU.OUil
'track. 0.200.0IMI
l?ry Go d>. :| OUO.OUl)
One liny, Ketd. dec. :t,OOU,Oiui
A.i.(..,.r> (nut malt). 2,500,00li
Kerli i/.e.a. 2.000,0011
<?>? ers. 3,0U0,0U(|
rishanii . i,ooo.otiii
llootsand ?hin. I ,'>!.u.oiiii
Tobacco and i'iy.ira. I.UtfU.OOtl
Peanut*. L,OSO.001)
Clotbiog. 1,300,00(1
uei e.al o minis ion. 1,500.000
l-'lour. Mea ,-&< . 1,4:13.0011
Building .'.'.ate inl. 1,300.00(1
lionet and Mul* .? 1,000,0 .u
Maoufsetur? I Knl il c ? .od-.. I.OUO.Oi.?
llauulactu ed Han ein and coji
t-raK'-. I.00U.00II
Live .-i.uk. St0.00(1
Drugs, faints, I !:? tea. SOO.Odd
JJ..rd?ni.-. 95(i.OII(>
Jlnck at d io:, W ik-. 750,000
fclnii CbandUrj, it. K Rod S.
.Su |iliet. 323.00(1
Furniture. I.do.one
Jlao anil Cant. 350.000
Agricultural lupement* . 45D.Oi>0
Bakeries. 1150,080
CoB vctl norlci.-z lain OOU
Fouodrlta and Iron Works. itOO.OOU
Carriages, IViigonsnud Harne s. 350.OO0
Kleves aiiil Tinware. 5O0.O00
Ilooks, Stationery on IM isle. 3HO,000
Jeirelrr.Watclie. nud Clocks. 300,000
Sblp Kailwayi. 350,000
Frul i. ?30.000
Crnckvrj aud Cliiiiuw.tre. 350,000
Brewetn Agents. 230.000
2Tiw-|ianors and J l> Printl n. .. I?a,OUU
Crrosoluig Werkt. ?'?3,00(1
Jcci !fct?i . us. 1 5?r,0U0
Bag* and l>Hj:niii;:. 30.000
i eattici auu .s..uo Find ugs. ;j.'..n<;ii
Miivellaaeous. 3,000,000
aoi.tos.itis
The fignres presented above and
Ute buoj total Ulla the story of ad
vnnoement, The following figures,
compiled from the books of the
Chamber of Commerce, as kept by
Captain Samuel 11. liorum, secretary
ami monuger. will thua Rive an ex
eolleot idea of tbe growth of the re
ceipta of merchandise from 1888 to
vein ending December diet, 1893. It
these figures are correct they show
hu increase of 151,121*734 feet oi
lumber, 15,744,118 feet of logs, 649,
Mil stave?, 10,680.063 shingles,
12,('.17 tons of hay, 254,305 bushel'
of corn, 124,071 bushels of oats, 1,7.),?
1157 bushels of meal, 22,961 bushels
of rice, 43,144 bushels of bran, 329,
356 bushels of peanuts, 2,391 bugs ol
coffee, 80,908 barrels of sugar, 10,
;Y.<!) boxes of cheese, 1,781 tubs of
butter, 4!?,84tj barrels of Hour,
4,117,202 bags of Hour, 22,239 bar
reis of cotton seed oil, 12,690 barrels
naval stores, 3,801 head of horses,
3,95 I bead of cattle, 979,971 tons of
coal, 80,245 tons of pig irou, and
2,797 tons of coke. The comparison
is as follows:
TRADE FIGURES IN 1893 COMPARE!:
WITH 1888.
ARTICLE. I8SS, 1893.
Lumber, let.I3S,02:.,2*I 289,74? W*
l.og?,feet.W .v, i 121 .SSI 111
>\:t\K*. ,060. 0^9iOtt
Shingles. 30,714,540 4l,.iy..,:j
uk a is, KTC.
Uav, tons. 7,7u'J ?0,371
Cora, bushels. 73'>.s.">s l,o.n,n;
Obis, b.>li Ii. 247,970 372,011
Meal.biisliets. H!?,a24 S|2,W
Itouvb Itlce, bush !?>.. r.,l6S 29,12t
Hi n.b islieis. 103,442 140,58
I'eauuia, bags ? i'our
busbo-Uouch. 2S9,ll?2 361,50!
Ii R?CK III KS.
Coffee, bnns. 10,024 12,11
.-nur, barrels. 30.154 60,0t
' hits ?. boxes. 14,108 24.Y0
Mutter, tuba. 20,185 24,901
I bun, I arrcU. 1SI.793 231,01
1 lolir, ba^s. 2,30v) 4iJ,.'w.
Ml CBLLAJiltOVS.
Cotton Seed Oil, bids* 8.799 28,0S<
Nsva Stores, Oerrels, 14 ivs 2? s
iL.rs s. bend. 922 4,7 i
t..??*
o?;, tons. 9"tt >'i'j li
Ul.S"
'.'?kc. ions. ICS 2,1)0
For the eleven mouths of the yeat
1894, to 1st of December, the re?
ceipts of the articles enumeruteu
above huvo been as follows: 275,
4)4.490 toet of lumber, 120,498,601
feet of logs, 4,774,914 staves, 36,244,
332 sliiugles, 21,993 tons of hay,
I, 302,271 bushels of corn, 240,08.
bushels of outs, 219,161 bushels ol
meal; 106,760 bushels of bruud,
190 bags (4 bushels each) peanut-.
II, 069 bags of coffee, 4,456 barrels
-tigur. 17,r.47 tuns ol butter, 293,071
barrels of llour, l?s,^;i? bugs ol
dour, 115,271 barrels of lish an.;
1,077.495 pound- bulk meat.
NORFOLK'S EXPORT TRADE.
The export hueiuesa of Norfolk
or the year eudiug 3rd day ol No
\ember amounted to?8,49 1,981. Tin
tigures by mouths uru us lollows:
! Kreml.? r, l>--.M.\> I ttlS||,||<2<
Unuary, I8U4. j.-2> i
Kibru iy. >>s.sl ;
Mureb. 004.3(1;
, Ajii it. I.Ott) ...i
day. ?j-ii.u.v
, lane. :?.',:<,.*> I!
i'ly.
\U? el . ?1.1U.7I |l
?- , ? nUi. i ik.i.v:;
. '. 'Jill..',;,
November. 'JsJ.I, i:ij,
I Total.?s,iur,'?>Ti
The following is tbe value of tbe
articles exported:
Cotton.45,7.1(1.:i!i I
1 "<l. ."ttii.iiso
Coru ; n l wueat. .l!?7, l?.'i
t'uvur. I!I-2.?s;,
Cotton sc it meal and nil. IS.'I.OSI
- mi- gue>e and paints. j n.u I:
lavs. 481.ti.VJ
-t-V'S. ls:?.?s-j
i:.uk, touts .mil rcitiliters. ?>.">.0-2
Cittle. SitMSS
fob ct o nod poauuts. ;tl:t. Ilti
Miscellaneous. .">:). i:? i
Total.t8,4tttt,0SI
THE IIVIORT TRADE.
The iruimrt business reached a
total of 117,4U.^, and consisted of
the following articles;
Salt.S 2,201?
Sugar.- 44,680
I'otnsh. 21,495
Kaimt. 24,10
l'ohacco. 862
Miscellaneous. 4,120
Total.8117,468
MANUFACTURING INTERESTS.
A Very Marked Increase in Manufac?
tures.
Norfolk has shown a verv marked
increase in tho building up ofmauu
fuctures since 1880. Tbe showing
of the census of 181)0 is that her in
oruttse iu this respect was greater
than that of any other city in Vir?
ginia. The corupuriaou in taken from
the cen-us bulletin No. 253, and is
as follows:
16S0 18S0
Capital.8 67u,-'7'; on 13,120,810 m>
llinda employed. 7.12 00 2,791 0?
Wages pa'd. 817.VJ? 00 1,29 .'.813 00
Material uaad... s?i.u20 oo 2.2-? its oo
V.i'u of product. 1,455,937 00 4,ca? i?B 00
Avcia 6 wams per
cap.la. 419 53 403 15
It is a showing of remarkable pro
gress. The profits upon invested
capital have been large. The wages
paid, and the miscellaneous ex?
penses, tue lutter being '3*255,138,
represont the total cost of manufao
turos, uud in this instance amount to
$3,776.207, while the value of the
product is $4,684,263, giving a profit
of $857,996, which is aliout 27 per
cent, upon tbe investment. The
show is a oause for congratulation.
since 1889, when tbe census was
taken, there has been a still greater
iuorease?fully half ugaiu?uud the
promise cf continued advance is
brightor than over beforo.
THE CITY FINANCES.
Its Bonded Debt, Assessment and
Taxation.
The bonded dobt of tbe city is as
follows:
Kortho Four Old Wants.$3,320.200
Less v\ a or Bonds. .UU.UUO
S 2.0-0,200
Bonded lud l tcib.cbs of Bram
. letou Wiiro. 111,000
lion.od Judobtcdue-a Atlant o
City. ?4.00
Total.52.785,20:)
Of the above bonded indebted
ness $100,000 has not yet been ib
sued,
The securities of tbe city bear a
low rate of interest and sell for five
to ten por cent, above par, and are
eugerly sought for as in vestments,
ahrrsskd VAMM s.
The assessment of real i state of
the City of Norfolk in 1*'.I2 was
$18,942.609. The assessment for
1894 i- a* follows:
Norfolk City, old wards.$10.143,480
Sort ulk City, i ramhleton
Ward.. 1,817.410
Korfolk City. Atlautio Citv
Ward. 1.77C.S00
Total nssi s-mont.$10.937,670
Showing an increase in two y< nr^
of $995,070, Brambletou and Atlau
tin City wards pay a reduced prop
erty tax and none for water, under
tbe annexation contract.
Tbe revenue of the city from tax
lion, real and personal, is as follows:
Norfolk Oily, four old wardii
l.cal.$274,!?8 31
Personal. 4 >.s.;?> Ott
llrumbleton, Ron!. l?.8:.'> ro
?' Personal. 8,02 I c>
Atlantic City, lloal . 13.448 ?0
" l'( ruond. 1,810 03
Total rovcr.no.$350,077 50 !
THE POSTAL BUSINESS.
A Barometer of the Growth and Pros?
perity of Norfolk.
There is no better indication of
the business and growth of a com
muuity than the postal receipts, and
in this respect Norfolk presents u
splendid exhibit of prosperity and
development, During the llscol year
eudiug June 30tb, 1880,tbe postul re
eoipis ot Norfolk, when lettor post
ago was thrc.i cents, reached $35,
?l. 11. Iu the year ending Deoem
tier ::lst, 1894, the receipts have
reached the sum of $33,309.40,
with letter postage at two cents.
So butter evidence thau thi* i.
ticeded to show the rapid strides
.Norfolk is making iu busiuese, coiu
merce aud population. The follow
ing is a detail of the postul transac
tions for the \ oar 18111:
receipts,
uartor cndlu< archill. 1891..?21,031.OS
Quarter O'ii ng u.io 0, hm hi, ai.36
.i.urter Ending opt. :? . I t 1 8.s.-.',
.u.inr en ing i ec ;l. laud 211 0.44
$S3,o09.4G
i lie TCiincv Order Itusin an.
UECBIPTS FOB THReYKAn endin'U DK
cbmhbii 8, 1894.
Cash on In.ml Deoomhtr 9 'Oi.. $7,453 60
oniestio iders issued . 110,7j.i.2
Foe- on same. 1)51.11
internntioua orders issued_ 17."o .3i
I eo on .Hue . i... ,i rj
I'os a no oh is uud. c, i 0 ti
.?i e on SSUl . in;.7
F< o 'ii! nto i osta! nMa* 21
l. e, odt- reo h ed.3,11,7o3.0t>
total.$100,710.36
i -nc.stMS.N rs.
Domestic orders paid . .$13!),C07.CG
Internatiou u orders paid. |,d o l
os I no oi. 0 i.ji, i
o estic ord >rs rouald. o>i.o
tu cr nation d ordeia opaitl..
Lrrors i s \>tr Au utur a circa
, . 78
in i lont l expouses. r, no
Deposited at .<o\v urk . 8t8.20n.00
c.irii on hand Do oinber 8, '04 7.2 ti tin
Total.s'-U'J, ;i0....<
A comparison of the postal
receipts for 1885, since o;,eiu
tiou of 2 cunt letter postage, is a
most satisfactory one. They'uro a.-:
follows:
Vo.ir euding January 30. 1-85. .$43 280 27
iftarmdiuK lanuary SO, I8s?l. 45,1*10 86
rear eudiuir, January So, 1-87.. 17 058 ".i
ioar ending Janu rjr 30,18 8.. 60,033 80
?wir end ng January 80, im r>ii.-- 7a
Ye.reu ing an nary 0. 18 0.. Bt,4 II GO
xear euriiiig January 30, IHM.. ?s,4i<)82
loa: e:i. nij January 30, :8 '2 74,300 0
learondiug D-.o.u. er 31,U91 .-3...UJ 4,
showing an increase of $40,
049.19 in eight and n half yt urs.
LOCAL TONNAGE.
The total 100nage of vessels and
steamers plying the harbor ol N or
foik, and comprising established
linos to Jiostou, New York, l in.a
delpbia, Baltimore, Washington, I
('., Hiohmond, Va? and the eoust
wiso trade, is as follows.
Hay and Ocean Steaiue
iv, r S eametsand i"u.
Sailing Vessels.
XotaLsj^sa
11 Presents a volume ot Business
Tl\at Readies In Value
R Detailed Statement of ttie various
Brownes.
OUR BI? BjaCEBV BUSINESS
it Buns Dp to Fourteen million Dol?
lars Last Year.
LUMBER TRADE
Kn industry Employing millions ot
Capital and Thousands ot men.
Over Two millions ot Tons Handled?
B Remarkable Snowing.
OUR TRUCK TRADE
Norfolk is a Great Snipper ot market
Gardening.
THE TfflBEJ DRV GOODS
Business Last Year Shows Exten?
sive Proportions.
OUR GRAINT MARKETS
0 most Gratifying ExliiDH ot Develop?
ment.
OYSTERS, FISH, OAHE
Tiiree millions of Dollars Represent
trie Transactions.
FERTILIZER BUSINESS
an ministry tust Continues to De?
velop and Froster.
HORFQLR'S IXENSE PECKUT TBjlDE
Site Holds Her Own as me Great
p.[r(eric2n market.
_
?OSSES AND OTHER LIVE STOCK
A Great Market in This Line and
Iff,msns3 Transactions.
ALL OTHER BRANCHES
Shows Equally as Well, and
Norfolk is to be Con?
gratulated,
Tho showing of tho trmle of Nor
fitlk hiis been mtnumri/.'d iu the
tabulated stutetnout presented in an
other column. Below wiil b.> found
?.)::iuientH and opinions roiaiin^ to
ibe vurious brunobea of busiuesH.
Ii is an interesting compilation am)
illonls fund fur thought?aud will
furnish information tbnt will lead tit
mo further development of each
i.!\riicnlur brauob of trade discussed.
I'bo grunt need of Noriolk is
lurgo wholesale dry poods bouses,
large wholesale coihing establish
meuts and large wholesa e boot und
si oe aud hat houses. The proseni
> cur promises to he iho pioneer
year in these fiolda of wholesale
.rsde. The splendid trade territory
ttiut N'orfo Is opens ii|> 10 all brunches
oi wholesale trade reuderu it impera?
tive fur our bueiuees inuu to act
in concert for securing to our
?ity establishments of iho chur
notor siated. li Norfolk possessed
extensive uliol-sulu dry goods,
clothing, boot, shoo and bat bouses,
tier geueral trade would doutiln iu u
lew years. It is tbe Uck of such that
Lit- bcou iiio greatest drawback to
tlio business development of Nor
ioIk, Another consideration tbut
may be re-marked opon here is tin
lack of conceited uctiou npon tbe
i .111 tif the business moo. There is
a huh) tuo much jealousy iu tbe
respective brunobea of trade.
I'here sbonld bo u broader and
nmro liberal handed policy exhibit
ed. Active competition tends to the
mlvantuKc of all, yet tho competition
c>iu bo broad and liberal and gene?
rous, Every business mterest should
bury all petty 1 iclitig m tho yroot
work of making Norfolk u groat oity,
I'his is the broad platform upon
which all should stund. United in
this respect, animated by this pur
pose, there is no city in tho country
v. nuto future is brighter,
THE COTTON TRADE.
Tho cottou receipts at Norfolk for
tho twelve montb.i eudiug December
lilth, lh'Jl, show an lucroase over
the satisfactory exhibit wudo in our
troilo issue of January 7th, 1804,
The Ugures havo bcru eecurod Irum
Mr, Norman Uoll, the suporinten
dent of the Norfolk and Portsmouth
Cottou Exchange:
13 Uei.
Bsceipta ?t Norfolk l a months
enuing Lecentber It*. 1894_ 479,339
lie eint? i orreapondlng Uoio
1898. 432.131
He. eipts 12 aaonths ending J'e
comber 3L, 1B92 . 340,703
It ie to be borne in mind that the
present cotton season has been ush?
ered in with tbe lowest prioes for
many years. Prevailing values,
which are below the cost of produo
tion in the Northern tier of the cot?
ton belt, it ie believed, have to a con?
siderable extent retarded the mar?
keting ot the crop in the territory
adjacent to and tributary to Norfolk.
Tho value of the cotton bandied by
Norfolk is 814,833,345.
Thn fucilities afforded by our mag?
nificent harbor are set forth in the
last annual statement of our Ootion
Exohange, August 81, 1894, whioh
shows that duriog the cotton year
there have entered at the ports of
Norfolk and Nowport News for coals,
steamers from Southern ports on
routo to Europe, whose enrgoeaof cot?
ton aggregated 1,862,624 bales.which
with the receipt'? at Norfolk, West
Point and Newport Ncws.amounting
to 787,602 bales, constitute a grand
total of 2,150,286 bales cotton (of a
value of 875,2110,010,), whioh sought
the deep, commodious and eafe
waters of Virginia.
From the report of Ruperintcn
dent 13eli for the cotton year eudiug
August 31, 1804, thu receipts and
shipments of cottou at Noifolk ure
as follows:
ROUT KS. lllKocnU. LOCAL.
Bain, Ha cs
H.ali ar'l Air Lias. 61,474
Norfolk aud Western roll
rosil. 75, s7 118,802
N ? r!.k aud Soulheru rui!
"?a.i. v.? n,4 :o
VHuntic and Dauvllle rail
,r*i. 2 24,439
Siirl k and Carolina rail
j 40.1?I
1 28,250
Albciuarle ?n.l Chesapeake
Cmal.
V ariuus.
1'otal n cotpts reason WVM. i;i.;/,sj 674,520
leiitict m eel) n from M c
bl c, Wlimiuiloo und
Newport News. 8,^7 < 26
N t receipts season '93'-94... 127.71/2 374,492
'1 he total receipts at Norfolk for
tho past twenty seasons have beou:
TUKOUeil. local
Bale*. Ilatra.
cccipts season 1891-94. l:.f.,-.-0 :::??...
" l899-'03. 00.1 'i ita-V-'CS
" " 189i-'aJ. 15:1,070 887,123
" seventeen jeais
previously.?.a 7is.-ito S,C0S,i>7U
otil receipts twenty y'rs... 4,077,336 6,605.4711
Following is tho agcr^gate of ex?
ports, coastwise shipments and dis
tributkn during past twenty (JU)
years:
FORKIOX, COASTWISE
hales. Bales.
Shipments s*ason'93-'94. 174,010 iiiu i 'J
; ?? 'y.'-'!t:t. 139.125 104,782
" 'Sl-'y-i. 196,940 813,642
" f? entevn y'r?
previously.4,163 156 C,145,32j
Total shipments for
i in nty years.4 C?:i,231 0,931,0'..'!
GROCERIES, WHOLESALE AND RE?
TAIL.
Tho wholesale grocery business ol
Norfolk is one of tno greatest of its
many bronchos of commerce and the
trade here caters to the retailers ot
all Eastern Virginia und tbe duo
liuas, meeting tne sharp competi?
tion of Baltimore and Kicliuioud
linns. This business has had a phe
uomenal growth since 1884 aud this
city is now one of tho luigcst dis?
tributing points for staple aud fancy
groceries; aud provisions in the
South. In IN*I tho grocery busi
ue.ss of Norfolk, in both the whole?
sale rind retail brauche-1, was esti
mated at 88,897,001), while f.?r tins,
vtar careful calonlulions place the
value of tho traue at $1 1,0 U.UiW.
THE LUMBER INDUSTRY.
Tho secretary of the North ('uro
linn I'iLie und Lumber Company has
Kindly furnished i'liE Viuoinian
-ume statistics in regard to tbe lum
ner trade of Norfolk, which
shows that it is tho city's greatest
industry, requiring more money
tU'i supporting a greater number ol
mon than any other lino of bnsi
uchs, In 1885 tho aggregate value
?t thu output whh S2.000.U60; 1801
will show easily 812,000,000. l iiere
uro employed by the firms Iihv
mg it Dices iu this city, ui d doing
busiuess through the Norfolk biu.kH,
about 16,000 hands, At leastoue
tinrd of the--o men nre omployed in
tbe mills of Norfolk and her sub
orbs. Tho remainder operate the
mills iu thu counties ol Virginia and
Uoroliua, The Vikhinian iu assured
that about 75 per cent, of the total
cost of producing commercial lum?
ber is paid to labor.
In no other business is tho labor
cost ho groat. Tbe capital invested
in the business in ti;: ? State und the
Caroliuns, largely controlled by
Norfolk i art'cs, in rouud numbers
will reach 820,000,000. Thu secre
tary of tbe North Carolina Witito
Pine Lumber .Association is author?
ity for thu Btatemeut that labor gets
85,000,000 for logging un<l sawiug,
to say nothing of othur expenses in
cidcut,
Tbe general tono of ti,o trade ha*
improved, and by early spring much
activity is expected. Thu deators of
Norfolk vittiiuily control iho cntiro
trndo from New 1'ork to Oharles
tou, >S. t;. This ie accomplished
through tho agency of the North
t^roliua Association, one of tho
strongest trade organizations in the
Ooantry, with a capita) of several
millions. Largo improvements aro
being made in tlin mills of this ecu
tion, which arc the. most extensive
upon the Atlantic coast.
THE COAL TRADE.
Tho development of coal mining
in the Flat Top ?elds of Virginia
and West .Virginia, largely through
tho inlluence and uid of tho Norfolk
and Wustoru railroad, bos made this
port thu most important coaling sta
tion on the Atlautio o >ast, Ten
years ago, iu 1884, tho entire busi
ness of Norfolk was valued at $650,
000, There Las been most satisfac?
tory growth eacb year, uud at Lam
bert'tt Point alone tho shipments for
1894 are more than 2,0(10,1)00 tonn.
Steamers from tbe (Julf ports for
Europe take on banker coal at Nor?
folk.
The tost has been made and tbo
Norfolk coal is declared superior to
any steam ooal in the world. Tbe
great ocean greyhounds, tbe world
record breakers, have accomplished
tbeir best feats while plougbiug old
ocean by meaus of power generated
from tbe black diumond of tbe Fiat
Top Uelds. More than 1,000 vessels
have touched at this port during tbe
past year aud there is every evi?
dence tbat tbe accomplishments of
1895 will far exceed those of 1894.
In addition to tho coal from Lam
bert's Poiut, supplied tbe trade of
Norfolk by tbe Norfolk and Western
railroad, tbe Chesapeake and Ohio
has delivered many thousand tons
from the mines of West Virginia.
The Yih'Uman has thoroughly in?
vestigated, and considers that to
place tho total value of all coals
bandied by this port for domestio
uses and foreign aud coastwiao ship?
ments at $6,600,000 is a conservative
statement.
TRUCK FARMING.
Mr. Porter, tbe United States
Commisjiouer, iu a very elaborate
report ou tbe trucking industry of
the United States, inuutious the
counties composing the Norfolk
trucking district as tho most highly
lavored by nature for such farmiug,
and from statistics given by him
aud supplemented by ouch stato
meuts as The Virginian has ob?
tained from sources not investigated
by the United States Qoverumeut,
tho crop of 1801 is placed at $6,200,
(100. against $1,047,500 in 1884, The
development of (be trucking iudus
try in this section is au interesting
study.
The United States Census Agent,
in estimating the value of the crops
iu his last report, did not tako into
account local market gardeners, but
only such growers us snipped direct
by rail or water. This, oubositat
lugly, is an injustice to this market,
where tiiousuuiis of dollars worth of
goods are sold annually from the
carle in tho market place, to supply
the ships that touch at this port, us
well as more than 50,000 people who
reside in this city,
Twenty years ago Norfolk truck?
ing was iu its iufauey, one ves-el
being Bullicient to baudlo tho total
output, so tur as tbo trade with the
Sorthern cities was concerned. For
the lubt four y. ars it Lai ro
quired the combiued freight
carrying snips of all tie transportu
Utiu liuea mid Bpeciai traius on a
utiaaber of railroads to move tbe
crops aud preveut over-crowding of
wharves uu I warehouses, Noriolk
now has a well established busiuess
with New York, Providence, Phila
delp u'a aud Boston, where special
faculties have been arranged to se?
cure quick him iliug. Trade arrange
meuts are being perfected in the
West, and tho ,shi| meuts to Chicago
and other large cities by m atih of
lust special freight tiains h >\e been
Continued on third paf/c,
John Vermillion,
? ?DEALER in?
V?RIES, FIUS CMPASHES,
0LARF.T3, BUIWDSDIE9,
MADBiuaS, BdERltlKS,
An 1 othi r Wines; ..lsu, French Brandlos,
i ordi.ili. etc. Ag' ut for
POLAND MINERAL WATER
M IS8ANETTA WATER.
4 Granby St., Norfolk, Va.
tap k Bilk
MonuTiict iro.s' gents',
Robber Boots,
SHOES AND CLCTH1NG.
Southern Agenti
Carter's Oiled Clothing.
85 ?"omiiiorci.il I\nca
Norfolk, - - Virginia.
-DEALER IN?
Coal and Wood
411 Brambieton Avo.,
Norfolk,_Virginia.
DAUGH & SONS COMPANY,
Mnnurnclurers and Imporieifl
p&n Animal Fertilizers
AN?J lilGII GRADE CHEMICALS.
OFt'IOE?Dlokson's Whuff, Norfolk, Ya
Patrick Hatthew,
Civil Engineer,
f.nt COLUMBIA BUILDING,
NORFOLK, - - - VIRGINIA,
Came to America aonio nine years wto,
mi I settled iu Grconville. North Carolin?,
ubere e id a large amount of work in
his ptoicsd on. After eevoral year, ho
mo od to E<touton. N. O., but Buchaft
too small .\ Held lor his I rgo ex eiieucaj
lie tin a ly c>mu o or ol i. May, ISO.
"here ho im ruining an extensive praoti .'a
I bulb iu North Carol uiv and irginia !fa
j wai turn at Uo rain tlill the o <l family
[estate >u tbe inmooi i amu t>. Gowrie.
! i crtbsliiru, scntlan I, in It) t: was odii a
I ted at the High School, Dundee, 'cot
; hind, served fou - veara in tho oitlce of
I Me sis. J. .V F. Salraond. tbo col. brated
civil engfn ore of that city, whtre bo
gained much experienoe in tbe laving
out of city property and all pertaining
to I Iv11 Engine r.ug, Surveying, etc ,
uud studio.i at Edinburgh I Hi \ orsity for
two years. For several voars he was em
|lo oi on diilorout works in :-c tland
nud Englan 1,1 elng chiof assistant on the
Cable Tramways Survey of Edinburgh,
t e tirat cb <; rah mado iu tbe old
country, itea dea b-in.; an export in nil
km <s of lino drawing. I e is taking n
gn at into; obt in the aotileui nt of t: o
eastern s< cfon? of North v ?r.> in.t aud
Virginia with bis conntrymeu, as be in
ennvincod ihorc is no l etter or e lUal
location iu the worl 1 'or the Scotch an I
Knetiab tenant tai merB nhu have b little
money, nod in'enifs o du to Scotlani
glioitlv for a f w months to givo lo tares
on tbe great adv iiltngoa this sect Oil of?
fers ovo-- Ihn North anl ^cst. wlnre
8111110 of Insm my conntrymeu liavo gone.
He l-op's all those interested in th a
scheme will co-opciate aud heip him iu
hia efforts,_ _
J. S. BELL, JH., & CO.,
Wholesale aud lletnil
ARCADE MARKET.
Cornor Queen and ('bur h streets,
NORFOLK. VA.
TELEPHONE No. 635.
Arc still at tho same oorner and in the
s^nio bnriiieSM us i lglitccu voura ago.
from IHO to 1891. Wo uro still nt your
service, with < xpor eu e so und to uo
one, aud goods ol ull kinds in our lino
A .No. I. Though protlts uro small, wj
are thankful to ser o an sxeee iiigly
largo number of entruating patron*
tin 0114b ko many years which continence
v o sb ill ? n'oavor never to nbnso.
'I h inkful for >ho past ivo soli it and tops
to merit a ontlnuan o in tbo future.
We shall bo p oaacd to servo you by mail,
tole,'r.ph or toten n ne i\ith Ii ef Veal.
Liini'i, Mutt 'ii. Pork. Loins, Drosaoik
Pigs, mi isage. L rd. irioo. Bieon, oto.,
rt . 1 ? of r >m one nouud to a carcase.
1 ork from ouo ? uuml to a ton. In f.iet,
quautitv cuts 10 ; ??::>? We will serve
yon pol toly and tliankiully from one
p unJ np.
Very truly j. u-.s,
J. S, HELL, Jr., & CO,,
_NORFOLK, VA._
E, V/, FACE, GE3. i FACE,
Established 18T5.
LIH 81.
Our vrorki. located i t corner of Prin?
cess Anna avenue and tho Lamberts
1 0 nt Railroad, are ,? ,u ; p I tilth
Modern Machinery,
and are operate I wii.tor nnd nutntntr,
giving na absolute control of oar busi?
ness as ,eg r.ls capacity 1 n 1 ?olivery.
ill, WOOD H iCE I
Am aoll ritnnted on two rs I
,0 xls.nn 1 . ave beat ,'a il tn-a for
b I,um aud doiiverin.i; orders ,,t
tlur ost notice.
Stock Always Large.
E. SCOTT,
Be ervolr an 1 I ovett avenues.
?PHONE 251.
Al 0. HAY, G?A1N AND MILL FEED.
RALPH Ii. DO?NE,
Stairbuilder and Carpenter.
Slorc3 and OTtcca Fitted Up.
WOOD CARVING ! ONE. ( OONTUI
ORDERS FOB STA IB RAILS
SOLICITED,
Plans and
Specifications Furnished
Shop, No. \ Bun ) >lph street, Norfolk.Ve.
ALL DES0R1ITION OF FIRST-OLABa
WOOD WORK, DONE,

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