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WHAT SEWING MACHINE IS THIS?
THE SINGER MANUFACTURING COMPANY'S
S.3 IMCUlloxi Soldi we make 12 million @oM!
~ ught Running, 117 Styles "5-Dr8W6F Cstiinot Work
Points: Noiseless of ~ M0IT1LT PflYMEMTS?^
-? UlCPillES FOB Hiliy llbTO RiiC !|S IVI A L. L AND REGULAR.
(P4 ? i J Faill?y WOrk, WE MAKE _Write for Circular or call and see._
^IllY.?fl Tfllloril!l(y Work Central Office: Branch Office:
auiMsu T? w rk. Tll styles ?? ?? mi mm
narnebb vv ufk, ?p m E> Broafj M#> mmfi |8. i8i main st.,Norfolk, fa.
Fop shoe work, ^ ?F ^ ^ fli~~|iii|p M^ofsctiiFinj Jo"
^a I _jMICllllES FPU FililLf USE! "norfolk. v?.
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL
BIIIOST EVERY DEK0MIHAT1OK HAS HEPRESEMflllOH
tn ore TU an Thlr.r shci-o? Edifices,
Vnlurd at ?SOO.OOO?All Utn?m<
limn on* Itepreacnted?*t?mo
I.lc;:m?? SirilCllirvK?II !??
toric M- I*n UP*.
Tbcre are iu Norfolk prosperous
churches for almost evory creed aud
denuminatiou, In ?er busiucss af?
fairs, when the Btraoger is called
upon to deal largely with n cobjuo
politau population, tho moat beauti?
ful picture of Norfolk lifo is uot
After inspecting the wharves,
Warehouses, lines of trnusportutiou.
manufactures aud stores of general
trnde, turn t lie eyo toward the
houses of worship, nud more thau
thirtv sacred edifices will ho seen,
?Blued at about $800,000. This
BpeukB well for tho Teligious aud
moral character of tho oommuuity.
Tho churches generally are large
and handsome and liberally sup?
ported by devoted Christiau uieu
and women, whose lives nre much
given to doing good and uru liberal
and broinl iu their opinions aud
daily uets of charity. The churches
are well attended. Possibly a ma?
jority of those who oftoneBt attend
divine worship uro young people,
who in after years will ho the eon
troiing aud ruling spirits iu this
great und prosperous community.
Tho denominations represented
are, Episcopalians, Hornau Catho
lies, Methodists, Baptists, Presby?
terians aud Uuiversolists, who have
churobes for both whites and blacks.
Tho Christians, Disciples, Luther?
ans, Jews and Advuntists huvo
churches for the whites only. Somo
of the churches, as said, are very
elegant structures, notably so St.
Luke's Protestant Episcopal, St.
Mary's Romsu Catholic und tho Kp
worth Methodist Church, South, the
latter in course of erection, und the
Bute Street Methodist Church (Col?
ored.) The Freemason Street Bap?
tist and St. Paul's Episcopal, ulso
Christ's Episcopal Church, and the
Eirst Presbyterian have had recent
ly very extensive improvements,anil
the iuterior decorutions made very
Some of the mi ohurebeB were j
founded in tbo early days of the
Bcpublio and their history is a part
of the interesting history of the
country. Upon their records are
the names of men who were dis
tiugiusbed in their day and genera
tiou, upon the fields oi battle and
in the hulls of legislation. The first
Presbyterian Onurob, a large und
elegant brick building on Church
street, near Holt, is the oldest
church of that denomination in the
State, and ouly one Presbyterian
Church iu the United States auti
dates it. It bus lost none of its early
Vigor by old age.
St. Paul's P, E. Church, one of
the colonial buildings, stauds upon
grounds sacred to tbe memory of
many of Norfolk's best people. It
has weathered the storms of cen>
turies, and is yet uu attractive
church upon a lovely spot, Tbo
yard is tbo prettiest in tbe
oity aud oontoins the graves of many
who were conspicuous in early his
tory, when this blessed land now
.lowing with milk and honey, au
asylum for the oppressed of all na
tious, was a howling wilderness, tbo
abiding place of the red man and
the beasts of the forest,
A number of tho head stones
found here wero ereoted in 1G5U and
are well preserved. During the war
of 1776 a cruel English cannon
truck tho southeast corner of St,
Paul's Church and passed to the in?
terior of the house, Tbe ball was
placed in tbe orifice through which
it had passed, securely held in place
by comeut, whero it can be seen
until this day, an objeot of union in
tercst, especially to travelers who
happen this way.
Much could be writton of peculiar
interest couoeruiug the churches of
Norfolk, hut it is not tho purpose of
Tun ViuaiMAM to dwell upon the
glories of tho past in chnrcb or
State, but to show somoof the grout
realities of tbo present, which.
Btronger than any words, toll of Iho
glorious future which awaits oh, if
opportunities aro embraced ami
muscle and brain applied with en?
The Fire Department of Norfolk
I hriH a record of which all who have
over been connected with it may
feel proud. Until recently tho do
partment was but poorly equipped,
but iu epito of this fact millions of
dollars worth of property has beeu
The want of proper appliauces
has frequently called for acts of
tho preate.it coolness aud courage on
tho part of tho liro tighter*, J here
are many individual acts which do
I servo a place in history. Tho city
i fathers of luto have shown a dispo
l sitiou to properly equip tho depart
meut, ami when this is aoeom| lished
Norfolk will rank with Ibe most
prosperous cities in tho South.
At present there aro employed
tweuty-aeven men, as bouse meu,
drivers, hostlers and engineers,
Also at nominal salary, thirty bis
meu who respond to calls, The
otllcera are Martin .J. Uyan, chiof
eugiuocr; Frank Ward, aeaietaut
chief eugiueer; J. A. Bryau, cap
tain No, 1 company; J. .1. Bobbins,
captain No. 2; \V. H. Knight, cup
tuin No. 8; D. 0. Boll, captain No.
4, and Richard Eastwood, in charge
of thotruck aud ladder branch ol
There uro two largo brick engine
houses. No. 1 is ou Williams Btreet
near the City Hall, and No. '2 on
Queen street. The former is sup?
plied with tho oboioeat ofengime,
etc., and protects down-town prop
erty and Ibe btitiuoss blocks. This
is the headquarters und is iu
charge of tho chief engieocr.
The Queen street bouse was ostali
lialied for the protection of tbo
small stores ami residences up town,
was recently erected and has al
ready been proven a valuable addi?
tion, Tho apparatus consists of live
eugines, two ladder trucks aud uti
merous hose wagons and carts.
Three of the engines uro now,
having been purchased in tho last
two years, and aro of tho Amos
keag, ?ilsby, ami Clupp & Jones
make. Many of Norfolk's firemen
aro enthusiasts who bave grown gray
in the service of tbo city, aud would
ba conspicuous figures iu thu do
partments of any city iu the uuiou.
Norfolk is tho headquarters of tho
Fourth Virginia Uognneut, of
which Col. O. A. Nasb is the com?
mander, whose stulf is composed of
the following gentlemen : Lieuten?
ant-Colonel, Harry liodgea ; Major,
George W. Taylor ; Surgeon, Muj.
Bilisoly: Assistant Burgeon, Oapt.
0. L. Onlpepper; Adjutant, Oapt,
R. W. Tomhu; Ordinaioe Ofhoer,
Capt. W. P, Dodson; Quartermas?
ter, Oapt, Nat. Burmas; Commit
sary of Subsistence, Capt. \V. W.
Dey; Chaplain, A. H, Lloyd, wuh
rank of cap'aiu.
Tho following Norfolk companies
aro a part of this regiment: Com?
pany B, Norfolk City Guards, Oapt,
Marshall Terrell; Company A, Lee
Hilles, Oapt. Alex. Higgiua; Com
pany E. Jackson Light Iufantrv;
Capt. W. 11. Mnllins; buttery B,
Norfolk Light Artillery Blues,Capt,
M. O. Keeling.
Thore aro two colored companies,
15, L?ngstem Guards, dipt. Peter
vSheppt-rd;E, National Quards,Oapt,
E. W. Oolds.
The ranks of these companies aro
full aud discipliuo excellent.
These ore not all young and nn
tried men. Among the ollioora aro
those who took a hand at burning
powder during tho late unpleasant
uess and distinguished themselves
for gallantry und courage, This is
one of the best organized and best
equipped regiments at the command
of the State.
The cochineal insects furnish tho
gorgeons carmine, crimson, ecarlot,
carmine aud purple lakes,
NUMEROUS PRIVfiTE SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES.
splendid Facilities, iii>iii Private
and Public? rbairousrnlT Pro
f?llt Unlr Acnilemr ?
Norfolk presents to her sons ?nnd
daughters with evory facility for
securing au edaoatioa along any liuo
Uuder tho lawa of the Stnto free
instruetion is Riven, which enables
the young mail to advance from the
lowest primary grade, Htop hy step,
through intermediate and high
Bchoole to tho University of Vir
Hie system of public education is
treated under another bead, Of
tho private schools ami colleges at?
tention is invited- Norfolk is thor?
oughly progressive in tho matter of
education and tho ability "f her
Bohoola of private instruetion is an
questioned, and rank among the
best iu tiio State.
Many of theso institutions aro old
aud well founded. Possibly the
first in point id distiuotiou is the
Norfolk .Male Academy, organized
in 1801, und the oldest school cd tho
secondary grade iu the Slate.
During tho past ninety years its
career of usefllluoss has known only
one interruption, which was caused
by tlio civil war, when the young
men of Norfolk wc ?o called from
the various schools to defend the
rights iif their country.
Tho present school building, uion
delled after the temple of Theseus
by tho well-kuowu nrbhiteot, Tims,
U. Walter, of Philadelphia, ?>no of
tho architects cf tho National Capi?
tol, at Washington, was erected in
in 1882 the school wns reorgan
ized aud set up on n move modern
basts. Its curriculum now includes
Latin, Qroek. French, German,
Bnglish, physics, mathematics,book?
keeping und steuography,
Since 1SS1 Prof. Robert W, Tun
stall bus boon priucipal,
ST. MAltv's MALI". ACADBMT,
conducted by the Xaverian Broth?
ers, is one of the most thorough in?
stitutions of learning iu the oity,
The course of instruction i-i broad,
embracing, in addition to tlio usual
instruction iu mathematics, lang
uagos and scieuoes, military tactics,
physical culture, ami business moth
ods are also taught. Tho school
under the present management has
greatly prospered. The building
occupied, like Norfolk Academy, is
id Grecian architecture, Ti o young
men who graduate from th h insti?
tution ate well qualified to enter the
universities or maintain themselves
in posltions'of responsibility in busi?
NOBPOLK COLLF.OF. FORTOUXa hADIES
This collogo was organized in
1880,incorporated and controlled by
a board ot dircct>>iu composed of
leading business men of this city.
It is inter denominational and UOU
sectarian iu its control rind teach?
ings. The oollcge building ia one
of tho handsomest in Eastern Vir
giuia. Tue course of instruction is
of high standard and will compare
favorably with tho best female col
legos in tbo .South. At the present
time there are iu attendance 1100
young ladies, representing more
than twenty States. C'upt. John L.
Ltoper is the President of the Hoard
of Directors; L. Olay Kilby, Seoro
tary and Treasurer; Prof. J. A. I,
LBACn Woon lKMAt.E SCIIOor,
was established twenty year? ago, |
and in tbe matter of appointments,
accommodationa and management',
is one of the best and most success?
ful schools in th<: country, The
building occupied in u handsome old
clad mansion at thu corner of
Granby and freemason streets.
The graduates of tine school take
tho Urst positions in thu more ad
vanned colleges. In tno methods
and aims of tho school, stress is
laid upon tue practical, and in all
its bistory it has beoa distinguished
for thoroughness of teaching.
ST. MAKY's lKMAT.K AC A DEMI,
St. Mary's Female Academy and
Orphan's Home, is in charge of the
Sisters of Charity, under the direo
tiou of tho pastor of St. Mary's
Church, Kev. Father John Doherty.
I ho girls who attend this school aro
given a very thorough course of in
btrnotioU, anil tho littlo ones who
have to tight the battles of lifo with
out tho guidance and direction of
father and mother are educated
aloug practical lines.
Thero are a nutnber?of other first
class private schools worthy of
I liberal support.
Tho Norfolk Mission College
i colored i, an institution for tho
education of both sexes, was founded
in 1883 by the Freemen's Hoard of
tho United Presbyterian Church of
America. It hau u faculty of eleven
teachers, and an attendance of about
(id I students. The college is well
equipped and is doing much for tho
hightr education of the colored
race in this section.
Tho matter of general education
in Norfolk is well equipped and
This is essentially an ?ge of much
traveling, and it is u statement of
facts to say that truvolers, both
pleasure seekers and commercial,
light Hliy of cities without good ho?
That Norfolk has nn army of
travelers passing to and fro is a
fluttering commendation of tho com?
forts afiorded by its public honsos.
The hotels of the city, with thoso
ut Virginia Beaeh and Oceau View,
ailbrd aeenmmodutious for -I.?UO
guests. This does not include restau
rants or private houses, which have
rooms to let. Those hob Is are all
Handsome structures, equipped to
I suit the tastes of modern travelers.
! Tho most prominent arc the Allan
I tie, tho St, James, the I'ercell, the
' Gladstone and the Mansion,
I The tourist, commercial or pleas
! uro seeking, can Hud substantial
comfort iu Norfolk, aud the delica?
cies enjoyod by any city in tho
Norfolk has been moro than otico
cathd upon to aocommodato largo
crowds, and there is no danger iu
saying that she has the ability to
entertain all who des.re to enjoy her
hospitality, regardless of numbers,
Iii the mutter of hotels, including
her delightful summer and winter
resorts, she is us well equipped as
ony commercial city of her popula
lion iu tho South,
'i In- soorccs of Color.
Tho cuttlefish gives sepia. It is
the inky tluid which the fiel) dis
charges in order to render the water
opaque when attacked.
Indian yellow cornea from the
Ivory chips produce the ivory
b'ack and bone black,
Tho exquisite Prussian blue is
made trom fusing horse hoofs and
other rofuso animal matter with im
pure potassium carbonate.
Various lakes ure derived from
roots, barks and gums.
Blue-black comes irora tho char?
coal of tbo vine slock,
Lampblack is the soot from cer?
tain resiuous Bubstaucos.
Turkey red is made from the mad?
der plant which grows in Hindustan.
The yellow sap of u troo of Slam
Haw sienua is the natural earth
from tiio oeighborbood of Sieuna,
Kaw umber is an earth found near
Umbria and burned.
India ink is made from burned
Mastic is made from tho gum of
the mastio tree, which grows iu the
Ulster is the aoot of wood ashos.
Very little real ultramarino is
found in the market. It in obtained
from the precious lupus lazuli, and
commands a fabulous price.
Chinete white is zinc, scarlet is
iodine of mercury, and nativo ver
million is from the quicksilver ore
SIXTEEN MILES OF TRACK NOW OPERATED.
A, Great Stride forward to Future
<. ri ;i (ii i j in- l\timber ut
Care in Constant Use?
l.arttis i men to
the Cttjr'e l'ark.
Tbo construction of tbo Norfolk
Electric Kino of street railways,
which wore completed u few luomiis
since, was oiio of tho city's longest,
eteps forward upon the road to fu?
ture greatness. Tho Norfolk City
Kailroad Company, chartered iu
18(56, capital, 8100,000, and tbo Su?
burban City Kailwuy Conipauv,
organized in ls<S7, capital, $125,000,
wero recently purchased by a com
puny composed of Northern capital
ists, with .Mr. M. A. Vertier, of Now
York, as the railway spirit.
Thu company owns sixteen miles
of track over the best thoroughfares
in tbe cit}', Main and < iraoby streets,
also Luke avenue to Kiniuhleton and
tbe streets covered in Atlantic City
Ward being double-trucked. Tbe
rails used aro eighty pounds to the
yurd and aro known us the Johnson
rail, manufactured of superior ma '
terial and sufficiently heavy to
curry a locoruotivo engine,
Tbo uew management took
churgoof tho old company in Juue,
since which time they have erected
at tbo terminus of tho road in
Huutorsville two stool buildings
l??xlO? niul 810x50 feet. The eu
giues of this pluut bavo 1,C00 horse
powor, tho boilers 1,000 horso
At tho present timo the company
owns forty winter cars, twenty-five
in oonstantuse, Summer oars will be
purchasod before the opening of
soring. Upon the payroll aro Jixty
ty-two motormeu and conductors,
and twenty-livo mcu employed as
carpenters, painters aud rough
workmen, These inoii uro paid
$12.50 to SIT).!):) per week, and are
capable, industrious und reliable
The first car goes ou the track at
5.50 ii. m. aud tbo lust car turiiB in
at 12:20a, in., giving tho publica
service of about eighteen hours,
Ours puss a given point on Church
street overy six minutes, in liram
bleton overy .seven rninutoa and on
Queen street, York street, Bank
street every nino minutes. The
Company has almost laid its trucks
to the City park and regular sched?
ule to that beautiful it.-.-ort will go
into ollect by tho oarly spring.
Tub Virginian is m:oruied that
early in .Jautiary tho company will
begin to extend its line to I lUUibert's
l'Oint for tho accommodation of the
citizens of that promising little
town destined to become, in n few
years, tbo .Seventh Ward of the city.
1 ho company ih (jiviug Norfolk u
servioe e<piui to tbe best enjoyed by
any city in the Uuiou. Thu suburbs
of Norfolk are now withiu tou min?
utes ride of tho businuss centres.
Workmen can now own homes in
liramhleton, Atlantic City, Hunters
villu and even further out, ami reach
their pluces of business promptly,
comfortably and eooni m cnlly.
The ollicers of the company are
Mr. A. Verner, president; 11. C.
Whitehead, secretary aud treasurer,
and W. M. Hoseborotigh,superinten?
dent and general manager.
'I lie Mime <>r lilt III a.
Wo speak of "China" and the
'?Chinese," littlo thinking that the
nutives of tho Flowery Kingdom
never hear those terms until utter
leaving tho place of their Inrth or
coming iu contact with tome trav?
eler. They huvo many names by
which thoy designate them
selves aud tho laud which thev
Inhabit, but the words "Chinese"
and "China" uro not among the
number. Too most ancient name of
China is Tien Ilia, which signifies
"beneath tbe sky." Sinne tho pres?
ent ruling house took control of the
Empire in 1G50 the name of Tu Taing
Kwoh line boon applied to tlio King
dum as a whole aud < hung Kwoh to
that portion known to American
readers as the "Middle Kingdom,"
PROF. KING'S NEW VENTURE.
He Proposes to Make a Trip to
Europe in a Balloon.
That veteran aeronaut of this
country, and perhaps of tbe world,
Prof. Samuel A. Kiug, Las in view u
venture for next May that surpasses
anything heretofore undertaken,
During "Trades Week" iu Philadel?
phia be will etnrt upon what ho in?
tends 6hall ibe a trip to Europa by
balloon. For this purpose ho will
have constructed nu ouormous gas
bag of a capacity off 500,000 cubic
feet, with a buoyant force, exceed?
ing sixteen tons.
i'rof. King believes that lato in
the spring there is, ut an altitude ho
has determined by Ihr numerous
uacon6ious during more than a quar
ter of a ooutnry, an atmospheric
current that blows steadily eastward 1
Irom this continent, ami that by
menus ol it a balloon can be wafted
to Europe, provided it can bo kept
in it. lie will go equipped for every
emergency bis experience and iinog
ltmiion can suggest,
ilo will have a food and water sup
ply for throo months, a stove, fuel,
rooking utonsils, guns, ammunition,
fishing tackle, presents lor burbu
riaus should bo happen to land
among such, suits of clothing for
arctic and antarctic regions, life
preserving suits, nautical and mo
teroiogical instruments anil other
useful articles. All these and 13,000
pounds of ballast, threo cars and an
The balloon will be covered by a
strong cotton netting, outside of
which will be a waterproof cloth to
shield the bulloou lrom sun and
rain, thut will be hung so as to turn
away any dripuing from tho lowor
part of tho balloon. A 5,000-pound
drag rope ami hind and water auch
ors aro parts of tho equipment. All
tho weight will bo suspended from
tho cotton netting.
Tlio 1'iofessor will have it crow of
soveral men to assist him in navi?
gating his snip, This is quite an
undertaking font mail more than GO
years old. It will bo made under
tbo auspices of tho Philadelphia
Trades League, buch is tho story
emanating from tho "(Jity of
A WOMAN'S HOARD OF YEARS.
Seventeen Hundred Pennies and
Fractional Currency in the Lot.
Congressman Woomer, of Lo
bauon, Pa., who is cashier of thu
People's Lank of Lebanon, says
tbat ono day recently tho executor
of tho estate of Mrs. Moses Light
walked in aud deposited $4,000 cash,
which ho bud found hud been put
away in various places by the de
oeased The money had been aeou
niulating for years, and was tho
patient savings lrom tho aulo of pro?
Among the deposits wero 1,700
pennies, including muuy issues of
tho old "coppers." Thoro were SIS
in notes of tbo Stato Lank of Lo
bauou, Fortunatoly they are still
good, aa tho Lebanon .Stute Pauk
never failed, but was merged into
the present Lebauon National Pank.
There wero SIT in fractional cur?
rency, 3, .r>, 10,25aud 50 cent "shin
plasters." Some of tho latter wero
in the original sheets in winch they
woro printed, When it becumu
known that these relics wero in tbo
bunk people thronged in to pur
chaso them, ami in uu hour nil tho
??ahinplastera" hud disappeared.
There was also a $lu 5 por cent,
interest bearing noto issued by tho
Government in the early part of tbe
war. There was a largo quantity of
old silver, including u half dollar
that wus minted in 1810. There
wero soveral of tho lir?t issuo of
greenbacks, as crisp as though they
bud eomo olV tbo pres>cs at tbo
Bureau of Printing and Engraving.
This money had boon boarded year
after yeur iu preference to trusting
it to tho banks,_
Tn(iicrr?tl"ii, ninl Btomocb disorders, tnko
iHimv.vs IKOM BITTKKB.
All itcalern keep It, SI por holtle. (jr-i.iiinehaa
uuUw murk and crcuud red lines ou wrapper
W AI/T KB MUM'. TKUPLB G WAT If MB T
85 plain Si.. Norfolk, Va.
?JrjfJ,Xhc visible results of
our labors teil their own
C. C. BARCLAY,
houses hnd lots
For Sale ox Easy Terms.
12G MAIN BTltEET,
Norfolk, - - Virginia.
JAMES t III
Of HIT fM
5D7 and 508 coium?ia Building,
MANUFDCTI BER O.
Ami Wliulcsalj ; nJ Kolail Denier io
Stalls io and 12 City (narkef.hgtIoik.
J. C. ROBERTS, PID?
Meal, Hominy and Bran
? ASI> DEALER IS ?
Flour, Feed. Etc.
Corner Tiroad Oreok Koa I nnd Norfolk
'Jorminai, Norfolk, 'J'bono, 501.
Tliene inillH, which wire erected \\at
June, nui located on tbe Norfolk mid
Western Kailroad and are fully equipped
with nil the latent icipio\?d Milling