Newspaper Page Text
Horfoik's Splendid Fa?iiities
by Reil ana Water.
CONNECTIONS NORTH, SOU1U, IAS1 AND WES1
S BemaiKaDle Snowing of Giowm
THE GREAT TBOtfK" RBILBOflB
lines Leading onward 10 tlie Kings
?.000 MIES RAIL. 17,000 WATtR 1RASSP0R1A110S
deled Review d me Rcspectcve Lines by
Roil Dirt Wafer.
Norfolk ha9 become in tue pas
ten years a great railroad terminal.
Great trunk liuos with great ruil
woy connections put in quick reaoh.
"the kino's ohambbb among the
qreat harbors," as Maury the
great navigator and "Pathfinder of
tbe Seas and Geographer of the
Main" described it. As a recent
writer remarked, ".iud a King's
chamber tiuly, it is to laudsmeu
dwelling on the plain, a view quite
apart from the view of those who g
down to the fea in ships." baltimore
with half a milliou souls, occuping
one of the courts to this chamber,
the estuary of the Patapsco; and in
its graml natural aqueducts uud
fountains of tbe Jumes anil Eliza?
beth in Virginia, two other great
eeaports ol trade impressively rise.
Into and out of, back and forth,
through these and other portals to
It, a vast ami cumulative stream of
Jho foreign commerce of the central
West and the central South - and
from tue eastern side of tho Mi*s
issippi Valley now between Chi?
cago sod Memphis, towards tbe
great bay, nearly all the trunk lines
of rail either lead or htu I.
And so it is. A gluuco tit the map
of Norfolk's trade area will demon
titrate this assertion, nearly eighteen
thousand miles of railroad, .Such a
terminal at this grand harbor. A
little more than twenty years ago
tho short liuo of rail, not exceeding
two hundred miles, was the s;im
total of the railroad system that
furnished "a trade urea" to Nor
folk. The growth has been phe?
nomenal, and tho promise is tar
brighter f< r even a gieater stretch
in much less lime than it has re
quired to secure what it uuw proud
J.v claims. The trunk hues that
made this harbor their terminal ure
The Norfolk and Wrsteiin.
The Seaboard Ant Line.
Tub Atlantic Coast Line.
TllB CtlBSAPBAKE ani> Ouio,
The Atlantic and Danville,
The Norfolk and Soiitheun.
Tin: NBW 1'obk, philadelphia
There are besides two smaller
liuos: tbe Norfolk, Albemarlo and
Atlantic, and the Ocean View, It
is estimate I thai the number of pas?
senger trains running into and out
oi Norfolk daily is 60, while the
number ol freight traius i- stated lo
be about 80. Koch twenty lour
hours it is asserted that nearly 1,200
car loads of freight are discharged
nt our depots,
Tbe growth of the steamboat and
steamboat transportation has how
ever necessarily kept puce with that
of tho railroad development; not
only as it relates to one certain
trade, but also to tho foreign busi?
ness, nud so much so in counecti >n
w ith the latter line ti nt in the Inet
^oar two regular direct lines ol
splendid froigbt ocean steamers to bin
rope have been established, viz., tbe
Earniss lino in connection with tbe
Chesapeake ou t Ohio railroad aud I
tho Norfolk and North America
Steamship Company, principally in I
connection with the Norfolk and
VVesteru railroad. It is estimated
tboro were over -1,000 vessels
cleared coastwise and foreign
last year. In tho aggregate
of its morhimo interests Nor
folk stands next to Nuw Orleans
among the Southern ports. Jt has
grown much taster than any other
of tho South. Aside from tho
foreign hues, stated above, it pnn
cipal steamship aud ateuuiboat lines
pre as follows:
The Old Dominion.
The Merchants' and Mixers1,
mnB Washington Steamers,
The Hay Link Steamers.
Ti!k James River,
Besides thete are steamboat lit.as
aonnectiug with tho Sound aection
pi North Carolina, the V'en.omniul
Nearly Eighteen Thousand Miles of Railroad Connections, Besides Sev?
ers! Thousand Miles of Water Transportation, Elxnibits Norfolk's Ad?
vantages in the Highways and Water Ways of the
EBusiness of the Country.
4 * .
CStsapat, & OI?c S,ittin ? ?y?au-x? 4;;
Oi ton y/tew.
IINI or n it..?OHNroiiN? At. .ix'b ?i,?i?w
?TO HOR'OUt I'MISHOOlH t?Jt, UIKtULl
'1 N?n suviiil.
nPHE MAP ABOVE gives an idea of the trade area of Norfolk reached by the great rairoad lines
which seek our magnificent deep water harbor.
The map is from the design of Mr. Walter Sharp, of this oily, and published by him two
years ago. At that time the railroad mileage to this port was LG,833, as shown by the map. AI
present it will reach nearly eighteen thousand miles. The territory embraced is rich and prosperous.
Is (ipcns up a magnificent field for business push and pluck and enterprise. It presents all the oppor?
tunities for growth and development. It is the guarantee of the "GREATER NORFOLK."
With eighteen thousand miles of railroad connections and several thousand miles of water tran?
sportation, employing the services of the large and splendid ocean steam-hips, magnificent Bay and
Sound steamers. Surely the future is most promising.
river, tlie York and Rappabanook.
Below will be found a detailed Biete
ment?of ttiti transportation tacihtios,
mil ami water, which will be inter
tlio ivorioiit anil Western itali
No review of tlio oommerciol in?
terests ot Norfolk would bs com
pleto without mention of tho Nor
folk iitnl Western Ihulroad, n groot
fuctor in tlio prosperity of the city
which it hns done so much to foster
nuil bring her commercial iidvan
luges prominently to tho notice of
the world. The Norfolk and West
bra Railroad has been u great, if not
tho greatest factor of all the linos
terminating lu this vicinity in tho
development of the port. It has no
other seaboard terminus, and conse?
quently the full tide of its export
business Hows through this port.
Tho enlightened and euterprising
management of this great corpora
tion, recognizing tho importance of
the maguiticont harbor, early began
to lay plans for the development of
tbe shipping intorestsof the port by
rescuing out after other branches of
tratlio t nan tho cottou business,which
nnnatitntnd the staple of hor expert
trade in tlio early eighties, [a uti
ticipalinn of this broadeuing out ol
trado linen, tho warehouses <?n the
water front nt Norfolk wereenlarged
anil additional buildings oreotod, n \
commodious oud couveuieutly nr
ranged grain elevator Was erected
and the local freight facilities ox
teuded to furniah capacity many
times greater than tho iusdeijuate
arraugements tlieu, iu use. Iu addi
(ion to this, the splendid harboi
frontage at l.umh.-rt's Point, one
ami tbreo-fonrtiis miles iu length,
war- acquired and work commenced
on the extcusive coal piers at that
1 he results of tho great financial
ontly required to construct these
improvement., huvo not been disap
pointing to the far seeing manage*
ment of the company. Not duly
has the local business of tbe city j
itself increased with giant stride^, I
but tho character 01 tho export '
business of the port has beeu revo?
lutionized until now, where cotton I
oiieo reigned supreme, coal, gram, !
Hour, pticking hotiso products, to
bacon, lumber, logs, staves aud the
multifarious items ol geuersl export
truthe from the South, West aud
Northwest supplement the ship
moots of tho great staple product of
lbs Sohtb id swelling tho volume ol
business that has made Norfolk the
ino-t important shipping point
south of Baltimore.
In efleoting the splendid res.ilt-:
thus achieved, the Norfolk and
Western Railroad has thrown out
linos in every direction, drawing
ti i in to from all -eetious of tho com i
try, Whon the railway property
I ussed into tbe hands of its present
owners, its oidn<: liuo was l'_'S miles
in leugth, including main truck and
i ; 10 lies, with less than seventy-live
miles of sidings. The work of ox
ten don was |iushed with visor, the
first important enterprise being tbe
building of a line to the Pocabuntas
coal held, which wus later extended
to tho Ohio river, making with the
aequisitiou of tbe Soioto Valley Hail
way a continuous line of 7i>7 miles
from Colubus, Ohio, to Norfolk,and
forming a direct liuufrorn tho North i
west to tidewater.
Meanwhile a lino of railway 100
miles in length was built from (ira
ham, Va., on the brauch to tho cotil
rogiou, to Norton, Va., forming a
connection with tho Louisville and
Nashville Railroad, and thus reach
lug the fruitful territory of Ken
tueky and tlio Middle Western
States, Tlia South mi 1 Southwest
wus ulrt-a.l v tributary by llietbruugb
line via Bristol and tlio East Ten
ni'sseo, Virginia ami (iijorgia it ill
Tbe acquisition by lease of the
Sbouaudoab Valley, tlio Lyncbburg
and Darnam and lbs Moanoke aud
.Southern, addod to tho total mileage
of tho system, until the number of
miles operated bv tho company has
been iiuadni|ded, Oeing now 1, 11j7
miles,'.villi second tracks and sidings
aggregating 55j miles additional.
Nor has the Company been found
wanting iu tho improvement of its
equipment for tbe handling of tho
tremendoui volume of busiooss tb-i
attraoted over its line, and tho re?
sults of the vigorous policy of oxton
Bioo and development of tho system
has been seen in the growth and
prospority of Norfolk us its shipping
A few facts and figures relative to
tho extent uf tho Norfolk and Wes?
tern's physical interests at Norfolk
and Lambert's Point may, perhaps,
bo interc-tiug. Tho river frontage
owned by tho company within the
city of Noifolk extends over one
third of a mile. Its grain elevator
has n stornco rapacity of 100,000
bushels, with receiving anil shippitig
capacity of 50,000 bushels |>t;r day,
Tho company also owns 11 ilmitiu?
elevator, which by utilizing batmen
during iho muh of the grain season,
rouilurs tlio facilities lor elevation
und H.tora<,"j practically unlimited.
Tlio three laryo warehouses on
tho wharves have a Capacity of ',1,000
b'ilos of ootton, or about 1,j(jO tous
of general freight. In opou gbedu
htoniKo roiini is provided I >r 5,000
Dales of oottoti, or 1,7511,000 loot of
lumber, or about 1,500 tous of
miscellaneous freight, Uooovored
storage is provided lor 3,500,000 feet
of lumber, or 1,7;")0,000 Staves, or
10,000 tous of piy iron. In tho local
warehouse tho receiving and ship?
ping capacity is l,0t)0 toue of gcueral
freight per day, Tho local coaling
Bfation iu the city of Norfo'k has fa?
cilities for uuloadiug 100 cars of ooul
At Lurnuort's Point the two coal
piers havo at present a shipping ca
paoity of 1,200 tous of to&\per hour,
but evau those immense faailities for
uuloadiug from oars to yeasaU are
not regarded as suflicieni for the
requirements of the coal business,
and improvemeuU are fcow in ooa
templation which will onable the
unloading of 2,000 tons per hour.
Warehouses Nds, 1 and 2 have n
Oombined capacity of -1,Hit) bales ?-f
colton, or about 35,000 tons of gen?
eral freight, 1 lie uncovered urea
for the storage.of rough lumber and
i pig iron at Lambert'? i'oint ie un?
limited in capacity,
Tho importance Of the volume of
tratllu at Norfolk end Lambert's
Point is indicated by tho fact that
thirty two miles of bidctraek in tho
vicinity of the points uro roquirod
to cuahlo the busiuoss to ho handled
with economy and dispatch.
The through trallio betneou Nor?
folk and the Northern Boaboard
citios is handled by regular lines of
modern steamships?tlio Old Do?
minion Steamship Company to
New Voik, the Morohuut?' aud
Miners' Transportation Compauy
to UostoU and I'rovidonoo, the Clyde
Lino to Philadelphia, tho Bay Line
to Baltimore and the Norfolk aud
Washington, I). (,'., Steamboat
Company to Washington, lu ad?
dition to tlio coastwiso Btearner hues
the New York, Philadelphia aud
Norfolk railroad connection via
Capo Charles reaches Now York,
Philadelphia and intermediate
The direct ocean steamer connec?
tion for British and Continental
ports is tho Norfolk aud North
Atnericau Whipping Company (Lim?
ited i. whose first vessel, tho "Lam?
bert's l'oiut," made its initial trip
recently. For several yours tho
North American '1'ruusport Com?
pany (tho parent of too new lino)
has boou handling this export trallio
with chartered steamships, but the
buBlUOSS hllS developed to Slicll IUI
extent as to warrant tho building of
a regular line of modern oceau
freight steamers,of which tho "Lam?
bert's Point" is tho pioneer.
Itapid us bus been tue progress of
the development of tho froight in?
terests of our city, its passenger
business ha? not been neglected.
Among the lirst of tho radical im?
provements tnado by the company,
after tho acquisition of the road,
wan the orectiou of the prosout hand?
some passenger station in lion of a
ramshackle structure, which was
neither creditable to the road nor
convenient for its patrons. Duriug
the intervening' years the cburucter
ot tho passotiger service has steadily
improved, aud to day the people of
this city havo ut tueir command
facilities for travel that are excelled
by those of no other city in the
Double daily service in both di?
rections is enjoyed by means of the
regular through trains which give
both morning aud evening schedules
iu and outbound, lu addition to
tlioso convenient time tables, the
famous "Cunuou-bull" vestibuled
limited train between Norfolk, Pe?
tersburg und llichmoud, places Vir?
ginia's threo principal citios in the
attitude of next di or neighbors. Its
present schedule t 'me between Nor?
folk and tho Caj dal City is two
hours and twenty- ivo minutes, or a
rate of spcod nVt raging over forty
live miles nu hoti:. Tuo suburban
passenger traffic i i amply eared for
by u tr.uu making four daily trips iu
each direction bet veeu Norfolk and
LumbortVPoint, and another mak?
ing two doAly'iriudUo und from Dis
mul Swamjj. )
It 19 but; u few |yeurs since tbe
various roads comprising tlio 9e&
boutd Air/Liinei Ward fdruieii into a
?ystem w trieb is mjwoneof tho ieud
mg und u.oct l'togV( ssivo trunk liues
in tbo b?A'tli. 'llifc systoui is what
its uftinu r?rn;;;cst(i4-ivu air line froui
Nortolk JtO .Atlanta, with such,
biauebes jiid .Ii du ipnrs as make it u
uselul anoj prohitaljio combiuatiuu ot
facilities lor cuVying pui?engeM
over some of] the iuost beautiful,
productiya and prosperous portions
of Virginia, the <? urolinae und
Li.-iorgia and iov gathering from
piuutution', miiio amt null tue rieb
products of that tegiou und briug
ing theni to the splendid deep wuu-r
lermiuns at Norloik Sur distribution
to tbe North and West Aud the old
The tracks of the Seaboard Air
Lme extend over ' H miles through
almost every variety of conuiry
k'uOWD, from thy sou-washed shoiea
of Tulewat. r V irginia, through the
beautiful rolling country of tl:a
Piedmout seutiou, to the cloud cap?
ped peaks of ,Vcsteru North (Juro
luiu. Looking through the car win?
dow iu S'irgiliiii, the tourist will eon
some of the must productive truck
farms in tbo world, vust pluntittious
employing h ludretis of bands aud
growing uens aud acres of groeu
stuff for Nortuerd markets, Fur?
ther sottih, -u North Carolina, he
will comoupon tho luoxliaustiblu bot?
tom lauds of the tiouuoko, aud thou
thoso tobacco fields which undoubt?
edly produce tho most perfect bright
leaf iu thu world.
Mouth of Uateigh he outers the
territory kuowu as Pino Hills,where
the bund of Providouoe has placed a
natural sauilarium aud whero the
grape, the peach and the blackberry,
as well as many other small fruit,
reach r maximum of quantity and
" Continued on Tenth faya