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title: 'The Norfolk Virginian. (Norfolk, Va.) 186?-189?, December 05, 1895, Page 6, Image 6',
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>;' . y. UC?nttyf?o.^ from Fir.-, t Page.) ,
:-,. : Tho encouragement of lmmlKi'utUm
;,8?l?E;tli? construction and ii'.ali.uiuim.v
AOt good t?a?s tue wnu-siiy urged: tin
ihiiK>rtanec- of the Weather Bureau la
piviemud. and the hope espi.H.'ed that
i,-. itteAiUate Weather Service will he or
:/Sar?Bed and placed upon a linn basis;
.'the Value of soil te?ts is regarded by the
?^Voard as grow, and the iKid of a topo
vgruphlcul and geographical map of
iVsVir^lnla Is considered impel alive.
>'V-VV-; Protection ol Virginia Wnlern.
The wcnltli of Vlrglnkl in her waters
could nurdly be overestimated.
According to the Baylor survey there
fC-V.i?r? '? B01,21l>.3 acres of natural oyster
;:.:-beds, rocks and shoals, anil -IQU.OflO acres
>:Of planting ground?of ?'barren nr. .1
^.disposable by the Commonwealth fi i
' the piopagation of oysters." of course
^'the natural rocks cannot be rented; but
i* the Immense area outside is leasable,
f'and.lf it could be let a.l an annual ron
' till of one dollar per acre?-the price
' fixed by statute? -it would yield as
'. much revenue as is now, realized from
? real and personal property of the value
of one bundled million dollars, and
nearly as much as from all the cities
' in the State. It may be that this vast
expanse of oyster ground will iu?vcr
-under and circumstances or condition
be lna-r^d, but suppose the Slate can
realize front half or it. how magnlllccnt
?will be the icturn!
But to preserve the value of these
propagating grounds we must guard
the seefo! ground.
How Important, then. It Is that we
look well to the protection of the natu?
ral beds from the dredger, at home
and abroad. While we have had some
trouble with resident dredgers. Inces?
sant have bean our troubles with non?
residents in the Tiuiglcr and I'oco
r.ioke sounds until recently. So per?
sistent and frequent had been these
incursions by non-pcsldents that during
the session of the last General Assem?
bly 1 recominsncd an appropriation for
the purpose or strengthening <?'"?' oyster
?police navy, and the sum; of $10,500 Wits
sat apart to thai end. without cxi aid?
ing all of this appropriation the Board
on the Chesapeake and Its Tributaries
purchased in the city of New \*c rk a
steamer of light draft, yet seaworthy,
and armed-and equipped hor. She was
hapjed "Accomac," and, with th ?
schooners "Tangh r" and "Ppcomoke,"
already In service, she was kepi on the
Sta.te lino in the sounds during the
oyt'ter season of lS94-'5. At the ehtl of
that season, to,save xep'cnses, the "Po
cOrnoke" wns retired until the com?
mencement of the present season,when
she was again placed In commlealon.tlu
"Actomuc" and tlie "Tangh r." how?
ever, remaining at their posts during
the past summer, and all are now on
It gives me pleasure to state that
since'the 'lAceomuc" wns placed on the
line no depredation of any consequence
has occurred. I believe the appropria?
tion, wns Judicious, und that th'*
strengthening of our oyster police for.'.'
bus had the effect of deterring noh-ie
sldents from crossing our Hue, defying
our laws, and preying upon our oyster
beds," as they had been doing for many
The ofllcc-rs commanding the steamer
and schooners have been vigilant ami
faithful, and are worthy of the highest
On the evening of the 16th day of
February, ISM, a large number of oys?
ter boats, owned and manned by citl
.': sens of Maryland, crossed into Virginia,
in Tangier Sound, and with arms drove
the Virginia oyster police schooner,
"Tangier," from her post. In said sound,
and took possession of the valuable
. oyster grounds known as "Old Woman's
llareh," and, in defiance of law. dredg?
ed thereon for oysters until they were:
driven out by the oyster police Steam* r.
''Chesapeake," under orders from me,
on the night or February 19th. In the
pursuit or the marauding vessels; the
schooner "William IS. Price" and the
schooner "Q. W. Stevenson." belong
ing,.respectively, to Benjamin F. Marsh
;un,i' Edward Lowe, residents of the
' State of .Maryland, wer.-- taken by the
"Chesapeake." It 'was alleged " that
there beats had been pursued by the
"Chesapeake" into Maryland waters
and there captured. The General As?
sembly of the State of Maryland, on
theSSth day of February, 1894, passed a
joint resolution declaring that tin- act
Was art Invasion and violation of the
the. territory of Maryland, which could
not be passed by without notice and
reparation, and, appointing a commit?
tee who, in conjunction with the Gov?
ernor of that State, were directed to
call the attention of the Governor and
Legislature of this State to this viola?
tion'of the territory of Maryland, and
demand redress and reparation. The
join resolution was laid before mo by
the committee, and by me communicat?
ed to the General Assembly of Vir?
ginia: whereupon a committee was ap?
pointed by a Joint resolution adopted
?March 2d. 18W, to act jointly or sepa?
rately with a like committee to be ap?
pointed by the General Assembly of
Maryland to investigate and ascertain
? the1 facts In connection with the conflict
between the "Chesapeake" anil dredg?
ing vessels, and the capture of the "Wil?
liam E. Price'' and "G. \v. Stevenson."
and report the facts ascertained, to?
gether with their conclusions, to the
Governor of this Commonwealth. On
the 20tli day of June. 1891, the said
committee made their report to me,
setting forth that the evidence was
conflicting as to the exact 'locality of
the capture of the said vessels. They
reported, further, that it clearly ap?
peared that the "Clie-iiipeake" pur?
sued the dredging fleet into Maryland
waters, and, after an able and exhaus?
tive discussion of the light of Virginia
to pursue into Maryland waters.athey
.. concluded that inasmuch as the' au
: thortties of that State had not thereto?
fore' refused to extradite an offender
against Virginia's laws, and it not ap
. pearing that the attention of the auhorl
tles of Mnrylnnd had been called to the
continuous incursions by residents of
that State into Virginia waters. Vir?
ginia, could not. at the date of the cap
ture. claim the right of pursuit. They
further concluded that under all the
circumstances, and relying upon the full
co-operation of the authorities of Mary?
land with our own officers to prevent
similar troubles In the future, a suita?
ble acknowledgement of regret should
be made to the Governor of Maryland,
and recommened that the captured ves?
sels be tendered to him. A copy of said
report Is hereto appended.
?Acting upon the recommendation of
the committee, on the ?th of September
1894,1 addressed a letter to His Excel?
lency, Frank Brown. Governor of Mary?
land, a copy of which, together with'a
copy of his reply, will be found ap?
Since that time there has been no
cause of complaint upon the part of
Virginia, and I hope and believe we will
. In ffte future bo relieved of the con
ntct3 which for many years hud been
occurring in the Tangier and I'ocomoke
Sounds, resulting fiom tlio long-coii
tlmieil and persistent depredations upon
our valuable oyster grounds by resi?
dents of Maryland.
The oy:;tcr laws have been enforced
r.s tar as possible, and the command?
ant of the "Chefapeake." Capt. VY. E.
Iludgiim. is etilUled to special notice
He has b:en active and watchful, ftur
Icss and diligelit. In the discharge of
his responsible duties. Violations are
occurring oiten.but many violatorshaye
been arrested and lined.
In various Instances inspectors have
been deceived and have issued licenses
to non-residents of the Stale, contrary
of course, to law, und these Impositions
are liable to occur at any time under
the existing statute In view of this
fact. I submit for your consideration
the propriety of so amending the statute
its t<> require all licenses to be granted
by the judges of the icspectlve county
or city courts, cither In term time or va
c >t n il.Instead of the Inspectors; and that
a record of tilt licenses so granted be
kept by the clerks of tlie respective
courts, and thai they be required to
furnish the proper Inspector with a
copy of each order granting a license.
semi quarterly a certified list of
said license to the Auditor of Public
Accounts, to he used.by the Auditor
iti settling with the Inspectors.
(I has been alleged in a few localities
that the survey of the natural beds did
not embrace ail of the natural rocks, i
and disputes have arisen between tong
nien and lessees of grounds not in?
cluded In the survey. 1 must express
Ills opinion that the lines established
are substantially correct. They were
design:.ted by Capt. J. li. Ltaylor, a
most distinguished and competent ofli
cer nf the United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey, under the direction
of commssloners appointed by the
courts of the respective counties, and 1
have great faith in their n.'cura.-.-y. and
there should be no interference with
them unless there was a palable mis?
take made, and no harm can result,
('are should be taken not to set a bad
Tile Volunteer MUM In.
Virginia lias a volunteer militia force
of which she can be most Justly proud.
In the future, as in the past, she will
lind her soldiers ever a bulwark against
danger, ever ready to uphold the law,
maintain the pence, vindicate the right,
and protect the humblest of her citi?
zen:; In his gutirautt.il privileges,
whenever the civil authority proves too
weak. "'Pile militia, is the sword arm
of the Commonwealth," to he used cau?
tiously, but (Irmly. In vain will ugi
tal< is and disturbers ami those with
anarchistic tendencies seek to arouse
iL prejudice against the volunteer sol?
diers of a State, for they are not hire?
lings nor aliens, but they coinc from
the people, and, prompted only by pn
trlotolsm, they enlist for the defence
of the people <>f their State and her
Thiicie proud run Virginia lie of h?r
volunteers, for surely they have shown
their devotion to her by maintaining
and keeping up the efllclency of their
organizations In spite of the meagre
support they have received from her.
Lust year ca.'.h cavalryman und artil?
leryman received $:'.m, and euch Infan?
tryman $'J.10, from the State. 1 do not
think there Is a Slate In the Union that
appropriates so little for the support of
her militia. Can wo not do better? An
appropriation double the sum hereto?
fore set apart would not be felt by any
tax-payer in the Commonwealth.
Sii|i?rvlMi?ii ol' Ntnto ItniiLs, Insur?
ance t'oiiipiiiiics. mid llmldlug
mid Loan Association*.
The experience of the last few years
has demonstrated the necessity of su?
pervision of Slate banks. The National
Government has considered it wise?in
fact, necessary?In exercise supervisory
power over national banks, anil like
power should be exercised by the Stale
over State banks. Various instances.
01* recent dates, could he cited where
heavy losses have occurred through the
purloining of funds by bank officers, the
making of false entries, and the keep?
ing of false accounts, or the gross mis?
management of said banks.
Similar power should be conferred
over Insurance companies and building
and loan associations. During my term
frauds have been committed by Insur?
ance companies chartered by this State.
Without capital, they have advertised
extensively for business, and issued pol?
icies, and. when losses luiv/2 occurred,
the suffering policy-holders have awak?
ened to the fact thai they had been
swindled and Ihe swindlers had de?
Hull.Hug and lean associations are
multiplying rapidly, and becoming im?
portant factors in the growth and pro?
gress of our State. They gather in the
savings of thousands of poor people,
and, when properly conducted, they are
blessings lo those who are without
homes. Like banks and insurance com?
panies, there should be State supervi?
sion over these associations.
Deponit? by ItiNiirniiee Companies.
Foreign insurance companies, life and
(ire. are required id deposit with the
Treasurer of the State bonds of the
Slat-. United States, or certain cities,
to an amount equal t.. five per centum
of their capital Stock, no! to exceed
$00.1100 nor be less than $10,000. These
bonds are held for the security of Un?
insured, and. in case of |he default of it
company to pay any of its liabilities, the
bonds are directed to lie sold to satisfy
the same. II can work no hardship to
require home companies to make de?
posits upon the same basis. They
will draw Ihe interest upon the bonds
deposited, and. by furnishing security
to tie ir policy-holders, will strengthen
themselves in the confidence of the pub?
lic ami enlarge their business. X.. bona
lide company, or one sufllciently strong
to do business and merit confidence, it
seems to me. would object; and. if the
deposits are required, no fraudulent
concerns could in tin? future Impose
themselves upon the public.
, <iOOll Ito.-K/-..
I Great interest is being awakened in
tin- country at large In Improved roads,
and I hope you will recognize the Im?
portance of pushing well lo the iron! in
tin- movement. That our country roads
are generally poor no one will .buy.
We are inviting Immigration and offer?
ing inducements lo settlers in the wav
of low prices for our fertile and rich
lands, hut we have done nothing to
make the ways over which they must
travel and haul, if they come among
us. smooth end firm. Many Slates are
already moving, and others are a rousing
from their lethargy. Shall wo sleep and
allow them to outstrip us in a matter
so essential to our advancement and
Progress? We have railroads running
in every dlrctlon to transport our pro?
ducts to market, and yet the rondwnvs
I to them in many sections are so bad
that the cost of reaching them is so
heavy as to leave the producers Utile
gstfl? c?te* ejecting the cost of pro
tluctlou. Complaint Is frequently made]
that, the 'freight rates nre excessive.
This may'he true In many .Instances, j
but no effort is made to reduce the ex?
pense of hauling to the railroads by
improving the public highways, it Is
my" opinion that nothing Improves a
country more than good muds, and no
Investment yields the farmer more than
the money he pays as road tux, If It In
Judiciously used. Ever since I entered
upon the discharge of the duties of my
present position I have taken a pecu?
liar Interest in the subject I am now
presenting. 1 hnve found dllllcitltlcs in
tho way to an enactment of sucli laws
as will Insure the, result desired, but
they are not' insurmountable.
During your session plans to secure
better roadways will he lnld before you
I learn, by a committee appointed by a
roads convention which met recently In
the city or Richmond, and f trust you
will give the committee a patient hear?
ing, and be able to evolve some meas?
ure which will redound to the advan?
tage of every section of our Rlnte, by
securing better ways for getting from
Point to point and conveying our pro?
ducts to the railroads and markets.
? Public Health.
I submit that the laws bearing upon
the subject of public health need re?
Within the last year various localities
In the State have had visitations of
small-pox and other dangerous con?
tagious diseases, and so vague and in
dellnlte was the statute that the author?
ities were In doubt as to the course to
pursue to protect tho s communities
against the spread of the maladies and
at the same time Infringe upon no per?
sonal or public right. In some locali?
ties proper precautions were taken and
no wrong done; In others. extreme
measures were adopted, resulting frohi
unreasonable alarm, which worked In
Jury to business Interests.
The Governor, under section 1714 of
the the Cod.-, is required to appoint
a State Uoard of Health and Vital Sta?
tistics. The dtltles and powers of this
board are too limited, In my opinion, to
effect any practical results. It should
be abolished, as its title is misleading
oi" Its duties and powers enlarged. I
think the latter would be wise.
The p\lmc object of the State Hoard
of Health should be the saving of hu?
man lives, und to that end the preven?
tion and spread of diseases. The board
should have advisory and supervisory
powers, and police power where no
local board exists. As the luw stands
n community for want of skilled advice
may be lux or extreme in precautionary
measures. One city or town may. for
fear or Injury to Its business or com?
mercial Interests, delay loo long or
guard Imperfectly, while another city
or town may become panle-stiiclten
and uct loo hastily or radically.
Very many, perhaps all, of the States
exclusive of Virginia, have boards id'
health, clothed with powers of a prac?
tical character, and they an- supported
by appropriations. Massachusetts ap?
propriates about $ltl0.iHi!): Illinois about
$50.000; Alabama. $13,000; .Maryland.
$13,000; North Carolina, $5,500; Souih
Carolina. $3.000; Tennessee. $:i.0O0. Our
statute provides expressly that our
board "shall not In any way be a Charge
upon tlie State."
The net approved March 0. 1S94. en?
titled "an act to provide tor the method
cd" voting by ballot," and known as the
"Walton luw." has been vigorously as?
sailed and earnestly defended.
1 have given the net careful conside?
ration! and, In the performance of my
duty. I shall express my views plainly
Tile-object of all election laws should
be the necurement or order nt the polls
und :i free and untrammelled, pure ami
iiiipurchasetl expression of the will
of the people through the medium of the
it must be conceded that the system
which had prcailed in Virginia for
years prior to IS94 had utterly failed
to accomplish the object just stated.
It cannot lie denied that there hail
beeil much confusion and disorder at
the various voting places, and thai
large sums of money had been used in
every election to corrupt voters by all
political parties, and men's ballots had
been purchased like slocks in the mar?
ket. It cannot be dented that the weak
In will have been controlled by the
strong, that they had been unduly In?
fluenced and compelled for fear of
class or race ostracism or persecution
to rolled the will of others, not theli
own. and deprived of the free exercisi
of ihe right of suffrage.
That this condition of affairs should
cease in the Interests of our Institutions
had long been apparent to every hi n St I
and right thinking citizen. The Gene?
ral Assembly, fully appreciating tin
danger to our institutions, which hiifl
been increasing year by year, undertook
the task of reforming our laus in the
Interest of pure elections, nnd Ihe
Walton act was tin- result of the co,?
bin. d effort and wisdom of a majority
or the representatives.
Has the act accomplished tin- purpose
for which it was intended? it has sure?
ly secured quiet, peaceable, and or?
derly elections. The excitement, confu?
sion, and disorder, nnd the badgering,
pulling and hauling of Voters, thai
prevailed to such a disgusting extent,
have ceased. It has "rendered Hie use
of money impossible for the venal voter
can no longer be led to Ihe polls by
him who has contracted for his vol.-. li
has certainly secured the free, untram?
melled, and unpiirchased ballot of every
voter of ordinary Intelligence, for when
he enters tie- bOOtll lie is exempt fl "111
intimidation and the Influence of mon?
ey, class, and race, and there prepares
his own ballot with Ills own hand, un?
der his own eye, and none other.
So far. the effect of ihe Walton law
must meet with the hearty support of
every citizen who values orderly elec?
tions, condemns the use of money nl
tlie polls, and desires a free, untram?
melled, and unpiirchased expression of
the will of the 1.Pie.
Now. as to the voters who are "phy?
sically or educationally-unable io vote."
The statute provides that a special
constable, "who shall be an honest and
discreet person, and be able to read and
write," shall be appointed for each poll- j
Ihg-placc in the state, who. after being
duly sworn to faithfully dlschnrge his
duty, shall, "nl the request to vote,"
render Ihe elector such assistance as
may lie necessary In preparing his bal?
It is to this provision of the law that
the most strenuous objection is made by
the opponents of the net. It is contend?
ed lh.it under II illiterate and blind
voters are placed at the niercy of ihe
Bpccllil constable. This is tin.-; hill
ever since the ballot svstem was adopt?
ed In Virginia, until the passage of the
Walton law, a.ll Illiterate und blind
volets were compelled to role lipon
others who were not officers, and were
nm under oath, to prepare their bal?
lots. The Walton law gives them a
sworn officer, under a heavy penalty, in?
stead of a private citizen, unbound by
the sanctity of *m onth. Thriv can
no force in Ute objection to the pro?
vision?only on tlit? assumption ,that
the otllclul;, .being of the opposite party
of the voter; would probably prepare the
ballot contrary to the directions of the
voter: in oilier words, that the special
constable, IkUw a Democrat or Itepub
lienn, as the ease may he, will lllfcly
perjure himself In the Interests of his
party. This Is a most violent assump?
tion, and, if carried to Us logical con?
clusion would cast discredit upon ev?
ery Judge who presides, and every wit-|
ness who testifies, In it contested elec?
tion case, or other matter of a politi?
cal nature.' It would he (o hold that a
Judge cannot be trusted, nor a witness
believed, because lie may be corrupted,
or may commit perjury to subserve
party ends. This Is more than I am
willing to assume. t
1 Docs the experience wc have bad In
the operation of Ilm act Justify such
an assumption? Since iis passage wo
have had three general elections. There
are one. hundred counties and eighteen
cities, and a both fourteen hundred vot?
ing places in llie State, and at each
precinct liiere was a special constable
at each election. I have not heard of
an .indictment being found, or even
charge preferred In form, against it sin?
gle special constable in any country or
city, nnd this Certainly speaks well for
the integrity or the elections held un?
der the new system; and. if they have
been free from corruption and fraud,
why amend this provision of the law?
"Striving to Ix tier, off we mar what's
well." It may be said that the Illiterate
voter, In the i'iiIure of things, could
not delect fraud in the special consta?
ble. Detection is easy, and so vigilant
have been the opponents of die system
it Is hardly provable thai limy would
have so utterly railed to find a single
case lo present if the law had not been
holiest I v administered.
I tu I if more I hau one constable Is In?
sisted upon, how many would be sug?
gested? 1 linnglne. of course, one for
each party having a ticket, and one
for each Independent candidate; Each
constable would then be present ns the
representative ami partisan of his party
or candidate. livery Illiterate voter,
upon entering the- polling place, unless
he Intended to deceive, would clearly
Indicate how he intended lo vole by
the constable ho would select to pre?
pare bis ballot, and ihe secrecy of the
ballot would thgreby be destroyed, lie
would virtually;proclaim his vole, nnd
tili' way for llv use of money, now
dosed, woilld be opened up. and full
play would be given again lo class and
race Influence and Intimidation. It
may ,bo urged that with one constable
the secrecy of the ballot i- destroyed.
This is true to the extent of Ihe olllcinl's
knowledge?-this from Ihe necessity of
(lie cse?but. under the proposed
amendment . the voter will 1.bmpelled
to disclose Iiis Intentions, not to one
man. but to Ihe judges, elesksj and till
Ihe special constables present.
Taking everything into consideration,
do not Ihc-'-advantage* or the existing
provision outweigh Hie advantages of
the proposed n inend men I? With one
constable, (here Is only possible dis?
honesty In the preparation *of the bal
tots of the illiterate and blind: with motte
than one constable, there Is certain
destruction of Ihe secrecy or the ballot,
or a disclosure, perhaps, ten-foid great?
er limn now. and a renewal of ihe evils
of Intimidation, money corruption nnd
undue class, and race InltucnCCH. Nil
law can be;0hs'.'lutely perfect. Xo law
can render' fraud, corruption or dis?
honesty absolutely impossible. All that
can lie done to .exclude, as far as
may be, the opportunities for the perpe?
tration of wrong, nnd impose heavy
nenallins for violations, fit my opin?
ion, the Walton in Its general
scope, approximates the object desired?
of fair and Iwinest ?elections, and n
free, nntrn'inmelled and unpui'ehased
expression of the will of the people.
A dishonest und corrupt constable may
occasionally be found under (lie existing
system; but. on the other hand. Ihe
proposed nmendment world make ihe
purchase. Intimidation and Imprope^r In?
fluence ..f voters easy and certain, and
rei,uire ibe Illiterate, and blind voter to
Impart his uocxot to all present in the
If I am Wrong in my conclusions, and
yon should determine ihal the number
of special constables should be In
i leased. I shall cheerfully yield to your
Judgment, for no man more earnestly
favors fair and honest elections than
I recommend such amendments ns
inay l>e necessary lo rc-iiove the net of
uncertainties in its 'construction. I
recommend that it be so amended as to
require the ballots in each county and
city be of uniform size and style,
printed tint .plain and uniform type,
so they can to easily rend by those
acquainted with the English language.
With pain and mortification I bring
!<? your attention the frequent inking
of human Iii' without due process of law.
within die borders of our State. BybiXJ
such act blunts Hie sensibilities of Unr]
participants, and tends to dry up lite
w^il-sprlhgs of morality and brpakj
down the safeguards of society. ' In'
Virginia lynching ennnol be defended;
it must be reprobated. This ''ommon
wenlili has ever boasted of the purity
til her Judiciary nnd Ihe upright ness of
her juries, yet the number who hsfvv
suffered death by tIt- halter, without
trial.- or sentences of her tribunals of
justice, hit created Abroad the im?
pression Hint her Judges ami juries <an
not be irush d, or thai her people an
swayed by passion and uncontrolled by
rensrin; that here law is dethroned anil
I know there is n crime too horrible
to mention, so black as lo cry for von
eeac.ee; but even the commission of
that crime eitnnot warrant a resort, to
m.ib viol, nee, for justice with us is cer?
tain, and will never miscarry, if the
law is allowed to take its course.
I invoke with emphasis the exercise
"i your power hi stamping out the spirit
which is bringing reproach upon Hie
honored home of this Commonwealth.
Christianity demands It: public morality
requires it;'popular si nlimeiit exacts It.
I recommend the passage of an net
requiring every county or city to pay
hit., the treasury of the state, tor the
bem lit of Hie public free school fund.
Ihe sum of J200 for each thousand of Its
population, not exceeding $10,000, for
every lynching which may incur w ithin
its limits. He same to be provided for
in Its next annual levy.
I further recommend Ihal the ex?
pense of the military, if called .ml bv
ib.- Sheriff .. :,.!.' eounty or the Mayor
of any city lo protect a prisoner threat?
ened with violence, shall be refunded
lo the Slate i,y said county or city out
of Its next annual levy.
1 further recommend Hint if any
sheriff, jailor, sergeant, constside or
cither ofllccr, having in custody a pris
nhi r shall permit said prisoner to he
taken from Iiis custody without ex?
hausting all means in his power to pre?
vent It. lie shall be summarily sus
r rided from othce' b>< the court In
Which lie qualified, until a motion to
remove; him shall be heard and deter?
mined by a Jury.
I further recommend that right of ac?
tion for damages be! given to the prison?
er taken from custody us aforesaid, If
living?If dead, to bis widow, if he leave
one, If not, to his Heirs?against the
officer from whom the prisoner was
taken, on his olllclal' bond;- and that
up-ori the trial of the motion to remove
said officer, or of the suit for damages,
the burden shall be upon said otllcer
to prove that he exhausted all means
In Iiis power to prevent tlte taking of
the prisoner from his custody.
1 further recommend that the penalty
for rape or attempted rape shall in every
case be death, and that an indictment
for either offence shall have precedence
over any other case 0:1 the docket of
the court, in which the Indictment is
? ITsc or Military,
During the lust two years the mili?
tary has been ordered into service I
upon the calls of the sheriffs to pro?
tect prisoners threatened with violence |
in the counties of Prince William, Au?
gusta, Frederick, Clarke. 1-iunonburg,
and Albemarle, and the timely pres?
ence of troops has bad the effect of
preventing mob violence and giving
Virginia u clean record, so far as lynch?
ing Is concefeucd for the years 1S94 and
1895. if any are disposed to put a mone?
tary price on law und order I will say
for their benefit that the entire cost!
or the military oil those several occa?
sions was less than two cents on the
thousand dollars of the taxable prop?
erty of the State.
? Besides the use or military In protect?
ing persons charged with crimes and se?
curing for them fair trials. It was call?
ed into service at Pocnhontas, Taze
well county, when a breach of the peace
and mob violence were threatened by
a large body of non-residents of the
State. Last spring the miners In the
Elkhpril region ot West Virginia went
out on a strike, because ol" a reduction
In their wages. The miners on the
Virginia side of the line, whose wages
were not cut, remained al work and re?
fused to Join the strikers. On the 1st
day or .Muy I received by wire reliable
Information that the strikers would hold
d meeting thnt day at Keystone, W.
Va., niter which they would use force
to prevent the Pocnhontas minors from
continuing a.t work; that the sheriff
Of Tax. well county and llfty deputies
were oil the ground to resist the ul
tempt. but that they would be power- |
less to meet a determined effort by the
strikers, who numbered at least s.ono.
I Immediately sent the following tele?
graphic message to the sheriff or Taxe
"Win- me fully condition of affairs In
milling region. Do you need military
aid'.' Law must be upheld at all haz?
ards. Take no.chances."
I received this reply promptly:
"Pocnhontas, Va., perfectly quiet
now. Elkhorn, W. Va., -still on strike.
Would advise that a company of troops
be kept In readiness."
At once l wired ills Excellency, the
Governor of West Virginia, for per?
mission to transport troops through
that State, If necessary, and authority
was Immediately given, and. at Hie re
? liiest of His Excellency, authority was
granted him to transport troops through
(?11 the 3d dny of May the following]
telegraphic message reached me from 1
['oca h? n Ins:
"Have Just returned from Elkhorn.
Everything quiet there; also in Poca
hontns as yet. The strikers from West
Virginia mines propose to have public
meeting here Sunday. 1 'cannot fore?
see the result. I am fearful of trouble.
1 will wire you again If anything trans?
(Sighed) JOHN W. CROCKETT,
Later the same dny the same officer
wired me from Pocnhontas In these
words: "West Virginia miners propose
lo hold mass-meeting here Sunday. If
violence attempted my force- would be
wholly- Inadequate. Answer." After
mature consideration I came to the
conclusion that several thousand Idle
and excited men. with free access to
liquor, meeting In PocallOlltas for the
purpose of coercing by force or threats
the Virginia, miners, who wore satisfied
and did not desire to srlkc, to quit Work
would certainly result in a breach
of the pence and serious troubles, and
us the sheriff had informed me that in
case of violence his force would be
wholly Inadequate, and there being no
troops In that section of the Slate. 1
determined that the rights of Virginia
citizens, the safety ?r the community,
und the protection of life und prop?
erly demanded that soldiers be placed
sttlllclentty near to Pocnhontas to en-?
abb- the sheriff to call them quickly to
lh-> scene in tlie event I hey were need?
ed. 1 had vivid In my memory Hie lofis
of life and destruction of property in
mining regions in other States on simi?
lar occasions, because of the tardiness
in siiporting the civil authority with
the military. While executives were
halting blood was Mowing and the
Humes playing. I recalled the proverb:
VRelier to be censured by some for an?
xious nprehensldns than ruined by too
confUh nt security." Accordingly, 1
ordi r< d Major William E. Simons, of
tip Virginia volunteer militia, to pro
eee.i nt once to Graham, distant about
five miles fl'OUl Pocahontas. and on the
line of the Norfolk and Western rail?
road, with a fore- which 1 hoped would
bC) Blllilclelll to overawe the lawless. If
not strong enough 10 cop.- successfully
With any outbreak, with orders to re?
port to the sheriff of Tnxowell county
and obey his command. At the same
lime I wired the sin-rift' that Hie com?
mander had been ordered to report
to him. Tie- troops reached Graham on
Saturday. May Ith. nboul 2 o'clock In
tile afternoon, and wen- there hailed,
(Continued on Eighth Page.)
Pimples, blotches, blackheads,
red, rough, and oily skin, prevented
by Culicura Soap, the most effect?
ive skin purifying and beautifying
soap in the world, as well as pur?
est and sweetest for toilet and nur?
sery. The only preventive of pim?
ples, because the only preventive of
inflammation of the pores.
? SoM ihTi.nrhO'jt lh? wortil. Btitiih dfiwiti F. Nitr
ami Si.v% I, Kli.r-K.lword-H . I.on.li.n. rorien
Daun u CusinckL Cotr., boloTrop?., ?Joitoa.U.S. A.
Is the making of a pie. The
making of a crisp crust de?
pends largely upon the shorten?
ing. Use COTTOLENE, the
new vegetable shortening, in*
stead of lard, and sogginess will
be an unknown element in your
pastry. Cottolene should al?
ways be. economically used?
two-thirds as much Cotlolene as
you would ordinarily, use of
lard or butter, being ample
to produce the most desirable
results. The saving in a lyear
represents a considerable item.
^ , Jhere are many imitations of COT?
TOLENE ; you should therefore be carefuUo get the genuine.
Sold everywhere la Una, with tru<le-mark??"Cottolene " und fleer's head in collon-planl
lereat/i?ou overy tin. Mude ouly by
THE N. IC. fa1rbank COMPANY, ST. LOUIS und CIIICAUO...
Cr.o >g fe ^ce ??
jOv ?ieY>- v\v
ladles' toilet nnu .
for our customers?to.
Mfsitors. Every man, woman ...
scsidlnp, In or visiting Norfolk Is Inv..
to visit ihla slovv-U. Is the People's Hloru
nml to merit the people's npprovul Is the
aim of till here.
Qui.-ii servlte. courteous treatment, u
wonderf *inht !-loro, and, under nil
eircumt " "West Vvh-o \)oas\ij\o,
buyers may "
? -"111 thank > . ~ will
" the ne\>
i?^A0w ot t?ww ; <totc c?
FREE DISTRIBUTION at the GREAT HARD?
151 Maim Street.
EJT"'Watch this space every day."
Try WLy Dry Slab Wood T
THE BEST AND CHEAPEST WOOD IN THE CITY.
/-?=3^^-^$fc3'.00 PER CORD,
G. S. BRIGGS,
Yard East End Falkland and Charlotte Sts. Down Town Office No. 48
Commerce St. Phones 49* and 792.
Pabst Milwaukee Beer.
Wik. 58u?. BETTZ'8 ALE UNO PORTER w u eoubl.
jlinill'ST A WAI'.DS AT
A 1,1, KX POS1TMN3.
Tiiro Heer brewed l i-ilaf
Kottiot expressly rot Cmiiia*
vJ. EL. FULFORD, Sole Agent
Btr Special Delivery for Private families
Are promptly relieved by the use or COMPOUND SYRUP WHITE PINE AND
TAH. A remedy which combh.es In the highest degree efficiency und palalnbl
llty. Prepared by LA WHENCE .t- HOMaIES, DrtiKKlsU. W Mnln street, opposite
HI. James Motil. Phono 7X3. Goods delivered to nil parts of the city.
TATORT St Ftb>n I'stnbrolters, II9S Chareh ?treat (fnur doon
? O fi.Kj\-> U> J Ol, IJlVtJ? Iroin Cineon) am tho most lllier.d moiiey loilit
rra of Norfolk nn all Uln.1* of iicnoiinl property ?t u li.ir rate of ioterM*. Mai1
eiiiiiiniiiiit.nlons will promptly at leaded io,
for Saturday's mafKeiinij. and Every eay in me Week, ?et ine Best.
kj'l'o yoa want something nice id the way ji marketiuji to-day? A uioj
Smithfield Ham, Fine Beef or Fine Groceries I
If no, tee what wo havo. CuiU Ulks, uud we nell low. S. J. WHlTliUOltST, A ".out,
?. B. corner (Jhurch and Charlotte ?troei?.
H EIA D S OF FA SVII L. I EIS
Should romembor that tuuv cau ;;et at all Union tho liliar liElit', MUT1?.M, BAIOKBU
and PKlfBIl MEATS nt
J. JS. BEIvIv ?Ss 00.?*s>,
QUEEN STIIEIST IIAKKET, CUKNLTt GHUHOH AND QU BEN STHBIiTS,
mm hill brothers market, wholesale und Retail Butchers, eosi Mo:n M,
mevti^JSa Dealers In Beef, Mutton, Veal, Pork, Lambs, lJoinc-made Sausag?,
Wild Unmo and Poultry, Pith, Fruit and Vegetables. Branch store. .'!2G Cum?
berland sterct. Dealer In Choice Grocer', es, l.lnuors. Tobacco and Cigars. 'Phond
T. VINCENT' =t -
TURKISH AND RUSSIAN BATHS!
Cor. Church and Bute Streets. ff\
Open Daily, 8 A. M.-ia P. M. Sunday, 6 P. M.
Hours Reserved for Ladies, FRIDAY, 9 A. M..4 P. M
VAN TELBURG HOFMAN, Manager. ?