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PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY.
BY THE VIRGINIAN COMPANY.
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NEW YORK OFFICE?RALPH ATrT
KGB, Speetnt Representative, Room 47,
Tlmea Building, Now York City.
THE VIRGINIAN cannoTT>o held rc
?pcnslble for the return of rejected coin
munttatlons or manuscript.
WiET3XiEST>AY, DECEMBKH 29, 1SII7.
Dinglcy says silver will bo the Con?
gressional issue next year.
Thirteen Republicans are against j
Hanna in Ohio's Legislature.
The presure of ofllce-seekers at the I
Wbkte House is even greater than it]
was last spring.
?England emphasizes hev opposition ts|
Russian supremacy in Corea, it Is said,
?by sending a fleet of seventeen ves-1
eels to cruise in- that vicinity.
A California judge has decreed that a
wife can be compelled to support her |
husband. This Is giving tho new woman
more rights than she bargained for.
The annual naval expenditure of |
Great Britain as approximated by
?Parliament are $120,000,000, while thos
of the United States are about ?30,
Mayor-elect "Van Wyclc, of Greater
New York, announces it'll at no man can
hold office under his administration who
Is at the same .time engaged in private
The Chicago News says: "The Hon.
Mary E. Lease Will rema in In Kansas j
and run for Congress. With Mary In
the House Speaker Reed would
earn every dollar of Ivls salary.
The New York Journal says that Mr.
Hanna (has gone to Ohio '.o hang up
bis stocking In the vicinity of the Leg?
islature. Like many other pet eons, Mr.
Hamm will have to pay; dearly for his
According to tthe Plttsburg Tost the
?Indications are fairly good -for a trial
of strength between Mr. Crolter and Da?
vid B. Hill for the control of the Dem?
ocratic organization in New York. De?
fiances bcave been exchanged.
The Rev. Dr. Frederic Poole, of the
Ohlnose Mission, In Philadelphia, march?
ed ait the head of two thousand Chris
itlanlaad Chinamen In that cMy last
atonday evening, dressed ?n Chinese
garb .and wearing a false queue.
' The' Richmond Times thinks Hint
Governor O'Ferrall ' "doesn't want
muoh." He appointed fhe present Board
of Visitors to the Polytechnic Institute
and now on the eve of his retirement
sends in another Mat of appointments t >
serve during Tyler's administration.
The "antl-fllrtation" bill now before
the Virginia Legislature, simply pro?
vides for the protection of the girl wh >
finds herself sought after by young
men contrary to her wishes. In short,
Jt is Intended to smash the "masher,"
says the News and Courier.
A curious publication In Paris is the
"Heiress IMredtory," compiled by n
Journalist, which gives the nge.s *and ln
oomes of -marriageable girls of all,class
es, with such a description of their
appearance as would be likely to In?
terest men anxious to marry women
The Hartford (Conn.) Times reports
that the Grand Army men of Paw
tucket, R. I., "have passed resolutions
of oonsure" on President Andrews, of
(Bnown University, for the just and elo?
quent tribute which ho paid to General
1/ee In one of his recent lectures. Thcoo.
Pawtucket men should keep quiet.
Those who think thoit President Mc?
Kinley will yield to the pressure of
the spoilsmen of his party forget two
?facts, says tho^New York Times. One
Is the tremendous pressure he has al?
ready resisted*; the other Is that to
abandon or to seriously to weaken the
merit system now would be to give up
wholly all hopes. of a decent name
<6r his own administration.
A I. A It 511.1> AT TIIK KOUTHVS PROs
The a?ccossCul convpatition or the
Southern cotton mills with those of
the North and East continues to agi?
tato our friends In 'those sections, and
the Vhalladelphla Record, which un?
derstands tho situation, makes -the
allegation ithat the South Is already mo?
nopolizing the manufacture of the
coarser grades of cotton goods, and Is
yearly increasing Its output of betiter
fabrics. The claim has been ?nad? by
Eastern experts that high grade cotton
fabrics could not be made In the South,
owing to' unfavorable cllmatlo con?
ditions; nut experience does not bear
out -this view. Small and decreasing
margins of profit In all lines of Dili)
products will In the future tell won
ih rfuily In favor of well located plants.
|j w wages and taxes, cheap fuel and
raw materials are advantages hard to
contend against. In cotton manufac?
ture the South has all these. New
England will, however.douKless for a
long time to come maintain her su
j,n mncy in the malting of tho highest
grade goods, and may, under Avise tariff
provisions., hope to broaden lier mar?
kets. Hut the sooner the real situation
shall be rccognlxcd and admitted, the
be:!,!- it will be for Eastern mill own?
These mill owners will doubtless
recognize 'the force of our contempo?
rary's warning, but will it do any
good, is the question?
?AXUKIt TO TIIK OYSTIUl.
Now those terrible, but earnest men
of science, 'the baoterlol?glnts, say that,
there Is danger lurking in the oyster
taken from the upper Chesapeake bay,
1)' cause of the sewerage which emp?
ties In that water from the cKy of Bal?
timore, and our esteemed contempora?
ry, the Baltimore Herald, makes 'this
comment on the situation:
"It has been slated, for instance, on
scientific authority, chat the oyster is
an animal which inters Its food from
tile waters it Inhabits. In a sense It Is
n scavenger, and experts have ad?
vanced the opinion thai: the Chesapeake
?bivalve might soon become a bearer of
germ diseases ?ncouired from .the sewer?
age pouring into that body of water
In the roanncr proposed. Oystermen,
taking these fuels as a basis for ithelr
objections, are strenuously opposing
the dilution scheme of sewerage bund?
ling projected for this city. The one fact
that germs of ?typhoid have been known
to survive for several days In the gills
of the oyster is enough to condemn the
plan, so these men say. It Is further
urged that sewerage waiter kills ithe
bivalve after a time. For Instance,
oysters were once plentiful near the
mouth of the Patnpsco, but have to?
tally disappeared, for the alleged rea?
son that the Impurities carried down
by the river have destroyed them.
Butt, even If the bivalve should con?
tinue lo live in the Chesapeake after
?tho sewerage of Baltimore should bo
turned into the bay, the. impression
would go forth, according to ithe state?
ments made by oystermen, that "the
product of the cntcli Is unhealthy, and
the claim is made ithat this menace to
business would result In continual
damage to the Industry. These and
other reasons constitute the plea of
those having pecuniary Interest in the
oyster beds. That 11 is a strong one is
apparent, and it will lie necessary to
adduce n large amount, of evidence to
prove the hnrmlcssncss of the sys?
tem of sewerage proposed before these
objections can be set at rest. The
question is one of such large and far
reaching consequences that it will need
to be Considered very carefully before
the scheme Is adopted."
This is a serious matter and one in
Which large business Interests are In?
volved, and some remedy should be
afforded. If It be true, as asserted,
that the sewerage of Baltimore is like?
ly lo damage the oyster industry of
the Chesapeake bay, some other means
of disposing of ithe sewerage should be
adopted, ami the sooner the better.
OJSE WAY TO IX'OXOSIIZR,
In view of the fact that the deficit
in tho National Treasury i? alarmingly
'.arge, acid with no prospects of a de?
crease, the question comes up, winy not
econ imlzo In Governmental expendi?
tures? Why not begin with a cut
down of the pension lists? The New
York world, in Bpcuklng of this burthen
upon Hit. people, asks; "What ought
we to be paying?" and then it an?
swers Its own question. It says:
"We are paying 1141,000,000, a year
for pensions?$2 per capita, or about
??>b> per tax-payer.
"Wlv.it ought we to be paying?
"Alter the war the pension appro?
priation Increased steadily until It
reached in 1*71 $33,077.3S3. This was
undoubtedly the outside limit of
honesty and patriotic duty. Prom
isti Uhe pension (appropriation
Steadily declined as the old soldiers
died of wounds or disease contract?
ed in the war. until In 1S7S it had
fallen to $26,844,415.
"The rate of decline was about
$1,000,000 a year. Suppose It had
kept st. tidily on at only half that
rate. The pension appropriation
this year would be about $17,500,000!
"N it only WOtlid lie but sllOUld be?
"That sum would give a comfor?
table living to (-very honest and
needly old soldier who now has to
take his chances in a. shameful
scramble with a horde of sturdy
"What a scandal! What a fraud!"
Now the question is. why should the
award have been raised at all? If it
was $20,844,415 In 3s7N, thirteen years
after the war, why should it bo $141,
000,000 thirty-two years later? There
never was a greater injustice upon any
people than this pension business, und
somt of .these days there is going to he
a reckoning with those who have aided
in making tho fraud what It 1?.
? Cut It down to $17,*,00J10O. about what
It'should be, as explained by the World,
and there will be no deficiency in the
Tho New York Sun compiles the fol?
lowing statement showing the numcri
cal growth of the pension burden since
1SS3 . 303.G5S
1884. . 322,75?
1SS5 .4. 34G.1J3
1886 . :ir,r..7S3
1558 .w... ?452,657 |
1KSII . 489.725
3890 .fi:i7.?-i i
1891 . 076,160
1892 . 876,008
1S93 . 960,012
ISSt . 9G9.644
1835 . 970,524
1SC0 . 970,078
1S97 . . 970,014
If, for the coming year, the Govern?
ment pays Oiit $111,000,000 for pensions,
It Is a sum vastly greater than the
cost of maintaining the standing armies
of Europe, with the exception of that
of Russia, as will be seen from the fol?
Great Britain .$ 87.103.914
Germany . 110.187.020
Russia . 176,843,600
There Is no wonder that there is such
an outcry against the demands of the
pensioners of this country, and, it
should be kept up until the great wrong
NOTES AND OPINIONS.
The exact cost of an English Cabinet
Minister's tfull klrcss uniform is 120
The new organ In tho Church of St.
Ignatius, San Francisco, weighs more
than 100,000 pounds and has more than
The carlIest complete clock of which
an accurnte record exists was made In
the thirteenth century by a Saracen
France's wine crop this year amounts
In 712,000,000 gallons, a falling "If of
271,000,000 gallons as compared with last
Dr. Thansen says Niagara Falls Is the
most remarkable and Impressive thing
he has thus Par seen in this country.
Rev. Wllllnm C. Conn, the new minis?
ter of the Original Secession (Auld
Dicht) church of Klrrlemulv ("Thrums")
la an Irishman, and is too lull to be
called "the little minister."
The Vicar of Stmtford-on-Avon has
announced that the restoration of
Shakespeare's ohuroh will be begun In
January. Tho 01st Is .CG.211O, toward
which the sum of ;CSO0 has been pro?
a mjimi middy Nit 14.
The newest suits for the small .boy are
a delight ito him because they embody
so many good features and are withal
comfortable and Jaunty with nothing
cumbersome In their make-up. A good
illustration of a popular style of middy
suit Is shown In this figure and 'lite mode
is one of the common sense sort just
published In Tho Delineator. It Is made
of cheviot and trimmed with braid and
machine stitching. The middy vest Is
closed tvt the back and finished with a
standing collar and the Jacket is curved
Pattern Sfo. nun.
to the figure 'by side scams,.while the
fronts open all the way, revealing the
vest ?ttraatlvely. The fronts of the
jacket are reversed by the top by a
deep sailor collar that extends broadly
at the back. Laps cover the openings
the pockets. English suiting, serge,
cheviot, 'tweed ami flannel will be chos<
en for a suit of this kind.
Specially prepared for us by the Bill-1
lorlck Publishing Co. (Limited).
This i3 tho complaint ot ^
thousands at thi* season, tysa *JJJ)?L2
They have no appetite; food tE351&SjB3
does not relish. They need t be toning up of
tho stomach and digestive orj.ms, which
n course of Hood's Sarsaparille will give
them. It also purifies and enriches tho
blood, curej that distrcrs after eating and
Internal misery only n dyspeptic can
know, creates an appetite, overcomes that
tired feeling and builds up and sustains
the whole physical system. It so prompt?
ly and eQlciently relieves dyspeptic symp?
toms and cures nervoushenduches, that it
seems to have almost " a magic touch."
Is the best? In fact the One True Plno.l Pnrlflor.
u 11 t>?n ,m! th? host after-dlnnoi
riQOU S PlilS pill:., aid digestion. '2tC.
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