Newspaper Page Text
l TO 6
VOL. 1JV. NO. 90.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
UNWELCOME DEVELOPMENT j
OF THE MAINE AFFAIR
Complications May Arise Between Hie United States
and the State of Florida.
REGARDING THE PROPOSED ENFORCEMENT Of QiMIl LRWS
Would Cause Serious Interruption to the Free Movement of
Uncle Sam's Ships and Delay Prosecution of the Work
of Wreckers on the Maine Hull?Will Not
Tolerate the Inteference.
Washington, D. C, March 5, 1SDS.
There Is premise of a new and un?
welcome development of the Maine
affair that in the end may lead up to
an issue between the Government of
the United States and the State of
Florida, if the officials of the State en?
dorse the stand taken by the local offi?
cials at Key West. The latter have
notified Admiral Sicard that on the 1st
of next month they propose to enforce
tile State quarantine law against all
craft arriving fr.om Cuba, as a meas?
ure of prevention against the introduc?
tion, of yellow fever. The notice indi?
cates that the law will be applied to
the naval vessels, and- in view of the
serious Interruptions euch interfer?
ence with the free movements of his
j^hips would cause, Admiral Sicard has
reported the facts to the Navy De?
partment and awaits instructions. The
department ofliclals cannot tolerate
with equanimity tlie stoppage of such
craft as the Mangrove and the Fern,
on their errands of mercy, nor delays
that may result in the prosecution of
the, work of the wreckers engaged on
the Maine's hull and In the work of
the court of Inquiry. The President
himself probably will communicate
with the Governor of Florida with a
view to securing an obatement of Che
laws so far as it Is proposed to apply
it to naval vessels, this being the
speediest manner of dealing with the
case, although It may be slated that
the Xati'onal Government never has
recognized the right of any local au?
thority to stop its vessels in case their
movement were deemed necessary.
The warships have voluntarily sub?
mitted to quarantine When returning
from any port suspected of Infection,
lull, thto, it is asserted, to .be merely
a concession and not the recognition
of any lawful right of the part of the
State authorities. In view o-f the fact
that, the ofliccrs on our warships, with
the aid of capable surgeons on each
ship, make it their pride to keep their
craft in flu- most healthful condition,
naval ofllcers feel that they may be
safely left, to run I heir ships bet weep
Havana and Key West without restric?
tion. As an evidence of the care ex?
ercised :;o avoid carrying contagion
the officials point to the fact that
without suggestion from any of the
health authorities of Florida, Admiral
Stoard caused tlio wounded survivors
of t'he Maine disaster to bo detained for
several days at Tortugas before allow?
ing Hier? to go to Key West.
IVll.l. It;: FAULT OF QOVEItX91 ENT.
in llvciii ot ? Confiictf s<? Snj K Neeren
li?ry .11 milieu*, of tha Florida
Itonrtl <>i Ilenllli,
Jacksonville, Fla., March 6.?Secre?
tary (Matthews, of the State Board of
Health, says that If any conflict shall
arise between Florida and the Federal
authorities over the enforcement of
quarantine on 'April 1st, it will be due
to tne Federal authorities and not to
those of this State. The Florida Stale
law provides for the enforcement of
quarantine on May 1st. but as a matter
of exigency, the State Hoard ot Health
Is empowered to pass rules th.it shall
have the force of statute laws. At the
last nveetlng, which was held in Janu?
ary, upon the advice of Secretary of
the Treasury Gage, acting upon the sug?
gestion of Surseon-General Wyman, the
State Board of Health passed the April
1st rule, and has since instructed its
agents at various Florida ports to en?
force It. Surgeon-General Wynian made
. the suggestion under the opinion that
I danger from infection by yellow fever
i should be guarded against earlier this
year than laat. The Governor of Flor?
ida has no jurisdiction over the State
Board of Health further than to call it
together. This may be done if the cir?
cumstances warrant and will probably
be dort? if the President so requests, for
this State and its o?iclals luve always
displayed a liberal acquiscencc in Fed?
eral requests, especially in a matter of
MAS NOT HB.VR'D FROM THE
I Jacksonville. Fla.. March 5.?Gover
j nor Bloxhani, who was isecn at St. Aug
I ustlno to-night, said (hat he had hoard
I nothing from President McKinley or
j other W-ashlngton officials relative to
abrogating restrictions of State quar?
antine law, which goes into effect April
1st, so far as it applies to naval vessels.
He said that should he receive t^uch a
request he would at once confer with
j the State health authorities. He de
j clined to anticipate what action would
' bo taken, but there Is no possibility of
! conflict between the United States and
i Florida officials.
THE COURT OF INQUIRY
Arrive in Havana And at Once Got Down
ENSIGN PDWELLSON FIRST WITNESS
51 si i lies concerning the Worn o! r?iv
Or??dipt. SnuipMOii HolllKCN to I>i?
VIllKC tlio > a! me dl' till) 1 <? s I i m o n v
? Had no iiicn ilotT Long tUa
Court Will ISo In Session.
Havana, March 5, IS9S.
The Mangrave, wttlh Ifhe United States
?naval court of Inquiry on hoard, ar?
rived hwc before noon, and atvnce held
a session; Ensign Powellson was ex?
amined concerning the work of the di?
vers, over which he has supervision, and
his examination was continued a'P:>er
Oatptaln Sampson, the president of the
count, said he was sorry, but it was Im?
possible tn tell the correspondent any
part cif Ki-e testimony or the conclu?
sion reached. Further the captain said
ho had no Idea 'bow long the court
would remain her:-, adding that no or?
ders iiad been recclvul for the court
to go 'to Washington at the close of
i:s sessions here.
The court of Inquiry at the afternoon
session continued the examination of
Knsign Powellson, at the conclusion of
which <in adjournment wa? taken.
TH-REE'MORE BODIKS RECOVERED
Three bodies were recovered to-day
from 'the wreck of the Maine. One of
ithern was IdeivtHled as th.nt of Robert
"White, a -mess attendant, and another,
supposed tk> >\to tbait of an oiler, as the
clothing (was (saturated with oil.
The Almlrantc Oquondo and .the Viz
ca.ya, slstor ships, are 'moored a few
'hundred yards from each other, and
present a. fine appearance
Senator Proctor visHieti the hospitals
to-day a.nd' tills evening he will take a
boat Do Sagna de I,a Grande, returning
toy rail to lake the next (Wednesday)
atoaoner for Jiome?
N 0WSPA<P?E3l COlfcRESPOX DENTS
A lt RESTED.
Honore T.,aino, the correspond on t of 71
New York paper and an alleged French
subject, has been arrested and Impris?
oned in Cabanas fortress. A Cuban
newspaper man named Pardo was
taken Into custody at the same time.
Lalne was formerly Imprisoned upon a
charge of active complicity with the In?
surgents. It Is said that he will bo
released and sent north on the next
I,vit7,hugh Lrte, .Jr., son of the Consul
General, was among the passengers
w'ho arrived here to-day on board the
The smoke stacks of the Maine have
been, removed. The divers hope to re?
cover some more bodies to-day.
The great Iron railroad bridge near
Ilolguln, known as the Pahdq bridge,
has been partially destroyed by the In?
surgents, who used two dynamite
The Spanish divers wore down for
several hours to-day. They make daily
reports to Captain Peral, of the Span?
ish court of inquiry. _
The coast survey steamer Bache ar
rived this arternnon. She will take to
Key West the bodies of those recovered
from the wreck.
The boat on which Senator Proctor
had planned to go to Sagua la Grande
this evening did not leave, but Mr.
Proctor, accompanied by Miss Dar ton.
John K. Bhvcll and Dr. Kgan, will go
to Sagua early to-morrow by train.
/The executive committee of the au?
tonomist party will publish a mani?
festo in El Pals and the Dlario de.La
Marina to-morrow, setting forth the
intentions of the party in relation to
the coming elections.
M'COY WIIAi FIGHT ANYONE.
St. t/OUls, Mo., March 5.?Kid McCoy,
who return-Al from Hot Springs, Ark.,
in-day, said In an Iretervlow:
"I have $5,000 up which says I ?fand
ready itb> meet any man In the world.
' Thivo men, ?have aceepitod my doll?
.M?her, Choynskl and Kuhlin.
"1 have ?eli fit to --select rtuhlln as
th--flrs.it man, and my brother will meet
Hilly Madden at Cincinnati on next
Wednesday, March 0>th. and then and
there post $5.000 in cash to flghx bim.
The fight with Ruhllri will ilakc place
from six. to twelve W-dekfl from the
time i?f signing articles, and before the
'clubs offering the best purse for frt.
"While my brother is at Cincinnati
he will be ready to also make matches
i with Mali'f and Choynski."
id ft mm point
WAR DEPARTMENT 10 RESUME CONTROL
In Which Event Murine lIOHpUiil 01
flelnls win ilATO to FltOnc Anoin
or ?Imirnnlliio Station-It Will Ho
Given up With tJrcat Iteliictmico
by the <tuiii'anti:i? OIHcl'ifn.
Wellington, March 5, 1S0S.
The proposed transfer of Dry Tortu?
gas, which is now regarded as the most
important qimrantln'3 Motion off our
Southern coast, to tt<he War Department
would necessitate itlie immediate selec?
tion of another location for a station off
the coast of Florida. The quanan'.tinc
season against ports infected with yc-1
low fever and other infectious diseases
begins April 1st. so 'that if the "War Dc
iP-aiv.mien't dfcoidea |to resume -control
over Dry Tortugas and Fort JeffCTSon
which is locate-d there, no time will l>e
K>St by .the Marine- Hospital officials in
fiMlng out another citation. Already
some correspondence has been had with
orlioials of the service on the Florida
coast and several of the Florida Keys
have been 'sugges'.-cd as suitable places
to which Bho sta'llt.Mi might ibe transfer?
red. Among lUirem arc Fleming Key,
which Surgeon Murray at one Lime
considered superior to Dry Tortugas as
a location for a quarantine station. Mul?
let Key, wh- re the State of Florida now
maintains a Station, and Bahla Honda,
which is cast of Key West.
Owing tx> the admlnrble local ion of
Dry Tortugas, which is directly In
track of all vessels lxmnd to 'the
United States from the West Indies,
the nwMi coast t?f South America and
Central Anurleu, and the perfact char?
acter of the quarantine staitlon. it will
.bp given up with great regret by the
Marine HbspfetOl service, iC the War
Department insists upon taking posses?
The annual reports show that In 1S95,
fifty-one vessels were d.islnfeclted ait
the BtoHton, and In 1806 slxl-y-one ves?
sels. The figures for test year, when
?the number was much greater, arc not
Yellow fever tpaitleirts are ttfjlt 'treated
at TortuRas rftaLion, but nst-llird Key,
six miles away.
The same advantages claimed for Dry
Tortugas as a point for quarantine sta?
tion are claimed for it as a strategic
point for a base for i fleet operating
against Cuba. It was used during the
civil war as a base of operation.1* against
the Confederate States. A leport nude
by Surgeon Murray two years ago con?
tains some valuable Information re?
garding the location, the harbor and
the condition of old Fort Jefferson. The
group of keys, or islets, of which Gor?
don Key, upon which the station Is lo?
cated, is the center cover of an area Of
eleven square miles. Gordon Key con?
sists of ten acres. On It are the old fort,
Tort?g?? harbor light having a range
of thirteen miles and the quarantine
station. The anchorage to the north?
west of Gordon Key h is an usii.ble area
of one by one and a halt miles, with
from seven to eleven fit thorns of water
and excellent holding ground. Into this
anchorage are three channels, and Sur?
geon Murray Bays that with a little care
any vessel in the wo:Id now built or to
bo constructed can go -without a pilot.
Surgeon Murray's report would seem
to indicate that the fort is In a bad
state of repair.' The channel Into the
inner harbor goes entirely around the
norlheort, oast sand south sides of the
fort and Is narrow and tortuous, in
places it Is less than 300 fed wide. The
depth is four fathoms by selection* but
thetc Is a fifteen foot "bead" hear the
north entrance, which is a menace to
all vessels of that draft. The short
turns of the channel give trouble in
handling vessels more than Uf>0 feet In
length, and it is scarcely possible to
move a 300 foot vessel without touching
somewhere. The coal shed ait the wharf
only has a capacity of ir>0 tons. The
source of water is from rain only, but
Is abundant, if properly conserved, the
rainfall being aboul thirty Inches. It
Is retained In seven cisterns.
m it mi m 11 n
Statement of an Englishman Who Sold Them
to.the Spanish Officials,
GOULD POSITIVELY lilff-1 SMALLEST PARTICLE
The One Thai Caused the Wreck of the Maine, lie Claims, Was Designated as "No. 2" ami
Was Constructed of 500 Hundred Pptinds of Gun Cotton?Plans of the
Infernal Machine Ehibited in London?Is Witling to Testify
?Thoroughly Posted on Matters plcc
trictl and Sub-marine.
1 Lfondon, March ?, 1R9S.
According to the statement of a man whose card a describe him as being an
electrical engineer, 'whose name cannot be disclosed, but it 'has been forward?
ed 'to Washington; ho sold to Spanish officers in London, several years ogj
a large number of mines, eight or ten of which v/er ? placed in Havana harbor.
He says 'they were made in a special way -and had a specially and peculiarly
constructed cable which he contends he can positively identify 4< the smallest
piece is produced, Sume of the mines, ithe man continues, were fixed bd
they could be find from a fort, and two of them had bulbs, arranged that they
would explode up?n a vessel coming in contact with it hem. 'Hut the alleged
electrical engineer adds chat ho does net believe the bulbs would be used in
water os shallow as that of Havana harbor. He exhibited 'the plans of one
of those mines, .which, he pointed out, v-as the most likely to produce the ef?
fect described as causing the wreck of the Maine. lit woo numb red "2" and
was eonstruclfd >to contain f>00 pounds of gun cotton.
This Is the s;ory told by the man, who gives one the Impression that he
has been sergant o.f engineers, or has held some similar position. He was
apparently thoroughly posted upon electrical mailers and submarine mines.
The man who made'the foregoing statement is an Englishman, and says
he is willing to go .to the United Stat s as a witness.
Over Tiie Arrival of Another Cruiser in
DOCKS CROWDED WITH SIGHT-SEERS
Itecrtvoil it Hearty Welcome from ilio
Ferryboat* un<l ih;h on Wliirlt
Wore Civil mill Military Authori?
ties and III ire rent Koeltics?lte?
inroad ineNninia from tu? Fort.
Havana, March 5, 1S0S.
The Spanish first-class cruiser Al
rnlrante Oquendo arrived in Havana
harbor this morning from Spain. S?he
received a hearty welcome from the
ferry boats ami tugs, i>n board of which
were the civil and military authorities
and different societies, which had been
waiting for the warship's, arrival. The
docks wi re crowded with silght-seers,
rockets were sent up nhd flags and
other decornt! ns were displayed from
the vessels in port, the public buildings
and the palaces.
The Almlrantc Oquendo made a line
appearance as she returned the salute
from Fort Cabanas ami then saluted
the fort und Admiral.
Admiral Joaqutn Uisaga is in com?
mand of the Almlrante Oquendo.
No Change Made In Plans of Sending Re?
lief Vessels to Cuba,
MONTGOMERY AND NASHVILLE TO GO
Ollicrrw <>r Ilm Montgomery Snw for
'I'lK-IIINC'l vos Iii? ! xlciil of (llfl lies
million -< orroNpondentN Itcittm
l'ciinilcs?. Having Ut vcu all 'I heir
itcady < "sh i<> lim Mn(Torem?
Washington, March "., IS9S.
It is asserted positively at the State
Department ihait th re has been m>
change in the plans i.r the sending of
the Montgomery and the Nashville to
ICastern Cuba po'.'te with relief supplies
for the reconccntradcis. It hail been Biig
g stcd that the offer of a merchant
steamer from New York ito tak*- s >me
i r ih se goods ?t? Cuba would relieve
;he naval vessels from the performance
of ithis ?onerous task, but the de?
claration from thwStoitp Department en
sures the execution of the original pro
:,'i\unm and the ships named will sail
for Ma'.anzas and Sagua La Grande as
KD'.n as the goods arrive at Key West
from Xew York. Repbttts that have
come 'txj <ilic State Department from
THE SALE OF SHIPS TO '
SPAIN IS CONFIRMED
Chlliai! Government Succeeds in Selling.the Battleship
O'iliggins to the Spaniards.
II OFFERS Of IPS SUBMITTED 10 HEUT L
There Have Been no Negotiations or Options for Vessels by
This Government?Navy Department Keepi.ig Inform?
ed as to the Opportunities of Purchasing Should
Necessity for More Ships Arise.
Washington, D. a. March 5, isos.
Tlie continued reports that Spain Is
buying new ships led to counter re?
ports that the naval uulhoriti?s here
were considering similar purchases,
in no otllcial (liiarter at the Navy De?
partment could this be confirmed, as
sieps of this character necessarily
would be guarded with the greatest
secrecy. Tiiere Is little doubt, how?
ever, that the department is Informing
itself fully ns to the opportunities for
purchases should' the necessity for
more ships arise. Tims far there have
been no negotiations for ships and no
options asked on particular ships.
Quite a number of offers of ships ha"ve
been submitted to Secretary iJong by
ship-buMdihg concerns In this country
and abroad. These have been docketed
and lilt d. "out beyond an acknowledge?
ment of the offers no steps toward pur1
clmse have been taken.
Under ordinary circumstances the
N'avy Department would require au?
thority from Congress to purchase war?
ships. There Is no law which permits
a larger exercise of authority in times
of emergency than at other limes, it
is understood, however, that the naval
authorities feel that such emergency
measures ns might be required would
have the subsequent approval of Con?
gress. A precedent Is cited as to the
purchase of a naval Vessel In a time of
emergency without the assent of Con?
gress. While Secretary Chitnt'ler 'was
at the head or ,the Navy Department
Information reached here that the
Oreely Arctic expedition was In a
perilous condition and that relief wits
imperative wll'hotit a day's delay, and
It is now a matter of history that. If
the relief party had been twenty-four
hours later in reaching (ireely and his
men the loiter would have succumbed
from starvation. None of the naval
ships at the time were available. The
Bear wa? offered, for sale, however,
an<l Secretary Chandler closed the con
trnct for Its purchase, slating at the
I line that if Congress toiled to ratify
the purchase ami make the appropria?
tion necessary for the purchase price
ho would hold himself personally re?
sponsible lo the contractors. Th.; Hear
was successful In Us relief mission and
Congress promptly ratified Mr. Chand?
ler's course by appropriating for the
ship. It Is saiil that the some course
of procedure would be followed In case
of emergency at the present time.
I'llC Nlllps Which Spain Seen red 111
I i am e Are Two Heavy (.'onNt !???
London, March 5.?Further Inquiries
made on the subject confirm the re?
port cabled yesterday of the sale of
the two cruisers which the Armstrongs
have been building for Brazil to Spain.
The Inquiries further show that a rep?
resentative of the Chilian flovernment
has been negotiating with a represen?
tative of the SVpanlsh (Jovernment for
the sale of the battleship O'Hlgglns,
built by the Armstrongs for Cfilli, and
II Is believed that the deal is practi?
cally completed whereby this splendid
warship passes Into Spain's possession.
H Is known that the Chilian repre?
sentative made a definite offer lo Spain
recently; but the price was considered)
too hlfih and Spain mode it counter
offer. Jl is now understood that they
have come to terms.
The ships which Spain secured in
Franco are two heavily armored 'coast
defense vessels which Brazil ordered,
and which have been building at the
La Seyne works at Havre.
The statement made In Washington
that the Amazonas, one of the ves?
sels Spain has purchased from Brazil
has already left this country for Brasil,
Is Incorrect. She Is still at the Arm?
IIKPOUT CON I I KM i:i>.
those place* show terrible destitution
?xi-;s, probably nowhere exceeded on
the Island, and the officers of Ith ? Mont?
gomery saw Por uheuisclves on their re
<?. nt trip nit Matair/.as the extent of the
misery, it is said by some of the cor?
respond nits of >t.h v. ? officers lhat they
all returned penniless from their Cu?
ban cruise, bavins been so moved by
wha thy saw Ihail they gave away all
of their r> ady cash.
It was decided t'hls aft- Timon to aban?
don th - projected order no the flagship
Olympia t> return to San Francisco
from [long Kong. Without 'this line
ship the Asiatic squadron would be
made up of giinhOatts and unprotected
cruisers, without any great degree of
defensive and no offensive force against
armored ships. Th ? cruiser Unltimore,
now n.t Honolulu, has been selected 'to
take the powder, to 'be brought to that
posit by tlic Mohican, further along to
Hong Kong for'the vessels of'the Asia?
tic squadron. Whether or rotft the ship
will b * nittached to the squadron per?
manently has not yell been determined.
The torpedo hboit Winslow, which has
been under repair ait the Norfolk navy
yard, sailed to-day for Key West to Join
11A W A11A SJ A M X EX A T Is S.
Foreign Relations Committee iioiu n
I.eiiXiSiy Session und lllsctiss tin
.11 til i er.
'Washington, 15. C, March 6.?The
S irata Oonim'-ttee on Foreign Relations
held a 'two hours sitting ?lb-day in an
effort to d''cide ujV/n what course to
pursue with reference to the Hawaiian
annexation treaty. When the Senate
adjourned 'the iht'mbera refused to give
out any Information it? the press, say?
ing thait all present had pledged them?
selves to absolute, seer. cy. It was
learned tili rough ??her s ?ndii rs, new
eyj r. 'than Ithe committee had under
cc4tslder?Vtion the advisability of tak?
ing up the t,iic?ticji of annexation In
itvay of legislation raithcr than by
th ? means of mltlflying the treaty and
that khcy had decided not to abandon
the, treaty at b ast Immed'ialely, but to
press its consideration upon the Sen?
ate at the first opportunity.
The present hit'niton of tha commit?
tee to bold rite realty in executive ses?
sion Uirtil a test vote ran be secured,
o.hd it- Is still understood that the fJn
con am. ndmerut wlH be used for this
pure.ose. if th- result of this vote Indi?
cates thait a vote upon the treaty itself
would result in its defeat, .the friends of
an>h xatlon will then resort ttj the ox
pedl ? i of a. joint resolutloh, and will
ask the Senate to take lip the question
in this shap ? In open session, with the
view < securing the concurrence of the
H ats . Si e differences of opinion devel?
oped in 'the commltte* as to the wis?
dom of resuming the executive sessions
at all, but it was urged .that many of
the Sen alters would not assent to the
changed methods <>f proctodlng until
there should he at least a best vot*- on
the tr at; Itself and itihis vley la un
dcrstood 'to ihave preva-lled.
LONDON CABLE LETTER
Public Sentiment Will Compel Recognition
of Belligerent Right to Cubans
FRIENDLY ATTITUDE OF GREAT BRITAIN
i in' PrcNlilont'H Cnlihiioaa in ami 11?? K
flu *VOXO<I UllPttlioil I'ralsiil I.Vh
crywhere?The Pastoral Letter or
Cardinal CnscnJnrcM Huh Added
Another Danger to tho Idsl.
(Copyright, by Associated Tress.)
London, March 5, 1808.
Now that time and opportunity for
reflection have been allowed by a tem?
porary cessation of the patriotic and
bellicose statements which, since the
wreck of the Maine, have beeni the
chief feature of tho special cable dis?
patches from the United States, Eng?
lishmen are beginning ta realize the
depth of the pro-Cuban feeling In the
United States, with whioh the thought?
ful element here cordially sympathize,
although they still believe the Maine
Inquiry will absolve Spain from com?
plicity In the disaster. An impression,
almost amounting to conviction, pre?
vails that public opinion will compel
the Government of the United Stales
to acknowledge the Cubans as belliger?
ents and tii Intervene between Spain
and Cuba. The vary calmness and pa
fler.ee of the people of the United
States tends to confirm the convictions
here that Americans have become
aware that their Government Is prepar?
ing to satisfy the country's aspirations
when the auspicious moment arrives.
Every one In this country acknowl?
edges the dignity and self-possession
with which the Cabinet of President
McKinley have been handling this
most difficult affair, and this atti?
tude of the United States Government
has a great effect in Influencing opin?
ions on this side of the Atlantic.
Americans express themselves at
being much gmtllled at the friendly
attitude which the British Govern?
ment has evinced toward the United
States. By the advice of the British
Government ship-builders and dealers
in munitions of war here Insist practi?
cally upon cash payments In the case
of all orders booked by Spain. It
seems that the Spanish Embassy, when
bargaining with the shlp-bulldlng and
other firms, Indirectly suggested that
Great Britain sympathized with Spain.
This,-coming to the ears of the British
Government, the latter lost no time in
putting the firms which are In tho
' (Continued on Ninth Page.)