1HE PENNY PRESS
If FabUsbed daflr, (BuWi exMftad,) br
fvios-b'o. M wilt rogiiMfiiit,
TBI P1HBT FBISB Is delivered tc rubeoriber la
UlnoUaati, Oorington end tUwaort, ul aor
romdluR clUae aad towns, UUuu
tnnljk)Wfrloo( six onrn a wuk, fatablr to oabbub.
Bug I ooles to.; I month too.. 1 month fit 1 Fer $4,
' ooaaaa iizth aonM-mim.
ion A. Kliau, Jr.-Bq1 Leasee ul ltaaactr.
fourth slf tat of
MlM EllM iMgun,
Th greatest Aotrea of the present day, who, after
thlf engagement, bid farewell to th Cincinnati
THIS XTXHINO. Juurr U.Will be presented
tho oelbrated plev of
LOVE'S SACKIFIC?. -Mtrfrmt
Blmor....... ..... Mis Logan.
Matoew HnoiiUnaHBi..lwaJlr. Lancdon.
Hrmtnlo...... ....... .............Mi-. Kllsler.
To oonelad with i ' i
PO OA-HON-TAS: '
OB, THB GKNTIK MAIDEN.
Captain John Smith .,,Mr. Hll.
Lieutenant Brown. ,. ...Mr. Lord.
Uynber Belff w....Wr. Adams.
Pow-ba-tan ........ Mr. Bllaler.
II. B. H. Po-ea-bon-ta...Miis Fanny Denham.
r-' i i iii -ini Ml" Aurila Witt.
Wee-che-Ten-da...,.. .....-...Mi.s J nil Irving.
Kroi -as -can-be ...... ...... Ml m Gilbert.
r To-morrow tuning, Benefit of Mlu ELIZA
In conseQneno of the daily application for th
historical pUfof "ToutMlDt IOverture: Or, Tb
Inrarnotion of HaTtl," th manager will forthwith
make th neeeeeary effort for lta early and brilliant
production. . .
MTUoora open at X; Onrtaln rtoe at 1 o'olook.
Paioma or Admission Drew Olrole and Partraetts,
Moent Gallery, Sfloent.
8. V. Plka..
T. B. Conway
J. F. Herbert.
Second night of thoa celebrated favorites,
Mr. and Mrs. W. t. Florence.
THIS KTINIHO, Januarr..l, will be presented
th beautiful drama of . .r
THE KNIGHT OF ARVA.
Oonaor..-.....-. .w-.Hr. Florence.
Joae....,....., ..,........... Br. Lanagan.
Offcnhan.r..... ..... , Mr. Chaplin.
Prlnoen Marian...................... .Mlss Crook.r.
To oonolnde with th Protean drama called
Annie Spnie ...............Mrt. Flortnoe.
Max Htanley .Mr. Lanagan.
Hrt. Croat i'rauium............ Mr. Place.
Laura Howard.. ...................... MIm Helen Monroe.
IMr A Oraud Speotaoular Drama la in active prep
aration, with new scenery, dresses, effects, Ac , and
anataiaed by the entire strength of the oompauy.
Paicuor AonuiiOM. Parquetto Circle, 1'aruuotte
and Baloony, ouoent; Amphitheater, ,S6i cent i
Private Boxea for olght persons, t).
Door open at & o'clock ; commence at 7M.
.....Proprietor and Manager
vr . o. irwiuiMiiiHW.
Altebatior or Tmi.-Doori open H before 7;
Curtain rise at X past 7, precisely, i, '
... .. j f t ; J
Fourth night of the 1 .' !i ? I H
PANTOMIME. 1 ,u
Nightly hailed with enthusiastic cheer and deafen
ing ehont ol approbation, will be repeated THIS
flMNO, January 1. '
Commencing wiih the enlre new farce entiled
THE MARRIED BACHELOR.
Hlti A. flraham.
...Mia 0. Henri.
Grace . w....
10 wnomue wiin we gionoua ...
whteh the entire atrcngth of the Company will
appear In the Introduction; the Tramformition ea
bracing the following talented PantomimlsM:
B arlni uln ............... .......... Mr. M annel.
Oolumtilne..........,H.,..............tllie Jenny Hlglit.
PftDaloon............ ...,..ra...Mr. Barrett.
Clown....... Mr. 0. Henri,
WTf riday, Benefit of Mr. U. HIM Bl, the Olown.
NOTICE. Tradesman and other are cautioned
against furnishing any articlus tor the theater with
out a written Older, alined hi the Mauaxnr.
THK NiliW NATIONAL iiOTtb, adjoining the
Theater, 1 now open for the rvcepl ion of guesta.
Booms can be oltHtnnl by the day or oek, and
meals furnished at all hour
T U Y Uot'Ol'T AND JIH. V.
MLM RiMnA resnAeifiill Inform thn In
hahlunta of Cincinnati, that they will glvej
a uaa.au .
Vocal and Instrnmental
ON FRIDAY EVENING NBXT, JAN. 30.
The proprietor of the above ratablishment having
kindly volunteered the nse of their spacious hall for
the occasion. Ticket of admission M cent. To b
bad at toe principal Muilo btorea, and at tne Bpencer
MITH A . NIXON'S HALL.
TO ALL PARTS OP THB HALL.
POSITIVELY THE U$T WEEK.
ar THIS DAY, January 16, and SVBBT
MVEMNO during the week. Jal6
Door open at 7 o'clock. The Professor appear at
a x to a, precisely.
riANCING SCHOOL -h E C O Ji D
JLF HRS8I0N.-A88BMBLY KOOMS.-Mr.
and Miss GKTBB respectfully Inform the cit
iaons of incinnati that they now receive po
nll. for Inatrnctinn In all faahlonable Dancea
f)M. Af HAhnol. Hatnrdava and WmlneadaVB fur
Ladle. Misse and Muter, from 2 to f. M. OenM'
Class, from 8-toin In tbe evening. All Quadrille
laugni wtinoot calling. jaouw-
R. AND MRS. SUANKS'S
ItiaaV , , : " SECOND T IBM. n. ; Uiaa
National Hall. Tlno-atreet, a , e Frith.
The leaaona are " arranged that : ' Inner can
eommenReat any time. aetitt
. " -THE- "'
VACATION - POLKi !'
COMPOSED AND DEDICATED TO THE
puplla of the Western Female Seminary, -ford,
oblo, br Mis Mary I. Adams, and illustrated
with a line view of the Seminary Building, frlce.
SO cent. juan uhuuwi, jr., .,,. .
jalo No. M West Fourth-street.
' M ENTERS
Arr.nut tnr Pl.nn In P1K1F ROTTTRIC 1 With a
oeauiuni L,itnograpn 01 tna new iuwwdid snuuuiai
Jost published by JOHN (JHUBOU. J.,
I de3l M Weet Fourth street.
1U8ICAL IN8TEUMENTS CDEAEER
av jl tnas aven tJreat sacrifice of
rianos, tneKHMon. vioinnceitos
Vlollus, Guitars, Banjo String. Trim
minima Ac dwrkig the Holidays
fUlliiiff at IflODerMiife. Ih. th.n ,n
i other Houae lu thlacity, and drst.claas Instruments
i at that. Do not bur an Instrument until von have
called at No. 227 I lfth-atroet, second door at of
I'inna, aontn aiaev ubitiimu A BHU.,
' Piano Maker, and Dealer. In Flrst-clas , Instrn
ment. " ; deSltf
i a. n.-nnur.F
Street UaIlrod i:ar and oalbea Mnau.
,., ftetarera.' ,7n ' T"-
WE ARB BUILDING AND SHALL
"keep on hand a supply of HTBIBT BAIL
ROAD iiABSMd-Omnlbuas. which we will war
rant equal Id style, finish aud durability, and at a
low prices, a any made In the country.
. Olo--0orner of Third and Vlna-street. laW
tei CART0CN8 OF . CHILDREN'S
1W cartoon bf OMldreii larloy-heeled Boot;
impair of Women' Pegged Goat Boot, custom
JOHB CAHIM), i
t of am
VOL ,2. NO. 130
CINCINNATI, THURSDAY. MORNING, JANUARY 19, 1860.
PRICE ONE CENT.
Ltmi Majii. Night Xxpreas, 8:00 A. a.t Aocom
modatldh. f-iA . H.t n. lmnu. -aa. m.
iMDIAHirou AMD OIVOINNATI. 11:16 A. .: 6:40 r.
a.; 1:40 a. a.
Onto Aao Mnim.-8:J5 a. a.; 11:49 a. a.t 10:10
OlNOltmiTI, HAHtliTOI AMD DiTTOK. 7;4B A. .i 11KB
a. ., 1Z-.0. w. st.j am r, a.; s:w p. a.
HsBimA and CiioiniATi. U:lo a. a.; 0:02 p. a.
BioaaoMO aid IDiAjiaioLii.-U:oO a.) 6:66 r. a.
limi MiAai. Day Iiproes, l(r.n a. a.; Aooom
modatton, 4:40 r. a.i Night Bxpreea, 11:30 r. a.
InUNAPOLia AMD Cimcinsiati. fcao a. a.t 12:49 p.
Ohio and Miastssim. 7: W a. a.; 2:00 r. a.; 7:S0p.a.
viaousATs, habiltom amd VATTOM. e:uu a. a.; TJHI
. A. a.i 10:00 a, a. S:40.. 60. a; 11:30 r. a. ,
Mabimta amd t)mciAtfc-:40 a. a.; 1:40 r. a. .
Bioubord and IaniAjiAroMi.-:00 a. a.; 3:40 T. U.
Exf kUOSDIIAtT ' COMBPIR40T OF A Wl7l
AoAigBT Hi Hvbbamd. P. B. Butterfleld,
who 1 in the employ of the Btratow Stove
Company ag a watchman, owns AimaU amount
of property 1st Pooaaaet, Meat. - Hii wife,
Eliza J. Charob, and Emma K., wife of the
"phyiidan," wished to get P. P. B. out of the
way and turn the property into money for
their own ma. To effect this, the wife of P.
P. B. Hidden ly discovered that her husband
had been guilty of a revolting erime. It wet
Alleged that the 'object waa hit own child,
Lydia Ann, thirteen years old. The doctor
and the entered Into eorreapondenoe npon the
eubjeot. The girl waa persuadod by flattering
promise-, and coerced by threats, to awear to
the guilt of her father Bhe did in fast go
before a justice of the peaoe, and make affida
vit to the circumstances aa act forth, in the
warrants' for the arreat of Butterfleld. Churoh
went to tbe City Marshal and stated the case.
Be bad alse been .to the Attorney General of
Musaohnaette. and. obtained a requisition from
Governor Banks to convey bim into that state.
Tho. affair was to have been tested in the
Courjt of Magistrates on Saturday last. On
that oocaslon, filial affection overcame the
moat dazzling inducements, and Lydia Ann
said the affidavits were -false, and that the
whole story was a fabticatlon, and ber father
was innocent; that the parties bad told her she
could put her parent in prison tan years, and
then she would be twenty-three years of age
and her Own mlitreiS, and that this huge false
hood would add greatly to her wordly pros
perity. Matters having taken this turn, tbe
Marshal issued warrants fur the arrest of
Churoh and his female co-laborers, all of whom
were at onoe committed.
Tabti of tbi Passim Aoi. The Boston
Courier has the following sharp shot at the
lengthy Congressional reports:
We venture to say that if the publishers of
those newspapers whloh daily send forth two
colams of telographfc reports of the proceed
ings of the body called tbe Thirty-sixth Con
gress, were to give equal share to the proceed
ings of a five weeks' session of the gamblem
of America, there would be loud crieg of
"Stop my paper send me no more nf those
pesky reports." Yet, tbe good-natured Con
stituents of these men do not complain. In
deed, they seem to like tbe "debater." Some
of the New York papers, too, regard the "die
oussions" of each moment that they empl-y
speoial reporters to amplify them, Such ifttae
taste in 1860.
Adboit' AagtBT of a Fekncb Tailob. As,
arnueitijr story is told in tbe (Wt'sr dt Lyont,
A sberiiTa officer had to arrest a tailor. The
man of law saw his prey at work in his shop,
but some formalities are necessary before a
person oan be apprehended in his own bouse.
Tbe officer bad not time for these, and the
tailor had no Intention of issuing forth, so tbe
former bit upon the following expedient: He
retained a couple of youog oamin, and ar
ranged that one vf them should pretend to
take a pair of troutere off tbe hook over the
tailor's shop, and that tbe other should run
after him, crying "Stop thief 1" The ruse iuo
ceeded; the tailor thought be waa really rob
bed of hit unmentionables, whereas he found in
a very few minutes that he had only lost his
liberty. ,r .. .
Death of Robibt Bubnb's Sibvamt. Mary
Bun ten, who died at Stevens ton, Scotland, re
cently, waa eighty-three years of age, and
when a young woman waa a servant in the
house of Burns, the poet, at Mosaglel. The
last time ahe saw Burns waa previous to big
departure to Edinburg, and on leaving tbe
home he addressed ber thua: "That she would
either make a spoon or spile a horn." Whether
she has done the one or the other she alone
oan relate, bat she lived a comfortable life
with ber husband, who was a shoemaker, and
after his death she supported herself by white
seam sewing. She was a widow for upward
of fifty years.
NawBPAFia Bobrowino. Newspaper bor
rowers are the great bores that infest a neigh
borhood. A aubsoriber, if he flies his paper,
does not wish to have it dirtied and torn by
frequent handling, and at tbe same time, bates
to refuse lta Use if asked.'' He has only two
alternativesone ia never to loan on any oc
casion; and tho other is, to loan and rain hia
files. Newapapert coat so little now-a-days
that every family oan take one or more, and
it one u too penurious to ouy it, no one need
hesitate not to loan.
Biatjtifcl Difikitior of Hopb. Among
some of the South Sea Islanders the compound
word rot nope la Deautiruny expressive; it is
manaolana,or the rmt'mmino Ihovght faith float
ing and keeping its head aloft above water,when
all the wavea and billowa are going over one
a strikingly beautiful definition of hope,
worthy to be aet down along with the answer
which a deaf and dumb person wrote wltn Ms
pencil, in reply to the question, "What was
his idea for forgiveness?" "It is the odor
whioh flowera yield when trampled on."
Won All's DgTBBMiiuyoN. A Virginia lady
wrote to a gentleman in New York that the
bad resolved not to patronize northern pro
ductions henteforth, but to dress in home
made linsey woolsey. Two dayg after she
wrote to the same gentleman, inclosing a
sample of Bilk, and desiring a dress pattern of
the same aipd puronasea ana sent to her.
That's tbe way commercial non-interoourae
works. , . , ' '
Pakio at am Amphithbatsb. As M'lle
Loyal waa beginning ber great equestrian
act aiv the New - Orleans Amphitheater, the
other night, some infernally stupid customer
caught a glimpse oi one of the gas-lights be
hind the scenery, and supposing tbe soene od
fire, raised an alarm. In an instant tbe au-
dienoe rose, and a great portion rushed tumult,
uously for the doors. In the rush down stain
a number of men stumbled and bad awful falls.
A Nobis Pbihob, The Jerusalem corre
spondent of tbe Boston Traveller says that
I'rince Alfred, Queen Vietoria'a geoond son,
who it midshipman in the British Navy, while
in the port of JaUa, received a severe jftrasu
ins frem a brother middy, whom be bad int-
sulted; and it isrelated of bim, greatly to bis
credit, by his officers, that after nls defeat be
begged the victor's pardon .for having oomj
menoed the quarrel. : . . .
Laiob IIibd of Eur bafts. Dr. Living
ston, the African explorer, writee to the New
York Geographical Society, that hia party, in
aaeendina a branch of tho Shire River, oauie
upon herds of elephants which appeared at far
as the eye Could reach. ' It was estimated
that eight buude.d' f ithase. noble alnajs
wsrv mu lavas vsmm.
The Two Breckinridges-First Epistle
of Robert to John.
Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, of Breadal-
bana, Ky., took occasion on the Eighth of
January, or on Monday the 5inth, to address
a letter on the State of the Union to his dearly
beloved ,nephew, John, sow vtoe-President of
the Government of thirty-three States and
sundry Territories, and 'by virtue of bit offioe
President of the Senate, aad by the Kentuoky
General Assembly,' reoently elected a member
of the Senate of the United States, of whloh
he it now a presiding officer merely.
, The letter alluded to was published by the
The readiness of the youthful Jftvto as
lent to the possibility of a dissoluo? of tbe
Amerloan Union, for any light or transient
cause now operating, is gently rebuked indl
reotly ia this masterly review of the Kentucky
veteran. -. i :?
KENTUCKY IS LOYAL.
'He declares for Kentuoky that she never
had a' disloyal thought toward that Union
or toward any sister State: ahe never for one'
instant aesirea to enlarge nor rignte under tne
Federal Constitution or to exeroise any of
those rights offensively or to deny to others
their equal rights under that Constitution. He
oan't comprehend how it can be the interest of
any State to secede from the Union or how'
the right to aeoede can be considered any thing
else but purely revolutionary she sees noth
ing In the past oondnct of the Federal Govern
ment to justify secession, if it were a constU
tutional remedy; nothing in the aspect of the
times promising anything but disaster to the
country, to every seceding 6 fate, and most
especially to herself, from the application of
any such remedy, whether by 'war, by revolu
tion, by tho formation of new confederacies, or
or by the secession of individual States. At
far as she can understand, It Is mainly the un
ruly passions of unreasonable men, and th
violent assertion of dubious, or, to say tht
least, extreme rights and the madness of po-J
litioal parties in their struggle for nower. that
has brought the eountry to ita present peril
ous condition, xne true remedy lor such dis
orders is not the breaking up of the govern
ment, but the due enforoement of tbe laws;
and posterity will execrate to tho end of time
whatever government shall allow the lawless
eonduot of any portion of the people, to rin
into secession, or to drive others Into it.
THE HARPER'S FERRY CRIME WILL PROVE A
The inevitable effect of the recent events at
Harper's Ferry, taken altogether, must be to
give a degree of security to the whole slave
frontier within the Union, which no part of it
oan ever have oat of tbe Union; and the hand
ful of white moo and negroes whore follies
and orimes were consummated there, would
probably be the last, as they were the first, t
try tui:h au attempt. The whole oase ought
to be, to every r-fleotirg man, a donmnstra
lion of the inestimable value of the Union,
both as it seta bounds to the passions of men,
and as it enables us to punish erime by due
curs of law, inBtead of by private or publlu
war. ' .
' KBSTOCkf" AS TO SLA VBBT.
Kentucky, through ehoice, is a slave State,
but no ootsiderable portion of her people have
held extrame views in favor of it. Most have
tolerated it ra her than preferred, looking to
the good time of its emancipation. Kentucky,
though a border slave State, experiencing
greater losaes thereby than any other State,
sees no reason for the ruia of tbe oountry.
RESPECT OPINIONS OF THE BORDER SLAVE
As Maryland, Virginia, Kentuoky and Mis
souri are the border slave States, the eotton
slave States, lees exposed, should not pursue a
course of action disapproved by these four
border 8tates; and they are bound to secure
themselves a position compatible with their
honor, their freedom and their safety.
THE BORDER FREE STATS SHOULD BE CONSERVATIVE.
He appeals to the six border free States
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois and Iowa a to the free States babind
them, to deoide the national aspect of the sub
ject of slavery, on the free side of the line,
just as it rests with the border Have States on
WHAT IS THE PRECISE NATURE OF THE DIFFICULTY
Even the glorification of the dead felons of
Harpers t erry, If no avert act Is committed,
is not suoh a danger tbat requires an over
throw of this Federal Government Those
great questions of the rendition of fugitive
slaves by the North, and of tbe foreign slave
trade at the South, are finally settled so far aa
the Constitution and laws of Congress oan
settle them, and it remains for tbe legal tribu
nals and the Executive authority to enforce
the laws in both respects. That during periods
of nnusual excitement those laws, touohing
both mhjecte, may be Imperfectly adminis
tered, is extremely probable; but that the
North will .openly defy the power of tbe nation
and permanently refnee-ro exeoute the fugitive
slave law, and that the South will aot in a
similar manner with respect to tbe foreign
slave trade, is what soman is justified In As
serting. . -
WHERE IS SAFETY—IN OR OUT OF THE UNION?
Grant the worst Is true, as alleged, of the
nltraism nd fanatiotsm or tne party or the
North, the wise, manly and honorable alter
native wonld not be the dissolution of the
Union, but the recovery of tbe eountry, by
force if necessary, from those who shall have
aubverted its Conatitutlon. Nor can there be
any doubt, tbat the united South, and tbe
minority of the North, will be always, and to
every intent, withont arms or with arms, more
powerful in the Union than the united much
less the divided South ever can be out of it.
Nor does it appear to me to be loyal to the
neonle of the North who are faithful to the
Constitution even if they were the smaller
number for the South to wltbdraw and leave
them subject to a domination aa Intolerable to
them as it oould do onensive to us. 1
LET ROUTE BE FAIR AND THE NORTH WILL
' ' If the whole North conld act in eonoert per
raanentlv they must have tbe permanent con
trol of the Federal Governmentf.and tbe wide
conviction of the North, that tbe wbole policy
of tho General Government has been for tome
years dictated by the slave States, and tbe
wbole policy ot tne sieve states aiotatea oy
the cotton States, bat come very near to cast
in the majority of every Northern State tem
porarily into the Republiean ranks. It wonld
be an abase of tbe Federal power, not leas
atrocious certainly, to extend than to ourtail
slavery by the systematic use of it; and the
North has believed that this waa done and the
rise and extension of tbe Republican party ia
the fruit of this conviction. Disabuse tbe
North of this delusion do it fairly, truly
and the Republican party will shrink at once
to the oumparativoly Insignificant faction of
radical Abolitionists, upon wnoin it was orig
inally bared. On the other band, the united
South naver oonld fail to carry with it in all
its just demand, aod in all It temperate
utteranoas. a sufficient number of the States of
Jih North, to maka tbe rights and interests of
tbeplAve S'aies perfectly secure la tbe UMon.
This is all the oootiol any minority can justly
claim, under a frte constitution; and this is
.never lost under such a constitution, txoept by
A REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRATION TOLERABLE.
With a true desire to perpetuate the Union
no one is warranted in saying tbat the Repub
lican party cannot be prevented from coming
into power or that even if it should oome into
power, the nation would not be both competent
and resolved to keep it in proper bounds, or
arm and suppreaa it.
THE TERRITORIAL QUESTION.
The entire North in two divisions tbe Re
publicans, and the unfriendly legislation
Demoorats are arrayed against both the
faot and tbe right of what the greater part of
the Booth assert! is th law of the land under
tbe decision of the Supreme Court.
CALAMITOUS RESULTS OF THE POLITICAL INTERFERENCE
OF THE SUPREME COURT.
The dispute whether the National Terri
tories are slave Territories under the Consti
tution is a most calamitous result of attempt
ing to turn over question pre-eminently politi
cal to tribunals, wholly judicial as if poblio
men were warranted in supposing that great
nations in the highest state of political excite
ment believed any more in the Infallibility of
Judges, than they did in the infallibility of
Senators, Kiogt, or Popes. Even if the deci
sion of tbe Supreme Court had beau ao elear
that no man oould doubt what was deoided,
and ao cogent that no man could fainsav its
justioe as between the parties to the particular
cause men nearo; it wouia nave been a mira
cle if the decision had settled any politioal
question.' Its main effeot was obliged to be
let the decision be what it might to exas
perate all parties, and to render any peaoeful
adjustment of any aspect of tho slave question,
far more difficult than before. In truth, the
Constitutional right whioh the South supposes
she has secured, can be of no praotioal value,
even if it were universally conceded. For if
she remains in the Union, she can not oarry
on the foreign slave trade; and unless she oan
do that she oan not profitably send slaves
onough into any Territory we possess nor
masteis enough with those the may sen), to
prevent their emancipation as soon as the
territory becomes a State. The experiment
in Kansas la surely deoisive. If, on the other
hand, any portion of the South will doom it a
sufficient reason to eecode, that mora slaves
may be imported from Africa, and new slave
Territories formed; either, half the slave States
will not secede for that reason, or, if all seoede
and a confederacy of all the slave States is
formed, that oonfederaoy can not be expeoted
to allow the African slave trado to be re
THE PEOPLE WILL DECIDE—NOT THE COURTS.
No doubt, of late years, the tendency of
opinion has been to attribute far more sacred
ness to judicial interpretations than tbe
founders of the Republio allowed ; and, there
fore, we witness suoh fierce debates as to the
true sense of the Dred Soott decision. ' With
all possible veneration for- tbe Federal Consti
tution, we are not to forget that it waa made
fr u, not we for it; aod, with all loyalty
both toward the national und our State Gov
ernments, let us remember that I t highest of
nil loyalty ia to society ittelf, whish is above
every form it can possibly put on. Under all
f irms i'f society, the all-pervading questions
are politioal questions; questions whioh never
can be permanently settled in free govern
ment; except through representative bodios.
nod then in aooordane with th pualio on-
aotence. xne question oi slavery, as it relates
to the nation, fails under these general con
siderations in a remarkable manner.
EXTREMISM OF PARTY.
So long a parties on the one side or other,
seek by every means to assert extreme olaims
in others, nothing regains but to fight the
question out in each' territory, or, what ie
itorse, to fight 1c out over tbe ruins of the Re
public, or, what ia worst of all, break up the
THE REPEAL OF THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
GREAT POLITICAL ERROR.
As a Southern man, I deplored, and still
depltre, the repeal of tbe Missouri Compro
mise, as a great "political error, pre-emioeatly
itjurioD8 to the South. As an American oiti
ten I deplire the fearfully undue importance
whioh the control by Congress over slavery
in the Territories has been made . to assume
in our sationil polities.
THE CONSERVATIVE MIDDLE MEN.
There is no hopelessness in the present as
pect of affairs. Conservative voters will ad
just the difficulty.
The enormous mass of voters who aoted
with one or other of those parties and the
greater part of whom are now aoting with the
Republican or Democratic party are far
from being committed so permanently to either
that it can be predioted with certainty what
course they will take if matters come to the
worst. Moreover there are very few States
in the Union, in whioh there is suoh uuity of
ontiment, as to insure even a deoided and
constant majority upon either aide of the most
important politioal questions; and nothing is
more oommon in many of the States than sud
den and great revolutions in opinion. After
all, the heart of the nation may be sound, and
it only needs to be oonvineed of its peril, that
it may, by one mighty outburst oi patriotio
enthusiasm, orush every party that has trfled
with its oonvlotions and overwhelm every
public man that hat betrayed it.
THE SOUTH SHOULD PAUSE.
The sagacious men of the South should not
be deceived by party olamor.
Even with tbe perfect certainty that every
slave State will resist with arms any interfer
ence with its security as connected with its
slaves; there are topics connected with the
time and manner oi that roslstanoe wbieh
might easily terminate very fatally, and topios
connected with slavery itself (the slave trade
for example) on which the most determined
difference ot opinion nas manifested itself.
NO SERIOUS VIOLATION YET OF RIGHTS NORTH OR
Neither partiet have yet proceeded to ex
tremities, and mere apprehensions will not
justify any irregular, much less any extreme
proceedings further than may be necessary
and euootunl to prevent that impending vio
WE ARE ONE FAMILY—ONE NATION.
Let each party aot with mutual justice.
good faith, and forbearance. It is true that
the otatea are sovereign Slates. Bat it n
equally true that the nation it a nation the
Amerioan people a people. Great nations can
not suddenly disappear like a cloud of insects;
nor do powerful nationaltiee fade in a day,
like tbe flower of tbe grass. It took the
Roman Empire a thousand yean to die; and
the Hebrew nationality has survived through
all the potsiblt fortune of four thousand years.
To rend a nation in twain is a far more ter
rible prooedure than for a nation to recover
Itself by an internal struggle. Nothing can
be more certain, than that slavery cannot be
perpetuated on this continent by means of the
rinding of this nation. With a single na
tionality like ours, internal struggles, no mat
tor how often they may oocur, can never bo
greatly protracted, and oan never fatally ar
rest the progress of sooiety. . . iw.-
SHED NOT THY BROTHER'S BLOOD.
It Is horrible to reflect tbat tho children of
the Revolution might bo obliged to shed eaoh
other's blood. H-tw tnuoh more horrible to
shed It iu. such a manner that oceans of it
oould nevot restore what we destroyed, whil
every drop of It would be an eternal testimony
agaiuilj our fplijl ' " ' -
FIDELITY TO OUR BELOVED COUNTRY.
The elotiiig ttnlenoee of this "Olive BranoV
correspondence will meet with an animated
response from the bound log hearts of brave
Kentucky men and women, and patriots all
aver our beloved country:
For my part I am not ashamed to confess
the depth of my love for mv whole oountrv.
and the mingled sorrow and indignation with
wuica a witness every attempt to weaken
among the people the sense of what we owe to
the m other of us all. No people ever did any
thing glorious who did not believe in God,
tho were not faithful to oaths, and who did
uot love their country. When I reflect on
bat God has already done for ua,
ind already done . by ua for his glory
ind for the advancement of the human race;
.rhen I consider what our position and our in
fluence among the nationa of the earth must be
whoa we become a hundred milliohs; when I
try to appreciate the necessity of just suoh a
power on earth, and the majesty of its benefi-
oent and irresistable exercise, my very heart
moos wun overpowering joy and exultation
that such a destiny is reserved Jos my people,
that suoh a refuge and inheritance is kept in
store for man. a , . r
I thank God continually that tbe dust of
uiy ancestors mingles with this toll; that the
banda of my kindred have labored on these
sublime monuments; that the valor of my
friends was part of the cost by which all has
been secured; and that the lot of the inheri
tance of my posterity appertains to suoh a
land and suoh a people. As for the South,
taken in its widest sense, God has oast my lot
chore, and I have been loyal to her; all the
more loyal that I have been neither blind to
her errors, nor ignorant of her peril. As for
Kentucky, if I have left undone anvthinir I
oould have done for her honor, her interest, or
uer giory, ana Knows now joy lolly l would
redeem that laok of service.
But still I love my eountry; still I am an
Amerioan citizen. And I deny, with uplifted
hands, the right of any Court, any President,
ny Congress, any State, any combination of
States under heaven to abolish from among
men tbat highest of all human titles. I have
worn it as a orown all my days on earth; and
I implore you by our oommon blood and com
mon name, by tbe love bo many noble hearts
boar for you, and all the hopes tbey cherish
concerning you, so to quit you In this day of
trial and rebuke, tbat you ahall bear that title
proudly, long Jafter my gray hairs are under
the green sod.
Pxs-PiOTURti of Liiqh Hust. The London
correspondent of the New York Spirit of tht
.Timet gives the following sketch of the per
sonal appearance of the late author:
Leigh Hunt was tall rather than otherwise
five feet ten inohes and a half when measured
ior the St. James' volunteers: though, in
o (trillion with men whose length ia In the
oody rather than in the legs, his bight dimin-i-thed
as he advanced in life, lie was remark
ably straight and upright in his carriage, with
a short, firm step, and acheerful, almost dash-
.ig approach, etniling, breathing aud making
as voice heard in little iuartioulate eluoula-
tionsashe mot a friend, in an irrepressible
utisfaction At tbe encounter, that not unl're-
qoKntly conveyed high gratification to the ar-
iver who was thus greeted. Ha had straight
biuok hr.lr, which be worn uarted in the center:
a durk but not pale complexion;, features oom-
tiounoua oeiween iengtn,and a certain irregu
larity of outline, charaoteristio of tbe Ameri
can mould; black eyebrows, firmly marking
the edge of a brow over which waa a singu
larly upright, flat, white forehead, and under
which beamed a pair of eyei dark, brilliant,
refloating, gay and kind, with a certain look
ol observe:,! bumor tbat suggested an Idea of
what is called slyness when it is applied to
omldreu or girls; for he had not the aopect
given to him iu one of his portraits, of which
he said tbat "tho fellow looked as if he bad
sioleo a tankard." He had a head massive
and tall, and larger than most men's. Byron,
Shelly and Keati, wore bats whioh he could
not put on; but it was not out of proportion to
tne ngure, us outline being peculiarly smooth
and devoid of "bumps." His upper lip was
long, his mouth large and bard in the flesh;
his chin retreating and gentle like a woman's.
His sloping shoulders, not very wide, almost
concealed the ample proportions of his ohest;
though that was of a oompass whioh not every
ptir of arms oould span. Nature had gifted
him with an Intense dramatic perception, an
exquisite ear for music, and a voloe of extra
ordinary compass, power, flexibility and
beauty. It extended from 0 below the line to
tbe F sharp above.
The Minmbhaha Falls is Wistbb. The
Minnehaha Falls, in Minnesota, are described
by the St. Paul JYtnei as presenting a very
beautiful sight, especially in winter:
The creek whioh forms the fall cannot be
scon until you are close upon its brink; then
the most beautiful sight that "fariea e'er con-
ouived or naiads dreamed," is before your)
admiring eyes. Tbe brook eomes leaping
aad danoing along, seemingly unconscious of
the fall directly in its path, and over it leaps
in a laughing, careless, fleecy mass ; then on
again, to miDgle with the "Father of Waters"
half a mile below. Tbe ledge of rock, over
which the water falls, forms underneath quite
a oavern, bo that in summer you may pass into
it behind the fall. The sides of the ravine
below the fall are steep, and are bow entirely
sheeted with loe from the spray of the water
fall. By dintof sliding, creeping and rolling,
the bottom is reached, where you behold a
"Crystal Palase" more rare aad unique than
human mind ever devised. The ice has
formed behind tbe fall in stupendous col
umns and slender stalactites reaching from
top to bottom, ahuttlng from view the passage
behind the fall, exoept in one small place,
through which you may manage to squeexe in,
and then tbe eye falls npon a most beautiful
grotto. Words fail to describe its icy, frosty,
purity and fantastic splendor. Thr hang
from the solid rock far above yonr head,
those crystal pearly columns; large and regu
lar, reaohing to tbe bottom of the fall, and
interwoven with icicles or an sues ana snapes.
Never did nature in ber wildest features pro
duoe aught so exquisitely ' as Minnehaha in
muter. . '
Small-Pox aud its Prevbrtivb. The Bos
ton Journal condenses the following facts from
various authorities, directing th attention of
the public to the necessity for general vaoel
nation: "' ' '"' ' ' ' '
L., Infants should be vaccinated without fail,
between the sixth week and tbe fourth month
of their age. ,,,
2. Every one should be re-vaccinated, par
ticularly those between fifteen and thirty-five
years of age, who were nrst vacolnated in
ohildhood. This is especially desirable during-epidemics;
and the . rule holds good even
wnen tne disease may nave Deeu taken.
. 3. In general, without regard to speoial
seasons of danger, vaccination should be prac
ticed at least onoe In fourteen years, and bet
tor atiu, ones in seven or eight years.
4. The prejudice against taking other die
eases with the vaccine matter Is almost en
titely destitute of foundation, where care it
taken bv Dbvsioians to take their matter from
healthy patients, Nor doe the condition of
the person from wnom tne matter is taaen
. . . . v . . : ... - . t
materially auuub iw iuvtohh
' '"I I' . ', I . t (jT .
Mosumkht to Ges. Gkienr. Iu the Rhode
Ijtitud Legislature, recently, resolutions wore
auhmitted in- relation to the erection of a
bronte.i statue of Major General Nathaniel
aVyeweaod appioprwang $,ugu tuewfor,
BATES .OF AD VEBTlfitnCF
' - i ' t rl
, , TERMS-CASH.
AdvartiMBunt not exceeding Sve line (Agate) rl
iln Insertion. '25 1 one wek.......$ 1 00
I'wo wee. 1 50 0 nm ,,, ,., a do
Uraar advertisement inserted at the following rat . 7
fur square ot too lines or lew:
Ins fnaertion..JI 00 1 Two weks. s3 (HI '
ilach additional... wA 1 hrea weaoa. A
n -a- ,, 1 J 5 Om. mouth.,..,, g sjo)
In all Ita branchr done Itli upatnaa and durpatoh .
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH
NOON DISPATCHES. Washington News.
Ntw Yorr, January 18. Tbe Washington
correspondent of tbe Utratd says:
Mr. Amy was to-day again before the Har
per' Ferry Committee of tbe Senate. Tbey
refused to allow him to go to Kansas for bis
books and papers. Hit testimony was taken,
but although he accounted for large sums of
tnoney and a great quantity of arms collected ,
iu 186S-7 to be employed in Kansas, nothing
was elioited concerning Brown't raid into Vir
ginia. He testified that when Brown first
visited Kansas be was a Quaker and remained
so until Atchison developed his plans, and his
own sous murdered, and his property destroyed
by pro slavery men, when he changed bis
principles, became enraged, if not maddened,
and in revenge pursued the pro-slavery men
with the sword. ,
Ssventy of the principal mail contractors in
the oountry had an interview to-day with the'
Preaident, for the purpose of making known
.ho grievanoM in person. The President re -0'iivtd
them very cordially, telling them he
tympathited with thtm In their distress, ask
'0g them what suggestions they had to make,
Ilia own suggestions for their relief had refer
ence only to tbe election of a Speaker. lie
kid that in bit opinion it would be constitu
tional to elect a temporary Speaker. :
The Timu't correspondent says: "It has
leaked out here that Miramon's banker, for
'he purpose of raising funds, has established
lottery agenoy in New York, with directions
o deposit unsold tiokets with the Mexican
Consul. That effioer, It is understood, after
o msultation with the Legation here, declines
to be the depository of these tickets."
Bostor, January 18. The birth-day of
franklin was commemorated at Muaie Hall
Ustevoning by the Franklin Typographical
Society, before whom Hon. Edward Everett
delivered an oration on the early life of that
iistlogulshed printer, prefaoing hia remarks
with a most beautiful and feeling allusion to -the
oatastrophe at Lawrence, and also appro
priately eulogising the talents and writing of ' '
the late eminent historian, Lord Maoaulay.
The Hall was packed.
Business of the Overland Mail.
St. Louis, January 17. Poatmastor Hogan
states the number ot lottera sent from this offio i
r-y (he Overland Mail for tbe quarter ending
lieoomber 81, exclusive of upward of two butw
iircd pounds of foreign closed mail, severe!
'irect baga from Chicago and Ciocinoatl, 00,
V 1 7. The number reoetved in the same time,
o (elusive of about 1,600 other offioea, estimated
' contain 10,000 letters, 111,671.
Falling of a Building.
Richmond, Va., January 18. The walls of ,.
it W.ldiig on Governor-street fell last night.
, i Ii'ieh girl was buried alive; ber moans wore
Girery effort is being made to save her.
VI. U. Mosainger, Commissioner from South
C inilioa, will address the Legislature at noon
Fire and Loss of Life.
Cleveland, January 18, A fire occurred in
ilie carpenter-shop of the M. S. R. R.,at La-i'.-rle,
this morning. Mr. Oooant, an employs,
t;is burnt to deatn, ana Mr. reot, also an
.unlove, was badly injured. The building w ia
New Ycbe, January 18. The steamship
A rabia sailed to-day for Liverpool with forty
:i-tsongers and about $183,000 In speole. She
t i 'k New Orleans mails to the 11th Inst,, In
clusive, and telegraphs of the 17tb.
Free Negro Bill Vetoed.
St. Louis. January 18. Gov. Stewart has
rt fused to sign the bill passed by the Missouri
legislature for the exoluslon of fre negroes
it, m the State.
From New York.
Xew York, January 18. Counterfeit S'a on
tho Oneida County Bank, of Vtioa, were in
oiteulatlon here yesterday.
Mostrsal. January 18. Mills, Cowan A
Ot'jsf, wholesalegrooers in this oity, havesus-
Latest Quotatioss from the Matrimonial
M arket. The last number of Pantry Viirhas
l.n clever satire npon matrimony as it is:
"Thero is a more lively demand for Cubans .
i mo ntr the holders of Fancy Belles, and as tha
supply is limited we fear that many who have
rt dried to otose, in expectation oi a rise, win
no uougea to carry weir swo. wo ioug.
"Mrs. B has three young and beautiful
in'.j-es who will be out shortly. They hare
i .eon bred especially with a view to the En
Uih market, and will, undoubtedly, oom
Aiud a high figure. ' They will not be pat in
v ow, however, until alter the advent oi a
"irgo of English noblemen, who art expected
o Arrive here in search of domestic Amerioan
"The Washington market will open imme
licely after tbe election of a Speaker. Sev
eral holders of fanoy bred Blondes are going
on, we learn, with a view to opening negotia
tions with members or the diplomatic corps,
hould any of that body prove available."
' English Elder Sons are buoyant."
"'There is quite a fair demand for Southera
"Spanish Dons vary with their ages; the
ol lest pay beat, and are consequently muob
i ught after."
"the Count de Bonne arrived in tbe city
(iitterday. Hi appearance in the Wife Ex
change last evening created muob excitement.
!Ve learn that he has already offered for
H lanohe, thr daughter of Vice Soroo, Esq . , but
'ie did not reach tbe high figure at which she
' i hold. It is thought, however, that she will
change bands soon, as she la already slightly
I imaged by ovsrhandling, and is quite shop
vorn." "A small lot of sixteen-year old Brunettes
not off last week, to eity buyers, at moderate
: rices, but as the treuttfeeax wore limited, and .
-o settlements were madfe.thtk'tMntactlon it
i.trdly worth mentioning.; ,
Water ir Philadblfsu. The total nam
'i r of water renters, or of those who pay
ter tax in Philadelphia, la 61,129 total
mount of water tax, $504,074 80. In th
i venty-hrst, twenty-second and twenty-third
itAe, there is no supply of water from hy-
il i-.tnta. ' 1
17..... Tm.m am XT v..m Tt. fofirtaul
tl 'ht of the Siate of New York now. amounts
t $33,813,838 85, of whioh $0,505,064 87 Is
tl.e genwat funded debt, aad $26,8v7,&4 68
it the oanal debt. The loan voted for last fall
will be applied to the floating debt, whioh
h mounts to $1,683,820 10. -
A New TaTvExarfo" Africa. M. Ceaten
1yk, a nativ of Bremen, who hat qualified
himself for th task, has i started en aa urpe
.liilon to traverse that portion of Afrleawhleh,
h log 'to the wett and north-wett of Moarovia,
xml | txt