Newspaper Page Text
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mlm. . MifiiiMi dJHSS -MIIIiiHitM
?. DE WOLFE -t CO.,
VOL. XVIII-NO XLVUI.
Faith that Eight makes
FriSDLAY, HANCOCK COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 12, 1872.
Might, and in that Faith let
us to the end dare to do our
Duty as we understand it.
TERMS Two JDollars Ter Annum
WHOLE NUMBER 675
i wLrr., i
t i K4Hr.
ixlulM: Jraf Zteor Earl of Pott Office
I on "py, one year
neDl 111 LD nnape o wnffnii in tuv,fcBl
style, sod baring employed xpertraod and
e ireful workmen, ve are prepared to execute
order tor very variety of Plaik and Fancy
Job Puirme wlto neatnea and dispatch-
Tbe add iUon ot Steam Power to our establish
ment aftorria an great advantages over most
e mntry nis in me way or low prices ana
(t work uaii wiui ui and t convinced.
UBS J PRESB fTERIAN CHURCH,Br.A.
H. Fields, Factor. Services every Baubath at
lu o'clock, A. M.. and? o'clock. F. M. Mab
batn School 12 o'clock, A. M. prayer Nral-
lng7 0'eioca:r-. jsinoraaay evening. Cor
ner of Main and Hardin streets.
nan congregational church.b.
at 10 o'clock, A. M and 7 o'clock, F. M.
saOoata school z o'clock, F. M. Prayer Meet-
lug 7 o etocs, i noraaay evening. Broad way,
south of Main-Croasstroet.
MkTUOIJUSl EPISCOPAL CHURCH, Bev.,
Oliver Kennedy, Fastuc. feervices every bab
tUb at is o'clock. A. al., and 7 o'clock, F.
M. tiatobaUi Schools o'clock, P.M. Frayer
Meeting 7 o'clock mnmuay evening,
dusky street, west of Main street.
rMMR l.VTHKRAN CHURCH. Rev.
Oeo. Miller, Pastor. Benriees every Sabbath
at HI o'clock, A. kC, and 7 o'clock, P. M.
Sabbath tecfcool at o'clock, A- M. Prayer
Meeting 7 o'clock Thursday evening, traw
ford street westoi jumsuvev.
j mi Tien MtKTHRRN IN CHRIST. Bev.T.
J. Harbaugh.r'astor. Bervtoesevery Sabbath
at IV o'clock, A. at-and 7 o'clock, P. M., Sab
liiih Hnhnnl m o'clock. A. M. Prayer Meet-
UK 7 o'clock Thursday evening. Corner of
Crawford ana. w est streets.
'H ORCH OF UUV.rroal street, westof Main,
Hev. J. W. A wkerman. Pastor Services on
Habbath at lul4 o'clock. A. M.. and 7 o'cloe,
F. M. babbatu-school at 2 P. M. Prayer
meeting every Thora day evening at
r. MICHAEL'S CATHOLIC CHVRCB,Ker.
J. B. Vooku, Pastor. Every other uautiatn,
Klnt Msms at U o'clock. A. M MlKh Ml
10, A. M Catechism at 2, P.M. bervteesln
ICngllsh, Uwnun and French. Mass every
morning at s o'clock, A. M. West end ol
V &RMAN LCTBERAN (. Juft 'm) CJI UR CH,
Itev. M. Buerkle, Pastor, (services every
other Habbath at 10 o'clock, A. M Habbath
Hebool at o'clock, A. M. blnglng Society at
7 o'clock Friday evening. Corner of West
and Front streets.
Kev. Juaiah May, rastor. bervices every
other babbath at 10 o'clock, A. M. ast end
ol Main-Cross street. .
HERMAN REFORMED CHURCH. Rev. J. O
itobl. Pastor. Services every other Sabbath
at o clock, A. m. BauDatn ncoooi at
o'clock. A. M. Prayer MeeUng at 7 o'clock
Wednesday evening. ast end of Main-
a? r ANGELICA L C URCH, Rev. E. B"
Crouse, Pastor. Hervices every ttabbath at
li o'clock. A. M- and 7 o'clock, P. M.
Frayer meeting Wednesday evening. Kan
rioaky street east of Main.
COUNCIL. NO. SO Jt A & M.
Reicular Convocation second Monday in each
-nonth. J Aura Wuvaox, T. J G,
t'INDLA T CHAPTER, NO. 88, R. A. M.
Regular Convocation, First Monday In each
mouth. B. F. KimmomlU. P I). H. BkAjtns
riNDLAY lODQK,Ro:tn, F. A. M.
Regular Communication First and Third
Wednesdays In each month. M. 11 Pattkh
hom W MO. J. UlWoUE, Secretary
HLANCHARD LODGE. NO. 0S. W. A A. M.
Keealar Commanication Hecond and Fourth
Wednesdays in each month. B. F. Kim-
moms, W. M, F. W. Fuuux, ttocretary.
GOLDEN BULB ENCAMPMENT, NO. 92,
. O. O. f. Slated meetines on tbe secoud
and fourth Fridays ot each month, 7 o'clock.
P. la Odd Fellows' naiu u.c, FISHER
ti r ana u. A. wiankks, ueriDe.
JANCOCE LODGE, NO. 7S, I. O. O. P.
.staled meetings ever Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock, P. U., in Odd Fellow's HalU J. F.
Bosket,, M. J.C uweli, Hec'y.
Depart ore and Arrival of Mails at the
Findlaj Post Once.
m ' "
OiRf Arose C.S.A C. Hit-- $30 a. in
PremuntBraach L.R.&L. RRj l&t p. a
Cany BranehCS. AC KU..-130 p. M.
Fremont Brae L. E.AL.R&J lLaia.
I'an Ruren, Portage, Mimgen and Bowling
44een Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at
ML Btanckard, Honddown and Xwing't Comer
Tuesday anu samniay, at i p. m.
Arlington, WUUammomnand Dunkirk Tuesday
ana saturaay, at i p. m.
OmaumsbKrv, Ha an and
and Fridav. tlD.m.
OuA Ridge, OUowa, Roanoke, Brlmore and Uilr
boa Tuesday and Friday, at 7 a. m.
Benton Rvne. Hanle and Pendleton Friday,
at a. in.
MeComfroad 4tlage Center Wednesday and
Saturday, at i i- uu
Open at 7 a. m. and close alt p. m.
Parsons holding boxes most pay rent on tbe
same wituin the nrst ten uayso warn quarter,
iuarters commence Jan, April, July and Oct.
Persons taking papers through the office
be discontinued. Tbe following are the quar-
most pay the poauige in aavance, or iney wiu
teriy rates of postage: Papers published sev
en LI men m wtwa, vwuw, w jm.
a t i mea IS cents : twice a week. 10 cents : once
a week, S cents; monthly, over 4 ounces,
sents; ounces and less, cents.
A. BALLOU, P. M.
reis of isevea Usee tBecrteal 1st this
III pailc silst Ibr psprr al hlw Ifsllsrs
Attorneys at Law
A. r. AHBEBSOX.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, will attend prompt
ly to business Special attention given
to collections. Office In Schwartz's Building,
Main Street, Flndlay, Ohio.
C i. B1 B,
ATTORNEY AT LAW COLLECTION
Agent. Office In Carlin's Block, oppo
. aite tbe Court House. Special attention giv
V en to coUeotion in town and country. Loans
negotiated on favorable terms. Oct. 20, KCI.J
JAMES A. BOrE,
A TTOBNEY AT LAW.
office over W. L. DavU 4 Oo.'s store. Main
street, Flndlay, Ohio. apr. 14, "71J
UEaRT EsOTI. B. T. DCBlt.
BROWS A BTJSbT.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, JTlndlay, O. Will
always be in attendance at their office,
..vxr-oid White Corner." first door South of
the Court House, and will give prompt per
sonal attention to all legal business entrusted
JACOB F. BIIBHET,
a TT0RNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
A. and Notary Public, Will attend prompt
ly lo all business entrusted to nis care, l ar
ticular attention given lo Collections, Parti
tioning of lands, and business In Probate
OFFICE on Main Street, East of the Court
House, la room formerly occupied by Brown
at Burkef. imar 7.
MoaoAjt b-skatkb. aabost a. aHArrka.
AVTNU formed co-partnership for the
practice of Law, will practice in state
Jul tad states Courts, and will
mmiit axicntlon to all business piacea in
their hands. Office In Wheeler's Block, Flnd
lay, Ohio. (may 7.
E. B. BEARDS LEY,
4 TTORNEY AT LAW and Claim Agenk
A, W'ill practice law ln State and U.S. Court
and attend promptly to business Intrusted to
bis care. As Justice of the Peace will attend
toCon veyancing and taking depositions. Office
Boom no. L, ateiooeon miuning. r inuiay. o.
JOHN WL. HAMLIH. .
ATTORNEY AT LAW and aiotary Public,
will practice in all State and Federal
Courts. Office in rauerson s mock, corner
Male and Saadnaky Htresta. Flndlay. Otitn.
.tiKlt. r. PENDLETON,
a T1YIKNEY A COUNSELLOR AT LAW
V Olfloe over the Red Corner Drug Store,
Nurth ol court nouse. jau , iiy
"1AP.LIN8 A CO, BANKERS. Banking
1 1 House in Rawson's Block. Na ea. Main
street, Findlay, Ohio. Banking Havre from
la 11 a'oioei, M., nd from 1 to i s'jiac, P. M.
A hnlrlng hn iinimirlnin lnterestOB
u. r. a ao. riLiu caslU'
Jon A. Mbecs, Cashier.
IN HENDERSON'S BLOCK, Flndlay, Ohio,
Sells Drafts on England, Ireland, Germany,
and all pnaatpal etuasof Europe, in aulas to
suit purchasers, and do a
rai bank ing bus-
FIRST N ATIONALMASalOF Fla'DLAY
0THOR1ZED CAPITAL-SIOOOO. IWi,
A nated Depository of the United rkateLL
Banking Hours from to U 'clock, M and 1
to P. M. Derttart: E. P. Jones, W. HTWheel
iV Henry Brown, J. H. Wilson and Wi"
fc. p. Johbs, Pres't, C K. Mim, Osah.
wiRVR MAIN AND CORY BTREET8.
I , flrstrlaas bouse In every panicaUr.
Wm. Marvin Co. Proprietors , also, dealers
in Branaies, Wines, uquun, cigars, nourbon
and Ryi Whiskies, Etc
AMERICAN HOCKE. .
SBENN1NGER, Proprietor. Corner Main
.and Main-Cross Streets. Findlay, Ohio,
fbe central location e Mils noose makes It
the most desirable piece "f' f inaiay.
Ttle tables are always supplied with the best
in the market GoodsUtiussand bostlers.
LJ Kiven to the treatment of natural teethe
Teeth Oiled with gold.foiL Un-foll and silver.
u"cV0-n "fnteed in all canes. Office
lhi "store, Main Street Flndlay
" jci a. i.ii-
C. E. BtHL.
OPATTVEAXD MECHANICAL DEN
tiU Crom ley's Block. - AU operaUons
Kiiii .. D . ,ne Profession, carefully and
S ijlfn'ly Perfortned. ILex.di nce, Xo23, West
1K. J. CAKB.
O tJRQEON DENTIST, having practiced twen-
.- r-"ej'ersin rinuiay and vicinity, will
Insert teeth in all tbe ditlerent styles. Diseas
ed Teeth and Gums treated In a scientific man
ner. Teeth extracted without pain. Office in
w.uvx.avc, AJKUCUCIL .
S. J. K. IIl'BER at CO-
,sALEBS 111 DRUGS, RUUonery, School
ifuuuum aL au nours iay or n igbu Perfectly
r, " guarsuiieeu. uer Main ana
hud vroMi Ml reels.
J. M. WUitUK Ai
DEALERS In Staple and Fancy Dry Goods,
Groceries. Boolaand KIiom. lialaandU&laf.
etc- etc Kia. SI and KL Malm iMnast. Fllldlav
w. s, roaT
- J.S. BlLLEniSEsll'O
TvEALERS IN FOREIGN and Domestic Dry
XJ Goods, Millinery Goods, Yankee Notions,
w ntte uooos. Furnishing Goods, XV o. 7V, Main
BARNEY, KSIIBEB at 'i.
THE GREAT CASH HOUSE, "Old AThile
Corner," by Court House. A complete Dry
Goods Store, Clothing Store, Boot and Shoe
Store, Hat and Cap Store, Millinery Store, Fur
store, uirpet store, ine place wuere close
ouyers ouy. t oilow tue crowu.
lAEALERSIN DRY GOOD8.Mil! IneryGoodS'
fpets, uais, caps, eUx, No. 7 and o stain SL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
In Grace re Is, Flour, Fish and a General
variety ln the Grocery and Provision line.
Good prices paid for Butter, Eggs, and Coun
try Produce generally. East side of Main SL,
first door north of Golt House Block, Findlay,
unio. April io, ;o-it.j
ISAAC DAVIS. HKttT I G1IIK,
DAVIS A GREEN,
T HOLES ALE AND RETAIL GROCERS
f y and Commission Merchants and Dealers
ln Flour, Salt, Fish, Wooden and Willow Ware
Ac, A, Corner ol Main and biuidasky Streets.
W. I DAVIS. J. W. DA VIS. St. I DRVILU
BATIK BROS. dtVO
firHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCERS
If and dealers In t lour. Provisions, Wooden
Notions and general variety. Goods at Whole
sale, at Cleveland and Toledo prices, aos.21
and 23, Main Street.
stock of Shelf Goods,
No. 65, Ewing's Block,
Physicians and Surgeons
r. w. riKxiir. m. i
PYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
ln EwlnrBloclcoverCrvstRl Fi
Store. Residence on East Hardin t
house Easlof Presbyterian Church.
CHAS OKSTSaUX. W. M. UKTWILKS
OESTERLIX m DETWILEB,
TTOMCEPATHIC PHYSICIANS RTTR.
11 GEONS. Office and Residence Main SL.
upiWBiw un win nuunc, ruiuiijuilio,
EXTRIMJN A MILLER,
PHYSICIANS A SURGEONS. Surgical and
Chroniecasesdeeirineto consult In-, in.
trikin willslnd him ln the office on Wednes
days and Saturdays from 10 o'clock a. m. to I
ocioosp. m. nr Miner can oe consulted on
Tuesdays and Fridays at same heurs. Office
room formerly occupied by Dr. Entrikin.
Sf SIM. A . r. LDDNAV.
WV1TES THE ATTENTION OF THE LA
dies to her fresh and deairahlaatnclr r Mil.
iinery uooos, rtata, son nets and Trimmings:
fact, a general assortment ot Ladies' Fur
nishing Goods of the latest styles, bought al
late Oecline. and will hAanId at mrtMinAn.
u,ug pi ic. Liaunert's riiOCK, r-ast siae Alain
Bireet, rindiay, Ohio. April 5, TO-tf
HISS J ILIA A. PARKER,
DESIRES to call attention to her stock of
MilltnerV Goods. Ham Hnnnelaand Trim
mtngs, which she is receiving at W. 1L A J. J
nan vi Store. Main Street. Findlay. Ohio.
W.S.OSBOKH. L. A. BALDWIN
GENERAL PRODUCE M ERCHANTS. Deal
ers in Butter, Eggs, Lard. Feathers, Seeds,
Dried Fruits, Beeswax, Pelts, Hides and Coun
Produce of ail descriptions.
Cigar an Sobarru.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERSin
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuff and Pipes. A
splendid stock of Fine Cut, Short's Plug and
Smoking Tobaeso- a full line f Hniiii.i.
constantly on hand. No. 7a, Mala Street.
TO YOUNa MEN.
inHPnbUtntdinaBeoled Envelope. Price fete.
Leetaxe em tke NatnreTreatmest
Sd,eal Cnre of Spermatorrbosa, or Sem
inal Weakness, Involuntary Kiuiasiona, Sex
ual Debility, and Impediments to Marriage
. Nervousness, Cont-uinption. Epil-
psy.andFlts; Mental and Physical Incapa
ity. resnltinff from-H..ir iim.
BOBERTJ.cfiLVI.-HWi.rT. a kf AMti.-.r
the "Green Book," 4c
.The world-renowned author. In thisadmira-
Lecture, elearl V nmvM Imm lilinwfl at.
perienee that the awful consequences of Self
Abuse may be effectually removed without
medicines, and without daneerous sureical
operations, bougies, instruments, rings, or
cordials, pointing out a mode of cure at once
certain and effectual by which every sufferer.
matter what his condition may be, ma'
THIS LECTURE Wl LL PROVE A BOON
jiimseiicneaniy, privately, and radical
THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS.
Sent Under Beal. t, r v A. 1 1 1 rpk in a nlaln
sealed envelope, on tbe receipt of six cents.
2i.lwo postage stamps. Also, Or. Cul verweli's
nairiaae umae," price eeuta. Address
CU AN. J. c. KLINE At CO.,
127 Bowery. New Ye-rk.
-y Post Office Box 4,o6.
TO THE SUFFERING.
The Rev. William H.Norton. whllereKirlinff
Brazil as a Missionary, discovered ln that
of medicines, a remedy for Coxscmp-
TI0H, SCROFULA, BOliK THROAT, COUGBS
Colds, Asthma, ado Nekvocs Weaesess.
remedy has cured myself after all other
memcinee had failed.
Wishing to benefit the suffering, I will send
recipe for preparing and nslng this reme
to all who desire It FBEE OF CHARGiC
Please send an envelope, with your name
address on it, Address,
Rev. WILLIAM H. NORTON,
7 Broadway, New York City.
Tbe Basis of Civil Bociett. Essays for
Young Men on the honor and happiness of
Marriage, and the evils and dangers of Celib
acy, with sanitary help for the attainment of
man's true position In life. Bent treejn sealed
envelopes. Address, HOWARD ASSOCIA
TION, Box P. Philadelphia, Pa. (nor
NEW BOOK every any
HELP IN ACCIDENTS AND
A Guide in the absence of Medical Assist
ance. Published with tbe approval of the
best Medical Authority.
The following are some of its subjects:
Biles, Bleeding, Broken Bones, Bruises,
Choking. Cholera, Cold, Contusions,
Dislocations, lHnwning. Dysentery. Fevers,
Fractures, Hanging, Nursing, Poisoning.
Scalds, Small-pox, Sprains, sudocatlon. Sun
stroke, etc, etc
This volume, written by eminent Physi
cians hss been prepared for the press by tbe
GOOD HEALTH MONTHLY MAO-
I2mow, S85 pages, with 23 Illustrations.
Sold by all Booksellers, and sent bv mail.
poeipaiu, on receipi oi price, oy
fll.ll.VAJ J r.lt JBlMllCfeL
PuUit ker, Bottom.
NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT
Estate of John Kalb, Dec'd.
rpHE UNDERSIGNED HAS BEEN AP.
pointed and uualitlt-d as Administrator of
estate of John Kali. late of McConib,
Hancock County.Ohio, deceased.
laied this 7Ui day of March. A. D. 1K72.
JOHN H. KALB,
TS&i "1 a" other vsrie
Ja"'1 -W. KIM MEL'S.
n A it no BROTH EBB.
G. W. TWINING & CO.,
H .?Kt'EJfTLT PrRfTIASF-D THE
-a..a. vuuU auuwn as tne
J!?.' 0F?y occupied by J. CONSTABLE,
522 .tJ,u nn 11 1'" utmoat capacity
nndertbeSupsrvteionof B.R. LAMB.aman
rr hi KiJ; wno ln ev'ry respect master
" " m, a iuii tine oi
BREADS and FINE CAKES
Constantly on hand. Also, all kinds of For
eign and Domestic Fruits, Nuts and Confec
tionary, with a lull stock of
Groceries & Provisions,
Wooden and Willow Ware. The highest cash
price paid lor an ainas or country rToduce.
I We make a specialty of EGGS.) A continu
ance of the former patronage of the house Is
solicited, with all the additional that our in
ducements will enauie us to attract.
Farmers and Others
Can alwatstret a GOOD LTJNCH by stepping
unuuj I BAIXEMCIa AUO rOOUlS lor
SODA WATER, ICECREAM,
And other refreshments will be opened at the
BLUE FROiW STORE.
AM now receiving a complete stock
Custom-Made Boots & Shoes.
Slothing, Hats'& Caps
WOOLEN SHIRTS, GLOVES. MIT1 ENS.
AND GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS,
all of which I am determined shall be sold
CHEAP FOR CASH.
WOOLEN DRESS GOODS. RlflWla svn
TABLE LINENS, at greatly reduced prices to
M . J . 1IVUI HN UVW C1MaV VI MUMJIM It I (I nnOeS.
The second Term of this flourishing Institu
Monday, Nov. 27, 1871,
Continue SIXTEEN WEEKS
It is the object of tbe Institution to provide
the best means of obtaining a thorough and
radical education for all who wish loatteuil
leitbemalns nor exoense have been soared
to make tbe Institution all that parentscould
wisn as a place tor the education oi ineircuii-
dren. The curriculum embraces, beside the
No extra charge for sur branch advertised
in the curriculum.
TUITION For common branches. oOe per
weeK; lor lugner, sue.
Oood faosnfcui lie cibtalned at from t2 Xi to
75 per week. Room rent from 25c to 60c per
A Normal class will be formed each term
for the special instruction of those desiring to
A Normal Term of six weeks Is Intended for
those who caunot be in attendance a full
term at an v season of the vi
Particular attention will be riven to the
Theory and fracllce or leaching during the
Mmsie taught ln all Its departments.
CALENDAR FOR 1871-2.
Winter term beelns Nov. 27.
ring term begins
fT" , , , Marcli V.
formation send for catalogue
H. H. Ltn K,
J. U. PARK.
Oct. 14, 1871 6 m.
Wood-Sawing' Machines, and
AM NOW MANUFACTURING HORSE
POWERS, adapted to the ruuulug ol
CILERTlLXS. WOOD ANU CIRCULAR
SAWS, and other purposes requiring similar
power. Call and see me before purchasing
elsewhere.atthe "Jackson Foundry," near
.ct-tf. JtMBK wuu
9td tMe meat popular work ever bef'tre itttro
THE GREAT CONFLAGRATION.
C H I C AGO,
Its fast, phesekt, and fdtuke.
THE ORIGIN, PROGRESS AND RESULTS
OFXHri uiUiAT unitAuu iu.t
With graphic scenes. Incidents, and details of
disaster. Lists of the principal Bankers,
Manufacturers, and Merchants who are loos
er. A complete picture of Chicago before
and after the tire. The Trade and Commerce
C hicago. Details of its Municipal Affaire,
and the Great Fires of tbe World.
The statistics ol tne ire iKpruuuu wiu
..nin ith Wonderful Water Works.
Description of tbe Sewerage.pavtng and build
lag materials. The extraordinary marvel ot
.... xj. - Minnlnn nn stream.
location and mode of operatingthe Grain El
evators. History and descripUon or the fa
mous Stork Yards. TnenumoeroiiiaiirouuB,
Lake Trade and Commerce.
From personal ooservauuiis ujr
Literary Editor Chicago Tribune,
JAMES W. SIIKAHAN,
Editor of Chicago Tribune.
A hnv of XV) nairea. Illustrated bv the best
artists, and will be worthy ol the confluence
Price In extra Cloth and out, tun. wuiuc
sent by mail, on receipt of price.
i n is wora can oniy oe uuunutu ""
PiilkliKhera nr from tlielr reaular authorised
agents, as it is sold exclusively by subscrip
tion, and cannot be obtained from any book
stores in tbe United States. Address
UNION PUBLISHING CO. ,
n25 wl) lUu Twentyecond JgL, Chicago.
mil Cattle Mite
This prcparatioa, laog and aranbty
edswb, will tiMraugBly nsisTigisaw
braseo sown and low-spirited aoraes,
ky strengthening sad eki ruing tb
It is s sure prrreDtivsof all diseAaw
faieident to this wiiwl sack as LIJXO
a , an. iiujiubna, ir.t.i.uiv
WATER. HEAVES. COUGHS, PIS
TEMPER, FEVERS. FOUNDER.
LOSS OP APPETITE AND VITAL
ENERGY, Ac. Itt asa UDproTes
the wind, increases the appetite
rivet asavaMh sad lloarr skia sas
Uaasforau tha suaerabla skefetaa
uiuta aneooung arat spmtea Son.
To keeMn or Cows this srtDirs-
tka u invaluable. It is a sure pre-
Tenara sgaiast Biaderpest, Bollow
Bora, etc It has bam prevaa by
aetaal experiment to increase tba
qoantity of milk sad cream twenty
'per cent, sad make tae batter arm
and sweet. In fattening cattle, it
gives them aa appetite, loosens Usar hate, and sukee
taem tari v much aster.
In an disssses of Swine, sock as Cosghs, TJleers la
caerLjuifn. uver,ac,Hus arorieacta
at s specific. By putting from one
hah a paper to a paper la a barrel of
swill thaahovditraiet will heeradt
cated or entirely prerented. If given
time, a certain preventive and
cure for the Bag Cholera.
D.IT1D . FOUTZ, Prtrpriftor,
For sale by Trrogfitts and Blstekeepeit throughout
tbe United Stales. Cwadat sod south ai
General Collecting Agent,
OFFICE With Hhafer Bros., Wheeler's Block,
WILL attend to all business entrusted to
his care, and make promptreturne. Re-
iers ov permissio to w.n. at j. j. wneeier
Whiteley a Blacnord, J.S. Patterson, Snafer
BrasH. Brown. D. C. Fisher and maov oth-
A Familt Medicime Chest it a family ne
cettity. You muxl have something to give for
a cold, for a headache, d larrhea, rheumatism
neuralgia, toothache, croop, whooping-cough
orotherofthe hundred ills that are sure to
come, rorwarned is forearmed. You hav
it ln a rase of HUMPH REVS' HOMEOPATH
io srbLKiut. simple so yon make no
mistake; ready so you need not wait; safe
so you may act fearlessly ; efficient so you
may feel confident. Medicineslhat cure but
douotkill; they save, but do not destroy.
No. Cures Muxes.
Fevers. Congest lon.lnflamatlons
Morma, worm rever, worm ( one
Crvlak. Colic, or Teething of ln-
flarrhea.of Children or Adulta..
Uyaesilery, Griping, Bilious collo
Itelera MarbMa.V oiultiug.
NesirallsTav Toothache. Kaceai'he
Meayrtavcbe.Hlck Heada'he, Vertigo 2i
Wopreaard.or Irregular Periods
Whltea,too Profuse Periods
Krsiptiasia,sall Rheum, Erysipe
KSewmatlsna, Rheumatic Pains
Feraud Ague, Chills, Fever,
Pilea.HlInd or Bleeding
sipfa tbalmy iiid Sore or Weak
ensa , 50
Aattaaaa,OppresHed Breathing 60
Ear Discharges, impaired Hearing 60
Ueaeral Debility physical Weak
ness . SO
lrepj and Scanty Secretions Ui
Sickness from Rid-
KMaiey Disease, Gravel. .....
Kltrrost Debility, in voluntary
Discharges, and Seminal Emission 1 00
Mere Mouth, Canker. fio
lirlwary Weakness, Wetting Bed. 60
Palatal Periods, Hysteria 60
MBHerlar at Change of Lite I 00
Epilepsy SpasmsU. Vitus Dam-el 00
IHtttaerla Ulcerated Sore Throat 60
Price ln vials, large slse50c and 1 00
FAMILY CHESTS, in Morocco, with 35
large s dram vials, containing the above
and Book of Direction complete I10 00
ai - 0U
BOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
Sent by mail ok expkemm fkee,on eeceipt
HOM EOPATH IC MEDICINE CO..
Office and Depot, No. 602 Broadway N. Y
t'arrs Piles, Nearalgla, Teothaeae,
Bleedlaa-erthe Lssn. Nteswara. New
r stser Orraas, Maraa. Bra.aes, Lane
aeaa, sprsias, asfsasuiiB, Bare
Tkrsst, HoreEyea Blela,'araa, rieers.
Old Hares. The beat Family Medlclae
Price, 0 ox.. 50c Pints, f 1 : Qusrts, 11.75.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
June 16 1K7L 1 y.
For sole by
W. Ii. Miller & Co., Druggists,
To any person producing anv Medicine able
to show one-third as many living, permanent
cures as Dk. Fitlkk'b Vkoktaulk Rheumat
ic Rem Xiiv : and a further rrvard of fluu lor
and Rheumatiain of the Kidneys it unit not
lutin. Kieuraigia. luieuuiatic Aaue. sciat.ca.
cure. -iiiismieuinaiicryrup uuam intcartuy
only, pleasant to tbe taste, and guaranteed
iree iroin iniurious iiruvs. it is not a ouack
Medicine, but tbe Ncleulirlr prescription ol Joa.
P. Filler. M. !.. Pnilesaorof Toxicolocv and
Cbemistn. graduate of the celebrated Uni
versity of Pensvlvanla, A. D., lsa, whose en
ure professional lite lias ueen devoted special
ly to thlsdlsesse. This preparation undersol-
emn oath is conscientiously believed to be the
only positive, relluuiespecinreverdlacovered,
The proof that no other specific ever exists Is
found in every community In iionsat11!cleu
ior many years psat suit still sunering. II
pnyttetant couia cure if, y a tjtectfie ma eruf,
fAutpoufu not be ro a iscttnat must tie uni
verxally admitted. Tbe oft decelveil sugerer
may wisely ask, what security orevldeiice has
belhat Dr. Filler's RheumalicSyrupwlllcure
his esse. The nrolectlon ottered to imtieuts
against imposition is in a legally signed con
tract which will be forwarded without charge
of afffctlous, this guarantee will state the ex
to any sunerer sending uy letter a description
act number of bottles wsrranled to cure, and
in ease of failure the money paid will be re
turned to the patient. No other remedy liai
ever been offered on such liberal and hnnora
ble terms. Medical advice, with certificates
from prominent mysicians.ner8:vmeii. etc.
bo have been cured after all other treat
ments failed, sent by letter, gratis. Afflicted
cordially Invited to write lor advice to the
principal office. 29 South Fourth street. Phila
delphia, Pa. Dr. Filler's Rheumatic Syrup Is
sold by Druggists.
W. L. M I LLKK CO..
Jane 16, 71-ly Bole Agents, Flndlay, Ohio.
O TlIE IXGRKli. Ti THAT
COMPOSE i:os.. l.:S are
publislted on evci v . J tjjT". fhere
jforeitisaoa tarn I pieuantion.
PHYSICIANS PBESCBIBE IT
It is a certain cure for Scrofula,
SvnhilU in all iu forms. Rheuma
tism, akin Diseases, Liver Com
plaint and all diseases ot the
OXS EOTTLS OF SOSASAUS
will do more good than ten bottles
ot the Syrups ot aarsapanlla.
THE UNDERSIGNED PHYSICIANS
liave used RosxUUs in their practice
for tlie oast three vears and freely
endorse it as a reliable Alterative
and Blood Puriner.
DR. T. C. PCOH, of Baltimore.
DR.T. J. BOVKIK, "
DR. R. W.CARR.
mi V r niValt'IT V 41
LIV. r . V. I'AI' s7.AaaU
DR. J. S. SPARKS, of NicholarriUe,
DB. J. L. MrCABTHA, Columbia,
DR. A. B. NOBLES, Edgecomb, N. C.
USED ADD ENDORSED BY
J. B. FRENCH SONS, Fall River,
F. W. SMiTlf, Jjcksoa, Mich.
A. F. WHF.KLER, Lima, Ohio.
B. HAI.L, Lima, Ohio.
CRAVEN A CO.. Ganloiurrille. Vs.
SA.M'L. C. McFADDEN, alurfrees-
Our space will not allow of any ex
tended remarks in relstioa to tha
virtuesof Botadalit. Tothe Medical
Professioa we guarantee a Fluid Ex
tract superior to any tney nave ever
used in the treatment of diseased
Blood; and to thealmcted we say try
Rosadalis. and you will be restored
Tbisailali Is sold by -all Dramrists.
price a I -0 per bottle. Address
rx CUMEOTS ft CO.
July 21 I87i ly.
'A Complete Pictorial History of the
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ralVaailly raster la Ike taiea."
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[From the New York Post of April 2d.]
SAMUEL F. B. MORSE.
The last rrpo t to-tlat of the pbjfcl
cian attending Protestor Morse is
that Lis patient is "Iirea bing heavily
antl failing fast.''
It ia a cn:ioaa ftc ll.a, with a
woi Id-wide refutation. Lis name- aa
familiar to American t-iiizens aa that
of Franklin, or WnsLington, or Lin
coln, the jveoj.Ie even ol tbis country
know little or nothing of Professor
Samuel F. B. Morse' true position in
the scientific world, or of his rela
tions to the system of communication
which bears bis name. While he is
generally regarded here as the found
er, be was, in reality, the finisher of
the system ; he was tba capital, not
the base, of the pillar. Thin popular
mistake has been the cause of mach
injustice done to Profesbor Morse by
persons who, wishing; to deprive Lii .
of all credit, have nati enough truth
on their side, in attack ng h s fopr-
lar reputation, to make all their as
The history ol tue electro magnetic
telegraph, extending from 1729,
when it was first discovered that a
"shock'" could be transmitted to a
distance through a conducting me
dium, to May 1844, when the first
message "What God hath wrought"
was sent over tue line between
Baltimore and Washington, involves
many successive discoveries, much
laborious study on the part ot scien
tific men, and hundreds of successful
and unsuccessful experiments. It
has been the glory of l'rofesser Morse
that his name was the last of a bril
liant teries of names belonging to
men whose set vices are duly recog
nised by (cience Franklin. Watson,
Oersted , Sch weipgor, A m pere, Arago,
Sturgeon and Henry. The diicav
eries of these men, which led to the
grand result finally accomplished by
the genius ol iuorse, snow a curious
succession of steps, trom 129 to
1800 the experiments, though inval
uable to future inventors, brought
little that was practical in the way of
communication, because the "electri
cal machine" then in use did not de
vclope a continuous current. Frank
lin settled several scientific questions
useful to futuie inquirers. Dr. Wat
son, in 1747, made the verv important
discovery that the earth or water
acted aa conductors to complete the
electric current sett over a single
wire. During the latter quarter of
the eighteenth century a number of
ingenious but awkward plans of elect.
re-telegraphic ccmmunlcalion were
tried by Lesage, Lomond, Reizen,
and Salva, in Switzerland, France and
Spain, but without results of service
to the inventor of our present system.
In 1800, however, came tbe discovery
of the volta'c pile by which a con
tinuous current was secured. The
next great step, a very long one, was
the discovery l y William Sturgeon
of London, in 1825, after hints from
the experiments of Oersted, Ampere
and Arago, that a pieccof iron could
be made a magnet by a current of
electricity passing through a coil oi
wire surrounding it. Only one step
remained. In coiling naked wire
about tie iron it was necessaiily
wound loosely, and the magnet was
of little power. In 1828-30 Profess
or Henry, of Albany, discovered that
successive layers of covered wire
could be wound tightly about the iron
In this manner li,e produce! a magnet
of a power never before known.
With the number of telegraph poles
now in this country, it would be un
grateful, perhaps, to forget the mod
est claims ot Harrison G. Dyar, who
was the first, in 1827, to use wooden
posts and glass insulators for an elec
Such were the successive steps
which led to the condition in which
Samuel F. II. Morse found the science
of electro-magnetism, when in 1S32
he first turned bis attention to the
subject of telegraphic communication,
In spite of all these valuable discov
eries, however, which includes nearly
all the principles involved in the
system now in use, there had been
so little practical benefit from previ
oua experiments, and so many fail
ares, that neither the public nor a mc
jority of scientific men had any con
fidence in electro magnetism aa a
means of business and popular com
munication. The world was waiting
for a man posseeung lb at rare com
bination of inventive genius with
persistent energy, without which the
discoveries of science may temain
for years, or forever, valueless were
bases of unsubstantial theories. So
utterly without practical result were
all previous experiments, that the
people regarded men who devoted
themselves to the sut ject, except in
purely sientiCc way, as mere en
thusiasts to be pitied or laughed at.
That this was true, witness the de
bate in Congress, February 1843,
when a bill appropriating 930.000 to
test Professor Morse s new invention
was before the House. Mr. Cave
Johnson his opposition to the bill
is now bis only claim to Immoitality
proposed, humorously, that part
of the appropriation be devoted to a
test ct "Mesmerism" Mr. Houston
thought that "Milleriam'' should have
its share, and another member pro
posed that (Jonsreas provide ior a
telegraph to the moon. The decision
was in favor of Morse by a majority
of only six in one hundred and seventy-two
votes and this as a matter
personal and friendly influence,
connected with some vague hope that
some something might "turn up" in
the way of a miracle. Whoever as
sisted Professor Morse in hia early
days of struggles and failures, he
was tbe central figure by which all
the energy was guided, and he was
the centre of interest. In his mind
was conceived while crossing the
ocean in 18J2 tbe creat essential
feature of the telegraph as it now ex
ists; the use of the electro magnet,
discovered by Sturgeon and perfect
ed by Henry, as a means of record
ing messages in connection with a
auitable mechanical contrivance. The
first operation of his invention was
November, 1835, and in Septem
ber, iSoi, ne exhibited his system to
hundreds of citizens In the University
New York, on Washington Square.
tie nrst maue ma application ior as
sistance to Congress in 1838, but did
succeed until 1843, after untiring ef
forts at home and most disheartening
neglect from the governments ot
England and France, which countries
visited with his invention. Within
seventeen years after the appropria
tion of Congress there were more
than thirty six thousand miles of tel
egraph wire in North and South
America alone, and in Europe, Asia
and Africa there were many thous
ands of miles more.
No American, and perhaps no citi
zen ot Europe in this century, if not
connected with tbe politics of the
world, except Alexander von Hum
boldt, has been the recipient of so
many special honors in recognition
his great services as Professor
Morse. Tbe sovereigns of Europe
have loaded him with medals and
ribbons and other emblems of re
spect, besides giving hia genius more
substantial recognition. The rulers
of Prussia. Austria, France. Den
mark, Spain and Turkey have vied
with each other in doing him honor.
Ten European nations combined in
P'escnting him the sum of $00,000
The world, in shoit, has done all it
possibly could do to recognize and
reward his services.
Professor Morse was born
Charlcstown, Mass., April 27. 1791
was graduated at Yale in 1810, and
afterwards studied painting unde;
Benjamin West in England. He
was successful as an artist, and was
one of the founders of the present
r ationsl Academy ot Design, being
elected its first president in 182G,and
holding that office sixteen years.
1829 he went abrcad again and
studied about three years. He hsd
paid special attention to chemistry
and natural philosophy during h
college course. These studies grad
ually overcame his love for art, and
when he returned from Europe
1832, his mind was prepared for the
i souception which has made hia name
RECOLLECTIONS OF MAZZINI.
Nothing, perhaps, will come back
more vividly to those who have just
lost their friend than the way in
which, while living in an atmosphere
or thought and feeling that seemed
quite unlike our ordinary life, he was
able to enter into and sympathize
with the teelings of everyday,
'Mazzini, said a lady to me once.
"can understand feelings that
thought no one but a woman could
realize." Nor was this confined
merely to bis own class, and those in
socially equal intercourse with him
Duiing one of his most severe ill
nesses he was ntaj icg in his favorite
lodging in the Fulhain-road, and was
waited on by the woman who kept
the lodgings, hue, like ail who wait
ed on him, had become warmly at
tached to him, but her awkward
cooking was ill-fitted to his sick
taste. Unwilling to pain her by let
ting her know this, he used to hide
away the dinner that she might not
see thst it bad not heen eaten. Hun
dreds uch stories as this might, I
doubt not, be told, and yet aa the
interviews which I have had with
him in that book crowded little room
in tbe Fulham-road came back to me.
I like to think rather of the way in
which he drew one out of oneself,
and make one feel that each aubject
that one had been wont to associate
with low intrigues or hard dogma
had a higher and nobler side. I
sadly remember that often the elTect
seemed to me too great to live in that
pure air of perfect selfishness and
heroism which was so strangely out
of keeping with tbe lower life around
us. I well remember taking a friend
of mine, an unromanti? Scotch law
yer, to Mazzini. Never had I heard
Mazzini so eloquent as on that day ;
the intense fervor of conviction with
which he met one or two objections
which my friend put forward so
touched tbe latter, that when we left
the room he turned to me with flushed
checks and eager voice, and begged
me to bring him again soon. He
olten loved to speak of those whom
he had worked with in his different
tropica, and I remember his dwell
ing with special delight on the servi
ces antl eacriGcea of Signor Petroni
(the same, I suppose, who is now one
of the chief writers on the Homo del
Pajtolo), and winding op with, 'That
is a man whose life must be written
some day." In spile of the fierceness
of his attacks in writing when they
were needed, 1 never heard him
speak bitterly in private conversation
ot any one but the Napoleons (the
ex-Emperor and Prince Jerome),
and even of them contemptuously
AN OPTICAL DELUSION.
Count' OrlofT, tbe newly appointed
Russian Minister in Paris, wears
spectacles. A few days ago, so says
the Paris Journal, he called on tbe
President or the ICepublic, and in the
haste of his departure forgot the
aforesaid article, which he had laid
down in the course of his conversa
tion with him. M. Thiers ordered
them to be immediately sent to him.
The spectacles are therefore Inclosed
in an official envelope, sealed with
the seal of tbe Republic, and a
mounted gensdsrme in a gallop con
veys it to its mission thinking noth
ing less but that be is carrying a
state dispatch. Great was the sur
prise of several members of the
Russian legation as, in the absence
of the Court, the envelope was open
ed. An attache gave the opinion
tbat it must mean something extra
ordinary." As thia same opinion
was also entertained by others, it was
decided to telegraph the following to
St. Petersburg immediately: Mys
terious spectacles received of Presi
dent Thieis. Minister absent. What
shall we do ?' The answer received
stated. "Send spectacles here."
Fortunately at this time Count Orlofl
returned to the hotel, and the myste
rious spectacles which were on the
eve of departure for St. Petersburg,
took tbe shortest route to his nose.
THE SON OF ROBERT BURNS.
The last surviving son of Robert
Burns i dead. Tbe poet tad six
children, of whom three sons surviv
ed inlancy. Of these, William Nicol
Burns was the second. He lived to
be 82 years of age, having been born
in April, 1791. II is elder brother,
Robert, died in Dumfries about ten
years since, tiis younger brother,
James, died some seven years aince.
Like bim, he was an officer in the
East Iodia Company's service, from
which he retired, after a full term of
service, thirty yeara ago. Of the three
ions of Robert Burns, all were child
less except the second, James, who
left two daughters. Of these, one
married an Irish physician, Dr. Hutch
inion, (her sister, Annie Burns, never
married.) She had seveal children,
whom one, Robert Burns Hutcbin
goD, recently completed his education
Christ Church Hospital, London.
This gentleman and his sisters are
tbe only descendants in the fourth
generation of the poet. Col. Burns
was not a very remaraauie man ; uo
was a nice old gentleman, and when
the army an efficient officer. His
recollections of bis father are not
manv. for he was but five years of
ace when the poet died, in 1796. He
was namea alter iue isuwt mcuu,
William Nicol, a master in the Edin
burgh High School, sue one of the
three celebrities named In "Willie
Brewed a Peck o' Maut." Col. Burns
has been buried in the Burns mau
soleum, at Dumfries, where hia fath
er, hia brother, and bis world-widely
- .t .. T ? A
celebrated mower, senilis armour,
M on roc county, Florida, with a per
manent tabulation of six thousand,
boasts that not a single arrest for any
criminal act has been made within her
borders since the 4th of January.
Conn throughout Kentucky is esti
mated to be worth.on an average, 51c.
bus., wheat $1 28, and $16 50 ton.
[From the St. Louis Democrat.]
GREELEY IN 1870 AND IN 1872.
The Missouri bolters of 1870 were
uuitparingly denounced by the great
and good Mr. Greeley. His journal
had no terms too hard tor thetu. They
were demagogues, renegades, coppei
heads, traitor. Not only were they
censureu. out in truth tbey were
grossly and utterly misrepresented in
the Tribune. They were declared to
have betraved the national party and
cause, and lor tree trade. This jour
nal ventured to give the denial to
those aspersions, and Mr. Schurz con
troverted them in the Senate, but
they were nevertheless persisted in.
Our position was that the bolt was a
local and temporary aflair, not involv
ing the loyalty ot the participants in
it to the common Republican cause.
and that when the proper time should
come they would be found in the
ranks of their party and uncompro
misingly hostile to Democratic as
cendency. The proper time has arrived, and it
is now pertinent to ask, not only
where are the Missouri Liberals of
1870? but, where is Mr. Greeley?
We are happy to assure Mr. Greeley,
and he may readily satisfy himself of
the tact, tbat tbe tens of thousands of
Republican who voted ior Gratz
Brown in this State, and were so
stintlessly slandered by him for doin
so, have falsified the calumnies be
then heaped upon them ; and we re
gret to add that while they are doing
this, he u himself tulhlling the part
which he prophesied lor them. Two
or three of their leaders have yielded
to the temptation to which he also has
succumbed, and he now stands with
these two or three faithless leaders,
while the liberal masses of Missouri
repudiate both him and them. He
cannot have studied the progress of
events and the signs of the times in
this quarter it he is not uncomfortably
suspicious tbat this ia the tact.
Ihe Missouri bolters of 1S70 plead-
eu tueir local cause witnin tne local
party. They manfully phed argument-
remonstrance and persuasion, to deter
mine, it possible, the composition and
action ot their State Convention, and
with all the force they could muster
tbey went into their Convention. Mr.
Greeley, who then gave them his pet
tiest abuse, now supports a standard
of revolt against his party, bolts the
National Convention in advance, and
instead of directly seeking to influence
its complexion and action, proclaims
war upon it and its candidate before
hand. He is lor the Cincinnatians and
Democratic coalition in the national
campaign, and is, in effect, laboring to
Keep out ot the i lulaJelphia (Jonven
tion even those who might render its
results accptable to him. Not only
this, but he is hand-in-hand with free
traders. Against his own protection
isi convictions ana against his own
teachings on the national issues. Mr.
Greely joins a Republican cabal for a
Democratic alliance three months be
fore a Republican Convention can have
done or committed aught to justify
is displeasure, thereby forleitintr his
ight to complain ot its action, what
ever that shall be. How does his course
contrast with th'at of the Missouri Lib
erals ot 1870? He accused them of
free-tradeisra, but they have not had
enough ot it to seistrato them from
protectionist Republicans. His Repub
licanism tloes not prevent him from
fiiliatintF with free-traders and the
opposora of enforcement legislation un
der the amendments against his party.
Ijui we can come to his relief and
demonstrate his consistency. With us
in is ii me question was one ot so
amending our State Constitution as to
restore the suffrage to those who were
disfranchised for disloyalty. It was
also with us a question of Republican
strength in Missouri in 1870. With
disfranchisement either unrepealed or
repealed by an exclusive Democratic
victory, the Republican Party in Mis
souri would have been mortally shat
tered. In opposing and denouncing
us, then, Mr. Greeley did his best to
make Missouri forever a Democratic
Stte, and he is now apparently doing
his utmost to bless the country with a
Democratic Government. In this view
he may still claim the jewel of consistency.
A Washington correspondent ot a
Southern paper says of Governor
Davis, of Texas, in connection with
the Vice Presidency :
1 he recent visit ot Governor Da
vis to this city brought to fresh re
membranes some incidents of bis life
which has never appeared in print.
staunch Union man, had the gov
ernment ia the early part of 18G1
rendered him the least encouragement
and aid, he would have saved Texas
the Union. She, however, was
forced out, and he entered the ser
vice of the Union in command of Tex
as volunteers. His wife and children
and property were left to the mercy
his rebel neighbors. His wifo made
several desperate attempts to tret
within the Union lines, but as often
was she captured and taken back to
Brownsville, where the Colonel had
resided. In 18G2, the Colonel made
an attempt to reach them and bring
them away, but was captured and
sentenced to be hung, but just as the
rope was being adjusted around bis
neck a messenger from the Mexican
authorities arrived and demanded his
release, threatening to retaliate should
he be hung. The consequence was
that the rebels reluctantly released
him, and he in company with his wife
and little children, set out amid dan
gers by land and perils is an open
boat on the sea, in an almost naked
and starved condition, for our lines,
and after a few days found themselves
on board ot one of our gunboats. A
brother-in-law of Governor Davis
was a class mate of President Grant,
and there exists between the Gover
nor and the President the most friend
ly and intimate relations. He has
been most successful in administering
government ot Texas in the interests
Republicanism. He rendered the
country valuable and distinguished
services during the war by command
ing a brigade of Texas volunteers.
These distinguished services, together
with other tacts tbat might be men
tioned, combine to make bis claim to
the high position of Vice President
Vaccination now generally practi
ced as a protection against a terrible
disease was discovered almost by
accident. Provious to the year 179G,
inoculation was the only known
method of diminishing tuo danger
attendant on small-pox; for it was
believed that all must have the disease
some way. Mr. Edward Jenner,
inoculating his patients for small pox,
found that many did not take it. In
quiries among the country people
developed a common belief among
them that those whose business it
was to milk cows were seldom afflict
ed with the disease ; and further in
vestigation proved tbat inoculation
did not take effect in those who had
accidentally taken cow-pox."., Jen
ner followed up the idea thus suggest
ed by experiment ; but his belief that
vaccination from the cow in the first
place, and then from one person to
another would protect against the
srnall-pcx, was ridiculed as an absur
dity lor sixteen years. He persever
ed, however, and in li9G vaccinated
a boy tight years, old with matter
taken from a milkmaid' hand. Tbe
child recovered satisfactorily, but
wa immediately inoculated for small
pox, but without te slightest ctfect
Jenner's discovery then became
widely known and practiced.
Although metiical opinion vary
somewhat in regard to this subject,
it is prcttv generally agreed that
the protection afforded by vaccination
is not perfect, is superior to any other
known ; that although tbe operaticn
once performed olten fails to give
security, yet it generally modifies the
disease, rendering it comparatively
mild and safe; and many physicians
are ot opinion that if tbe virus is thor
oughly inserted until itceases to af
fect the system, the person is protect
tccteilbr all time as cUectvfally as he
would be by an attack of small-pox.
[From the American Sportsman.]
HOW GUNPOWDER IS MADE.
Yon know that gunpowder is very
dangerous in a gun, or near a lire,
but perhaps you don t know tbat it
is equally dangerous all through tbe
process of making. A powder mil!
m a tearful place to visit, and stran
gers are very seldom allowed to go
into one. Ihey are built tar from
any town, in the woods, and each
branch of tlio woik is done in a sepa
rate building. These houses are quite
a distance from each other, so that if
one blows up. it won t blow ud the
rest, ihen the lower parts of the
building are made very strong, while
the roots are very lightly set on, so
that if it explodes only the roof will
suffer. But in spile of every care,
sometimes a whole settlement of the
powder mills will go off almost in an
instant, and every vestise ol the toil
of years, will be swept away in a few
But though you fee! like holding
your breath to look at it, It is really
a very interesting process to see. It
is made, perhaps you know, of char
coal, saltpeter and brimstone. Each
of these articles is prepared in a
house by itself ; but the house where
they are mixed is the first terrible
one. in thi building is an immense
millstone, rolling round and round in
an iron bed, ami urtler the stone are
put the threo fearful ingiedients of
gunpowder. Tuere they are thor
oughly nixed and ground together.
This is a very dangerous operation,
because if the stone oomes in contact
with its iron bed, it is very apt to
strike fire, and tbe merest suspicion
of a spark would set off the whole.
J he materials are spread three- or
four inches thick in the bed; the
wheel, which goes by water power, is
started, and every man leaves the
place. 1 he door is shut and the ma
chinery left to do its terrible work
alone. hen it has run leng enough,
the mill is stopped and tbe men
come back This operation leaves the
powder in bard lumps or cakes.
The next house is where the cases
are broken into grains, and, of course,
is quite as dangerous as tbo last one.
But tbe men can't go away from
this ; tbey are obliged to attend to it
every mome.it, and yon may be sure
no laugh or joke is ever beard within
its wel s. Kvtry one who goes in
has to take oil Lis boots and put on
rubbers, because one grain of the
dangerous powder, crushed by the
boot, would explode the whole in an
The floor of this Louse is covered
with leather, and is made perfectly
black by the dust of Ihe gunwowder.
contains a set of sieves, each one
smaller than the last, through which
the powder is sifted ; and an immense
ground and labcring mill, where it is
ground up, while men shovel it in
with wooden shovels. The machin
ery makes a great deal of noise,
but the men are silent, as in the other
houses. The reckless crashing of the
machinery even seems to give greater
horror, and one is very glad to get
out of that house.
Tbe stoving house is the next on
the list, and there the gunpowder is
heated on wooden trays. It is very
hot, and no workmen stay there.
From there it goes to the backing
house, and it is put up in barrels,
HOW SAFES ARE BLOWN OPEN.
The Trenton True American gives
the following concerning the late rob
bery of the Trenton Bank vault:
Mr. Lewia Lillie, now of Newark,
is the manusacturer of the heavy iron
work which guarded tbe entrance to
the vault, and also the bank safe, and
Mr. Strjker, President of the bank,
telegraphed to him to come on and
examine the place and give an opin
ion bow the mischief was wrought.
We were introduced to Mr. Lillie and
shown through the vault, and had the
construction of the outer and inner
door, and the bank also explained.
The outer door ot the vault weighs
one thousaud pounds, and must have
taken at least five men to have laid
it down by the side of the vault
where it was found. The burglars
first proceeded to screw on tbe floor
what is known as a step, or iron to
bold a brace, which is an upright bar
of wood. The brace was left by the
side ot the door, and was viewed
yesterday by many. The burglars
had marked the door, near the lock,
intending to break it. The lock ia a
combination one of more than ordi
nary power, but finding that wedg
ing would arswer their purpose
belter, they wedged powerfully from
the back of tbe door, and succeeded
in breaking j.he hinges and carrying
away the dogs which held the door
to tbe jams on the inside. It must,
Mr. Lillie thinks, have taken two
hours to break away that door, which
is two inches in thickness, and so
heavy that it is seen at once there
must have heen a perfect gang in the
robbery. Tbe inside doors of the
vault ar simply fire proof doors,
fastened by an ordinary lock, which
they wrenched off without much
Mr. Lillie examined '.he powder that
was left behind, and which was in
tended to be used, and he describes
it as ot the very finest quality of glaz
ed powder, so fine that the thickness
of a good thick piece of writing pa
per, whice would rest anywhere on
the jams of the safe, and permit the
door to be shut and locked, would
afford ample space ior the Injection
of a sufficient quantity of powder of
the quality the burglars left to blow
open the safe.
This may not be known to bankers
generally, but if they will apply this
test to their vault doors and to their
safes, they will be able to satisfy them
selves whether their securities are
available to burglars. It is, we are
informed, a mechanical impossibility,
tbe way safes and vault doors are
generally made, to fit tbem so as to pre
vent the injection of powder, without,
as a great cany are doing, applying
India rubber packing, which will pre
vent it unless there is application of
Capt. Andes w Hkatu, aged 93, the
oldest Freemason in Maine, is just dead.
THE OCEAN QUEEN MUTINY.
CoL Forney, in his " Anecdotes
Public Men." savs
The other day I called on Commo
dore Daniel Ammen, chief cf the
Bureau of Yards and Docks, and
asked him to tell me about the cele
brated mutiny on board the California
steamer Ocean Queen, in May
1 804 . This event, though of a recent
date, has been literally sponged
from the slate of the general memory,
though still preserved among the
records of the navy. A contingent
of over 200 men, most ot them
"roughs" who had served in the
army, and had volunteered for naval
service on the Pacific coast, were
shipped for their destination on
board the "Ocean Queen," in charge
of Commodore Ammen and a sub
ordinate officer. There were over
thousand other passengers, including
many ladies and children. Justice
Field, ot the United States Supreme
Court, was among the cabin passen
gers. The vessel itself was com
manded by a fine old seaman, Captain
Tinklepaugh. On the first dsy the
new recruits began to show dissatis
faction with their accommodations
and food, and ft was soon evident
that, under the counsel of two or
three desperate leaders, they were
preparing to seize anu rule the
steamer and the passengers. The
Captain proposed to run into one of
the nearest ports anu get nu ot tbe
dangerous conspirators, but this was
resisted by Commode re Ammen, who
bad the turbulent men in charge.
He quietly reasoned with them, and
assured them that as he was respon
sible for their good conduct, he
would see to their proper comfort,
but that if they resorted to violence
they would be severely punished.
He was so cool and kind as he made
this statement that they did not
think him in earnest, and proceeded
with their plans. Their chief, Kelly,
was a young fellow, six feet four
inches, very athletic and determined.
When the first demonstration was
made Commodore Ammen was in a
distant part of the vessel, and on
hearing the noise proceeded to the
scene ol action. There he found
Captain Tinklepaugh in tbe bands of
Kelly, who waa surrounded by the
other mutineers all evidently nnder
his orders and ready to proceed to
the worst extremities, ihe crisis
had come, and Ammen, seeing that
prompt action was necessary to save
the steamer and perhaps the lives of
the female passengers, drew his re
volver and shot Kelly dead on the
pot. One of bis immediate fol
lowers was killed at the same time.
The effect on the others was instan
taneous. They saw that the quiet
man who had them in charge was
resolved to enforce his authority, and
they quailed. He then briefly ad
dressed then;, telling them of bis de
termination, exhorted them to re
member their duty and their flag,
and was greeted with three hearty
cheers. After which, under his ad
vice, they went to their dinner. There
was, of course, great consternation
among the cabin passengers, but they
were soon assured by the calm de
meanor of Commodore Ammen. His
next step was to go straight among
the remainder of the mutineers, and
call out the leaders and order them
irons. One or two attempted to
resist, but when tbey saw tbat they
would soon be made to follow their
dead companions, who had by this
time been sewed in canvas and cast
overboard, they submitted. Tbe
whole affair occupied very little time;
and the commander, crew and passen
gers were so impresed by the resolute
courage of Commodore Ammrn that
they joined in a hearty commendation
his course. Justice Field himself
addressed a strong letter to tbe de
partment in earnest vindication of
wisdom and energy of his action
do not pretend to tell the story as
fell from Commodore Ammen so
modest and so clear. His printed
defense before the court martial,
which he demanded, is a model of
candor, acd was followed by his
unanimous acquittal. Had he been
weak or impulsive, the scene would
have ended,ia a grand tragedy, and
perhaps hundreds of innocent per
sons would have perished.
A CONTINENT COVERED WITH ICE.
Prof. Agassis comes to the conclu
that the continent of North Amer
waa once covered with ice tor a
mile in thickness, thereby agreeing
with Prof. Hitchcock, and other emi
nent geological writers concerning the
glacial period. In proof of this con
clusion, he says that the slopes of the
Allegheny range of mountains are
glacier-worn to the very top, excepts
few points which are above the level
the icy mass. Mount Washington,
instance, is over six thousand feet
high, and the rough, unpolished sur
face of its summit, covered with loose
fragments, just below the level of
which glacier marks come to an end,
tells that it lifted its head alone above
desolate waste of ice and snow.
Iu this region, theu, the thickness
the ice cannot have been much less
than six thousand feet, and this is in
keeping with the same kind of evi
dence in other parts of the country ;
when the mountains are much
below six thousand feet, the ice seems
have passed directly over them,
while the few peaks rising to that
height are untouched. The glacier,
argues, was God's great plough,
and when the ice vanished from the
tace ot the land, it left it prepared for
hand ot the husbandman.
rhe surface ot the rocks were
ground to powder, the elements of
sou were mingled in fair propor
tions, cranite was carried into lime
regions, lime was mingled with the
more arid and unproductive granite
districts, and soil was prepared fit tor
agricultural uses ot man. There
evidences all over the popular re
gion to show tbat at one period the
heat ot tbe tropics extended all over
globe. The ice period is suppos
to be long subsequent to this, and
next to the last before the advent ot
A CONTINENT COVERED WITH ICE. HOW A GREAT FIRM BEGAN.
An interesting foreign book ia the
'Memoir of Robert Chambers, the
noted Scottish publisher and editor.
is partly autobiographical, and
partly the narrative of bis brother
William, who tells the story of their
boyish fights with fortune in a simple
and sincere way which more famous
biographers woulddo well to study. Of
painful and bitter youth, Robert
Chambers himself could not bear to
speak ; he shared with Dickens that
nervous disinclination to recall a
wretchedness which made him old
before his time. William, less sensi
tive if not more generous, describes
with no hesitation the bare lodging
which, shaking with cold, and not
well nourished by their oatmeal,
two boys read and. studied in all
love and gravity ; how Robert began
self-supporting life aa a bookseller
sixteen, with a few old volumes,
wofully dilapidated and put aside as
useless by his people at home ; how
William established himself i busi
ness with a capital of five shillings,
and bow gradually grew np the great
firm which t Known oi ail men.
HOW WINDOW GLASS IS MADE.
If ever you visit Pittsburg,- is
Pennsylvania, you must go into the
window glass factories there ; you
will find them very curious. Their
furnace, in the first place, 1 budt ia
tha ancient stvle ; it has no chimney,
and the smoke from the bituminous
coal they burn pours out in a cloud
inf tha room. There ere openings
in the roof for it to escape through,
and a continual draught of sir from
the doors carries it upward, so that
it is not so bad for the workmen as
one would think. Besides, they do
not begin to blow until the smoke is
all burnt off.
There are five pots on each side of
the furnace ; and you will see five
men in a row, blowing all st once,
with the regularity ot a file of sol
diers exercising. ' Each gathers 30 or
40 pounds of metal on his pipe, which
is very long and strong. They stand
on platforms to get room to swing
the glass aa they blow it. The five
men begin to blow and swing all
together. Each blows a great globe
of glass, which is stretched out grad
ually by the swineine motion into a
cylinder or roller, as it is called, five
feet loDsr. Then the .five rollers are
swung up towards the furnace holes,
and five other soldiers spring forward
with their guns which in this case
are iron bars, tbat they set upright
under the five blowing pipes to sup
port them while the rollers are being
reheated in the necks of tffe pots.
The blowers blow in the necks of the
pipes with all their might, then clap
their thumbs over the holes to pre
vent the air from rushing out again ;
in the meanwhile the end of the
roller is softened, so that at last the
air. forced in and expanaea oy tne
heat, bursts it outward. The glass
is then a cylinder, open at one end.
It is whirled in the heat until the
edges become true, then brought
sway the five iron supporters drop
ping to the ground with a simultane
ous clan?. The cylinders were laiu
on tables, where the imperfect spher
ical end about the blowing pipe is
crscked off from the rest by a strip
of melted glass drawn around it
The cylinder ia then cracked from
end to end on one side Dy means oi a
red hot iron passed through it
In the adjoining building is wnat
called the flattening oven. The
cylinders brought there are lifted on
the end of a lever, passed in through
a circular opening just large enough
to admit them, and laid on flattening
(tones on the oven bottom, with the
crack uppermost The oven bottom
is circular, and it revolves horizon
tally. As the glass softens it sepa
rates at the crack, and lays itself
down gently and gradually on the
stone. The long cylinder is then a
flat sheet, three feet wide and nearly
five feet in length. There are tour
openings around the sides of the
oven, at one the glass is put in,
through another a workman sweeps
the stone for it, a third workman
smooths.it down with a block as it
comes round to him, and a fourth, at
the last opening, which is close to
the one at which it was put In, lifts
tbo sheet partly cooled by this time
upon a carriage in the oven. This
be does by means of a lever furnished
with sharp broad blades at the end,
which he works in under the glass.
When the carriage is full it is run
through an annealing oven beyond. .
The opposite end of the annealing
oven opens into the cutting room
There the carriages are pushed along
a central track, and unlocked at the
stalls of the cutters. The cutter has .
table before him with measure
marks on its edges. . He lifts one of
the sheets, lays it on a table, and
commences ruling it, faster than a
school boy rules his slate. His ruler
is a wooden rod, five feet long, and
his pencil poiut is a diamond. Every
stroke is a cut. Not that he cuts the
glass quite apart ; indeed he seems
scarcely to make a scratch. Yet
that scratch has tbe effect of cracking
the glass quite through, ao that it
breaks clean off at the slightest pres
sure. In this way tbe sheets are cut
up into panes of the requisite size.
I remember, one workman told me
that a single diamond would last
him two or three years. It has 15 or
16 different edges, and when one is
worn out he uses another. South
American diamonds, such as he uses,
cost, he told me, from six to thirty
dollars each; and when they are
worn out for his purpose, he sells
them for jewels to be put into watches.
HOW WINDOW GLASS IS MADE.-J. T. Towbridge.
[Washington Cor. Louisville Courier-Journal.]
GENERAL GRANT PERSONALLY.
But your correspondent boss to re
fer to the President merely as. a typi
cal head of his party, and not the in
dividual representative ot any rraud,
or job, or corruption. He has al ways
entertained the belief of the Presi
dent's personal integrity, and states
furthermore that an investigation into
his pecuniary affairs corroborates that
belief. He does this specifically to
justify his opinion, to do justice to a
political adversary, anu aiso to correct,
an an erroneous impression. The
President has been and is disposed of
this property, viz.: $100,000 donated
to him by the mercnants oi .new
York ; a house in Philadelphia, f-10,-
000, rented now at $2,400 per year ;
640 acres of land near St Louis, pur
chased, with all improvements, at less
than $50,000 ; one fourth of 120 acres
of land situated near Chicago, $5,000;
$5,000 stock in a Michigan iron com
pany; his Long Branch residence,
$30,000, and a small amount in Adams
Express and railroad shares. The
bulk of this property was obtained
through the gift made to him by the
New York merchants before he was
elected President, the real estate pre
sented to him in Philadelphia and in
Washington, and hw purchase of the
St Louis estate from his brother-in-law.
It is not impror to state more
specifically that the President's in
come,outide of his salary as President,
is about $0,000 per year. I make
these statements because it has been
charged by Mr. Wendell Phillips that
General Grant was worth $7Q0,000or
$800,000, and because I am satisfied
that statement ia untrue. Perhaps it
should be added to this that General
Grant is anything but an extravagant
man personally, and the story is tola.
The United States is the country,
par-excellence, lor newspapers and
their number is legion, almost every
village having its local press. In the
west they start a newspaper when
they build the first church and first
school-house, and plant their first
cornfield. This national trait was
fully illustrated as far back as the
Mexican war, when newspapers were
established wherever onr army pen
etrated, for there were plenty of men
in the ranks who could handle the
rifle and the composing stick with
equal dexterity. "Does there hap
pen to be a printer here f askea
poor dear old General Scott, on one
occasion, when ne wianea w nave a
proclamation "set up.. A printer I.
Fancy his simplicity ; more than two
hundred sturdy typos stepped two
paces to the front at the summons.