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THE JEFFERSONIAK : FINDLAY, HANCOCK COUNTY. OHIO, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 12, 1872.
Home and farm.
It U tmiTeraally admitted, atr
east Djail sensible persons, that far
mers retire a specific course ot edu
cation, oneadapted to their calling and
calculated to fit them for its purauits
as much as lawyers or doctors or
clergymen. Not that farming is a
matter of theory merely: it must! be
learned by practice as much as any
mechanical trade; but mere hand
work -will not make an intelligent far.
mer, nor -can 4t, as a general thing,
make successful one. Fanning is
both a science and an art. The eot
enoe cannot be learned simply by till
ing the soil, nor can the art be learned
It is by overlooking this combina
tion that some practical fanners on the
one hand hare decried agricultural
education, and on the other band sci
entific farmers have shown such a poor
fist at practical farming. Study and
practice, knowledge and apprentice
ship must go together to ensure the
In this connection we make a signif
" icant extract from an "Address to the
Agricultural Organizations in the Uni
ted States, prepared by the National
Agricultural Association at Nashville,
Oct. 3d, 1871," which was read at the
recent Convention at Washington,
X.C: , .,r
I " The history of the last quarter ot
a century records nothing ot more
importance to the world at large than
the rapid and wide spread uplifting of
the business of agriculture ,rora a con
dition wherein Soluier knowledge nor
skill were requisite, but only brute
force, to that wherein a wider range of
knowledge and a higher skill may find
ample employment, than is demanded
- in any other calling. : This is no vain
boast, but a fact standing out in bold
relief and challenging the attention ot
every thoughtful student ot the pres
ent times. The history of this upris
ing, though brief, is brimful! ot inter,
est and instruction. - It is not the re
sult of any one discovery, though ma
ny discoveries have contributed there
to; nor the product of anyone inven
tion, though many inventions have
aided. '. like all great results, it isthe
product of many combined forces-
the effect ot many far-reaching causes
To enumerate these were almost to
catalogue the arts and sciences, while
to detail their operations were to write
the history of ' the times; either is
much beyond our purpose. It suffices
to say that agriculture has come to be
recognized as a science and an art
second to none other known to man.
And, henceforth, the man who aspires
to the foremost place as an. agricultu
rist, must needs acquaint himself with
a wide range of sciences, and master
the principles of many arts. In other
words, the farmer now needs his
schools and his colleges as much as
the lawyer and the physician schools
and colleges, too, of equal grade and
wider compass. This is the meaning
of the movement that, in tne world of
education, marks the present from all
other times. Industrial schools and
colleges have arisen during the pres
ent century in every civilized country
throughout Christendom. Results so
wide-spread, and yet so uniform, can
only flow from a force deep-seated,
far-reachingandkresistible. That force
is the uprising of the industrial clasHec."
Sheep and Wool.
The few wool growers who kept up
their flocks . "on principle," through
the last four discouraging years, we
now jolly over the situation. Snch
persistent flock-masters as Thomas
Gorby, of Portage, Calvin Caswell, of
Erie, and Win- F. Greer, of Lake,
all of Ohio.have their dish right side
np for the shower of porridge.
I have a letter from a large wool
grower in Illinois, who kept np his fine
flock in Ohio, until patience ceased to
be a virtue, and then took them West,
from a ride
"I have just returned
on horseback through
Vermillion county, Ind., Vermillion,
Edgar, Douglass and Piatt counties,
III., in search of stock sheep, and have
to report that there are, at most, liter
ally no sheep of any kind to be found
in those counties, which, four 'years
ago, were among the largest wool
producing counties in the State. All
along my route of travel, I could bear
of where there had. been Socks of
from five hundred to several thousand
but three or four years ago, but all
are invariably known to have been fed
for mutton and shipped to market-
I learn from one of the principal buy
ers of Bloomington, that there was not
more than one-fifth U e amount'of wool
purchased in the market, from McLean
county, the past year, that there was
three years ago.
For the past four years, np to last
season, the dairymen of the West have
had the better of the wool growers
Last year was hard on the dairymen,
and now many of them are desirous
of going outof the dairy business anil
into wool growing. . To do this will
require a sacrifice at both ends of the
change, since they cannot well dispose
of their cows, and sheep are few and
dear, and the change - would be . like
that hazardous one of swapping homes
S. D. Hin
Evert meadow, every pasture, is a
battle field where plants of different
kinds are fighting for their chances.
Supply your friends with what they
want freely, and they will overpower
their opponents without further assis
tance. The washing down ,hy rain
from hilly, stony pastures of : soluble
mineral substances takes subsistence
from the plants we desire to encourage
Spread rich soil, guano, wood ashes,
upon a peaty swampy turf, where you
never before saw white clover or use
ful grasses, and suddenly they will
make their appearance without even
being sown. . They have been there
before,waiting only for a better chance,
but yon could not see them, for they
were overrun by coarser plants and
powerless from starvation.
Wk. T. Campbell writes the Rural
' Xem Yerker: ,"It is very seldom that !
' 1 1 Tm) W kjjereswhen barefoot
it sboald be the aim ot the horseshoer
to have the horse's foot, after the shoe
is on it; as it was before it was shod ;
so. instead of a heavy shoe, make one
as BghtasposIbk--,hoethe same
as running horses have. Shoe them
close, nd there wffl be no trouble.
I have cured animals tba. interfered
badly, in this way.
. The average price ot a sheep not
less than a year old has advanced from
2 75 to $4 56, in Vermont, since last
February one year ago. .
[From the American Stock Journal.]
The Morgan Horse.
There has been much discussion as
to the origin of the Morgan horse,and
yet we have very little knowledge on
the subject that is definite. What we
do know is, that about the beginning
of the.nineteeenth century, a man by
the name of Justin Morgan, whose
life was somewhat checkered turn
ing his mind to farming one season,
and perhaps teaching school the next
owned a little horse of wonderful
nerve, a dark bay, with black. If gs,
mane and tail, standing fourteen hands
high, and weighing about nine hun
dred and fifty poundsT" At this time,
Mr. Morgan lived at Randolph, Vt,
and his horse had much local celebri
ty. " He was a horse of great power
for one of his inches, was fleet of foot,
and was full of resolution, hie was
used chiefly under the saddle, but was
broken to harness. ; .
It was the custom to tun him short
races on the country-roads, and it is
said that he was never beaten in these
contests. It was also the custom to
test his strength by hitching him iu
front of heavy loads. Where the horse
came from and what was his breeding
are questions that are largely left to
conjecture. .There are many stories,
but we have learned to look upon them
in the light of tradition. If we could
put faith in common report, we should
discover as much romance in the life
of the horse owned by Justin Morgan
as Eugene Sue has thrown around the
life of the Goldolphin Arabian
Where there is room for mystery,
there is also room for blight fancy
sketches, for rosy pictures of romance.
The most plausible theory, however.
in resrard to the origin of the horse
which is known in history by the name
of his Vermont owner, Justin Mor
gan, is that advanced by Mr John
Morgan, a relative of Justin's. He
says that the horse was foaled in 1 793,
that his sire was True Briton, by the
imported horse Traveler, and that his
dam was of the Wild Air breed. If
this pedigree is correct, Justin Mor
gan was a well-bred horse. Of course
the pedigree is disputed, but as for
that matter, no pedigree could be
given to the horse that would not be
open to objection. All the facts in
his remarkable career point to a chan
nel of pure blood, and give the lie to
the story that he was a mongrel, was
of obscure origin. The life ot the
Justin Morrran was a strange one. It
was his lot to labor as tew horses have
labored participate in the excite
ments ot the race, to be petted and
abused, to revel at brief periods in
the delights of the stud, and, finally,
to be neglected in his old age, and to
die, caused by a kick in the flank
Old and poor as he was. he might
survived this injury had he received
any care ; but he was exposed to the
inclemency of a Northern winter, and
inflamation setting in.he lay down and
died. It was in the "winter of 1821,
and on ; the farm ot Clifford Bean
about three miles south of the village
of Chelsea, Vt, that the Justin Mor
gan breathed his last.
Whenever pruning has been neg
lected up to this time, it should now
be performed to save bleeding at the
cuts. But "better no pruning than
bad pruning.' Different species of
plants 'require different modes and
times of pruning. Grapevines and
ornamental climbing vines make rap
id growth during the early season ot
growth, and make a greater number
of roots than can mature ; hence in
spring there are many deal roots to be
cut out. When the plants cover the
allotted space tor them, the live roots
have all to be shortened, so as to make
the plants look tidy ; and that also
promotes greater quantity ot bios
soras, and the blooms are better dis
played and are more fragrant ; they
fruit more plenteously and the fruits
are better ripened and 1m tter flavored.
Fruiting trees need the branches
thinned out so that the sunshine and
air will get into the hearts of the trees.
When the trees are too much extend
ed, or are growing luxuriously, the
ends ot the branches are cut off a few
inches or a few feet, according to the
spread of the tree. . Stone fruit sel
dom need branches thinned out, but
they are all benefited by the ends of
the branches and twigs being cut off,
say from an inch to a foot cut off ; that
is called "shortening in prunirig. We
have seen a wonderful renovation of
old, decaying fruit trees within a few
years back,' upon the wealthy estate of
Gen. Pleasanton.ncar Philadelphia, by
pruning, scraping and washing the
stems and part of the branches The
trees are now in a most thriity and
fruitful Btate, and in the "full prime of
manhood," as it is called.
' In pruning shrubbery, all the species
whose blossoms are produced on top,
as the lilac, should only have the suck
ers cut out, and the branches thinned;
those whose blooms come out upon the
the side of the shoots, are cut on top
to shorten and make them more bushy.
Journal of the Form.
Alsike Clover in Michigan.
A correspondent of the Western
i&rctfsaysT ' '
"A year ago last ing I hesitat
ingly purchased enough ot the seed to
ow twenty-five acres, it taking at
the rate of four and one-third pounds
to the acre, at $ 1 per pound. I sow
ed in the month ot April, on ground
prepared for and sowed to wheat. I
harrowed the ground and - afterward
plastered it. Notwithstanding the dry
season, I cut from that ground about
forty tons of hay in July. I drew in
my barn five tons for feeding ; the
balance I stacked, and in September
threshed it and got eighty- five bushels
of seed. Before cutting, I brought in
some stalks which measured four feet
in length. The field on '-Inch it was
sown is high rolling land, soil dark
sandy loam I am feeding this winter
my entire stock, consisting of horses
and cattle, on the hay that was thresh
ed. They never thrived better or
.. i .i .i . i
wijr itoi wm uiy uu au..p- rCHent
time .t is free fc:luzz and w
ana mc stsjii-Tmiiit,, .i,. ,W .-invar
a green after the seed has rip
, and the cattle seize it with an
avidity that would plainly indicate its
superiority over the common red clo
ver. It is also excellent for the hon
ey bee equal to, if not surpassing the
white clover. " The first cutting pro
duces the seed, and, afterward, excel
lent pasturage but, if preferred for
hay, nnd no seed, it produces two
crop. With the knowledge.! have of
it, I would not recommend it for fight
yellow, sandy soil....-.-, -
M"ou well and plow deep if von
' w&nt to raise good crops.
Raise Fruit and Eat It.
The following sensible suggestions
in regard to fruit-raising is taken from
Coleman's World, and should Iw read
bv every person owning a rod square
of land :
"This is a fruit country. Nearly all
farmers may raise their own truit
Strawberries grow, or will grow, aL
most every wheie. They cun be canned
and so well preserved the whole year.
Apples, pears, peaches, can be raised
on most farms. There is no good
reason why fruit should not be as corn
This is a bilious country ; that is the
people who live here are specially
liable to bilious diseases. There is
perhaps no better preventive of bilious
diseases than the constant use of fruit
as a diet. - It corrects the acids and
juices of the stomach and agists di
gestion. It keeps the bowels properly
active and prevents that sluggishness
and torpidity which promote bilious
derangements. Fruit to do its best
office in the diet, should be eooked and
eaten as a part of the regular m al.
Thus used how delicinus it w How
it adds to the pleasures of a meal to
have it enriched with so delicate and
agreeable an article of diet ! How
chaste and elevating is the tendency
of such diet compared with one of
solid meat find bread. So it is ; the
best diet U really the pleasantest
therefore let fruits grow on our farms
and adorn and make pleasant all our
A Superannuated Queen.
I will give one case : I had a stock
that I supposed had lost their queen,
as I could find no eggs or unsealed
larva; in the liive ; I introduced a
queen in my niuai manner ot nitro-
cing, and to my surprise, on the
third day thereafter, I found her dead
in front of the hive. I then gave the
stock a card of eggs and unsealed
larvae, expecting them to raise a queen,
but they failed to start any cells. I
did not pay any attention to them for
a number of days, thinking to break
up the stock and give the combs to
new swarms. On opening the hive
to break them up I discovered two or
three worker larvae, a few sealed
workers, and five or six eggs, not yet
hatched, and among the rest a queen
cell with the larva, nearly ready to
I then went to searching for
queen, and after a long and frnitless
search, I found her Majesty, but
was several times on the point of giv
ing up beat. Now, the mystery was
solved. This stock had a superannua
ted old queen In those cases the
queen becomes very small, not larger
than a worker, hence the difficulty in
She had become sujeranmi&led and
ceased laying entirely, yet the bees
still clung to her as a mother, and did
not like to give her up ; but after a
long time, by some hocus pocus, in
duced her to lay a few eggs and com
menced to raise a queen to fill her
place. The cases are so numerous
where there are two queens in a hive,
a young fertile one and an old one,
that before introducing a new one I
examine closely for two
Washington as a Farmer.
The farm of General Washington,
at Monnt Vernon, contained ten thou
sand acres of land in one body equal
to about fifteen square miles. It was
divided info farms of convenient size,
at the distance of two, three and five
miles from the Mansion House. He
visited these farms every day in picas-
ant weather, and was constantly enga
ged in making experiments for the im
provement of agriculture. Some idea
of the extent ot his farming operations
may be formed from the following
facts: In 1 767 he had five hundred and
eighty acres ot land in grass ; sowed
six hundred bushels of oats ; seven
hundred acres - with wheat end as
much more in corn, barley, potatoes,
beans, peas, Ac , and one hundred and
fifty with turnips. II is stock consisted
of one hundred and forty hoises; one
hundred and twelve cows ; two hun
dred and thirty-six woiking oxen,
heifers and steers, and five hundred
sheep He constantly employed two
hundred and fifty hands, and kept
twenty lour ploughs going during the
whole year, when the earth and the
state of the weather would permit.
In 1780 he slaughtered one hundred
and and fifty hogs for the use of his
own family, and provisions lor his ne
grocs, for whose comfort he ha I great
Growing Potatoes Under Straw.
After planting apiece of ground in
the usual way last spring, a friend
told me that by covering the ground
from six to tight incites deep with
straw, it would prevent the ravages
of the Colorado potato bug. I accor
dingly covered one half the patch
with straw. I soon found, however,
that I had to fight the bugs on this
part of the ground the same as the
other, which I did by catching them
twice a week.
When digging time came I found
that those covered with straw yielded
full one-third more than the others,
and were much larger and of mote
uniform size The digging required
less than half the labor, as the potatoes !
lay almost entirely above ground. At
the time ot covering with straw(wbich
was immediately after planting,) I
placed some hills between the rows
which I did not cover with earth, but
they did not amount to anything. I
placed a few of each kind on exhibi
tion at our annual Fair, with a de
scription of the mode of cultivation.
H. Eaton, in Western Farmer.
The Cedar Rapids Observer says :
"Joseph Shuey,in the edge of Benton
county, Iowa, raised from eighty acres
of land, on sod ground, f 73 busheU-ci
barley, G86 bushels of wheat,' 200
bushels of oats, 1,800 buhcis'of corn,
.0 Dusneig ot potato 70 gallons of
SCgto7and 12 tons ot hay, besides
"some other little things "
The Massachusetts Ploughman sen
sibly says of underdrawing : "One im
port ant advantage of the undcrdrain
is, that it ic at work when the top of
the ground is frozen, when, of course,
a surface or open drain is inactive ,
thus making the subsoil so dry and
pojons that when the frost comes out
of the water it drops through at once
and leaves the ground dry."
Cbi-kkt, with most families, is an
important crop, and should ikj 6own
about this time. A very rich, moist
spot, that win ue snaaeK irom me
mid-day April sun, should be chosen;
or a box in a frame by those who have
Correspondence Cincinnati Post.]
There is no fruit that can be to
easily raised as strawberries and none
that pays so well lor any extra
care bestowed upon their cultiva
tion. They can be grown with toler
able success on all kinds of soils and
iu almost any climate. It has not
been many years since strawberries
were extensively cultiva'ed for market
purposes. Hundreds of acres are now
cultivated in the vicinity of all our
large cities and the truit is readily
disposed of at paying prices. Twen'y
five hundred tons were shipped to
Chicago last year, and were either
consumed in the place or forwarded
to other towns farther north. Every
farmer could be abundantly supplied
with strawberries with little expense
or labor. The nse of small fruits ot
any k'.nd during the summer saason is
more economical and health I ul than
the stronger food usually found on the
farmers' table Fruit h the best medi
cine that can be used to improve the
digestion, prevent fever and billious
attacks. "It never clogs the appetite,
it never clogs the stomach, it never
constipates the bowels. It strength
ens, elevates and enobles the man "
Any land that will produce a good
crop of corn or wheat will produce a
fair crop of strawberries. New land
will produce the largest crop with the
least amount of labor. Clay lands are
the best, as they are least & fleeted by
the drouth. Strawberries require
considerable moisture during the
bearing season to insure a full crop ot
fine fruit Poor sands may be made
to produce good crops by thoroughly
mixing well rotten manures with the
Mil before pliuiling. The laud should
be ploughed deep and well stirred
before planting ; should be as mellow
and loose as a garden, free from weeds
and grass particularly white clover.
The more thorough the preparation
of the soil, the less labor will be re
quired to cultivate the crop. Furrows
should be made three and a halt or
four Jcet apart . and six inches deep.
The crop could be greatly increased
on thin land, by partly filling the fur
row with leaf mould " or soil from
around decayed stumps or logs. Wood
ashes sprinkled along the furrows
before planting and mixed with the
soil in the bottom of the furrow, is au
Select young plants of . the last
year's growth trim of the ends of the
roots and pinch out the fruit buds be
fore planting. Set the plants fifteen
or twenty inches apart in (he sun,
carefully spreading out the roots, cov
er with loose, moist dirt,and press the
dirt down around the plant, but be
careful not to cover the crown of the
plant The roots ot the plants should
net be exposed to the sun or wind
nnder any circumstances.
Strawberries should be planted as
early in the spring as the ground can
be put in good condition.; However,
they can be successfully planted any
time in April. Fall planting some
times docs well, but for field culture
the spring is always to be prelerred
The Wilson's Albany is now conce.
ded by all- fruit-growers to be the
most profitable variety to cultivate
for market. Barr's New Pine, Mc
Avoy's Superior and Triumph DtGand
are excellent varieties for family use.
some varieties succeed well in some
localities and fail in others. The Al.
bany has given better satisfaction
than any other strawberry. There
are a great many worthless varieties
advertised in the horticultural papers
and many others that may succeed
will in certain localities.
How strangely we overlook the val
ue ot the liquid excrement of our ani
mals ! A cow, nnder ordinary feeding
furnish, s in a ear 20,000 pounds of
solid excrement,and about 8000 pouuds
of liquid. The comparative money
value of the two is but slightly in favor
of the solid. This statement has been
verified as truth over and over again
The urine cf herbivorous animals holds
nearly all the secretions of the body
which are capable of producing the
rich nitrogenous compounds eo essen
Hal as forcing or leaf forming plants.
The solid holds the phosphoric acid,
the lime and magnesia which go to the
seed principally ; but the liquid, hold
ing nitrogen, potash and soda, is need
ed in forming the stalk and leaves.
The two forms of plant nutriment
should never be separated or allowed
to be wasted by neglect. The larmer
who stves all the urine of his animals
doubles his manutial resources every
year. Good seasoned peat is of im
mense service to farmers, when used as
an absorbent, and the stalls for animals
should be so constructed as to admit
ot a wide passage in the rear, with a
generous passage-room for peat, to be
Journal of Chemistry.
Care of Young Fruit Trees.
Young fruit trees for the first two
or three years after "transplanting,
should, before hard winter sets in,
be protected against any undue quan
tity of water, especially in low situa
tions. This can be best done by mak
ing a small hillock of dirt around the
stems sufficient to throw off the water
and not let it settle about the roots
We have known young trees to . be
killed by constant emersion in water
through most of the winter, and have
frequently known them to be stunted,
from which many of them never n
tirely recovered. On theother hand,
in summer these trees should have the
soil slightly bowled out around them,
in order that they may have a more
abundant supply of water than they
would otherwise obtain. If we expect
to be successful in fruit raising we
must adopt all the means attainable to
An intelligent and thrifty fanner
tells in a few words how he kept his
boys at home and made farm lite not
only endurable but attractive to the
youngsters. The lesson is well worth
heeding. He says: "But 'for the co
operation of my boys I should have
failed. The eldest U nearly twenty
one, and other boys in the neighbor
hood, younger, have left their parents;
mine have stuck to me wheu Iluost
needed their services. I attribute this
result to the fact that I have tried to
make home pleasant for them. I have
furnished them with attractive and
useful reading; and when night comes,
and the day's work is ended, instead
ot running with other boys to the rail
road station and adjoining towns they
gather around the great lamp, and
become interested iu their books and
'5" & cv
J. W. DAVIDSON
Havme Dnrchnsed the Interest ..
Martin, of the Una ol Davidson a m..i..
would Inform the public thai lit- has filled iiu
t ill, rmiin "
IN HYATT'S BL0CK,1
WITH A t-'I'l.L a n,l t'OMrLETK stuck OK
. ' j
And EY ERATH IXU usually kept iu
First Class Crockery Store.
Ofall Styles o ml l':ilierna
Ill entiles variety of Sixes mil style
All of which will be sold
Cheap for Cash Only.
AGENT FOR THE
Manhattan Silent SEWING
May 5. 4STl-tf.
A reward of One. Thousand Dollars
will be paid to any Physician who
will produce a medicine that will
supply the wants of the people bet-
ier umn uie article Known aa .
Celebrated Blood CleanserorPanacea
It must be a better Cathartic,- a better Altera
tive, a belU-r isudorilir, a better Dlaretic, a
better Tonle, and in everyway better than
the Panacea. No matter how long it lias
been In use or how lately discovered. Above
all It must not contain anything not purely
V EUCIA KLC
A reward of Five Hundred Dollar will be.
faid tor a medicine that will iernianent
y cure more casos of CoKiivfciieNK, t'on-
HtipjUlon.Hirk.and Nervous Headache, lAvet
Complaint, Bilious Disorder?. Jaundice, Khen
iiialtHin. iouU DvHeulerv. Cblibt and Fever.
Tmj Won n. s lioibi. Tumors TeUent, Uloen,
More, ruins in me iintt,aiue anu nenu.nnu
r emote vttmpnutiu uiau
Which is used more extensively by practicing
pnyxicmns man any oilier popular meuicine
Ask for Fahmey'n Piiuacea
And cleanse yonr Blood. Price, ft 23 per
bottle. Highly recommended. Prepared for
Western Trade by Ir P. Fahrnev. Chicago,
iuh., hdu uiiio ana r.asiem -rraue nv
DR. P. FAHRNKY'8 BRO.S.4C0.
Waynesboro, Franklin County.Peni;
akk ror iir. r. raiirney'a Hlooa cieansei
muueai w aynesooro, ra., anu Lmcago, ins
"Dr. P. Fahrnry't Health Mrumgrr rlvefc
tne nuiiory ana uses ot the Hiooi
Clkanskk, testimonials, and othei
information, sent free ot charge.
Sold by wholesale and retail dealers,
W. L. Miller & Co., Druggists
JolySU'71-ly.. FINDLAY, O.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
For Diseaasa of the Throat and Irangs,
sucn aa Cougha, Colds, Whoorng
Cough, Bronohitia, Asthmiv
- and Consumption.
I'nilKtbly bctct before in the -whole history of
mods-inc, ha any tiiio won so we)y and to
dei-ply uHn the uMilidcnco of mankind, as this
exwlkvit nnieily tor pulmonary complaints.
Through a King scries ef years, anl among most
of the races of iucn it lias'rifrcn hifrner ami nigbcr
in Uieir estimation, at. it has become better known,
lis uniform diameter ami power to rare the va
rious affections of the lungs and throat, have
made it known as a rcbalrie protector against
them. V lule adapted to milder forms of uieease
and to yonng children, it is at the same time the
most cueclual remedy that can he given for incip
ient consumption, and the dangerous affections
of tiic tlintnt and lungs. 4 a provifioa against
sudden attacks of frnup. It hliould lie keK on
h.-uid ia every tamilv, and Indeed as all are some
times t-object to colds and congas, all should be
provided wilb tliis antid'Xe for them.
Although settled C'MMpffai is thought In
curable, still great numbers of cases where the
disease seemed settled, have been completelv
cured, and the patient restored to sound health
by the Cherry I'rrloral. so roniplcM is its
niaktery over the disorders of the Lnmn and
Throat that the mofj obstinate of them yield to it.
When nothing cUo conhl reach them, under the
Chrrry Pectoral they sobsklc and disappear.
Hingm nnd I'ublie Speakers Had great
protection from it.
Anthmn is always relieved and often wholly
cured by it.
lirtmchitis is gencrallv enrol by taking the
Clierrtf Pectoral in small and frequent doses.
So generally are its virtues known, that we
need not publish the certificates of them here, or
do wore than assure the public that its qualities
arc fully maintained.
- - '
Ayer's Ague Cure,
For Fever and Ague, Intermittent Fever,
Chill Fever, Remittent Fever, Dumb
Ajriie, Periodical or Bilious Fever, Ao,
and indeed all the affections which arise
from malarious, marsh, or miasmatic
As its name implies, it does Cure, and docs not
fail. Containing neither Arsenic, Quinine, Bis
muth, Zinc, nor any other mineral or polsonons
substance whatever, it in nowise injures any pa
tient, 'i ne nmnucranu imHnniiee oi as cures
in the ague districts, arc literal! y beyend account,
and we lielievc without a parallel in the historv
of Ague medicine. Our pride is gratified by the
acKnowicugmcnts we receive i uie rauirai cures
effected in obstinate cases, and where other rein-
euies ns-i ?snoily lauol.
Lnacclimated persons, either resilient in, or
travelling throngh miasmatic localities, will be
protected by taking the AiiliK VI KK dailv.
For Zirer Complaint, arising from torpid
ity of the Liver, it is an excellent remedy, stimu
lating the Liver into healthy activity.
For Bilious Disorders and Liver Complaints, it
is an excellent remedv, producing many trui
remarkable cures, where other medicines hai
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ater Co., Practical
and Analytical Chemists, Lowell, Muss., and
com au rounu ue worm.
PRICE, Sl.OO FEB BOTTLE.
Oct. 28, 1870 24yl.
ABE TELE BEST IX USE
T' BLACK ft CO."S Spheroidal Spectacle,
i. are made of the best materials, uniform
iu densitv. and of a hieher refractive Dowor
their perfect pollxb and spheroidal shape fuly
adapts them to the case and Improvement o
To be had only of G. W. Kimmel,
Hancock comity, at
K1MMT.L.TJ JJiWEliUYHTUK K
Jon 1711 . fi r y : i: '
i. ) r- au r. - k
,, ,, , , ., ..
ALL KIN'DSof Watch and Clock Repairing
and all Jobbing belonging to his lins
don nwitly, promptly, and Warranted, at
U. W KIMMCO.I '
(10 AM) II TDB M PLOW FOB 1872
Called the " GIBES IMPERIAL ! "
BUCHER, GIBBS & CO., Canton. Ohio,
rtNU Full SALK BV
Who are their :nitlioi iveil agents,
Ko farmer should fail to see them before buying. They are the most complete convertible
plow in use, cun bechanced from an all Mml i.. ....... t.inii.. . .,, i,..
V"rT?: XHry Pi"?r,".a" lSt,usea W.U,J or without
and In nod or stubbie. Thousands hnve nrMiiv
satisfaetion than any plow in the market.
uy riinnKingine pans thus auviiig the expense of several kinds ol plows to suit tiieditter
ent kinds ol plowing.
EVERY PLOW FULLY WARRANTED.
THE jTpS TIIK
AFFIDAVIT OF SUPEBIOEITY OVER ALIi OTHERS
Against Steinway's,Chickering's and all Others.
We, the undersigned, make OATH, that at the time of the last Fair of the American Iruti
tute, held In New York, immediately following the trench Krpotitioit in Paris, two Pianos,
made by Stein way A Sous, one Piano made by f bickering ft iSous.one Patent Arion Piano
madeby U. C Manner, and several other mukt-iv :i.Mr:iiients were tried against each
other, by order and under control oftheotlirersol the Institute, to decide which Piano on
exhibition in competition should receive the First Premium "u the bett Square Piano knotm."
To obtain an impartial trial, fu-trrallof said Pianos, were covered with papers, so that one
Pinnoeould not be distinguished from another, (during the absence of the Judges) and twice
did they select oneof said Pianos as the best, which, upon uncovering, both timet, proved to
be the said PATENT AKION PIANO, awarding It "The tint Premium" over all others for
being the best Stjuare Piano known to them.
This trial was after Checkering Sons' Piano had received the Legion of Honor and Med
al, andHtelnwav & Hons the Medal from Napoleon ; and the Judges of said trial were
KDWAKD MOLDEN HAULER, Prof. 01 Music, Musical Director and Originator of the
New York and Brooklyn -Conservatories of Music.
CHAKLKH FKADEL, theemlncntand favorite Composer and Planiast to his Royal
Highness tlie Due Ouslaveof Hax Weimer, Eisenach.
EKEDK.IUCK it. BHANDIES, Professor of Music; Teacher ol the Hghcr School oi
Music, Ac, Ac.
A.D. BESEMAN, Organist at Cathedral, Jersey City; Pianist, xc.
JULIUS NEUHARDT, AUGTTST URCTENEBERO CHAS. SOLDWEDEL.
HENKY MILLER, KOBEKT KIEOEK. KOBEttX MOENNEG
U. C. MANNER, (nrcntornnd J'utcnteeof the Arion Piano Forte.)
Kworn before me this 'J2d day of July is6tf. U. U. TAYLOR, Commissioner of Deeds.
The Patent Arion Pianos
ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE
AMERICAN CONSERVATORIES OF MUSIC, HS YORK CITY
The most severe test a Piano can receive is
constant use in a Conservatory.
HEAD THE FOLLOWING.
It affords me much pleasure to give yon these few lines as a very sincere testimonial
for the Piano Fortes of your manufacture. We have now used the"PaTKjT A Rio Pianos"
In our Conservatories for a year, and have had a fairopportunity of testing their durability
during that time. The Pianos have been played npon almost constantly, from morning
till night, and a piano must Indeed be a good one when it will bear such constant use with
out showing sigusof defection. As for remaining In tune.it outrivals any Piano known
The peculiar sweetness of tone In the treble (as compared to other Pianos with the or
dinary metal agraffe arrangmenl is so striking that I have bad pupils remark, while taking
their lessons, that although they had at home what they supposed to be one of the best make
of Pianos, still the treble was very wirey-toued compared with the "Arion."
What makes them still more desirable Is their uniform volume of tone, which enables
an arrest to perform a composition In Untrue character.
In total, I canconscientiouslv endorse all that is claimed by the Arion Piano Forte
Company for their superb instruments, as I consider them superior to any other make.
Congratulating yon upon the great success
penect an instrument. i remain yours, very
New York, September!!!, i:!7H.
To all Piano Manufacturers in the United States.
IT IIFREAS. the Arion Grand ami Square Pianos were again awarded the Premiums and
1 w Medals at the late Fairot the American lustltuMts ther were In IH7 . nml
Whkkkas, my object in exhibiting Patent
ineni iuuy testeu uy a uiorouzu impartial trial, in apuouccontesi, man to obtain premium
WlIKKKAfl, some (so-called) best makers refuse U compete or exhibit, and aa I believe
am now manufacturing the best Orand, Square
wuiiuub nil, cui:iiiuii,uiiu in i vuruiij wt-niro , i'n,vo me correctness oi my opinion,
while assisting a deserving charitable institution. I therefore this dav, and for thirty days,
challenge all manufacturers of Pianos, to a public, professional, and mechanical trial against
I be Patent Arion Pianos, upon the following terms, viz: Trial to take place in the City
New Yop.k. Themanulacturer of the best Uraud Piano to become the owner of all Orand
Pianoscnlered iu competition. The maniifactner ol the best Mquare Piano to become the
owner of all Square Pianos entered In competition, and the Uprights upon the same terms.
One professional and one mechanical judge to be selected by each competitor. Judges
be sworn to declile upon the merits o( the instruments. When the trial of tone and touch
takes place, every piano to lie covered so as to
construction anu worKmansinpiaKes place,
oe present nimseii, to explain to tuejuuge tne menu or nis pianos, and the faults In any
other. Expenses of trial to be borneequally by each competitor. Hall for trial to be selected
by the Judges; date for trial to be named by
aeciarea to ne tne uest.to give an tne rianosto tne Mayor or the city or New York, to be sold
as he he may direct, ami the proceeds to be appropriated to the Department of New York
u.i.i:. i .... i. ...
N. B. We caution the pnblic from purcuasinga cheap Arion. which has recent! v been
put In the market, bearing the name "Arion." All genuine Arion Pianos bear tne name
"Patent Arion," and can only l purchased from our New York Warerooius,or our authoriz
es 4ieiu luruuK'iuui mc 1 mii ninies.
ARION PIANO-FORTE CO.,
No. 5G4 Droadway, New York City.
These Splendid Pianos can be Obtained only of
P. B. ZAY, FINDLAY, OHIO.
February 9, lm
THE! AG-US !
CORY, Findlay, O.,
and where samples ran lie seen.
a steel coulter; will work for 2or 3 horses
h..n ..!.! un.i w . ...
They can Is adapted to any kind of soil idinnlT
you have obtained In the manufacture of so-
iruiy, lir..rll SCHRODER, Director.
Arion Piano at this Fair being more to have
and upright Piano Fortes in the country.
render recognition lmposlble. When trial
eacn competitor to have one representative,
thejudges. The owneror owners of the Pianos
i . v . 1.1 .-v ..1 r, rv.
Manulactnrero'th Patxnt Arion Plnnn
C. E. RKYHOCB.
ALSO DBA LEES IK ALL KINlKOt
Rough &Dressed Lumber,
Lath. Shingles, Etc.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND
N. B. We manufacture all kinds of finish
tor Joiners' use, such a MOULD1JIOS, AK
CHITKAVES. CASTINGS, BASH. CORNICE,
Etc- BRACKETS. and all kinds of SCROLL
Plans and Details for Build
i inga furnished withont
Where we furnish Lumber for the same. -
Highest Market Price
. Paid tor all kinds of Lumber
Office and Yard
West Cr Stree, North Side,
3-ly. FINDLAY", OUIO
'"Ail are Interested !
Ayy ONE wishing; to purchase a Watch,
Clock, or Jewelry, should call on
G. W. Kimmel,
4-l,o takes pleasure In showing goodr, and
warrants every thing to be as he represents.
" Elgin Watches.
w.ffv a specialty of the Elgin Watch
T ,he best in the market. OrtI and see it-
LUMBER WANTED !
G W. MYERS
W. II. .WHEELER
Have formed a Partnership for the pur
pose of Buying and Dealing lu
Hard Wood Lumber
Thov are now nroDaroil lo contract for fn
tare delivery, or will
Every day for any amount of
Black and White WALNUT,
White ASH, Etc., Etc.
Will represent them with tiower td contract
or transact any business for them.
nnuiay.inov. 17, ll-tr.
OKGAXS ! MEI.ODF.O.XS !
J- AM AOEJTT FOK
ORGANS AND MELODEONS
Manufactured by the
Best Companies in the Country,
Which I sell at the rawest Living Prices
for CASH, or on monthly or quarterly nav-
ments, to suit purchasers. All instruments
euaraateeU tm 61 ve
All who intend pnrcbasine: will And It tn
their own interest to see me.
When abaent from town, orders may be left
t Frey Ettinger's Drag Store.
Oct. 20, Tl-fra.
JAMES J. JELI.ET.
from the City with the largest stock of
tYntcbes, Clocks and Jewelry,
ever seen in Findlay.
G. W. KIMMEL.
The place where they keep the largest stock
A LA ROE VARIETY of the celebrated
Beth Thomas Clocks: also, clock. 7.7 . n
sty lesand prices, at O. w. aHMMEL'S.
(jun 2 71J
The M and Winter
I rfMORRISON & l J ( I f - nsl ,
n"?$ &s HI inm ; ; i HoniaB & Uill J
MORRISON & TANDBNBUBCS
Tuey are now receiving, uad keep constantly or hand, a Full Supply of
The EXTENSION, SENATOR, LEADER, JUBILEE, SOVEREIGN, IM
PROVED MONTANA, and many other First-Class COOK STOVES.
The Wild Rose, as a FAKLOK COOK STOVE, baa aoeqial. We have a line aortmett
s-w -m- mT aT sSH rfl stf'W "WT V 7
I All jL. O K. AJVD HJAii
And an Endless Variety of Tin, Sheet Iron
LARD CANS are the
and Copper Ware.
best ever offeree
"WOIEjIF 5c POWELL.
At the Old Jacksoa Foundry,
C. S. & C. Kaiiroaa .uepos,
mi.. T i. tHatt attbk TVToriO I 1 l ErULtibL
Easiest Run! worns jquauy w en m
What the Farmers say
ilrxrrx. Wolf ."'.nafacturcd
Hi. JACKSOH STLLL S
It works equally well In all aimtouf grounu.
would not nse any other.
Best Plow for
Mrnr: Wolf Powell, VenUemen
The JACKSor r
now. uoin ?... wark
an easy running riuw e
A Good Plow. , ,
xr, TnhnHeek ot Klmllay Township, oneof the best larmer in the eonnty, has tried the
JACKSON iwanJ I pronounces U .uperior to any Flow h. ever se.l.
Wouldn't Take a Fortune for It.
STEEL FLOW It Is the best Plow I ever used.
M, Joel Pendleton say. the JACKSON Sl'EEL PLOW is an excellent Plow for all kinds of
work, an d vf.7i.-imhe'j ACKSON STEEL TLOW i the best ever Uitro-lnced in tl.iseoon-
! Jf Olfcer. The Mlaaua i " HENKY N LSS, Liberty Tp.
try. for all kind of work, I want no other. '
., n.The JACKSON STEEL PLOW can't be beat for general nse. I have tried
will nse any
Wwld'l D W
thont I.-Thvld Sherlck. of Wborty
indueed toue any other low aner uwiw
Hancock couniy, auuauoum w
THE OLD JCKSOjST
. . r.. th. ht Portable Wood
East Crawford Street, Near
......... . , .,- - .. .,
Jan. ltt-3 m.
EVERYBODY jlE&DJHE FOLLOWING !
ptjrnitu in: i J o o .i s !
Manufactures and deals in all kinds of
mh, mvited to call and examine his large and unrivalled stock He intends to
eonSSUySn hand and manufacture to order furniture of every description :
Dressing Bueaus; Centre Tahles, Wash Stands; Wardobe:
Sofas ana aociaoier; ?
Bedsteads, every variety, rarior s juiwibu r murine, u. hj
" .1 " .r.ho. -ill fw. found second to
inoiii,. ........ .hiuhmeni
Sole Agent for the Celebrated
WOVEN "WIRE MATTRESS,
. isTtv rj vf ttotss EVER MADE. Call and seeit
The Beat. Easiest, Uieanesi A
Shop and aies nouiun
Findlay, Ohio, Agust 4, 1871-3m.
AN ESTABLISHED FACT !
Has just received a large addition
to bis numeroua customers, in everything in his line. He has a carefully
ALSO A CHOICE
A5D A OXSKRAL ASSORTS
H ATS -4 Nil
His stock of Piece Goods comprises the finest assortment of
to be found in FiDdlaj.
He has secured the services of Mr. L. J. BEICKMAN, the liest
Cutter and Fitter in Northern Ohio, and being himself a practical tailor of
ife-Iong experience, will
GUARANTEE ENTIRE SATISFACTION,
in every particular.
Wilson's Block, East Side of
Simmons' Hardware Store.)
August 25, 1871-U,.
STEEL PLOW !
East Crawford Street,
who have usedThem
by yon i the best for all work tliat I ftnaxd
Never does, ami scours easily in wet soil. I
wer cob. uuJAseKK l:iNSB. TToM.
EL 'PLOW which I parchaW of yon Is all that mn l looked tor In any
I. MILLtK, Liberty township.
I conld not be
. -"r. farmer who wihes to do good work
It is by far me nesi now vrr
Bw In the market, iron wk"
:et. Iron Double Shovel P
Mnai ah woricdoneina rirewiwrui j-
Sandusky Railroad Depot.
, ; rT
and ol the verv best material, which warrants
none in the county, anu 1 win sen rneap uj
in Hancock county. Olve lllJ cil wrore
f u E. U UK.
to Lia stock, and is prepared lo give
THE LATEST STYLES OP
FURNISHING GQ JDS.
Sec, &c, &c
Main Street, (one door South ot
A Great Medical Discovery.
PR WALKER'S CALIFORNIA
J. Wma,Pnnm. tlktoiutl!,lniiMirf
-" "-in -1 "il in 1 11 I II nin m ul it t
tMaox sear Til.n ta tawclr
Weaderfal CsraUrc Efleeta. ' V '
IBaaro sntaTi Tmmey rtmk, jfade of rw
vFatakey, Promt Spirits mm Ktnw
jBSsrs.doetoRd, pice sadnreetaMd toslesntlw
tsrto, called "Tooici," " Appettren." " Botoren," 4x.
that lfd thstlpplereBtoamntennf ind ruin. bara
tras Mcdldae, aude from the bsuts rooes sad herbs
at California, free. Craas an Aleakwne Sttn.
laata, Tbey an the OKCAT BLOOD rTttt
FICK aaa A L1II erVZXO PKEXCIPUB,
a perfect Beavrator sad Iirrigorator of tba 8ycm.
carrying off all potaonoosmatttr sad resforinf tbe Mood
to a healthy eoadinon. Ho person esa take that Bit
ten according to directions. And remaia lona-Bowell.
prorided their bones ara aot de Mimed by adneral
poina or otter meaao. ana tbevttat organs wsttod
brrosd the point of repair.
Toaie.pomdng also, the peculiar mem of acting
a a powerful agent la reneruig Congestion or Inam
matloa of the Lirer. and all the ITeeCTml Organs
FOR RlUUCOaPUnTs, wbether la
yoongoroU. married or slarle, at the dawn of woman.
hood or at too turn of Ufa, Umm Tonic Bitters ham as
ra- laHnatatatoary mad Caraala Jkianns
tlaaa auad Gnt, Jfyaawaalat aa lalaaslaaa,
Buiasaa. Kewdttea aid IaitoraalUaaa r.
vera, Dlaeaiea mf th Itlaia. llrer, KlaU
eyaad Bladder, theaa tlttera hare been saoat
aueceaafol. Sateh SlaeaaeaareeansedbT Vttlattr
Blaad. which IsgeaeraUy produced by derange uest
of lae Dla-Mtlve Orxmaa.
DTSrEPSIA OK HDICBITIOy. Head-
arhe, rain la the BbooJder. Conghs, TIghtneaiof the
Cheat, Oinlneat, 8oar:Eraetationa of th Stomach.
Bad Taste In the Mouth, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation ot
Has Heart, Inflammation of the Lanza, Pain la tan
legions of the aUdneys. and a bandied other painral
tympana are the ofanringa of Djsueuala,
They Invigorate the Stomach and the torpid
Lfrer and Bowels, which reader them of aneoaailed
effleacy in cleansing the blood of all imparities, and ha
parting new life and vigor to tba whole system.
FOK SKZW BIH EASES, Ernptlons, Tetter, Salt
Cheana. Blotches, Spots. Ftmples, rnatales. Boils, Car
banclca Bing-Worms, Scald Head. Sore Ejes, ErysipeV
as. Itch, ScoTfs, Discolaraiionsof the Skin. Boraon and
Dtscaacsof the Skin, of whatever name or aanrr ara
literally dog op and carried oat of the system m a short
time by the nse of these Bitten. On bottle la each
cases will convince the most loereduloos of their eara.
tire effects. "
Cieanae uie-Titlated Blood whenever von dud Its ha
pnrities bursting tbrrmeh the akin In Pimples, Ernp-
and ainvjrnh in the veins; cleanse tt when It a foot,
and four feelings will tell yon when. Keep the harna
wuie nr ruiw cn-miw n wnn jon una II oosrrnctea
yur,-. auu ini Dcaiui ul ma iTwm will lOllOW.
Pla. Taae SLasl atarvWMH.tarthi..ifc,
STstem of so many tlHssandA are effecroallv destroyed
and removed. 8ays a dntinrnsiried plrrslolos3ist.
there Is srarcely an individual open, the face of the
earth whose body s exempt from the aisai or
worms. It is not npon the healthy elements of the
bel? that worms exist, hot npon Uie diseased homors
and slimy deposits that breed these livinc monsters of
dwease. Ne erstem of Medicine, no vermifuges, no
anthelmintlea, will Ire the system neat worms Ilka
SOLO BT ALL PRCGCTSTS AXD SlUIJSRS.
K. B. XcDOlCALS a CO
iiraisis ana uen. agents, San rraneisca, Calfaraia,
and S and 3a Commeros Street, .lev Tort.
FOB SALE BT
W, L. miller k Co
Jane 30b 1871-17
TB E Board of School Examiners of Haneotat
Conntv will mt at tht Ninth Ulstrict
etchool House, in Findlay, for the) examina
tion ol Teacher, on Lua fbllowinc dava
daring the year lsT2:
Satnrday, March 2d,
" March loth,
- March 260,
" April aula.
" May 25lh
" Beptember 7tb,
" September 21st.
" " October mn,
" December 7th.
" December 21st, J
forenoon. . , .
Each applicant mnst pay th lpal j
fltty cents, for Inaiitate Fund, upon eaterina;
r-ach applicant mnst famish as with satis
factory written evidence of good moral char
acter before a certidcate will issue; ana
teachers most be recommended by their last
"n1 appniant will be admitted forxarriina
tion within three months after the second
successive failure. . . ... ,
AU applicants mnst coma wen Q?1 "
the Common School Branches, 2dJ"?:
cesa In teachins will alwaysmeril and receive
due consideration. -Geo.
John BowsAJf. . Eximlners
I. K. Kagt.
jan 26. "Ta-ly.
For Sale Cheap-
A Wood Count rarm.
AN EXCELLENT FAKM Or"ONEHU-i
dred acres, three miles sooth east from
Over Sixty Acres Improved!
And Good Stream of Water on
SOIL Good for WHEAT, as well m
Frame Barn, Log House, Etc
GOOD SCHOOL I
Confer with either of the undersigned.
T. rt HI aUJinw, o.
. au ol Fin