Newspaper Page Text
I.W. DOOTn, Editor and Publisher,
The JncKKAT,, ipublinhd every Satnrdavmnrn
. rig Office In Unokland'a Jlrick Doilding third
tory) Fremont, Sandusky county, Ohio.
"';'. ' TERMS,
" tinglseop, per year, in advance, 1
Puid within tils year,
'rwnubscriberswillbeharged".l 75. The dif"
-ferancain thotermsbetween the price on papers
. delivered inlown and those sent by mail, isocca
1 fianed by tht expense ofcarrylng.
HowtoStop a rr-sn. Firstseeths'tyouhave
'paid for it up to the lime you wish It to Mops notify
the Post Masterof your desire, nd ask him to no
ifv the publisher, under his frank, (as ha is author-
ed to do) of your wili to discontinue.
, RATES OF ADVERTISING
. 3nesquar 13!ines first insertion. ..
Do each additionalinsertion.
' ' Do Three months .
Do ftix months
Do One year..,. ....
Two squaresSix months ,..
... 5 00
. .. con
... in on
... 30 00
Do One vest.
1 tlalfcolnmn One year..
"One column One year..
u JOB PKIIVTIIVO: OFFICE!
nenro uu v jr -1-iia ?- w wov"iv - -- -
iientfltiH expedition manner, and uponthe fairtist
: rfnt aifnoBi an aescripiiouv ui
Rir.r.s or Imdino,
Bank Chicks, ;
Bali. Tickets, etc. ,t.tc.
We Mould sbt to those of our friends who are in
iwant of such work, you need not go abroad to get
. done, when it can be dona just, as good at nome,
I. O. O. F.
' Crooltan Lonnv:, No. 77, meets at the Odd .'el
'lows' Hall, III Auckland's Brick Building, every
PEASE Ac IIOBEUTS,
- MASVFACTURKns OP ' '
Copper, Tin, ami licot-lron Ware,
J, AND DEALERS IN
Btovcs, Wool, Hides, Sheep-pelts, Rags,
Old Copper, Old Stoves, Ac, &c. :
ALSO.ALL BOUTS OF GENUINE YANKEE NOTIONS
Pease's If rick Rlorlt, Xo. 1.
FREMONT, OHIO. 32
STEPHEN m:CRIiAXI Ar- CO.,
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Dye-Stuffs,
Boole, Stationsiay, &e.i
GEOKOE XV. GliICK,
Athrncyaiid Comisellor ut law!
OITice Onedoor east of A. B. Taylor's Store.
. Jnlyl9, 1851.
BVCKliAXB & EVE1SETT,
Attorneys and Counsellors at law,
And Solicitors in Chancery,
WT(LL attend to Professional business and Land
Agencv in Sandusliv and adjoining conntiea.
Okfwe 'id Storv Huckla'nd's Bfock, Fremont.
R. P. BUCKLAND.1 IIOMKR EvERKTT.
Jannary 1st, 1852,
UIOKIXSOX A IIAVNES,
Attorneys at J-nw, ;'
, "All 'business entrusted to their rare will he
firompttv attended to. OHlce the same heretofore
ucupirtl by Unit. L. B. Olis. in. lluckland's Block.
E. F. DicKiNKiN. Gko. U. Havnes.
Fremont Dec. 13, 1851.
Attorney and Counsellor at liaw,
Andfiolicilorin Chancery, will carefully attend
to all professional business left in discharge. Ill
will also attend to the collection of claims &c, in
is and adjoining counties.
OlKce Second storv Ruckland'f Block.
fREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY,
H'3I, KESSLER, Proprietor.
MR- KESSI.EI5, announces to the Traveling
Public til h t lie has relumed to thealiove well
known SUMO and is now prepared to ac.com module
in the best manner, all who may favorhiiu with
their patronage. '
No efforts will be snared to promotethecomfort
Etid convenience of Clivals.
ILTaoodTABLiiioaudoareful Ostlersi u at
tendance. Fremont, November 24, 1843 36
GKEEE A: Ml'f.ti,
Attornevsnt l.nwr & solicitor i Chanrrry,
Will give their undivided attention to profession
al business intrusted to their care in Sandusky and
OlEce In the second story of Bucklaud'sBlock.
.- WVVWa : -
ft. D Parker Surgeon Dentist,
RESPECTFULLY tenders professiona. services
to the citizens of Fremont and vicinity, all ope-
rations relating to the preservation and beauty of
, the natural teeth, or the insertion ol artificial teeth,
on pivot, gelo or silver plate, done in the neatest
manner. He is in possession of the latest improve
" menls now in use, consequently he flatters himself
(hat he is prepared to render entire, satisfaction to
. those who may desire hiaaid iu auy branch ofthe
' without pain, if desired.
OOiceiu Caldwell's Brick Building, overDr.
, Rice's office.
Fremont Jan. 24,151. . '
'.PORTAGE COUNTY ,
Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
, Il. P. rCKIiAXI, Acentl
. FREMONT, OHIO. .
on- It. 8. UICE.
ContinuestHe practice of Medicincin Fremont
and adjacent country.
Oefice, as formerly, on Frontstreet, oppo-
..eite Ural's new ouiiuing. ,
Fremont, Nov. 23,1850.-37
Eclectic ; Physicians.
DOCTOBS Wm. W, Karshner& Win, II,
Kuenulo. Otiice: South East corner of Pike
nad Front Streets, Fremont, Ohio, where one or
belli of us will b fuuud at all tiiuea to attend to
l'rnfessioual calls. s ...
Framoul, July 21th, Ja ly, - : -.
. ' ' ' ' 1
HEX BY HOLMES TBEAUWAV,
'PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,;! .
' vt .'. .Clyde, Sandusky county ,0 '.
' "October 16th, 1852. 1 ' ' " i
'., ;'."HEATOy A; AVAKB, ,
. k -h c ttomfjia ot fate: ;
:'m ; ' jremqnt, oino. ; .V '
I ' ' aAT0ir., 1 ; -'J '; t. a. wijt0.:
- : ' ' -; '"' ' .' - ..' ,. ,i .,. , ,: Cv. ,. ." ! u.t ;,-v., ;,... .-, n . . J
W Sacrifice; "of principles.
SANDUSKY COUNTY, FEBRUARY 5, 1853.
Tho Ftbrunry No. of the Ohio Journal of
Education for 1853, has just been received.
It comes in itt usual garb of neatness and
benuty. We have read nearly all the'ftos.
of this Journal since its first publication, and
we have no hesitancy in saying, that we be
lieve it to be the lest Educational periodical
ever published in' the State; fc one of the
best ever published in the United States.
As a native oud citizen of the "Great State
of Ohio, we are proud of it. To every teach
i er and friend of education, we connot too
highly recommend it. We hope, nay, we
know, every teacher worthy of so honorable
a title, will send for this excellent Journal,
immediately on becoming acquainted with its
high merits. It is edited by seven as good
practicable teachers as can be found in our
country. They are high -minded noble-hearted
men, possessing extensive and liberal
views of the whole, subject, which the j so
ardently and untiringly, and we may add, so
successfully advocate Education to all, free
light and air.
From the Ohio Journal of Education.
Government in Schools.
In every system of government, there must
be a governor, and the governed. The earne
is true in rehition to schools. The former, is
tho teacher, and tho latter, the taught. Ev
ery governor should have been well governed,
and linow well how to govern himself, in or
der that he may govern those under his care.
Every tEacher should bear in tuind, that he
is dealing with rational, thinking, reasoning
beings, and should treat them as such, lie
should endeavor to make them clearly under
stand that it is their duty to do what he re
quires, and it will be cheerfully done. 'The
obligation of duty, is as much stronger incen
tive to do right than the prospect ol a reward,
ind much more etiectual than the tear ol
punishnicnt.in securing obedience and res
pect, ihe principle ot duty may be urged
upon the young, by frequent appeals to their
conscience. 1 here Is in every human being,
a natural, inherent preponderance to do right
and the pendulum of every heart is inclined
to gravitate towards virtue, ihe' principle
of right, is surely fixed in every heart, and
by proper culture, will germinate and grow
into vigor and luxuriance. The willow-branch
of childhood is easily bent, and made to assume
any direction, but the oak that has ap-
pioximated to maturity, is stubborn, and . refuses
to yield to the hand of instruction.
Encouruyemeiit is another great element
in the government of a school. Kind words
and a little commendation, (not flattery,) are
great stimulants in th school room. They
secure the good will ot the scholars, and cause
them to feel thnttlieir good conduct is ap
proved. A loaclier should a nays' be ready
lo approbate the right, and disapprobate the
wrong, though more- forward lo approve
than to condemn, and should always see the
good actions of his scholars, if not all their
bad ones. lie should express his approval,
not grudgingly a? though it cost him an ef
fort, bill clitorl'tilly, convincing his scholars
that he appreciates and esteems their con
duct. A teacher should never hire his scholars..
Rewards, and more especially pecuniary re
wards, tenJ to make them labor solely for the
reward, while tne love of knowledge hould
itself, be a sufficient lure, from the considera
tion tiiiti knowledge is the only propi-r re
ward. Knowledge hhould he sought for the
bt i: ii t it bestows, and not for some other oh
ject held out as a rmvnrd.
Never punish a scholar by trying to de
grade him. A teacher should not be given
to faultfinding. -The surest way to discourage
scholars, is continually to find fault, and un
derrate their abilities. When the teacher
has to correct, lie should make his scholars
al! feel that it is right, and that he is doing
hi duty. If tho olT.'tider feels this, he will
Deed less punishment, and even feel grateful
to his teacher lor inflicting less than' he im
agines he really drserves. A twofold advan
tage is thus realized. The teacher retains the
affection of the scholar, and secures his ohedi
eiico in the future. Corporal punishment
should only be resorted to in extreme oases.af
ler all other means have proved abortive; and
the outlandioh practice of compelling scholars
losland on one foot, hold up a billet of wood
lie on the floor, sit under the table, ets., can
not be to severely abominated.
Were I called upon to give in brief what
the experience of several years in the school
room has taught me, and what 1 consider the
best rules for governing a school ; I would
say, govern by appealing to the duties that
conscience imposes, by approbating whatever
yos see that is right, by bestowing no re
wards of a pecuniary nature, by showing no
partiality, by no scolding ' or threatning, by
using the rod only as a dernier resort, and
as the only means of corporal , punishment;
and above all things, by setting an . example
before scholars, worthy of their imitation.
A teacher who pursues this method, will be
loved and esteemed by his scholars, and will
certainly secure their obedience and respect
J. W. LONGBON.
Piketon, Ohio, January, 1853.
Teacher's Association, for the purpose of in
creasing the number and usefulness of Teach
ers' Institutes, is making arrangements to em
ploy four competent and exporieneed Lec
tures, in addition to the General Agent, ,'i'he
friends of education' are earnestly requested
to male the necessary ., arrangements lor hol
ding Institutes in their respective counties.
It is expected that the traveling and necessa
ry expenses qf the Lectures employed by the
Executive Committee, wilt . be , paid, by the
Institutes in which .they may labor. It is al
so confidently hoped that more than the mere
expenses of the , Lectures will generally be
paid, although more will not be required. 1
py proper enort thirty institutes ruiirht be
held In Ohio, , during the opming Spring.
Applications lor Lectures should be. made,
f sriy, to Lows Andrxws.i Columbus. -
The following beautiful lines from the pen
of "Corn," compare favorably, in our judg
ment, with many of the bc?t pieces of Amelia,
Alice Gary and Grace Greenwood. They nro
effusions of a soul filled with the emotions of
deep and genuine poetio feeling. Though
there nre some things in the piece which a
Pope might criticise, yet we venturo tho as
sertion, that, of the kind, there are few who
can produce a belter piece. So grcAt is our
pleasure in reading the admirable little poem,
that it leaves no disposition in our heart to
Cnd fault Undoubtedly ' "Cora" is a natur
al poetess, and may.by industry and the study
of the best authors in polite literature, secure
for herself a very enviable fame.
"Wave after wave breaks on the share,
But the sea is deep as it was before:
Hopes after hopes from the bosom sever '
But the heart hopeson unchanging ever t ''
That Ihe billows heave with a restless motion,
is the very life or the throbbing ocean:
And hopes that from to day upstai t,
Are tlie swelling wave beats of the heart!"
Down deep within the dark sea-waves
'Mid the treasured wealth of ocean caves,
Where amber sands are gleaming:
Therelossed and swept from side to side.
With the rush and whirl of changing tide,
, A little shell lay dreaming.
Dreaming thnt all the while its song,
Was bom tlie rolling sea along
That when the tide-waves beating,
With stormy rush on distant lands
La music aye repeating!
And that men listened woud'ringly,
To the fairy voice in the restless tea,
And it never knew, ah, never!
That its voice was lost on the distant shore,
lu the wind wild moan, and the breakers roar,
That meet in strife forevei !
Thus day by day and year by year,
The sea-shell shed its peurly t'jar,
White loam-spirtea o'er it lesping,
Bore ever the stinbf a'lia upon their breast,
Away to some realm of wild unrest.
With biilows onward sweeping.
Is the poel's haart like the tiny hell
ills dieam like that of tlie sighing shell,
Down in the (lepihs of ocean?
Do his songs go forth on the wjives of life,
Unheard, nneiho.d, amid the strife!
Of stormy winds' commotion?
Ah ye, for the sea of life is wide,
Disturbed by the ever changeful tide.
Of passions strong emotion!
And who shall hear 'mid the oeaseless chime
Of the waves thai biMalt on the shores of Time,
One lontly heart's devotioul
The following communication from the pen of
Brother Dorcas, is published by request, and
is given verbatum et literatum, so that none
of its native beauty, force, or simplicity may
be lost by an awkward correction.
For the Fremont Journal.
Sabbath-Breaking, No Profit.
Wo would respectfully invite the attention
nnd careful consideration, of the citizens of
this community, to the dreadful Rail-Road
accident, which occured tho 13th inst., on the
newly constructed Road between Fremont
We are sorry to learn, that several persons
were seriously injured, as wi ll also, that the
loss sustained by the company, is estimated
at a pretty high figured In all this calamity,
we feel to sympathise with ihe afflicted; Rut
we cannot reflect upon this ascident, without
taking into tho connection, the great amount
of Srtbbath breaking committed in that same
section of country, in laying the trac of this
same Road; as if to speak in language not
1,0 ?.i misunderstood; '.'Remember, the Sabbath
diy to keep it holy.
Jan. 14th 1853.
t3T The Boston Bee thus speaks ofthe
great Statesman: "Tom is one of the best
of'men, and as able as good. . Still there are
not wanting men, and the more especially at
Washington, who improve every, opportunity
to mulii'i) and belounl him. All who know
Tom are well aw me that he is one of nature's
nobleman, nnd one who stands' up in a proud
and chivalrous manhood."
The New York Tribune thus .remaks;
"Any man who is malicious and malevolent
enough to assail Tom Corwin, and charge
him with corruption or dishonesty, ought to
have his mouth sewed op. The Secretarj
is human, and therefore has his faults, but a
man of nobler nature or one more quick to
recognize or more prompt 1 to spurn every
suggestion of dishonesty, don't live. He has
fairly earned and richly deseives the sobri
quet of 'glorious Tom Corwin 1' , May he
live a thousand vears I" 1 '
. JS.1T Lieut Maury ofthe National Observa
tory at V aslungton, read a paper, at the
Broadway Taperncle on Tuesday evevning in
demonstration of the theory that tho water
of the ocean circulates by means of a double
surrent one setting from, the equaier to the
poles, and tho other from the poles to the
equater. Its uim was to show, also.' that the
great currents ofthe ocean are is perfectly in
accordance with law and order as the "har
mony of the spheres;" that the Gulf Stream
and other oceanic surrents could not have ex
isted had not the sea water been salt; that
salt nas one of the most powerful agents in
oceanic circulation; whence .comes tho salt
in the sea waters; how shells and marine in
sects become important in vegetation antl
modifying climates; how the little creature
build, their houses and pells: and how they
prevent the sea, from becoming more and
more salinotis. iVJ Sun, . ...
, '.-.. , . .,-,,, ,,.0 . . n i. , , . .'. .,:,'
. , yiov, John. A. , Clifford has been chosen
Governor of Massachusetts, by the Legisla
ture. He was the Whiff candidate before the
PeoI)Ie: . ,:ii,',, ... .'
At the latest dates from Havana the health
of Mr, King, Vice President elect, was im
proving. ' .(,. ! '
The reasons for absolute prohibition in
otner words, for the Maine law may be brief
ly summed up as follows: ...
1st. It is impartial. There can ! no pre
tence ll iiit such a law punishes little sins and
sinners, but gives impunity to Web and res
pectable vice. , It has at least the merit of
treating all offenddrs exactly alike.
2, It rests on a dear moral Itasit. Its fun
damental assumption is the immorality and
evil ot the Liquor iraflic. It does not, like
our license laws, assume that this traffic is
pernicions or dangerous, and then cive any
one a dispensation to pursue it on payment of
ten Uollurs. it does not pronounce the traffic
immoral, nnd then attempt to confine it to
men ot .oou mo ral character. Hut contem
plating and appreciating the great fountain of
crime, pauperism, and misery, it makes a man
ly, earnest, and straight forward effort to seal
it up and stay its bitter waters forever.
3. It tun be enforced. License laws, espe
cially in great cities, never can be; they rest
on no moral basis and appeal to no moral sen
timent. No one can render a moral reason
why, if a man who can afford to pay ten dol
lars for a license should be allowed to sell, a
man who lacks and cannot scrape together
that sum should not be. ; Thousands are now
selling without license in our city, but thoso
who know the fact wiil not complain of them,
while those who would complain of them
have no means of distinguishing - them from
the licensed. If our license laws were meant
to be obeyed, they would at least require
every seller to display his license conspicuous
ly in the room where li is traffic was carried
on; but being intended only as a blind, nnd
an anodyne lor the public convenience, they
are construed accordingly.
4. The Maine Law embodies no new prin
ciple. It is simply the application to the in
sidious poison, Alcohol, of the co.nmon law
principle which regulates the general dispen
sation of poison. No man is now at liberty
to sell Arsenic or Prussio Acid except to per
sons who he has good reason to believe, con
template an innocent and salutary use of it
The fact that many imbibe. Alcohol in ignor
ance oi us poisonous cnaracter is an addi
tional reason for stringent public safeguards
against its pernicious sale. : ..
5. Ihe Maine Law doe its work. , True,
it does not stop all selling, nny more than
our laws against theft, forgery, aud murder
prevent absolutely the perpetration of those
crimes; but it renders the traffio infamous,
und dooms it to secrecy, stealth, and darkness.
. - Ol
An extract from the late speech of B. C.
Marshall, member of Congress from Califor
nia: ..;..'.. ',!.
Extension of Slaver. " Mr. Chairman,
the time is past when the question of slavery
in any territory about to be acquired, can
produee the agitatiun arid danger which lias
arisen from it The principle is sealed by
the compromise, that the citizens of such ter
ritory, al the time, shall determine for them-si-lvi-s
this question, und if the North should
by its greater energy and aptitude for emi
gration, acquire '.he popular power, and the
right under the rule so settled by the compro
mise, to declare any territory seeking admis
sion into the Union, free, the South Could not,
if ii would, under the Constitution and laws,
and. would not if it could; resint a measure
beneficial to the whole nation. . The South
should bo satislied with the guarantees of the
Constitution and the laws, for their peculiar
institution; and even if it be receding, if the
conditions of human society, and the progress
of free States militate against it; if wit'i the
protection thrown around it by tho organic
law of the land,it be yvt in its own nature
temporary and evanescent, and about to disap
pear befoie. the democratic energies and the
laws of political economy, there is neither the
wisdom of a statesman, nor the generous
patriotism of a good citizen, in seeking to im
pede the advance, aud check the develop
ment of States where no such institutions
I believe rr.yself, and I speak only for my
self, that (here will be no more slave territory
annexed to the United States. The history
of the conntry, and especially of California,
establishes the favt, and illustrates the princi
ple which governs, the case. Look at Cali
fornia. If slavery could ever progress it
would have obtained there. Slavery is only
advantageous to the slaveholder in countries
where the largest amount of labor can be
bestowed on the smallest surface, and where
it pays tho heaviest , profit Now, sir. since
mail first left tho Garden of Eden, there lias
been no place discovered where these condi
lious are so wonderfii'ly met as in California
and yet I tell gentlemen ' that there never
was a time when slavery could have been in
troduced there, nor is there such a tim com
ing. We approved the compromise; but the
character of our State was fixed without it.
Labor was imposed , as a curse, (and it is
awful in my private opinion,) and free citizens
will not submit to have it made dishonorable,
as well as disagreeable, by slave competition.
Free men will be the first emigrants, ami
they have, ant) will protect their aristocracy
of labor fram the action of the organised
capital, in the shape of slavery.".
Mi'. J. Winchester, who is engaged in the
quartz mining business, in California, writes
to the N. Y. Tribune ns follows: '."
It is well to' be" patient and "bide' one's
time" in great or difficult enterprise's, for the
reward of those faithful - to the end is eurely
promised, and will hardly fail . As certain as
that General Pierce has been elected to the
Presidency, jast so surely will there be a rev.
lution in the public miud in' relation to the ex
tent and productiveness of 'our' Gold Mines,
and particularly of Quart. " And when 'the
results, now faintly .shadowed forth shall grow
into an annua! proiluct of millions from the
Quartz Mills, w, who a'p the pioneers, 'and
have for long months or years faced tlie sneers
of the simple, and . felt ths told ihovlder of
the capitalists, will be entitled to monumen
tal "pile" of quarts for our nerve and pluck.
JW Congress baa granted pension, of
ICO per month lo ths widow of Gen. Worth
during her life. ;..;:-.' !. 'f ,-. I :) :
Killing Animals on Railroads.
The following case, tried before , the Ccsil
of Common Pleas of Morion county, is inter
ing to the public as showing the extent of the
liability of Railroad companies for animals
killed by their trains. Ivenokrhake' Sued the
Cleveland and Columbos It. R Co., to recor
er damages for hogs killed on their line, by
the locomotive. ' ''
Mr. Kirkwood, for plaintiff.
Mr. D. H. Young, for defendant.
on part of the plaintiff
evidence tending to prove that the track of
the road is located through tlie farm of plain
tiff; that on the 27th day of April, 1851, a
train of cars belunging to the defendants, and
under the control of defendant's servants,
passed over that part of the road located up
on plaintiff's farm, at the usual speed, and
killed six hogs of the plaintiff, being thereon;
that though from tne situation of the toad,
the cars without injury or damage, might
have been stopped in time to allow the escape
of the hogs, they weie not checked or stopped.
The plaintiff then rested.
The defendant adduced no evidence.
Tho plaintiffs' council asked the Court to
charge the jury, that if they were satisfied
from the evidence that tho servants of the
Company could, by the exercise of ordinary
care and caution, have so stopped and check
ed the motion of the train of cars as to have
permitted the escape of tho hogs of ihe plain
tiff without injury or dnmage, and lhat they
did not check or attempt to check the speed
of the train of cars, but continued to run them
at their ordinary and unabated speed, by rea
son of which the hogs were killed, then, and
in that case, the piainiff was entitled lo a ver
dict for tho value of the ho?-s; which instruc
tion the Court refused to give, but charged
nnd instructed as follows: r
,Firxt That the defendnnt has a right to
have the track of said road free from obstruc
tion, so that the trains may run thereon with
safety, subject to be; crossed only tin high
ways and regular private crossings; and there
fore, , ,
Second That the jury find from evidence
lhat the hogs were upon the road at other
places than the regular crossings when killed,
then, although the defendant killed them
when ' proceeding at usual nnd unabated
speed, the plaintiff hath only sustained dam
age and not injury, and the defendant is not
liable theiefur. Verdict for defendant.
We this week present our readers with the
Platforms of both branches of the professed
Democracy, adopted at their recent Conven
tions in Columbus. Theirobjccts seem to l.e
lo destroy the batiks, and lo collect the taxes
in gold and silver. How is this to be done
under free trade, which calls for all, and more
than all the specie we have, to foot the for
eign bill against us, is moie than we can tell.!
With more than four hundred and twenty
millions of dollars against us now, and still lo
advocate free trade, which would largely. aug
ment that balance, is a thing which cannot be
advocated by a well-wisher of the American
people. We have long seen tho tendency of
the loc ,'focos and piofessed free democracy to
this point, and have warned bur readers, from
lime to lime, against them. AH disguise is
now thrown off, and they stand In fore the
country the real advocates of the British, and
the direct opponents of true American in
terests. .. ; . i
Let every reader carefully examine these
platforms. Jt is hard to tell which would, if
catrisd out, the soonest destroy our country.
True, both profess to be opposed to slavery,
yet both advoc ite measures which will con
tinue that curse upon the country, by striking
down free labor thus making them tributary
to the slaveocracy. 1 No true Whig, no true
friend of the vital interests of the country,
can support either of them. Let the Whig
parly, then, more firmly than ever, adhere' to
their principles and their party. It is the
only party in the nation which advocate mea
sures that would make our country indepen
dent. , -
We may be in the minority, and not be al
lowed to direct the policy of the Government
but that should not make us falter for a
moment. The attempt of the locofocos and
the little handful of the professed free demo
cracy to distract and divide the Whigs, must
be defeated. That it will be defeated, we
have no doubt. -.
Matters are now in a very similar situation
to what they were in 1837, only on a larger
scale and the explosion of the blown up bub
bio is bound to come, sooneror later. When
lhat time convs when the country is totally
prostrated the the Whigs will ba dalled
upon to take hold of the helm, and right the
great ship of State. Such was the case be
foie, and such will no doubt be the case
again, .' i . . ' -
What does it amount to that wo are getting
millions of gold from California? Our Eu
ropean indebtedness talis for more than we
are receiving! and thai indebtedness is rapid
ly increasing. It matters not who ewes the
money to Europe. -When it is bought up by
those who do owe it there, and tent awav,
how are the people to do busings? Clear jy
by the issue of shin-plasters. They will be
come a commercial necessity and " necessi
ty knows no law." ; - -
These things were pointed out in 1837
and those who did so were laughed to scorn.
Yh in 1840, they became -veritable history
Like causea must ever produce like effects.
"Hard times" never cam upon the country
without causes) producing them, and if the
peopla had taken warning, would nvcr have
occurred. Under 11 circumstances,. let the
Whig parly 'remain united and Unit.; Both
ihe parlies hav . placed J an; impassable gulf
between them and us ; and it behooves us to
keep ourselves in a position to save the coun
try, when the brisia cornea J-?eiionf Ckron.
; 1 ' " , ,' - 'If 1.1 ;: ... ,. .
jBhe King pf Humbugs, P. T, Barnum.
Esq. i wa Uaro is about to establish al Cineiti
natti.aii extensive Bore, called by the Esq., an
extensive Miiaeuiti.; ( The cost Is estimated at
20,000, .""j, It. .tiiji um!eY,hf , tpsnagement
of Mr. E. P. Nichols of Clcmlaad.. , , , 4:
Mr. Corwin's Report.
. The Report of the Secretary of the Treas
ury was sent to Gongress yesterday. . We are
indebted to the New .York Time for the fol
lowing condensed statement of its principal
points. , .,-...! .,.'" ',. t
Receipts from Customs for the fiscal year
ending . , . ,
June SO, 1852. . ' $40,728,386
liulance in Treasury, July 1, v . .
,1851. . '. J0,911,6l5
Total. , .
For fiscal year ending June
80, 1852. .
Leaving a balance in the Treas
ury Jnly 1, 1852, of $14,633,163
Of ihe foregoing Receipts, there were re
ceived from Customs, $47,389,326, nnd from
Lands and Miscellaneous, (2,389,060.
Among the Expenditures are the following
payments on account of Public Debt:
Interest including that on tho
$5,000,000 of Five per ceut
Stock, issued to Texas. $4,000,237
Redemption of the principle of
Redemption of outstanding
Stock for fourth and Cfib instal
ment ofthe Texican Indem
Debt ofthe District of Columbia.
Last instalment to Mexico, under
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. 3,180,000
Awarded to American citizens .
under same treaty. , 629,980
Deducting the above payments on debt, the
expenditures are ' thirty-five millions, nine
hundred and sixly-two thousand and. ninety
nine dollars (iii',962.099.) There are other
deductions which are not properly estimated,
as regular expenditures amount to three mill
ions, two hundred and seventy-seven thou
sand, six hundred and ninety-one dollars
ihe actual balance undrawn on the 1st of
July next, may be estimated at about ten mill
ions of dollars, (10,000,000) after the redemp
tion during the year, of more than seven mill
ions of the Public Debt. ; , '
For the fiscal year ending on the 30lh June
1864, the total receipts ate estimated at $3 1,
200,000. .Add estimated balance in the
Treasury on the first July next, and the total
means for the. year are $56,203,753. This
leaves an estimated unappropriated balance
in the Treasury, on the 1st of July,. 1854, of
The Public Debt has been enlarged by the
payment ol $6,000,000 of Stock Certificates,
delivered lo Texas under the Act of Congress
of September 1850; and the Hggregate regis
tered in Debt now is $67,560,395. '
This has been reduced up to' the first of
January lost :
On account of Loan of 1843
On account of Loan of 1843
On account of Loan of 1847
On account of Loan of 1843
Other items ' !
Total. ' .''. 3 '- -$2,428,702
The annual Debt is therefore $65,131 .692,
exclusive of the remaining $5,000,000 ol
."fork deliverable tu Texas.
The Secretary recommends that the next
Congress shall authorize the purchase of the
Six Per Cent. Loan of 1847, al the current
maiket pi ice; also that authority be given the
Department lo purchase' at its discretion at
the market price, any portion of the existing
ruiiln: debt, to the extent ot the surplus in
the Treasury over and above five millions of
dollars. . . .. ;.mi 1
The .decrease during the last year, in the
Receipts from duties on Foreign Merchandise,
as compared with the preceding year, is $1,
678,241. . The decle is deemed ' temporary.'
The Secretary refers to the sudden demand
created for. Foreign goods by the settlement
of California; and remarks upon the subse
quent great conflagration as having caused a
temporary scarcity and largely increased the
importations so as lo occasion the large receipts
Irom Customs during the pending year.
After some remaiks upon the pernicious ef
fects of our present revenue system, Mr. Cor
win renews his recommend at inn of a Tariff
with fixed and reliable rather than sliding
and consequently uncertain rates of duties,'
1 be importations of foreign merchandise
during the last fiscal year, amounted to $207,-
1 1 0,000. 1 he exports of domestic merchan
dise for the same period, were $1 54,930,000.
Ihe imports of specie were 503.544. and
the exports $42,674,133. The Secretary re-
oommeiids tlist the inconvenience arising from
ine scarcity ot silver, bo remedied by enact
ing the provisions of the Senate bill now
pending making a rw insue of silver cuius of
reduced weight He also recommends lhat
Mint certificates be made receivable for nil
dues to the Government, nnd that the presont
Duilion fond be dispensed with. .
: Some interesting facts telative to ihe Coast
Survey are given, arid a general statement of
various aUutrs Connected with the operations
oi in ueparimeni u presented. ,
c The subject of the fisheries bein j one of
great importance, and at present a prominent
teature in public discussion, the Secretary
transmits with the report an interesting paper
presented by Lorenzo Sabina, embtaoing re
ports on the principal Fisheries of the world.
The sinking of Rivers.
A California correspondent of tba Cleve
land Heral says: ' ' '
, Vjt is" a singular fact that Carson river, the
Truckey river, the Humboldt, river, and an
other river, ihe naroa afvhioh. does not now
ocur to me, after ranning' fr -'different di
rectlons,' from one ISumlred anil fiftv lo three
hundred and fifty (rules towards the centre of
the great basin, as if afraid to approach near
ert at a distance of forty-five or fifty hiile
from each other respectively.o'sink into the
earth and are never again aeen or heard of.
'lheae fonritreams Ura'tu an iriwiieruui rrg1""
of country. ,1 faey ar 'ill Streams,, . ghV,
water, end their biuk .ere,, Ufiodu.,wil.
abundancoof good gran.,. ,,..,,.
From the American Union.
Letter Written In 1900.
Mnwts. EfciTorfijJ'f Howjhe following M
tr t-Him- into tuy poeae.aton, I ! you tuf1,
your rundurS to ranjertere. It iriuy havet
sum thrjofrti ,.vneidiii'! frensMhe; rpiru xfr
Prophery, but thin 1 only throw. out as aiug-f
Faon,.Al,!tijlijlc, lu), asUfU Mer.f
Editors, that, should I Jo, favorvd.wil' any
"fh(r eomrrianraiions from, th," imn:e,l
tlir sliaJl be trenemiued o you piihoui fn-ti,
' ' V- Yohf friend and borresriumlcmt.N! rH ?
WASHINGTON CITY, Jan 1, 1900
'.Mr pixk. Frik no':, Writing1 W you, jU'lr
now dp at the. commencement of the twep-
lictb ctntury I .am' naturally led to sneak of,
the iOtiderfut changes which' "Kavo taken?
place within the last half of (ho'cehtu'ry JjH
past remember very well when nteri .were f
considered the lords of creation when all thaj
offices of honor and profit wet in their hand. ,
Women were at thai lime held iu subjection -.
by ,thir hnughty oppressors, nd" women's ,
rights were 'almost unknown. . Now, thank ;
Heaven I all ibis is revesed. . Instead ofr lordt ,
ws hnve taditi of creation. ' " ' ,'
Our navies do not now consist of me iA '
war they are. all women of wat1. Now, Imp
pily, a woman occupies our presidential chair, ,
while our ball of Congress are filled With a
body of intrlligent females, from all parts of ;
the country. Formerly we had professional
men now we have professional women. 1
But, without further preface. let me ttie
you a little sketch oi Washington, which I Hn ;
at present visittntf. tvervbodv is Draisuitf ;
the administration of Hon. Mrs. Betsey Jones, '
who has just assumed the Kilos of govern
ment. She has filled her Cabinet with some
of ihe most distinguished stateswomen In iha ,
country., Where, for instance, could she .
have found a better Secretary of War than
Gen. Abigial Chase, of Massachusetta, Who
covered herself with glory in our late war
with the Sandwich Islands'?
1 went to the President's levee, a few eve
nings since. Among the crowd who ..were
present, I notieed Hon. Mrs. Jenkins, the dis
linguished Senator from the new State , of
Patagonia. The Russian Minister, Mrs. Or
loif, had tin a splendid fur cape, which at
tracted the attention ofall the ladies present '
I was sorry not to have seen the Secretary of
State but she sent word that her baby was
sick, and site couldn't come. ' ' ' '' '
I called to seethe Attorney Genera! the
other day, and found her husband Betting tne ,
table toe tea, and taking car of the children.
Ho said bis wile was s much occupied with
the cares of office, that ahe bad. but little
leisure for her famiiy, :.!-,-,
1 Ins morning arrived the steamer Amertca.
Capt. Betty Martin.commander bringing la
latest news from Europe. ' It seems that this y
Queen of Austria has just issued a womandate,
ordering all the men iu her dominions to shavo
off their whiskers. ; In consequence of this
very reasonable edict, an insurrection look
place among the men, which, however, was .
was soon quelled by the efforts of Gen. Polly
Kosciusko. ;. i
I heard last Sunday, an eloquent sermon,
from the, Rerl Sally Sprague, minister oftha
first Church in this city. I understand that
i' is to be published. ' ; ' ' ' ; '" ' I
I see by the papers, thnt a man out west at- '
tempted to lecture on men's rights, rsently,
!n which he foolishly iusisted that men had a -right
to vote. ' I was glad tohear that he was
pelted from the stage by a Volley of stonea
from the ffmlea,(cVnr creatures) whosa rights
ne nan assailed, roor man! lie quite forgot
thnt, in the winds of ihe poetess "
"Times aint now as they used tp was been.
iumgs ami now as iney uaea to was then-
A Ridk ox tub Back or a Hvisa -Vr,
Sparman tells Curious storv Of a hyena
which '.vas told him at the Cape of'Oood
Hope. One night the Soldiers had' a 'tvatt
near the Cape, when one of them who wasj'a
trumpeter drank so much that he could not ',
stand up. His companion, not wanting him
in the room, canted him out of door antl laid
l.im down bi side the house to; get cool 'and
sober. 'The irumpeter laid there arid went to
sleep, when a hyena' came along, and think
ing him dead, began to carry htm away, so
as to make a meal of him undisturbed.' It
was some lima before the man awoke so as
to know the danger of his situation. .; When
hecn l so lie found himself on the back of a
hyena, which , was making, off towards, the
mountain with him as fast as possible, , Binif
horror-struck at finding himself in the power
of the ferocious beast, his fear brought liiav
to his senses, and seizing bis trumpet, which.
hung around Ins neck, he sounded an . alarm..
Hid beast thinking he bad only a dead roan,,
was as much frightened at the sound ot thj-
trumpet as the man was at his situation; so,,
dropping his prey, they scampered away frpin
each other as fast as possible, , It is not pro
bable that any other man but the tfttnipetor
would live escaped as easily, , ..
The New State House.
! wMi be an honor' lo tin? State'; and tdirs
k! J that U oVk is'' I eiug proxei u'ed ftl
ptira jwenily by Hh Omrroiairi.- 7tWi i
u .,,,.,,,,,.',; v-,t.
The report of Dr. Edwin Smith,.' PreeUsnt
of the Iiovd of State House.. Commiaioners.
lately . made ' to the Legislature, embed'aa '
facts of unusual interns'. ; -; : . - ' '""'
The appropriation for the year 1862, wae
(125,000; the expenditures $141,69 80.
The sum paid for. marble was $1 5,000-. ,,
The first appropriation for ,: ihie building
was made in 1$3S, .( $10.000. . From ltt
to '48 no appropriation were made. rd the
present time regular . appropriation hate
been made, and th work baa ; bvti,; as now,
diligent! J prosutd, ., Apiopriiiioii ihave
been made for. eight, different years, during
which the work has progressed, the total of
the several appropiiatioas amount to $40ti,
5"5l " ,.,..;,.,,..,:
The Report slates hat it is the intention to
have (he building under, permaiuni (oof bv
October next, . The estimate for the ,.aop-'r
ana iron lor in root, the TOArbJe tiifnjj fc.r ;
the floors, lumber, glass. fea yet to be pur
chased U $130,000, ) Appropriation requirvJ
for tbe next year $230,000. '
.- A compartison o( , fourteen iiflerent State
capitals ia given, showings that th, Dhi
State House will far surpass any other in the
country. In round numbers the ground
ered by the Capitol at Washington is Sl,06o
square feet: pf phiq 60,000; of TennSM,
8.t;00,; of Kentucky 12.00Q ; of North Cro
!inavPetinsj Iviiiija and Indiana, each 1 4.0Ct;
of Massac-Jioaetta' anil Newyprk, 10.00Q: of ,
Michigan 5,000, die' ' The Legislative, Haila .
and Library will be larger tbn at Waybill)-- 1
ton, v ffo fstimsto J tfven tjf tn' pljnut,,
KHai rosl of llie structure, but we suppose
II, ul i, . .... r,. 1. . ... 1 ft . ,