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title: 'Fremont journal. (Fremont, Sandusky County [Ohio]) 1853-1866, February 26, 1853, Image 1',
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i I.VF.JBOOTH, Edaor and Publisher.
' The JuORRtt., is published every Saturday mot n-
I OlRfis In Uuckland'e Brick Building third
Motjt Fremont, Sandusky county, Ohio.
linfle eopy, par year, In a lira nee. fl 3:1
Paid within the year, i 00
'Town subscribe rswillheeharired ft 75. Thedir
fereneein thoter m between the price on paper
delirereri nt own anil t hot aent by mail, ieocca
si l ied by the expense of carrying.
How to Stot Pf firstseethatyouhave
paid for it np to the time You wish it to lnp; notify
he Pol MaateVof your desire, and ask him to no
fy the publisher, under hi frank, (aa he is author
ed to do) of your wih to diacontinue.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
On e quale t .Tinea first insertion $0.1"
Do ouch adililionalinaertion D.5
Do Three montha 2 fl"
fto Si month 3 5
)o One year ! f!n
Twn anusresSix montha fi 00
Do One year lOOOj
llalfcolnmn One year "
One column One year 30 00
-JOII PIIHTIXO OFFICEi
'Weare now prepared to execute to order.in a
'tleatand epaditinus mnnner, and uponthefairesl
arms; almost all descriptions of
rtn.i.s or Lanmo,
I, aw Casks.
We would sv to those of oiirfncnoe who are in
want of such worli, von need not en abroad to pet
it done, when it can he done just aa well at home.
i. o. o. r.
fitniivia t.onor. n. 77, meets at tbe Odd Fel
flail, in BncWand'e Brick ltuitdinjr, every
PE.F. Ac tsommTH,
m AarrrTi'nFfi9 or
Copper, Tin, awl Short-iron AVnro,
tovfu.Wool. nidos. Surfp-prlK naps,
Old Copper, Old Stows, ice., eVe. :
ALSO, AM. BOBTB OF GENUINE YANKEE KOTIONS
Pcnic'i TSrSok TMocU, 'o. 1.
FREMONT, OHIO. 2
STUIMIEX 1VCKT,A'I & CO.,
Drnirs, Medicines, Paints, Rye-Stuffs,
Hooka, Slationany, &c.t
fJEOIMir, W. CSIiICK,
AMorneynnd CoimTllor nt IjJw:
OfTice One door eaat of A. B. Taylor'e Store.
July 19, 151.
IlCCKIiAXD & EVFUETT,
Attorneys snd Counsellors at Xaw,
And Solicitors in Chancery,
WILL attend in Professional business and Land
Aeenrv in Sandusky nnd adioinine counties.
Onricr. id Stnrv llucklnnd's Ti.Vrk, Fremont.
K. I". HucKtAiin.l iloBKB Evkkktt.
January lat, 1P52.
CKI5TSO. & II IV F?,
Attorneys nt Tjhw,
Alt businese entruated to their care will be
promptly attended to. Ofilc.e the same heretofore
Tn-oupicd hyllon. L. B. Oli.. in linckland's Block.
E. F. PicKiatna. G- ' Ha.ik.
Fremont Dec. !3, 1P51.
Attoruoy im Ooimai'Ilor nt litiw,
And Snlioilnriti Chancery. Y!I car-fnlly attend
4o all orof.-aional Imeiueaa left in hia cliar. lie
wll ilo ttteml to the collection of cluinia &c.,ui
lla an.l a li'iinini eomiliea.
Olfice Second atorv Ruckland' Block.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY,
W3I. KESSLER, Troprletor.
MR, KF.SSLF.U, announces to the Traveling
Public that he hue returned to the above well
known aland and ia now prepared to .accommodate
in the beat manner, all who may Iothira with
''"n" ert"o7t""wTl'lh .oared to promotethecomfort
and convenience of (,wee. ,
ILT Good STABi.isaandijarefiil OaTtiaain at
Fremont. Novembei 24,181930
OltFEXE & Ml'fiOj
Attorney. nt f.aw AHolicitora infhanrery,
Will give their undivided attention to profession.
I business intruatea to llieir care iu
Office In tbe second story of Buckland'aBlock.
Ii. I) Parker Surgeon Dentist,
RESPECTFULLY tender proffsaionalservicea
io the eitizeua of Fremont and vicinitv. all ope-
mtii,ii roUiino to the nreservatioii and beauty of
the natural teeth, or the insertion ol artificial teeth,
on pivot, gele or silver plate, done in the nealeal
manner. He isin noasession ol" the latest improve
menu now in use, consequently he flatters himself
that he ia prepared to render entire entiafaction to
those who may deaire hisnid in any branch ofthe
Letheaii Ether administered, andteethaxtracted
without pain, if desired.
Ollieein L'.ild well's Brick Building, over Dr.
Fremont Jan. 24,1851.
Mutual Fire Insurance Coiup:iuy.
11. V. nrCKIiAI, AffcnlJ
vit' n. s. uicr.
Continuetthe practice of Medicinein Fremont
ud adjacent country.
Osnc'B, aa formerly, on Frontstreet, oppo
site Deal's new building.
Fremont, Nov. 23, 1850. 37
DOCTORS Wm. W, Karehner &. Wm. H,
Knepple. Office t South Eaat corner of Pike
end Front Streets, Fremont, Ohio, where one or
both of us wilt be found at all liuiea to attend to
Fremont. July 21th. 1852 1 jr.
IIE.VHY HOLMES TBEADWAY,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
. , Clyde, Sandusky county ,0
October 10 th, 1852.
IIKATON V Wi U Hi
r '. 1 2Utorneti0 at faro:
FREMONT, OHIO. 1
1. 1. WT.
if a Mm
Vl 81 II li VU II
ISo Sacrifice of principled.
FEBRUARY 20, 18S3.
"What is the Difference?"
BY MRS. H. F. M. BROWN.
"What ia the diflerence, tnatno, between a
lady and a aowing-girl ?"
"Play with your doll, child," replied the
"I am playing with my doll, and you can
tell me the dillcrence now. You say that
Mary Long is not lady, but a iewing girl,
and I love her better than the ladies who
come here. What is the differance, mama?"
"Why, bell ?" NAil I, "Do you teach your
chili tuch nonsense?"
"Do you call that nonsense?" said Bell.
"Yes, nonsense, Hell," was my answer.
"Well, replied Mrs. Stanley, "so it may
seem to you; but 1 only told Carrie what the
wot Id culls ladies, and ; you know as well as t
that sewing-girls are not considered hidies.
There is no use in going against public opin
ion." Bull! Bell do you remember ?The words
died upon my lips, for I saw Bell's large
brown eyes filling with tears. It may be that
Bell was thinking of the happy, hnppy pat,
when she was unwedded to custom unschool
ed in deception. Her thoughts might have
been in her humble homo at Llmcl.ile, where
she spent the golden days of childhood, and
won the appellation of "the beautiful Bcani
slree." I only know that they were not tears of an
ger, for Bell knew, that with ail her fauita J
love d lier as a sister.
Mis. iStiiiilcy walked to the window, and
began to luk tit the falling mkiw.
"A bad ini-lit for the party, cousin," taid I,
wishing to change the subject.
"Yes," replied Bell.
"How comes on the party dress?" t nskej,
hoping to hit upon a tlw niu that would dry
"Well. It is a capital fit. D) you wUIi to
see it ?"
Bell led the way to a lilt'n out-of-toe-w iy
room, heated to auifooatlon tiy an nir-tylit
There st llie sewing girl this n'ojjct of our
discussion, the cause of Bell's tehrs.
Mary raised her soft hazel eyes, bowud hes
itatingly, then with blushes turned to the rich
white silk, wondering, I thought, why Mrs.
Stanley did not give her an introduction.
"Will you have the dress done in time Ma
ry!" "I will try," said Mary, playing with renew
ed energy the needle.
"I hope you'll not disappoint me," said Mrs.
Stanley, for the party will be made up of the
fashionables, unci I would not like to wear an
"What a pretiy girl, Bell, who is she?"
"I don't know, only that she is the daugh
ter of a poor uiiin who came recently into ilia
vil v. I've given her employment these eltrht
necks. 1 don't know how the family would
live, but for nie."
Bell thought she had dono a wonderful
charily deed, and a smile of satisfaction light
ed her care-worn brow.
"But," I said, "you'll not keep her long, I
fear. There is a Strang" light iu her eyes; a
hectic flubh upon her cheek. Is she well?"
'.Yes, for aught I know," replied Bell; "yet
I may not keep her long, tor John Lester is
in love with her. Only think of it. The son j
of a miilion-uire iu lovu with a carpenters
John Lester is fine, generous, noble-heart
ed fellow," I replied, "hope he'll have the
good fortune lo win Mary Long."
'You know belter, cousin, said Sell. "You
know there is between Lester and Mary a
vast dillereucc, and it would be a wrelcued
1 made no reply ; for as Bell said it is hard
stemming the current of public opiniou. 1
went my way, wondering how some people
could forget, so soon and wondering how the
son of a certain carpenter would be received,
if in the poor man's gaib, with his friends, the
fisherman, be should present himseif, Mi Stan
ley and Bell would receive him kindly, of
course ; for Mr. S. has given ten thousand dol
lars towards building a temple in the name of
this same carpenter's son.
Bell was not heartless. Oh no! Originally
she bad as pure, as free, as loving a hu.ut us
ever bent in human bosom. True she was
vain as beuuliful. She loved display; loved
admiration. So for lame, for paltry, pelf, Bel!
my beautiful cousin, bartered her beauty, her
freedom, her happiness and her soul.
"How is Mary 1" I enquired, when next I
"Don't know ; have discharged her."
'Discharged Mary!" for what?"
"Why she came so lute in the day that she
could do but little by daylight, and then she
did not seem w illing to have her wages re
"Why did she go home'
"She said her father was sick, and that her
little brother could not take card of him, but
1 think the true ca'jse was Luster always hap
pened here to go with her so her lutiier was
the excuse." tiell shook her head insinuating
ly. "It is just tho way 1 thought a pretty
tacu always uucenes me. x it ou more on my
guard again, and not be led captive by smiles
! Dngnt niornmrr tp.a next May, t went
to the city cenv'try to shuw mv litilu friend
Dudu her biother's gruve.
Just opposite Mureu's, we observed a new
ly made grave, enclosed with a wire paling;
glittti marble shaft ut the head, with the
simple inscription. 'Mary,' was all we knew
of the dear sleeper. While wa wereguessing
uttne history oi me tenant ot that lone grave
a little rosy-cheeked, curly headed boy came
bounding along with a sod of white violets. A
puie iorm nioveu siowiy oenma ine ooy a
- I e I . I i. i ,
man bowed to earth ruor by grief than years.
1 hey stood moment speechless by "Mary V
grave, i longed to take the pale tbin band
of the old man in mine; and ask him what
great sorrow was bowing his soul to the grave
what Idol death bad conducted to the, shad
owless land ; but his grief was too deep, bis
sorrows too sacred, for the curiosity of a stran
ger. The old man planted tbe violets Upon the
grave, then lingered a moment as if to survey
me spot reserved for bim by his loved one
side when his life-lamy burned out. When
he turned lo walk among- tbe graves.
1 ventured to ask tbe little boy, woo was
vatering the iolots, whose wm that newly
"Tis my sister's," ssid the little fellow, 'Ma
ry Long's grave.'
"Mary Long's! Is Mary Long Dead!"
"Yes ma'arri," said he, while the tears drop
ped from his cheeks.
"How long has Mary been dead?"
"To-day two weeks.
"What was the matter with your sister?
She took cold in the winter, coming from
Mrs. Stnnley's warm room. Our house was
cold, and she had to be up nights with father
then she got sick, and we took care of her till
"What m:ikc9 you cry so!" said Dudu.
"I cry because Mary is dead, and Iv'e no
mother nor sister now."
Dudu went up to the litlle fellow, wiped,
away histenis with her apron, and told him
what a niee place Mary and Murou now had
that her mama told her that her brother was
not dead, but gone to heaven to watch over
us till we went to him."
"Mary said she would always be with us
but we do not fee her. and we are so lonely ;"
and the dear boy gave vent to his L'rief in
"Only sec this nice headstone?" said Dudu
trying to divert the child. "Where did your
father get it?"
"My father did not get it. It was put there
"Who did get it?"
"We think it m Mr. Lester. Tic helped
us tike care of M iry, and bought her this lot
to ti" bin it d in."
"What is tht dilierenre now between Mary
and Bell ?" I s, nd mentally. Mary sleeps
sweetly beneath ttse willow. Thewotld, with
its cares and iiU are naught to her now. Bell
is law-bound to n gouty, genteel, dignified old
miser a man whose o!d m ikes him endurable-.
Carrie, her idol, the sepulchre hides
from her silit, and Bell, the beautiful Hell,
w le.m the- world calls happy, because rich,
long for a quiet nook hy the side of htr child,
but tlds boon even is denied her.
The Boston Journal strongly advocates the
introduction of females into the ranks of the
profession. We consider the needle a much
more appropriate weapon in the hands of wo
men than the scalpel or bistoury.-"-Ex(hanj.
Do you? Just suppose yourself a forlorn
sick bachelor, in the upper story of some noi
sy boarding house, whoso inmates don't care
a pinch ot snutl whetner you conclude to die
or tret well. "Suppose youv'e watched that
spider in the corner weave his web, till you
are quite qualiied to make one yourself; sup
pose you have counted, fr the thousandth
tirno, all the sheperdesses. distorted litlle dogs,
and t rooked trees, on the p ipered wall of
your room ; gnawed your linger nails to the
very quick, and twitched your moustache till
every hair stand up on its own individual
responsibility. Tin u suppose just as you
are at the List gasp, the door opens, gently,
and a lniiis (mtl a great cracking pair of boots
containing an oracular, solemn M. D., grim
enough to frighten you into the church-yard)
but a smiling, rosy cheeked, bright eyed nice
lilllf live women doctress, yes?
Well, she pw,hes bark her curl s, throws
of her sliv.vl ( v cnii.! what a liur.1!) pulls
off her alove, arid takes your band in those
little lingers. How your pulse races ; She
looks at you so compassionately from those
soft blue eyes; bus her hand on your fore
head and then questions you demurely about
yout'"symploiiif," (tfvw of which sho sees
without any of your help!) Then she writes a
prescription with thoso dainty little lingers
and tells you to keep very composed and qui
et, (just as if yon could) smooths the tumbled
quilt arrange your pillow shade's tho glar
ing sunlight from your aching eyes, with an
instinctive knowledge of your unspoken wants
and says with the sweetest smile in the world,
that she'll "call aain in the morning;" and
so the folds of her dress flutters through
the door; and then you crawl out of the bed
the best way you cau '-'iit'li a lo.ikir.g glass
to see what the ' probabilities are that you
have made a favorable impression! inwardly
resolving (as you replace yourself between
the blankets) not to get quite well rs long as
sho will come to see 50U. Well, tho up-shot
of it is, you have a delightful lingering attack
of heart complaint
Fob myself, 1 prefer prescriptions in a
masculine hand ! shan't submit my pulse to
anything 1uU wears a bonnet! Fanny Fern.
Influence of departed Friends.
O how elevating is thought! In the fever
oflife, when the bend is hot, and the heart
beats fast, bow good is it to pnusea moment,
and think of thoso who are removed from tho
contagion of our excitement; who are no lon
ger jostled about by society, at war with it
self and with tiatuie! Without such medita
tions to cheer our distracted existence, I know
not how we could live. The soul longs for a
state of full activity, yet harmonious and
calm. But few can attain to it here; yet we
all have its promise in tinise rare moments,
w hen lifted to the higlits of our being hy
player, or outbuaiasm, or quiet, ascending
contemplation, wo know tho moaning of that
word which expresses the last result of Chris
tain discipline peace.
At such times, tho thought of those who
have gone before us is seldom absent. How
superior an influence like this that we exert
upon each other in our every day existence.
It is not true that our friends in the spiritual
world are the only true ones; for never with
them do we hold intercourse in our moments
of weakness, but our hour of lofty endeavor
and virtuous elevation. As when the sun is
resting below tho horizon, we may climb to
the mountains top, and standing in the daz
zling light, seem to those below us transfigur
ed; so, upon the loftiest summits of our be
ing rests a light from tbe spiritual
world; and at times we are permitted
to stand in it; then our sou's are cheeiej
and puriied, and our faces become "like the
faces of angels;" we are in tho presence of
God and the departed good, and those around
us hang upon our words as utterances of in
Blessed be those woo in another world
still think of us, and thus transport us with
their presence? We would not call them
back, but by prayer and purilication would
go to them Extract Host of iiaron.
The following address was read by Mrs. S.
E. Clayton, before her school and the school
directors of Fremont, and contains many very
excellent ideas. She has been teaching one
of our primary schools, and wo learn, with
Man, noblo in renson and exalted in intel
lect, and made in the image of his Creator, is
but a grade above the brute creation, without
that knowledge which it is his duty and privi
lege to acquire.
Consequently It becomes tho duty of pa
rents, teachers, and all others who are inter
ested in the welfare of tho rising generation,
to place every inducement before them to
climb the rugged hill of science. They should
haw good teachers. Not those who nro mere-
I.. l:i- .1 . . - . ... 1
iv quainieii 10 pass an examination ami care
nothing about the interest of the schools, but
those whose minds and energies nre engaged
in this noble field of labor.
Tiie minds of the young are much more sus
ceptible than many imagine.
The impressions made by their teachers
time can never cfiaee. Cold must be the
heart of that child that will not be influenced
by a kind nnd faithful teacher. And should
they be induced to walk in the pslh of use
fulness, how great will be the blessing to so
ciety. The future destiny of our beloved
country depends upon the rising generation.
Such boys as these, that now compose so
large a part of our common schools, must soon
take ihu place of those that now rule us as n
nation; and it 13 the sincere desire of every
patriot, that they may become learned, virtu
ous and happy.
Then will slavery and intcmperaneo. with
all their consequent evils, cease to blot the
fair pages of our history. Our common school
system is one of the best in the world. The
rich and the poor here 6nd a ievel; and there
is as much interest manifested for one, as for
another. Theu how careful should those be
who have the responsibility of employing
teachers, to employ those only, who are well
qualified, and take a deep interest in the wel-
lare ot children, to preside over the youth of
Of how little value is pnltrv gold in compar
ison with the worth ol the immortal mind.
But, aiw, for frail mortality, how much higher
dj they value it!
Who are those generally employed ns our
teachers? All must admit they are 'thoso
who teach for the lowest wages. Community
do not think hard that they are taed for the
support of our government, sufficient to pay
those iu authority from threo to sixty-eight
dollars per day; but ho who toils lo ndorn the
the minds of their children, is considered as
unworthy of a dollar, and they complain very
much ut tifly cents.
Teacl'-.rs should visit the parents of chil
dren. It would often prove beneficial to eon
verso with them in reference to the interests
thoso they have placed under their care.
have often heard it observed by persons,
that they have got along in the world without
much education, and their children are no
better than they nre.
This is poor philosophy, because our great
grandmothers baked bread in the ashes and
got along very well, it does not follow as a
matter in course that we shall lay aside all our
conveniences and do tho same. They impro
ved thei privileges and it is our duty to im
prove ours. If we do not wo are accountable
The old fashioned doctrine that girlsdonot
need as much education as boys, is, I think,
looked upon by this enlighted community, as
one 01 1110 errors ol past ages, which no ono
win condescend to advocato.
That responsibilities of females are as great,
and even greater, than thoso ot males, has
long been admitted by those who are qualified
be her jude.
It is hers lo mould the infant mind, to min
ister to the Siili'ering and destitute, and pre
side over a home where all should be joy and
peace. It is true her voice is not heard iu the
halls of Congress, and seldom in public assem
blies; but like her Savior, she is to do good
all living. If her education was what it
should be, the trifling novel, the latest fashion
and the siliy song, to her, would have 110
charm, for sho would have pleasures of a no
character, in which angels delight to en
gage. Then she would no longer be tho slave
man, but his most beloved companion. I
have not tho education I desire, but I am in
the morniag of life. I expect yet to diiak of
tho crystal fountain of knowledge.
And it is niy humblo desire, that my be
loved country may rise as much higher, as
her privileges are greater than surrounding
nations. And it would add a brighter star to
that banner, which wo are proud to call our
own, than if wo had ono of tho richest king
doms of the world, brought beneath our
sway. And now, beloved scholars, ifyour du
ties are to bo of so important n character in
after life, hoy necessary that you should be
diligent. Lot your teachers possess whalover
qualifications they tun', unless you make an
eil'ort for yourselves, their efforts will be of
lutlo avail. I lien, constantly endeavor to im
prove your minds, for you are trimming a
lamp that shall burn forever. Since I huve
boen with you, in most of your studies, you
have made rapid progress. But I must now
leave you. I trust that when another shall
my place, your efforts will not be less, but
Go on then, with unyielding perseverance,
and you shall reap a rich reward.
The sun, the earth, the atars, may paaa away,
All nature change no monument remain
The miud of man shall onward move,
And hold communion with iu Oed.
Two women were brought befcre the Po
lice Conrt in Brooklyn, N. Y. on tbe 4th inst.,
charged with beating their husbands. The
magistrate, after hearing the evidence, deci
ded that the husbands deserved all they got,
and discharged the complaint
"We should think tho Manifoft Destiny
statesman would get tired of hearing them
selves talk. Tli playing of a magpie is tire
some. If they would vary the tune, or en
liven their discources by something new.it
would be more endurable. If they would
favor us with tho eight part of a new idea, or
refresh us with a speculation that has not
been worn utterly threadbare, wo would re
joice nnd take courage. But this eternal it-
eration and reiteration of the same old song
sets one's teeth on cde. Wo had as lief
listen, to the filing of a mill-saw. When
nre we to have relief? Will not the Manifest
Destiny statesman die to oblige us? In the
ordinary course of nature it will be long be
fore we shall get rid of the existing crop.
Unless we can have the aid of the cholera or
some o her agent of translation, our ensu is
forlorn and well nigh desperate. The y si and
round nbout us with grave and sage looks
the solemn procession confronts us nt every
turn: hs we prolong our gaze they look more
lugubrious and diurnal than the chaps that
froze Tarn O'Shanter's soul in that memora
ble visit of his to Alluway's Kirk, som-; year."
ago. They grow to be grim spectres, with
skinny, witc!i-lil;e fingers, bare arms, ragged
vestments ca-rying lurid torches and
whips of scorpions, w ith a fl mating motto
"hovoc, and spoil, & ruin nro my gains,"
Their turgid nostrials breathe, and ;heir burst
ing eyeballs glare upon us. Wo loo!i again,
and find they have comelik.) shadows, and so
depart. I hey have all dissolved into thin
air, The Manifest Destiny men have become
mere wreaths of sm ke to the imagination.
And so they nre in fact.
One of these gentleman spoke in the Sen
ate on Tuesday. It was Gen. Lewis Cwss.
He canted, descanted and incanted, and his
carnations brought up the same old figures.
We had tho same spectre of "inevitable war"
that the old gentleman used to h'ri ghteu the
women with during tho Oregon controver
sy. But then the General was younger and
the "inevitable" of that day had a more dis
tinct outline and wore a tierces aspect than
now. The Genera! shook in his shoes and
was then plainly in earnest as he declaimed
upon "Inevitable War with England" as the
sure result of the Oregon boundary question.
Now he is less in earnest Ho is simply
clinging to the skirts of an ide;t that onoo
possessed him thoroughly. He is making
feeble & owkward efforts to replace a muti
laled bugaboo that h origintl'.y put uo. but
which fell from its pole long ago. The old
gentleman may burst his inexpressibles in the
effort to get it into a conspicious position again
but he is doomed to fail.
We do not wish to intimate anything to
Mr. Cass's discredit He is an old man. llis
career is about run. But a short limn will
elapso betoru he must sing his nunc dimitties.
We cannot impute to liiiu ui worthy m Hives.
He prof jsses to ba a Ohirslain. We think he
is, with qcalifiaatioas. But ha m iili silly
fillibustiering speech on Tuesday. It was
without merit or fjree in idea or expression.
It was a poor-re-hash of oil meats without'
pepper or salt. lis mile it w liava no
doubt at Mr. Sotile's instigation. The French
man wanted n sort of snow plough, it clear
hi3 way nnd so hu put forward the old gen
tleman. Mr. Cass was always dull and heavy.
Hu is now logy and flatulent. So have we
seen old horses pushed on the course and
driven past their powers. Whip and spur
made thorn save their distance, but with
what heavings and noises would they go over
We cannot think of soberly critisuing In
detail this effort of tho venerable General.
It is part himself. It is one chip out of the
log. The Genera! is old so is the fmtech.
Tho Gene.-al is spongy, so is the speech. The
General is tremulous and fussy so is the
speech. Ho is full of doubts and fears so is
the speech. He is psJesr-c'J by vague hd-
prehension of wars and rumors of wars s
is the speech, lie is all "mop? and brooms"
on England nnd France, and Manifest Desti
ny, nnd "inevitable war." So is the speech.
Clouds and darkness gather round his men
tal vision as night of his life approaches, and
his thoughts become muddy. So is his soeech.
The General is feeble and tottering. S i is
his speech. Why, what statesman not in his
dolago would think of inferring the intentions
of tha French Government from a fugitive
publication in n newspaper, containing the
extravagant vagnres of moon-struch specula
tor like Monsieur Duper qtiier du Dammar
tin ? Or to infer tho policy of the English
Government from a dashing magazine niiielu
of some hare- brained aspirant for notority?
Yet 1111111 no better or mire solid ground than
this, d les Gen Cass gravely affirm the piliey
of both theso Governments in respect to their
future nction upon this continent, and cull
upon Congress for a vote of dolUnce!
It is said that old men aro go id councul
lors. But not quaking m m. .Mr. Cass is a
quaking man. Hj always was. H.j coul I
always see what was not to he seen. He
does now. He in 1848 and '0 that 'war is
inevitable.' Out it did not come. He sees
now that England and Eranea are conspiring
to arrest tho growth and progress of this
mighty and rapidly growing Republic; and
that unless we forthwith order them off the
continent, nobody can tell what mischief may
happen. Mr. Cast was frightened, before, at
nothing. He is alarmed now at less than
nothing. Mr. Cass has had bis day. Let
him reliro. We shall bo rid of at least one
of the Manifest Destiny statesman, a leading
characteristic of all of whom is that hey lovo
to dwell upon tho vague Si uncertain things of
the future, rather than devote themselves to
the discharge of the vital, pructical duties of
to day. X. V. Tribune.
The following amusing incidents are Jepor
ted In the New York popors to have beeu re
lata' by Park Benjamin, in bis lecture on tbe
Ludicrous, before the Brooklyn Institute:
An anecdote Is told of a clergyman who,
while in the pulpit praying, chauoing to open
bis eyes, discovered two boys in the gallery,
one with very red hair, fast asleep, whila the
other being awake, was holding his hands lo
his companion's bead, as if warming hia bands
Such an exhibitions of the ridiculous could
not but force itself upon the mind of tho min
ister, and he was obliged to slop in bis prayers.
It was Roohefoitcault who said, "there
is something in the misfortunes of our best
friends tlist pleases us." I have seen a wife.
Who dearly loved her husband, scream with
laughter at his bumping his head on the edge
of the door. Laughter. I have seen dutiful
children laugh themselves almost into fits at
their father's missing his chair and aittimr ..n
I t!l" " ,or M 1 did just now. Laughter, On
! lM"g hi" ent at the desk, Mr. B bad the
..a -t l;l- . r . .
misfortune to "let down" upon the fl sir, owing
10 me upseiung oi tne stool. J 1 have seen
people at church unable to restrain their mirth
at the sight of a bit of court ploster which had
slipped from the forehead down to the extreme
end of the pastor's nose. Laughter.
Funnier than any joke, more supremely ri
diculous than a misfortune, was the incident
relative to the "gentleman of color," who left
New York on a western lour, nnd, finding him
self in Uullalo without any thing to employ
his time, thought he would send a telegreph
ic dispaih back home, inq iring of his partner
as to their business, lie sent this message:
"How is things?" To this interrogatory his
partner immediately replied : ''Things is line."
Laughter. Resting on this, he was in no very
good temper when bo returned home and
found his partner had sold out all his goods,
pocketed the money, shut up store, and run
off with his wife!
Y'e never se ourselves ns others see us.
"Th ree chimney-sweeps." savs HazletL "han-
pening to meet at Lincoln's Inn Fields, laugh
ed at each other till they earne near dying."
In cities the. sense of th ridiculous is worn off
by constant nttrilion. Let a big fat man slip
upon the ice, nnd you may be sure that those
by slanders who laugh at him are strangers,
because tho citifen has been uoeustonied to
When the swino had "the freedom of tho
city," they used to be tiie occasion of quite a3
much fun as disgust. They were always per
forming the most unexpected and the most
obstinate feats and exploits on Broadway. A
portly female was sailing slowly along Broad
way, in all the conscious dignity of citv lil'o
dressed out in her silks and satins, her ribbons
and laces, her white kid gloves, ito., nnd look
ing nice a repretentative of Constantinople
(judging from her Sublime Forte) when ull
of a sudden sho found herself sitting upon
tho back of a fine large porker, who came
hurrying round the corner of a street; and so
firmly was she seated there that she was ireat
ed to a gratuons ride of a whole block before
being thrown from her perilous position.
Laughter. Whether injured or not by
her fall could she be pitied by the bystanders?
No; the sense of ihe ridiculous overruled all
feelings of pity or compassion.
Crtesusis said lo have laughed to death at
seeing a donkey eat thistles.
Finable sights, also, not unfrequontlv sug
gest the ridiculous. Thus it is the dej'th of
sadness to behold a fellow being drunk and
rolling in the gutter. But how ridiculous
when, on jgoing up to him and ask
ing him how he got there, and
hi replies: "I made an nppoiatraent
I j meet a man here!" Laughter.
A friend of mine passing a bouso where
there was a funeral, stepped up to an Irish
man and asked him if he could inform him
who was dead. Tho Irishman replied ; "I can
not exactly say, sir, but I presume it is the
gentleman in the cofno!"
Thus how absurd appear, through the me
dium of tho ridiculous, all the numberless lit
tleness of life. Ostentation itself is ridiculous,
it wears gold rin;s and satins, and brocades,
and laces, and diamond hrenstnina
(which ars suspected to be paste:) it has a
box at the 0,ie-, to which it goes every night
(though bored by the music;) itcarriesa rare
bouquet, rather big, which it presents to a la
dy 111 the next box. It has a lorgnette, which
it levels on the already discovered stars, or
searches the house for other luminaries. It
always goes to church Sundsys. rain or shine.
and reads prayer aloud, nnd throws a half
guinea into tho plate with a loud ring. But,
while ostentation thus lives wrapt in the man
tle of its own selfishness, it is always absurb.
People laugh at it.
Much of the ridiculous may be seen in va
rious other departments of life. Look at some
of the critics of our day. Look at some of the
Criticisms in tho reviews, where the writer
desires to display his own talents rather than
give an idea of ihe woik upon which ho is
writing making th, author a mere hook from
which to suspend his own corruscution. That
criticisms is very absurb in which the ciLic
judges his author by bis own sUud,.rd of
thought or stylo.
Tho lecturer ulso spoke of a man with
whom he was acquainted, who thought he was
up et because his r" ytn-s were pif lislied '11
the weekly papers o.ctttiunly. And be also
thought himself a very fahiunaUt man, be
cause he went to Ihe o- era. dressed in thu
height of fashi n, and visited Saratoga once a
year. Nevertheless, this very man was the
laughingstock t.r r! who knew him. The
lecturer had also heard of a young lady who
regarded herself a one of tho ready-to-be-died-for-kin
l one who considered herself as
tho pink of perfection, and the leader of fash
ion, who in reality su extremely unattractive
us to be liked hy her own sex. To nil such
mistaken mortals ho would recommend tho
lines of Burns:
"O wad some power the gittie gie thera
To see themselves as ithers see them;
'Twad frae many a blunder frea them,
And foolish notion."
Penalties. The buying of cheap rlothes,
is the same aa that of going to law, the cer
tainty of losing yonr suit aud having to pay
for it. . '
The penalty of marrying is a mother-in-law.
The penalty of of remaing single, is having
no ono who "cares a button" for yott aa is a
bundamly proved by the state of your shirt.
The penalty of thin shoes Is a cold.
The penality of a pretty cook is an empty
larder. , . r '
The penalty of floppicg i Paris i being shot'
.... r- " wi t'gJii coots is corne.
Tbe penalty of havincr haunch of renL.
sent to you, is iaviting a doien frienda tdcotne
du trail It, , . . . ,
The penalty of popularity, is i-nvy.
The penalty of a baby is flleeploei nights.
The penalty of interfereinri between maf
and wife, ia abuse, frequently accompanied
With blows from both. ' .
The penally of kiting a ' brtby Is half
crown live Shillings if liberal, to the nurse.
The penally of a public dinner. i bad wine.
The penally of a legacy, or a fortUn. is
sudden discovery of a host of poor relations
you had never dreamed of, and number of
debts you had quite forgotten.
Tbe penalty of lending, is with a book or
an umbrella the certain loss of it; with your
name to a bill, the sure payment of it; and
with a horse, chance of evtr Seeing him back
LAWS OF OHIO
For the re organization of the Slate Library,
and to provide for the appointment of Li
Sec. 1. Be it enacted hi the General Al-
tembty of tbe State rf Ohio, That it shall Jft
the duty of the Governor of this State, by and
wnn tne advice and consent of the Senate, to
appoint a State Librarian, who shall hold hia
office for two years, and until his successor
shall be appointed and qualified.
See. 2. The Librarian, before he enters tin;
on the dischargo of hia official duties, shall
give a bond in the penal sum of ten thousand
dollars, with good nnd sufficient security, to
be approved by the Governor, rhsde payable
to the State of Ohio, Conditioned that he shall
faithfully discharge the duties of Librarian,
and deliver over to his successor in office all
books nnd other property belonging to the
Statu Library, according to law, and such ruh-a
and regulations ns rriay be adopted by the
Sec. .1. That said Librarian shall execute;
and deliver a receipt to the Treasurer of Stale,
for all books, maps and other property belong
ing to the State Library, or which may here
ntter bo purchased for or presented to said
Library, specifying in said receipt each book
or set of books, map, or article of properly
separately, which receipt, with the bond giv
en by said Librarian, shall be filed in tho
Treasurer's oflice, and the Librarian be held
accountable for all said property ; anil in case
of the death, resignation or removal from of
fice of the Librarian, nil books, maps and oth
er property belonging to the Library, shall im
mediately be delivered to his successor in of
fice, tnkinp his receipt for the same, which
shall be filed with the State Treasurer, and a
credit shall be entered on the receipt of tho
former Librarian accordingly; but neither the'
receipt nor the bond of the Librnrian shall bu
given up or cancelled; unlesi the whole prop
erty in his hands shall have been accounted
for according to law and the rules and regu
lations for the government of the State Library
Sec. 4. The Librarian may be removed by
Joint Resolution of the Gn?ral Assembly; for
sufficient cause, which shall be specified ia
such resolution. 1 - . '
Sec. 5. That the resignation of the Libra
rian shall be made to the Governor, who if
hereby authorized to appoint a Librarian" iit
all cases where a vacancy shall happen during
the recess of the General Assembly, and the
person so appointed shall give the same bond,
sign the same receipt, and discharge all th
duties appertaining to said office in the same
manner as though he had been appointed ac
cording to the provisions of the first section f
this act, and be shall bold his office until the
next session of the General Assembly, and un
til his successor shall be appointed and quali
fied. Sec. 0. That tbe State L-brary shall be tin
der the management of a board d' commis-
sioners, consisting of the Governor, Secretnfjr
of Stale, and State Librarian.
Sec. 7. That ihe commissioners of the Li
brary shall have the power to adopt any rules
and regulations proper or necessary for the
preservation, regulation nnd increase of tho
Library, not Inconsistent with the law, which
ihe Librarian shall in all things observe, and
to superintend and direct all expenditures of
appropriations made for the Library. - 1
Sec. 8. That the said board of commission
ers shall control the sale of the Reports of tha
Supreme Court, and all extra copies of statis
tics and other documents not otherwise ap
propriated or otherwise advisable to be pre
served nnd kept in the Library, and for the
purpose of making such sale, the' commission
ers may appoint a suitable person upon such'
terms as they shall deem best, from whom
hey shall lake a bond with satisfactory sure
ty, conditioned for the faithful performance ot
his duty, and paying over the proceeds of tha
sales by him made and the Commissioners
shall apply the proceeds of such Side 3 to tbe'
increase and preservation of the Library.:
Sec. 0. The Commissioners shall direct the
Libraiian to exchango statutes, journals, legis
lative documents and other books with other
Legislative bodies aud Libraries, a be Shalt
Sec. 10. All persons shall be pprmitterf to'
visit the Library and examine and read the
books there, without taking the same there
from, under such regulations ha the board of
commisbioTtL-rs shaM prescribe. Members aScf
the General Assembly, Judges
I the .5 ipreme Court and Court ot Common
Fleas, officers of Suite and their cleiks actual
engaged in the r jrviee of the Statu, tnd the
Cleiks and Sergeants-at-arms of the Gener',t
Assembly, shall have free access to f,he uaV of
the bocks of the Library, and have the liberty
taking the same out, under such regulation
as the commissioners may determine; b'A o)
public officer or other person having a riht to
take books out of (he Library, shall have (h4
authority to give any other person au ordr
take books out of the same, aud if any per
son having such rights shall give such Older,
otherwise obtain books oui of the Library
to be used' by any other person not havhfcf
such right, such person shall thereupon forfeit
all right to take books therefrom. , . ,
See. 11. That the commissioners of tha
State Librnryj shall, five days preceding th
commencement of each regular session of 1)10
General Assembly, make a report to the Cov
ernrtr, of all recoipts and expenditures, And it
the condiliorl of the Library, and all other
maltera in relation 'thereto that 1 they 'may
deem expedient for the inforroatiou of Gener
al Assembly; and said report shall be commu
nicated by the Governor to' the Oenerel As
sembly, along with the reports of tha Kxooa
tive Departments and State Institutions. 1 ;
Seo. 12. That act entitled "An act ren
ting to the State Library," passed January
29, 1824, and the act to regulate the H'Htx
Library, passed March 0th, 1845, be, and the
same are hereby repnaled. - :
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker the House of
President of the Senate.
January 27, 1853.