Newspaper Page Text
I. W. BOOTH, Editor and Publisher.
Th Jnoaiui., lepubliehed every Saturday morn
pt Office In Hiickland'a Brlek Building third
atoryi Fremont, Sandnaky county, Ohio.
'ingle cope, par year, In advance, $1 30
PmA Biihlti the Tear. 3 00
Town aubecriherewillbeohargBd fl 75. The dif
fa-nceinthetermebetween the price on papere
deli reredi ntown andthoae tent by mail, ieocca
si ned bythaexpenaeofoarrylng.
HowToSror a P inn. Firataee that yonhave
paid foril nptothetime ton wiah Ittoetopi notify
the Poet Masterof yoor deal re, and aek him to no
tfr the pabliaher, under hia frank, (ai h la author
gj to do) of your wiah to diaoontinue.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
3n-.quar 13! !- first Inaerlion $05"
Do aach additlonalinaertion 2j
Do Three month 9 0
Do Six month 3 8JJ
1) Out taar,... 5 0"
fwoaauareeSix montha 6 00
Do One year 10 0ft
Hairoolnmn One year 18 00
One column Ona year 30 00
JOB PRIMTLtfl OFFICE!
w..-. nnar nrenereil to execute to order, 1 0 a
ueatand expeditioua manner, and uponthefaireit
irmai almoat all daaenptiona of
I, aw Cash,
ihnaa of onrfrienda who afein
rant of anch wo, you need not fro abroad to s-et
I done, whan it can be done juai aa wen a. .
I. O. O. F.
r.o.. I.nnor. No. 77. meeta at the Odd Fel
Iowa' Hall. In Bucklend'e Brick Building, avery
PEASE A: nOBEHTS,
Copper, Tin, nnd Shcct-lron Ware,
4D DKALXRI t
8toTes,Wool, nides, Sheep-pelts, Bags,
Old Copper, Old Stoves, &c.,J:c.:
ALSO, ALL 80BTS OF OESUINE YAKKKE KOTIONS
Pease's Brick Block, Io. 1.
FREMOUT. OHIO. 32
riwrtofrir J. I. PRICE.
FINEFROCK 4. PRICE.
Opkicf In Sharp A Shomoe'e Block.
STEPHEN i.IX'KI.AX Ac. CO.,
Dr5S, Medicines Paints, Dye-Stuffs,
Book, Statlonany, Aci
UKOKGE AV. OLICK,
.AilorncynHd Counsellor at I..wt
Office Ondoor aat of A. B. Teylor'e Slore.
Julv 19, 1WS1.
lll'CKLAXD V EVEltETT,
attorneys and Counsellors at law,
And Solicitors in Chancery,
WILL attend toPrifeaioiia1bu-ine-eand Land
Agenrv in Sandnaky and adjoinine counties.
Oaricr Sd'Storv BucklaflfTe Block, Fremont.
R. P. BucKLAiin.1 t'0 Evr.rr.
Jannary let, IPS. ..
a itarnof nnd Oonii.ellor at T-nw,
A a1 rinl'uMtorin Chancery, will ear-fully attend
to all urofeaaional buaine-aleft tfi hi charge. I
Will alao attend t te enaction of clamie&c,
ii anil adjoining eounliea.
Office Second alory Uuckland'i Block.
;MONT, SANDUSKa u u l i a ,
W.1I. KESSLER, Proprietor.
MR. KF.SSLER. anouncea tothe Traveling
Publicthat he has returned totheabove well
known atand and ia now prepared to accommodate
in the brat manner, all who may favor him with
llieir patronage. . ,
Noetlbrte willhe ipared to promotetliecomrort
..i..n..Hi.nr nf CueM.
It I" OooddTtut.iaGiindiareful OaTtEBfin at-
UltEEXE At Ml'OO,
Attorney at iticttor in Chancery,
Will ,ive thcirnndivided attention to profeaaion
al luisineaa intruated to their care in 6andueky and
OtRce--In the aecond atory of Buckland'aBlock.
JKO. HSAVOH. WD-
IIEATOX & WARD,
Crlttornrjia at an:
Will promptly attend to all profeaaional mtaima.'S
ntrnaled to their care. .,,.
Office In Sharp's New Brick Block.
Ti. Parker Surgeon Dentist,
1 .k. .:,!..-. nf Fromnnt and (icinitv. all ope-
rationa relating to the preeervation and beaoty
lha natural teeth, or the inaertion of artificial teeth,
on pivot, gele or ailver plate, none tn me neaie
! i.in Doaaeaaionoftha latoat Improve-
mentanow in uae, ecneequently ha flattera himaelf
that he ia prepared 10 renaer eunro .uunnuiiun
hoaewho may deaire hiaaid in any branch oftha
without pain, if deaired.
Otfieein Caldwell's Brick Building, ovarDr.
H iea office.
. FremoMian. 24,1851.
Blutnal Fire Insurance Company.
, P. BUCKIjAND, Aenti
Dlt It. . UICE.
Continuesthe practice of Medtcinein Fremont
and adjacent country.
Orfici, as formerly, on Frontstreet, oppo-
n a l.il jT -.
Bite Deal s new ounuing.
Fremont, Nov. 23, 18t0. 37
TVOnTOIlS Win. W, Karahner t Wm.
I I tr,,,ni,U --.Oftica: South Eaat corner of
and Front Streeta, Fremont, Ohio, where one
both of ua will ba found at all times to attend
Fremont, July 2th, IBM. ly.
ttrARRANTY. Mortgage, and Quit
. FREEMAN OFFICE
-APER II A N O I N O 8, a good aaaorlment
1 Siirinir Sivlea, aalling off at low pricea
March 16, '53 McLELLAN & MeGEE.
I !..'.JL.Ji V
Hso Sacrifice of principles.
FREMONT. SANDUSKY COUNTY, APRIL 30, 1853.
Wit and Humor.
The Greatest Ass in Venice.
Charles of Austria, had a warm debate in
the presence of no less a person than that of
the first emperor bimsell. ureatly excuca,
one said the other:
"You are the greatest ass in Veuico!"
Highly offended at a ounrrel in his pres
ence, the emperor interrupted them, saying
... J: . .
wnn inaignauon :
"Come, come, young gentlemen, you tor
get that I am present."
An editor "Down East," says that he
hoped to be able to present a marriage and a
death as original matter for hiscolumns; but
a heavy thaw broke up the wedding, ana me
doctor got sick, so the patient recovered.
The following racy examination, of a can
didate for admission to the bar, is taken from
an Eastern Law Journal, and is so decided a
hit, that we put it afloat ouce more. The ex
Do you smoke ?'
'I do, sir.
'Have you a spare cigar ?'
Yes, sir,' (extending a short six.)
'Now, sir, what is the first duty of a law
lo collect fees."
'Right What is the second ?
To increase the number of his clients.
When does your position towards your cli
'When making a bill of cost.'
'Wheo they occupy the antagonistic posi
tion ; I assume the character of plaintitl and
'A suit decided, how do you stand with
the lawyer conducting the other side?'
'Check by jowl."
'Enough, sir, you promise to become an
ornament to your piofession, and I wish you
success. Now are you aware of the duty
you owe me?'
'I am sir.'
It is to invite you to drink.'
'But suppose 1 decline.'
(Candidate scratching his head.) There
is tio instance of the kind on record in the
books! I cannot answer the question.'
'You are rinht: and the couGdcnco with
which vou make the assertions, shows that
vou have read the laws attentively. Let's
f .... .
take a dnuk, we will sign your cenmcaie.
Scene in a Railroad Office.
Dutchman. "I vants to get pay a
vat ter railroad is runued over."
Secretary. "How came the engine to run
over your pig 3
D. "Vv. mine pie vas comin' alotii;, and ter
railroad vas comin' along, and ter pig did not
see ter railroad comin' along, and ter railroad
did not see ter pig comin along, and ter pig
vent to run under ter railroad ven it vas com
in along, and ter railroad ruuaed over ter pig
ven he va3 a corutn' along."
S."Uv friend. I don't think this is a case
in which the road oiisrht to pay.,
1). "Ten, aftervards, I keeps ray pigs from
comin' along, ven tor railroad is comin' along."
Some men devote themselves so exclusively
to their buisness as to almost entirely neglect
their domestic and social relations. A ijeutle
man of this kind bavins failed, was asked
what he intended to do?
I am 'ona home to get acquainted with
my wife and children, said he.
Returning: the Compliment. Mr. March,
8pcnkinr of the relief sent to Maderia from
"Lone after those who will be kept alive by
it. shall have crone to their last homes, the
very name of Moslem will be almost worship
ped bv Maderia."
. .... ,. . i.
Ihis is onlev returning tne compnmeni,ior
the name of Madeira has, for long time,
been almost worshipped by the solid men
Boston." Providence Journal.
Street Sweeper. "Please sir, give me
Swell. "Sixpence ia the smollest money
have my little lad."
jliju, " ell, sir, I'll ret yer ctiange; snd
if yer douts my honor hold my broom."
Clerical Error. An ignorant priest cele
brating mass, finding in the rubric, tulta per
tria," meaning, "$lctp three," (tbBt is three
pages,) took three leaps in front oi tne altar,
to the astonishment of the congregation.
Poetic. An editor, speaking of a dandy's
dickey, says: "It was scented and torn like
south wind after passing through a fence
made of thornbusbes.
A Northern editor perpetrates the follow
ing; "A flock of sheep composed of all weath
ers, may be said to resemble our climate."
An Auctioneer in Cincinnati, in selling
boss lately, bad raised the bidding up to
sticking point, and could not raise it a dime
higher by any of the usual tricks of art
warranted the animal sound in wino, urao,
Src but it was no use. At last he warranted
him sound on the School Quettion. Forth
with the biddinar went up, up. up, and
animal was soon struck off at an increase
$10 over the former bids.
The Maumee River Times is responsible
for the following:
Scene in a School Room. Teacher giv
ing Lessons in Orthography: The word
abomination was given to be spelled.
Boy rose in his place and spell it.
Teacher Joseph you bare spelt
word correctly- now give the definition of it.
Boy I dont know that I can sir-l
try I heard Mary tell Julia that it was
abomination for aa old man to kiss a pretty
Teacher The definition is correct
take your seat at the head of the class.
An Equivocal Compliment.
Mr brethren." said Swift, in a Bsrmon.
there are three sorts of pride of Urth,
riches, and of talent I shall not speak
latter, none nf you being liabli to that
From the True Flag.
One of Fannny Fern's Best.
Tiny blades of grass are struggling between
the city's pavements. Fathers and husbands,
sighing, look at the tempting shop windows,
dolefully counting the cost "of a spring out
fit." Muffs, and boas, and tippets, are among
the things that were; and shawls, and "Tal
mas," and mantles, and "Utile loves of bon
nets," reign supreme, though maiden aunts,
and sago mamas, still mutter "l.B8t winds,
east winds," and choose the sunnier sidewalk.
Housekeepers are making a horrible but
necessary Babel, stripping up carpets, and dis
embowelling old closets, chests, and clipboards.
Advertisements already appear in the news
papers, setting forth the superior advantages
of this or that dog-day retreat Mrs. Jones
drives Mr. Jones distracted, at a regular hour
every evening, hammering about "change of
scene, and air," and the "health of the dear
children;" which, translated, means a quanti
ty of new bonnets and dresses, and a trip to
Saratoga for herself and intimate friend, Miss
Hob-Nob ; while Jones takes bis meals at a
restaurant sleeps in the deserted house, sews
on his missing buttons and dickey strings, and
spends his leisure time where Mrs. Jones
Spring is coming!
Handsome carriages roll past, freighted with
lovely women, residents of other cities, for an
afternoon drive. Dash on, ladies 1 You will
scarcely find the environs of Boston surpassed,
wherever you may drive. A thousand pleas
ant surprises await you; lovely winding paths
and nretty cottnges, and more ambitious hou
ses with groups of statuary hidden amid the
foliage. But forget not to visit our sweet Mt,
Auburn. Hush the light laugh and merry
jest as the gray-haired porter throws wide tho
cate for your prancine horses to tread the
hallowed ground. The dark old pines throw
out their protecting arms above you, and in
their dense shade, sleep eyes as bright forms
as lovely as your own while "the mourners
jo about the streets." Rifle not, with sacri
ligious hand, the flowers which bloom at the
headstone tread lightly over the beloved
dustl Each tenanted grave entombs bleed
ing, living hearts; each has its history, which
eternity shall alone reveal.
Spring is coming!
The city belle looks fresh as a new-blown
rose tossing her bright curls in triumph, at
her faultless costume and beautiful face. Her
lover's name is Legion for she hath also gol
den charms! Poor little bulterlly! bright,
but ephemeral ! You were made for some
thing better. Shake the dust from your earth
stained wings and soar!
Sprvig is coming
From the noisome lines and alleys of the
teeming city, swarm little children, creeping
forth like insects to bask in God's sunshine
so free to all. Squalid, forsaken, neglected
they arc yet ot those to wliom tne Sinless
said, "Suffer little children to come unto me."
The disputed crust, the sovngo curse, the bru
. i ., . i i i : I f iAnH,
lai u.ow. meir uuiv unit iiuuny . viico urm
aci to call Tins childhood! No "spring V
no summer, to them! Noisome sights, noi
some sounds, noisome odors! and the leprosy
of sin following them like a curse. One longs
to fold to the warm heart those little forsaken
ones ; to smooth those matted ringlets, to throw
between them and sin the shield of virtue
to teach their little lispintr lips to say " Our
Snrina is cominn!
Yes. its blue skies are over us its soft
breezes shall fan us the fragrance of its myr
iad flowers be wafted to us. Its mossy car
pet shall be spread for our careless teet our
ianoruid limbs shall be laved at its cool four
tnias its luscious fruits shall send health
through our leaping veins while from moun
tain top, and wooded hill, and flower-wreathed
valley, shall float one glad anthem of praise
from tiniest teatuered inroais.
Dear reader! From that human heart
thine shall no burst of grateful thanks arise
Him who o't',A to all? While nature adores
shall man le dumt.f God forbid !
We never remomber reading before to-day
the following Will of the gallant folisb Hen
eral "Kosciusko" and therefore publish
that our numerous readers may know tho pri
vate sentiments and true appeciation of liber
ty and right, entertained by this truly great
and good man. All will remember his noble
deeds of heroism and daring during the war
of our revolution, and we will only add here
the recret which many must feel that, Mr.
Jefferson should have refused to assume
responsibility of the execution of so sacred
trust as the last will and wish of so gnnerous
and distinguished a friend. loledo Made,
The recent decision of the Supreme Court
of the United States, of the controversy be
tween the Russian government and the heirs
of Gen. Kosciusko, has reminded us of
original will of Gen. Kosciusko of the
dav of mav. 1798. now on record in
Gierke's office of our county. We are
debted to our friend Ira Garret, Esq., Clerk
of the Court, for a copy of this will, which
we publish! below. The orthography
punctuation are published literally from
"I Thaddeua Kosciusko being just in
departure from America do hereby declare
and direct that should I make no other tes
tamentary disposition of my property in
UDited States 1 do hereby authorire ro
friend Thomas Jefferson to employ the whoi
thereof in purchasing Negroes from hie own
or anv others and eivlng them liberty in
name, in frivinar them an education in trades
or otherwise, and bavins tbem instructed
their new condition ia the duties of morality
which mar make them eood neighbors good
fathers or mothers, husbands or wives and
the duties as citiaena. teaching, them to be
fenders of their liberties and country, and
the good order of society and in whatsoever
may make them happy and useful, and I make
the said Thomas Jefferson my executor
'1 5th day of May 1793, T. KOSCIUSKO.'
Thomas Jefferson, at a Circuit Court
of i for Albemarle County, the 12th day of May,
of, 1819 refused to take upon biraselt the bur
the a-jdenof the execution of the said will. A'
Auditor Morgan's Report.
We publish to-day tho report of the Audi
tor of State on the printing question, in re
sponse to a resolution of the Senate. Inas
much as there is a bitter feud existing between
the different branches of the Democracy, from
which some things have been developed, of
interest to the tax payers of the State, we
give the parties and the people the benefit of
the light shed upon the subject by the Audi
tor. We trust the document will be read.
It will be remembered that a resolution was
introduced in the Senate, on the morning of
tne adjournment, requiring the Auditor to is
sue an order on the Treasurer for the amount
of the bill, as claimed by Medary. But it did
not pass. How the difficulty is to be settled
we know not, and, as it is in their own family,
we don t much care, provided the public in
terests are duly protected : O. S. Journal.
Auditor or State's OrrtcE, Ohio, )
Columbus, March B, 1853. )
Hon. Wm. Medill, President Senate:
Sir: Among the proceedings adopted on
tho first insU, by the honorable body over
which you preside, was the passage of the fol
lowing resolution :
Resolved, That the Auditor of State com
municate to the Senate without delay, the ac
count presented to be audited by Samuel Me
dary for printing of the State, done by order
of the first session of the General Assembly
under the new constitution ; also the amount
paid thereon, and the balance of the account
remaining unpaid, together with his reasons
for refusing to allow such accounts.
In conformity with the wish of the Senate,
the undersigned has caused to be transcribed,
and herewith transmits, complete copies of the
accounts of Samuel Modary, Esq., for legisla
tive printing, executed by bim during the
spring and summer of 1852. These accounts,
as will be observed by a note endorsed there
on, at the moment of their delivery, were not
presented for examination and allowance until
the 11- day of November, 1852. Six months
previous to that period the following payments
had been made to Mr. Medary :
anuarv 9. 182. bv cash advan
ced I Woods Auditor) f 1,500 00
January 15, by cash advanced,
Morgan Auditor) 1,500 00
onuary 24th, by cash advanced,
(Morcran Auditor) 3U0 00
January 29. by cash andvanced.
(Morgan Auditor) 3,459 OO
May 4, bv cash adv. (Morgan Au
ditor) 7.0UU ou
Total, $14,250 00
Contrary to a rulo which had been observed
toward all other classes of publio creditors, the
above amounts were paid without receiving
from Mr. Medary a statement of his account
On the ICth day of May, 1852, the Auditor
being again called upon, deemed it his duty,
in accordance with a previous intimation, to
decline making any further payment until
bill of items should be rendered for examina
tion and adjustment
To avoid misunderstanding it may be prop
er to say, without further delay, that the Ger
man printing ordered by the House of Repre
sentatives, in January and February, 1852,
was let by the Clerk of said body to Mr. Me
dary; and that in addition to the amounts
above stated, his order for $1,000 on account
of German printing, was paid on the 4th
May, 1852, and a remaining balance of $715,-
07 on the 15th of November, 1852, making
total charge and payment of $1,(15 07 for the
Lferman printing of the House of Kepresenta
lives. Mr. Medary's bills for English printing
amount to the aggregate sum of $23,213 10,
as follows :
Senate printing, $3,193 12 J
Senate binding, 3,305 93 j $6,499 06
8,400 54 $10,713 94
Amount paid six months previous
to rendering of said bills, l,Jo aa
Balance claimed to be due, $8,853 85
The term "printing," as generally applied
to work needed by the Legislature, includes
binding as well as printing. But in rendering
bills against the state, these two branches
As used in the above statement, the term
"printing" includes both the "composition"
type-setting) of any article intended to
printed, and the "press-work." which places
on the paper an impression of the types,
The term "binding," ss used in the above.,
includes the drying, folding) pressing, Pitch
ing, covering and trimming of the sheets after
tbey bave been printed.
On examining Mr. Medary's accounts,
Auditor found tbem to be based in part on
system of consicutive charges, which he was
unable to find any law of Ohio to warrant
justify. By this system the State is held
be liable to pay several umti over lor worn
which bad been done no mors than once.
an illustration of its operation and effect, ref
erence may be made to the printing of the an
nual report of the Secretary of State on Com
mon Schools. Of this report, 16,200 copies
were printed by Mr. Medary, and were ap
propriated as follows:
For the use and disposal of the
Senate, 5,580 copies.
For the use of the members of
the House of Repre'tires, 100 "
For general distribution of the
House of Representalires, 7,040 "
For general use of Secretary, 600 -For
binding in legislative doc., 3,000 "
Total. 16,290 -
The entire printing! of these 16,290 copies
of the Secretary's annual Report required
one type-settingi yet the bill or Mr. meaary
makes five distinct charges against the Slate,
as if the type bud beeu set up by a journey
man five times, instead of no more than once.
His charges are these :
Type a 2 for 6,660 copies for the
Senate, $88 73
Type setting for 200 copies for the
House. 00 02
Type letting fur 7,040 eopioi forgen-
tral elrcuk'o, 9107
Type selling for 600 copies for use
of Secretary, 91 0f
Type letting for 8,000 copies for bin
ding in lesgis
laliva doc, 91 07
Total, 16,290 copies, $447 03
The State is charged in like manner Jive
times for the ODe "composition," (or tyre-aet-ting)
of other reports, as for example, the an
nual Report of the Board of Public Works, of
which 23,110 copies were printed. The five
charges made by Mr. Medary for the type
setting ol that document are as lollows:
Typo setting for 8,850 copies for use
ot oenaie, to
Type setting for 200 copies foi the
House, 43U it
Type setting for 10,560 copies for gen
eral dis bu n, 4H 4S
Type letting for 600 copies for use
ol Hoard ruo
Works, 437 45
Type setting for 3,000 copies for bin-
aing in icgisia
docuraenls, 437 45
Total, 23,110 copies. $2,121 22
These examples will serve to explain the
system of tonslructiv charges which the Au
ditor has failca to find any law to justify or
sanction. Without enterine further into detail,
it may bo briefly stated, that after allowing
two "compositions"charges one for the House
and one for the senate on all the reports
printed by Mr. Medary, his bills still present
an additional claim for $2,924 22 in pay
ment of the third, fourth and fifth construc
Uy reference lo Mr. Medary's bill for Men-
ale printing, it will be observed that tho prin
ting and binding of the Journal of thai body
a volume of 942 pages is included therein.
1 be iact tbat this work won executed by Mr.
Medary, and that he should be paid for it a
fair compensation, are points not in contro
versy. But the Auditor is of tne opinion that
Mr. Medary is not entitled to the entire
amount be demands. The resolution adopted
by the Senate on the subject of its printing
was as follows;
Resolved, That the Clerk of the Senate be
directed to procure the necessary priming for
thii body for the time being, and until a law
can be passed providing for the public print
ing as prescribed bv the Constitution, provid
ed that the prices paid Bhall not exceed those
paid for the senate printing at the last ses
This resolution, v. will be seen, authorized
no more printing than was "necessary" for the
use of the Senate, previons to the passage bt
a law letting out the public printing to the
lowest bidder, as required, (wisely or other
wise,) by the Constitution. A law of this
character was passed on the 16th day of April
1852, and the fact that the printing of the
journals aud Legislative documents was not
completed until the month of August, leav
is sufficient proof that they were in no respect
necessary for the use of the Senate, in advance
of the passage of a printing law, in accordance
with the Constitution.
In like manner, it will be seen on reference
to Mr Medary's bills for House printing mar.
ked C. and D. that the journals of said body
and two volumes of legislative documents
included therein. 1 he remark already made
in regard lo the printing of the Senate journal
is applicable in the present case and may again
be repeated; the work was execiuted by
Medary, and he should be paid therefor
that is right. But before deciding what
amount should be, it may be well to recur
the following resolution adopted by the House
of Representatives on the 10th of January,
"Resolved, That the Clerk of this House
hereby instructed, antil otherwise provided,
obtain auch printing as may be ORDERED
by the House, and that as soon as a law shall
be passed by the (ieneral Assembly in accor
dance with the provisions of the second section
of the fifteenth article of the Constitution
$1,119 42 $1,173
this State, the account therefor fat prices
exceeuing inose paiu lor nouse priming at
last session of the General Asseinby shall
prescribed by such law."
This resolution gives the Clerk of the House
instructions to procure the execution of
printing, bui care was taken to limit
authority to such printing as the House "or
dered," and to none other. It is also distinct
ly declared in advance that the account
such printing "shall be audited and paid
such manner" as a law in anrordance with
provisions of the new constitution should pre
scribe. It rhlght be sufficient to say that the House
gave no "order" for the printing of its jour
nals, nor for the printing of the volumes
documents, and faente the above resolution
gave no warrant for their execution. But
facts go further. On the 28th of January,
1862, the House of Representatives adopted
the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Clerk of the House
and he is hereby requested to communicate
to Samuel Medary, that any work, or prepa
ration for any work, for tbe printing of
journals of the Hou?, ia not and cannot
authorised by the terms of the resolution adop
ted on tbe 12th of January. 1852, and that
any expressed or implied contract exists
the printing of the journal, that the same
wholly unauthorized and void." See House
Journal, page 163.
On the 29th day of January, a motion
made to reconsider the above resolution,
the motion was laid upon the table and never
adopted. Set Mouse Journal, page 1 68.
A law providing for the publio printing
accordance with the requirements of the
stitution was finally passed on tbe 16th day
-n..- , 1 :. I 1.
April, leoa, ana in compliance run ii
written proposals were made, by
srtonsihia oartlua. for mititlhs and binding
journals of the two House! and the two
of legislative doanments, at pricea
the following results as contrasted
the chariiei of Mr. Medary i
Bids under Chafe
Ih law. Maria-?-Printing
Senate Journal, $899 72 $700
Binding Senate Journal, 250 60 471
Printing House Journal $922 46 $1,041 67
Binding Houoe Journal, 273 10 681 20
$1,196 60 $1,922 87f
Printing Legislative Doc
uments, 2 volumes, $1,466 60 $1,799 82
Binding Legislative Doc
uments 2 volumes 466 20 1,619 75
Total, $1,920 70 $3,399 57
As will be seen dy the above, Mr. Medary's
charges for the Senate Journal is but a small
fraction higher than the proposals of the suc
cessful bidders under the law. But his for
printing the House Journal (which he was
notified by the House not to print), is $727,
31 grea'.er than the price at which it was
proposed to be executed by reapontible bid
ders under the law. In like manner, bis
charge for printing the two volume of Legis
lative Documents is $1,478,87 greater than
the price proposed under the law.
If Mr. Medary had been duly authorized
and instructed to peform this work, he would
have bad a right to exact such a rate of pay
ment as might have been agreed upon. But
the Oeneraf Assembly, feeling that the Con
stitution must be rcpecld and obey ad, gave
no such authority or instruction. The Sen
ate, by express terms, limited its Clerk to the
procurement of such printing aa should be
necessary "fur the time being," and until
law in aoordinance with the constitution could
be passed. The House of Representatives
exhibited even greater care than the Senate,
directing its Clerk to procure only iuch prin
ting as should be particularly "ordered."
in view ol these tacts, the Auditor feels
that Mr. Medary has norerson to demand or
expect a higher rate of compensation for the
execution ot the Journals and Documents than
the price at which they would have been prin
ted by the successful bidders, under the law
of April 16th, 1852, and which (it may be
added)! a sttllhigher price than is paid for
similar printing at the present session of tie
(Senera Assembly. X be difference between
Mr. Medary's charges and the prices at which
the work would bave been done under the
law is vt.iiv aa. ibis sum, as well ascer
tain constructive charges (heretofore alluded
to), amounting to $1,827 40, the Auditor baa
declinod to pay. With these deductions, let
us see how Mr. Medary's account will stund
The amount claimed bv
Mr. Medary, $23,21 10
Payments made to Mr. Medary
previous to May 4, 1862, 14,359
Amount not allowed by Auditor
Deduct 87 reams paper wasted
Balance unpaid at this date
Having entered thus fully into an explana
tion of this account it is now proper to add
that within cno week after Mr. Medary's
counts were bled in this office, the Anditor
drew his bill in for of Mr. Medary for
sum of$8,864 63, being the whole of the ui
expenaea balance of Vie printing vppropria-
iton men in me treasury, l o remove all un
certainty on this subject Mr. Armstrong,
Chief Clerk in the Auditor's office, called
Mr. Medary a counting room on the 16th
November, and gave notice that the above
bill had been drawn on the treasury and
ready for delivery. A treasury bill for
small amount necessary to discharge the
balance on the $4,28(1 41, as above
shown, nil. be drawn at any time it may
Asamsansof guarding himself against
mistake in examining the accounts presented
by Mr. Medary, the Auditor caused them
be examined by practical printers and binders
at present engaged in the service of
State. The results of their examination,
far as they were prosecuted, show that
Medary's bills for binding are calculated
prices differing from those authorized by
appended to this communication, marked
and F. The errors amount to a sum exceed
ing $1,300. Examinations have also
made of Mr. Medary's bills for the type-set
ting and press-work of the journals and
The following will shpW the result:
Estimate of Composition and Press Work
x.tgisi iuvt uocumeius for the Session
185 printed 6y Sumuel Mtdaru.
Contains 4 16 pages Long Primer,
plain, 'J.UOO eiua to the piri
Contain 60 pages Small Pica,
plain, 1,8:16 ema to the page
Contains 187 Pages Lonq; Primer
rule and figure work, 4.UOO ems
to the p'lul
Contains 81 pages Long Primer
uie . two jf0U,r,4 Corrected statements for
bt binding, for which he claims payment
Total number of ems
Excess of matter caused by un
necessary leading of such mat
ter as is customary to set solid,
to make it consibtent with 'good
Total number of cms in Part 1 1,837,036
Contains 614 pagci Long Primtr,
plain 2,000 ems to tbe page
Contains 84 pages Long Primer,
rule and figure work, 4,000 em!
to the page 336,000
Contains 1 7 pages Long Primer fig
ure work, 3,000 em to the page 61,000
Total number of ema
Excess of matter caused by unnec
essary leading of auch matter as
is Customary to be tot solid, to
make It consistent with' good
Totsl number of imi in f art 3.
KiceMofpreM work caused by
nneccMvy leading aud
atretcliio out of matter in.
part 1 W tokii
Same In Parti, 182 token,
Paper wasted in consequence of
stretching ou t matter in Part 1 1 9 reara
Same in Part 2, 1 rca.
(.ATI AJTB BOCSa iOCRBALB.
In a strict count of 100 paget of the Sea:
ate Journal of last winter, there an 1,698
leads more than are consistent with "good
workmanship." Every 87 of tboee feadu oc
cupy the same amount of epaee that is occu
pied by 1000 emiof type, waking; eighteen
thousand and twenty-aeveo erne mora than
are necessary to every 100 pages. The Sen
ate Journal contain! 780 pagvi of this kiad
of matter, and there are in those 780 page
one hundred and thirty two thotumd mm2 imo
hundred ems of matter more than there wrmSd
bare been bad it not been leaded uAKKenur.
The House Journal contain 860 page
the sarna kind of natter, and there era ia
those 660 pages one hundred and fifty-threw
thousand and two hundred and twenty -nine
ems more than there ought ought to be. ma
kinrr in all two hundred and eighty five tho
sand four hundred and twenty nine ems of
matter caused by unnecessary leading, Ibie
calculation is based upon 100 consecutive pa
ges ol tbe Slate Journal.
I he senate Journal contains, in all, 941
pages, 42 pages of which must be measured
as a rule and figure work, equal to 983 pa
ges, and 1,866,000 ems, Deduct 182,200,
leaves 1,833,800 ems.
The House Journal contains 1,020 pages,
33 pages of which is rule and figure work
to 1,053 pages, and 2,106,000 ems. Deduct
163,1 29, leaves 1,952,771 ema.
This calculation will show, also, nine forma,
210 tokens of extra press work caused by tbe
unnecessary leading, and a waste of thirty
reams of double super royal eaper.betide fold
ing, drying and Hitching.
in tbe lace of objections such ss those aoova
stated tbe Auditor felt that be would do
ing a publio as well ai an official wrong to
pay the bills presented without making ap
propriate deductions. The law organising
the office of Auditor of State imposes upon
that officer tbe duty not only of auditing pub
lie accounts, but also of examining and aa jol
ting them. In the performance of ibis duty,
not always a pleasant one, he has sought to
be guided by tbe Constitution and tbe laws.
Tbe former instrument distinctly declares
tbat thn Legislative printing shall be execu
ted on contract by the lowest bidder. Tea
porary necessity was held to requre tne exe
cution of a limited amount of printing in. a
manner different from the form of tbe con
stitution ; but the existence of this necessity
neither compelled tbe Legislature to author
ue, nor the Anditor to pay, five times for
type setting done no more than once. Tbe
resolutions of the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives (as the Auditor understand
them) wisely provided against a greater vari
ance from the Constitution than the tempory
necessity was believed to require. On these
resolutions and the plain provision! of tbo
Constitution tefering to the public printing,
the Auditor conbdently reliei lor a justinea
tion of hii refusal to pay Mr. Medary all that
Respectfully submitted, WM. D. MORGAN.
A Leaf from Blackwood.
The art of writing baa been described as
embodied in a few words, "bow to use the
right words, and put them ib thJ right places."
There is a description in a late number of
Blackwood, which, for delicacy and point of
language baa rattly been surpassed. It oc
cur in a new story, entitled "Lady Lee's Wid
owhood," and describe! the terrors of a show
er bath. Head it !
Rosa and Orsha. Rosa, constitution ally
an early riser, and always up before Orelln in
the morning, until the latter took it into her
bead to have a shower bath fitted up in the
closet tbat opened from their room. Into thie
she would enter evory morning with great
majesty and pull the airing with no more hes
itation than If she bad been ringing the bell
for ber maid, and would subsequently emergw
all calm and fresh and shining. But, not con
tent with indulging in this luxury herself, she
would insist upon getting it filled again for
Rosa ; and this is the reason why Rom, who
preferred performing her ablations ra a less
terrible way, began to be lazy of a morMftg -pretending
to bo sleepy to be interested in
a book, and other devices lo while away th
lime till Orelia would com end poll her wot
Then the little thing, all sin Inking -rod
shivering with her hair drawn into a tight
knot at the buck of ber bead, would be fmn
in a sort of tottering run towards the dreaaVri
deluge by her imperious task mistfe-m bni
ancing herself on ibe rim of ths bath brforn
entering and tben, trembling would stretch
ber hand towards the cord in which one rrriglit
suppose, from her trepidation, she had bin
ordered to hang herself. then the wc-ild bK
to be allowed to draw the curtain of the Path,
which Oreliti would by no means permit u
pecting she might In come way evade th
ordeal unless utrlctly Watched, then she would
pretend lo recollect something particular l
tell Orelia, wb, not to be baffled in that way,
would sternly order her io tell her by and by.
and lopdll the tiring without fdrrher non
sense and poor Rosa, thus detected, wnuid
get up a little shivering laugh, broken short
off by the prospect of her impending end
inevitable doom, and shutting her eyes and
mouth so tight that those ftmtufe bvs'tn,'
meta threads of her enrmral little frtrif, ant
putting her plump little shoulders a infera
bly above her ears, she would boM Iter
breath and fumble blindly tor the ttr5 till
Orelia, out of all patience, would d! the fa
tal twitch, when a strangled shriek might hn
heard in the descending rush like that of
caught mouse, and liosa would mrgi all
pink and palpitating, and glad It was over.
The Speed of Birds.
the spued of -i
emigrating, is not lets than fifty milt 8 an hour ;
so that when aided by the wmdj they
WHrVi mrm m la I :t 11 .1 aa Tl ltu ..1. U... m
calculated that the wallow cart flr at ti. i
rate of ninety two miles an hour; an I tn
speed of hawkt and several other is on hun
dred and fifty miles an hour.
l,441,OOopay tbi iddler."
tbe Ml. Vernon tshig My tbat tho Cent
wat occupied on last Tuesday id the trial of a)
case in which the value of two iheep was it,
reived. The proof showed tbtfra to be worth
three dollar, the ease was tried three tim-
by a jury before tbe J us Lice of the Peae-
has been pending two terms hi (be Cmrmoen
Pleas. The cost will probably a mount tv