i. tv. mtorii i:uior.
SATURDAY, AUO. 27, 185:.
WHIG STATE NOMINATIONS.
ma i.iKorKniKT r.orrntnK.
ISAAC J. AI.LKN.
" m Tiin tHin nr rrTt.
IIEiNRY nitAC'II.M AN.
' of ILimiHon.
MHiHHtTtiif nr rTr.
NELSON II. VAN VOIUIES.
nn TTimn:r urirrrtAt .
WILLIAM II. CJIIISON.
rnn tvrnr.r. jrnr.r.
FRANKLIN T. IJACKLS.
ran onior rcm.ic winm,
THE PEOPLE'S CANDIDATE.
VOR STATE COMMISSIONS OF COMMON SCHOOLS,
Nothing definite ns yet has transpired on
(bis exciting question, but the belief now i
that it will be terminated peaceably. Wc
must say, though a peaceable man, that we
feel a little ?orry and disappointed that the
question should be settled without a war.
Wc bad high hopes that a blight and auspic
ious day was ubout to dawn on the down
troden millions of Europe. We had bright
hopes, that the Land of the Magyars would
soon become the Laud of the Free, nnd that
treacherous nnd barbirous Hr.i3C of the
Ha k's Nest, would be brought to feel that
there is a just God who rules among the Na
tions. We bad hopes that the land of Virgil
and Cicero would scon be a land of slaves
no more. But our hopes have almost vanish
ed into air. God in his goid and w ise Prov
idence does not sec (it lo answer the wishes
and prayers of the oppressed millions of our
race yet; but wc have still faith to believe
that the day is not fir dislant, when the na
tions of the Old World will be among the
hnppiest and freest na'ions of the Globe.
Yes, the day will inevitably come, when the
Russian Bear, the Ilapsburgs, the Popes,
the Sultans and all the potentates nnd oppress
ors of ihe world, will bo brought to know and
to realize, that there if a holy and just God,
who bottles up the blood nnd the tears of ag
ony nnd despair of his slaughtered and op
pressed creatures; nnd that though the poor,
and the downlroden pas away nnd cense to
be remembered on earth, they are not forgot
ten in Heaven. Though the monarchs of Eu
rope now compromise on (he most humilia--ting
and disgraceful terms, that they may
still sit securely on their thrones to sway iron
sceptres over their miserable, bleeding sub
jects, yet the day will come when their thrones
shall be shaken to their foundations; yea, w hen
they shall crumble and full to dust and atoms,
ami on their ruins shall be erected by grate
ful hearts and holy hands, altars to God and
The following truthful remarks on the sub
ject of friendship, wo clip from the Home
There is such n thing as true frienesbip,
founded on the congeniality of touts. There
- are those who are capable of being true friends
under all circumstances, but they arc indeed
few. And these few are found, without scarce
ly one single exception, in the humbler walks
of life. It is just as impossible far a votary
of Mammon, to feel the pure and holy senti
ments of friendship, ns it is for a "rich man to
enter into the Kingdom of Heaven." If we
were to start out in the search of true friends,
we should seek for humble dwellings of hum
ble deciples of Him w ho taught, "Love your
enemies" for if any one can love his ene
mies, as a true christian can and must, he enn
be faitbfal to those who are not his enemies.
We have as little confidence in the Christian
ity nr friendship of thoso who nre seeking nf
4.kt wealth or fume, ns a general thing, as we
have iu death-bed repentance. Hut here
ihe extract, read it and see how near it cor
responds with your own experience, kind
' reader :
.. "I it Dot surprising that ordinary friend
ships are generally so frail, f.ilso i.nd treach
erous, and that there should be moro credit
in breaking them off than in perpetuating
them The common friendship of the woild
is the most corrupt nnd selfish thing imagin
able. It is the pursuit of individuxl aims un
der the guise of pretended attachment; it is
the homage which the poor and humble pay
(o the purse-proud nnd rich, nnd consists of
cringing and degrading srvilit ies based upon
appurtenances in qe. Lot us have no friend
'etups such as these, in which duplicity is the
'condition, submission the tribute, and dishon
or the sacrifice. . If you cannot strike you
cannot stand. - : ,
' A young man by the name of Josheph
Keineek, about 18 years of age, whoso father
resides iq Rice township, was instantly killed,
on Saturday last, by the accidental discharge
of a gun, We understand that be was lean-
- lug on ihe gun, and in raising up it was
dian after bim, when the hammer cuught
-upon a log of the bouse aud was drawn par
tially back, fur enough to burst tho eap on
being disengaged. The whole charge enter
ed li right tide killing him almost, ina'anlly.
jC?Our nunli rstccincJ nn I personal
fiicndT. 1'. Finkfroik, was thrown from liis
'"'pty. about ii week tincr, niul very revere
j ly Inn I. The horse lie was diiving ran away
with liim hihI the buguy sliikin a slump, la
wns liirown lo the ground onto ono fide of his
head, injuring his bend imd neck, very much
indeed, l'rovi Jintially tho ground wlicre
lie struck was rallior plastic, otherwise lie
must In nil hum n probability, bnvo been kill
ed, lie was tnken to the house of Mr. Sny
der where In; still rcmiiin. und where ho ling
received every attention that itiC most genu-!
ine kindness nnd benevolence could invent.
lie will bo able to come to Fremont to-mor-
row or mxt. day. Though his very large!
circle of personal friends here, will all be very
glad to sec him, none will be moro so, thnn
ourself. Though violently opposed to us in
politics, wc hold l.im in very high esteem as a
friend, as n man of fine lcgM nequ'rements,
nnd as a man of excellent anil manly pr inciples.
W o noticed last night, in p issing up Cro-u
ghnn street, that the old Stone School house
had t ntirely disappeared, "like tile b;i6ch s j fa -ric
of a vision, thnt leavrs not a wreck behind."
The old "Temple of science" has had its day
aud passes of the stage to give place lo the
new and beautiful Union School house which
wili soon be completed. However desirable
the change may bo.lhero are yet many hearts
made sad as liiey look upon tho grounds
where the companion of their opening life has
stood so long grounds too, hallowed by the
sighs, and tears, and sweat nnd ajjony of
themselves nnd their youthful playmates.
Ahi! the rugged frowning stono walls nie
gone its gloomy grand uer departed, nnd
only inbbish marks its former site. It has
gone to the shades of forgctfulncss; but its
spectre lingers awhile upon earth to haunt
the memoiies of those who know it ns one
of the mementos of their earlier pilgrim ig
upon the shores of time, and then to be
"Upon the lonfrtie
of pray Tradiiion, voluMu no more."
Peace to its manes.
iT0ur subscribers nt Elmore make griev
ioiis complaints that their papers do not reach
them until the Friday subsequent lo their
publication, nnd that they nrrivc by the wny
of the Port Clinton mail. Their paper?, with
the rest, are all duly mailed at this place on
Silt Ill-fin V. film llliV tf tlmjl- nii1.ltKi1 tt.nl
t.. J ruulI,,,IJ llu
as they receive a daily mail via. cars, we know
no reason why they should not receive them
with other matters from Fremont. Our post
office arrangements arc certainly efficient, and
if the agents of the government discharge
their duties with care and exactness, there is
no need of any such delay. We do hope our
Elmore friends hereafter, will get their pa
pers, by the proper route, and at the proper
jCtTThcrc was a temperance meeting on
last Wednesday evening, at Voik North
Piidge, inTownsend, at the Methodist Church
near Mr. Isaac RichieV. The meeting
was largo, intelligent nnd enthusiastic. It
demonstrated to us that thu people feel that
there ought to be something done to stay the
burning, destroying tide of intemperance thnt
now sweeps over our beloved country with
such fearlul surges and dreadful conscquen
ses. A larg? number of ladies were presen'.
and manifested deep and truly praiseworthy
inleicst in the great cause of humanity.
They also mingled their sweet voices in the
exercises of the evening, in singing 6omo ex
cellent and appropriate temperance soncf.
It was tho largest and most interesting tem
perance meeting we have yet had tho pleas
ure of attending in Sauduskr County.
Fast Men. The vicious die early. They
fall like shadows, or tumble like wrecks and
ruins into the grave often while quite young,
almost always before forty, ihe wicked liv-
eth not halt his days." I ho world nt once
stifles the truth, and assigns the reason by
d escribing the dissolute ns "fast men;" that
is, they live fast; they spend their twelve
hours in six, getting Uirough them while oth
ers nre in Ine tlory ol lite. "1 heir run goes
down while it is yet day." And they might
have helped lL Many a one dies long before
he need. Vour men of trenius, like ISurns
and Byron, lo whom, when dissipated and
profligate, thirty seven is so fatal ; and your
obscure and nameless "wandering stars," who
waste their youth in libertine indulgence
they cannot live long. They roust die early.
They put on steam till they blow their boilers.
They run at such a rate, that the tire goes
out for want of fuel. The machinery is des
troyed by reckless speed and rapid wear.
Nothing can save ihem, Their physical sys
tem cannot stand the strain they put to it;
while the state of their- minds is often such
that the soul would eat tho substance of the
most robust body, nnd make for itself a way
of escape from the iuccssant hell of its own
Have we Frcmonler. any "fail men"
among us Who can answer the question?
We have been told, but wo will not vouch for
the truth of it, that we have a few fast youny
men among us. If there are any young gen
tlemen in Fremont who gut fuddled moro or
less several nights out of every week, we sup
pose the shoe will fit them. "We shall see
what wo shall" see we bit all see who com
plains if any.
We think the Amencan people as a gene
ral thin?, are oil a little too fast We eat too
fust, wa drink too fast, we work too fast and
we die too fust. Some may doubt whether
we die too fast; but we will not spend time,
nor occupy space to the exclusion of some
thing more useful, lo argue the point. But
to be serious; we hopo every young man who
may chance to read the above extract, may
lake time nnd re-read it, and reflect upon
It is more truthful than poetical Its
Commissioner of Common Schools.
The Tclcgrnph nnnouencs tlio nominntion,
yesterday, nt Columbus by the Democratic
Convention, of ('. K. Baunkv. ns School Com
missioner. Daily limit nf Thursday evening.
Who is O. F. Barney? Is ho the same
Barney who wns once Resident Engineer on
the Minmi Canal when Tim Bates was mem
ber of l1io Doard of Public Woika? If so,
there will be some rich devlopements made
or we don't know some things we think wc
O. L Ninis has jnst returned from New-
York, where he purchased n larpe stock of
,,,u winter goods expressly for tlie good
people of Sandusky county, nnd mankind gen
ernlly. A largo nmottnt of tho goods has
already been received, nnd are now on exhi
bition at Head Quarters. Admittance froo.
J. Dougherty offers his Grocery for sale.
Hon. I!. F Wade w ill please accept otirj
th inks for a copy of Andrew's Itepori on Col
onial nnd Lake Trade. To us it is a very val-
able document, indeed.
Wc learn from the Sandcsky County Dem
ocrat that there will bo a meeting of the
Voting Men at the Court House on Monday
evening Aug. 20th for the purpose of organ
zing a literary Association. A good idea.
Wc hope it may not "fizzle" ns everything o
the kind has hercto'oro.
jCHon. James Myers of Toledo City hat
been nominated by the Democratic State Con
vention, which met on the 24th inst., as a Can
didate for Lieut. Govcno"-, 'o sup ly the vacan
cy on the ticket, of Lester Ri.iss, declined.
"Jeenii," is a gentlemen, who heretofore, has
been of inflexible Free Soil connections, nnd
is dead set against tho Maine Liquor Low.
Wc suppose our Free Soil brethren will not
take on very much, since their democratic
friends have used such timber ns they would
not be likely to use themselves, even if they
were hnrd run for material. Free Soilers
would not be likely, in any event, to use anti-temperance
ggTc Worlds Fair Exhibition, nnd the
Crystal Palace bIso, nre wearing off tho an
lipalhy, and removing the venom with which
the various prints throughout the Union teem
ed not long sinco. It is said upon tho whole
to be n creditable affair worthy of the nation
who gives it, nnd in no wise inferior to thnt of
last yenr. Jonathan is a rapid boy a rapid
ly growing lad ; nnd although there may bo an
inconvenience in consequence of want of
"room" occasioned thereby, (as in tho case of
building the Crystal Palace in the heart of
tho cily of N. Y.) still Jonathan is bound to'
"cut a ftggcr." If wo nre lo believe the re
ports of visitors, tho United States stand a
head in the display of substantial and useful
Foreign nations, too, it seems, arc inclined
to treat the boy with respect, and appear anx
ious to be represented in the exchange of
compliments judging from the amount of
packages already opened nnd exhibited,
and tho huge number yet being received, and
We look upon this "swapping" of sentiment
among the nntiors of the earth, as ono of the
greatest promotions of pence betweeu them.
Inhabitants of other Countries spending n
month with us, go home carrying feelings of
friendship for us as n people, and interest in
our welfare as a nation.
An editor in Berkshire, having been ap
pointed Justice of ihe peace, advertises his
cooking-stove, n first rate one, nnd nearly new
for sale nt half price. Exchanye Paper.
Poor fellow, prosptrily will be tho ruin
XSTTlic New Hampshire Free Democracy
met at Concord on the 25inst. There was a
very large attendance, and several distinguish
ed speakers were present; among whom were
Moses Luck and John P. Hale. Free Soil
Doctrines were warmly and strongly advoca
ted, and tho Fugitive Slave Law denounced.
Mr. Hale in alluding to iho provisions of
the Fugitive Slavo Law, nnd its unreasona
bleness, suggested that the only remedy was
in a devoted attachment to the Free Soil prin
ciples. The meeting is said lo have been
SiTTho Annual Commencement of Stah
li.vg Medical session of 1853-4 and Cata-
lougeof Graduates for the session of 1852-3,
has just been received. The number of reg-
ular graduutes of the session of 1852 53,
were 41. The number of Honorary grad
uates, were 3.
Tickets of all tho Professsors $0.1,00
Matriculating Tickets, " 3,0;)
Graduation Fee, 20,00
Tickets for tho privileges of the Dissecting
Rooms, including the services of the Demon
From what we know of this Institution, we
believe it to be ono of the best, at leant, in the
f-ff" We have just received from J. 13. Cobb
and Co .Clevel ind O., a copy of Young's Cp
izen's Manual. We consider it a very hand
some present, and what is better in this utili
tarian age, we consider it a very valuable
one ; hence it may be appropriately termed
utile dtdcL The Manual is a very useful
work, and ought to be in every family libra-
fW The number of houses of public wor
ship in the United Stales is 30.0CO
The number of persons they will accommo
date is 13,349,896
These houses are valued at 180,410,039
The Methodists have a larger number of
churches than any other denomination.
yThe daily consumption of wa'er in
London, is equal the conlems of a lake Gfty
acres in cxtent(and a mean depth of three feet
;CTWc nre sorry to scu (hat many of the
shade trees upon tho public iqunrc nro going
tho way of all tho earth. If there bo any one
thing which can add to the beauty of a town
more than another, w c should hold up both
hands for shade trees. Our public rqunrc
looks naked and desolate, with its dead and
dying trc s nnd patches of May weeds. Is
there no balm in Gilcad ?
Hi nt's Magazine estimates tho amount of
money in active circulation in the United
States at $ 294,470,157, which reckoned tho
population ut 25,000,000, would make ft 1 2
per head. It was til in 1810 nnd 1820,
and but$3 60 in 1830.
it r What next who knows what? There
are certainly some new things under the sun,
Tha traveling communinity, especially that
portion thut travels for pleasure, will read,
wo have no doubt, the following with n crcat
deal of interest. Hero it is:
A Company of Troy, have just got up for
the Hudson llivcr Railroad, a car about for
ty five feet long, nnd nine and a half wide,
tho whole cut up in state rooms of eight feet
square. Each roomi? calculated for one par
ty or family, nnd is furnished with ono sofa
four chairs, a looking glass, nnd a small ma
hogany centre (able. Tho panels nre painted
in landscape, the ceiling hung with silk, and
tho fluor hung with li-pestry carpet. The
rooms nre entered from a passage wny on tho
side, nnd tho whole amirably lighted nnd
ventilated. In the fjnvard part of tho car
is n wash room ; in tho reur, n snug little
nook for the use nnd occupancy of a cham
bermaid. This car is intended ns an experi
ment. Should it meet with a patronage
worthy of its comforts, Mr.Frencli intends to
have twenty more immediately constructed.
Wc see that our market is flooded with tho
various fruits of the season, such as peaches,
apple?, musk and water melons, nectarines
Arc. Ac. It may not be out of place at this
time to caution our fellow citizens against in
dulging to freely in these things as our coun
try is not yet free from thut tcrill'c scourge
KIT The Home Journal says : "The oval
form now given to huts is of comparatively
recent introduction, dating, we believe, not
more than twenty years back. Previous to
that timo round blocks were employed, and
tho head of the wenrer, to its great discom
fort, was left to perform ihe task of accom
modating the hat to its proper shape.
iCT Lord Shaftesbury recently submitted
to one hundred cily missionaries tho follow
ing question, with a view to ascertain their
experience on early habits. It is well worthy
lie serious attention of parents, guardians and
teachers and indeed of all who have anything
lo do with the education of youth. Here are
the question and answer:
How many do you estimate, having lived
nn honest life up to twenty years of age, have
afterwards fallen away, and entered on
vicious courses?" The answer from almost
every one was, "Not Iwo in one hundred."
itjrAhugo bear weighing 4911bs,was
killed in Fauquier county Va., on the 30th
July last, uftcr he had slain qui'.o a number
iP5f" There has been sent lo the World's
Fair, from Eiio Ta., a sheep, girthing nine
feet, with wool 35 inches long.
TTho length of tho City of New Orleans
along the Mississippi, is 7 n-.iles, and its
depth, extending back from the river to Lake
Pontchartrain, is about 4 miles. Tho pres
ent area of the city is 40 square miles, being
double the area of tho incorporated limits of
New York, which embrace Ihe whole of Man
haltan Island, and pressing a surface greater
than that of the present area of London.
The present area of New Orleans could with
out difficulty, contain 2,000,000 inhabitants.
The present population during tho business
season, is not less perhaps, than 175,001.
Inasmuch ns curiosity is universal, nnd ev
erybody wants lo know everything, wc subjoin
tho following description of how ono feels
with Iris head off.
It is considered on nil sides thnt the body
has no feeling after decapitation ; for the brain
being the seat of sensation to the whole frame
through ihe medium of the spinal marrow, ev
ery part of the body, beneath the joint at
which the tatter may uc aiviuua must do ue-
prived of feeling. lJut it by no means follows
that tho head is deprived of sensation immc
diately after decapitation, nor that it may not
retain its conctousoess, ana like tno beau ot
an Irish Kt., who was killed by Suladin in the
Holy War, get up and declare that il was nev
er cut off by so sweet a scimitar before nor
like that of tho assassin Legarc, swear round
ly nt the execulioner for not keeping a keen
ei axe; but il is quite possible that it may be
troubled with very serious relleclions on the
irrevocability of its fate, and the awfulness of
its deprivation. In support ol this unpleas
ant theory, many facts nro adduced, with
rave vouchors tor their authenticity. Amonj
others is tho unfortunate Queen of Scotls,
whose lips continued moving in prayer for at
least quarter of an hour after the executioner
I. ...I ......r..-i,.il Imc Jut!. .a VVirt.lt btnf..a tlint
having put his mouth to the ear of a decapi
tatco ci imihal's head, and culled him by name
the eves turned to tho side from whence the
voice came; and this fact is stated by Fonten-
ello. Mo:; ore Guillotine, Nanche and Alma
On the word murder being called, in thu case
of a criminal executed for that crime at Cob
den the half closed eyes opened with an cxpros
ston of reproach on those who stood around.
Ohio Artists. The New York Trbune,
in an article on the Daguerreotype depart
mont of the Crystal Palace, pays the following
handsome compliment to the artists of Ohio
Mr. North, of Clevland, O., has a case of
pretty fair likenesses, perhaps exhibi'ing the
ights too strongly. Liisbce of Dayton, O., ex
hibits a panoramic view' of Cincinnati from
Newport upon six large plates' This view is
without exception, tho finest thing in the
whole room; we might even go further, nnd
say that it is Ihe bnest view by the Daguer
rean process ever exhibited. The mechanical
execution is excellent, the perspective good
and tho dcvelopement unsurpassed. The ef
feet of the smoke over the southern part of
the city is very finely given. The distinct
ness of the letter signs, three quarters of
mile distant and across the Ohio river, is well
The oldest sign painter in the world lives
in Iowa. Among his Grst works were the
signs of the Zodiac.'
For the Journal.
MT. VERNON, Aug. 23d, 1853.
Mu. Emtoii Dear Sin; Tho iron horse
harnessed snd hitched to a (rain of cars; wc
started with a goodly number of Fremonters
for the South, leaving some of our company
nt every station nnd taking others on. Our
iron steed ran ns if destruction nnd denth were
in close pursuit of him, passing over ravines
and rivers, through hills and vallies, fields
and meadows, regardless of the past nnd
fearless of tho future. Dut thanks lo our
good luck, wo arrived at our place of destina
tion all safo and sound, nt 4 o'clock P. M. of
tho samo day wo left Fremont.
I met on my wny hero with the lion of the
Free-soil parly in iho west, Mr. E. Smith.
Ho informed mc thnt tho temperance ques
tion was right side, up, under his superintend
nnce. in nil tho frcesoil counties in tho State
how many such counties thero nre, I know
not. Dut whether they nro many or few, he
assured mo that they would all elect Maine
Dr. Jewell and Mr. Dow have been here
stirring up tho pure minds of the pocplo on
this groat question and they are spoken of
as able advocates of the cause. I hope Fre
mont may be favored with a visit from ono or
both of these great and good men. I am in
formed that the Democratic party of this
county, have nominated anti Maine Law men
for the Leyislature. I am sorry for that.
The Whigs hare held their convention, but
adjourned to meet at the limn of the meeting
of the Tomerance League, which takes place
in a few days. However, after tho adjourn
ment, a few milk-and-water whigsgot togeth
er and nominated a inilk-nnd-wnter, or rather
a whisky-and-wntcr candidate such men, Mr.
Editor, n wo fear, will be put upon the couise
in Sandusky county. Men who are, and al
ways have been temperance men, and w ill go
for any law that will be constitutional; but
whose constitutional .consciences nro so very
tender, that they nro compelled to say to their
anti-Maino Law friends, "Peace be still."
"The Maine Law is unconstitutional. Il can't
be passed in Ohio;" and the waves and bil
lows of opposition cease, "and there is a great
calm." But while tho waves cease on one
hand, tho fires burn on tho other, "und it will
no go." Upon this question there must
bo decision. The dominant party must de
cide in favor of this question, or defeat and
ruin, sooner or later, will ho their fate. The
temperance men here, ns well as elsewhere,
fall parties are firm, party lines are not strong
enough to hold them in iho rank and file of
the' old whig and democratic parlies. Whut!
for tho s ike of party politics, party power, and
party office, will you ask men to sacrifice the
ealth, Ihe hnppiness, Iho peace and the very
lives of their fellow men. And will they do
' A demon might, but a man will never!
Dut enough! From my hea't I pity the
Rum dealer. He is tho servant, vea. the
waiter of the loathsome drunkard.
"I'd sooner black my visage o'er,
And put tho shine on boots and shoes,
Thnn stand within a liquor store
And rinse the glasses drunkards use."
Wealth Created by Railroads.
We have often laid beforo our readers,
of the mos convincing character, of the im
portant influence. Railroads have been in
creasing the value of property in tho State
where they nre 6iluittu. lielow we give
some additional testimony in favor of this
proposition, in the statistics tor this State,
which the Chicago Press has taken from the
Economist. It is known that early in 1852,
the Southern Michigan and the Michigan Cen
tral Roads were e.omplcted through to Chi
cago, ao lar ns these roads could operate.
therefore, enhancing the valuoof property in
the counties through which they passed, that
influence existed in full forco throughout the
year 1852. Now mark tho result as indica
ted in the assessment of property in Michigan
for the years 1851 and 1853, respectively
the one before, the other after, the comple
tion of these roads:
ASSESSED PROPERTY: IS MICIIIQAK.
Thero are some i7u'riy counties in the State
of Michigan, besides the Northern Peninsular
of thnt Slate lying upon Luke Superior. 1 ho
two railroads run through but twelve of these
counties. Now, bad this increase of $55,-
207.53S bean equitably distributed over the
whole State, the railroad counties would be
entitled to about one seventh of it, or nearly
eii;ht millionsof dollars. But what are the fuels
We present them in the. following tables.
The counties through which tho Central Road
runs have udvanced ns follows in value:
Total 111,884,257 $40,444,018
Tho counties through which tho Southern
runs show the following increase of value
Total $5,166,899 $18,869,358
From which it appears that instead of
showing only-one seventh of the total increase
of value in the Slate, tho twelve railroad
ceunties actually have over three fourths of
the entire increase of value nt tne whole btale.
We know not what stronger argument could
be presented in favor of the advantages of
railroads, so fur as regards their agency in
the creation ot wealth. lie.. Tribune.
Hero is something for the Spirit Rappers
to consider upon. Husbands will also take
A married gentleman, present at a rapping
circly, being informed that the power depen
ded wholly on the will, begged thnt his wife
might try it, ns he had never seen anything
resist Lcr will.
NEW YORK, Aug. 24.
The slcnmor Northern Light from San Ju
nn de Nicaragua, Aug. 15tirith San Fran
cisco dates to Aug. 1st., arrived at 12 o'clock
la-t night. She brings 120 passengers und
U1.123.9C0 in dust on freight.
Among the passengers nro D. C. Sanders,
late Collector of tho port of S in Francisco.
The notorious tobber Joaquin, is reported
to have been killed.
Mining prospects nre excellent Agrlcnl
tural crops not so promising, especially wheat.
Squatters dillieully at San Francisco, pass
ed over pcarably. Outrages had been com
milcd on old settlers by lawless Marauders,
firms were seized, nnd the owners, in some
instance, were made to pay for keeping their
cattle on their own land.
Governor Iligler has taken tbo stump for
Rands of Indians were making sad havoc
in tho southern country the citizens have
taken Iho field against them, nnd the Supreme
Court of the State , had decided that Califor
nia, and not (the United Slates,) owns all tho
mines and mineral within her boi dors.
Tho Times at San Francisco, says trade has
been quite active since the sailing of the lost
Cumberland, August 23.
No new deaths by cholera up to last night
nnd tho physicians say tho disease is much
milder and is abating.
Baltimore, August 23.
The Board of health of Mobile commenced
reporting deaths by fever on Iho 17lh. On
that day they wero 4 deaths.
New York August 23.
Tho Arabia in her last trip out mado the
passage in 9 days nnd 17 hours.
Last evening (ho Crystal Palace was light
ed with gas and the result was very grand.
It will soon be thrown open iu the evening.
Washington, August 23.
Fayette A. Ringgold has been appointed
Consul at Hayti.
New Orleans, Aug. 21.
The number of interments to day were 270
including 240 of yellow fever. Total number
of deaths during tho week 1150, of fever;
deaths yesterday 290.
Boston, Aug. 23.
Wo have dates from Pott nu Prince. The
yellow fever still exists. Political ufl'airs quiet.
BOSTON, Aug. 24th.
Tho Steamer Piicelon sailed from Halifax,
Aug. lGili , for Prince Edward's Island.
No other American fishing vessels have
From the St. Paul Pioneer.
Chops. Reports from all parts of tho Ter
ritory arc favorable the farmers say their
crops cculd not be better. Tho new farms
in Dakota, Henepin and Shakapce counties,
are producing beyond the expectations oft'ie
most sanguine. Mr. Barnuin of White Bea
ver Lake Settlement, in Washington county,
says thnt the farmers in that settlement are
producing wheat, rye, outs, corn, potatoes, 4c.
in great abundance und of superior quality.
An exchange says "tho farmers in Iowa
aro unable to sleep nt night on uccount of the
racket made by the rapid growth of the corn."
At tho fa m of Mr. Larpenteur, on the road
from St. Paul to St. Anthony, a largo wheat
field has received within the past week nu
merous heavy and very perceptablu shocks,
owing doubtless to the pressure of the im
mense weight of wheat. The field, which a
week since presnted a golden surface of lux
uriant wheat, is now iu a shocking condition.
Wc are blessed with some as good farmers
and gardeners as the world cm produce,. and
while wo delight :o boast of thoio we have,
it uffords us pleasure to say, theie is yet
room for others of tho same surf
Fort Ridoely. This is the name of the
new Fort on tho Minnesota River, which, un
der tho superintendence of Cant. N. J. T.
Dana, is now progressing finely. Thu Ciipt.
understands how to push things ahead, and
his having been selected to direct this impor
tant work, shows that his energy is duly ap
preciated. Fort Ririgely is in a pleasant lo
cation, and will no doubt become a favorite
station, with the officers of iho army. For a
dragoon station it nil be much more pleasant
I nan any other location within tho territory.
rens i'ROM "Distant 1'kmiiina." Ihe lied
River Caravan, whose arrival wo announced
a week or two since, brought down from that
region three thousand nine hundred buffalo
robes, together with thirty packs and eight
Inrge boxes ot lurs, nil the product of last
year's chase, which were shiped on board the
steamer Clurion, on Friday last, for St. Louis.
The Caravan purchase their supplies from
year to year of our merchants, and their trade
forms a considerable item to them.
Railhoad Li miier An ngnnt of the Cin
cinnati and SL Louis linilroad has contracted
with tho Rotary Mill Company of this place
for 40,000 railroad tics, and 500,000 feet of
fencing, to be delivered at the landing oposite
St. Louis. A portion will be delivered this
fall, and tne remainder next spring.
Disaster on the Lake.
The Propeller Brunswick, Capt. Campbell
and the Steamer Wisconsin, Capt Hays, came
in collision last ni'Mit, three miles Irom the
West Sister about U o'clock in the evening,
mid the Wiseonson sank in five fathoms of
water in less than eight minutes.
The Wisconsin was bound from Toledo to
Sandusky, und left hereabout 5 o'clock P. M
Tke Brunswick was struck on the starboard
side, some tweivo feet from the bow.
The crews were all saved, and no accident
happened to any individual personally oneith
The Brunswick is slightly injured in the
bulwarks by the collision. The clerk of the
II neousm had just time to save his books and
pnpers. tier crew were brought back to lo
ledo by the Brunsiouk.
At a wide uitterencu ot opinion exists ns to
immediate cause of the disaster und tho blame
to be attached to tho respective prties we for
beur lo make any fuithcr statements for the
present. Blade 2oth lust.
Mas. General Gaines. Mrs. Gaines and
her beautiful daughter nre now in the city of
ttew lorn. A new and most important wit
ness in behalf of Mrs. Gaines's riu'lit to theim
mense nroDertv she claims in New Orleans,
has recently been discovered, whose testimo
ny will clear away every vestago of doubt that
may heretofore have hune about the case.
This witness is no loss a person than General
Villimel, of South America, a gentleman of
distinction nnd most unblemished character,
who was himself personally cognizant of tho
principal fact necessary for Mrs. Gaines to
prove. Learning that some uilhculty existed
on this point, ho voluntarily left his home,
cume to tho United States, and offered bis
testimony to Mrs. Guiucs.
MASSACIIfSKTTS POLITIC Tl,n
lions of tho ihreo parties in sil 1 conycn
nil lobe held hSfZtSTw
Free Soilers meeting at Vi,A u . '" snJ
Democrat at Worcester Th. "ie
meel first, on tho 1 8 III the D,.m rC8 Soilcr'
22d, nnd the hig, 0' ' " h,
to be n fourth Cot,," r,,.c.ro
fourth Convention" r ..v-:-1,,.c.r?
wHi.'im il., i.uiionaijje
rular r'?" "CM that tha
c,.r ti.: . . u:,vcmion eeu in wor.
1 1, l " ""'(' is of the opi
Ihnt this conveni nn . ",-P
Sin e office rs i,,nomi' - ticket for
f,,X"!' ne TPOsed to the present
pel n its unconditional
votes of thosl 9 'Ckel tl''
aider that e?.pl"se,d to Iho law, who con
arty no ,rS,;f or to
probyabrnom T j;i,7rGU "1
or, unless ho should dec! e 'P,10VrQrn;
party will probnply make . e- ? ?
Hon Alh,,ii r ' , . now "ominulion.
The Cincinnati Conm,err;i : i-
of Chinese affairs, m,.kes tho following .
mar s, w,cl, are worthy of consideration:
iho Tr ' i character or Iho policy of
iy. ihe Ciineso snv f h,.v t i
The rerturi . f iu , . " wiunseimen.
r1,'? ""A,1111 i8 priests:" u 'i
der date of May 7lh, Mr. Taylor L , llmTa-
chief Tainp " wilh dlh- r the
s "Hel "f U'KytrV I;em') Mr. Taylor
reLi'vinlV 'e8e9t" bu divin'y inspired
ZZT v ",Blr!,c,i0118 diroct f.om the' Al-
2,,rB w,mt wocn" ,u,,rn o,i,im h
l r I to,l;o'!s-rtofcllincso J Smith."
M. lnylor thinks nol ,ikl,, bnt h R fa ,
will succeed in ovcrihrowin,,n, r
JltTiI I'llUTtf luil I,.. ... t-
w r. I. . . - ..
ogned ,,t ,he dat0 of lhu circuar
Glass windows were first used- in 1180:
Chimnies in houses 1230; Lead pipes for con-
!Z?ern,cr' ,552: T"l,ow cnndels fo, lights
W JO ; Spectacles invented by nn Indian, 12
90; 1 aper first made from linen, 1302; Wool
en cloth, lirst made iu F.nglaniS , 1221- tt
of nniming in oil colors, 1410; IVintmy inven
ted, 144!); Watches made in Germany 1477 ;
ariations of compass first noticed, 15 40;
1 ins first used in England, 1543; Cireula-'
lion of human blood lirst discovered by Har
vey, 1G19; First newspaper published lGHO;
list steam engine invented, 1749; First firo
engine mvent.d, 1703; First cotton
planted in the U. S., 1700; Steam . m-ina
improved by Watts, 1709; Slcam Cotton mill
erected, 1 , 83 : Stereotype p.-inling invented,
in Scotland, 1785; Animal Magnetism discov
ered by Mcsmer, 1 788 ; Sabbath School es-
laDiishrd in lorkslure England, 1789 Electro
Magnetic Telegmph invi nted bv Morse in 18-
UnLruei reolvon nrnr ir,.....,i...l I cm
Lciciston Farmer and Mechanic.
The Lahcest Tree in the Woiir.n. Trn
i a cedar tree urowin? in ilm m, ,,:,,. ,.e
Calaveras county, California, about twenty
miles north-east of Murphy's which is said lo
oe uie largest tree in the world. A corres
pondent ol the Sonora Herald, who recently
maue nn excursion to see it, thus describes it
A I Ihe ground, its eiicunifeience was nim-i.-.
two feet; four feet above thut, il was e-lity.
eight; and ten feet above that, it was sixu-om,
lectin circumference,- and that the tapering
of the shaft was very gradual. Its hei .lit, us
measured by Captain 11., is one hundred and
iigiuj-iHC. ioistrecis by no means a de-
tormily, as most trees wilh large trunks are.
it is throughout one of peilect symmetry,
while its enormous proportions inspire (ho be
holder with emotions nt' m.ii ...
Elegance und Beamy are insenerable concom
itants of iis grandeur. 1 huv said that this
is the largest tree yet discovered in the woild.
is so. uio celebruted tree of Fremont,
would have to grow manv ceiiturh-a h..f..i it
could pretend lo bo called anything but a
younger brother. It is said that a tree was
once tound in Senegal, iu Africa, whose trunk
measurou ninety feet in circumference. But
no other has ever been uble lo lind it since its
first discovery. It is called by natives Baob
ab; by botanists yWansonia diyituta. But it
uuumieu mat none can now be found with
a circumference greater than eighty-one feet.
,uy" lru m mexico called tho Taxodium
which is said to be one hundred nrl Bv,-n.
leen feetiu circumference, but some have said
inai is lormed by the union of several trees.
The height of all these foreign trees is not
more, in any case, ihan seventy feet: and nnnn
of the trunks are more than ten feet The
age of this mammoth cedar of California, if
eacn zone may be reckoned ono year is about
two thousand five hundred and twmity years.
t e.i-uuii ot ine wood which t brought home
with me, exclusive of tho sun. which is but lit
tle more than one inch thick, numbers about
fourteen zones or graius to tho inch. At
mat, rate, it it were permuted to grow it would
inciease its diameter one-seventh of an inch
every year. In eighty-four yeais its diameter
would be increased one foot; in eight hundred
and forty years, ton feet-so thut it would
men oo lorty leet in diameter, and one hun
dred and tweuty feet in circumference.
Statistics op thf Yellow Feverin New
Orleans. Tho Now Orleaus Bulletin of the
11th in an article on the extent of the epi
demic in this and former years, furnishes the
following information: Id 1822, the deaths
from yellow fever wero 808 or 1 in 63 28 of
Iho population. In 1841 the denths were),
325 or 1 in 78 12 of ihe population. In
1847 the deaths were 2,252 from yellow fe
ver and 1,924 of other diseases the popula
tion 90,000. This Benson up to the 11th the
deaths had renched 3,039 from yellow fever,
besides 1,747 Irom other causes. The most
fatal day this Reason was the 24th of August,
wben 208 died of yellow fever. In 1847 tbo
highest number of deaths in any one day
from yellow fever wns 77; in 1841,43 deaths
1833, 33: in 1822, 00.
No Good Deed Lost. Philosophers tell
us that since the creation of the world, not
one singlo particle of matter has ever been
lost It may have passed into new shapes
it may have been combined with other ele
ments it may have floated away in smoke or
vapor, but it is not lost. r
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