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title: 'Fremont journal. (Fremont, Sandusky County [Ohio]) 1853-1866, September 03, 1853, Image 1',
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I.W. BOOTH, Editor and Publisher.
The JnORir.,ia published ry Riitnrday morn
lij Oflica in liiirklitnrT Brick Uitilding lliird
toryi Fremont, Sandusky county. Ohio.
Single copy; per year, In advanca. $ 1 SO
Paid within the year, 3 00
Town eubicritierewillbecherue d fl 75. The dif
ference in thnlermebetweenthe priceon paper
deli re red i n town and those rent by mail,ia ncca
hned by I he expense of carrying.
HowToSmr ATAPr.R. rimtupethntyoiiriave
paid for it p to the time yon wish it to atop: notify
the Poat M inter of your rfei re, and ask him to no
tify the pulilishcr.il nd" r his franl-,( ns he is author
ised to do) of your wish to discontinue.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Dne aqnara 1 3 I'm first insertion . .... $0 50
Do earli addiliona linaerlion. S5
Vo Three month 2 "0
Do Six month 3 50
Do One year 6 00
rro aquirss Six mont'is GOO
Do Olio year 10 00
. Halfcolnmn One yar 18 00
One column One year 30 00
JOB P K I A T I X O OF F I C 13 t
Wear now prepared to execute to ordsr.in
Ueatand rxperiilinua manner, and upon the fairest
trim; almost all descriptions or
Rim.s up Lading,
Bali, Tickets, etc., f.tc.
We would sav to those of ourfriends who are in
want of aurh wora, von need not e nhrnarl to eel
il done, when it can he done just ns well at home.
" I. O. O. F.
Croowah Lopok, So. 77, meets nt the Odd Fel
lows' Hull, in Bucklaiid'a Brick Building, every
1FASE & KOBEUTS,
M A NUF A CTI'RF ns VT
Copper, Tin, nwl Slicrt-iron "Ware,
Ar PF.At.VH9 in
Stores, Wool, Hides, Sheep-pelts, Raffs,
Old Copper, OM Stoves, &c, &c. :
irsn. A T.T. SOHTS OF OENn.NE YANKEE NOTIONS
l'casc's llrirk ltlork, Jfo. 1.
FREMONT, OHIO, 32
V. P. FINEFHOCK. 3- T. THICK.
TIIVEFROCK & PRICE,
Office In Plmrri & Plinmnp'a rtlnck.
' STIil'IIKA' lil'CKIjA.l VCO.,
Drugs, Medicines, Taints, Dyc-StutTs,
Jlooks, Strtfioiinny, Act
. IV. A C. Si. ft LICK,
Attorneys luitl Conncllors sit lawj
And Solicitors in Chancery,
WiTl attmil to nil business entrusted to tlieir
are in Suhchisky and adjoin inn ciiiniice.
Also general land, collecting and insurance
(T3 Offick Upstair, opposite Ihe Batik.
flVORRK W. at.tric. CIIA3. B. OMCK.
IIl'CK Ii iM Av KVEHUTT,
Attorneys end ConnscIIcrs at law,
And Solicitors in Chancery,
WILL attend to rrofemioiia! htisiiipes and Land
Acencv in Sandusky nnd adjoining counties.
Or.rirF. 'Jil Story Bucklanil'e Bfock, Fremont.
R. I'. Hui:KtAltl).j iloMKK EVKIIKTT.
January 1st, 1H5J.
Attorney n nl Counsellor at litiw,
And Snlicitrrwn Chmicerv, will carTullv attend
10 all iirofrssional hiisiiifFS left in his charge. Me
will a!fo attend to the collection of claims A c, in
is and adjoining counties.
Olfice Seconil story Ruekland'i. Block.
frkmomt, oiiio. i
Attnrneyeat l.niv & solicitors in C linnrrry,
Will jiive their undivided attention to profession
al biirtineta iutrnitted to their care in Sutidusky aud
O .Hoe la the second story of Bnckland'tBlock.
j u ii.Ai;.ii.-'.i.--li
Attorney and ('!;ne!br at Law.
ALSO FlltE, L1FJ 4 HEALTH rhlUU ANCK AGENT.
Clyde, .S'arnlusk.v County, Ohio.
JNO. I1EATON. I. A. WARD.
1 1 EATON At. WAIIO,
- Jltiornrr3 at au:
Will promptly attend to nil professional luaiiiefS
Cll 1 1 lisletl to their care.
Office In Shnrp'a New Tlrick Block,
L. D Parker Surgeon Dentist,
RESPECTFULLY tenders professioiialsorviccs
to the cilicena of Fremont and viciniiv, all one
rations rulating to the preservation and heauly of
the natural teelli, or tns insertion 01 artiticial teeth,
on pivot, (rele or silver plate, done in the neatosl
manner, lie is in possession oi the latest improve
ments now in use, consequently ha flatters himself
that he ii prepared to render entire satisfaction to
those who may deaire his aid in any branch of the
Lethean Ether ad ministered, aud teeth extracted
without pain, if desired.
O thee in Caldwell's Brick Building, overDr.
Fremont Jan. 34, 1851.
Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
It. P. HUCKIjAIVO, Agcntt
DIf It, S. UICE.
Continuesthe practice of Medicintin Fremont
and adjacent country.
Okfick, as' ormorly, on Frontstreet, oppo
site Denl's new building.
Fremont, Nov. 23, 1850. 37
Important to those Atllicted!
DItS. S'POSE eV PATTEKSOIV,
WOULD inform the citizens of Clyde and vi
Cinitv that W have nermauentlv loeiitud here.
for the purpose of Practicing Medicine: and by
our prompt attention, and auccoasful curea, wo hope
to train a libejal share of patronage.
To those who have been alllitted for year, and
i... .i.cU ,,., (aa lliey say,)we would
call their attention to tint advertisement. W
don't pretend that all diseases in all stagee can be
cured, yet there ia a curable atuge to all diseases
and A'reat many can be cured after they hare
been pronounced incurable by mauri and others
relieved so aa to ne comfortable and enjoy lifa. It
ia unnecessary eere to enumerate all the diseaaes
which flesh is heir to, and piant out the crable stage
of each , but call and we will tell you, without any
charge, whether your particular case can be cured
Especial attention will be paid to Female! who
have Disease! peculiar to themselves.
L. C. STONr., M. p 1. PATTERSON, If D
July 31' '51.
No Sacrifice of principles.
SEPTEMBER 3, 1853.
BY GEORGE D. PRENTICE.
These nurninjf stars! what are theyt I have
That they were blossoms on the Tree of Life,
Or glory Hung back Iroin the outspread wings
t'f '.'oil's Archangel or Hint yon blue ekies,
With all their gorgeous bhizoiiry of gems,
VV'ere a bright bminer waving o'er the. earth
Knuii the lairWHll of henveu! tud I huve aat
And drntik their tushing glory, till I felt
Their fl.ish electric tremhlitig with the deep
And ntroug vibration down the living wire
Ot chxiiiless p.issiuii nnd my evoiy pulse
Was benting high as if a spring w ere there
To b'joy me uji, where I might ever routii
'Mid the niifdthoiued VHstness of the sky,
And dwell with theme high slurs, and see the light
I'ouring down upon the blessed earth, like dew
Kruui the bright urns of Nuiads!
What are ye? There is in my heart of hearts
A fount, HihI heaves beneath you, like the Ujep
Heneath the glories of a midnight iiuou!
And list jour linden tones are floating now
Around me like an element so low,
So wildly heiiutiful, I nlinost dream
Thai ye ere there, the living harp of God,
O'er which the incense winds of Eileu stray,
And wnke such tones of mistio niiiistrelsy
As well might wander down to (he dim world
To fiishion dreams of heaven! Pe'ilun eil on
Nature's high anthem! for my life bus caught
A portion oi your purity aud power.
And seems but aa a ewcet aud glorious tone
Of wi'd Btur-inusic!
Blesied, hi -esed things!
Ye are In Heaven I on Earth. Mysnul
Even with Ihe whirlwind's rush, cull wander off
To your iininortul realms, hut it uiU6t fall,
Like your own ancient I'leud Irimi its height,
To dim its noW'Cuugiit glories in the dust!
The turtli is beautiful 1 love
Its wildernass of Sjii in-tlo were, its bright olouds,
The iniijetity of inouiitains, and the dread
!Magnific:ence of Ocean for they come
Like visions lo my heart but when I look
On your unfading loveliness, I feel
Like a IonI infant gazing on its home
And weep to die, and come where you repose
Upon yon boundless heuveu, like parted soula
On an eternity of blessedness.
The following account of a remni kalle
:iecf of mechanism, is tnl;en from fl IVrsmn
manuscript, culled tho History of 'Jerusalem.1
It purports to be 8 description of the throne of
King Solomon, w hich, if ilia details are cor
rectly given, undouhlcJIy surpasses any spe
cimen of mechanism ptojjeed in modern
times, notwithstanding the wotidarful inven
tions' which have taken phico in every branch
of scienci' :
' Tho sides of it were of pure gold, the feet
of emerald rubii s, intermixed with pearls,
e:ich of which was as big as lht ostrich egg.
The throne had seven steps: on each side
were delineated orchards full of trees, the
branches of which were of precious stones,
representing fruit ripe nnd untipej on tups
of trees were to be seen figures of plutrthged
birds, particularly the peacock, liiu etauh
and the kuryes. All these birds were hol
lowed within, at tiliciiilly, so as to occasionally
utter a thousand melodious notes, such as
the car of mortals never heard. On the
first were delineated vine branches, having
bunches of urapes composed of various sorts
of precious stones fashioned in a manner as
to represent the various eolois of purple, vio
let, green and red, so as lo render the ap
pearance of real fruit. On the second step
on each s'ule of the throne, wtre two lions, of
terrible aspect, ns large as life, and formed
of cant gold.
Tito nature of this throno was such, that
when Solomon placed his f Kit on the tit si step
the birds spread forth their wings, nnd made
a fluttering noise in the air. On his touch
in the second step two lions expanded iheir
;las. On his reaching the ll.ird step, tho
whole assembly of demons and fairies and
men n peated the prni-e of the Deity. When
he anived at the fourth step, voices were
heard addressing him in the loll owing man
ner: ''Son of David, l e thankful lor the
hlesngs the Almighty has bet-lowed upon
you." The same was repeated on his reach
ing the fifth step. On his reaching the sixth
slop all the children of Israel joined them;
and on his arrival on Ihe feventh step, and
lite throne, birds an.) anima s became in mo
tion, and ceased not until he placed himse
in the royal sent, when the birds, lions ch: r
geu a shower oi most precious perlumes on
Solomon; after which two of the kurgesses
descended and placed the golden crown up
on Ins head, uetore the throne was a col
umn of burnished gold, on the top was a got
den dove, holding in Ins beak a volume
bound silver. In this book were written the
Psalms of David ; and the dove having pie
seated the book to the King, he re id aloud
a portion of it to the children of Israel. It is
further related that on the npproach of wick
ed men to the throne the lions wern won! to
Bet up a terrible roaring and to lash their
tails with violence; the birds also ruffled up
their feathers, and the assembly of demons
and genii uttered horrid cries, so that for
fear of them no person dared to be guilty of
talsehooa; nut confessed these crimes. Such
was tho throno of Solomon tho Son of David.
JkW An eccentric individual in the town of
Lssex has during the prscnt season built a
small vessel. After having finished her, ha
had a communication from what purported to
uu- luu spirii oi uiv ueccased lather, who in
formed him that he would not live six months
after his vessel was launched. He immedi
ately procured the assistance of several of
Ins neighbors, loaded her on wheels, and with
several yoke of oxen she was drawn into the
river at low water, Hnd placed Uon blocks,
where she remained until m-jm water, when
she was afloat She is named tho'Lyvancha,'
and hails from 'The Kingdom of Gud.' Sho
is believed lo be the only vessel ever built
there that was not launched. Gloucester
When a man refuses to pay a debt among
tho Mormons, they send three officers called
whtttlera, who take their station in front of the
debtor's house, each with a jack knife and a
bundle of sticks, and whittles awav. dav after
day, till the delinquent knocks under. It is
said that the remedy seldom fails.
Solomon's Temple. THE PESTILENCE AT NEW ORLEANS.
HORRIBLE DOINGS AMONG THE DEAD!
[From N. O. Crescent of the 11th.]
[From N. O. Crescent of the 11th.] DOWN AMONG THE DEAD MEN.
To verify the many horrible reports of the
doings among the dea I, we tho other diy
visited the cemeteries. Incvciv street were
I ..: : .,.J. .. i
onii oi ieasiuna, mini wmir luiue soieu 1 tiu-
; i , i.i .
sicol luneral marches. In the countenances
of plodding passengers were the lines nf anxie
ty nnd grief, and many n door was festooned
with black and white hangings, the voiceless
witnessssof wailing and of sorrow. On the
one hand slowly swept tho long corteges of
tho wealthy, nodding with plumes, and drawn
by prancing horses, lejoicing in their funeral
vanities; on another, the hearse of the citizen
soldier, preoecded by measured music, envel
oped in warlike panoply, and followed by the
noisy tread of nun under aims, while there
again the pauper was trundled along to his
long home on a ricltetty cart, wit'i a boy for
a driver, who whistled as he went, nnd swore
a careless oa:h as ho urged his mule or spav
ened horse to a trot, mnking hast with anoth
er morse! contributed to the grand banquet of
death. Now among the steeples was heard
the chiming of the bells as of Ghouls up
there, mingling their honrse voices as in n
chorus of gratuluion over the ranks of .fallen
mortality. Anon from some lowly tenement
liilled the low wail of a mother for tho child
of her nffections, while from the corner op
posite burst the song of some low bnc-clmnal,
mingling, ribaldry with sentiment, or swear
ing a prayer or two, as the humor moved him.
The skies wore a delusive aspect. Above
was all cloudless,suii3hiue, but little '.in keep
ing with tho black m elancl.oly that envel
oped all below. Out along thu highways
that lead lo tho cities of tho dead and still the
tramp of funerals knew no cessation Up
rolled the volumes of dust from the busy
roads' and the plumes of death carriages
nodded in seeming sympathy to tho swaying
cypresses of a swamp, enveloped in theii dun
appareling of weeping moss lit garniture for
such a scene.
At the gathering points carriages accumu
lated, and vulgar teamsters, ns tliey jostled
each other in tho press, mingled tho coarse
jest with the ribald oath; no sound but of pro-
lane maledictions nnd ot riotous mirth, the
clang of whip thongs nnd tho rattle of wheels.
At the gales, tho winds brought intimation
of tho corruption working within. Not a pu!T
but vvns l iden with the rank atmosphere
from rotten corpses. Inside they were piled
by fifties, exposed to the heat of the sun,
swollen with corruption, bursting their colli:)
lids, and sundering, ns if by physical effort,
the ligaments that bound their hands and
feet, and extending their rigid limbs in every
outre attitude. What a feast of horrors!
Inside, corpses piled in pyramids, nnd with
out the gates, old and withered crones and
fat huxter women, fretting in their own
grease, dispensing ice creams and confections,
and brushing away, with broon.s made cf
bushes the green bottle-flies that hovered on
tlieir merchandise, and that anon buzz-id
away to drink dainty inhalation from the
green and festering corpses. Mammon at
the gates was miking thrift outside by the
hands of his black and treating minions, that
tendered sweet-meats and cooling beverages
to the throngs of moarner- or of idle specta
tors, who, inhaling the fumes of rotten bodies
already "heaved the gorge;" whilo within,
the "King of Terrors" held his S.ituranalu,
wi h a crowd of stolid laborers, who, as they
tumbled the dead into ditches, knocked them
"about the mazz aid," and swore dread oaths,
intermingled with the more dreadful sounds
of demoniac jollity.
Long ditches were ilug across tho great
human charnet. Wide enough were they
to entomb a legion, but only fourteen inches
deep. Coffins laid in them showed their
topi above the surt'iee of the earth. On these
was piled dirt to the dentil of a to t or more
but so losely, that the myriads ol tliea found
entry between ihe loose clods down to the
cracked seams of the collins, aud buzzed and
biew there their ovuria, creating each hour
new hatched swarms,
But no Round was there of sorrow within
tha' wide Gehenna. Men used to the scent
of dissolution had forgotlon all touch of sym
pathy. Uncouth laborers, with their bare
heads, stood under the broiling heat of the
sun, digging in tho earth; nnd as anon they
would encounter an obstructing root oi stump,
would swear a hideous oath, remove to an
other spot, uiid go on digging as before
Now and then the mattock or spade would
disturb the bones of some former tenant of
the mould, forgotten, there amid tho armies
of the accumulated victims, and tho sturdy
ii -.. -i . . . . . . J
laoorer wun gioe, wouiu Hurt llio UroKen
fragments on ihe sward, irowl forth an ener
getic d n, and chuckle in his excess of glee,
Skull Lones were dug up from their long sep-
uuuie, wuu giiasiituess blaring out.
"From ench-lack-hntre, eyeless hole."
without eliciting an "Alas, poor Yorick,1' and
with only nn exclamation from tho digger, of
"room lor you belters I
Economy of space was tho sourco of cun
ning calculation in stoning away the dead
men. Side by sido were laid two of gigan
tic proportions, bio itod by corruption to the
size of Titans. Tho central projections of
their Collins, lef spaces between them at their
heads and heels. This was too much room
to be filled with earth. How should the
spacti be s ived ? Oppotunely tho material
is tit hand, for a catt comes liitnheiing in,
with the corpses of a mother and her two lit
tle children. Chuck tho chil.lrcn in the spa
ces nt the hea ls and heels of the Titans, unl
lay the mother by herself, out there alone!
A comrade for her will bo found anon, nnd
herself and babes will sleep not ihe less
soundly from the unwonted contact!
Ihe fumes rise up in deathly exhalations
from tho accu'nula'.inghocat vub3 of fast com
ing corpses. Men wear ut their noses bill's
of camphor nnd odorous spices for there are
crowds there who have no business but to
look on and contemplate the vast congrega
tion oi me dead. 1 hey don't care if ihev
die themselves thev have become so used
i. -r ...... ." ...
iu mo reen oi corruption, inoyevon laugu at
ino rioiipt oi toe skeleton L'catb and crack I
jokes in the horrid atmosphere where scarce
lo they can draw breath for utterance.
The stoical negroes, too, who are hired nt
Bve dollars per hour to assist in the work of
interment, staggrr under the stifling fumes,
ami can only bo kept nt their work by deep
and continued notations of the "hre water
.J. ney gulp deep draughts of tho stimulating
ikiiu, and reeling to their task, hold their no
ses with one hand, while with the other they
.. , . , i i,
grasp the spade, heave on the muu d, nnd
.... i.i .... ......... . , ,. .
rush back to the bottle to eulp agnin. It h a
jolly time with these ebon laborers, and wi:h
their white co workers, ns thoughtless and ns
jolly, and full as much intoxicated as them
selves. A . I .1 ... I .... . ,
jinn inns, wnni me songs nnu ouscene
jesls of the grave diggers, the buzzing of the
Hi -s, the sing song cries of the huxler-womeii
vending their confections, the hoarse oaths of
the men who drive the dead carts, the merrv
n his le of the boys, nnd the s ailing reek from
p . i , . . . i
scores oi mncKeneu corpses, me Uny wears
spice, tiie work of sepulture is djne, and
night draws tho curtain,
(r-'.om tho N. O. Daily Delta of llio 11th )
Tub PKTEt.EE.vuE. Still onward stalks
the dreadful pestilence through our afflicted,
city. It can no longer be taunted with un
due virulence towards tho "lower clusses."
It has established, by most gloomy proofs, its
title to the epithet of a general leveller. The
rich, tho lovely, the giftep, the virtuous, the
strong, as well as tho votaries of vice and
destitution, the poor and tho virtuous, tho ig
norant and imprudent all alike fall before
tho remorseless sickle of this great destroyer,
and are gathered into one common harvest of
There are few, if any parallels in history to
the present visitation. JJut a week or so ngo
we were involved in unpleasant contrversies
with medical gentlemen as to whether Ihe
disease, which was liken off several hun
dred of our citizens weekly, was an epidemic.
It was charged that we were exciting a pan
ic in announcing nnd declaring tho fact. Two
weeks have scarcely passed and the epidemic
has become a pestilence, one of the most des
tructive, malignant and distress1!!;; which
evi r fell upon a people. Considering the
number of persons liable lo the cpi lemtc, (the
unaeclimated,) there is nothing in history to
equal the present mortality. Deducting our
native population and those who have had the
fever nnd become acclimated, we should re
gard it as a largo figure to tix the unaeclima
ted ut 30,000 at tho breaking out of tho fe
ver. Of that number ut least three thousand
have nlrondy been buried, and every day
adds two hundred more to the ghastly rec
ord. Should I continue in tho same rat io, this
frightful number will be swelled to SCKIO by
tho 1st of September, which is usually the
date when tho epidemic begins its ravages in
our city. For tho week ending on the 7th of
August, its victims were one thousand. That
for the weeek now passing will be as large,
and thus, unless some sudden and unlocked
for change occurs, the month of August will
bo held ever memorable in our annals for
tho 1 irgest proportionate mortality which has
ever occurred in the history of pestilences.
It will enuel the violence of the Black Plantie
of tho Fourteenth Century, and exeed that of
the I'lagua ot London, in 1GG4, Tho latter
has been regarded iho severest pestilence of
modern tunes: and yet, out ot a popula'ion of
live hundred thousand, it only tlew sixty
inousanu in one year, whereas the present
epidemic is destroying at the rate of four thou
sand per month out of a total population of
not over eighty thousand, and a population
liable to tho disease, of uot over 150,000 1 It
is true that tho previous years of ihis city,
there have been days, which exhibited a lar
ger mortality in one day, but on no other oc
casion has the aggregate weekly mortality
been as large, nor the progress of the disease
so bteady, regular and unbroken! What is
tho worst aspect of these ficts is, that the
reason for tho prevalence of tho epidemic haj
In 1817, the deaths in the begining of Au
gust did him average ten u day. Ve have
therefore at least three months for the pes
tilence to run. There is no hope that it will
terminate its catcer, unless with tho exhaus
tion of material. At tho present rate, this
event would appear not to bo distant. At
least fifteen thousand of tho unaeclimated
have already had the disease, and are either
convalescents, or tenants of tho tomb. We
have heard of a great number who have re
covered. .Many ol tho physicians declare
that they have lost none of their patients.
Indeed, it would appear that tho thousands
who have already died could not havo had
the advantage of medical attendance us the
physicians all declare that they h ive lost no
cases! It is wonderlul how successful they
are, considering tho vast amount of mortality!
If our estimate of the number who have been
attacked be correct, there wonld remain not
moro than fifteen thousand of unaeclimated
persons, which, nt tho present ratio, would
barely afford material to last out tho month
Bat these are nil speculation and calcula
tions. They may, fortunately prove lo be
exagcratod. God grant that it may be, so,
Ou city has been soou rged enough already. Il
may be, however, that fro:n this awful visita
tion, we may derive some useful lesson for
the future. It may be that our citizens will
bo diiven to moro vigorous measures to es
tablish tho health of tha city, to simplify ami
strengthen its government, improve its sani
tary regulations, gtvo greater need to the
administration of tho corporation, improve its
streets, the style of buildings, and all other
means nf securing a better police than we
havo hitherto had. Should this be tho cffict
of tho present visitation, and to promote it,
we should nut extenuate, conceal or gloze over
the present ahirming condition of affairs:
Now Orleans may yet ariso form her chasten
ing, wil Ii renewed strength, purified and re-
juvin.ited even as iho convlescent from this
dread epidemic, often finds his constitution
renowod by its nttacks.
TTTha Wash no-ton Kenuhlif nn
terrible nhiornea nru nn r ivirin r nnr mnn.
try, and spreidtng death an t terror the yel
low Fever, and the Railroad."
i - r ,
DAGUERREOTYPES ON WOOD.
An important application of the photo
graphic nrt has been made in Manchester,
England, by which tho process of wood en
graving from Daguerreotypes will be mateti
ally economized, both in time nnd expense.
The Manchester Guardian, of July 30, gives
tne following account ot tins, probably, most
recent improvement in the practice ot this use
Yesterday, Mr. Robert Langton, wood en
graver and draftsman, of Cross street, brought
to our othco some very successful and beau
tiful specimens of photcgranhv, taken by him
self, not on metal plates, or on paper, or on
gia?s, but on Mocks ol box-wood, such n3 nre
ordinarily used in his own art for wood en
gravings. One was a striking portrait of him
self; another wits n view of the beautiful lit-
no vuurcii at h orsiey, erected a lew vears
ago by the Earl nnd Countcs of Elletmcre.
Tho latter was comprised within tho ordinary
dimensions of a circle 3J inches in diameter;
and, us the image of the Church is thus re
versed, llie design, in all its elegant proportins,
and reduced to a miniature such ns no hand
of human artist can ever hope lo rival, in its
exquisite delicacy of light and sha le nnd its
elaborate minuteness and detail this photo
graph, so taken on a block of cox-wood, is
quite ready for the application of the wood
engraver's burin. It is impossible to say
how greatly this will ndvance tho process of
engraving, especially by saving nil ihe pre
liminary labor of tho draftsman; which, in
many cases constitute tho chief element in
both the time and the cost attendant on the
production of wood engravings of a high class.
Even in many of the lower branches of (he
art, the new application of sun drawing will
bo nn invaluable auxiliary. For insl mice, it
is an extremely dilicult mailer to get accu
rate drawings of machinery in perspective;
mechanical draughtsmen only represent it in
plane; and artists nre generally found ex
tremely reluctant to employ a large amount
of time so unprolitably as the drawing of a
complicated machine in perspective demands.
Mr. Langton's daguerreotype can now in n
few seconds accomplish what it required hours
lor the nrtists to affect; nnd in a point of ac
curacy, the instrument must ever havo the
preferance. But great ns will eventually be
the boon which this new application of pho
tography will confer on the practical art of
wood engraving, it may be made more ex
tensively valuable, as n cheap form of pro
ducing pictoreal objects. By Mr. Langton's
process, portraits, landscapes, ecc, could be
produced on any smooth pece of wood, duly
prepared; nnd thus even wooden snuff boxes,
hnnd-screens, &o., may be decorated with
portraits, or scenes from nature, or copies of
worus ol art, at a cost much less thnn daguer
reotypes on metal plates. Indeed, it is diffi
cult to say where the applications and uses
of this new process may not extend. Mr.
Langton does not limit his invention to its use
in wood envraving, but chims for it an edual
ly useful and valuable application in other di
rections, in connection with practical art."
Education of Idiots.
At the meeting of the National Education
al Association, held at Pittsburgh last week,
Dr. I. Richards, of Germantown, gave an ac
count of his method in teaching Idiots. His
success, and that of tho other philantropists
whoso efforts had been devoted lo tho samo
end, abundantly proves that this field furnish
es decided inducements for tho exercise of
benevolent labors, nnd return a harvest over
which the cultivators of dormant intellectual
faculties may rejoice. A correspondent of
the Syracuse Chronicle says tho Doctor gave
hii account of ono who had been under his
charge for three years. At Grst he was the
lowest specimen ho had ever met with, be
ing as incapable of location us a vegetable.
Every one prophucicil his uller failure, but
the boy had been gradually taught to uso his
linihs, to eat, to talk, to read, and to compre
hend ideas, and now ho is like the majority of
ooysoi lour or live years ot age, with perhaps
the exception of being more alow of compre-
A very interesting feature of tho Doctor's
system was tho manner in which ho tauht
the exislenco of God. After pointing out tho
sun, the stars, the llowers, nnd various other
things to a little boy one day, and ascribing
their existence lo God, he naked him whether
God wns bad or good. "Good," was the un
hesitating reply. "And what would you
like to do to such a good God ?" In a low
whisper, and with his eyes suffused with
tears. "I would like lo kiss him," was the
very unexpected answer.
Beforo uny scientific experiment had been
made in the education of idiots, n lady in
Massachusetts, occupying a high position in
society, nnd whose husband was one of the
prominent public men of that Btalo had Iwo
children, both idiots. When the terrible con
viction of this fact was first forced upon her,
she gave up all society, remove 1 from the city
to a retired country place, and devoted the
whole energies of her nature, stimulated by
the strong, undying uffe.ilion of a mother, to
their improvement. Tho result wns that
they improved, both phyically and mentally,
were able to go school, received prizes lor
schclarship, and finally graduated at ono of
out best Colleges, receiving somo of tha hon
ors which are bestowed on the few.
It has been arguo.l in tho British House
of Commons in favor of removing the burdens
from tho newspapers, that the cheapness of
American papers, brintnj; them within the
means of the humblest cla-ses, nnd bv makiii"
nil classes beter informed nnd more intellt-
'ent, gives the mechanics and artisan of the
United States advantages over those of Etiir-
land, which will, in tho end, mako them too
strong for equal competition. Theie is much
good sense in this view. The nowspaper is
tho great agent of civilization, and the county,
which by reason of high price, or for other
causo, the newspaper is kept from the groat
ootiy oi the people, works at great disadvan
tage by the sido of that in which the intellect
is quickened, and tho mmd informed by the
intelligf nee of all that is going on in the world
and by the discussion of fuels and principles
nd polioy of government.
BY ALEXANDER SMITH.
Books written when Ihe foul i it tpring-tiJe,
When it ii leadea like t groaning sky
Before a thunder-storm, ara poner and gladueea.
And majesty and beauty. They aeixs the reader
At tetnpesu teiie a thip, and bear I Ini on
With a wild joy. Somo book ara drenched tanda,
On which a great aoul's wealth liea all in henpt,
Like a wrecked argoeey. What power In booka'
They mingle gloom and iplendor, aa I've oft,
In thuud'roca eutincte, aeeii the thundor piUi
Seamed with dull fire nnd fieroeet glory renti.
They awe me to my kneee, at if 1 atood
In presence of a kin j. They five ma tearaj
Such glorious tcera aa Evo'a fuir daughter! ahed,
When first they claiped a Son of God, all bright
With burning plumea and aplendora of the aky,
In louing heaven of their milky nrmt.
A Cultivated Mind is Retirement.
Everjbody looks furwnrd to a time of rest,
rot only in tho future but this world. There
ie not a Smallhoikeencr.L!t ia working a-iili
a bird's eye view of a collage nnd plenty of
leisure far off in the hauntino- rlistnnep.
There is something delightful in sitting dow n
in a pleasant twih -l,t mi l
lures of the home that may somo (Jay be ours.
loenciH countre surrounrieii u-oii imnii.1
grounds, with woodbine or some less ambitious
weeping uiiiig. turning in nnd out among
the trellis work, or hani'inrr its curlinc ten
drils over tho doors and windnwa Thn mvc
that shall be such a pet nnd supply us with
the sweetest milk and freshest butter, while
our city neighbors coming out of summer
d iys lo eat our fruit, at:d solace themselves
in ourshade. shall almost envv us our nuiet
happiness. Or to tho man of more ambitious
tastes looms up '.he beautiful villa with its
rising ground, its garden rich with every va
riety of floral treasure, its glorious orchard
and wide view of varied scenery; its cattle
yard well stocked with sleek cows, and cack
ling poultry. He means to enjoy himself;
there are no narrow views in his prospects if
mem tire narrow lanes on Ins premises; he
will sport his "bays," and his "browns," and
regale his city friends with choice riilcs in un
elegant equipage thut shall be quite as recher
che as the President's own. And so the dry
details are rendered strangely pleasant bv
this mixture of fancy sketches, and the ledg
er is sometimes changed to a prancing steed
with him on his back, leisurely cantering
through country roads.
But alas for him if he lias devoted soul r.s
well ns body to tho exciting chase after wealth.
If a newspaper offers him nothing of inter
est beyond its advertisements and accounts
f ... . -I. :f I , .
ui shuck, u ne preier learning how much su
gar is per barrel, or tho rise of produce in
Europe, or how many bars of soap came by the
nam, ur me - r lying .,ioua, lo a sound
treatise or an elegant editorial, we would not
give a fig for his leisure. Ono must have
his brain well stocked as wrll ml 04 niirso in
order to find any sort of pleasure in retire-
iiieui. io oe sure no can get books pauued
upon his library shelves, or ord,r una num.
ber of gilt bindings.but if be never enjoys
wuuiu mem mo - least oi reasnn nnri tho Horn
of soul," they are only scorners of hi ino.
r i ' . ... .
ranuo. n ue gazes only wttn the eye of a
speculator on the gently flowing river that
meanders along its banks, and vainly wishes
I - .Ml . J .
iu uuuu a saw mm io monopolize its beauty
anu turn us silver drops into baser com
what soul has he for elegant retirement?
Ah! many have found to their erst, that
man must not bring his gold alone to the free,
beautiful country. He must lovo nature with
a!l his heart before ho presumes to bring her
his offerings. He must store away in
his mind, choico thoughts to bear with him to
her "dim aisles," and "leafy solitudes." He
must love to go alone and hold converse with
tho birds nnd the flowers, watch the upspring
ing of tho tender grain, and the ripe fruii
bursting its rich rxuitines for to eat, to see,
to j.nhale fragrance, will not constitute the
refinement of pleasure. And if ho cannot lay
up a store of intellectual love, let him stick to
tho day-book, nnd sit of evenings nt the door
in the crowded city, watching the passers by
end looking for customers; ho will find pleas
ure in nothing else Boston Olive Branch.
More Jails Empty—Why!
Burlington (Vl.) Courier says that
last vonr when the nresent inilor took rhnrm-
of ihe jail, there were seven in its cells, and
. 1 . I I. a ....
mat mere navo since Deen, as ditJerenl tunes,
thirty others; but now since ihe Vermont
Maine Law has had time to produce its le
gitimate effects, locks and keys are useless,
as the j ids nro without n tenant. This is the
third jail in Vermont which been emptied by
the new prohibitory liquor law, and the Ed
itor very properly adds; Thu'.' simple truth
is, the sale of liquor peoples, jails prohibi
ting its salo empties them nnd it is in the
power of tho people to suy wLich they prefer.
Thfl Plermntil R
at Hatavia, Clermont County says:
"The Maine Imv U i,li;..M!,,n ,!,! ..i
enactment couWl not bring upon us tho tenth
r .i. .. ...j, .,.! .,. ... A. ..
ian ui uie em wiiien we sutler irom the trai
n's in ardent spirits it would not cause mur
.i .... - i ..ii .i
uci, 1'ij-e, iirauu, nnu an ouier crimes caused
by intoxication ; but are satisfied that the
people of Ohio do not want the Maine Law,
if thev can evi one that will Kliriirp ll.l. lin-
UOr traffic. But a Honor law thev must hnvo.
and that thev should AnH milut ItAaidB
J muoi 4jm3 IUI k
they want, be it Maine Law or any other.'
Judge! you say if I punch a man, even io
fun he can take mo up for assault and bat
tery? 'Yes. sir, I raid that, and'what t said t re
peal: if you punch a man. yoil are guilty of a
breach of the peace, and can bo arrested for
'Ain't there no exceptions?'
'Jiidrrn I think rnu ira miuialAn C!..HnA.
for instance, 1 should brandy punch him:
No levity in court, sirt Sheriff, expose this
man to the atmosphere I Call tbe next case.'
NEW YORK, Aug. 24—3 P. M.
The steamer Northern Light from San J
an Aug. 19, with Snn Fmnoaco dat to Aav
gust loth, arrived at 12 o'clock list night
She brings 620 passengers and H.1S2.US
in gold dust on freight, besides a lanis amount
in the hands of tha pxssencrers. Among ths
passengers are Copt T. B. Cropper nd B. C
Banners, lute Collectors of Ih For; of 8
Francisco. The Subject of petition for Bail
via Nicaraugua, was attracting tteniloa M
Jacques notorious bandit is reported to
hare been killed.
The wining prospects are excellent.
Agricultural crops not so promising
Squatter difficulties at San Francisco pass
ed over peacefully. Outrages bad been com
mitted on old settlors by la leas roauranders.
Farms were seized, and the owners, in soma
instances made to pay for keeping . their own
cattle on their own land.
Governor Bigler bas taken tha stump for
Bands of Indian were making sad haroo
in the southern country, and thecititens bavt
taken the field against them. ,- ' -
The Supreme Court of the 8tate has deci
ded thnt California and not the United Suica
owns all the mines and mineral in her bor
ders. The Times of San Francisco, says, trads
has been quite activo since tbe sailing of lbs
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 26.
The .'"alt I.nke Mail reached Independence
yesterday. Ii had fallen into a deep creek
and all the letters were thoroughly soaked.
All the trains had passed Fort Laramina.
The Mexican troops were approaching, inten
ding to keep possession of the Messilln Valley
whore the Mexican fisjjs were waving, and
would continue to, until our troops arrived.
The Mxaican troops are deserting in larga
nnmbers. One thinj i certain thnt ariould
hostilities break ont in New Mexico, a Major
ity of the inhabitants would leava for tha
Burning of the Cherokee.
The following is from the Herald oUht 28th:
It is now certain th it the fire originated in
the hold, near tho main onlrance to the cab
in, and was caused, it is supposed, by tha
spontaneous ignition of a portion of tbe car
go. 8 he was freighted with an unusual
largo cargo of general merchandise, which
was tit illy consumed. The vessel was inten
ded to sail y esteoday afternoon for New Or
leans an d Havana. Estimated loss of tha
ship is f 200,000, upon which there is no in
surance; the cargo is estimated at from $253.
000 to $300,000. The Steamer Cheroke
continued burning all Friday night, and rem
nants oi mis splendid vessel was still amoving
yraieruny morning at nail past ll o clock, at
which tun 3 sho lay in a blackened undia
tinguishable mass of fragments, having been
burned down to the watar's edge. A lam
qvantiry of her merchandise waa consigned to '
ivew urieans, nearly every traderin that city
having goods consigned to him from New
I UI tt.
The Atlantic Insurance ComDanv witlba
heavy 1 os, n by the o itastrojl.e, a large num
ber having insured with that company.
110 uesun anon oi me uneroa.ee waa la
New Orleans and Havana, but no further.
not being bou lid for San Francisco. Tha
Captain saved his chronometer, a very valua
ble one, but ull his charts, were destroyed in
the conflagration. Much indignation is felt
by tho owners, Captain &c, at the circum
stances of gunpowder Laving been smuggled
on board clandestinely, as it is contrary to
ineir regulation, no sncn ar tide bernr per-
J . . i i , -.. r.
milieu to oesuippeu w.iiiout tlieir knowledge.
The party that that guilty cf this offence, ia
liable we believe to two year' confinement
in tho State Prison. It was reported, yes
terday, thnt a colored roan had been seen
close to the Steamer just before the fire broke
ont, with alight in Lis hand. If tbe fire was
the handiwork of any incendiary, it ia to hop
ed that he will be found out
The fire was pretty well extinguishr-d on
the following morning, by the rising of thu
tide, when the steamer was partly scuttled.
By the Nicaragua line we Lave received the
Daily Placer Times and Transcript, of San
Francisco, of August 1st, in advance of th
mail. Thanks to somebody for their ki.ln.
in sending us the papers. By them w Jrurn
that the advanced companies ol emigrant
wore arriviug i;i California, the short tripe av
orage'tng about 70 days from St Joseph. The
emigration by land to" California, is lets thar, it
i ..... i. . . ...
" " jear, out io uregou it is more lii.iu
double to whut il ever nit hf,n T -.. r.,.
55,000 emigrants went by land to CeJifrruu,
I ,n rrt . .. ....
uiu iu.uuo Mi wregon. lliti year BDout vl,
000 go to California, and over 20,000 to
Thirty-eight thousand Idlers and twelve
thousand miners wero m. l-,t Man t?-
co for the steamer of August 1st This ia
.i- .. i
uoing a nenvy ousinesa.
11. O. Hodqii, Eq., of Nevada, is tha Cal
ifornia Commissioner lo the World's Fair, at
A large cve has been discovered b':ten
Columbia and wood's Creek, ia Tuolumne
COU.itv. in which numerous h,m rJ an
deluvean race of animal, apparently of the
iMiiaiuuuu upciacs, uuvQ ueen luuna. ll is Re
tracting much attention.
Senator Gwix left Fort Wilier. Maripnsa
county, on tho 2 1st July, to explore tbe route
for a railroad on the southern line, and was
to extend his explorations to the Ttjon Pan
He wns accompanied by Cept. Jomuw, Lieut.
Ncubnt, CV.pt Hale it, Mr. Kubidbas, of New
Mexico, and WeBSis. KiKOSBuar and Rosa.
deimlor Owi'I Pinertu rnj sn I. k..ll.
--. .. - f ' . wa... w u z VW.I
from the canon of the Colorado, down the San
Joaquin Valley with less expense in grades,
embankments nnd bridges than in any other
route that tan b found. His personal explo
ration will bo valuable for his action i i iho
By virtue of new lines and new arrange-'
ments. the merchant! nf Ran Vmn ....
enubled lo send to New York and gel return
within 47 days.. This is some sixteen da) a
earlier than thev hare heretofore bean l.tj
to do it Tbe Nicaragua line has become im.'
portant lo the business iulerest of the Pacifi.'
Tho mining intelligence continue fnvnra.
ble. New mines are discovered, and il
rage success in the old otiesis about the earn
us hertofore. Wages had increased consider,.
i.i.. : d . t - . ...
uiy in o.iii r rancisco, ana many nanas nad r
. 11 v n .. rl , . V. - C . 1 . . .
they could earn mora than they eouTj
j: : r o t. . t
"'tJtj'OeJ' v. u, tfuurnut.
Rev. C. Sorinfcr and Iinli nr ...
both Maine Law men. hava K.. '. S
- . - - uwnnai
liir ,1. a ma vl I.M-.I.1..,.... L .L . ... . 1
- w-fc'.mo, or ine Wo