ISAAC 31. KEELElt, Proprietor.
The JOURX AL is published mir Friilay morning.
Office In the third Mary, Ilucklaud't tilock Fremont,
banduaky county, Ohio.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One oopy, P"r veivr, In advance, by mail . fl,r-0
; Paid within the year . . 2,00
After the expiration of the year. V.-)
ton .iibscriUera, in advance 1,74
- RATES OF ADVERTISING,
One Sqtiara lv line, or lean, one insertion, f0.S0
... o. F.ach additional insertion 0,28
do. Three month! . S,"
do. Six months MO
do. ' One Tear
One-fourth column, change quarterly, 1 year... 15.00
One-third do. do. do ... 20,00
One-half do. do. do
Whole do. do. do .
Bnsines Cards, S lines or lew, one year - 5, 00
Leaded Notices preceding marriage, and Double cnl
mn Advertisements, to he charge.! double the above rate.
. AdverliseroenU should be marked with the number ot
4nsertion or they will be continued until oruereuouiauu
flf.ll kind, nentlv and expeditiously executed, and that
too, to Uu fuU satisfaction of our patrona.
Of all discription. kept on hand or will 1 printed on a
tow hour.' 'torlld proprfr Fremont' Journal.
I. O. O. F.
' Caootia Low:. Xn. 71. Independent order of Odd Fel
Vr meet, it Odd F.ll.ws Hall, in Buckland . Block,
rerr 3.urasy evening.
. 1 . v r.i T ( fi r.. TTff-if In
am. Hall on the 2d and 4th Monday .venings of every
Tout SniwrevaoN LoncE. So. S25. Free and Accepted
Masona, m ---Is at Haannic Hall, in lloncyson s Block, on
. .... 1.1 ..! ad Tups.lav eveninirs of every month.
FRovrCAm,"xo.4, Roral Arch m"'
at the same place, on the. lax iraaj
. O. . T.
' ForvrA ix Loixtl!. N". 1. Independent Order of Good
Templars meets at uieir naii,in o.
err Friday evening.
" "- PICTURE GALLERY.
a. o. wn.rcs,
; "Dnzruerreian and AmbrotypisL
-fXrH-L be f..undlhi Cilery at all hours. Pictures
W . .i ..w; Clmr treat ker. Ml
,n-Lo McaUanTeVantin. specimen. Gallery in the
story or .mum dhiw, r
Manufacturer, of Copper, Tin, and Sheet-Iron Vare n
I -A" Stove,, Acn.ula.den.en S oves R
H . -. Pe.se. Brick
A , sort, ot ro.. : Mar,18S4
lilOCK, .SO. ' t,;i"
rnnlifld & Brollior.
H.rdar Merelianta. All kinds of Iron and Pteel ware
both 4 "rican and Imports: ld av holele or lie
toil, fevertternor c-k. Parlor or Box Stove.. Ac
S.,Jtnkl and Farm luiidementa. Wooden-ware, Cordage,
v Ei." B..t-'Bl!,yo.i, Fremont, Ohio.
i. n. Fiissclmiii & Co
U the Tyler Hiock Corner o , J t
"intion will be eiven to JoW.ing d 8.-PWnffrv
kind. Callaud.e.ua. April ... !So5.
riwiio Jt riiiclroi K.
Artornen at I.w; will attend to .11 bu.ine.. entrnsted
. OfSoi-Sinu.- ltlock, Corner of Crogluu.
. J. (IltSt T. P. FINEFROCK.
F. J COVC.F.R, Pnvr.tL SriwtKON. re-eeetfully tenders
Iii. professional w-rvicestotheeitiiensot r;r-nK.rrt and vi
ci.iitr. Teeth inserted on Pivot. eM r .liver pi ite. and
in the neatest rumner. CT" m iB SUlrP "d SUom "
ijuituinf;, li-oni room n(ei.ip.
Fremont, April IS, 1S66.
S. Biackl:iiil & o.,..
Dealer. In Pru-s, Medicine. Dys-slulTs. Glass, Paints,
Tii, Books, SUtionury, ic, Fremont, Ohio.
Tuiiiil & Evort-ti.
Attomev. and Cunsellor. at Law, and Solicitors in
Chaneerr. wiU attend to professional husine.. and i-am
AK-ncT in Sandaskv and adioipinj conutii Oatee, iud
Hi P. BITKI.AND. IIOMl.Il F.P.ETT.
( tic tcr Edserioii,
... ,i . i nlieitor in Chan
. Attomev ann !. ounseiier . i i-i - . . , r i
r .11 i.r. . ,ml ltustness left
l'i.iJVlnr.as. lie will a!o attend to the collection of
el Icr.. in this nd ..lioioine rountiea. Otficc, M-c-
oud etiry Xims' Block, Fremont, O. ' '
V. ilson A Slil "CM.
Fremont, Ohio, reaidence on Croghan Street near the
. ,i..' li-ll. -'4. IVt.
J AS. V. VilLSOX. THOf. STII.WEI.L.
FRAXK X. GUtXEY, Propriclor.
- - " c In T V Vantlereook.l
, The Cftor.BAX HorsK if situated in the rent ral. linfinesf
vortinn ..f the U.n.n the I'ike. corner of t runt lr,,et.
o exertion, on the part of the proprietor, to ren.ler th.
tav of imnts lioth pleaisnt ami anWe, i:.U be .oarert
Tlie Crop ban Horn Oniuihus ruii?.to the Depot in coo
tuition with everv train of t'jirs. :
Gcej-ts convey.-d to and from frre of rharge.
. December 2, 1855.
' MannfactnrerofCoiif.-ctinnervand.iee.l.rin Foreicnand
PomesticXuts Fruits, (Iroeeri.-s, arid Yankiu Notion
Principcand llai-ana Cisars. Main street, lremont,0.
June 19, 18. N
TTholesale and retail oeaur in nap.e - .In,
Conda, I.adii-.- Kress (Mods, shanr ek'thtne, hno-j nj.T-
noes: me wnresi as.onineui m me r..
Clyde, IX. iUy SO, lSoU. 17lf
S. C. TTHITCUKR, Peoi-rietoh, Cltpe, 0.
Tru.ty Porter, in at'en.Unce to rimrvv banner to and
from tue Car. free of Charge. A I.ivery Stable is attach
ed to the house, where hortva auslsin uije ran at all
time, bu had. Deeeuiher 9, lb54,
Dr. J. XT. FAll.ixn, liavine estaMihe.1 lilmself fnrtl
purpose of practieiiiz Hnmoipathy in this plare and
einitv, wonld ripeetfully announce to the ptihiic that I;
present arrangements eill cnahle those iIcm.-oiis. of ava
intf themselves of Homeopathic tn-atnient. to rely wi
eertainty npon promo attention to their ejil!., whether
r OUT OI W n. l p i.-e.m-, in ..i.... r -
. Dr. F. pays particular attepiipa to mi lorros
Fremont, April 10, IsiSS.
Daniel Lower y.
FashionaMe Barlier and Hair DressTr. Phavine or
Shampoonini done at all hours. Shop iu the north end
of the CrofEiian House. i
C. G. Eaton.
Physician and Surgeon, CLYDE, OHIO
I AM now daily manafacturimr at my Confectionery, on
the comer of Front and Market street.
Candies of Every description,
atld in every descrioahle shape and pattern. All Confec
tioneries .o"ld by me arc manufactured from steam rennet!
White Suirar, and not from the common N. Orleuns sujrar
as are the eroat portion of of the Vaudiea .old in this part
of the conntrv.
Orders for any amount less than R.Oflf) ponnds can be
Slled on application. THhUUOKc, tlirr,
Fremont, June 24, 18-Vi.
For Sale or to Let!
A JfEAT NEW COTTAGE HOUSE !
Full sized Lot. Terms easr.
Fremont, April 11, 1858. 11 tf
LEATHER STORE in full operation
N'ew arrival, nf .11 kinds of Leather fft
April 11, 1858. lHf. MITCHELL'S.
COPPER, TIX, and filTFET IROJf WOr.K. TTe call
the especial attention of all wanting snch work, as we
Bar particular attention to that branch of our business.
August 10, 18oi. P. P. FUSSELMA.V & CO.
TlRINCr on your PRODUCE, and get
-a-- boon, cheap and good, or
P. B. BEERY,
February 1, 1S56. Clyde, Ohio.
To Mechanics and others in want of a home
in the Corporation.
I AM now offerlne mv T,nt. on the East side orthe Klrer
consisting of THREE JCRES EACH, at a
' Low Price and Reasonable Terras.
Said Lot. are only sixty rod. east of Cue Rail Road Bridge,
Jdjoininf the Toledo mnd CUreltnd Railroad.
ThT are FORTY RODS HELP, havinjr a road on ead
end of them; they are in full view of the town, affording
Tat tetf prospect of tat flare ia tat Corporation.
To those who have business in town,
and desire the privileire of pastnratre for Cow., a Garden,
Potato-patch, fcc, .lis is pood ontirtmrilo to invert, and
htxt a CHEAP and BEAVTIFUh HOMF..
Fremont, March 7, 18i6. 7tf
ARMSONS Extracts and Perfumerys for sale cheap
al P. CLOSE S.
,D C0PFEE and BRASS bought by
r r. I CSSELaAJ Jt C.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO, JUNE 27, 1856.
111 Ei I J 11 If . M
F. R COJLSTOCK,
Sandusky City, Ohio,
Ko. 63 Market rtrect. Ladie.' and Gentlemen", par
mants of every araiiuty, cleaned, and the colore restored or
Sandusky, April 18, 1856. 12m3
JACKSON BEERY, Proprietor.
THIS i a new lanre and commodious Tlonse. and is in
the immediate vieinl ly of the C. T. Railroad. Travelers
mav rest assured that no expense will be .pared to render
the ir Slav pleasant and agreeable.
Elmore, April IS, 1856. 1-"
RICE &, BURNETT,
Importers mid Wholesale Dealers in
CniXil, CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,
No. 11, Superior Street, CLE, El.A.u, uniu,
P. V. KICK.
Cleveland, March 21, 1850.
r. R- BI KXKTT.
Farm for Sale.
Til E sulinrrilicr offers sis FARM of 76 acre., with
c ,,,ier lirst rate cultivation, situated
I c-... .m,th-mst of Fremont.
auiuiie mile north of K. Piuith's Saw Mill,
Tn t Itn Tnwnsliin of Green Creek.
Said FARM is stronslv fenced and .bundantty' supplied
IVith mm.1 water; an excellent On-hard of first nfin
. ,.h . , it . ..! n.r. with all the nec-
ot all vanetiea. A c''u ""-- "
essarr Imildincs slnds. c. ,i iW
try For further articular, enqmre of the ""'rT
on the premises. 6AM L. CLAKK.
Green Creek, Feb. 15, 1S5S. Stf
a s-nio1,ln ond tell-imriroved
!,"' 7 Farm, situat.ilin Thompson township. en
' - A eoiintv. Ohio, ami adjoining the village
of Fiat Bock, containing
One llimdrrd Acres,
Larre Brick Honse.nd out Bnildinp. snflicient and leonTC
nierft! and a food bcarinK Orchard. This ram. ill be
soM ('hea)i. and on easy term.. Enunire of A. J. hnapn,
llellevue, Huron County. Ohio: D. Yt . Ann.tronff. Toledo,
Ohio: or .1. T. Andrews, Dundee, Yates County, . .
Novemher30, 1855. -
Fremont Tic(nre Gallery.
TP PH VR1', successor to H. A. Smith, respectfully
. inVorms liie citizens of Fremont and vicinity, that he
is !ill takimr those line, cheap An.brnty, in toe Konms
formerlv occupied by Mr.Smith lVtun-s aken in Kam
or Clonllv weather aswellas Clear. Children. 1 iclures
taken in clear weather in (iro rr.V rttrons may rest
fS- lnst-uctioii.ffiven in Aml.mt.vmnr. Terms, rea
sonahle. Room, in Buckeye Hall Buildin-r- onposite the
Post 1. dice. Apnllo-l-iw.
Pictures on Glass.
THESE SPLENDID flCTUEES,
tvii.PO Ci A Ia 1a EUYi
in a rtvle vot rr.r anr where. They are free from
the plert of Ike Itofnetmi'iye, t the ftanie Uine pot-i-
inc all tlu ir perfwtiM'ss.
'Unv are pni up wnn i"""-" - , ,.
hnth.tosuitcust.Mmra. XTST Tkty arc the matt durable
Pieture ever made,
,Tcent hv breakinc. To sum up tlie rhole matter, they
are illK picture, of the age.
Fremont, Jan. 21, 1S'6.
Fremont Shoeing Shop.
O.VE DOl.TiAi: O.MiY-
For Shoeing a Horse all arov d new!
On the Rr.idy Pay System.
THE subscriber having re-ta-
( j ten his
s now prepared to tlo
In the lowest terms, for CASH or KFAPY PAY-Onlr.
.. :io....:..i.. ;,.,n,.-i'.,fttele. rTf fclion
I U.ioiiier. in "aM - - .
Mcoud house North of the Frriuom House.
Fremont, Decemlier 2S, lS:-5. -rtf
riHK sultserihor has and will eon
V t Fi KMTl'liK. to Ite found in Sandusky
s I starlv keen the best aw.rt.nnt
t ounty, wiiu-u lie wiu wu tui-oii
T AltR A XT to be of
nlo has and will continue to keep on hand a number ol
'dilTerent sizes; varvinjrin price and qualitv to snif the
Eie of rleb or whit.' Henlso has a splendid 1IKAK.M--
that will arcomp-inv Ms Coffin, at Fnnerals.
nearlv onposite the Pnllville T-.-ictory. T,,.-
Hi. Sitop and Ylare Kooms are snuaieu m i.........
Ballviile, May 11, 1S45. lflvl . JUtl. u. riJiu-'.
Fiirnilure Ware Rooms.
cv Stoclc aiul very Low Prircs.
J. W. STKVFNSON, would inform
L'-. ; 1 tit, nul.lic llmt ho line on lmmlandie
Stock of Turnittire Sver offered
!n this ilace. Anion which may be found
Sofas ami. TaMos
Bureaus ami Bedsteads,
Of every variety of style, quality and price. If not on
hand, will be manufactured a desired.
He ha jut recfivod an extensive titock of rane, Flaff. and
Wmul Seat CHAWS, of varimis styh-ft, which bf i wltin,;
nt Ler Vrircs than ever Infore otlvral iu tiiin part of
CofSn Ware Room.
In connection, ho aim has a ('Hflin Ware Room, where will
be kept on hand rrtKnn of all ptzes nn! (styles. Peronp in
the conntr', mav he sure of ohtaiiiinjr Kiich ns they may
want, without delay. He hn a very nice I1KAJ-SK, which
will ai-vmtanv lii coffin when desired.
Crf" Mnnnf-if-tory ami Ware Room on Crojhan street,
third building from Front street.
J. W. STEVENSON.
Fremont, Nov. 30. 1 S55. rol 1. no 1. tf
fJaW ilie nesi ami mi'Hcswnwtr
Fremont Meat Market,
On Front Street, opposite the Post Office.
WILSON & BOWLUS, take pleasure
in informing the citixens of Fremoni, that they
have npenel in the buihlinp lomierly occupied hv J. Kri
dler. directly opposite the 1'ost OtBce, on Front street
A Meat Market,
Where they will always keep on hand the very best qual
ity of freh
Beef, Pork, Veal and Mutton.
Thev plodsre themnelven that nothing but a first rate arti
cle shrill In olltred by them.
"gr Meats will be cut to suit customers; and at all
tiiutMi persona will be waited noon without dilav.
WILSON & BOWLUS.
Frement, February 15, 1856.
If. B. CASH at all times paid for first
quality fat stock. Stf TV. k B.
rnn BUNDLES AND REAMS OF
O J J Double Crown. Medio m, and Common Wrapping
Aa assortment of
Tea Paper, Cap, Commercial Post, &c,
just Received and for sale CHEAPER than at any other
establishment in town, n
V. V. i USSJSLMAJi & CO.
Jan. 11. 1858.
The highest price paid for good Paper Rags.
Iln rsli man's Flour.
THE best article of
the Fremont market. Thi. Flonr is mannf-ieturrdfrom
Superior Southern "White "Wheat,
and will lie
WARRASTF.n TO FPFffF PURCHASER.
bo had at the Railroad Depot of
S. Z. CULVER.
Fremont, Ohio. .4Ctf
EVAPORATORS and Cooler., for Asherles. for sal
It cheap, by t. t. FCESELMAK k CO
From the Sandusky Register.
A number of frentlemen nf Columbn. Ceorjria, have
caused to bepreprnvdnctirlwl ir.eknrvne, mounted with
massive pold, to U1 preBrnted to Mr. Brook r. On the head
in a coiled ftrpeiit encircled with the inscription, "To Pres
ton S. Brooks, from many friends, of Coluuibua Ga. lie
Tiler Ilware.,, On oneVide is the eoa.t of arms of the
State of Sooth Carolina, on the other the coat of anal of
the State of Georgia, Ckarletftnrn Standard.
0b, do not let tout champion
Keadaviiiihodt a rane.
Lest the North should tnke advantare
And ovn its month ncoin.
Lot it be of stout, old hirkorr.
With a masnive, golden head;
And to ruitkf it work the sorer,
Pour in little lead. .
He'll carrT it to the Senate,
And ilourt5b it secretly 'ronrirl
Till the 'rawnrllv, iinj.ndcnt North
Shall mt dare to utter a sound.
Truth. Liberty, Bi-rht and Justice,
Shall not in that chainher awacjrei
While the South can steal on a f".-man
From bohind with cane or a dagger. -
Sneb deeds of unwonted valor
Have scarcely com to prts,
' Since Samson smote the lhi!i-tine
With the ;j:.w-lne of an ass.
Lo and behold, the miracle!
Th" as, himself, dofh sniitf!
And he who tiirhts and runs away
May live ajiin to fightl
' Fumisft Him well with weapons,
Knconrage hiin with rourbraval
Af Titania'did f-r Uiilly Bottom
Wrathe hi fair, lanre ears" witli baya.
Lonp may he le sf tared to you
To run and tivrht asrain!
Loner our Senate hamber
Judge McLean on the Slavery Issue.
We have liecn permitted to a
written hr Judge McLean to a gentleman
in this city. The letter is a private one,
yet we do not believe any breach of courte
sy is committed by making an extract. If
we err, tho Judge must do us the justice to
attribute it ti our wish to set him rig'it
wherever in this community ho may be mis
understood, upon this all-engrossing ques
tion. The letter bears date Wednesday,
Juno 11 tli, and says as follows: Cleve
"Slaverv can no whore exist without the
authority of law ; and it dws not extend
beyond the operation of such law. No mat
ter whether this law is tho result of usage,
ratified bv partial legislation and judicial
action. It is the municipal law by a State,
which makes a human being a chattel, and
such a law is in violation of all the princi
ples of justice, in violation of the law of na
ture, and against the justice of the Al-might-,
except by way of putiiehment.
" So much for slavery in a State, How
is it in- a Territory ? . A territorial govern
ment established over free territory cannot
bo made a slave territory. There is no
power in congress to institute slavery. This
is too -clear to bo doubted. And there
is no . power but through Congress
to establish a territorial government. As
the power is not in congress, they cannot
impart h to the territorial legislature. The
acts of tho legislature are subject to the
power of congress. -
"A master takes his slaves into a territo
ry. How does he hold them ? Not by
anv law, for there is no law in the territory
which authorizes slavery. The master
chastises the slave the master is liable to
be indicted for assault and battery. The
master dies the slaves do not descend to
his heirs. In a territory the slaves are per
sons not property. They can only beacon--
sidered projierty where the law makes them
" In regard to Kansas it constitutes the
darkest page in our history. It is filled
with hvpoerisy the most revolting, tyranny
the most" relentless and eriLshiiiir. It re
minds m of the exclamation of Mirabeau,
"0, Libert! what excesses of outrage and
cruelty have Iven cffnimitted in thy name."
"The ruflians under pretence of execut
ing the law, have trampled it under their
feet, and have iu the name of democracy,
with bowie-knives and revolvers, driven the
judges of election from their seats, usurped
the same, voted in a legislature, which pass
ed laws as cruel and unreasonable as the
laws of Draco. And now under profession
of jrivinrjf effect to those laws they arc mur
dering the citizens of Kansas and burning
When the Harlem 2.15 railroad train,
Saturday was passing over the Harlem
Bridge, and dashing on in a free, full, fiery
way three double whistles gave an alarm
that startled everv bod v! Tho brakemen,
all fortunately at their posts immediately
exerted all in their power to break up and
they succeeded jut as the engine was about
20 feet, it mav be 25 feet, from an open
draw hridrie, yawning for it with 20 feet of
water! Meanwhile the firemen wero seen
leapiiifr over the tender, and aiming for the
tir.-.t c:ir,but the engineer heroically stuck to
his post, thus saved tho tram and tho lives
of all connected with it.
Fortunately there were but three cars,
with no baggage car, and tho train being
thus light, tho engineer was able to save
himself. He could nrl have seen tho open
draw till ho w as well upon tho bridge, and
he was deceived, it is said, bv the wrong
signal being up. Thus wero saved a hun
dred and hlty human beings trom another
It is the duty of the President and Direc
tors of this road to mako the most thorough
investigation of these facts, and to inflict
tho severest punishment upon the employ
ees who have thus endangered tho lives of
travelers. Jy. x. Mixpress.
Marshal J. B. Hoover, of Washington,
savs the Baltimore Clipper, offers a reward
of $5,000 for tho apprehension of Essex,
who accidentally killed Quigley the other
day. ' X uis is ricrlit. 1 no samo Aiarslml
Hover gave a sumptuous entertainment to
Congressman Herbert, who killed Keating
tho Irish waiter, and invited tho friends of
Herbert to make merry at the same before
the Court had, decided to admit him to bail.
Was this rig!5t' also ? We cannot admit
that this w:ts, unless we admit that the in
tentional killing of an Irishman bv a Dem
ocratic member of Congress is n more venial
offence, than tho accidental killing of an
Irishman by an American mechanic.
THE RESPONSE. The People Aroused-The Spirit of the
Fathers of 76 Awakened.
FREMONT AND DAYTON.
Froth all quarters the most enthusiastic re
sponse comes up for tho nominees of the
Republican Convention. FREMONT and
DAYTON are being inscribed on all the
banners. Long may they wave. We give
a few extracts:
The Cleveland Herald of tho J Oth says:
There was raoro .pontaneou. excitement in onr streets
last evening, for FREH0XT, than was even obtained from
the Loco, for hi. opponent mt their rati6cation meeting,
br the aid of mu.ic, cannon and the presence of imported
notables. "Horrah for FjtEMONTr was the cry on the
street. Burhannn stock wont down rapidly, and Fillmore
stock was withdrawn. One hundred gun. were fired this
morning br tuft Artillery Squad. A grand ratification
meeting will be held toon. There will then be a hurrah
for FREM0XT and DAYTON, that will sound to the party
who would drive free men irora free soil, choke up onr
rivers and lake, with stwigrs and bars, and fjive our public
laud to party officials, like the war note, of victora,
A telegraphic despatch . from Ashland,
to the Sandusky Register Office, says the
nomination was received there with un
bounded enthusiasm ! In truth,
" The puns of Freedom are beginning to boom over the
land, as the annonnremunt of the nomination of FRE
MONT is received, and the people are evidently preparing
to crush the dydra-headed monster, TRO-SLAVERY DE
MOCRACY, which ha. been steadily collingits slimy folds
around LIBKRTY, the pillar of our Republic..
A telegraph despatch from Chicago on
the 19th, says, that a large and enthusiastic
meeting was held tho evening previous, to
ratify the nomination of Fremost, and Day
ton, 5000 persons present. The homes of
Freemen cover the vast prairies of tho West,
and with stentorian notes they cry "down
with this Slaveocracy P Tho day is break
ing! Onward, fricuds!
The Cincinnati Gazette, after adverting
to the Colonel's life and character, says:
u We think thi. is the popular idea at the present time,
and that the people will rally to the standard of one just
chosen from their own number, who has not been oorrnpt
e I by !onr years of I itrigue and deinagomery, and will
choose hita fur tb. tr I'Li'iT r,vnli f !,, nor r,..
years." FREMONT and FtKBOX.
The Detroit Advertiser from the home of j
Gen. Cass, the originator of tho "popular
humbug, says: .
u Wherever the cause of truth, of freedom, of justice, i.
, , , , .,.., , ... ..... , .
held dear, there w ill then be rejoicing that at last the day j
breaks and that a brighter day for mankind is at hand. ;
The response will ! full, and perfect, not onlv from Mich
igan, hut throughout the North-west."
At Painsville. on the reeeint of the news.
more than a thousand men and Women
that beautiful town, assembled iti tho park-
to ratify the nominations. ThobraW'Und;80?
discoursed sweet music, 100 guns were fired ;
and a number of speeches raadjs. ' Whenev-1
er tho names of Fremont and Dayto.v, j
mentioned, cheer followed cheer. -
At Norwalk the greatest enthusiasm pre
vailed. The cannon was fired bon-fires
blazed, and the speeches continued to a lato
hour of tho night. Tho People have set
j the ball in motion, and whoever attempts to
! arrest its progress, will be swept away,
j An impromptu meeting was called at
Sandusky, and was addressed by Messrs.
Bill, Cook, Sloane, Beechcr and others.
The Register says :
"Taken aH in all, this meeting may be considered oneof
i the most enthusiastic we have had since the '40campaign.
The good feeling and hearty expressions of approbation
mad by almost all present, show how the heart of the
i people ratifies the nomination.
In the East the nomination is received
j most joyfully. From valley to valley, and
jfrom hill-top to hill-top the huzzas have
-been rm-en nnil rp-ficriop,! until smrr villoma
jand hamlet have joined in the universal
! shout of FREMONT and FREEDOM.
j In Xew York City the greatest enthusiasm was exhib
ited. fJreat crowds gathered about the newspaper offices
, impatient to hear the news. Cheers long and loud went
' up for "Free Speech, Free Territory, Free Men and, FRE
MONT. The new. of the nomination bad hardly been an
nounced before a gun a brass piece from the arsenal an
nounced from tbe Park the weicom. new.. One hnndred
and fifty guns were Bred by order of the Republican Cen
tral Committee. Flags were hoisted npon several public
buildings, and some house, were brilliantly illuminated,
and fire-works were hrought into play. The nomination
was greeted every where as one fit to be made. The Bu
chanan men looked terrified and the Republicans joyful."
The Buffalo Republic which has been a
democratic sheet, now heads its columns
with Fremont and Dayton. Threo cheers
for the Republic! It speaks on this wise:
M We heard and saw along onr streets, last night, (iSth)
the greatest enthusiasm in regard to the nomination of
Fremont. The joy appeared to be almost universal, and
npon almost every lip were the words, 'Good hnrrah for
Fbexo.vt. TVe never knew a nomination so cordially
and enthusiastically received. As the representative of a
great principle, we cannot hut think that he i. thepopular
man of the north', in this cricis, and that Franklin Pierce,
Esq.. will irive way on the 4th of March next, for John C.
At Boston, on Wednesday evening, 100
guns were fired on tho announcement of
Fremont's nomination. Tho Young Men's
Republican Club brilliantly illuminated their
head quarters. Tho home of Sumner will
roll up a mountain majority for FREMONT.
In Syracuse, they immediately formed a
Fremont Club, of which tho Journal says:
" More than one-half its member, have, np to this tim-
never voted any other than a democratic ticket. This is
hut the beginning of the end. and that end i. the over
throw of the slavery party . Roll on the ball.
At Albany, there was a general time of
rejoicing. One hundred guns were fired
from Capitol Square, by tho Young Repub
At Poughkeepsio there was a spontane
ous outburst of joy, cannon were fired and
On Saturday evening a German Fremont meeting was
held in Cincinnati. Charles Reemelin, Judge Stallo and
other prominent Germans were announced aa tho speak
ers of the meeting in the Cincinnaii papers of Saturday.
The Ilaily Rpblitaxcr, the Daily Volkt Ulatt, the Hoci-ra-rlilcr
and Tarazeituajr, German papers having an ex
tensive circulation in all the western States support the
Ui-piib'.ican cause with ability and icaL
A spotaneous. and cheering ratification
meeting was held in Indianapolis, immedi
ately after the reception of the news. Bon
fires blazed in every portion of tho city.
Frank Pierce will hear tho indignation of j
Indiana, next November. ' ' I
JOIIV CHARLES rilE.lIO.NT,
ChewkcCS, after whie.ll he Jollied M. NicO-
lot, a distinguished French savan in the
employ of tho United States, in an cxplor
sovereignty" ing expedition over tho North-Western pra-
: , ' tt 1 . - .t
ines. lie was employed m this survey, in
W'hich ho acted as principal assistant, during
ho reskloJ for somo t!mo at Washington,
whcrc Lo fl)rmcd acquaintance of the
Umll7 of Mr BeBton result;ng in his mar
were r'aSe i 1841, to one of Mr. Benton's
... Whom tho People's Convention at Phil
adelphia have selected to head the grand
exploring expedition in tho search of the lost
and almost forgotten landmarks of the Con
stitution, is still a young mar... : His father,
who died whon'ho was a child, was a
Frenchman, hid mother a Virginian. He
was born at Savannah on the 21st of Janu
ary, 1813, and educated at Charleston,
South Carolina, where his mother, left a
widow : with threo children, had taken up
her residence. Tho circumstances of the
family were exceedingly narrow, and the
childhood of Fremont wassurrouded by pri
vations and difficulties which, with a power
ful nature like his, naturally tended to de
velop tho heroic elements of his character.
At Charleston, Fremont enjoyed tho in
structions of Dr. John Robertson, who, in the
preface to a translation of Zenophen's Re
treat of tho Ten Thousand, which ho pub
lished in 1850, frcords with prido tho re
markablo proficiency of his pupil. In 182S
he entered the junior class of Charleston
College. After leaving, which he employed
himself for somo time as a teacher of
mathematics. In 1833 he obtained that
post on board the sloop-of-war Natchez,
which had been sent to Charleston to put
down tho nullifiers (a purpose similar to
that for which ho is now nominated for
President,) and, on board of her ho made a:
cruise of two years and a half. On his re
turn ho adopted the profession of a survey
or and railroad engineer, and was employed
in that capacity under Captain Williams of
tho Topographical Engineers in tho survey
of a route from Charleston to Cincinnati.
When this survey was suspended, he ac
acompnied Capt Williams in a rcconnois-
ance of the country then occupied by the
tho years 1833 and 1839, and while absent
upon it was appointnd a Second Lieutcn
of,antiu tbe CoT of Topographical Engin
eers. M hlio reducing the materials of this
daughters. . -
Shortly after in May, 1842 ho started
on the first of his three great exploring ex
peditions. This expedition, which occupied
about five months, resulted in the explora
tion of the famous South Pass across the
Rocky .Mountains, and in the ascent by
Fremont and four of his men of tho Wind
River peak, the highest summit of the Rocky
Mountain chain. ..Tho report of this explo-
.ration attracted great attention, both at
home and nbroad,as well for its unpretending,
modesty as for the importance of the in-
formation contained in it This report was
scarcely published when its author started
on a second expedition designed to connect
the discoveries of the first one with tho sur
veys to be made by Commodore Wrilkos of
tho Exploring Expedition of tho Pacific
Coast, and thus to embrace a connected sur
vey of tho almost unknown regions on both
sides of the Rocky Mountains. The party,
including thirty-nino persons, started fromj
tho village of Kansas on tho 29th of May,
1843, and were employed in the exploration
till August of the next year. It was this
exploration that first furnished any accurate
information as to the Great bait Lake, the
great interior basin of Utah, and the Moun
tain Range of tho Sierra Nevada, and first
brought to light, as it were, the region now
constituting the Territory of Utah and the
State of California.
After preparing the report of this expe-
lltion in thO tipniio Ot 1 840, r remont, now
a Captain, set OUt On a tnirtl expedition dO- j
sirrnpfl to mil-A n more TVlrtienl-ir Ktirvev of
signed io make a more particular sun ey oi,
the regions which he had previously visited,
It was while engaged in this expedition,
and before ho had received any intimation
of the commencement of tho war with Mex
ico, that, after having himself been once
ordered off by the authorities, he was induc
ed by the entreaties of the American set
tlers in the valley of the Sacramento, whom
tho Mexicans threatened to drive out of the
country, to put himself at their head. Thus
led they defeated tho Mexicans. Fremont
put himself into communication with the
naval commanders on tho coast, and soon,
in conjunction with Commodore Stockton,
obtained complete possession of California,
of which, on the 24th of August, ho was ap
pointed Military Commander. The fight-;
ing, however, was not yet over. The Cali
fornians rose in insurrection; but tho arriv
al of Gen. Kearney with his dragoons from
Now Mexico, enabled tho Americans, after
somo hard-fought battles, to maintain them
selves in possession. Pending these opera
tions, a commission arrived for Fremont as
Lieut Colonel a promotion which neither
ho nor his friends had solicited, but which
he gladly received as a ratification on tho '
part of the Government of his intervention, I
, . .,. j. -I
On his own responsibility, in tnO anaira Oli
FfOtD tho moment Of Kearney S nmval a .'
.11 ' 1 1 i
dispute had Sprung lip between llim and.
Commodore Stockton as to tho chief Com-
. , T,--
mand. Kearney SOUgllt tO tllrOW upon f rO-
mont tho responsibility of deciding between'
1 J . , 1
their respective claims. This ho declined,
e v .Un. M am
professing his readiness, if they would agree
between themselves, to obey either; but do-
, . ... .. ., - . .
.'larino his intention, till that point was set-
tied, to continue to obey the commander
Milder whom ha had first placed llim W-if, and
, ., , , , , . 1
by whom the war had btfm conducted.
Kearney was greatly dissatisfied at this, but
,-, , , . v I
dissembled his resentment till thy both
reached Fort Leavenworth on thoir return I
home, -when he arrested Fremont for diso
bedience of orders and brought him to trial '
before a court-martiaL j
As this Court held that Kearney was the )
rightful commander, they found Fremont !
guilty of tho charges, and sentenced him to j
be dismissed from the service. : Mr. Polk, j
then President, signed the sentence as be- j
ing technically right, but at tho same time!
oftcred Fremont a new commission of the i
samo grade ns that of which ho had been
deprived. This Fremont refused, and re
turned a simple citizen to- private life.
Thus, discharged from tho service of the
Government, he undertook a fourth explor
ing expedition of his own, with a view to
discover a passage across tho Rocky Moun
tains south of the Sout h Pass, near tho head
of the Arkansas, which might serve tho pur
pose of a railroad communication with Cal
ifornia. He started from Pueblo, on the
Upper Arkansas, with thirty-three men and
a hundred and thirty-three mules ; but mis
led by his guides, nil his mules and a third
of his men perished in tbe snows and cold
of the Sierre San Juan, and ho himself ar
rived on foot at Santa Fo with tho loss of
everything but his life. Not, however, to
be baned, he rchtted the expedition, and in
a hundred days, after fresh dangers, reached
tho banks of tho Sacramento.
In tho rising State of California in which
ho had become one of the earliest American
proprietors by the purchase during his form
er visit of tho sinco famous Mariposa grant,
Mr. Fremont took a great interest. He
was active in the formation of the State
fnniititiitlfin nnrl in eonrI,r in .,,
mcnla tivo cxclus-on of slavery, and
was chosen one of the first Senators to rep
resent the new Stito in Congress. A short
term of two years fell to his lot, and, owinor
to the delay in tho admission of the Stite,
he sat in the Senate only one short session.
On the expiration of his term the political
control of the State had passed into new
hands, of which a striking proof was given
in the choice of John B. Weller, a decided
Pro-Slavery man, as his successor in the
Mr. Fremont now devoted himself to de
veloping the resources of his California es
tate, which had been discovered to bo rich
in gold; but, in addition to the loss of his
commission, as tho only reward ho had re
alized tor his services in California, he now
found himself greatly annoyed by claims
against him for supplies which, during his
campaign in California, had been furnished
ItQ .tlie United States on his private credit
During a visit to London he was arrested
on one of these claims, and it was only af
ter a great delay that the Government of
the United States was finally induced to re
lieve him from further annoyance by th
payment ot these debts. . In maintaining
his rieht to the Mariposa property, he was
also obliged to encounter many annoyances
on the part of tho Government which resist
cd his claim, but finally by repeated decis
ions t tho isuprcme Court of the L united
states, be triumphed over all of them. '
Havincr exhibited a singular force of char-
acter and a distinguished ability in every
undertaking to w hich ho has applied him
self, lie has now been called by the loud
voice of his fellow-citizens -in ' almost all
parts of tho Union to place himself at the
head of a now, moro difficult, but at the
same time most glorious enterprise that
of rescuing tho Government and tho Union
from the hands of, a body of unprincipled
politicians, who threaten to subject the
country to the double misery of despotism
and of anarchy. May ho be as successful
in this as in overvthing'elso that he has un
dertaken! And that ho will be, who can
doubt ? for surely every honest man in tho
country will hasten to aid him with his voice
and his vote. N. Y. Tribune. '
The Murderer Herbert in the Cincinnati
It has been iterated and reiterated over
again, that Herbert, who killed tho Irish
man Keating, at Willards' Hotel, is a K. N.,
it has also been denied that Herbert was
in the Cincinnati Convention, this asser
tion and this denial are put at rest by Mr.
Bowles, of the Springfield (Mass.) Repub
lican, who was reporter at that Convention,
Mr. B. says: Cleveland Herald.
Mr. Ilerbert. of California, who killed Mr. Keating, the
'P now waiter, mas at I lm-innati, ana in tn l.oovcn-
times, once om-p.ving a prominent position upon the
P'tfonn. And the demand of Thomas D'Arcr McGee, in
Mlf of tne Irish ,-cmcmCT of the countrv, that he be
expelled from the Convention, was treated with contempt,
and was not even laid before the body by it. officers.
And yet this D'Arcy M'Gee will sup
port tho nomination made by this conven
tion, of which tho murderer was one of its
members. His paper will be bought to the
support of Buchanan in less than thirty
days if it has not now been done. His let
ter was all bombast ; tho convention treated
it as such, nnd its author of just as little
consequence. The result will be that he
will take it all back, aud shout "long live
Herbert my brother's murderer."
For Fremont and Freedom!
Wlinstanaing mat, mey v-wiito. .uu win oo. pniwui w
be harnessed to the car, nor be dragged behind theJug
Pili'tVirnlo gernaut of Slaverv Great applause. I move. Sir, that
in compliment to that body of men, who in lSts, rolled
up a Free-Soil vote of 121,0O0, these representatives be
invited to take seats hereas honorarv memhersrApplanse.
Various ohfections were raised of partiality, and that
the h.allwaalreadv uncomfortably crowded."
John Allnon of Pi-no., moved, as amendment, that the
flelogntes of the Pennsvl--am State Republican Conven-
"" hith m here invited to seat, as
honorarv m -mher..
M-. niiriuut of New Yorkboped that itwonid not go
on to the nation fiat fri-nd. of Silas Wright wri vo-
.lt r.onl hrin? npna th), tnnT r,.ri ,- ...v
"" That man in hi. time had more W -over
X-w To'kera than the ruling power at Washington.
A ,l..V,te t New -minsMre .ai that they wonl.l
hoM tli-s-' ine-i i-i th. ii lms rather than that they should
Amid eric, of QnesUou. Question-the vote - taken
on the original motion of Gen. V tele of New York, and it
n triumphantly ean-teo'.
The following significant incident which
occurred in the Philadelphia Republican
National Convention shows something of
the spirit of dissatisfaction which exists
among tho staunch old democracy of the
Empire State :
Gen.ViEL of New York said that there was a delega
tion here from the Council of One Hundred of radical
Democrats of New York, who had acceded from the dem
ocratic partr in that State. They were the friend, of Si
las Wright Cheers. They are men who can trace their
Democrntic pedigree to Tompkins and Clinton; but noC
withstanding that, they cannot and will not consent to
DELIVERED BEFORE THE WASHINGTON OF LANCASTER,
ON THE 4TH OF JULY, 1816.
BY JAMES BUCHANAN ESQ.
'THntTY-NINE years ago, npon th!
day, we were declared an independent peo
ple. At that time the Continental Con-
gress burst asunder the chain? which boun d
thcin to Great Britain, and resolved to bu
free, or perish in the attempt, Upon that
day they presented to tho world a specta
cle of wisdom and firmness which tas cev-i-r
er been excelled. . '" :' ; :
To make a proper estimata of their con
duct, we must take into view the than situ
ation of this country, compared with that
of our enemy. On the one side, the armies
of Great Baitain were numerous and . veto
ran; they were led by commanders who had.
acquired military reputation in every clime ;
they were supported and furnished with
every implement of war by a nation whow
wealth has, upon different occasions, puf
chased the service of all the crowned heads
in Europe. On the- other side, cur
armies were so small and unacquainted
with military discplino; our officers; wero
destitute of experience, and were so misci
ably poor that our brave soldiers were not
more than half clothed, and their winter
marches over the frosty ground which they
were defending, could le tracked bv tho
blood that flowed from their naked feet.
. But even these were not tlia only disad
vantages under which wo labored. Whilst
our enemy invaded us without, tho torch' of
discord and of treason was lighted no '
m. v hen independence was declared, ine
mother country had a powerful party throug
hout all the middlo State3, and many adhcr
rents in every other part of tho Union. ',
HE BECOMES VERY PATRIOTICALLY INCLINED.
Dreadful, therefore, was the responsibili
ty of that Congress. Had ' not victort
crowned their banners, their names would
have been crushed by tho people of thia
conutry as tlie promoters of a destructive '
civil war, while their blood would have
flowed on the scafMd as a sacrifice' to. ap
pease the spirit of British' vengeance, i la
this awful situation, whilst the dark cloud
of destruction appeared ready to burst upon,
them they declared to the world our Inde
pendence. They thought that - -
. Krie day. ocehemrof virtnons Uherty,.''1 ' " 'i
Was worth a whole eternity of bondage." ,.
Ever Listing honor to thoir names I
The gratitude of a free p coplo, will forever
hallow their memory. .; v. ., '. . y
It is not my intention, at this time- te
give you a narrative of those glorious event
of tho Revolutionary War, w hich lod to tho
njcogiiition of our Independence by Great
Britain and by tho world. They hav
been tho subject of so many orations, and
such general interest, that they aro familiar
to every mind. Tho present oration shall
contain a short historical sketch of the
most prominent actions of the party now
in power in this country, and thoir conse
quences; and also enquiry concerning the
course which sound policy dictates that the
government of the Uiu'ted States should
pursue in future. The importance of those
subjects, although not strictly connected
with the celebration of tin's, day, will, I
trust bo their apology to every mind. : .-.j
HE TOUCHES THE DEMOCRACY LIGHTLY.
There was a powerfid FACTION in
the United States opposed to the adoption--nf
the Federal Constitution. The individ
uals of which it was composed were called
anti-federalists, and were the founders of
the Democratic party. , They gloried in
setting themselves in array against our pres
ent admirable form of government. The
authors af this opposition were chiefly
DEMAGOGUES, who might have raised
to the head of a state faction, but who felt
conscious that their talent would be eclips
ed, when the luminaries of the United
States would be collected around tho Gen
eral Government To gratify their ambi
tion they wished that this country should
continue divided into a number of petty
state sovereignties without any efficient
government for their control.,- ' 'r
This they desired although they had tho
example of ancient Greece before their eyes,
and well knew tho clashing interests of the
States and their mutual jealousies kept alive
bv alliances with different foreign nations,
would have made thi3 country a perpetual
theatre of contention and civil war, until it
had fled for refuge into the arms of despot
ism. They produced ruin to tho State Gov
ernment and to tins "liberties "of the peo
ple, from the powers of the federal govern
ment. By these means they succeeded in
alarming the fears of many good men, and
inducing them to believe, that government,
which is now the paladium of their safety,
would be the instrument of destruction.
Notwithstanding their desperate effort the
constitution was adopted, and ' Washington
was elected President
It might have been supposed that those
factionaries would have been awed into
silence by his wisdom and virtue. This
was not tho case. . The oppsition which
they had given to the federal government,
was now transferred to its administration.
At first, indeed, the voice of calumny dared
only to whisper against Washington and
his measures, but ere long it was heard io
When the French revolution commenced,
it was hailed by the people of this country,
generally as tho dawn of rational liberty ia
Europe. But when, in its progress it had
become the destruction of religion and mor
ality when thousands of citizens were dai
ly sentenced to death and butchered with
out trial and without crime when all the
horror of anarchy were poured out upon
that devoted country at home and when
Attila-like it had become the scourge of
God to foreign nations; tho Washingtonian
party began to entertain fears of its result,
and thought it necessary to stem the torrent
of French influence, which was rapidly over
flowing our country. To this duty they
wero imperiously called, as it was not only
in theory one of the avowed objects oY that
government to spread revolutionary princi
ples over the whole world, bat they had
actually attempted to sow the seeds of re
bellion throughout the United States
HE ACCUSES THE DEMOCRACY OF LIBELLING
True to their original principles and their
first love, the Democratic party of that day
became more the friends of the French AS
THEY BECAME MORE THE ENE
MIES OF SOCIAL ORDER. . When the
proclamation of neutrality was issued Dy
Washington that proclamation of neutral
ity was now almost universally admitted to
have been tho salvation of our country
that proclamation which "impartially placed
England and r ranee upon the same tooting.
and laid open tho commerce of tho world
to America, they wero enraged that we nau
not entered into an alliance with the French
Republic, and waged war, under their, ban
ners, against tlie human race. But,, when
the treaty of peace with England, common
ly called Jay's treaty, was ratified by Wasbv
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