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Fremont journal. (Fremont, Sandusky County [Ohio]) 1853-1866, July 04, 1856, Image 1

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FREMONT JOURNAL.
IS1AC 71. KEELEIS, Proprietor.
The JOURNAL is published every Friday morning.
Office In the third Btoryf Buckl&nd's liiuck Fremont,
Banduaky county, Ohio.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One eopr, per year, in advance, by snail Jl ,50
Jid within the year 2,tK)
, After the expiration of the year 2,50
Town subscribers, in advance
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Ont Square- 10 linen or less, one insertion, $0.50
do. Each additional insertion 0,25
do. Three months 00
do. Sil months .(0
do. One rear S,00
One-fourth column, change quarterly, 1 year-. 15.00
One-third do. do. do ... 20,00
One-half do. do. do --?""
Whole do. do. do ...
Busines Cards 8 lt or lesa, one rear , ,
Leaded Notices preceding marriaceR, and Double col
lii Advertisements, to be charged donl.lethe alwvenvte.
Advertisements should he marked ito the number or
Insertions or they will be continued until ordered out and
charged accordingly.
JOB PRINTING,
Of all kind, nesflv and expedition sly evecuted, and that
too, to the full satisfaction of our patrons.
TILAKKS.
Of all disrriplions kept on hand, or 0B
sWhasTfutin. ISAAC M. KKr.I.r.ll, j
Editor and Proprietor remont Jourssil.
i. o. o. r.
taonilAX Low-i. Ko. 77, Independent order of Odd Fel
lows, meets at Odd Fellows- Hall, In buckland s Block,
ererv Saturdav evening.
Fremovt F.fTAJtPxiivT. Ko. 64. T.O.O.F., meets in the
ame Hall on the 2d and 4th Monday evenings of every
Uonth.
Masonic.
Fort Stetoktso Loihje, No. 225, Free and Accepted
"Masons, meets at Masonic Hall, in Dnnci son's Block, on
the 1st and 3d Tuesday evenings of every month.
Frkmott Chaptke, No. 61, Royal Arch Masons, meets
sat the same place, on the 1st Friday evening of every
month. .
I. O. T.
Fonmnt I.otx-Jt, No. ISO, Independent Order of Good
Templars meets at their Hall, in "Buckeye Building, ev
ery Friday evening.
PICTURE GALLERY.
A. 1. WILES,
Daguerreian and Ambrotypist
TTTII.L befonnd at liis Gallery at all hours. Pictures
V taken in Cloud, as well a. Clear we.lker. All are
Inviteito call and examine specimens. Oallery in the Jd
atory oi Ainu uim;, i .0......,
Cohorts & S'toldon.
Manufacturers of Copper, Tin, and Sl.eet-Imn War and
Delers in Stoves A?ri, ult.iral Implements. Moves. Ka,
Wool, Hid.-S, Sheep-pelts. Old Connor, Old Stoves, &r.
Atl sorts or eenuine 1 ankee -Notions. J'
ilMk. Ko. 1. Fremont. Ohio. May 29, 184.
funfifld A- Brother.
Hardware Merchants. All kinds of Iron and S teel wares
both American and Imported: sold at Wholesale or Re
tail Everv pattern of Cook. Parlor or Box Moves. AT
rieo'ltnral and Farm Implements. tVooden-warc Cnruage,
Oils. Taints, fcc, Belta' Block, No. 2, Fremont, Ohio.
p. p. Fussclintiii at Co.,
Healer in Stoves, Tin, Sheet-Iron, Copper-ware, Wash
Wr.ls. Plows, kr. We have .,,on.-d an entire new stock
in the Trier Block. Corner of Front and Crophan streets,
and shall be rnnstantlr receivioR additions. Particular
attention will be fivou to Jobbing and Repairing of every
kind. Call and see us. April 2,, ISoo.
Greene & Finelroi k.
Attirnevs st Law; will attend to all business entrusted
to their rare. Office .S ims' Block, Corner of Croghsn
and Main street. Fremont, Ohio. Vrncir
J. L. GREENE. T. P. F1NF.FROCK.
Denistiy.
E. J. CON'CIER, Hrxtal SrRcrov. respectfully tenders
bis professional services to the riliu-na of Fremont and vi
cinitv. T.eth inserted en vivr.t. cold or silver plate, and
in the neatest manner. j (Mlice in Sharp and Suonio's
Building, front room np-f-Liira.
Fremont, April IS, ISM.
S. KiirKI lt-.d A" Co.,
Ttealera in nrucs, M -dirine. Dvs-stulTs, disss, Paints,
Oils, Books, Stationery, Ac, Fremont, Ohio.
BickI:ind A Everett,
Attorney and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
Chancer-," ill Attend to pnif -ssiotml bm'r.ie and Land
Airencv in Sandusky and adjoin;, :g counties. Office, 2nd
atnrv B'-tckland's H!--k, Fremont.
R.' P. Bl tKLAM). IWMER EVERETT.
t tie tor Etlserton,
Attornev and Counsellor at Law, and Soli.-itor in Chan
eerv. will csn fu!lv attend to all l'rof..sional Business left
ia his .-hTC. He will a'so attend to t rie collection of
claims, Ac. in t'ois and adioitiing counties. OQice, Scc
oud story Nims' Block, Fremont, O.
lrs. Wilson tilvc:i,
Fremont, Ohio, residence on Croghan Street, nearthe
Court House. Feb. 24, Js ti.
J AS. W. WILSON. Tims. SHLWLLL.
CROGIIAN HOUSE, ,
FIl.lAK X. CI RXEr, Proprietor.
(Succewor to J. F. VnmliTcnok.)
Hie CROnnA HorsK i? nitnati'd in the cntral. burint-w
portion u(tho town, n the Pike, rrn rof Front Smtt.
" rx'Ttioiir on Hit part of the (v-op-i-tor, to tv?h1.t the
ftt.tr f ?U"t: t-.!u plriiji-tnt JKi shall U'spar-. i.
Tut- I n-irri-iTi House (iiiii.int ruim to the Dfpot in coD
OiTtion w itli vvvry tntin of Car.
tiCKSTSconv-v.rd to andfrnin free of cltarpe.
FREMONT, OHIO.
December 2S, 1 SOS. 4Stf
I'hctnloro Clapp,
Manufacturer of C.'nf -eti inen- and dealer in Foreiim and
riomestic Nuts F.-ui:-. tJroceri.-s, and Yaekee Netitnis
Princiie and H ivana t iirj.. ilain street, Fremont, O.
June 19,
1. II. IIEEIIV, Clyde, o.,
Wholesale an.l retail dealer in staple and laney Prj
Coods, L.viics' Ins tioods, shawls, ciothinir, lioots and
hoes: the larir st a.-ortim ut at the leTest p. ices.
Clvd , O, Mav ii, ls:a. 17tf
Juiiciiaii ISoIel,
S. C. WHITCilEn, Tkopriktor, Cltuf, 0.
Trnstv Porters in attendance to convey Itairasre to and
from the (Jarsfri-e of Charge. A I.ivery Malile is attach
ed to the house, wtieie horses and carriages can at all
times be had. u.-cemiaT 2u, 100.
. --
II om opo pa; li y .
Ir. J. "W. Faii.isn, liavinir e.t.i!iliFliel liimtself for the
piirrtofie of prai-tirinir Hoiiio;.:itnv in tliis yce an'l vi-
cinitv, woul'l resjieetfully artnounee to the public that hi:
resent arm'iff'iiie!its will enable ttinte d"sirous of avail
inir themselves of M.iniipui..ic treatment, to rely with
certaintv upou prompt ni lent inn to their calls, whether in
r out of town, r r it toni. m li:irp Mioino Hloek,
N. B. Ir. F. pays particular atleptit.n to all forms of
climate diseases. i- remom, apni ju, ia.
Daniel Low cry.
Fashionable Brler and Il.tir Prefer. FliaTinjf or
ShampoonUi(r d me at all hours. Shop in the north end
of the Crnghan House.
C. O. E lton.
Physician and Surgeon, CLYDE, OHIO
COSFECTIOXFKY!
T-W now dilv minuf Lctunti-r at my Otmreetionery, on
J the corner ! t rout a:ii Market street
Candies of Every description,
and in ererr dfscrihable nhipe anl pattern. All Cnnfee
tionTiP 'Id iy roe are inanufactiiimi 1mm steam reiined
Wait Svsir, anil not from the common N. Orleans su:rr
are the c;rt!.tt portion of of the Cantiies sold in this part
of the cnuntrv.
OM-re for anv amount lesa than 6,000 pound can be
HUM on application. TiiEODOKE CLAi'f",
Fremont, June 24,
For Sale or to Let!
A SEAT NEW COTTAGE HOUSE !
Full sized Lot. Terms casv.
J. MITCHELL.
Fremont, April 11, 1S56. Tltf
T EATIIER STORE in full operation
JJ New arnrals ot all kinds ol L.eaiuer st
April 11, 16j. lltf. MITCHELL-S.
y-r(PPFR. TTK. and PHKET IROV WORK. We call
Yj tho especial attention of all wantinp snch arork, as we
par particular attention wi inn umi.rn mn
August 10, ISoi. P. P. KL'SSELMAN k CO.
TJTIING on your PRODUCE, and get
ivooaa cQcap ana goon, vi
P. B. BEERY,
February 1, 1S5. Clyde, Ohio
Suburban Residences.
To Mechanics and others in. want of a home
in the Corporation.
I AM now offenne mv Lots on the East side of the Rirer
consisting of THREE ACRES EACH.it
Low Price and Reasonable Terms.
Said Lots are onjy sixty rods east of the Rail Road Bridge,
Adjoining the Toledo and Clevtlmni Railroad.
ThT are FORTY" RODS HELP, having a road on eacl
nd'of them; they are In full view of the town, affording
Tht tat prospect tf the place in the Corporation.
To those who have business in town,
and desire the privilecre of pastnratre for Cows, a Garden,
Potato-pat rh, Jtc., this is good oporlnnitn to invest, and
have CHEAP and BEAUTIFUL HOME.
JAMES MITCHELL.
Fremont, March 7, 1856. 7tf
H
ARRISONS Extracts and Perfomerys for sale cheap
0
LD fJOPPER and BRASS bought hr
r. r. i U-HSELJIAN CO.
!
at
In
i-ke.tin
P-rjrv
n
To
2
yol. iy.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO, JULY 4, 1856:
NO: 23.
j
!
I
F. It. C031STOCK,
Sandusky Cily, Ohio,
avv j.A 1 A T a. linn' anrl fiHlf1pmfn sTAT
io. Vs., Ainravfi. Kinri. uan -
mantB of everj- raru-ty. deaneU, and the colorB rvstorcd or
cnangfKi.
Saudusky, April 18, 1856. 12m3
EI3I0RE HOUSE.
JACRSOX BEERY, Proprietor.
ELMORE, OHIO.
TUTS is a new lanro and commodious Ilonse, and is in
tVe immediate vicinity of the C. k T IJ-ailcaA Tra,-e lers
that no eanense wiU bo spared to render
their stav pleasant and agreeable.
1.-1 i,.! 1R lsofi. 1-u
tUUlill, i -1
RICE &, BURNETT,
Importers and AVholosalo Dealers in
CHINA, CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,
No. 11, Superior StreetLEA LLA.m',
r. w. B1CK.
p. R. BUR-VETT.
Cleveland, March 21, 1S56.
Farm for Sale.
At-i TnF.sul.srriberofferssisFARMor76 ."itl1
t TTTi 65 acresunder first rate cultivation, situated
? I .il.Mrf f Fressoat.
anrinc mile north of K. Smith's Saw Mill,
In tlio TownsLip of Groen Creok.
Said FARM is stronjlv fenced and sbnndantli- supplied
oV,Me,:r:A"oor;.; ;.
-""ire 'o.crU.r
lireen cretit, r vv. u, a"..
FARM FOIl SALE.
,.i.l.lo onrl v-ll-ini!iroved
sail i""1,J - I 0
MM if Farm, situated in Thompson tos-nship. Sen-"ai!s.'-li
oca eountv. Ohio, and adjoining the vi.lage
of Flat Hock, containing
rt.. llssnslred Acres.
Lanre Prick Ho.sear-lt BniWinSH
nient. and a coon neanec ..... - -
sold t heap, and on easy terms, kn-l?'" "f VJ
Hellevne. Huron County. Ohio: P. W - Armstrons. T.dido,
Ohio: or J. T. Andrews, Dundee, atos County, 1.
KoremlT30, IS.'iS. 44lf
Fremont Picture Gallery.
.. . r. r.,tl,-
TB. SIIAKP, successor to II. A. roin o. r. r.. ......
. informs the rili-ns of Fn-mont and vicinity, that he
is still taking those tine, cheap Ainbrotvpes in the - l. ms
fomierlyoccupiedby Mr.Sini. -JZZ
taken in "elear wither in txo scroti: 1'atroitB ma rest
assnrr-.lnfirettiTicpt'rf.'ptininintun-f..
In"trurtioiif riven in Aninnui
RnnaWle. Rooms in Buckeye Hall Buil.Un nn.the
Tost t'lT.e. "
Pictures on Glass.
rpiIESE SPLENDID PICTURES, are
JL taken at
AVIIiES' GAIiI.EKY,
in a stvle SOT srv sskp sny .'here. They are free from
the 'rc ( Vazvcrrtutypt, aline sanic un,t ir.,,-
sin all their penectness.
Thev are pot upunhtl.e positive or noa..- . . ...
both, to suit customers. The, arc t!u mow tfarnW.
Picture crcr viaiie,
BEING INDESTRUCTIBLE,
eveert l-v hreakinc. To sum up the ahole mattor, tuey
arelllE pictures of the age.
A. L. it llJo.
Fremont, Jan. II, ISiS. .
FURNITURE!
ri-11. solscri!er has and will con
' ' V I ptnr.tlv krep the lest asso-tineltt 01
---iJ-! ' yi iiMTrHK, to l-foiind in Sai dufk-
-ta3 fminlt. ivhicii he will sell cheap and
;ant to U' of
Superior Workm it,sli:p.
n has and will cintinuc to keep on liand a number ol
IT" als
Heady
-nmue
corrzijs.
OfdilT,
.Tent size; v.irx ire tn prire and qnnlitro .iit tl:r
tastes
that
His
nearlv
Ball
ti ri'-n or poor, in- -
ill acromion his CoSii-s at Funeral.
Shop am) Rnoi-is an Mtuated in BallvilU
, iii, May V, 1S55.-M.-1 . JOHN G. SIMON.
Furniture Ware Rooms.
Sew Sleek very Low Prices.
t m- cTrvrvafiV m-nnlil inform
TVv tbetjul'ii- that lie lias on hand and is
MA VUFAC1 VRt U
-""ciiS the best an-1 most extensive
Stock of FurEitnre Ever cered
In this place. Amoiip wliicli may be found
Safns mid Talfb's,
Bureaus and Bedsteads,
f)f ererr rarifty rX fiyle, quality and. price. Ifnotoi.
hand, ili be manufacture-1 a dt-pired.
ITe bait iastreecircfj an exteni. e Ftrk of Cane, Fl.ir. Tid
Wood Seat CHAIilS, .f various styles, niiicli lie in w-lHup
hotter Prices than ever before ottered in this part of
the Country.
Coffin Ware Room.
eonneetinn, he alo lms n Toffin Ware H;om, where will
liand folliiis uf all we and sty '.05. lVrmi in
ttr rnii'itrv. ninv Ite Fiin-of l.IiniP Pil-ii 5 they inrtv
vant. without d-l:ty. Heb.t averynin HKAKSK, hi-li
will fr-.m'ianv liU coflir.r wln-n desin-d.
Z M:i nn factory and Ware lloom Croghan street
third building from Front stn et.
J. W. STEVENSON.
Fremont, Nov. 30, 1855. vol 1. no 1. tf
Fremont Meat r.larket.
On Front Street, opposite the Post Office.
"VT WILSON, tako jcasure infonninc:
citizens of Kn'inont, tiuit re nns opened in iu
buil.lirijr tnrni'Tly oceu ied by J. Kridler, diretth onpo-i-itetUe
Tost ttliii'f, on Front utreet
A Mt'at Jlarkct,
Where he will always keep on hand the very best qual
ity of fiesh
Beef, Pork, Veal and Mutton.
Tie jih-dfros himself that nothing but a Girt rate article
pliili rie ottered by him.
Mi-ats -h it t be rut to nuit enetomerf: and at all
tiiiKb persons v. ill be vaUed upon without drhtv.
2f. WILSON.
Frcment, February 15, 1 VG.
N. B. CASH at all times paid for first
quality fat stock. 3tf N. W.
Paper.
BUNDLES AND EEAMS OF
Ovvf Double Crown, Medium, and Common Wrapping
P A P E It .
An assortment of
Tea Paper, Cap, Commercial Post, fcc,
jiiFt Received and for sale CHEAPER than at any other
estaulihumeni m lown, iv
P. P. FUSSELMAN & CO.
Jan. 24. 1SS0.
The highest prior pnid for yood Paper Raps.
Harsh man's Flour.
THEWtartirle of
SUPERFINE FLOUR,
the Fremont market. This Flour is manufacturedfrom
Superior Southern "WTiite Wheat,
nd will oe
WARRANTED TO EVERT PURCHASER.
be had at the Railroad Depot of
S. Z. CULVER.
Fremont, Ohio. 4Ctf
11VAPORATOKS and Cooler, for Aslierie.. for Kale
Pi cheap, bj P. P. FUSSELMAN 4 CO
BY EXPRESS!
Days from New York! !
.New fepnng Goods!
Have just leen received at the Store qfl
A. GUSDORF.
New and beautiful patterns for tho Ladies !
BONNETS, SILA'S. RIBBONS, dc.
Ai'D THEY ARE BEING RECEIVED EVERY DAY!!!!
Call and examine tUem !
Fremont, April 17, lMt
j
Poetry.
American National Song of Liberty.
Ilarkt to arms! the trumpet's breath
Tells of I.iU'rtyl Lilierty or death;
O'ereaeh sunny plain and hill
Wskes the startlinp measure still
Who that loves bis native land!
Shuns the fipht at heav'n's command?
Gather to the rescue then,
"When the cry U heard airainl
Hark! to arms! the trumpet's breath,
Tells of Libert j I Lilierty or death!
Round! sound afrsin, the welcome Wast,
Comes when1 Freedom? s (ires shall Last,
I).-ar to valor Ik' the litrbt,
Yt surviving slvr''s nipht:
Ptill In- se-'ii Cohimhia's stir.
O'er the waves, oer the wild waves wandring far,
Nver, on our native shore,
Tyrants wake the war-cry more:
Hark! to anna! the tmniets breath
Tells of Liberty ! Libert; or death!
DECLARATION
OF
INDEPENDENCE.
IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.
A Declaration by the Representatives of
the United States, in Congress assembled.
AVlien, in tlio course of human events it
becomes necessary for one people to dissolve
the political bands which have connected
them with another, and to assume among
the powers of tho earth the seperate and
equal station to which the laws of nature
and of nature's God entitle them, a decent
respect for the opinions of mankind require-:
that they should declare the causes which
impel them to the seperation.
AVo hold these truths to be self-evident:
that all men are created equal ; that they
arc endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights; that among these are
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness;
that, to secure these righLs, governments are
instituted among men, deriving their just
powers from the consent of the governed ;
that whenever any form of government be
comes destructive to these ends it is the
right of the people to alt-r or to abolish it,
and to institute a new government, laying its
foundation on such principles, and orr;iiiz
inrj its pow ers in such fc mi, as to them shall
seem most likely to effect their safety and
happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate
that governments long established should
not lie changed for light and transient
causes and accordingly all experience hath
shown that mankind are more disposed to
suffer, while evils are sutternble, than to
right themselves by abolishing the forms to
w hich they are accustomed. Hut w hen a
long train of abuses and usurpations, pursu
ing invariably the same obj- ct, evinces a
design to reduce them under absolute des
pot sin, it is their right, it is their duty, to
throw oil' such government, and to provide
new guard-; for their future security. Such
has been the patient sufferance of these col
onics; and such is now the necessity which
constrains them to alter their former system
of government. The hi.-torv of the present
King of Great Britain is a history of repeat
ed injuries and usurpations, nil having in
direct object the establishment of an abso
lute tyrranv over these states. To prove
this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
lie has refused his assent to laws the
most wholesome and necessary for the pub
lic good.
He has forbidden his governors to pass
laws of immediate and pressing importance,
unless suspended in their operation till his
assent should be obtained; and, when
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend
to them.
He has refused to pass other laws for the
accommodation of largo districts of people,
unless those people would relinquish the
right of representation in the legislature
aright inestimable to them, and formidable
to tvrnnts only.
He has called together legislative bodies
at places unusual, uncomfortable, and dis
tant from the dciositorv of their public re
cords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them ;
into compliance witli Ins measures.
He has dissolved representative houses
repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firm-
ness, his invasions on the rights of the pco-
1'b".
lie has refused, for a long time after such
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected;
w herebv the legislative powers incapable of
annihilation, have returned to the people at
large for their excricise ; the state remaining,
in the meantime, exposed to all the danger
of invasion from w ithout and convulsions
within.
He has endeavored to prevent the popu
lation of these states ; for that purposo ob
structing the laws for naturalization of for
eigners, refusing to pass ol hers to encourage
their migration hither, and raising the con
ditions of new appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the administration f j
lustice, bv refusing his assent to laws fores
tablishing judiciary powers.
Ho has made judges dependent on his
will alone for the tenure of their offices and
the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offic
es, and senthither swarms of officers, to ,.arrass
our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace,
standing armies without the consent of our
legislatures.
He has affected to render the military
independent of and superior to the civil
power.
He has combined with others to subject
us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitu
tion and unacknowledged by our laws; giv
ing his assent to their acts of pretended leg
islation, For quartering largo bodies of armed
troops' among us:
For protecting thefri, by a mock trial,
from punishment for any murders which
they should commit on tho inhabitants of
these states:
For cutting off our trado with all parU of
the world :
For imposing taxes on us without our
consent :
For depriving us in many cases, of the
benefits of trial by jury :
I or transporting us beyond seas, to be
tried for pretended offences :
ror abolishing the tree system of English
law in a neighboring province, establishing
therein an arbitrary government, and en
larging its boundaries so as to render it at
once an example and fit instrument for in-
i
j
j
troducing the samo absolute rule into these
colonies:
For taking away our charters, abolishing
our most valuable laws, and altering funda
mentally tho forms of our government:
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power to
legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
lie has abdicated government here by
declaring us out of his protection, and wag
ing war against us.
Ho has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the
lives of our people.
lie is at this time transporting largo
armies of foreign mercenaries, to complete
the works of death, desolation and tyranny,
already begun, with circumstances of cruel
ty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the
mo,t barbarous ages, and totally unworthy
the head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow-citizens !
taken captive on the high seas to bear arms
against their country, to become the execu
tioners of their friends and brethren, or to
fall them -selves by their hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections
among-t us, and has endeavored to bring on
the inhabitants of our frontiers the merci-
less Indian savages, whose known rule of
warfare i
an undistinguished destruction of ,
all ages sexes a'"- conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions we
have petitioned f r redress in the most hum
ble terms; our petitions have been answer
ed only by repeated injury. A prince whoso
character is thus marked by every act which
may define a trant is unfit to be the ruler
of a free people. '
Nor have wc been wanting in attention
to our British brethren. We have warned
them, from time to time, of attempts made
by their legislature to extend an unwarrant
able jurisd.ction over us. AVe have remind
ed them of the circumstances of our emigra
tion and settlement here. AVe have appeal
ed to their native justice and magnanimity,
and we have coniuted them, by the ties ofl
our common kindred, to disavow these
u urpations which would inevitably inter
rupt our connections and correspondence.
Thev, too, have been deaf to the voice of i
j i tico and consanguinity. We must there
fore acquiesce in the necessity which de
n iuni ei our separation, and hold them, as
we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in
war in pence, friends.
We, therefore, the representatives of the
United States of America, in General Con
gress ass -mbled, appealing to the Supreme
Judge of the world for the rectitude of our
intentions do, in the name and by the au
thority of the good people of these colonies
solemnly puoiisu aim declare, inai incse
Liiueu colonies are, ami ot ngtit ougntto
be, free and independent states; that they
rre absolved from all allegiance to tho Brit
ish crown, and that all political connection
between them and tho state of Great Brit
ain is and ought to be, totally dissolved;
and that, as free and independent states,
tlry have full power to levy war, conclude
peace, contract alliances establish commerce,
and do all other acts and things which in
dependent states may of right do. And for
the support of this declaration, whh a firm
reliance on the protection of Divine Provi
dence, we mutually pledge to each other
our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.
Signed by order and in behalf of the
Congress.
,
JOHN HANCOCK, President.
Attested, CHARLES THOMPSON, Secretary.
;
f j
new Hampshire. George Tavlor,
.Tosiah Bartlett, James AVilson,
William AA'hipple, George Ross.
Matthew Thornton. Delaware.
Massachusetts bay. C:pir Rodney,
Samuel Adams, George Read,
John Adams, Thomas M'Kean.
Robert Treat Paine, Maryland.
fcllirnlge Uerry.
Samuel Chase,
William Paca,
Thomas Stone,
RIIOOE ISLAND, (KC.
'teiihen Hopkins,
William Kll-rv
Charles Carroll, ofl
i Connecticut.
r,1cr,,r Sherman
j Sitmno Huntington
j William Williams,
Oii-er Woleott
Carollton.
viroinia.
George Wythe,
Richard Henry Lee,
Thomas Jefferson,
Benjamin Harrison,
Thomas Nelson, Jr
NEW YORK.
AVilliam Floyd,
Phillip Livingston,
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris.
NEW JERSEY.
Richard St-x-kton,
John Witherspoon,
Francis Hopkinsoii,
John Hart,
Abraham Clark.
PENNSYLVANIA.
Francis Lightfoot Lee,
Carter Braxton.
NORTH CAROLINA.
William Hooper,
Joseph Hewes,
John Penn.
SOCTH CAROLINA,
Edward Rntledge,
Thomas Heyward, Jr.,
Thomas Linch, Jr.,
Arthur Middleton.
GEORGIA.
Button Gwinnett,
Lyman Hall,
George AATalt6n.
Pu ibc-rt Morris
3(.njamin Rush,
Benjamin Franklin,
John Morton,
George Clytner,
James Smith,
From the Sandusky Register.
A LYRIC FOR THE TIMES.
M Vengeance w mine, 1 will repay, eaith the Lord."
He in! ye tint fenrftil wai!, my brothers?
Ilcnni ye those fn-enn-n uluii-k?
Lit to the hurryitne pile, mothers!
For it srtvj'S from the iUH eiieek
Ami the l.!onii-r.t:iim-l vestments if brother and son!
An! it hears on i:s pillions the sou-id of tiie imn
r'rem the red jihiins of Kansas! The lirst brittle is won
B- Freedom'..; nss-issins! and low on tiie plain
Lie ynnr brothers and fathers, and sons that are ftlain
Hv the mini' n of llociius baee elace of a elace!
Who, sented in power, digs LUiert) 'e grave!
"Itlusli ye in shame, my brothers!
lli-ep erimson be your rheeks!
Wear ye the darkened veil, mothers!
( 'Tis our Wasiu.votov that speaks !)
"Oh! had 1 but dreamed, ere I passed from the earth.
Tbnt my own native bind, ivhieh to Fkkkhom gave birth
('Vital priceless behest to the pioneer's hearth-')
Oh! had ! but known that mv eountry ronld breed
Such a traitorous wretch as false fate hath deerecd
To rule over your nation for this damning honrl
A foul and a madman! unfitted fur power!
I'd have wept fur mv eountrr, have blushed former fame,
And prayed that oblivion might rest on my name!
But arouse you still, my brothers!
t;ird on the sword and shield!
Nor longer wear the veil, mothers,
Ettr that traitor's doom is sealed.'
Heaven's legion's bear witness to vour long tried worth
Jnendurin'r! yawrise! titreepthe horde from your hearth.'
Ana uneainc noi your SKorau-atlc a slave oreaines on earth;
And deal to vour traitor some punishment fell.
To foreshadow the torments that shall Pierce him in Hell!
Impeach htm,' Impeach Him!! Let the scorn of the world
No lonirerat "ARvoLn the traitor,' be hurled!
This page in vour historv now darkening fast.
Marks that biachest of traitors, Amkrica's last!!
Arouse ye, my brothers! kindle Liberty's fires.
And prove yourselves worthy the blood of your sires!"
Such sura is the warning from Washington's grave!
Who would turn "the deaf Ac for a slave!
of
SANDUSKY, May 27, 1856. L. H. K.
Wisdom is the handmaid of Virtue the
creator ana soul ot nappincss.
TRIBUTE TO COL. FREMONT.
Who Acquired California?—The Work of
"Nothing but a Surveyor"
The Pro- Slavery organs throughout the
North are fond of Saying that Col. Fre
mont, is "a rash voung man," ''has done
nothing," "is nothing but a rambling sur
veyor." Road the following "official re
port" of what tho "young surveyor" did,
and then try and think of anything equally
meritous ever done by Mr. Buchanan.
From annual report the Secretary of War. December
1846.
Secretary Marcy's Opinion of Col. Fremont.
[Extract.]
War Department, Dec. 1, '46.
In May, 1845, John C. Fremont, then a
brevet captain in tho corpse of Topograph
ical Engineers, mid since appointed lieuten
ant colonel, left here under orders from this
department to pursue his explorations in the
regions beyond tho Itocky Mountains. The
objects of their service were, as those of
his previous explorations had been, of a
scientific character, without anv view what-
ever 10 mi"t;l7 operations. Aot an pmcer
or sollll(,r of the United States army ac-
companied him; and his wholo force coj-
sisted of sixty-two men employed by him
self for security against Indians and for
procuring subsistence in the wilderness and
deserted country through which ho was
to pass.
One of tho objects ho had in view was to
discover a new and shorter route from the
western baso of tho Rocky Mountains to
the mouth of the Columbia river. This
search, for a part of the distance, would
carry him through tho unsettled, and af
terwards through" a corner of tho settled
parts of California. Ho approached these
settlements in tho winter of 1845 6.
Aware of tho critical state of affairs be
tween the United States and Mexico, de
termined to give no cause of offenco to the
authorities of tie province, with commend
able prudence, ho halted his command on
the frontier, one hundred miles from Mon
terey, and proceeded along to that city to
explain the object of his coming to
the commandant general Castro, and to ob
tain permission to go to the valley of the
San Joaquin, where there was game for his
men and grass for his horses and no inhab
itants bo molested by his presence. The
leave was granted ; but scarcely had ho
reached the desired spot for refreshment
and repose, before he received information
from the American settlements, and by ex
press from onr consul at Monterey, that
Gen. Castro was preparing to attack him
with a comparatively large force of artillery,
cavalry, and infantry, upon the pretext that,
under the cover of a scientific mission, he
was exciting the American cozens to revolt,
In view of this clanger and to be m a con-
chtion to repel an attack, he then took a
. . . . . .
position on a mountain, at a distance of
about thirty miles entrenched it, raised the
flag of the United States and with his own
men, sixty-two in number, awaited the ap
proach of the commandant general.
From the 7th to tho 10th of March, Col.
Fremont and his little band maintained
this position. Gen Castro did not approach
within attacking distance, and Col. Fre
mont, adhering to his plan of avoiding all
collisions and determined neither to com
promit his government nor tho American
settlers ready to join hira at all hazards if
he had been attacked, abandoned his posi
tion and commenced his march for Oregon,
intending by that route to return to the
United States. Deeming all danger from
the Mexicans to be passed, he yielded to
the wishes of some of his men who desired
to remain in tho country and discharged
them from his service, and refused to "re
ceive others in their stead, so cautious was
he to avoid doing anything to compromit
the American settlers or give even a color
of offenso to Mexican authorities. He pur
sued ins marcli slowly anil leisurlv, as the
state of his men and his horses required,
until the middle of May, and had reached
tho northern shore of the great Tlamath
lake, within the limits of tho Oregon Ter
ritory, when he found his future progress in
that direction obstructed by impassable
snowy mountains and hostile Indians who
had been excited against him by Gen. Cas
tro, had killed and wounded four of his
men, and left him no reposo eitherin camp
or on his march. At the same time infor
mation reached him that Gen. Castro, in ad
dition to his Indian allies, was advancing
in person against him, with artillery and
cavalry, at the head of four or five hundred
men; and that they were passing around
head of the Bay of San Francisco to a rez
dezvous on tho mirth side of it, and that
the American settlers in the valley of the
Sacramento were comprehended in tho
schemes of destruction meditated against
his own party.
Under these circumstances, ho determin
to turn iion his Mexican pursuers and
seek safety both for his own party and the
American settlers, not merely in the defeat
of Castro, but in the total overthrow of the
Mexican authority in California, and the
establishment of an independent govern
ment in that extensive department. It was
on tho Cth of June, and before the com
mencement of tho war between tho United
States and Mexico could havo been there
known, that this resolution was taken ; and
by the Cth of July it was carried into ef
fect by a series of rapid attacks by a small
body of adventurous men, under tho con
duct of an inteipid leader, quick to pre
ceivo and able to direct the proper meas
ures for accomplishing such a dariug enter
prise, j
(Jnthe 11th of Juno a convoy of 200
horses for Castro's camp, with an officer and
14 men, wero surprised and captured by 12
Fremont's party. On tho 15th, at day
break, tho millitary post of Sonoma was
also surprised and taken, with nine brass
cannon, 250 stand of muskets and several
officers and some men and munition of war.
Leaving a small garrison at Sonoma, Col.
Frcmout went to tho Sacramento to rouso
tho American settlers; but scarcely bad he
arrived there, when an express reached him
the garrison at Sonoma, with informa
tion that Castro s wholo force was crossing
tho bay to attack that place. This intclli-
gence was received in tho afternoon of the
23d of Juno, while he was on the Ameri-
can fork of the Sacramento, 80 miles from I
tho garrison at Sonoma; and at 12 'oclocki
on tho morning of the 25th, he arrived all
that place with 90 riflemen from the Amer-'
ican settlers in tlf.t valley Tho rlic,nv
had not yet appeared. Scouts wero sent
out to reconnoitre, and a narty of 20 fell in
a squadron of 70 dragoon's (all of Castro's
forco had crossed the bay.) attacked and dc-1
feated. killing and ,lm, ( :.i..
harm to themselves; the Mexican'comman-1
ler, Do la Torre, barely escaninT with the
the loss of his transport boats an! nine
pieces ot brass artillery, spiked.
The country north of tho Bay of San
Francisco being cleared of the enemy Col.
Fremont returned to Sonoma on the eve
ning of the 4 th of July, and on the morn
ing of tho 5th, called the people together,
explained to them the condition of "things,
in the province, and recommended an im
mediate declaration of independence. The
declaration wa3 made and he was selected
to take the chief direction -of affairs
Tho attack on C-istro was the next object.
Ho was at Santa C!ar4, an entrenched post
on the upper or south side of tho Bav of
San Francisco, with 400 men and two pieces
of field artillery. A circuit of more than a
hundred miles must bo traversed to rp.oeb 1
him. On the Cth of July the pursuit com-1
lueucuu, uy a oouy o luo mounted rifle
men commanded by Col. Fremont in per
son, who, iu three days, arrived at the
American settlements on tho Rio do tas
Americanos. Here ho learnt that Castro
had abandoned Santa Clara, and was re
treating south towards Ciudad de los An-
gelos the city of tho Angels, tho seat of
ino governor General of the California.-,
and distant 400 miles. It was instantly re
solved on to pursue to that place. At the
moment of departure, the gratifying intelli
gence was received that war with Mexico
had commenced ; that Monterey had been
taken by our naval force, and tho fla of the
L nited btatcs there raised on the 7th of
July, and that tho fleet would co-operate to
the pursuit of Castro and his forces. The
nag of independence was hauled down and
that of the United States hoisted, amidst
tiie hearty greetings and to tho great joy of
me American settlers and tlio torees under
tho command of Col. Fremont
The cimbinid pursuit was rap'dly contin
ued; and on the 12th of August, Col. Fre
mont, with a detachment of Marines from
tho squadron and some riflemen, entered the
city of Angels without resistance or objec
tion ; the Governor General Pico, tho Com
mandant General, Castro, and the Mexican
authorities having fled or dispelled. Com
modore Stockton took possession of the
whole country as a conouost of tho United
1 .m..-.o, iiuu airuuniurii im rri'mniir I r,-
i estates and appointed
-! .1 T .
j crnor, umIcr & aw of &
tUc futJ,tion5 pf ,fc t offi h fc
! rcturn to tLo souatironW UU
Thus in the short space of sixty days
uuia uiu nrsi decisive movement, tins con
quest was achieved, by a small body of
men, to an extent beyond their own expec
tation; for tho Mexican authorities pro
claimed it a conquest not merely of the
northern part, but of tho whole province of
me anioruias.
Tho Commandant General, Castro, on
tho 9th of August, from, his camp at the
Measa, and next day "on the road to Sono
ra," announced this'result to the people, to
gether with the actual flight and dispersion
of the former authorities; and at tho same
time, he officially communicated the fact of
tno conquest to tho trench, English and
Spanish Consuls in California ; and,"to crown
the whole, the official paper of the Mexican
government, on the 16 th of October, in lav-
tng these official communications before the
public, introduced them with tho emphatic
declaration, "Tho loss of the Californias is
consummated." Tho whole province was
yie lded up to tho United States and is now
in our military occupancy. A small part
oi mo troops sent out to subject this prov
ince will constitute, it is presumed, a suffi
cient force to retain our possession, and the
remainder will be disposable for other ob
jects oi tne war.
W. L. MARCY.
TO PRESIDENT OF THE U. STATES.
A Hard Load to Carry.
James Buchanan, who pnts himself square
upon tho platform made at Cincinnati ; on
tho 11th April. 1826, spoke thus:
" Permit me here, Mr. Chairman, for t moment to speak
npon a subject, to which I have never before adverted up
on this floor, and to which, I trust, I roav never airain have
orcnsion to ndrert. I mean the mWect of Slarerv. I
BKLIEVE IT TO BR A GREAT POLITICAL, AN'D A
MSRAT MORAL EVIL. I THAXTt COD. MY LOT H AS
ISKK.V CAST IX A STATE WHERE IT DOES NOT
KXiST. ... it HAS BKRV A CTRSR
KN TAILED UPON- FS BT THAT N.VTION WHICH
M VKFS IT A St-RJECTOF REPROACH TO OCR IX
STITCTIONS." See Ciales Seaton'B Register of De
bates, page 2,130, vol. 2, part 2.
The above speech was mado in the
House of Representatives, eleven years after
his 4th of July oration, (part of which will
be found in tho Jocrkal to-day) and sii
years after his famous Lancaster anti-Slavery
resolutions ! "Will "Old Buck" as they
familiarly call him, put in the plea of "in
fancy" to this charge, as ho does to the
charge of Federalism ? Will the Richmond
Enquirer and tho ultra democrats south de
fend this speech in connection with tho rest
of Mr. Buchanan's antecedents. AYe read
from that Journal tho following :
" was xot Mr. Buchanan's Fault that HT5 DID TfOT
assist in the repeal of the Missouri restriction, ff it had
been in his power to participate in the struggle, everybody
KNOWS THAT HE WOl'LD HAVE ESPOCSED THE
IN TERESTS OF THE SOUTH. Absent at tht moment tn
the service of the government, he lost no time after his re
turn to the country in confirming the settlement effected by
the repeal of the Missouri restriction, with ell the author
ity of his wise statesmanship and illustrious character,
Instead of accusing his misfortune, we should applaud the
zeal with which he repairs the omissions of accident."
And again
" We rejoice that the (Treat issue in the canvass win
TURN ON THIS DOCTRINE, because it wiU force tlie
South into defending Slavery oa principle.
Democrats of Sandusky county, how docs
this road sido by sido with Mr. Buchanan's
speech of 1826.
Three things are unwise to boast of the
flavor of thy ale, the beauty of thy daugh-1
tor, and tho contents of thy purse,
AN ORATION,
DELIVERED BEFORE THE WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF LANCASTER,
ON THE 4TH OF JULY, 1815.
BY JAMES BUCHANAN, ESQ
(CONTINUED FROM LAST WEEK.)
SAYS THE DEMOCRACY ARE NOT THE DISCIPLES
OF WASHINGTON.
What must bo our opinion of an opposi.-
tion, unose patstom were go dark and ma
lignant as to bo gratified in endeavoring to
blast the character and embitter theoldagj
of Washington! After thus persecuting
the saviorof Ids conrjtry, horn ran the Demo
cratic var'f dare to call tAertselves hi dis- f
ciples. :
But no opposition could devert the stcadjr
soul of Washington from his purpose. - Ha
bad d,SC3teJ a sJ'stera of V'hcJ whlch . L
stea,llly punned, amid the storms f faction,
Hh successors in office for the most parS
walked m 1x13 xl- ' continue t
Peace f nation miist be ready for ww, wth
a. maxim bJ w the Fekirf iDirtifc
'was wero constantly directed. L nder their
uh creJa was well
' e''J. M tlie IBCaDS of PcaM d,,
:fcn'
1,10 duU of iho reVwulJ1M17 war WM
: funded, and moderate taxes were imposed.
A ? w?f built.f?r tbf, Prote:tion of ?
tncrco. m e consiuer au nations equally in
war, a3 enemies, in peace as friends; and
therefore a strict neutrality towards all waa
preserved. It would be impossible to en
merato every wise measure of the Washr
ingtonian administrations; suffice it to say,
that during their continuance, tho prosperi
ty of this country was unexampelcd in th
annaliof time. The dreams of fancy wero
aline st realized. Cities rose up as if by
magic throughout our country and wealth
dowjd in upon u-sfro.n all nil ions.- The wil
derness yieldeed to tho hand of agricuW
ture, and fields loaded with the richest har
vests covered those gloomy fbresU where
wild beasts but a few years before, had used
tornm. Happy, indeed, wero those pco
pie, had they bit known their owd happi-.
ness. Notwithstanding their prosperity.
tactl0D
still continued to rags and to urn
crease, -
WHAT THE DEMOCRACY WOULD DO FOR
POWER.
The possession nf potter teal theendof
opposition, about the means they were re
gardless. Their leaders pretended to tcn-
ler solicitude for the welfare of tho people.
Their voices were loud in favor of public
economy, and against a navy, an army and
taxes. Although France had wantonly cap
tured a number of our vessels without cause,
had actually demanded tribute from us and
bad threatened our Venice, if it were not
paid ; although she had twice refused to rec
ognize our ministers, who went supplicating
for peace, they were opposed to raising an
army or a navy for our defense.
After an army had been raised, not
withstanding ic was commanded by AVash
ington, and destined to act against a foreign,
enemy, they loudly expressed their appre
hension, that it was intended to destroy our
republican form of government and substi
tute monarchy in its stead. The taxes,
necessary for its support, afforded them a
fresh theme of declamation. By ' means
such as these, they succeeded so well in
their endeavors that they at length became
the majority of the nation, aud got its des
tinies placed in their hands. How they
have used their power it will be my endeav
or to show.
WHAT THE DEMOCRACY HAD DONE.
They began with the destruction of the
Nwy. It had boon supposed by the fede
ral administrations that a navy was our
best defence. From tho locality of our
country, and from the nature of such a
force, they know that it would be peculiarly
calculated to protect our shores from foreign
invasions and to make us respected by tho
nations of the world ; without, like a stand
ing army, endangering our liberties. It
was also foreseen by them, that, without a
navy, our commerce would be exposed, as a
rich temptation to the avarice of all nations;
and, in consequence of our weakness, we.
would be subjected to constant insults and
injuries upon the ocean, without the power
of resistance. It had, therefore, been their
policy, gradually to erect a navy, and they
had built a great number of vessels at the
time when the first democratic administra
tion came iuto power.
At that moment 'the scene changed.
They had promised tho people an exemp
tion from tixes, and unless they could per
form their popularity was in danger. They
did not hesitate what course to pursue.
They immediately sold our national ships,
they disarmed the country, left commerce
unprotected and invited insult and injustice
from abroad, that they might not be under
the necessity of imposing a trifling tax, and
thereby injuring their popularity at home.
Thauks bo to Providence, the delusion
upon this subject has vanished, and
their conduct now appears in its proper
light before the public The little remnant
of that navy , which had been fondly cher
ished by v ashiagton and his adherents, but
which w as despised by the patriots of tho
present day, has risen triumphant above its
enemies at home, and has made the proud
mistress ot too ocean tremble, ine peo
ple are now convinced that a navy is their
best defense. ,
HE ACCUSES THE DEMOCRACY OF ATTEMPTING
TO DESTROY OUR COMMERCE.
The Democratic Administration next de
clared war against Commerce. They were
not satisfied with depriving it of the pro
tection of a navy, but they acted as though
they had determined upon its annihilation.
At a time when the nations of .iurope
wero convulsed by dreadful wars, the Uni
ted States being neutral and when, in con
sequence thereof, all our native productions .
were in greatest demand, ana trie carryincr
trade presented to our merchants a rich '
harvest in every quarter of tho globe, they '
shut up our ports by embargoes and non
importation laws.
By these means, the streams of wealth.
which were flowing into our national treas
ury aud into our country, from the thous
and fountains of commerce, were suddenly
dried up. These acts of parricide gave an
instantaneous and a dreadful blow to our
prosperity. The voice of business was no
longer heard in our cities. The stillness of
death prevaded every street. Dejection
and despair sat upon each man's count- "
nance. The newspapers of the day, instead
of being filled with arrivals from abroad,
and sales of merchandise, teemed with
bankruptcies. And our ships were laid op
to rot, as mclancnoly monuments of the
weak and wicked policy of our govern
ment. AVho that has witnessed these things.
cannot observe the hand of the Corsican
despot, like that dreadful hand upon the
wall of the Babalonish monarch, writing
our destruction. AVho can avoid believing
that Ronnnnrti! ffiw tho aon reft ctf thU rvilieir
nd that this was intended to operate in
Jnnison with hii coct'ncntal system. It

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