Newspaper Page Text
tnigbt perhaps bo unwarranted to assert
that our administration wore actually cor
rupted by France ; but that their politics
wore biassed by a warm and improper par
tiality for that country, there cau be no
HE ACKNOWLEDGES THAT HIS TONGUE CANNOT
PORTRAY CORRUPTIONS OF THE
TIME WILL NOT ALLOW ME TO
ENUMERATE ALLthr OTHER WILD
AND WICKED PROJECTS OF THE
Suffice to say, that after they had deprived
U3 of the means of defence, by destroying
mir nvv and disbanding our array '. after
they had taken away from us the power of
recruiting them, by refusing the IBank of
the United States a continuation 01 lis
charter, and harrassing the financial concerns
of the Government, and withdrawing the
only universal paper medium of the country
from circulation ; after the people had be
come unaccustomed to, and, of course, un
willing to bear taxation; and without mon
ey in the Treasury, they rashly plunged in
to a war with a nation more able to do us
injury than any other in the world. What
was the dreadful necessity for this despe
rate measure f Ws our country invaded ?
No. Were our liberties in danger! No.
Was it to protect our littlo remaining com
merce from the injuries sustained by the
orders in command ? No. Commerce was
not such a favorite, and the merchants wish
ed for no war on that account.
To be continued next week.
Late from California.
New York, June 28.
The steamer Illinois arrived this morning
with $2,270,000 in specie and 950 passen
gers. She connected at the Isthmus with
the Golden Age, which, brought down $2,
658,000. The papers are fillod with matter relative
to the revolution in San Francisco. Casey
and Cora were hung by the Vigilance Com
mittee, at tho same time the funeral rites of
Mr. King was being performed. The place
of execution was surrounded by 2,000 bayo
nets. Judge McGowan, formerly Sheriff of Po
lice in Philadelphia, had been indicted by
the Grand Jury as an accessory to the mur
der of King.
Tho Vigilance Committee had arrested
several ballot box stutfrrs and desperadoes.
The Committee had a'a obtained posses
sion of a fraudulent ballot-box of ingenious
construction, which was used at tho last mu
The most astounding election frauds have
On Juno 2d, the opponents of the Vigil
ance Committee held a mass meeting on
the Plaza, first warning on printed pla
cards tho friends of the Committee not to
enter tho Plaza during tho meeting. The
announcement of this was to show tho real
strength of the law and order party. There
. were about 2,000 present. No violence re
sulted but much confusion. Resolutions
were passed, calling on the people to resist
the Vigilance Committee.
Judge Terry of tho Supreme Court, had
issued a habeas corpus demanding the pris
oners from the hands of the Committee.
The writ was resisted. On tho 3d the
Government issued a proclamation declaring
tho country in an insurrection, authorizing
the Major-General of the 2d Division of
the State Militia to raise an army to pre
serve order. This action did not alarm tho
Committee for they have 5,000 men equip
ped and ready for immediate use, being
thoroughly organized and in constant drill,
for two weeks, under competent officers.
Men, money and munitions of war, from all
parts of the, State are at their command,
and it is confidently believed tho Governor's
efforts will amount to nothing. Volunteer
companies, at San Francisco and Sacra
mento, have disbanded to avoid being called
by the Governer. It is rumored 1 200 men
had enrolled themselves under the Governor.
No collision was anticipated.
Nicholas Graham, a murderer,, was hung
May 31st, by tho authorities of San Fran
cisco outside of tho walk of the jail. The
event caused no excitement.
A petition, unanimously signed, is in cir
culation, asking the governor to call an ex
tra session of the Legislature.
Tho Vigilance Committee, in a card, deny
having anything to do with tho petition.
Tho San Francisco Herald, tho only paper
which opposed the Committee, puts a dif
ferent coloring upon the affkir, and says the
Governer's proclamation is eagerly respond
ed to and citizens are pressing forward to
enroll themselves under the authorities, and
that, on Juno 4th, 1500 were enrolled, and
that, by Saturday, 10,000 men would be
under arms on the sido of law and order. .
' Three distinct divisions of militia were
ordered out, and many new compauies of
volunteers were forming.
Mr. Corwine, U. S. Commissioner to in
quire into the Panama riots, was at his post,
bus? in tho investigation.
The Stir says the testimony, so far col
lected, affords overwhelming proof of the
brutality and unprovoked attacked on the
passengers and of the compliey therein of
the police and authorities. The Governor,
it says had refused to co-operate with Mr.
Corwine, or to recognize his authority until
ho had received orders from Bogota.
This Country "in Luck!"
New York, June 27.
The Paris correspondent of tho Commer
cial Advertiser says tho United States drew
prizes at the great Agricultural Exhibition
on every article that was presented for se
rious competition, numbering five articles.
The Buffalo Threshing Machine drew a first
medal, and wa3 sold to the Empercr for
2,200 francs. Mining's Reaping Machine
drew a first class medal. McConnick's Reap
r, worked by Frenchmen, drew a second
New York, June 27.
Tho North American National Executive
Committee request Americans every where,
to hold aloof from all ratifications, for a few
days, when, they expect all will" be made
satisfactory for a union upon principles
which shall require m sacrifices, which
American patriots would not most freely
make for Union and victory.
Threatning from Kansas.
New York, July 1.
A letter in tho Tiinss. diit-.-d Luwrclice,
Juno 26th, says: TIm Southern forces are
gathering at Lecompton, TVciimsHi, H:g
Srvrinrr nl other tilru-ej. iu Ian.' nmii'x'rs.
, ' f ' r-
' and they are laying in a l:irg- st'H-k of pro
visions in order to make tin; "Long and
Strong Pull," on the 4th f July. No aid
is yet received from the States. There
must be a great battle at Toj ka.
Col Sumner threatens to go home to the
' Fort and abandon his work if tho Legisla
ture meets; and they will as sure os God."
For President John C. Fremont.
At the present writing there is no doubt
that the National Republican Convention at
Philadelphia, has vnanimously nominated
Col. JOHN C. FREMONT, as tho Repub
lican candidate for the President of tho Uni
ted States. For somo days past tho signs
of the times very clearly pointed to him as j
the man, upon whom tho mighty hosts of j
freemen and friends of freedom and free
Territory, would unite and rally in the great!
struggle that is now before us. His devo
tion to our cause has been tested in Califor-
nia, and more specially since tho giant
crime ot tueago tlievopoalot tha DomjDinsj
and tho infamous attempts of tho Calhoun
Nullifiers and disunionists to force slavery
upon the Territory and people of Kansas.
His well known resolution, energy, iron will,
and great administrative talent havo been
displayed to tho admiration of tho world
in his perilous and daring exploration of
tue various routes over tno ttocky .Mountains
to tho Pacific, Every child in the land
has heard and read of his exploits, his dar
ing and his sufferings. Ho has for the last
fifteen years, in every place and circumstance,
demonstrated that ho has indomitable cner
gv, courage, resourscs, and administrative
talents of the hindiest order. Ho has more
of romance about his career than that of
any other live American. Ho has just tho
qualities that aro wanted for - tho present
cricis, aud tho American people, with a true
instinct, iu their present condition, have
turned to him, and have chosen him as their
leader. The selection is ono eminent
ly fit to bo made, and will bo hailed with
demonstrations of rejoicings all over the
land. Wc throw the flarr to the breeze
with tho name of FREMONT inscribed
thereon. It will be a tower of strength in
Ohio, and will bring to our standard a host
that will bear that flag to a victory which
will only bo equaled by our splendid tri
umphs of the last two years. O.S. Journal.
The Next Vice President.
William L. Dayton was born in the coun
ty of Somerset, New Jersey, on tho 17th of
February, 1807. His ancestors moved to
New Jersey in 1725. On both tho father
and mother's s'de they bore honorable parts
in the revolutionary struggle. Ho gradua
ted at Nassau Hall iu the class of 1S25, and
was admitted to the bar in 1830. At tho
ago of 30 he was elected to the upper House
of the New Jersey Legislature, where he
distinguished himself by the introduction of
legal reforms which were of great value.
At tho close of the session ho was elected
to the Supremo Court of the State, and was
by much the youngest, yet ono of the most
eminent of tlio Judges on the bench. He
remained there for three years, when ho re
signed, and returned to tho practice of tho
In 1842, Senator Southard died, when
Gov. Pennington appointed Judgo Dayton
to fill the vacancy. Tho following winter
ho was elected to fill out the term. In 1 845
he was re-elected for tho full terra of six
years, he was only 35 years of ago when he
entered the Senate Chamber, and was the
youngest Senator. Ho took rank among
the ablest and souudest of that distinguished
lie was ever a Whig, and a sympathizer
with tho North in opposition to Slavery
extension. He often declared his belief
that Congyss had tho power to prohibit
Slavery iiShe Territories, and his opinion
that it should be exercised. In 1851 ho
was superceded by tho success of tho Loco-
foeo party of that Stato and for tho last five
years, lias been in private life.
Ho is now 49 years of age. Ho has the
talents and experience necessary to make
him an accomplished presiding officer of the
Senate of the United States. His location
is favorable, aud we doubt not that ho is
destined to bo tho next Vico President of
tho United States. O. S. Journal.
Concerning the Chicago Company.
Chicago, June 30.
T V T, C, ha
UV us at amt. . '7 V"
West report tho following Concerning the
. . 1 .. . x. rr
UtlieagO Company OI emigrants lO iVaills.
At Trf'vmrrton tour Pieces ot cannon, loaded
ami primed On Shore, three more 011 a Steam
ferry boat, in a position to sink the stoaraer
at fir.it fire. Captain LentS Own faniilv, On
.... " ...
shore, entreated the emigrants to ffivo ur
their arm ; which done, at six o'clock tho
next morning the company proceeded, peace
ably, to Kan-as City, where 100 Southern
ers "came on board, armed with muskets and
bavonct-!, commanded by Jones, Strinfel
low and Atchison, and took possession of
the lower deck, surrounding the gangway
and refused to allow any one to go below on
pain of death. Having arrived at Leaven
worth,200 ruffians surrounded it. Atchison
told the emigrants that they would not al
low them to land at any point above Lex
ington. If they would return to Alton ho
pledged his honor that their arms should
be returned to them on the termination of
hostilities. The emigrants took an inven
tory and found only 15 rifles and pistols in
their possession, and concluded resistance
was useless; and returned isatuniay "'gut.
They were put ashore four miles below Al
ton tho Captain protending fear of vic-j
lenee if ho stopped there. The company
will proceed to tho Territory, immediately, j
via Iowa City. j
The company from Worcester, Mass., ar
rived to-day en route fur Kansas.
Tho statement of the St. Louis Republi
can, concerning the Chicago society is ut
More Kansas News.
St. Louis, June 30.
A letter to tho Democrat, dated Law
rence, June 28th, says that five men had ar
rived in that city from Tecumseh, where
they hail been confined for some timo as
prisoners. They were captured by dra
goons on the 27th of May, near Osswntto
mie. Their arms were taken away, chains
w ere put upon them, and they were driven
thirty miles by troops on horses. Tho dra
goons were under Lieut Iverson. Tho pris
oners were chained nearly four weeks, aud
when brought before Judge Costo, they
were discharged, nolhingbeing found ngain.-t
them. Three of the party captured were,
however retained : Partridge, John Brown,
Jr., and Williams; the two latter being
members of the Legislature. Indictments
were found agaiust Brown for treason, con
spiracy and for kidnapping slaves and horse
stealing; Williams for treason; Partridge
for conspiracy. Messrs. Hoyt and Lcgatte,
iirrested a few days since by Harney and
the dragons under Lieut. Perkins have been
released on bail.
Washington, July 1.
A riot occurred at the Fillmore demon
stration iu this city last night, during which
Mayor Magruderv" and sovend of the police
were attacked with stones and bludgeon.
The mayor was badlv injured, tho mob fol
rowing half a mile with cries of "kill him!"
Tho mob was finally dispersed, and one or
two arrests made.
ISAAC ZVI. lEEHLSB., Editor.
Friday, July 4, 1856.
JOHN C. FREMONT.
fok VH R.risrMi)i:T.
WILLIAM L DAYTON.
Republican State Ticket.
FOR JITICES OF THE StTKKMK COUKT.
Piiokt Tkiix OK.tft IlftAVFV, of Marion.
Long Tkrx JOSIAI1 SCOTT, of Butler.
FOR COMMISSIONER OF COMMON' SCFIO0L3,
AXSOX MJIYTII, of Franklin.
MKMltKR BOAItP OF ITU UC WORKS,
JOHN 11. 1VAUDELL, of Ross.
PFNATOHl AT. FI.FOTOR3.
CATFH IC SMITH, of Hamilton.
J AC Oil I'iKivLNN, Trumbull.
For the Campaign.
Wt will furnish the JOUHXAL form this time uiitil af
ter the close of the Presidential Election, 1st of December,
ftrr the low price of 62 cents, payable is Apr ante.
TEN COPIES will be sent for $5- Should any of our
friends in the country feel inclined to lend us a helping
hand by obtaining subscribers to the JOURNAL, we shall
be thankful. We shall be pleased to have our country pat
rons call on us whenever they visit Fremont. The latch
string tcilt always be on the outside.
Circulate the documents. Rally, Freemen,' your coun
try needs your faithful services.
JOURNAL OFFICE, June 20th, 1856.
THE REPUBLICAN PLATFORM.
j sti;ini. an(i .H-hunor upon any Government of people limt
jg-itt R;ii,rOHjto t),eP;iri,5c 0,a
jthtmwtwntral.-iniliirai-tical routHsimiJini1iv-lyl. iji.m
.... rt..il liv -tin- intpri'Sis nftlip whole country, ninl t)).lt tin' Fc'l-
This Convention of Pelepato, assembled in pursuance
of a call addressed to the Ticoplp of the United States
without repurd to past political differences or divisions,
who are opposed to the repeal of the Missouri Compro
mise; to the policy of the present Administration; to the
extension of Slavery into free Territory, in favor of the
admission of Kansas as a Free State; of restoring the ac
tion of the Federal ttovernment to the principles of WhsU
iuirt on and Jefferson; and for the purpose of presenting
candidates for the oJlices of President and Vice Presdent.
"1. Required, That the maintenance of the principles
promulgated in the Declaration of Independence and em
bodied in tlie Federal Constitution art; essential to the
preservation of our Republican institutions, and that the
Federal Constitution, the rights of the States, and the
union of the St.-itcs, shall he preserved.
2. Resolved, That with our Republican fathers we
hold it to bo a self-evident truth that all men are endow
ed with the unalienable ritfiit to lite, libertv and the pur
suit of happiness, and that the primary object and ulter
ior design of our Federal Government were to secure those
rights to all persons within itsexrlusire jurisdiction; that
as our Republican fathers, when they had abolished Sla
very in all our National Territory, ordained that no per
son 'should le deprived of life, liiierty or property, with
out due process of law, it Ix-comes our duty to maintain
this position against all attempts to violate it for the pur
pose of establishing Slavery in the United States by
positive legislation, prohibiting its existence or ex
tension therein. That we deny the authority of Congress,
of a Territorial Legislature, of any individual or associa
tion of individuals, to give legal assistance to Slavery in
any territory of the United States, while the present
Constitution shall tc maintained.
"3. Resolved, That the Constitution confers upon Con
gress sovereign power over the Territories of the United
States for their government, and that in the exercise of
this power it is both the right and the duty of Congress
to prohibit in the Territories those twin relics of barbar
ism Poh gntnv and Slavery.
'4. Resolved, That while the Constitution of the Uni
ted States was ordained and established by the people in
order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, in-
sure domestic tranquility, provide for the common de
fense, and secure the blessings of LiVrty, and contains
ample provisions for the protection of the life, lilverty and
property of every citizen, the dearest constitutional
rights of the people of Kinsas have been fraudulently
and violently taken from them;
Their Territory has been invaded by an armed f. rce;
Spurious aud pretended Legislative, Judicial and execu
tive ofiieers have been set over them, by whose usurped
authoritr, sustained by the military power of the Govern-
ment. tvranical ana unconstitutional laws cave nee a en
acted and enforced;
Tiie right of the people to keep and bear arms have
Test oaths of an extraordinary and entangling nature
have been imposed as a condition of exercising the right
of suffrage and holding office;
The right of an accused person to a speedy and public
trial bv an impartial jury has been denied;
The'right of the pi-opfe to le secure in their persons,
houses, paper aud effects agaiust unreaKouahle searches
and seizures has been violated;
They have been deprived of life, liberty and property
due process of law;
freedom ot speech ana oi tuc press nas been
The ri ght to choose their representatives has been made
of no effect;
Murders, roblwrie. and arsons have been instigated and
encouraged, and tho offenders have been allowed to go
That all these things have been done with the knowledge,
sanction, and procurement of the present Administration,
and fortius high crime ngninst the Const it nl ion, the Union
and humanitv, we arraign that Administration, the Presi
dent, hi- advisers, agents, supporters,apnlngists and acces
sories either befre or after the facts before the country
and lK'f-rethe world: and that it is our fixed purpose to
bring the actual perpetrators of these atrocious out rages,
and tlndr accomplices, to a sure and conuiu punishment
"5. Resolved, That Kansas should be, immediately ad
mitted as a. State of the Union, with her present Free Cn-
'fitntinnas at once the most effectual ay of securing t
I .ir.theeniovment of the rights and nrixil-ges t
whi-dithevareeniithdandot ending the civil strit
Liritiir i I.erTenitorr.
wl.i'-htii.-vareenlitlcdaiidof ending the civil stnte now
, nts.,lred That Uiehighwavmnn'aplea th it'mizlit
riil!''!ie'l tn the Osieinii irciuar, was in wty
oraUim-ernineritonirht to remler imnic-liate afi'l ellicicnt
ru'linits constnieti-m, :vml :is fin auxiliary tlii-ri'to. t!u
iin:iit'li:itL construction of aa cmiiant route on the line of
'8. lletolrrd, That ftppropriatiopftlirroticrcps for the
improV'-nn'nt of rivers ftini harbors, of ;i national churaeter,
require'! lor the accoinmoti ition tnl security of our exis
ting comnt-rce. are authorized by the Constitution, iinci ji:s
tilu'lby thenl-liLr-itien of (iovecnnlent to protect the lics
ami !r('rtv of its i; iz.'tis.
.. Jlrtttlrtd. That we invite the nfliliatinn amlct -operation
of the men of jill jjruties. horeer ii!V rel'.tfroiu us
in other roports, ist support of the principles herein de
clared, an, 1 1-elievioif that the spirit, of our institution as
well as the Constitution of our Country jruarantees lii.erty
of conscience and equality nf rijrht umon!r citizens, wo
oppose ail leisiatiou impairing their security."
jJ5T Yes Sir, our "bunting" is out, in
scribed on its folds aro the names of the
nominees of tho Republican National Con
vention FREMONT AND DAYTON.
This is what wo havo been contending for
all the time, and what wo shall continue to
strive for tho success of the principles en
tertained by these men. We Lave given
no one tho "go bv," nor "cut tho acquaint
ance" of any beside the Slavcocracy, those
who seek to bind chains on freemen, and
, -i i i t .t. t f 4l,
enslave uouv ana soui mo uiiumm. w iuu
Creator; those who are now seeking to
make slave territory of Kansas; those who
aro trying to crush the spirit of Liberty and
banish it from tho American Senate ; those
miserable doughfaces who dare not make a
single expression in favor of Freedom for
fear they shall offend their masters, the
Slaveholders. With such as these, wo hold
no sympathy. But with every man who
loves FREEDOM and hates SLAVERY,
wc do willingly and cheerfully unite, wo do
not care by what name they are called. We
stand upon the Platform of Freedom. On
our banner aro the names of tho men who
will surely be:ir sway for tho next four years,
and are so plain that "ho w ho runs may
read." Our candidates' fame is fast spread
ing on ju.l 'sides,' East, West, North and
South. It is enough for Northern Freemen
to know that the Slaveholders hate our can
didates, as they hate FREEDOM, therefore
the North will go undivided against Buchan
an & Co.
It is enough for us to say, that the state
ment that Col. Fkemoxt "is a Catholic," is,
like scores more of tho Messenger's asser
tions, false. Col. Fremont is a member of
the Protestant Episcopal Church.
j5rWe extract tho following stanza
from a Whig song of 1840:
ri,.n ti; ot,l hat wfis new. nuch.'uian wits the man.
Kettor fitted in the Keystone State, to lead the federal clan;
Tie swore if Democratic blood did make his reins run blue,
He'd cure it by phlebotomy, wlieu this old kt was new.
Wo this week publish the immortal Dec- j
laratiou of Independence. It is a document i
which every American citizen ought to read j
for himself, and expound to his children, if
ho has any, at least once a year.
But at this time tho great political truths
embodied in this paper havo a special sig
nificance. Tho slave power of these states
has absorbed into itself and transformed
into its own nature, all that part of tho
democratic party, which can submit to be
used for tho base purpose of extending slave
ry and abridging freedom. A vast multi
tude of tho rank and file, and some among
the leaders of that party, seeing and abhor
ing tho corruption which has seized upon
it, havo deserted it, as all honest men should.
Enough remain, however, seduced by the
love of office, or led by tho power of preju
dice, to give to the schemes of tho slave
holders the endorsement of the party as such.
The democratic party having mado itself
tho tool of tho slaveholders, has utterly de
parted from and denied tho fundamental
principles which lie at the foundation of our
government. It tramples under foot the
Declaration of Independence. The south
ern slaveholders who aro the rulers of de
mocracy openly declare that the Declaration
is a humbug, that tho words, "all men aro
created equal," aro tho merest political
clap-trap. As might bo supposed tho de
mocracy which acknowledges such leaders,
is advocating measures openly hostile to the
Declaration. True tho democratic leaders,
like other knaves who must accomplish their
ends by tho help of honest men, labor hard
to clothe their schemes of villiany with a
semblance of respect for those great and
accepted truths which they dare not openly
deny. They tell us that tho people of each
territory havo the right to settle for them
selves their own domestic institutions, and
that the right is fundamental in a republi
can government. This sounds fair enough
upon its face, and if the right is exercised
without tho violation of other greater and
'unalienable rights," such as the right to
"life, liberty, and tho pursuit of happiness,"
tho doctrine may bo accepted. But if the
right of the people of a territory to fix and
regulate their own domestic institutions, is
to be exercised to violate and destroy the
greater and more fundamental rights spoken
of above, then so far wo deny that the peo
ple have any such right.
But if we would know precisely tho mean
ing of tho doctrine, that the people of a ter
ritory havo the right to fix and regulate
their own domestic institutions, as the doc
trino stands in tho democratic creed, we
must look at facts. Tho democracy have
thrown down tho barrier which shut slavery
out of Kansas and Nebraska. The slave
holders aro making desperate efforts to get
possession of Kansas, and claim in unquali
fied terms that they have the right to carry
their slaves into all the territories of the U.
S., and that they cannot bo shut out unless
tho people of the territory w hen it becomes
a stato shall decide that slavery shall not
exist in it. The democracy assents to these
demands of tho slaveholders, and tho doc
trine above spoken of in regard to the right
of tho people to fix and regulate their own
institutions, means simply this, that the peo
ple of all the territories may introduce
and establish slavery therein, and that their
doing so shall not, if democracy rules, con
stitnte any harrier to their reception into
the Union. If this bo true, then the con
stitution of the United States carries slavery
with it into all the national territory, and
this "sum of all villianies" can only bo ex
cluded when tho people of a territory form
a constitution of their own. The democra
cy have not dared to say openly that the con
stitution of the United Slates carries slave
ry into all the territories, but it is well
known that a declaration to this effect was
lost by one vote only iu tho committee which
prepared tho platform at Cincinnati, on
which Buchanan now stands. They might
as well have put it in. It is there in fact
whether it is in form or not.
Under tho fair sounding words that the
people of the territories havo tho right to
fix and regulate their own domestic institu
tions, tho democracy conceal this abomina
ble doctrine, that tho constitution of tho U.
S. admits slavery into all our territories, and
protects it there ; that tho people of the
territory may fix it there and then demand
admission into the Union. Now, in collec
tion with these doctrines, read the follow
ing words from the Declaration. "We hold
" these truths to be self-evident ; that all
" men arc created equal, that they aro en
" dowed by their Creator with certain un
" alienable rights ; that among theso are
" life, liberty, and tho pursuit of happiness,
" that to secure theso rights governments
" aro instituted among men." Is it or is it
not in accordance with theso words to teach
that men anywhere or under any pretence
havo tho right to establish slavery among
their domestic institutions ? But perhaps it
will bo said that those words must be un
derstood in some way that" docs not war on
slavery; for slavery existed in tho states
when tho Declaration was made, and many
of the signers wero slaveholders.
We reply that no such explanation is to
be received. Tho men who framed the
Declaration and tho Constitution never
meant to sanction slavery. They framed
theso documents almost as though it had
not existed. Slavery is not recognized and
the word slavery is uot used in them. -They
regarded it as a monstrous evil, and
never intended that it should extend itself.
They believed that under tho sway of doc
trines like those set fortk in tho Declaration,
which they knew were in direct hostility
with it, slavery would in no long timo dis
appear. That theso were tho sentiments of
Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Madison,
and the fathers, history proves. It has
been reserved for a party calling itself democratic,
and pretending to class tho men
named above among its founders, to deny
the doctrines of these fathers, and to advo
cate measures which would havo received
their emphatic condemnation.
The republican party aro striving to reas
sert and re-establish the doctrines of the Dec
laration. It was not without truth that one
to whom tho republican platform was read,
declared that it sounded "just liko tho Dec
laration of Independence." Republicans do
not believe that tho people of any state or
territory, or of all together, havo any right
to extend slavery. But without making a
comparison, for which wo havo not space,
wo ask every ono who takes up this paper,
to read first the Declaration of Independ
ence, and then the republican platform,
which we also republish in to-day's paper.
Road and compare, and then judgo between
us and our opponents.
A Mistake. Tho story which is told in
this vicinity, (and to v Inch wo alluded last
week,) of tho intention of the editor of tho
Democrat to soon discontinue its publication,
is without foundation in fact. We there
fore do our neighbor justice, by quoting his
own words in tho case :
"The Demnrrat is xot To he msroxTixrrn either at an
early or remote period in the future, according to the best
information of the Kditor on the subject. The
rumor in iuestion came to our ears several months no,
hut we did not then deem it worthy of attention, and
should not now, had not the Jvurnal jriven it prominence
and currency by putting it into its columns; unconmdict
ed, it micht be detrimental to us. The ori wi of
andtneh're for, cireuhttinir this rumor, need no explana
tion, and ns our neirhbnr published it, wiU he do us the
justi e to publish this contradiction."
We have done it cheerfully, but neighbor,
wo aro really sorry to see you throw asido
your manliness, and with such hot haste
mount tho Douglas platform. The word
has been proclaimed by the "disoryanizers,"
that they "had got the Democrat about
whipped in, and that in two or threo weeks
it would publish Buchanan's letter of accept
ance." There is to bo a strife between tho
two editors, as to who shall fawn most at
tho feet of tho harlot, SLAVERY, under
the ridiculous cognomen of National Demo
crats. We fear, neighbor, that the "disor
ganizers aro too many for you.
Will tho editor of tho Democrat advo
cate tho admission of Kansas with her Free
Constitution? Not he!
IIoity Toity. Our worthy brother, next
door, who is just now engaged in eulogising
ten cent Jimmy, and trying ever so hard to
mount the drivcrs's box on tho Slavery car,
got his back up, porcupino like, when we in
timated that his "silence" would induce the
democracy to think his sheet had been dis
continued. When, toil us, will it be "time
to speak ?" If you have it not in your heart
to speak out now, when slave-holders are
striking down one after another, our broth
ers on tho soil of Kansas, w hile all over
that territory ascends the smoko of her sack
ed and burning towns; when a Senator of
tho United States is wickedly assaulted in
the Senate Chamber by a man who has
murder in his heart; when all tho power
and influence of tho administration is being
turned from its legitimate ends and prosti
tuted to the unholy purpose of extending tho
slave power; if you cannot speak at this
timo your influence and action will bo of
but little effect hereafter. This is no time
for silence. Who would be free, himself
mu-it strike the blow.
In regard to tho intended ".-.light" of the
editor of -the Democrat by the. editor of the
Messenger, we are perfectly indifferent. "It
is none of our funeral." Who are tho "dis
oriranizeis now ?
The editor of the Democrat, has pre
tended to bo opposed to the policy of Doug
bus tfc Co., all the while flattering himself
that when the National Convention should
assemble, they would repudiate the articles
of faith which this pro-Slavery democracy
declared to bo tho only orthodox. In this,
however, the editor was mistaken, for the
Convention endorsed the policy adopted by
Douglas. They then mado a pro-Slavery
j 1 itform, which pleases tho most exacting
slave-holder, and put upon it the prince of
doughfaces James Buchanan. This man
tho editor of the Democrat can most cordi
ally support, and in supporting him he shows
most plainly the hypocrisy of his course for
months past. We here publish an extract
from a speech of Stephen A. Douglas, made
a few nights since, iu New York city, which
clearly demonstrates the difference between
tho views of tho two men :
"Hut, my friends, I (1ml thnt these lllack 'Republican'
murderers and 'IepuMii-:ui' newspapers haveall bo
sun to shed criK-o'lid'' tears (l.uiirhter and cheers) over
mine own humble late, bee:u:.-;e they made a Douglas plat
form and put lluehanaii unit. (Cheers.) I wi!i to cull
yoitratteiition to a point for a moment, and that is wheth
er it is not a Buchanan platf orm as well ns as a Doujr'as.
(Cheets.) They say itLsa lioul-as, because it endorsed
every position that 1 have t.ik n, not only unn tho slavery
(jin stion, and Kansasand Nebraska, but the foreign policy.
(Cheers.) That is true, lieeauso it is true, I stand with
heart and soul ready tn devote my energies to the success
of the piatfonnand the candidate. (Immense cheers.
Three cheers for IlomrlnS') .Now my friends, if you will
listen for an instant for a bri-f historical account, 1 wiil
show von that Buchanan and myself have for si veral years
baekever since I came into public lite held the same
position on the slavery question from be;.r:innin;r to end.'
The Democrat has been whipped iu and
is now a supporter of tho wicked institution
of Slavery. How soon w ill it assent to all
that Buchanan sets forth iu his letter of ac
Our readers are well awaro that we have never adver
tised patent medicines but we now publish an advertise
ment of AVER'S Tills, not because we are paid for it alone,
but tiecausc we honestly K'lieve that Dr. Ayer is one of
the liest chemists and physicians of the apre, and because
we know from experience that his Cherry Tectoral is the
best medicine for a CoueHt that was ever invented. We
have been cured by it of a severe Bronchitis, and have giv
en it to our family with unfailing success for colds, coughs,
whooping cough, croup, Sc. Our neighbors who have
tried these Pills represent thera as an extraordinary good
medicine. Democrat, McJrthur, Vtntftn county, O.
Assassin Brooks on the Stump.
Preston S. Brooks has taken the stump in
favor of the platform and the nominees of
the Cincinnati Convention. Tho Charles
ton Standard iu adverting to a ratification
meeting says :
"The Hon. Stephen A. Poutrl.tr, flon. .Tamest,. Orr. and
Hon. 1". S. Brooks and others, will address the meeting."
Douglas and Brooks are admirably fitted
to each other, and they truly represent tho
principles of tho border-ruffian democracy.
TO WHAT BASE ENDS.
The editor of that most unscrupulous pro
Slavery sheet, called the "Democratic Mes
senger," not content with tho baseness he
has acquired in tho eyes of every true friend
of human freedom, who has chanced to read
his paper, by his shameful subserviency to
his masters Southern Slaveholders and
advocacy of human Slavery, has exerted his
utmost skill in inventing falsehoods against
the Republican party and tho acts of the
Republican Legislature last winter. It is
said ho is aided in this by a eertain individ
ual known to tho community as tho head
manager of tho "Affidavit Factory," who is
not only expert in inventing false state
ments, but stands ready to swear to them if
deemed necessary. It would require too
much space, even to point out all tho bare
faced lies which havo appeared in tho edi
torials of that paper. We will at this time
notice ut a few of them as samples of the
many others, and wo will not go back of his
last two issues.
In his paper of the 20th of June, under
the head of "Facts for the People," he says :
"They the Republican party pledged them
selves that if the government was given to
them, the salaries of Stato and County of
ficers should bo lowered." Tho Republican
party never made any pledges to lower tho
salaries of State officers, and wo defy him
to substantiate that charge, and until he
does so, we will call that Lie No. 1. They
did promise retrenchment in tho expendi
ture of money by tho State, and tho Legis
lature fulfilled that promise wherever it
could be done without detriment to tho in
terests of tho State, as we shall hereafter
provo to the satisfaction of every honest
Agfiin he says, "The first act of the oppo
sition was, instead of paying the State debt,
to increase it two millions and a half of
dollars." THERE IS NOT ONE WORD
OF TRUTH IN THAT ASSERTION.
The Legislature of last winter DID NOT
INCREASE THE STATE DEBT ONE
DOLLAR. If the last Legislature did
any act or passed any law by which the
State debt was increased, it is very easy for
the editor to point it out, and until he does
so, wo will put that down as Lie No. 2.
Lio No. 3, is not opcu and bold, but one
of the mean sneaking lies. It don't say
directly that tho aggregate rate of taxes is
raised, but attempts to carry that impress
ion to the reader by asserting that one item
of taxes has been raised, but has not the
honesty to tell his readers the reason for
raising it. Tho truth is, and tho editor
must have known it, that his part-, when
they went out of power had expended all
tho appropriations made by tho last pro
Slavery Legislature, and run THE STATE
IN DEBT OYER HALF A MILLION
OF DOLLARS BESIDES, which occa-
j siened tho increase in this item of taxes.
I Tho extravagant, and in somo instances,
j FRAUDULENT MANNER in which his
party expended and squandered tho Peo
I pie's money and created this debt against
! the State, will bo fully explained hereafter,
' and the lion's skin may be torn from some
: gentlemen iu this section of the State, who
aro in the'habit of making a great deal of
noise, leaving them to bray with their nat
ural deformity fully exposed.
But we will pass to Lie No. 4. The edi
tor proceeds to assert that, "instead of low
ering the salaries they have been raised."
When the editor penned this assertion he
knew very well that a bill was passed LOW
ERING THE SALARIES in many in
1,i , jy T 1YOT K
tiiat l.N IN U iJMAxNU
has the sal.-irv of any County officer BEEN
INCREASED. Tho increase in Hamilton
County was not at tho expense of other
parts of the Stnte, but at the expense of
Hamilton County alone, and at the request
of the Senators and Representatives of that
Countv, all of whom belong to the editor's
party. "An attempt was made to raise the
salaries of Judges and EVERY LOCOFO
CO MEMBER OF TIIE SENATE VOT
ED FOR IT, and Judgo Mathews, Senator
from Hamilton County, INTRODUCED
Lie No 5, says, "Tho distribution of the
School Library has been stopped, but mark
this; you neither get tho books nor the
money." But the money IS LEFT IN
TIIe'pOCKETS OF THE PEOPLE, it
is NOT TAKEN OUT. All the people
ask is to have their money LEFT IN
THEIR OWN POCKETS.
Lie No. 6, of this truth-hating editor, as
serts that the Republican Legislature ex
empted TWENTY MILLIONS of Banking
capital from taxation. When the truth is,
tho law passed by tho Republican Legisla
ture does not exempt ono dollar of Banking
capital, except such as the Supreme Court
" rr . , . , , , 77 ,
of the United States have declared could not
tie taiea, aucr uie xjocoiocu umreumueia
had SPENT THOUSANDS OF DOL
LARS investigating the question, to pay
which the people have to he TAXED.
This falsehood is reasserted in almost every
number of that lying sheet. In the last
number the editor repeats it, and then goes
on to say, that "they (the Republicans) have
called an extra session at an expense of
HALF A MILLION OF DOLLARS."
Now, how does this wiso editor know how
much tho extra session to bo held next win
ter will cost ? Did he ever know any ses
sion of the Ohio Legislature to cost any such
sum, or even ono quarter of it ? Any man
who can make such a statement is either a
knave or a fool.
Wo will close this subject, for tho present,
with Mr. Botefur's Lie, No. 7. He asserts
that tho Republican Legislature never made
mr iii.tvo on the subject of tllO repeal of
ailj I.10C Vll im- J I
tho Missouri Compromise, when all tho
uiu Lio3-.wii i j
WOrl'l kllOWS that theV passed Very Strong!
" . .
resolutions on tho suhject, instructing our
Senators and requesting our Representatives
in Congress, to vote and uso their influence
for tho restoration of the Missouri Compro
mise. How is it, that in this enlightened com
munity, any man can te found so lost to
truth, so depraved, so mean, as to stoop to
such base means to sustain his party! But
what better could be expected of a man
who, in a free country, espouses the cause
of tyrrany and slavery ? How can such a
man be expected to speak the truth on any
subject ? Slavery falsifies tho Declaration
of Independence, and is a lie in tho sight
of Heaven ! Whoever advocates it must do
so by the basest kind of lying. Tyrants so
lect their tools according to the -work they
havo to accomplish. The pro-slavery party
may demand of tho Messenger any menial
service, and it will bo cheerfully performed.
KANSAS IN THE HOUSE.
Editorial Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune.
Washington, Monday, June 30, '56.
Free Kansas in tho House was most un-
wpectedly put under tho feet of tho Border
Ruffians to-day bv ono maioritv. All tha
Bucuanariites but Mr Hickman of Pennsyl
vania, and all the Fillmoreites but Mr.
Moore of Ohio, voting together against her,
and making 107 Nays to' 106 Yeas on the
final passage of the bili to admit her under
her Topeka Constitution. Our friends tri
umphed on five or six preliminary votes,
Messrs. Barclay and Packard voting with
them. Mr. Packer is understood to have
observed that the Republicans were mak
ing too much capital out of Kansas. Messrs.
Bayard, Clarke, Edwards, Milward and
Scott sustained Free Kansas throughout.
Messrs. Hav en, Whitney, John Wheeler and'
John Williams of New York, Broome ot
Pennsylvania, Scott, Harrison and Dunn
went with Messrs. Herbert, Brooks, Rust,,
and their pro-Slavery party, throughout.
Messrs. Dunn and Douglas took sweet
counsel together by tho hour, apd were tha
twin consuls of the Border Ruffian forces.
There wero but sixteen absentees, waiviner
sick and paired ; two pairs voted at first, but
fell off to dinner before the final trial. Had
all been present the result would not have
been improved. There is an effort to reeon
si.ler to-morrow, but I fear without success.
There is no remaining hope for Kansas from
Congress. Her last reliance must be on the
generous hearts and votes of Amerieon free
The Slave Democracy are firing cannoni
and parading tho streets this evening, in,
exultation over tho defeat of Free Kansas.
Mr. Douglas has adopted Mr. Toombs'
bill iu lieu of his own; and means to put it
through the Senate on Wednesday. I
think he must wait a little. His report to
day was monstrous in the audacity of ittv
misrepresentations. Mr. Wado will speak.
i of said lot with a front of twenty-two feet on Front street,
jnnd extending west therefrom, imy-Tenfcct, the west or
i bark end bem a!?o twenty-two feet whte.
j TKR.ls.(Mie-third on the day of sale, one-third in one
year, and one-third in two years, with interest on deferred
: payments, and secured bv mortmcre on the premises.
robf.kt s. rtce, Adm,
of Robert n. Caldwell, deceased.
Fremont, July 4, 1856. 23w4
"OTICE. Tho co-partnership hereto--
X 1 fore existing lietween the subscribers in this day
dissolved by mutual consent. AH demands due to the
late linns of McLellan k Mcfiee and JIcIajUhd. Lake k Co.,.
rue to 1m? paid unto R. W. B. McLellan, and aU demand-'
against said tiima will be paid ly hiin.
K. W. B. ITcLLLAX.
Fremont, June 23, 1856. J. MctiEE. i!3:3-
McGce & Haynes'
STEAM PIjAIVIXO MILL, AX1
lard tiiurs mnde KASY, lty bnyinjr your I.nmKer worked'
and rraily to put up, at the above estabiisiiinent.
HAVING rpntiy ma-le extensive mWiiioTis and im
provenii'nTf in inachinerr to meet the constantly in
civi.sinq: tlr mnrd? for mir work, we are now better prepar-
than per ln-fore, to furnish ortU-rs for all kini of mate-rials
with dtFji.iti-h. Poplar, Pine, Ash and Oak
Flooring Plnnecl and Matched
nnv width and thitkne, and warranted to LAY A
PKKi-'KCT FLOuR. Tharlvn.-.t:; in Uhinjrthw Wnd of
Flooring .ip, flint it cos's less; nvikes a more evtn floor
:v i C:n Y.i- laid in lifilf fl.e time. Thus efteting a clear iw
in-r of '2Q percent. Those brintiisf: Flooring from a di
tance to W drepped, will t-e nmn;ptiy aftended to.
I'irtnine i't H it varion fornm don to order. Lnmberr
phiiH'd to a thickness and taken out of wind.
ri.E nul POXMiAIS SiniXG.
We are iri)ir:f:ic';inntr .1 mw artiHf of Tine nnd Poplar Sid
r.r, rbiTR-d and Ve!ed. which hy nperfertty tight joint'
when mt on. Thi Sieirij iiasjriveu -rt'cet ft-tisfactinn in
pvfry i:rst.t!!ce. For cheapness beauty of finish and dura
iiiity, it can't he heat.
Lr.mher fitted Cortiicf, Frieze, Corner and Basa
ho;mlsf Ciiii.jfp, MmiMw! tic.
I Also, Fncinr f Ml ki;;d.a, sawed and made to order.
IFei.re Picfcpts by the hundred, Kouud, Siioare and Slat of
any len-tu desired.
Of ererr description donp to order by an exppn'pnce!
worlviTi.n. W'f keep on hand a assortment of Bed
Posts, 'IV I" and Stand Le-e, Chair Stuff, &r., at wholenal
prices. A!fo Wfttron Hubs, turned, !ored and reemed,
lower titan they can be procured elsewhere.
i;is!!, Doors. IM.ihN, Window
uiul Door Frames.
To thi? department of our bnsincF! we pay particular at
tention. It is under the direction of cspetUH3cd woik
nien, with the aid of new and superior niarhinery, we are
iii-vnufarturinir Poors, S:udi, Hiinds, &c, OUT OF SEAS
ONED LCMH Wit ONLY, which we will warrant equal t
any made in tlieSt.ito, arrd to give perfect saUiaction oc
uo pay. In connection with the abne we keep a
And Intend to keep constantly on blind a good assortment
ol'Drv Lumber at the lowesfccash prices.
We would call thf 'attention of Carpenter, builders and
of hers who are Imilffitijr, to the facilities here offered to
tin m, to procure their inateiLil readily, and at a lower
price than t 1m' where.
Thoi-e licinjr in the county will find that they can AT
TIM K and MoNFY by getting their woi k done here.
Call and examine our work and prices before yoa
coiiiuieiice to build.
ll orders bv mail promptly attended to, and at nnifona.
price. " " ilcUEE & HAYNES..
IV. F. Tl'H:;, can he consulted at his rooroa,.
FTIFMONT Kessler'a American, Wednesday, 2.'td July,.
rvN ITSKY St. Lawrence House, Saturday 19th July.
TIFFIN Sbawhan House. Thursday 24th July.
For consul tit ion upon all diseases of the Throat, Lnnp,
Heart, Liver, Stomach, Bowels, Kidneys and Spleen, also,
Dropsv, Snivel, Kheumutism, Nervousness. Debility. Dj
pepsia. Female If i.-cas'-s, Asrue and Fever, Hts, Impuritiea
of the Itlood, Eruptions, Cancers, I leers and 11 other tk-rieth-s
of lornf-stamiinir compbunts, both external And in
ten i:.l. For some ten years Dr. T has devoted his en ti ra
tline to chronic diseases, treating thousands annnally,
many of whom had exhausted every other resource within
reach. In no case are minerals or other poisons employed,
nor does he make sick to make well, nor tear down to build
up. The medicines can! taken with safety by tht most
delicate, and patients may remain at home, and continue
delicate, ana patients mav remain mi noine,
witn pni(.nce their ordinary diet and ex.
have recovered under the treatment, aferfrii
friends and phy
sicians had given up all hope, the indisputable evidence
of which cau always be furnished. Invalids bowerar re
duced and despairing, are invited to call and may be as
sured that no encouragement will be given, or expense in
curred, without a corresponding prospect of recovery.
EVIIJEXCE FK03I ERIK CorXTT. FITS, TIIE IB CTR ABILITY.
Margaret ta, Erie Co., June 1S56.
Dr. TrenJ Pear Sir: I called at your room about two
vears ao with a son who bad been subject to Fits or Epi-U-psv
for vh'ht years. The tima varied, but the average
was "about two a week, becoming somewhat harder and
more freuuent before you saw Lim. He also had alight
nift. cansinjr him to stop moving or speaking for a
moment, and which occurred several tiiws a day. We
dared not trust him from our snrht. in the fields or about
the houe,at anv time. For six of the eignt years he waa
takin remedies of some kind almost constantly, and ye
they were growing worse. Five or six physicians were
engaged, who gave about as many kinds of treatment.
Considering the uselessness of alt that we had done, the
effects of your medicine seem almost a miracle. He has
had but two fits since you first saw him, and lor more than
a vear not a simile one or any Indication of any. He baa
since performed more labor than ever before in his life.
II is rest is now refreshing digestion natural, and he it
free from nervous irritability. Instead of constant watch
ing, he has journeyed alone to a distant state, with as lit
tle concern as though he had never been diseased.
July 4. Yours, truly, IRA BARNES.
SALE OF REAL ESTATE. On Sat
urdav, the -2fith day of July. A. !., 156,
at 2 o'clock iu the afternoon, at ihe door of the Court
House in Fremont, Ohio, the following described real es
One equal, undivided half part of lol nnmber twe hun
dred and fifty, in the vrilace of Fremont, Oh to, and des
; na fnlLuva ti-wit- Situate in the Booth-east nrno