R. t. BtJCKLAPfrri 1 flOtrt HVKHtTT.
ntlOKIiAlVn A EVEHETT,
Atteraeyeand Connaellora at baw.endHollellnra tn Chan
cre, wtll attend to prnfea.tr-nal bualneea aod Lead
Aeener In Hendimae and adjoining Cnnnttea.
Om-eeoBnd Starr Boeklaad'a new Block, fnaMal
J. UHIEN1, jr. . , U. W. rVlRBLOW.
, OKEEJVB Ac WINSIsOW,
Attoraers and Ceansrllnrs t I.w end Solicitors la Chan
eerr, for Sandusky and adjoining Counties,
oslnela TTI.ER BfICK. Front Rooms, op stairs.
-.- - , , raRMONT. OHIO. .
n. ItltlfNIt AttE. "
Attorney and Counsellor at fiw
. ... . a .-A In hi Mr.
Will ittm1 promptly loan winwwwM""'"
- OFP1CR 1 IHirllr4 Btmlw rtt Siftrt.
s mhi t WUm. nokrt.
Special attention lre to r'jH." ??JJ "
deceeaed Soldl.n. FREMONT, Ohio.
jaarcB ie am-
C. W. PAGE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
INSURANCE AND ORXERAL AOENT,
2lni Notarg Pnblic,' ,
- Cltde, Sandusky Courtt, O.
All business Intrusted to his ears, uUthfulljr and pro-pUr
W. I. KELLEY, M. 1.
TTU nn.nerl an ofTlee l Baca land's KKW Block oppo
I I .i. ih. Crmrhu Hnaee. for tho mirrwae of practlr-
Ins Wedtetee and 8er;ary, where he can be found during
the day, (whit not prufes.ionally innfM) and at night
Main air B. near.. onpFiw in. r.pia
Auf . U 181.
at hie reeldenee on
Hr. 1.W.Pa1I.ii, Sarin established himself forth
purpoeo of practicing Homoeopathy Intliii phwe and
finite, would respectfully annonnce to the public that Ilia
preeent nrrane-ments will anahlo thoaa owl rone of a rail
inn them selres of Horn opathle treatment, to rely with
certainty upon prompt attention to their mill, whether la
er ont of town.
J-jf OKI? at hlsioeldarjce, on tho Tarnplke, tha Brat
houaecaatofthe 014 Catholic Church.
N. R. Dr. t. payi parUcalar attoritlpn ta all forma
chronic diaaaaaa. ; Frnnaat, April 10, 1S4,
ROBERT 9. RICK. JOHN B.RICR.
11. S. KICE Sc SON,
. Physlclam &. Surgeons, .
Omri and RiaiDanra oa Arch Street, near the Rail
Hay 14, 17. lotf -
Sl5 CONGER A SHAW.
Dal. R. 4. Cm ota and H. K. 8HiW, baring formed a o
partneraliip, forthe practice of Deniatry, are prepared
do all work in their line with promptneaa and aatlafaetion
to all who aaay Bead their eerrteea. Tbey aia prepared
aetfrnmaaingle tooth, to forming complete acta for up
per and lower jawa. Teeth laaerted oa alrot or gold
ailrer plate. .
Ther would Bay that a art of ther Teeth too the pre
mium at the tate County Fair.
ry Oraica in Rerkland'a Block, ap-atalra.
Fremont, Oct. 22, 18i. J'
' lb. nEIlillAltZ,
0 ujla OFTiflln, hae permanently located la Fra
SjKmont. After harlng bad nine yeara eaperl
'iUTTrtT ne he eonalilera himaelf competent to carry
oa the prafeaaion, la all 1U rarioua forma and guaranteca
aatlafaetion In erery caae.
nM In Rhomo'a Mock, formerly eccapled y Dr. B.
Taber. All opcratinna warranted. ; T
Fremont, March 18, leaf.
Drugs Modicino, Dye-Stuffs Glass, Paints,
Olla, Dooka, Stationary, Glaaa Ware, Arc, c
tin. 3. BucKlaml Block. " Frkmont.
Druffs, Medicines, Chemicals, Pnints, Oils,
VaniUhea, Dre-Btatra, Burning Fluid, Rooka, Station
err. Wall Paper, Fancy Sooda, Tova, Clrara, Chewing
Tobacco, Ate, Arc, are. Ho. 1, Bueklaoa Bioca,
. Ilebcrts & Sheldon.
UaantactnreraofCop.r,Tln,and Sheet-Iron Ware.and
Dealera in Storea, Agricultural Iinplementa, Storea, Raga,
Wool, Hidea, flheen-pelta. Old Cupper, Old Storea, tc
ill urta ot eanulne Yankee Notion. Peaae a Brick
R oik, No.l, Fremont, Ohio. May 2, 1864.
. (FORMERLY TUB OHIO HOUSE.)
A. J. BEERY, Proprietor.
THIS HOUSE, so long kept by David
Deal, haa been laken by the aubacrltier and recently
refitted, Ate, and na palna will be epnred to make gaeata
comfortable while ataviag with me. Good yard for teama.
Corner or Front aad Oari iaon atreeta. BEERY
Fremont, June 2, I860. 25yl.
FRANK N. GURNEY, Rropriktor.
The Caootlia- baa beea put la order and la now
Curate of the Heuaa eonreyed to and from tha
free of charge. March , 1800.
(Forwtrl) Ikt m ant Srul.J
IV.TI. KESSLER, Proprietor,
CORNER OF PIRB AND FRONT STREETS,
Faaeeagera carried te aad bam tha Ilouae free ef charge
Fahrnary 24, IBS.
" JOHN BRIGHTWELL,
House and Sign Painter, Gilder,
Qraintr and Paper Hanger; AaMomtn
ing done to order, on short notice.
CHOP In BOCERYE BI.OTK. np-talra, oppoeite Roberta
k Sheldon'a tin ahop, FKE.OIT O. Apm
And Inland Navigation Insurance.
Home Iniuranoe Company,
of New York, with a CaplUl and Surplus at $ 1,500,000
J. Miltok Smith, Srr'y. ' I C i. J. Maktix, Yes't.
Joai McOaa, Ju t Stc'f. A. F. Wili-astk, V.
WHILE the abore Company haa only been In
about .area yoara, jet It rauka aa one of
BEST IxseRAXc Co.r-aiss is TBI LitfD. With a
Capital, umrtlf aad a strong Board er
was are djTptrt to ita interest, sad a repute Uoa tar
raonrr riraaxror its Lossxs, it commends itself
tfce entttdeneeiof the publte. ir , J V .
t ApeUeattoBS rearred, and policies human by ;
w .iiHW.B, McLELLAN,
Artnt for 8uidutky County,
Preteonf, ten B, lww. -
AM B ROT YPES.
, rt'Ht . takeaBleaaure
t ' fYv to his numerous
V ( i J,wVi 1 nd friends, that
T -l "-.-Wbiii t" TVRK8 in the
STYLE, and oa aa
terms as any artist is town. He haa
Lately added a large Camera,
te hlaaDnaratascapable of taking ambrotynee direct
Uu tttUr, nearly er quite the else of lire, ly" Oil
esara) aresn nagaelteotTyea ee fmun Ufa and
SussWaare . ' feetrTtiaaia giean in tke buaiims.
ROOMS Over the Bank of Fremont, corner of
and Croatian streets. ' , at. W. niLU.
rremoot, March 18, 186. '
Fremont livery and Sale Stable.
THE BUBSCKIUKH haa luat
te4 kit new Brick Stable, 114
foot, Front street, below aha
Ilouae, ana la Bow putting In a
Bumeer of the beat BOraea, with new aad handsome
Caa4 Carrlaaree, wbica he wUI hit to the citlaena
nont, OB more reasonable terma than aay other
Saddle Hones, ' '
er Horeee wltb Single or Double Buggies can be had
aWBra, oaf r aigut... ...' ;
have no Old Worn out Stock
Horeee kept Her sale, and any peraoa wantleg to
a good animal, aan alwaya Sad one to ault them,
lluraea boarded by the day or week on reasonable
CHA3. W. MOORE, Agent.
Fremont, Eeb. 10, lloo.-tf.
The greatest Invention yet Is a
Com Planter & Cultivator,
now on txhthttlon, on tli oornr, at Head Quartan.
FUnUd kr WillUm . Vlbwr. April J, 1-42.
Var-tera, MMhantoa and others tan maka It to their
to so and it. f eoooe wiihtns to itiTeet
ot do bolter tbn to bur HUl County, Of Tow
vtf bta to iakl or melt tbif Wftulub) Neliw,
ijt tk Uat twenty - will pr bttr.
RiKiitefnrHtato. Cuuoty or 8hope, r MmhilMH
Oaae .1 Ageat far tha whole llnttedRlaUs.
freatoBt, Ohio, Feb. T, lssx. . But
- . ESTA1ILISI1UD IStO. VOL. XXXI11. , '''''.' " , , , ' HEW SERIES, VOL. X, HO. IS. ,
- FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO, APRIL 18, 1862." '
THE ItELLYUE F01J!)EUY
18 8TILL IN OPERATION t '
J- AM faanofaetorlnit tha telobrated tl'RTIU IRON
ltRAM fi.OVV, whlrh la not aurpaflaed by any nt
fowmade. I.ONd'fl TMlTlOVEn, all alrea. CKNTKR
I.KVEH, or PittBliurn Hlow. whlrh Tor Hiihtneaa of draft
cannot le beat. H.OVf l'OINTd nf noai lv every kind In
I nao. UTERI. PLOWS nf tin celebrated I.ton"a mano
factore. whlrh dirw the Brat premium at the Huron eouu.
Vjr (1M1) Falr.aa a rrolrle Pluw.
Warranted auperlnr to any In nao. Dinner Delia. 16 and
14 gallon Kelt Ion. Cider Mill Scrrwa. Coal Clralea, a
nice article, fitraw Cuttera. Root Cnttera. Cora Plant
era, Arc, arc Alco, a fow ton a attperlor Soiltha' Coal.
Such aa Flnlahlng, Screw Cutting, e., done to order.
(-JT All work WARRANTED and done upon honor.J
Hnrln had 29 reara CTperlence In the baalneaa, I feel
conBdant of tiring SATIsEACTlON.
TermsCash or Ready pay.
Priced to snit the timet.
Bollema, Ohio, Nor. 1, 1M1. 421 y
Tobacco and Cigars.
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
T POSS has REMOVED bis TO-
JL BACCO STORE to
DOCKLAND'S NKW BLOCK,
Onnnalta the Bank of Blrehard. Miller At Co., where he
haa titled up the ucateat eatablishment that can be fonnd
In the Went.
am mannfactnring Cienra from tho very Hfc9a
SPANISH TOBACCO, andererymnnwholoreaa
ood ClKar la la lnrited to call and try one. boio at
Vboleaale or fUlail.and at lower ratea than ran be Imuglit
elaewhere. All kln.le of Chowing and Smoking TnLacco
kenton nana. r. ruoai
Freiuont, July 19, 18B1-U. ,
r.HIO COLLEGE OP TRADE.
W 170, ITit Summit Street,
Thlarolleire la dealrned to afford a THOROUGH COM'
MKIUIIXI. KUUCATION. andbrlui Ynuni Men Into an
acquaintance with a knowledge of the Practical Detallaof
UDatneaa. aa well aa ttounllng nooae nuiiea. r nr.uriner
particular,, addreaa, U. GREGORY, Prea't,
nepi. o, iooi. oovi v.
and American Marble!
Croghan Street, one door weat of the Tyler Brick Block,
A rONUMENTS. MANTLE-PIECES,
LVA and all klnda nf Marble work executed In the neat.
eaat,nnd moattaatofnl manner.
Orderaarc reapectrullraollcltcd.andall work warranted
Fremont, January, 1862.
O. B. Heller. D. Lebchkr.
HELLER & LEBOHER,
(Sueceaaora to Smith It llell.r.)
r.TV DKAI.EUS IN
! Foreign and American
MANTLES, , JkC.
3T We guarntee to please or no charge.
Shop at the old stand on Uroguan street.
Fremont, 0. May 30, 1801.
CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE IN-
V SURANCE Ulllll 'AMt, llariloru, Lonnecucuw
Acquired CaplUl of over $3,500,000.
OME FITIE AND INLAND NAVI
GATION INSURANCE COMPANY, of Mw York.
With a capiUl ad surplus of $1,500,000.
rONWAY FIRE INSURANCE COM-
Vy PAN Y, of Conway, Maasachasetts.
With a capital and anrplua of orer $250,000.
The abore are reliable Compaulea, well worthy the con
fide ace of all peraona desiring Brat claaa Insurance on
their llres or property.
Losses promptly paid,
VL W. B. McLELLAN, Agont
Frtmonl, June a. I860.
Have MOVED their Rranch Market from Front Street
their Old Stand oa the River la tne
Rear of D. BetU 4 Co'i Store,
and are prepared to famish alt the varieties of Meat Batt
el! kept la the market; auch aa
SALT AND FRESH MEATS,
Or the beatquallty, will at all tlmea be kept oo band, and
no effort spared to pleaae all. Farinera aud others having
fat cattle, aheep and hogs, are requested to give ns a call
belnredispoaing ol mem.
The nublie can always be accommodated with the choic
est meats by calling at our Shop.
ffT Meats delivered to any part 01 una wwu, worn
desiied, without extra charge.
r rennet, June l. leal.
NEVV MEAT MARKET.
' (OPPOSITE TUB BEERY HOUSE.)
THE nndenie-ed bare opened on Front
Street, right opposite tke iteery Ilouae
Where they will keep the beet of Fresh Meata, such
BEEF, VEIL, MVTTOIf, LAMB, PORK,
for asle every morning (Sundaya excepted)
FOR OA 8 H ONLY,
at 4 to 6 cents nor pound, and cut as yon want
ramJ Hcf and Malt Pork alaa for sale.
Farmers having good fat stock, (none other wanted)
cell te us by calling at our Market II
Fremont, Aug. 13, 1881. 23rnoB
A. TRAVIS CO.
Do Yon Want a Farm I
CALL ON BUCKLAND & EVERETT,
Fremont, Ohio. They hare for sale amongst other
lands, the E. H, Bee. T, T. e, B. , eoatalBiug B- scree.
known as the
, Wukes farm, on Ureen Creek,
about three -ilea east of Fremont, which will. If
emit, be sold In BO acre lota, ar altogether as purchasers
ay deatre. '
Alao a 30 acre and a S acre tract Bear the same, which
wtll be separately aula. For further particular apply
tha omee of tbe undersigned, at r remont, u.
UULALAflU SI a, ana. I.
Anguatt, jaea. tlwe. ' . . .
Hollertvllle, fcMdHaky County.
rpHE MraMriber would rpct fully Inform tho public
1 -uat li baa nut tula mill la tip tou ruooiuc otutr.
uu ia jrvprtt io grma j
Wbeat, Corn, Iluckwheat, Itye,
AUD ALL OTAER CUBTOM WORK, '
IB tha VERY BEST STYLE. tT Perfect
warraniea wiui etery juea'e griet.
No Better Flour can be made at any mill la the country,
Lath and Seasoned Lumber,
Constantly kept oa hand .
, , . . At my Saw-MiU Yard. ', '
Rills tiled so order aad on abort aotlea at reaanuabl
Uriua. J. V. lalNU
Rollererllle, Jan. IT, , invi
Washington Correspondence of the Fremont Journal.
Letter from Washington.
WASHINGTON, April 9, 1862.
Mb. Editor: The recent tliacuaaioiiB In the
Senate show in the moat umniMnkiiDle manner
what we may extwet from slave-holding repre-
emulation, lot it eomo from what pait of the
South it may. The klnve-holuirrs of thin city
make all the opposition thry can to the bill
eniancipatiug Slnvery in tliia District. They
uso the old ai'guiueiitBtoBUHtain the institution,
and arguo ngain&t the abolition of alavery here.
just na if they owned tho Capitol, tho Govern
ment, the building, the department, and every
tiling i'Ino belonging to the United Stated in
and about this city.
One year ago Washington was in a precarious
situation. It was not certain whether tho reb
els would take it or our Covernincnt hold il.
These very antne slave-holders, many of whom
arc secession women, were, aa a class, more
willing that this city should fall into the hands
of Jeff. Davis than remain in tho hands of tho
North; and now, to hear their whining, one
would think they were the only persons in the
United States whose interests should be pro
tected by the Constitution.
There is no use to deny it: when a man or
woman once accustoms himself or hersslf to
turn a deaf ear to the cause of the oppressed
to them one department of the heart becomes a
barren desert. How else can we account for the
heartless arguments used by the heartless crew
against any attempt to belter the condition of
the down-trodden. Every one of these area
mollis, stripped of ils fallacy, amounts to pre-1
cisely the same specimen of chop-logic as was
used by the first murderer, Cain: "Am I my
The vote in the Senate the other day to abol
ish Slavery in this District, brought to light in
the most significant manner what may be ex
pected from even Northern Democrats. They
too, as well as the Border Stato men, were op
posed to touching Slnvery. They seem to act
ns if the destruction of Slavery would be the
destruction of their party, and hence, if they
would save tho party, they must save Slavery.
What makes the action of these cravens more
contemptible, is, there are a fow who will be
disturlied by abolition in the District. It is
supposed, on good authority, that there are not
more than eight or uine hundred Slaves oimtxl
in the District, and about two thuds ot tuese
belong to rebel owners. These same owners
draw the wages of their Slaves, and devote them
to the interest of rebellion. It may be that the
opponents of this bill hate to have their old
friends so severely tested, for the owner of each
Slave who may be emancipated, is required to
swear, before he can obtain his pay for him,
that he has never by any means assisted in this
rebellion, and that tic always lias been, and at
the time of receiving his pay, it loyal. This rulo
will be applied to all owners, whether male or
The Republicans will of course carry this
bill through tbe House, and it will probably be
come a law without the aid of one Democratic
As far as tho votes of Northern Democratic
members of Congress is concerned, one can
scarcely get rid of the conclusion that they look
upon blavery ns not being the least guilty
aiding or abetting our enemies, shooting our
pickets or hanging Union men. They sustain
the Oovernment. Of course they do lAry dare
not do any Ming eUc but then as to touchiug
Slavery, they aro just as sensitive now as they
were four years since.
The enemies of Fremont are still on his track.
They were on his track from the moment they
heard that he would accept a command last
June. His first foes were treacherous Republi-
cans, ills next were lvniglitB ot the Uolilcn
Circle, who are West Pointers; and his last were
a new set of Repulilieana and Breckinridge
Democrats. This malicious horde pursued him
during the hundred days of his camaign in the
Western Department. Some of theio tried
thwart his success long before he had any idea
of their existance.
During the days of his suspension from com
mand, his persecutors thinking they had got
him helpless, let him nlnne, but just as soon
he takes the field they begin auew. It would
not be the least surprising if some of the lead
ers among them would yet be called to account,
lie knows them all.
During the last week the command of Gen.
McClclUni was cut down to a mere shadow
its former self, tho Departments of Generals
Fanksand McDowell having been taken from
From tho arrangements made, wo have every
reason to expect the capture nf Richmond before
the 20th of this month. The orders are so giv
en to both Gen. McClclIan and Gen. McDowell,
as to leave it open to them to prove by thecap-
ttiro of the rebel Capital which is the better sol
dier. Gen. MoClellan has much the best start,
having every thing necessary to completely
cauip an army of over one hundred thousand
men. lie nas ninety batteries or artillery
six euna in each battery the largest force)
artillery under any man that ever lived. Let
be patient till w see how lie uses it. General
McDowell, on the other hand, has not half
many men, has little sr no transportation,
he has two things which uen. McUIellan is
peeled not to have they are a good head and
It may be because Gen. McDowell is a Ruck
eye that I am partial to him. I will admit
1 know one thing ol mm; be is not a Knignt
the Golden Circle, aud I know that all last
and all winter he wanted to fight. He owes
enemy a grudge since the affair of Bull Run.
(Jive him a chance ana he win wipe out linn
stain. I ought not to call it a stain. When
the history of Bull Run comes to be written
out, it will be seen that our Buckeye General
did his work handsomely and well. The failure
lies at tho doors of other men, although he
had all the blame to bear.
Almost every branch of business throughout
the country has sent delegations to Congress
show what they suppose to be good and suffi
cient reasons why their branch of business
should not be taxed. But it is no use, every
thing aud every body will have to be taxed,
aiul to they thould. Is it not better to be taxed
to the amount of one fourth of what every
would make, and have peace and safety there-
wan, than it would be to have Uie tyranny
terror consequent upon such a slate of things
as the rebels wished to inaugurate?
. Had the rebels succeeded in obtaining pos
session nf the Government, they would
have sliapod the laws so as to impose upon
freo States all the burdens of a corrupt and
oligarchy, if not monarchy, making
nsat the North, while the slave States would
most likely left out, pay probably r much
to sustain our tyrant masters, than we will
called upon to pay under the torthcouiina-
With this fact before ns, we ought to face
tax cheerfully. By tbe aid of a good conhsca
tton bill to help ua start in tbe way or paying
ur national debt, and a few years of peace
enterprise, we shall soon be able to remove
our National ledger the vast amount of credit
which wa find enrolled there. Until this is
ws inusf economise, pay our taxes, defeat
ioism, help get rid of slavery, cease to do
and learn to do well. By these moans in
tliati no time we shall be better off as a nation
than we ever have been.
, Gen, Fremont. Tbe Cincinnati
mercial knows inoro than it thiols it
to loll of tbe movement of Gen, Fremont.
It save, bowever, tliat be is carrying oo
business of tho department with tbe utmost
euergv, aud that he will very sooo ca
from by tbe wbole country
Tennessee River Expedition.
From our Correspondent.
Letter from the 72d Regiment.
Letter from the 72d Regiment. CAMP SHILOH, PETERSBURG, Tenn., April 1, '62.
After several days of painful labor a name
baa been produced lor our Camp, which is giv
en above. It is undoubtedly of great antiquity,
and shows plainly that there are Bible renders
even In tha 72nd.
Wa are beginning to realign that wa are in
the "Sunny 8outh." Old Sol begins to pour
down his hottest rays upuu us, making the sha
dy side of a tent, tree or the like, much the most
bearable. The weather is quite Spring-like,
and littlo more cold need be looked for here.r
Vegetntion does not seem ta com forward as
rapidly as the warm weather would warrant one
to suppose it would. The trees have not yet
put on their livery of green, nor hag the grass
yet started but little.
So Fremont is assigned to active duty, and a
Department given him 1 This is the dawning
ef light from tha "Executive Mansion." Let
the country no longer despair, but rejoice in Die
certain crowning of success. Let us hoe that
the day of showy preparation, wonderful "strat
egy," "masterly inactivity," and general pros.
tration, is past. Let us believe that hereafter
our G()fl,000 brave troops are not to sap and ex
haust the treasury, and to sicken and die in
Camp, but to mora vpontfie enemy, and hastily
crush the rebellion. May the President ko on
with increased energy, and if he has not run at
the head of the different posts of the army who
trta not qo ahead and ao ometmia, let htm sus
pend those now there, and till their places with
better. We have had quite enough of "wonder
ful combinations and great strategy;" now let
us have a littlo of warfare in earnest. All un
der heavens that is necessary to crush the re
bellion is to cease inaction and go to tmrk.
Miserable partman, tory sheets may revile and
villify Fremont na much as they will, yet he
stands before the American people to-day one
of the ablest Generals, and most devoted pa
triots. Despite tho malignant attempts to im
peach bis administration of the Missouri De
partment, subsequent events hnve shown that
Fremont was right, able, and terribly in earnest;
that his plans wore tho bost. Let tho people
remember that the gnu-boats, which are such
objects of terror to the rebels, were especially
recommended -by Fremont, for which he was
bitterly assailed by his enemies. I hat the ter
rible mortar-boats, which are to be the chief re
liance in the opening of the Mississippi, were
authorised by Gen. Fremont. Let any man
tell, if he can, wherein Gen. Hallcek has not
followed out the plans and policy of Freuionr.
Let any candid honest man study carefully
Fremont's conduct, what ho accomplished and
under what circumstances, and then any if he
dare, that he ia unfit to lead nn army.
Vet I doubt not Mr. Lincoln will be bitterly
assailed by the treason sympathising press of
the land, fur giving him a command; and he
himself will be assailed witha malevolence un
worthy a demon, by a great part of the so-called
Democratic press. The same papers which
beslaver McClellan with prnises, and laud him
to the skies, for doing nothing, will fiercely hurl
their venom at Fremont, and denounce him in
the most unmeasured terms, because he mu go
ahead and accomplish something. Tbe nation
has had quite enough ot MeUlellan s l-tcuerai-Bhip,
which has cost tho Government vastly
more in proportion than did Fremont's manafre-
ment in Missouri, and all who are zealous
earnest in the Country a cause will heartily re
joice that Mr. Lincoln has at last severed
gordian khotol iinoeciiity ana mimes oeiay,
which so imminently threatened the absolute
ruin of the Nation. We will now see who are
the earnest patriots, and who ore with the reb
els; and whether the same sheets which are
malignant toward all criticisms of ilcClcllan
Generalship, will not from the start aousc ana
villifv the irallnut Pathfinder.
I am pained to record the death of a soldier
of the 72d. Loderic Miller, of Company A,
died night before last about 10 o'clock. He re
sided in Groton, Erie Co., O., where he leaves
an esteemed wife to mourn Ins death, xlis dis
ease was fever of a typhoid character.
Quiet reigns with this portion of the army,
though we know not at what time wo may get
the order to march. The rebels are reported
strengthening themsclvesat Corinth, and to have
"great numbers there, lhey doubtless want
to play their old game on us, ana Keep us uace
by reporting great numbers on their own side.
1 he rebels are reponea tiestroyinp tneir cot
ton in our advance to prevent its falling into our
hands. A few days since they removed the
cotton from a plantation not two mile outtide
our lines. Loes not this demonstrate tne ex
trKini. ,TiiMn.us niM frirhpnrmico practiced
our Generals toward "erring brethren," end
they Bhould deliberately firo a volley Into
house of a Union citizen, where was a defense
less family, which they rfirl the other day not
half a mile from our pickets, it only shows the
pacificatory results of our mildness towaraX
Friends and relations sending letters or pa
pers to us, should be careful and write their di
rections plainly, addressing: 72d Regiment.
V. I., naming the company, via. Louisville, Ky
Many a letter never reaches its destination, ow
ing to the bungling indistinct address put np
Uncle Peter is ready to start with the
Letter from the 49d Regiment.
CAMP STANTON, March 26th, 1862.
FaixMD Kxklu: Our friend and superior
officer, Lieut Tyler, has left us, havingbeen
as officer in the Quartermaster's Depart
ment at Nashville. He left us on the 20th.
We may not perhaps ace him again . until
meet on our way homeward. .'.We have parted
with a kind officer, a devoted friend, a jovial
companion, and an interesting person to those
who know him at horns. - - . .
Ere this, perhaps, yonr paper haa given
acoount of onr march : from Nashville to
present place of encampment, 37 miles South
from that city. As all persons duter in an
countof things,! will not hesitate to try
hand. The morning we left Camp Andy son
portended a storm, but it gradually disap
peared, and our Suuday was apeut on the
in an enemy's country. , lt as ao enemy
surrounds us, as it is apparent to au observer
existence itself. No friendly face greets us;
cheering for the dear old flag; no well wishes
for otir success. . No one fur the Union; but
neas depicted on the faces of some; tears eaura-
in down the cheek of a mother, wife or
. . , - i . rii
lor the lovea ones wno pernnpa n.w jo uiu
tbe hand of some on in theanuy they then
aa everv household which could contribute
a soldier to fiuht aeainat his country, bad
so. Gloom was seated on the leal urea ol others,
ntnranen-aed wttk liiMM of wrath and anger.
The familiar faces which greeted us was
black, ebony sons and daughters ol Atnca.who
flocked to the fences on every plantation to
"de army," in numbers varying from 5 to
This black line ol shade wast oaeu reuevea
tl.a tmnaiareut features of some dark eyed
latto. I will not speak of the habile of
race, or of its characteristics, as they have
commented on by many a writer, end read
th noininunitv. 1 am fast rooted iu the
atil.ur W llm alavos remain where
are. or if taken away sent to Africa. To
amearances they live a happy, contented
looking with dread only of being sold to
aa the cotton plantation inruir ouuiu,ut a
from their wivesor liltle ones.
It is no difficult job to notice the deteriorating
i cannot speaa oi us
have seen. That part of Tennessee whtrh
come under my observation, abounds In rich,
alluvial land, bountiful forests, relieved by hills
and fertile Valleys, dotted with handsome and
substantial buildings aud bearing tha evidence
of enterprise and industry; but as you probe
beneath the surface of outward appearances, you
cannot fall to be impressed with the idea that one
of the mighty wheels which move mankind, an
earnest and ardent desire on the part of man to
exert his own untiring energy in demonstrating
the principles of free labor is wauling, and per
sons who have no interest, pushed on only by
their master, control the labor. It is now no
wonder to me, that the South have been do
pendent on tho North fur most every articly of
use, from the costly furniture down to tho whip
stock and shoe peg.
It was with surprise they beheld us stretch
a rope across the river, and by means of a block
and pully make a boat run across without be
ing paddled. "There, I declarr.the Yankees beat
every thing for invention."
We have seen the cotton-fields and the stock
with the undeveloped pod still standing. They
Cull all of the stocks up, pile them in heaps,
urn them, aud plough their ground, plant their
seed, the latter part of this mouth or the first of
next one. In the middle of J une it is ready for
Our progress hna been stopped by the burn
ing of bridges. We did not wait for tho con
struction of one, but waded the stream, the cur
nmt being very swift. The other stream, Duck
river, is a little too large to try the experiment.
A bridge 320 feet long, and 60 feet high, expan
ded the streum, which had been destroyed by
the rebels on our approach. The 32d Indiana,
assisted by the other ilcinmcnts m Gen. John
son's Brigade, are rebuilding it. Lt. Kessler, of
Capt. Bartlett's Company, is detailed to aid in
its construction. On the other side of the river
is Columbia, a county seat of some note, con
taiuing a population of 5,000, with two large
hardware stoics, and an arsenal recently con
structed and ready for use, but was left by the
rebels. Columbia was the home or ex-Treat
dent Polk, and of the rebol General Pillow. It
has not yet succouied to Union rule, as we have
nnlv a few soldiers to cruard the town, and thev
heartily cheer for Jeff. Davis. It is a diflieuit
task to eradicate old prejudices, and this will
one of the greatest objects for the Government
to contend uizainat.
One ot tho irrentcst aepnvaiioiiswiiicn we re
alize, is not hnvine any reading matter. Our
mails have reached us but twice intcnortwelve
days, and in lieu of reading matter, we fall
reuduig our old letters, scraps ot paper which
we had considered old long ago, and which ser
ved us to wrap our Coffee and Sugar on
march. The news reached us through some
source, that Burnsidc gained a splendid victory,
and that Island No. 10 had been evacuated after
two day's hard fighting, and we had hardly
chance of feeling jubilant over it before we un
derstood the evacuation of Island number
was untrue. It seems, to sonic extent, that
are cut off from the surrounding world, which
we soon realize when placed three or four days
on short rations. But we have the pleasant al
ternative left us which is hope, the hojie that
intestine war will Boon cease, and that our
Country may soon prove triumphant. Oneday
a soldier mourns because he haa nothing to eat.
the next he ia perfectly contented, surrounded
with plenty. We may feel gratified iu having
so etticicni a uuartermasrer.
Company F, (Capt. Bartlett B,) is detailed
guard and control the ferry, as long as wa re
main here, and we are assured that every thing
will work well, as it is under the control of
vigilant Captain. The health of our Regiment
is excellent, and the boys feel the invigorating
uttectaof tho balmy days Of BpmvR.
The President's Resolution.
: Tbe voto in the Senate upon tho adop
lion of tho Prosidout's resolution, proposing
emancipation to tho States, was as follows:
Yeas Messrs. Anthony, Browning,
Clark, Chandler, Collamer, Davis, Dixon,
Dooliltle, Fessondcn, Foot, Foster, Grimes,
Hale, Harlan, Henderson, Howard, .Howe,
King, La no of Indiana, Lane of Kansas,
Morrill, l'omcroy, abcrman, Sumner,
Eyck, Thompson, Trumbull, Wade, Wilk
inson, W illey, Wilmol, and Wilson ot Mass
Nays Messrs. Bayard, Carlilo, Kennedy,
Latham, Nosmitb, Powell, Saukbury, Stark,
Wilson of Missouri, nnd Wright 10.
Tho affirmative volo is made up of twenty-eight
Republicans, ono Northern Dem
ocrat, (Mr. Thompson of New Jcfsey,)
Southern men, viz: Mr. Willey of Virgiuia,
Mr. Henderson of Missouri, and Mr. uavis
of Kentucky. - ,.
The negativo vote is mado up ot
Southern moo, and four Northorn Demo
crats, viz Mr. Wright of Indiana, Mr;
tham of California, aud Messrs. Nesmilb
and Stark of Oregon. .
'. The Republicans in both branches
Congress have voted solid for the resolu
K. G. C.
Tbo Cincmnali limes publishes a
tion of a correspondence, of which tbo
inal is in its possession, proving beyond
doubt tbe existence, a year ago or more,
an organization of the Kuiglits of the
Circle in Ohio. Tbe documents
of letters signed by Goorge Bicklcy,
known as the national leader of tbo
spiracy, and also commissions for Ohio
ns ouiccra in tue treasonable "Licgion.
These documents are in manuscript,
names, dates, dtc, completo, and sealed
tho seal of tho order. A representation
tho flag is also giveu. la ono lottcr
Baltimore. Bickley says that they
arms and ammunition, and men aro rapidly
coming in. .
The K. G. C.'S Again.
Tbe Detroit Tribune of Thursday
"We have in our possession, and will
lish in a few days, another' official
ment of the K. O. (J., with all the cabalis
tic cuts by which il is illustrated.'
document was sent to us by a leading
democrat oi tnis otate, to whom it
mistakenly sent, he not being the man
traitors took him for. .- This goptloiuao,
the letter enclosing this document, uses
following noble language:, '1 bave
been a democrat; never voted any
ticket in my life. I do not. tend yon
to assist you in building up the Republican
at the expanse of the Democratic party,
to aid in ferreting out tbe eueraies of
common country. - Ibis is the utterance
true patriot and Cbristaio gentleman.
', Washington, April 18.-Mr. Cyrus
Field arrived here this morning direct
London, and reports that the feeling
England and France is in favor of
couutrv and is daily increasing. It is
that Mr. Field brought with bim from
proposals from influential capitalists
to supply a very large amount of war
terial to tue t uned Diates, to De delivered
Y.R-d payable entirely in bond,
bas our goyeremeut, -
Beauregard's Plot to Assassinate the
The following ertiolo from tbe New York
Evening Post, furnishes strong proof of the
existence ot A plot on the part of the lead
iog traitor? to assassinate tho ProsideDt. All
tboir moveniontB in tho early part of tbe
rebellion indicated sucb purpose. There
is littlo doubt that it was their intention to
assassinate tho President on his route to
tbe capital. Failing in this, they formed
another plan to which the dispatch from
We have been shown a dispatch or mes
sage, in cipher rrom Ueaurcgard to some
Confederate in Washington, which in ad
dition to tbe ingenuity which characterizes
the cipher, contains intrinsic evidence both
as to its origin and the desperate means
proposed by tne rebel general for getting
possession of the capital, lt seems certain
that arson and assassination were compon
ent parts of tho chivalry of which we hoard
so much a year or so ago, and perhaps the
publication of such a despatch as this may
modify the tender sensibility of those who
adbore to tho kid-glove policy in dealing
with rebels who themselves stickle at noth
ing in prosecuting their traitorous schemes
The message, deciphered, reads thus:
"I shall cross tbe river above Little Falls
et 2 a. m. SiVnnl red and white rockets
from Turner's Hill. For God's sake don't
fail ns. Fire the city at all points areed
on at onco. Despatch Lincoln and Scott
as you suggest, and let tbe excutiou of our
plot be perfect. Beauregard."
The construction of the cipher ia which
tho interesting communication is made is
diflieuit of explanation, but simple in prac
tice. It consist in laying over a white
surface a piece of paper, on which is printed
the alphabet in various combinations and
in parallel lines covering tho entire sheet.
By perforating both pieces at the letters
needed to spell out such words as tho
writer wishes to use, tho white paper be
comes tin inexplicable medley of little holes,
useless to every ono who has not the cor
responding printed slicct to place under it
Of cotirso tho Confederate eonspirator has
only to fit tho whito paper sent him to the
key in his possession to read with facility
what his friends in Dixie would have him
know and do.
Wo may add, that tho message above
printed was found under circumstances
which verify it as authentic nnd eonuine.
It is in tho hands of a gentleman of this
city, and is highly prized as an important
link in tho chain of evidence which will go
to condemn t tic treason when History stiull
make up tho account.
Andrew Johnson and the Traitors.
Colonel Forney writes from Washington
to tho Philadelphia Press:
"Andrew Johnson is ns bold in denounc
ing treason in Nashville as ho was ia Wash
ington. He does not besitale, as some
our Northern politicians do, when seeking
to nnu tno aumors ct our calamities, in
I- .1, , , ..
leunessco no coma saioiv locate Ibis re
sponsibility upon the abolitionists and
Black Kepubhcang; ho could imitate the
Breckinridgers of Pennsylvania and other
freo states by criticising and condemning
ltepuUlican legislation. Disdaining all
such shallow tricks, however, ho tells the
rebels that it was not Mr. Lincoln and his
friends who refused nil compromise, but
tho secession leaders, and that theso latter
could have carried tho Crittenden proposi
tion if thoy had not persistently determined
to break up the government and to dissolve
tho Union. Whcu tho day of reckoning
comes, when tho public stewards go before
tho people to render an account, Andrew
Johnson s words will drivo tho plausible
falsehoods of the Breckinridgers away, liko
so much chaff driven by the whirlwind.
They will talk against the tax, against
itpublicans, against confiscation, aud la fa
vor of a dishonorable peace. Ho, and
millions who believe iu biro, will assume
high and manly ground that, as the
was begun by tbe rebels they must
made to feel the indignation of the Govern
ment llioy bave assailed, and tbat thev
no patriots who, in' their sympathy with
rebels, labor only to restore them to Dower
by embarrassing and misrepresenting
Administration. This will bo tbo ground
of Johnson nnd tbe honest masses of
The Widow and her Son.
A recent Washington letter relates-
following incident, which shows that deop
down in the heart of Secretary Stanton
there wells up a fountaiu of true manly
tenderness; , .- . ' -
About two weeks since a private in
of tho New York rccrimcnts was killed
while on picket duty at our outposts on
roiomac. ue was a young man, beloved
by hi companions, and the solo hope of
widowed mother. . When she beard of
death bIio hurried on here from Rochester,
uopiog, turougb tbe aid of the Uoverament
to have ber son's remains sent to her native
place. She found tbat it would cost
quite a heavy sum, and far more than
slander puree would permit. Disappointed.
and wuu ber cup or, sorrow now filled to
pletion, she was about to return unsuccess
ful, when an old army oflicor, Captain
volu-uteered to aid her throurh
letter to the Secretary of War. Mr. Stan
ton wa ao impressed with ber atorr
he immediately sout an order to tbe proper
officer, with instructions to bave the -
soldier disintared. properly coffined,
forwarded, with every memento of respect,
to his home, re. of charge, to the devoted
mother who bad ottered her all on the
of ber country. ,
Truth is Mighty.
6th of February Commodore
Foote captured Fort Henry.' In his
of the 13th the rebel editor of the Nashville
Christian Advocate wrote those discourag
ing words: ' ''It is not worth white to
ourselves or try to deceive others.
Hard fighting and endurance, not lying
bragging, are to decide tbe issue.''
they road this, the rebels immediately
preparations for the evacuation of Nafch
iHr,," ' ""' v ' '" "
The Rights and Duties of Parents and
read on the lots School Term,
Sub-District No 4. Green Creek.
Communicated for the Journal.
Tha rights of parents, and the rights of child- "
rrn involve the oaties of oach to the other, for if
the parent performs his duty to the child, it 1 -but
the child's right; and It Vs the duty of tbe T
child to yield the rights of the perrnt; tberefevre
if each does his duly to tbe oilier, s.Ji r ijl get
bis rights from the other. So in speaking of the
duties of parents, we speak also of the rights of
children; and in naming the duties of children,
ws only came the rights ef parents. ; .
Few parents fully understand the duties which ,,
they owe to their children; (ewes still ooinpra-;.
hend the Itnportauce of those duties. The young
mother holds In her anna her helpless iufant,
perhaps her first-bora.. She see the blue veins,
revualiug the mysterious life-tide through tha ,
almost transparent skin; she beholds iu first .
awakening thought sparkling in its eye, or melt- ,
ing there into tears; aba feels the gentle beat
ing of ita heai t, a heart uneontaruinatad by sin.
It is innocent; it knows nothing of the conflicts ,,
and iniaerios of lite; and the mother firmly re
solves, and the father assents, that so pains shall ,
be spared that are uesseasary to fit him fbr use- ,
fulueua to society and the world. They may do ,
all this and yet hare but a vague idea of the. t
great responsibility that rests upon them. ,
They have before them a being whose develop-f
mcnta niny yet aBtonif.li them; whose gatherings ,
of knowledge they can neither foresee nor cir- ;
euniscribe; whose acts may perhaps sway the .
destinies of a nation; and whose own destiny is
only known to the power that created him.
Tbe responsibility of fitting the child fur life
rests upon both parents, but more particularly ,
docs it rest upon the mother; for as her influ
ence at home is, so in a great measure, will be
the influence of her children abroad. Upon the 1
mother dependsthe future of her offspring. She
may bend their natural impulses to good or to .
evil; to good by directing their first actions into
a proper channel, or to evil by allowing them to
take vicious forms which may forever mar the
beautiful aspoct of humanity. Oh! what a fear
ful honor God has bestowed upon woman. It ia
hers to be tho guide of spirits that can never
die; to make tho first impressions on that which'
may become a companion of seraphs. Norie-
this all. It is through her instrumentality that
the world is made better or worse. How ins
portent then that she should know and feel tbe
gan mmense responsibilities that root upon her.
In the education of ber child almost tha first
duty of the mother is to teach it obedience, and
this is a matter ot great importance, jor 11 i
not taught this it will be almoet impossible to
tench it any thing else; and besides, an early
habit ol obedience to antnomy securea tne cduu
from a tendency to break the laws ol his coun
try when he becomes a man. Perhaps the most
painful duty a mother is called upon to perform,
is that of inflicting punishment upon her child;
and many a one shrinking from it when the lint
serious offense demanded it at her hands, has
greatly multiplied ita subsequent necessity.
Let a child be punished signally for its first
falsehood and it will have more influence in ea--tablishing
a character of strict veracity than all
the essays on the beauties of truth that have ev
er been written. It is hardly necessary for me
to add tbat parents should always speak with
sincerity and truth to their children. Children
naturally place entire confidence in their par
ents and tney should never be deceived even in
tbe most trifling affair, for if they find that they
have been deceived once they lose that complete
trust which is bo enduring in childhood. And
yet how often do parents deceive their children
for their own diversion; it is so amusing to see
what absurd things they will believe, if they are
only told that they arc true.
lt is a parent s duty to teach nis child to do
honest, and in order to do so be must be honest
with him. Suppose a child is allowed to call a
pet lamb or colt his. Ho looks upon it as be
longing wholly to himself; but the father sells
it and puts the money into his Pocket, thereby
outraging the rights of the child, and thereby
teaching him, it may be unconciousiy, a lesson
of dishonesty. In this way oftener than in any
other, perhaps, do pare n la violate the sense of
justice implanted in the breasts of their children.
And is it any wonder that tbe children of such
parents sometimes become the inmates of the jail
or prison. "Honesty is the best policy.". This,
though an old proverb, is not yet effete. It
teaches the chile! to be honest because there is
policy in it, and just as soon as he is convinced
that I here is policy in sotingdishoneetly, he will
do so. Childreu should be taught to be honest,
not because it is prudent, but because it is right.
and they should da that which is right from the
pure love of right - .
1 here are too many children sent into society,
merely whitewashed on the outside. That is,
they are allowed to grow up with very little cul
tivation of manner, intellect, or principle, until
they arc oblirred to take their position in soci
ety, and then they are simply covered with a
little outside polish; like articles ol jewelry
made of brass and covered with a thin coating of
gold. But, alasl with them, aa with the orna
ment, tbe washing soou wears oil and reveals
the true character of the article, and I niiirht
add, that like the brass jewel, they seldom de
ceive sensible people. , -
I'arenu should quality their children, as tar
as lies in their power, for any station in life in
which they may be placed, lhey should De
prepared to walk tha thoruy paths of adversity,
as well as Hie nowery paths ot prosperity; and
in order to be so prepared they must nave true
piety, so that thoy can say "Our Father," lov
ingly, filially, hopefully.
And what is the duty of children to their pa
rents? Do they not owe them much for all the
love, and kindness, and care which they have
given them? Can they repay them for all their
anxious watchfulness over their helpless infan
cy, in a whole lifetime of respect and lovel
Aud yet children grow impatient to throw on
parental authority even before the mother fully
realise that they can go to bed at night without
calling her to tuck them in snugly. But in all
the worm, tney can never mid a ueuer or a truer
friend than she who guided their first tottering
footsteps. r o matter how tullen or degraded
they may become, the mother slill loves, and
still prays fur the to- Nothing can make hor for
get or cease to love her child. The son, proud
in his new-fledged manhood, may turn contu
maciously from her, yet she still prays fbr his
happinesb; and when he comes back tired of tha.
world and heart-sick, she clasps bun to her bo
som, ouly remembering that he ia her child
come to her to be comforted.
The trneet gentleman is he who always treat
his parents with marked respect ' It does not
matter how old-faKhiooed tbey may be in dress
or in speech, he feels that to tlieia he owes ever
ry thing, ana he is not ashamed to acknowledge
it bv lit arts, even to his most fashionable ac
quaintances. There Is nothing which so crush
es the heart of a parent aa the consciousness off
having an undutifulchild. All other griefs sink
into insignificance compared to this. It is tr
more agonising than the grief for tha dead.
Tke mother feels, it ia true, whea her child ia
laid in the silent grave, tbat sha has buried her.
departed hopo. She shudders by her warm fire,
side, as the cold rain fallB, for she thinks of that
little form lying alone in its narrow bed, over
which the flowers may grow, aud th auuabuia
play; but never shall tbe sunrays stream tUra'
the curtains of that little bed, waking the sleep
er; and never again shall those little hands gath
er the pule wild flower. - But she is not without
consolation, fbr she knows her child shall never
know- sorrow or pain: and llinueh he mav not
cheer her last days on earth, she fools that he is
waitiug to welcome her at Heaven s pesrly gate.
Parents learn to think of thair dead children
with calm resignation, hat their hitter prirf over
a child that has tamed from their kimliHraa, alia-,
obediently and nngraterullyr aan never b aa
suaged. They reewember bow fondly they
watched over its helpless inbinoy, cheered thro"
all their trials by the thought that when they
were old their child would cherish and comfort)
thorn; but now he has killed that hope and lhey
can only bow their heads In the agony of prief.
Rut the child who it always kind and obedient,
blesses his parents and lays up for himself a
store of pleasant nietnories which shall cheer
hi ui through tha whole course ot his life. ' .
. Whtm you aland near tho giava of a (ruuut
whom you have sojutttruos wronged ilk thought
r in deed, bow hitter ate the tear you shed;
but hov much mora bitter will be the Wars with
which you miuciiiber au uukiudueoatoyour I,
ther or your mother. ,
Then Lty tip for yourself only phauant recol
lections, y being always km-1, obeditnt and
grateful to your paients; remuiuberii.g t'nat Uiis
u your duly to theui,Rnd tti.it "a wire sou inok
oth a glad fatlnv: b it a fnulinh sou m the btv.
mess of ais mother.'
March 28, 1862 S. V. D.
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