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tJCK.I.Atf0 ett EVEKETT,
Attorney and 0a m. lorn M Law, dnil Hnllritort In Chn
Mrj, will Atftnd to profrmintml bnttln fend Last
Offic -Mwod Htory Bach land's now Block, Fremont.
J. ORBIKBf jr. H. W. WIN ft LOW,
OKEEIVB V WIIVKIiOW,
Attornarlt ann" Connerttora, at Lit ana Rollc-ltora In Chan
r . aery, for Banda.kr ui aiholntnf Cenatlce.
6tl TTLKX BLOCK, front Rooms, op talra.
FREMONT, OHIO. Jm.IT.IWH.
Attorney and Counsellor at lw
Will attend promptly to all nualneae entreated tohieoare.
OFF1CR la Blrrhanl Block, front Street,
ttahr tn Rlroherd. Millar k Wlleen. Benkere.
Dpeelal attention firm to prc''fl Jna0?.!,!;. '
d-c-...o Holtltere. FBKMONT, Ohio.
March 14, 186'i.
, o. W. PiOB, .
AffOaNllT AT LAW,
INSURANCE AND GENERAL AOKNT,
CHrib Notarg J? n bite,
Gltdb, Sandusky Cocntt, 0.
AH butlnou intrusted to hi. cam, faithfully and promptly
V. I. KEIiliEY, M. D.
nA! onea-d an office In Bucaland'a NTW Block onno
ilta tha Cmirhan Houaa. lor tha nurooae of tiractlc
i u Medicine and 8ura;-rv, where h can bo found during
I'i- day, while not profe..tonally anirarad) and at night
at hla residence oa Main oirwi nearly oppoaite tna r pii'
copal Church. Aug. 23 18nl.
Dr. 3. If. Flll.t?rn, baring eatabll.hed hlmaelf for the
pureoea or practicing Homoeopathy ill thla placa and rl
cinltr. would re.pecirtilly announce to tha pnhllc that hla
Mr announce to the p1
aill enable thnae de.h
inr thmelvee of llomreopathle treatment, to rely with
aertalnty a pea prompt attention to their eella, whether In
er out of town.
TJr omee at hlnreetdanee, on the Turnpike, the Brat
heuee eaat of the OldCatholio Church.
N. B. Dr. P. payi particular atteptlpn to all forma of
chronic diaeaaea. Fremont, April 10, 1866.
ROBERT 8. RICK. ' JOHN B. BICE,
n. 8. RICH cV 80S
Physician. &. Surgeons,
Orrtea and Risioaiioa on Arch Street, near the Rail
May lo, 1847.
CONGER eV SHAW.
Dae. K. J. ConorR and H. M. Smw, harlng formed a co
part oerehip, for tha prartiea of Uentatry, are prepared to
do all work In their line with promptneaa and aatt.factlon
to all who mar need their aerrleoa. They are prepared to
net from a aingle tooth, to forming complete acta for np
par and lower jaw. Toetk Inaaraad en pivot or gold or
They would eajr that k t of the Teeth too the pre
aolnm at the late County Kalr.
f Orrirm Hi Ruckland'a Block, np-itaira.
Fremont, Oct, 23, 186.
gayg OF Tiffln, haa permanently located in Fre
ffffYlTii mnnt. After having had nine yeara ernerl
UxjjL anoe, he con.idera himaelf eompotent to carry
on the profeeeion, In all Ita rarloua forma and guaranteea
aatt.factlon In every caae.
OHIce In Hbomo'a block, formerly occupied by Dr. B. R.
Taher. All operatlona warranteou
Fremont, March 18, 1849.
C. It. ItlcCVIiliOClI,
Drugs, Modicina, Dye-Stuffs, Glass, Paints,
Oil., Book., Stationery, Glaal Ware, c, fee.
No. 3. Bucklsnd Block, Frkmont.
S. B UCKL AND,
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicls, Pninta, Oils,
Yarni.hea, Dye-Stoffa, Burning Flnld, Booka, Rtation
ery. Wall Paper, Fancy Qooda, Toya, Clgara, Chewing
Tebaeco, &e-, Ac, kc. So. 1, Buckland Bloek,
turara of Conner. Tin. and Sheet-Imi
Oealera in Stovea, Agricultnral Implement., Storea, Raga,
Wool, Hide.. Bheep-pelta, Old Copper, Old Store., Ac
All aorta of genuine Yankee Notion.. Peaao'a Brick
Block, No.l, Fremont, Ohio.
Be e ry i H o t e I.
(FORMERLY TUB OHIO BOUSI.)
A. J. BEERY, Proprietor.
THIS HOUSE, so long kont by David
Deal, haa been taken by the subaerlber and recently
refitted, Ac, and no paina will be .pared to make gueata
comfort. IJ while ataving with me. Oood yard for team..
Corner of Front and Garriaon atreete.
. . , A. J. BEERY.
Fremont, June l, UdO 45yl. '
' FREMONT, O. '
FRANK N. GURNEY, Rropriktor.
The Ckooii haa been pat In order and la now ready
for gneata. . ' ' 1 ''-( '
Gueata of the Rauae convoyed to and from the Depot
free of charge. March t, 1860.
(Fcrwurlt Uu Fremont Hum.)
Win. KESSI'EO, Proprietor,
CORNER Of PIKE AND FRONT STREETS,
Pauengera carried to and from the Ilouae free of charge
February M, ISM.
JOHN E RIGHTWELL,
IIottM aud Siga Painter, Gilder,
QravMt and Paper Hanger; JCahomin-
ing done to order, on thort notice. '
SHOP ia nCCKEYB BLOCK, np-atalri, oppoilte Roberta
Sheldon a tin .nop, i ncmun i, ee. Apm n.
And Inland Navigation Insurance.
Home Zniuranoe Company,
of Xew York, with a Capital and Sarplua ol f 1,500,000
J. Miltojt Smith, 5c'y. I Cnaa. J. Martim, Prtjt.
Join MoQki, Am t Stiff. A. F. WlLLiTH, V. Pntf.
ITrHILR the above Company haa onlr been In eal.t-
Yf enc about aeven yeara, yet It ranka aa one of THE
BEST iMaunavci CoMPAMna in Tea land. With a Urge
Capital, eacarcfg iawjf and aitrong Board of Office
who are devoted to ita Intereet, and a reputation for the
rnoarr nrmir er it Loaaaa, it eommenda itaelf
the eatilaaaca at thapablat.' - -
' Afrplieatlona reoeivea, and pollefea iaaued by
E. VV. B. McLELLAN,
Agent for Saadoaky Connty, 0.
Freaiont, June s, 1800.
A MB ROT YPES.
M. W. FITCH.
'fl.f . IV; tohlanumerouanatrona
'i ' '' atill MAKING Pro-
J. . tW r . inri r,.nil. tha. Ha
TURKS in the BEST
STYLE, and aa aa rea-
eonabla tema aa any aruat la town, lie baa
T Lately added a large Camera,
te hla .pparatuaoapaijla of taking amhrotype. direct from
lUiUUr. nearlror quite tbealaeofllfe. IT" Oil Paint.
ingl made from daguerreotypea or from life and wrntei
aaUKracMrf. . laatraetiana gives in it Buaiaea. :
ROOMS Over the Bank of Fremont, corner of Front
and crogoan airoeie. it. w . riTUH,
Fremont, March la, VSt. ' a
Fremont Livery and Sale Stable.
THE SUBSCKIBKH haa iuat eomole-
ata new urlca Btable, 114 by
on Front atreet, below the Croghan
e. and la now nutting in a large
numuer vi ue uea. nureea, wim new ano nanuaome Dug.
glee and Carrlagea, which he wUl let to the eitiaena
Fremont, oa Mora nauonable terma than any other Stable
Saddle Horses, , .
r Horaea wt(h Single ar Donbla aggtea m V had at
poara, oay or aiguw
have no Old Worn out Stock t
Horaea kept for an!, aad any pereoa wanting to pur
ee am a geoo animal, oan atwaya on. one lo .ult them.
14 or lea boardod ay tba day ar week oa reaaoneole terma.
w ookb, Agent.
Fremont, Eeb. 10, laAO-U. ..
A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
2 m. Tha free teat Invention yet ia a
Corn Planter & Cultivator,
aow oa exhibition, oa the corner, at Head Quartan.
Fatwtad by William f. Viber, AprU i, lboll.
raraaen, Meehanlce and othera can make It to their ad
vantage to go and eee U. Peraone wiahing to inveat ean
Bet da better than to buy State, County, or Townahlp
earWe to make er aell theae Maahlsea Nothing Invented
for ae laal tweuty yoaao will pay koUar.
Ki.lia'r Hlate, County or Kb-ipa, or afachiaoa oaa
laaa v wmiina vo ue raienvra, or to
OeeMeal Agent for the whole CaludStataa.
rremoat, Otale, Fe.J, laeX tf
ESTABLISHED 182. VOL. XXXIII.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO,
APRIL 25, 18G2.
NEW SERIES, VOL. X, NO. 10.
THE BELLWE FOIJNDERY
18 STILL IN OPERATION !
AM manufe-turln tha celebrated CURTIS IRON
BKAM FI.OW, which la not eurnaMcd by any caat
owmado. LONG'S IMPROVRfl, all .!.. CKNTKR-
LF.VF.R. or PHtaburg Plow, which for llrhtnraa of draft
cannot he heat. PLOW POINTS of nearly every kind In
aao. 8TKKI, I I.OWS nr tha celebrated Unflt niinn-
factnre, which drew the Ar,t premium at the Huron coun
ty (1801) Falr,aa a Prairie Plow.
Warranted .uperlor to any In nae. Dinner Bella, lo and
14 gallon Kettle.. Cider Mill Screw.. Coal Orate., a
nice article. Straw Cuttera. Root Cattera. Corn Plant
era, fcc, kc. Alio, a few tone aupetior Smltha' Coal.
Such ee Flnlahlng, Screw Cutting, Ac, kc done to order.
fy All work WARRANTED and done upon bonor.
Having had 2fi year experience In the bullneaa, I feel
eonfldeni of giving SATISFACTION.
Term Cath or Ready pay.
Prices to snlt the timet.
Bellerne, Ohio, Nor. 1, 1S01. 421
Tobacco and Cigars.
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
PPOSS has REMOVED bis TO
e BACCO STORE to
miCKLANIPS NEW BLOCK,
Opposite the Bank of Blrchard, Miller ft Co., where he
haa Htted up the neatrit eatabll.htnent thatean be found
In the Weat.
I am tnanufaetnrlng Cirara from the verv BEST
SPANISH TOBACCO, and every man who lovea a
good Cigar ia 1. invited to call and try one. Sold at
Wholeaale or Retail, and at lower ratea than can be bought
elaewhere. All kinda of Chewing and 8moking Tobacco
eent on nana. r. russ,
Fremont, July 19, 1861 tf.
OHIO COLLEGE OP TRADE.
110, 173 Summit tureei,
Thi. College la designed to afford a THOROUGH COM
MERCIAL KOUCATION. and bring Young Men Into an
acquaintance with a knowledge of the Practical Detallaof
particulara, addreaa, V. CHKOOKV, Prea't,
Sept. 6, 186L. goyl TOI.XOO, O.
u.inem, aa wen aa counting llnuae nntiea. r orturtlior
DRALia iir s
Foreign and American Narljle!
Croghan Street, one door weat of tha Tyler Brick Block,
tnd all kimiii of Marble work exwmtd In tha ntat.
ant, and ami-t Unteful manner.
Ortlerd are renpectfullj solicited, and all work warranted
Fremont, January, 1862.
O. B. Heller.
(Succecnora to Smith ft Heller.)
IForeign and American
fjT W. guamtee to pleaae or no charge.
Shop at the old atand on Croghan Street.
Fremont, 0. May 80, 186L
CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE In
surance COMPANY, Hartford, Connecticut.
Acquired Capital of over .. . . $3,500,000.
HOME FIRE AND INLAND NAVI
GATION INSURANCE COMPANY, of New York.
With a capital andiurplm of ? l,S0O,OOO.
CONWAY FIRE INSURANCE COM
PANY, of Conway, MaaaacbaaetU.
With a capital and aurplul of over $350,000.
The above are reliable Companion, well worthy the con
fidence of all peraona doairlng firat elaaa inanranoo on
their liroa or property.
Losses promptly paid.
R. W. B. McLELLAN, Agent
Fremont, Jnne . 1oo.
Hare MOVED their Branch Market from Front Street
their Old Stand on the River in the
Rear of D. Betts & Co's Store,
and are prepared to furnlak all the Tarietlea of Meat oaa-
ally kept lo the market; auca aa
SALT AND FRESH MEATS,
OrthebeatqaaHty, will at all times be kept on hand, and
no enort tparva to pi ease ail. v annera ana omen nTins
fat eaule, aheep and hofrs, an requested to give aa aoall
befurediDoalna ol them.
The public ean alwaysbe accommodated with the Cholo
ect mente by ealllng at oar Hbop. '
X7T UeaU delivered to any part of the town, when
ursirvu, wiiixmv extra rnnr.ee.
Fromnnt, June 14, lHAl.
NEW MEAT MARKET.
(OPPOSITE THE BEERY HOUSE.)
THE nnderalimed have opened on Front
Street, right oppoeite the Beery Ilouae
Where they will keep the beat of Freeh Moat a, audi
BEEF, VEAL, UVTTOlf, LAMB, POKK,
for Bale every morning (Sundaya excepted)
FOR 0A8H ONLY,
at 4 to 6 oenta per pound, and eat aa you want
. CornM Reef and Salt Pork alao for gale.
Farntere having good fat atock, (none other wanted) ean
aell to aa by calling at our Market tlonae.
A. TRAVIS at CO.
Fremont, Aug. 23, 1801. Ktmno
Do You Want a Farm I
CALL ON BUCKLAND fc EVERETT,
Fremont, Ohio. They have for aale among.t other
landa, the E. H, Bee. 7, T. a, R. la, eoataluiog 829 aoree,
known aa the
Wilkes' Farm, on Oreen Creeht
about three mllea eaat of Fremont, which will, If offer,
euit, be eold in 10 acre lot or altogether aa purebAeera
Alee a 90 acre aad a 2S acre tract Bear the name,
aill be eoparately eold. For lurther particular! apply
We omoe of the unaemgneo. at remona, u.
BUCKLAND At EVERETT.
Auguatt, 180 91 wd.
Itollersvllle, Sandusky County,
rIE enbaerUier would raanoetfally Inform the public
that be baa put thla mill ia tip top running order,
and ia prcpered to grind
Wheat, Corn, Buckwheat, Bye,
AHD ALL OTABR CUSTOM WORK,
Ia tha VERY BEHT STYLE, ff Perfect aatlafaetion
Warraated with every anaa'a griat.
No Bettor Float ean be wade at any mill In the aouutry.
Lath and Seasoned I-umber,
Conatantly kept oa head
At my Saw-Mill Yard.
Billa tiled to order aad oa abort aotlee at reasonable
term.. t, fj, IM,
Rollerarille, Jan. IT, 181, lnr
Washington Correspondence of the Fremont Journal.
Letter from Washington.
WASHINGTON, April 15, 1862.
Ma. Eiutor: In my last letter, I exprefvtod
tlie opinion that Slayory would b aliolislicd in
Ihia Diatriet, probnWy williout the aid of ono
Democratic rote. In thin I wn not quite riglit
Three Democratic tolua were given for the bill.
Two of thene votes were from New York, and
the other from Rhode Island. The New York
members were at Manaaoas and Centrcvillo im
mediately after the evacuation of theae places by
the rebels. They law (luring that visit enough
of the institution and its consequences to effect
ually wean them from it. The Rhode Island
member is under the influence of a good con
stituency who are daily becoming more anti-
slavery from the significant teachings of the
I need scarcely say to you that the Republi
can members feel proud of the small job of
emancipation which has just passed so success
fully through their hands.
The principal bill now before the Senate is
the confiscation bill. It would soon assume a
satisfactory shape, If it were not for the ever
lasting negro interest. This is the point on
which there will be most debate.
To touch the netrro of a rebel, even if said
rebel is in the field, to some weak men among
the Republicans is a sore temptation. It mat
ters not what i done with the real estato and
the other goods and chatties, but the moment
the proposed law squints toward the negro, all
No later than yesterday, I henrd a Republi
can Senator tell a captain of Artilery, that he
had "a constitutional objection to touching any
body's nigger." This man was supposed by
those who sent him here, to be a sound Repub
lican. Thoro are nearly half a dozen such in
The tax bill, as it passed the House will go
through the Senate with but little alteration.
By the time the first of Juno comes, there will
be a deficiency in our Inst year's expenses of
thirty millions of dollars. Five hundred mil
lions were appropriated to defray the current
expenses of the fiscal year. But that sum proves
to be thirty millions too small. Just think of
that, ye tax payers, and then scream, "hurrah
for McClellan, who has had control of nearly
half your army for the last nine months, and
has done nothing with it but capture an empty
The old war cry, "all is quiet on the Potomac,"
has passed away, and a new one is about to be
adopted. "All is quiet at yorktown," will bo
the next one. The rebels will not let this one
be sung as long as the Inst one was, if we can
place any dependence in what they say. They
claim that they are getting our troops into just
the place where they want to have them, but
thoy have played bluff so often that it seems as
if no one can be fooled by their statements any
more, yet we see the McClellan nanors are nt
work building up fortifications and multiplying
uicuuciuy usi un inej uia at ienircvtlte.
From this wo may infer that all will be quiet
at Yorktown for quite a time.
Thissame game of biuff was well played in
the West, where Buell. with his sixtw thousand
men, was held in check fourmonthsby fourteen
thousand rebels. I do believe that none but a
man educated at West Point could be so de
ceived. Another West Point scholar wanted
two hundred thousand men to keep the rebels in
Kentucky from taking that State. They must
cttlltvato the imagination at a dreadful rate in
that same MtliUtry Academy.
II must De a source ol great nlensure to the
numerous inencls 01 Hen. AlcUlelJan, to lately
team uie men esteem in wnicli lie is held n
Richmond. A man is in nearly as much dan
ger there to say a wol d against him as he would
be in some of the Northern eitios. The rebels
have good cause to think highly of him.
in my last letter, l wroto you ot the cood
prospect there was for the capture of Richmond.
Since then that whole plan has been counter
manded, so tbat now it looks as tlioueli the reb
el Capital is not in as much danger of capture
as it was when I last wrote you.
I lie Department ol me Kannahannock which
was placed under Gen. McDowell, has been re
constructed, and Gen. McDowell sent elsewhere.
Gen. Itanks instead of keeping to the valley of
the Shanandoah, is winding his way through
the recent Department of Gen. McDowell, and
heading his army towards tho Rappahannock
River, just as if he were going to take a position
between this city and the rebels, so as to be
ready in case they should make any sudden
move in the direction of Washington.
The effort of Vallandigham to galvanize life
into the defunct Breckinridire Dartv seems to
have subsided; or if any thing is done in that
direction, it is done very quietly.
The Pacific Railroad bill is attracting con
sidcrable attention in the House, and will pro
bably become a law. Something must lie done
for the West, for the most of ourarmy who pass
through here declare their determination to come
back and settle here when peace is established.
This, I learn, is greatly the case all through the
Border States; hence, the prospect is, that emi
gration will be South instead of West, unless
the Railroad bill goes into effect to counteract
the rush or our soldiers to the South in search
of new homes. . . . ...
- Tha Committee on the conduct of tha War,
will have their report on the barbarity of the
rebels to our wounded and dead, in the hands
the printer before the week is out. When it is
published, the world will see what demons Sla
very can make of men who pretend to have been
under tho influence of the Gospel and civiliza
tion. The man nr woman who can read it and
not curse the authors and abettors of this rebel
lion, both ia their State and out of it, will show
that they have but small hearts and no curse at
all in them.
Strong fears are entertained by many very in
telligent gentlemen tint tne President will veto
the Emancipation bill of this District. It
uot yet signed. A messenger from Kentucky,
by the name of Lucas, a former Postmaster
the House and also a slara-holdor in this Dis
trict, came by authority, and stated that he was
authorized to say, should the Emancipation bill
oi tins District nocome a law, tne Kentucky
troops in the field would throw down theirarms.
In other words, the United States must not do
what it pleases with ita own, tiulcsa leave
granted by the State of Kentucky. This is
fair specimen of the present Border State ar
You will searoely believe me, when I say this
my pteca ol southern dictation haa in good
earnest alarmed the President. Jt would not
be at all strange if the hill, under these circum
stances, were vetoed. There are good members
in the House who would carry it through over
the veto; I am sorry to nay it would be apt
A Sick Rebel.
A letter found in one of the Confederate
mail bags at tha New Madrid surrender,
from a Colonel to Ibe Hon. A. M. Gentry,
of Texaa, indulges in the following dispair
ing allusious to the Rebel cauM:
. l tell you, Colonel, that there, u no use
in further resistance. We have neither tha
men nor tne means to carry on toe war.
Our troops are utterly demoralised and
heartsick and homesick. My reiriment has
not been paid it cent in five months, and to
day I, who you know am worth, in ordinary
times, one hundred thousand dollars, am
obliged to borrow the price of the postage
on this letter. How ean men be expected
to tight under such cucumstaoces f
A War Incident.
The Washington correspondent of the
Independent rotates tho following touching
A few dsys ago, a New York soldier, an
officer in our volunteer army, camo into
Washington with the dead body of a com
rade, who had just expired in ono of our
regimental hospitals across the Potomac.
The dead soldier was a young man and
the only son of a widow. I have not al
luded to tho case on this account, for many
widows have given up their only song for
this war; but to mention an affecting inci
dent connected with it. Tho officer who
had tho body in charge seemed lo bo deep
ly affected ; in fact was so overcome
by bis sorrow, that a few strangers
gathered round him at the railway ter
mininus to ask the story of his comrade,
now sleeping in death. "It is no new
story," said he, "that I have to toll you.
He was tho only boy of a widowed mother,
and the favorite of his regiment. Every
body loved him they couldn't help it;
and among his townsmen who knew him
and his mother there was scarcely one who
would not have risked his own life for sake
of tho widow and her boy. When he was
first taken sick, ho bad a great aversion to
taking medicine; but as he grew suddenly
very ill, tho stirgoon, who was kind and at
tentive, promised him, if he would take the
medicine proplly, ho would obtain a fur
lough for him, so that tho moment he was
ablo to travel, he should go homo, to bo
cared for by bis mother. Very scion there
after the soldier became wildly dolirious,
in which state he continued to the last; but
ho never for a moment forgot tho promise.
He did not know one of his friends, but no
matter how violent he was, tho moment
the surgeon offered him medicine, ho bo
came as gentle as a woman, bonding eager
ly torwaru lo take it. liven when he was
dying, and tho surgeon wished to relieve
him of bis agony by opiates, ho took them
with a contented smile upon his face ! To
the very last it was evident that the idea
of going homo and of obtaining tho fur
lough through good conduct in taking
medicine, never Ictt him. ' llo has return
ed lo his home, and the sods of his nativo
valley cover him, and tho widow's cottage
The Charge of Cowardice.
The Columbus Journal of tho l7lb, has
tho following in regard to the chargo of
cowardice against certain Ohio Regiments:
We were favored last evening with a con
versation with Lieut. L. Starling Sullivant,
of this city, who has just returned from the
battle bold at rittsburg Landing. Lieut.
Sullivant has been connected with tho Ord
nance Department of the U. S. Army for
some time past, and was stationad at Pa
ducah. He went up the Tennessee river in
the discharge of his duties, nod arrived at
Pittsburg Landing during the battlo. He
says tho fight was a most terriblo ono, aud
that our loss was very heavy.
The report of the cowardice of several
Ohio regiments, started by the correspond
ent of the Chicago Tribune, and which was
made up by that individual no nearer the
battlo-fiuld than Cairo, he says, is a most
unfounded falsehood. The throwing away
of arms, and general panic, ho puts in the
samo category. The 53d, 56th and 77th
Regiments did fall back hastily, along
with the troops from other states, including
some from Illinois; but it was when thoy
were outflanked and almost surrounded,
neither did thoy throw away thoir arms.
The same "panic" which caused tho Obio
Regiments to "fleo in disorder, caused
some of the gallant friends of tho Chicago
lnbvnes correspondent lo leave in an
equally hasty manner. His report of tho
battle was not written even as near tho scene
of battle as the "reliable correspondent" of
the London Times wrote his description of
the battle of Bull Run, and is equally worthy
of belief. So much for that attempt to
disparage tho bravery and patriotism of our
gallant Ohio boys.
We nave nothing to say against tho val
or of the Illinois troops or any others they
are heroes, and wo believe they did their
whole duty during tho fearful carnage; but
the lists of the killed and wounded of tho
Ohio Regiments show that they suffered
equally with those from any other State.
All honor to the glorious dead and gallant
Importance of Huntsville.
Some fears have been expressed that
Gen. Mitchell may not be ablo to bold
Huntsville and that the overpowering rebel
forces may be thrown upon him before he
can be reinforced. Those who best know
the sound judgment, sleepless vigilance, and
untiring energyof Gen. Mitchell, entertain
the fullest confidence in tho wisdom of his
sudden movement on Hunlsvillo, and bis
ability to meet any emergency. The Bal
timore American thus speaks of tha impor
tance of the acquisition :
Huntsville, the metropolis of North Ala
bama and the residence of much of the
wealth of that section of the South, is a
very important acquisition to tho National
troops, as it cuts in two at another point, the
Memphis and Charleston railroad, and is
the seat of a largo cotton trade. It was
one of those places that came into the re
bellion very reluctantly, some of the most
prominent and determined Union men hailing
from there. Its capture settles tho fate
of all Middle Tennessee directly north of
it, and insures easy communication with
Columbia, the old residence of President
Polk, now held by the Ueion forces. "
"By telegraph dispatch, it will be seen
that Gen. Mitcholl has taken Stevens' Junc
tion and Decatur, and now holds possession
of 100 miles of the Memphis aud Charlcs
tou Railroad. Cinctauaci Gazette.
Increase of Free Blacks.
A correspondent of the Evening Post
speaking of the increaso of free blacks in
Maryland, gives the solution by saying that
for the last forty years, and more especially
in the last twenty, slave men have Bought
out free colored women for wives, for the
reason that their progeny is free, as it fol
lows the mother, according to the maxim
of the Roman law. This is a gradual
mancipation which w being worked out
by the blacks themselves.
Air, Sunshine and Health.
A New York merchant noticed, in the
progress of years, that each successive book
keeper gradually lost his health, and finally
died of consumption, however vigorous and
robust ho was on entering his service. At
length it occurrod to him that tho little
rear room where the books were kept
opened in a back yard, and was so surround
ed by high walls tbat no sunshine came
into it from ono year's end to another. An
tipper room, well lighted, was immediately
prepared, and his clerks had uniform good
health ever after. A familiar caso to gen
oral rcadors is derived from medical works
where an cntiro English family became ill,
and all remedies seemed to fail of their us
ual results, when accidentally, a window
glass of the family room wasbrokon in cold
weather. It was not repaired, and forth
with there was a marked improvement in
the health of tho inmates. The physician
at one traced tho connection, discontinued
his medicines, and ordered thnt the window
pane should not be replnccd.
A French lady became ill. Tho most
eminent physicians of her time woro called
in, but failed to restore her. At Icre-th
Dupeytren, the Napoleon of physic, was
consulted. He noticed thnt she lived in a
dim room, into which tho sun never shono;
the liOUSO being situated in one of tho nar
row streets, or rather ianes of Paris, Ho
at once ordorcd more airy or chocrful
apartments, and all her complaints vanish
ed. Tho lungs of a dogbecomo tuborcula-
ted (consumptive) in a few weeks, if kept
confined in a dark cellcr. The most com
mon plant grows spindly, piilo and scrag
gling, if no sunlight falls upon it. Tbo
gratost medical names in France, of tho
last century regarded sunshine and pure air
as equal agents in restoring and maintain
ing health. 1 rom these facts, which can
not be disputed, tbo most common mind
should conclude that cellars, and rooms on
tho northern sido of buildings, or apart
monts into which tho tun docs not immedi
ately shine, should never bo occupied as
family rooms or chambers, or as lihrnrios
or studies. Such apartmei.ts are only fit
lor sto'agp, or purposes which never require
persons to remain in them over a few min
utes at a limo. And every intelligent and
humane, parent will arrange thnt the fam
ily room and tho chambers shall bo the
most commodious, lightest and bright
apartments in bis dwelling.
The Politics of Gen. Sigel.
We bavo been under the impression
that Gcu. Sigol, bad formerly been a Dem
ocrat, and have hitherto spoken of him un
der that impression. In his caso wo have
acted just as wo have in reference to all our
commanding officers, we have not been in-
tliienced in our utterances, with reference
to them, ono way or tho other, by the fact
of their having boon Republicans or Demo
crats. Hut in the caso of Gen. Sigol, it
would soem by tho following which wo clip
from toe JNow iotk Tribune of Saturday,
that his politics bad been mistaken:
A correspondent assuros us that we have
done Gon. Sigol injustice in assigning him
to tho Democratic party. He calls himself
a Republican, and has always acted with
tho Uobublican party, being too good and
consistent n Democrnl to have anything to
do with those who only call themselves by
a name, tuo principles or which they don t
understand, or don't believe in. Of course,
knowing this now, wo honor him all the
moro as a man, hut not a whit more as. a
brave soldier. Wo never inquired, and we
never cared for his politics, appreciating
and thankful for his military skill, his ex
traordinary bravory, and his unswerving
fidelity to his adopted country.
The Rebel Generals have had a bard time
of it during tho war. Garnott was killed
at Carrick's Ford ; Burton and Bee wero
killed at Manassas; Zollicoffar was killed
at Fishing Creek; McCulloch, Mcintosh
and black were killod at Pea Kidge; A.
Sidney Johnson was killed at Pittsburg
Landing; P. St. George Cook killed him
solf at Richmond ; Tighlman was captured
at Fort Henry ; Buckner was captured at
fort Lionelson; Hustirod Johnson was cap
tured with Buckner, and violating his pa
role, escaped, and is now renorte killed at
Pittsburg Landing; Mnckall, Gnntt and
Walker wero taken at Island 10; Floyd
and Pilllow are suspended in disgrace, for
running away from Fort Donelson; Twiggs,
Knunlleroy, Jackson and Bonham resigned:
Cannon at Columbus.
Columbus, Ky.f has been left in a de
fenceless condition since tho rebels ran away
from it bag and baggage, but is to be so
no longer. Sixty cannon are being mount
ed there by direction of uen. Strong, and
in a tiiori tune it win no as lormiuublo a
position for the rebels to contend against
as tuey so long hold to contend with.
The Fatality among our Officers at
Pittsburg Lasdino. A dispatch to the
St. Louis Democrat savs:
Rebel prisoners say thoy had orders to
kill as many many of our offcers as possible.
1 heir wncers fought in disguise, ours in
their uniforms, which wasthecaugo of their
boing distinguished and so many of them
Angels of Mercy.
A letter from Pittsburgh Landing states
that such is the term applied to the Sani
tary Committees, physicians and nurses, by
the brave soldiers whose wounds have been
dressed and sad condition cared for by the
good Samaritans who flocked to (ho sccno
of distress from all portions of the West.
At one time thoro were over twenty steam
boats at tho landing bcaring'pooplo vicing
wun eacn oiner id doing good. The woun
ded and sick bnve all boon rcmovod (o well
prepared Hospitals or their homes, and Gon.
llallcck has telegraphed that nothing more
need L seut to i'ltlsburg Landing.
The Springfield, Mass., Republican learns
from high authority that Gen. Hunter, the
new commander of the Southern Depart
ment of South Carolina and Georgia,
ready and will assume the responsibility
enrolling in the Federal army all loyal citi
zens of all portions of tha invaded territory,
tshetktr whits or black.
"An Absurd Plan."
So says the Now York Leader, and o
say other conservative Democrat journals
which are fearful that the Corning-Vallandigham
Conference a Washington will lead
to a reconstruction of tho Democratic party
as it existed previous to tbo Charleston
Convention. That is what the people be
lieve. The conclusion is unavoidable, for
the cloven foot appeared in tbo resolution
and in tba presence of the notorious Vall
andigham, With what prcntctico lo truth
can the Atlas & Argus, and its followers,
affirm that tho purpose of this meeting was
other than tho organization of a party on
tho old basis Slavery being the chief cor
nerstone? "Oh, no," say tho conspiators; "oh, no;
it is not politic to draw party lines. We
want a great Union-saving, Conservative,
National, Democoalic party. That is what
wo wish to organize."
"But what about Vallandigham f What
about tho cloven foot f"
"Oh, that is a Republican lie. We want
no party lines. Wo are for a groatNation
nl, Union, Democratic party."
"Is Vallandigham to load ll! What
about that and the resolutions in substance
declaring for tho perpetuity of tho institution
"Iuat is a Republican lie. We want to
form a groat National Union Democratic
party" and so the conspirators go on, ans
wering tho Leader and their hesitating
Democratic friends who are not willing to
bo sold, with sky-rondering clamor about
tho Union and conservatism. 1 heirs is
the weakest of all weak dovices. Tbcy
seem to bo blinded in thoir eagerness to re
construct a party and do not appear to know
that the cloven foot is in sight below the
rags of their beggarly covering. Very
strange notions they entertain of conserva
tism, these patriots as any ono may see
who will run through tho files of the Atlas
fc Argus for a year past.
It is impossible to restore the Democratic
party to power upon a platform disconnect
ed from Slavery. Tho party relics upon its
devotion to Slavery for all its success in the
future, for it is very well known that suc
cess depends on its nbility to rally tho ex
tremists in the South to its aid, with tho
help of Vallandigham, on a pro-Slavery
platform. It has already been declared to
them, through Vallandigham, who is an ex
treme pro-Slavery man, that if they will
join forces with tho conspintors, nil projects
tor emancipation shall be opposed, and that
not even tho plan suggested by the Presi
dent shall be entertained. Tho Union men
in the South who may think well of tho
project for tho emancipation of slaves by
tho Slates in which Slavery exists are to be
put down by this Great National, Conser
vative, Union, Democratic parly, and Sla
very established forever. Is not this what
the Washington conference declared thoueli
Vallandighiim when it made opposition to
the f residents plana doctrine of tbo pro
Can this dead body live again, clothed
in its old grab 1 Let thoso who fought at
Pea Ridge, at Donelson and at Corinth ans
wer. Khali wo again place Slavery in pow
er ! iNot until the memory of tho ureat re
bellion fades from the memories of men.
The Reconstruction of the Military Departments.
Tho order of Secretary Stanton, still fur
ther narrowing tha jurisdiction and auth
ority of Gon. McClellan, and giving, in of
fect, tho chief command to Gen. McDowell,
in the ndvnnco to Richmond, surprised no
ono here who had any familiarity with the
causes rendering that result inevitable. It
is a great event, and will tell powerfully
upon our military future. Tho army of tho
i otomac now becomes three separare ar
mies, or columns, each looking Richmond-
ward. One, under McClellan, comprises
the corps of Keyos and Iloiutzelman, and
its sphere of oporalions is definitely pointed
out in tho Secretary's order, designating the
limits of the now military departments.
The'second, under McDowell, embraces tho
corps of that General and of General Sum-
er, (nine divisions, McClellan having but
eight,) with territorial limits including tho
District of Columbia, part of tho wostern
bank of tho Potomac, (from Harper's Ferry
to Acqtiia creek.) and tho entire eastern
bank of that river, from the same starting
point io mo iuesapcake uay. a do De
partment of Gen. Banks include the Valley
of Virginia, and his command the corps pre
viously under him.
. It will thus be seen that McClellan has
now but two of tho five corps lately com
prising his command, and considerably less
than half of the great army which he has'
left here in idleness for tho last six months,
at an expense of nearly or quite two millions
a day. His field of active works is still
more inconsiderable, boing merely tho little
triangle, of which one angle is at Richmond,
and of which the three sides are, the fred
ericksbiirgh and Richmond railroad, the
James river, from its mouth to tho bogus
rebel capital, and tho eastward limit of tho
Potomac .and the seaboard. He has no
longer a place at Washington, or any con
trol over the destinies of the national Capi
tal, so long blockaded by bis permission.
Tho revolution of affairs, ia this particular,
by an Administration whose patience he
has exhausted by a long serieg of broken
promises and frivolous excuses, is thus com
plete. All the people, will say amen.
x obktown. i orkiown is situated on
tho right bank of tho York river, seventy
milos from Richmond. It is an old town,
settled in 1705, and now has about fifty
bouses. It was tho theater of one of the
most important events in American history
the surrender of Lord Cornwallis to Gon-
eral Washington, which oecured on tba 19tb
of October, 1781. ' The rebels aro reported
to have erected strong fortifications along
the river banks; the works at Gloucester
Point, opposite Yorktown, are represented
particularly to be very formidable.
"There, now," cried a little girl, while
rummaging a drawer in a bureau, ".hero,
now, grandpa bas gone to Heaven without
A Prophecy Fulfilled.
President Lincoln, ia the peroration ot
his Inaugural Address, delivered -on tl
th of March, 1881, gave utterance to thoso
prophotio words: 1 ;
"The mystic coll of mmorv. stretching
from tvtry battlefield and patriot grant to
every uvivg ncari ana Hearthstone, oil over
this broad land, will yet snell the cords of
Union when again touched, as surly theu
will be, by tin better angels of our nature,"
Truly and eloquently uttered 1 The pre
diction has been fulfilled the things spok
en of has come lo pass. And yet it sound
ed then liko the vain babblings of enthusi
asm. The most prescient men ouu'ht in
vain signs of the coming popular Revolution.
The public mind was abandoned to the in-
tensest lethargy, lue public heart beat
faint and languidly. All tho pulses of life
throbbed sluggishly and uncertainty. Tho '
shock of tho ihe rebellion seemed to bave
stunned the nation. Timidity, indecision,
placid despair, seemed to have thoroughly
possessed the popular mind. The fatal her-'
esy of "Peace" appeared to have sealed all
the springs of action. Statesmen wero
stricken with moral paralysis. Sages were
dumb in tho presence of the overshadowing
crisis. I be masses, grouping in darkness,
cried in vain for light to guide there un
Nor wns this the worst, ibe weight or
authority was against coercion. It was.
demonstrated that we bad no right, under
the Constitution, tosave tht country! The
knifo of tho assassin was at our throats;
but wo aro told wo must Dot arrest tha
murderous hand, lost in so ioiu" we violat
ed Constitutional obligations. The atmos
phere, was saturated with secessionisn).-
Treason stalked unchallenged, through our
streets at noon day, - State Conventions to
sympathise with the rebels, to promise
them "aid and comfort," to assure them
they were in tho right, to denounce, "coer
cion," and threaten a "counter revolution at
home," were held. Bands of ruffians to as
sist traitors in arms wero being drilled in
our larger citios. Our workshops our
foundries our arsenals our powder miles
wero busy forging the impIimenU of war
with whichato strike down the Government!
Ship loads of munitions for rebel eampa
wero dispatched from -Northern ports, in
broad day, under tba eye and sanction of
federal officials; and when a Superinten
dent of police bad the temerity to seize a
few boxes ot arms ordered by the rebel
Government, tho Mayor of'a Northern city
sent n dispatch to one of tha chief conspira
tors apologizing for the act, disavowing tha
"outrage," and promising tbat it should not
bo repeated I .
Social life was tainted to the core with ,
tho virus of Secession. It became the fash
ion of tho day to pooh-pooh at "Coercion."
Apologies for 1 reason became a part of the
stock in trade of club and bar room talk.
Contrasts between Jeff. Davis and Mr. Lin
coln in which the former was panegyrized
as a Statesman and the latter derided as a
clown wore simpered by scented dandies
and languishing belles. Indeed "Our Best
Society " became the nursery of a. species
of dillcrantism moro dangerous and moro
disgusting than open disloyalty.
Hut the guns that opened upon Sumter
awoke the slumbering heart of the Nation.
1 he "mystic call of momory was awakened,
tho cords of tho Union were "struck" and
the "better angols of our natures" came to
our rescue and saved us from the doom of
Oswards. Thank God, the dormant pat
riotism of ibe country has been awakenod
tho people bave been aroused to a con
sciousness of thoir danger and responsibili
ties and tho cause of constitutional Liber
ty has been saved on this Western Contin
ent. Ihe crisis is past; Ibe worst that can
happen to us has happened ; tho old Ship,
opon which all our hopes aro embarked,
once more obeys her helm, and rides into
quiet waters. Albany Journal. ' '
A Slaveholder's Word for Emancipation.
An influential slaveholder in Sedalia Mis
souri,' writes lo tho St. Louis Democrat:
"Is it strange that a 'change should come
over the spirit of our dream V How intense
ly pro-slavery our people have beon we all
know. Every candidate for office, however
high or low, bad to swear eternal and un
dying lovo.and veneration for the 'South,'
and the more cnlense was nig love and de
votion for tho 'nigger' tho more certain bis
chances of promotion, especially if he had
none himself, but was simply actuated by
purely disinterested benevolence in taking
care of bis neighbor's who, poor souls, were
not conpetont to take care of their own prop
erty. Bat, Messrs. Editors, a Dew era is
about to dawn upon tho futuro of Missouri.
Then let tho loyal, unconditional Union
men of the stato prepare to meet the issue.
Tins question of gradual emancipation tn
Missouri must be met must be discussed.
If slavery is the blessing that its .friends
claim surely nothing need be feared from
investigation from discussion.
"Let us have a full ticket for all stato
officers, and, if possible, call upon our friends
everywhere to bring out their candidates for
the legislature. Lot the question be fully
submitted to (ho voters of Misseuri next
August. There is no time to be lost. .
Our Constitution prohibits emancipation..
If our pooplo wero unanimous for it we
would have to call a convention and change
our constitution. Then let the question at
once be started, and lot us know where wo
stand. In the immense sacrifice of frater
nal blood, not a hostile gun has been fired
in any of the states where slavery does not .
exist. This speaks volumes for our cause.
Gknbral Halleck a Wao. Gen, Hal-
leek was lately guilty of giving expression,
to the following 4o4 mof: "Colonel Wy-
man, the commandant or Rolls, on being
ordered by General Curtis to join biro wiiU
his regiment, telegraphed lo St. Louis for
instruction as to what bo should do with his
post, as there was no one there lo relievo
him of his command. In reply to bis mes
sage General Halleck sent him tbo follow
ing: 'stick Jhe post tn the ground and
go on.'" ;
Guerillas to be Hung.
An order from Gon. ' Halleck, dafod at
St. Louis on Ibe 13th ult, says: .
"Evidence has beeu received at these
headquartars that Major General Sterling
Price bas issued commissions or license to
certain bauditts in this State authorising
them to raise 'guerilla forces,' for the ' jpur
poso of plunder and marauding. : Gon.
Price ought to know that such a course is
contrary to tho rule of civilized warfare,
and that evory man who enlists in suoh aa
organization forfeits his life and becomes
an outlaw. All persons are hereby warn
ed lhat if they jom any guerrilla baud they
will not, if captured, be treated as ordinary
prisoners of war, but will be hunof rub
bers and murderers. ' Their lives shall atone
for the barbarity of Iheir General,"