Newspaper Page Text
.-.7 ' ". Mr.Pla'Gs.
From lh Buif.lo Commercial Advertiser.
; We are inclined to think that there ii con
siderable gas about the discovery of Mr. Paino.
However, wo are not, of course, prepared to
pronounce upon it, nnd can do no more then
to express our hopes that it may prove all that
I 1 1 f . T. .-! - ,V . .
" ciium.-.u iur 11. wm, in such event, be. a
blessing indeed to the world the most imrrar-
.tant discovery of the present or anv other age.
There arc, however, so many and different ru
mors floating about in the uewspjipers in rela
tion to it, that the public mind is filled with
.distrust. Some of them are as follows: "
"A good rockd trice, The Boston Trans-
, cript intimates that Henry M. Paine, of Wor
. cester, has disposed of his invention Sir pro
. ducing inflamsble gas from water for the sum
of five millions of dullurs half a million down.
Our gas company here have but little fuilh
, in the Improvement, and have offered one
million dollars for evidence of its success, which
; they say cannot be given. N.Y.Herald.
; The if. Y. Express also says : '
"The gas company of that city have but
; little faith in Mr.Paine's new invention, and
have ottered f 1,000,000 for evidence of its
success, which they say cannot be given."
7 The Boston Journal of the 12th says that
' we are informed that the sum stated on Mon
' day; as having been given for the newly in
" vented hydro-electric lijrht of Mr. Paine, was
too smalt by half enormous as it appeared to
be. It is now stated that the gits companies
of Boston, Hew tors:, Philadelphia, Washing-
' ton, &c., have bargained to give Mr. Paine ten
'millions of dollars for his patent; and. that
they bave actually made him an advance pay
ment'of half million I ' r. -' 7-"''
The N. Y. Tribune says that a contract has
been entered into to light the Astor house in
that city with this new pas.
We see it stated that during the last winter,
Mr. 1'ame erected a light-house on a tu.t in
front of his bouse; from which he directed the
rays, by a reflector, to village opposite Wor
cester, one mne ana a sixth distant man
; air line. The light was so powerful that per-
7 sons in the village could read by it . Another
- illustration of the character of this light is in
the fact that an -excellent daguerreotype has
' been taken by" it Mr. Paine exhibited the
" store which warmed his room. It was about
fourteen inches in diameter, composed of two
circular pieces of sheet iron, between wbicn
. flame issues, and the cold :air rushing in, it
gives forth a tnost delightful heat , The stove
may be used for cooking, and in fact, for all
"purposes, where heat and light are requir
' ed. ' The entire labor required to make a day's
- supply of gas for a common dwelimg-nouae
does not occupy two minutes in turning a
crank, and the machine takes up about as much
room as an ordinary mantle clock. "
Writing upon, this subject, Elihu Burrilt;
. the learned, blacksmith,'' says: "There is
not only a savins of expense; but of work, and
the inconvenience and car of wood, coal and
' ashes, and the danger from fire almost entire
ly annihilated. This is not supposition; we
saw the light, followed the pipes to the cellar,
and saw the apparatus employed for the de
composition of the water; and mua say
can hardly find language to express our aston-
"ishment at: the simplicity of the -machine,
' when at the same time we think of the great
' ness and grandeur of the- discovery. This
must rank if not above, certainly equal with
the greatest discoveries and inventions of the
aire. Wood, "and eoal, and oil, and duiu may
all be dispensed with, by the use of Mr. P.
1 apparatus."-X. "'..'"";-.-- .
' I.'r. Burrilt further says: Two jets, such
were burning in his house, would.be sufficient
to light a moderately sized hall every night, at
. the expense of the interest ion the cost of the
machine, (about, six: dollars per annum,) with
only the little trouble of occasionally filling the
water-cistern." . . . ; ,'.--. 'j.'- '- . '
It all may be true r4rue that the common
element with which the world Is filled, was de
signed by the Ail-Wise Creator, as a means
to give Kght and heat to His people," And that
, the meaDS of making it subservient to these
purposes have hitherto been hid from man.
At any rate the alleged discovery is creating
a sensp.tion throughout the country, and the
whole truth will 6oon be known in relation to
the matter. The establishment of the validity
of the claim of Mr. Payne, as o the genuine
ness of this discovery, will be hailed with de
light everywhere. . .'-j.. :
'" ; .-- Death ljeap. -
? Last evening, as the steamer Hudson, of
the Jersy City Ferry, which left the New-York
side at o'clock, had-made about ohe-fjurth
the distance, across, a man, having on his arm
a small basket containing books, which he was
evidently peddling, was seen to walk delibera
tely to the stem1 of the boat, set down his
basket, and leap into river; " He was called
to when bis purpose was suspectedbut he
heeded not, and made the. fatal jump. He
was sseu to rise-once, but made no effort to
save himself, and sunk again to rise no mora.
The engine was ' immediately stopped, the
boat backed, and every possible means used
to obtain a glimpse of him, but to no purpose.
The man bad on a black bat, white coat, satin
rest and black paints, and was about 5 feet 7
or 8 inches in heght with black whiskers.
Hut" basket contained several second 'hand
books, with a few new song bodes, primers,
card basket, tan, lead pencils, and other Inn
ing trinkets, together with three cents pro
bably ail the cash he naa ----- r--.
; Jersey City Sentinel 11 th
: e JL Striking Relic. '
Mr. E. B. Thompson, of this city, and now a
compositor in the. office of this paper, has in
his possession a very interesting historical relic,
a small embroidered cambric pocket-handkerchief,
which was used by Charles 1 upon the
scaffold, and is stained with his blood. It came
originally from John Feawike, who was Ma
jorof Cavalry in Crom wall's army, and in that
capacity was required to be present at the ex
ecution of the- unhappy monarch. The relic
passed from bis family to that of Jacob Lyell,
whose wife emigrated to New Jersey near the
close of the 17th century, and was connected
with the Fenwike family. She gave tt to her
daughters, who kept it with the greatest care,
and at their death it passed into another
branch of the family, and has finally come in-J
to possession ot Mr. l hompson. its authen
ticity seems to be clearly traced and proved
' The handkerchief is of small size and -the
figure of the Scottish thistle iis embroidered
around the edges. Upon one corner is a small
figure of a crown. It is thickly stained with
dark spots, some of which are as large as a
dollar the others smaller. , The linen is con
siderably discolored by time.-. It seems to bave
been ironed but not washed., . N.Y.Cotjr.
. On the 6th inst, the holy girdle which trad
, , itkm say the Virgin Mary herself presented to
the city of Tortosa, was solemnly deposited
Xn the altar of the royal chapel at Madrid,
r being duly prayed over by an archbishop
and two bishops. The correspondent of the
Daily News say it u to be- placed "on the
Queen's bed fur some boars before the time
of her expected confinement ! '!"";
From tha Clevelaud True Democjut. ,
Fall Particulars of the Burning of the
Steamer G. TP. Griffith.
Death has visited us in fearful.' form, and
with terrible effect ;;" ' ' - !
The steamer G. P. Griffith, was consumed
about daylight this morning, and we. fear some
two hundred souls perished amid flame and
water! . " .
' When first the ahirm was given, the passen
gers were cool and collected. It was thought
the boat could reach the land for which she
was steering and that thus all would be
srtved. '- " -'-.
But, sadly, the steamer struck upon a sand
bar, half a mile off shore, and then panic
reigned. The passengers, according to those
who were saved, became wild with di-spair,
and plunged madly into the water as if life
was safe there I - Death, alas! came to them
amid the gurgling sound of the watery waste.
and by scores they left their home on earth.
for their home, we hnpe, in heaven.
. Of the cause of the fire, we know nothin
' And the saved, unfortunately, can explain
nothing. They were in bed and asleep. All
they know is, that about three o clock -or
about day-break the alarm of fire was given
The shore was in sight. ' Hope said it could
be reached, and all were still. But when the
bar was struck, hope was converted into des
pair, and wildly, death by fire was shunned to
meet death amid the waters. 1 he passengers
plunged into the lake, and but few were saved.
j he number of passengers on board is thus
Mr. R. G. Parks, Postmaster of Rochester,
Pa, and well known to our citizens, was aboard,
and one of the roved. - We give his account
as he gave it to us.
lie was aroused at or near 4 A.M. l he
fire was then burning in the rims of the chim
neys of the boat They were distant from
land three miles.- The second mate ordered
the boat ashore, which was immediately
W ben within half a mile of the shore she
grounded. J be names had not tnen oursi oui
in the forward part of the cabin. But imme
diately after the pilot house was enveloped,
The command was then "iven, from one of
the officers to the passengers, to save them
selves. - r
Many of them immediately jumped over
board, when the Captain called to the men
below, to throw the wood which was on fire
Men then in the cabin, and on the lower
deck, jumped overboard in crowds, some twen
ty at a time.
The Captain remained on the upper deck,
near his state room, forward of the wheel
house. After all the passengers bad jumped
overboard, the captain threw the barber s wite,
his mother, wife and child, into . the lake and
plunged in himself. . He remained a moment
on the surface, when with bis wife iu his arms,
they both sank together.
Not a female or child fifteen were count
ed was saved, except the barber's wife.
There were at least according to Mr. Park's
estimate two hundred and Jijty enugraMs!
(chiefly from England and Germany) forty-
five or fifty cabin passengers, beside the crew
numbering nbout twenty-nve.
- The number of those saved on the beach.
was only forty ! - .".. ' -.
Mr. Parks was on the wheel. He could not
swim. While three scores floated round him,
shrieking madly, Save me! Save! He could
do nothing. He felt like- giving up. But
with a few others he held on, and soon the
struggle was over, and all was quiet save the
sound of the waters as they beat against the
charred hull of the steamer.
This was the first trip Capt Roby bad
made. . . ,, -
The people on the shore were alive with an
xiety, and did all they could to relieve them.
After daylight search was made for the bod
ies. - Two ana three were lauen up at a time
and they were lain upon the shore.
it was a sad sight to behold, iheir requi
em, the moaning of the surf; their death-place,
the wild hike shore, btrangers and relative,
lay there, young and old, as quietly and still
as if their temples nought had burned save
what might be incense in Heaven. .
No books were saved. A list therefore, of
the names of passengers cannot be given. -
These we must catch up as we can. ihe ac
cident has been attended with a fearful loss of
life mis fearful as any we have had and ev
ery means should be taken not only, to pay
every respect to the dead but to ascertain
the cause of the disaster, and the- names of
those who have perished. -
Cleveland, June 17.
' Saw a burning steamer ahead of us after
daylight We stood for her, and found her to
be the G. P. Griffith, burned down to the main
The propeller Deleware, Capt Napier, was
there, -and we left her towing the vessel
- Capt Napier reports 200 lives lost and
among them Capt Roby. The Delaware was
not up with her when she burned. .
Those saved got on shore and will be up in
an hour or two, when further particulars will
be learned.. The steamer was within half a
mile of shore." .. " Capt Miles Joy,
- -- - . . , Steamer Wisconsin.
Later. We left the wreck at 2 o'clock this
morning, and at that time one hundred and
forty bodies had been recovered, most of them
The wreck of the Griffith, lies 40 rods from
shore and is a mass of ruins from which the
When she first struck she was in 7$ feet of
The emigrants, aroused by the alarm of
fire, spransr overboard, and thev have been
found six and eight together, locked in the
olose embrace of death.
An English woman and her three children
were sent for. by her husband, a resident of
Cleveland, had risen early - and dressed them
selves in their best, to greet their husband
and father all were lost
The row of corpses along the beach with
green leaves laid over the face of each, and
the limbs distorted, was a sight we hope nev
vr again to witness. The inhabitants in the
neighborhood turned out to give them aid.
When we left long trenches were receiving
the unknown dead.
Proffessor Sharp of Willoughby, had taken
the direction of matters.
John B. Stockley was looking after the dead,
and we saw the tears trickle down his cheeks
as he placed a mother and three children in
the rude boxes prepared for tbem.
1 he propeller JJeleware has arrived from
the scene of disaster bringing four only of
the survivors, of the 30 to 40. Among those
saved were the first mate, name not known,
and the acting clerk for the trip up, Mr. Wilk
inson, brother-in-law of Capt Roby.
The Captain's wife and mother are lost
Three ladies only saved, 2 of them 'Germans.
The boat sturck about 20Q yards from shore.
Our informant left the boat before she struck
expecting to be lost on the account of being
noswimnier. He however, after sinking-twicc
succeeded in reaching shallow water,,.No bag
vvheu the JJeleware left there were from
40 to 50 bodies recovered. Mr. M. describes
the scene as truly heartrending.
List ef the Saved and Lost.
Wm. Evans, 1st mate.
Mr. Machochey, Cincinnati, -Bartholomey
George A George, deckhand.
Homer Dolson, tin-man.
James Hurd, fireman
R. G. Parks, P. M. Rochester, Pa.
C. M. Reed, Bellfonuine.
W. Atkinson, Cleveland.
Mr. Jones, 2d engineer.
S. Dana, 1st porter.
. Christina Hood, cabin maid.
Wm. T. Tincom, Chetauque ca N. Y.
Martin Brannan, Ii Elizabeth street, N. Y.
Four females are said to be save.
The following are among the dead: .
C. C. Roby, wife and 2 children.
Mrs. Wilkinson, mvther of the captain.
H. Palmer, TeL operator, Toledo.
Alice Champion, Maumee.
Richard Palmer, wheelman. . . -J
Theodore Oilman. . j
Mrs. W. P. Tiukam and 2 children.
George Willman, lady and 4 children bound
to Cleveland. .
F. Keeler, deck hand.
Mrs. Heath, wife of F. Heath, of N. York
and four .children. .
Wm. Pilluan, book-keeper.
M. June, 2d engineer.
L. Douna, first porter.
C. Wood, cabin maid,
Hicbard Mann, wheelsman.
Negro, 1st cook, from Buffalo. - :
Hugh McCuin, of Buffalo. , ' '-
Alexander Furgeson, fireman.
Dan Donoven, steward. " -
Dan, the waiter. " r-. -
W. Tillman, barkeeper. ' ' "
The names of the foreigners lost cannot be
ascertained. The dead will not be less than
290 we fear the number may be larger.
Arrest of Gen. Lopez. '
New York, June 12.
Gen. Lopez arrived at New Orleans on
Thursday and was arrested by the U. States
Authorities, and held in 3,000 bonds tor trial
before the U. S. commissioners court Sev
enteen of Lopez's men arrived at Key Weston
Saturday, Tbev express anxiety to re-enlist
in another expedition against Uuoa.
The boy executed at (Jardinaz was named
Wm Kelley, and was from Cincinnati. He
had embarked in the belief that he was going
The steamer Isabel sailed from Havanah
on Fridav. and arrived at Charleston yester
day." She reports 71 prisoners, officers and
crews of the Georgia and Sarah, undergoing
trial before the Marine court The trial was
not concluded when the Isabel left. ' .It was
thought the Captains of the vessels would be
punished and the crew cleared.
The U. o. steamer saranao arrived at xor-
folk yesterday. Commander Tatnel passed
through Baltimore this morning for Washing
ton. When he left Capt T. received assur
ance from the Spanish authorities that the
prisoners captured by them should be honora
bly dealt with until advices are received from
The report ihatthe Saranac had been plac
ed at the disposal of the - Cuban authorities,
and that the American consul had been ar
rested, were entirely without foundation.
The prisoners captured from the late invad
ing expedition, were treated with great kind
ness. The report of shooting five prisoners
was incorrect,, Xhey are at Havana and will
be sent home.. : . , ,
The Biggest Gold Story Yet. -
A party of emigrants, by way of the Salt
Lake arrived at Los Angelos, state that they
discovered mountains of gold and silver, about
230 miles from Puebla, in a north-east direc
tion. ' - -
They state, that among the eastern spurs of
the bierra JN evada, they iound perfect moun
tains of rocks, with gold and silver mingled and
commingled in solid masses, weighing from one
to many tons." The quarts was very hard, so
much so, that all their implements were soon
worn out But stranger still, they say that
these large boulders of gold, silver, and quarts,
have the gold in the south end, and. the silver
m the north end. The silver most abundant
One of the discoverers declared that there
was silver enough thsre "to sink every ship in
ban c rancisco harbor. -
The Pacific News, in which this "great dis
covery" is published, says some may think this
all a jest, but it adds, that the gentleman trom
whom the facta were obtained, "is now in the
city, with specimens in his possession, brought
from the northern mountain. . Ihey are th
most singular and beautiful we have ever seen,
and one need only to see them and hear him
to be convinced that nothing has been told but
But unfortunately, it is said that all the
water for miles around this 'mother mountain,'
is impregnated with salt and saleratus. The
whole region is a perfect waste, and disease
and death must follow any prolonged stay
the 'diggins.' The party that made this
great discovery.Jremainedatthe gold mountain
ten days only.- '
. The Nicaragua Treaty.
1 The National Intelligencer has the follow
It gives us pleasure to say to our readers
that authentic information has reached this
Government of the full approval by the British
Government of the treaty happily concluded
in this city between Mr. Secretary Clayton
and Sir Henry Bulwer, for the adjustment of
all points ot the IN icaragua question as be
tween the Government of the United States
and that of Great Britain.
This treaty, as our readers generally know,
was approved by the Senate of the United
States several weeks ago. The ratification of
it by the British Government may be expect
ed here by one of the earliest steamers ; and
upon the exchange of it will doubtless be
immediately offical proclaimed.
A "Washington Joke.
On Tuesday evening a Clerk in the War
Department from Maine died, and the Whig
portion of the Delegation from that state called
upon the Secretary of War precisely at 10
o'clock next morning, for the purpose of re
commending a canditnte to fill the vacancy.
One of the gentlemen apologized for call
ing so early after the desease of the late
Clerk, and stated their business. The Secre
tary in a very bland manner assured the
gentleman that no apology was nerssary for so
early a call ; but said he, I must "be frank
with you, and tell yon that the vacancy is al
ready filled, by the appointment of Mr. Cox of
this city. ; iew lorn lriDune.
. " . A
- FREMONT, OHIO. '
. J. S. FOl'RE, Editor.
SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1850.
OF HAMILTON COUHTT.
FOR BOARD OF TUBLIC WORKS,
ALEXANDER G. COKOVEB,
OF AUGLAIZE COCNTT.
$W Times of holding the Courts of Com
mon Pleas in the 13th Judicial Circuit of Ohio,
Erib, February 18 ; May 20; Oct, 7.
Huron, March 11 ; June 3; Sept 16.
Sanduskt, March 25; June 17; Oct 21.
Wood, April 1 ; October 23.
Lucas, April 5; June 24; Nov. 1
Ottawa, May 7; Sept 10.
t3T Since the last issue of the Freeman,
there have been several fine, soaking, and
growing rains in this neighborhood, which
have made glad the hearts of all , The crops,
which a week or two ago had the appearance
of being an entire failure, have revived, and
from inquiries which we have made of Far
mers from the country, we learn that the
wheat crop, should it escape the weevil and
rust gives indications of a better yield, than it
has for years. ' The corn crop also looks well,
and should there be anything like an ordina
ry season from this out, the yield will proba
bly be as large as it was last year. Fruits of
most kinds, especially the apple, give indica
tions of a fair crop; ;
JtSTThe particulars of the burning of the
Steamer Griffith, all we could obtain, will be
found in the Freeman of this week. As near
as can be ascertained, the number lost by the
burning of this ill-fated vessel, is about 290.
Capt Roby, the master of the boat; his wife,
child and mother, were all lost, and their bo
dies buried in Perysburg on Wednesday last
the husband, wife and child in one grave.
Topping & Wigstein have opened a
Boot and Shoe Store in the South room of
Tyler's block, at the sign" of the big boot They
have a large: stock of Boots and Shoes in their
store, together with a large quantity of Ready
made clothing, hats, caps, &c, .of superior
quality, which they sell so cheap, that no one
need go half clothed. See their advertise
ment in another column. ' '.
We call the attention of our readers
to the advertisement of Perry Davis' Pain Kil
ler, in another column of this week's paper.
Stephen Buckland & Co., agents for Fremont
10 ' 1
Some time since the Freeman had the bad
taste to copy into its columns an article which
it knows disgraced them, relating to the Hon.
A. E. Wood. Last week it published an ar
ticle highly complimentory to that gentleman,
from the pen of a lady editor. Not content
with giving the "unvarnished tale," as he
found it he prefaces it with remarks calcula
ted to give the impression that the lady is of
Now we should like to know whether the
editor of that print intended to charge any
body with -moral delinquency, or whether it
was an inadvertence. Democrat
Well we are. glad to find the editor, pro
tern, of the Democrat, seeking information. It
is a happy omen, and if he only perseveres in
this praise-wortby enterprise, we will have
some hopes for him yet Incapable as we
consider ourself of giving information or in
struction to our fellows, we shall always be
most happy to enlighten the mind of our co
temporary. : As the recent rains have done
good to. every thing green, so we hope any
"information" we may give, will benefit every
thing seeking after instruction. - - -i: - -
W bile tne editor of the Democrat asks us
for information, he at the same time informs
nsthat "sometime since" , we disgraced our
self by publishing an anecdote at the expense
of A. E. Wood, which must be news to our
readers, as it certainly is news to us, and we
return our sincere thanks to the editor, for the
appulling information. . : v
In relation to the insinuation of the editor
of the above interesting Bheet, that our re
remarks were calculated to convey the impres
sion that the "lady-editor" of the Huntress
is a woman ot ill-repute, we most emphatically
deny. On the contrary, the facts go to prove,
that the lady is of high standing in society ; for
if the articles in her paper show anything, it is
that she enjoys the society of a good many
members of Congress, (and they form the
standard of genteel -society in Washington,)
and that she has facilities for discovering the pe
culiar traits in one's character, possessed but
by few persons there. She does not only de
scribe the personal appearance of members.
the peculiarity of their tempers, the color of
their hair, eyes, &c, but also has the nack of
finding out whether they are whole-souled, li
beral fellows or not
Well, finding so "highly complimentary" an
article, in so renowned a paper, of our distin
guished Representative in Congress, we could
not refrain from giving him the benefit of its
influence through the columns of our paper;
and what astonishes us the most is that not
one of the Locofoco papers in this Congress
ional District after all their praise of Mr.
Wood's character and ability, have done him
so slight a favor as to publish the complimen
tory notice of him alluded to. This is the most
unkind cut of all.
3S Letters have recently been received
from our California boys, and all reported well.
John M. Smith, however, has had very bad
luck. He writes, so we are informed, that be
has been digging all Spring, and has not
made more than about forty dollars per day.
He says he is going to the diggings recently
discovered, where he ' can make about two
hundred dollars- per day. Poor fellow, we
envy him his bad luck.
f3T Price, the colored man who played for
the last cdtilion party the lovers of the dance
had in this place, is one of those who were lost
by the late disaster of the Griffith. He is spo
ken of in the highest terms of praise by the
Toledo papers, where he resided, as a sober,
industrious, and worthy citizen, and many of
our citizens must remember his eccentricities,
smiling face, and good music, when he was
among us. But poor fellow 1 he accepted an
invitation by the Captain to go to Buffalo, and
was Returned to his friends a corpse.
3T Wheat, Corn, and Wool has been sell
ing in this market during the past week, at
the prices quoted in last week's Freemaa
For June is before us. We have seen the
"Editor's table" in some previous numbers fil
led with more spico, but on the whole it Js a
good number. The Bunkum Flag Staff makes
its appearance in it again and the following is
the closing advertisement of the Editor, Mr.
Wagstaff: ' . . . Ex.
Horses and cabs to let by the editor. "Old
newspapers for sale at thisotfis. Wanted, an
apprentice, lie must be bound for eight
years, fold and carry papers, ride post once't a
week to Babylon, tequog, Jericho, Uld Mans
Mount Misery, Hungary Harbor, Hotehabon-
nuck, Coram, Miller's Place, Skunk's Manor,
Fire Island, Mosqueto Cove and Montauk
Point on our old white mare, and must find
and blow his own horn. Sun away an In
dented Apprentice, named John Johns, scar on
his beau, one ear gone, and no debts paid of
his contracting. California gold, bunks at par,
pistareens, fippenny-bits and United Stets'
currency in general, received in subscription.
Also, store-pay, corn, potatoes, rye, oats, eggs,
beans, pork, grist, hay, old rope, iams'-wooh
shovels, honey, shorts, dried cod, catnip, oil,
but'nut bark, paints, glass, putty, snake-root
cord wood, hemp, live geese feathers, sasafax,
dried apples, hops, new cider, axe-handles,
mill-stones, hemlock gum, bacon and hams,
gingshang-root, vinegar, punkins, harness, alle
compaine, hops, ashes, slippery-elm bark, nails,
clams, varnish, sheet iron, hogshead shooks,
old junk, sapsago cheese, whisk-brooms, ma
nure and all other produce taken in exchange.
Voice of tbe " Old Guard!"
Lancaster county. Pa, is the banner Whig
county of the Union. . A convention was held
on the 5tb, at which the following resolutions
Resolved, That in Zachary Taylor, as Chief
Magistrate of the nation, we have been most
fully justified in our every proper anticipation.
That he lias, amply verified every promise
made, none may deny. In his honesty, integ
rity and patriotism wu bave entire confidence.
Mesolved, .1 hat as fennsvtvamans, we leel
a deep sense of gratitude to the Chief Magis
trate of the nation, for the solicitude in be
half of the industrial interests of Pennsylvania,
and the nation generally, and his earnest rec
ommendation to Congress to afford them a
just protection ; and we still look to tbe pres
ent congress to do speedy justice to uiose al
ready long suffering interests, and give that
protection to industry so, urgently demanded.
Resolved, That the Whigs of .the Union
having succeeded in electing Zachary Taylor,
and placing him in the Presidential chair, it is
the duty' not only of the Whig party, but of
all its representatives, to support his nomina
tions, and sustain the measures of his admin
istration. . . . '
' o . .
Rational Taxation. ; :, .
The following table of Comparative Taxa
tion originated, we believe, in the lost Edin
burgh Review. ' r ';" ". '
'." " ' - - j ' Taxation.
Gt Britain and Ireland,
' " ' " '
Austria, -.: -
Pop. per head.
25 millions 9 50
. 8A do 8 60-
So do 6 80
4 do 5 00
12$ do 4 60
4 do' 3 70
41 do ' 3 20
16 do ; ' 2 80
22 do : . 2 00
86 do 2 00
54 Unknown, j
If taxation by the National Government on
ly is contemplated, $1 50 per head is far near
er the actual impost in this country thau $2.
We think $1 50 per bead is quite as much as
has been annually drawn from our people by
the federal government since its formation,
though more than one hundred'millions have
meantime been paid for debts and claims out
standing when this government was organized.
General Iiopez. -.:-
We learn that the United States District
Attorney at New Orleans, acting under in
structions from the department oi oiaie, issu
ed by direction of the President, caused Ueh
eral Lopez, commander of the late expedition
to Cuba, to be arrested in that city on the 7th
instant for a violation of the act of Congress
of the 20th of April, 1849. Gen. L. was tak
en before the judge of the United States dis
trict court tor examination.
. o- ; . '." -
r New York, June 18. -
' A violent affraytook placethis morning be'
tween Edwin Forest and N. P. Willis.
The latter' was knocked down and severely
beaten. The recent divorce case was the
cause of the quarrel.
. o- . .
: The Iowa Election Case
The committee on elections in the House,
have decided that Daniel F. Miller, Whig, the
contestant is entitled to the seat in Congress
from Iowa, in tbe place ot William 1 hompson,
Loco, now the sitting member. The report
of tbe caramitte will be made on the return of
Mr. McGaughey from Indiana,
Speaking right on t in Meeting.
Mr. Robertson, formerly Mf. Polk's mar
shal for the State of Ohio, now member of the
Convention to form anew Constitution, a pro
gressive, a pot-metal, hard-tin man, and a
clever fellow enough to boot, in one of his
"And what has been the course of the
democracy in Ohio ? For years they had been
dodging about the State.avoiding a manly and
open attack, and fighting a sort of Indian skir-
misn irom behind trees and bushes, vainly
trying to capture the monopoly power, by
what tbe french call a coup de main: by
such contrivances as individual liability, and
pretended restrictions. But falling in these
weak and futile devices, the democratic party
was compelled to abondon them and plant it
self upon the broad and solid foundation of
uncompromising hostily to the whole paper
I rue, Oh, King! Just what the whigs
have said for a long time.
Convention. ' . v '
; s -: From the Ohio State Journal. - " ;
Friday June 14.
The debate was continued yesterdy P. M.
on the subject of corporation liability. Mr.
Arcbbold made one the strongest and argu
ments yet delivered upon the duty of the con
vention to throw no unnecesary shackles over
this subject We did not hear his speech,
but learn that it was very able.
Mr. Holmes made an argument on the oth
er side and in favor of unrestricted liability.
He speaks forcibly, and tolerably sreli We
rather like his- appearance .and deportment
Remarks were also made by Mesrss. 1 homp
son of Shelby, Robertson, Hitchcock of Geauga,
and Chambers; when the committee got to
a vote, and attached a clause, that in a large
class of corporation, the liability should not ex
tend beyond an amount equal to the stock.
The unrestricted men were thus beaten essen
tially. -, - -
This morning the committee on the Judi
ciary made their report and 150& copies
were ordered to printed. The discussion
of the old subject was resumed and Mr. Nash
addressed the committee. - He showed that
this talk about the principle of liability was
all nonsense; that there was no principle about
it, but solely a question of expediency.
Gen. Mason spoke at length, and took the
same side of this subject that had been ex
pressed by Mr. Nash. He spoke ably. He
said there was no more principle about it than
there was in taking a mortage to secure a debt
instead of taking personal security. "If the
principle was so pure and true, then why not
extend it to the State of Ohio, and to counties
and townships? - . If it is an 'eternal principle,'
why not? :,; ' "- . :
Mr. Barnett of Montgomery spoke. - Ho is
not one of the talking members were practi-1
cal and had much weight He spoke of the!
turnpikes and railroads in and around AJayton.
He said that there, the system was about com
pleted and did make an instrument that would
prevent any more corporations from being for
med. He owned smnll amounts of stock in
several companies, and that stock was not
worth 15 cents on the dollar. He was aware,
when he paid his money, that it would not
be worth much, as stock, but he owned real
estate, tbe increased value. of that much more
than paid him for his loss on stock. ' The
people there, looked at it in this light. Now,
he would never taken a dollar of this stock
if we would bave been liable for all the debts
of the company ; and not one of the thirteen
turnpikes and four railroads thai are built or
are building, from Dayton, would have been
built if the unrestricted individual liability
clause had been inserted. Two of the com
panies for that region had liability clause in
them, and they fell still lower; nobody took
stock in them, and nobody would. - There was
something practical about this, that was worth
acres oi abstractions.
Mr Arch bold made few yery forcible and
happy remarks. He said that the success of
this Hamilton county project would crush as
sociate enterprise in all the newer and poorer
parts of the State. The spirit of the age was,
association. It enabled the poor and weak to
compete with the rich and a strong. " If we
prevent this combination, we forever keep
down the new and poorer parts of the State.
Southern slaves-were governed and kept in
subjection by .permitting " a "combination," &c
His -views were philosophical and sound, '
After some verbal amendments, the motion
to strike out the whole section came up, and,
before the vote was taken, the committee rose,
and the Convention took a recess.
- "'',;"" Friday June 14.
Yesterday P. M, the discussion was resum
ed by Judge Kennon, who spoke with great
ability and earnestness for about thirty minutes.
He declared himself utterly , opposed to the
idea of unrestricted liability. A large class
of corporations would be extinct if it was en
forced. Without referring to them, be admin
istered a stinging rebuke to those delegates
who were attempting to impose their crude.
ill-degested notions upon that body, and call -it
political wisdom! His remarks will be read
The discussion was continued in a desultary
way for the balance of the afternoon, without
finishing the report ;-.--;'
1 his morning it was agreed to pass the re
port on Corporations, other than Banking, and
the report on the Militia was taken up. Sev
eral amendments were proposed, and some of
them , were adopted. The principle debate
was whether clause should be introduced . ex
empting from military duty, in time of peace,
those who have conscientious scruples about
war and bearing arms. This dragged in some
political remarks. The society of Friends
were ' accussen of being Whig, but would
sometimes vote for military men. ; Gen Lidey,
Col Hawkins, Gen. .Loudon, bore down ra
ther hard -upon the broad brim. They were
defended by Messrs. Stanton, Bates, Morris,
During the discussion. Signal Taylor got
hold of a very small peg, and thereon procee
ded to bang-a very fervent Free Soil speeeh,
wherein he was very thankful that he voted
for Van Buren in 48, and thought that the
300,000 votes cast for him had operated most
remarkably on tbe history of the country.
We suppose Gen. Cass thinks so tool :
The committee rose without finishing the re
port, and the Convention adjourned till Mon
day. : " : '- - -
The sixth week is ended.- The Convention
has finished debate in commute on three re
ports. There are thirteen reports vet to con
sider. When wilt the Convention get through ?
We shudder to think of the long "y oiler" days
yet in prospect Hurry up, gentlemen! .
o- ' i.
. "It cannot be denied that hostility to tbe
constitutional rights of . -the south has grown
with a rapid growth since ihe Presidential
election of 1 848. We cannot see, and we have
never been able to see, how any man of ordi
nary understanding should have failed to an
ticipate any other result as tbe legitimate and
necessary consequence of the Philadelphia tick
et In the summer of 1848, it was plain that
the election of Zachary Taylor and Millard h ill
more would be the heaviest blow which south
ern interests ever received, as it was at tbe
last session of Congress, or as it is at the pres
ent session of Congress. A candidate was
brought forward for the .highest office within
the gift of the people, who, though a southern
man, failed and refused to whisper one word
in favor of southern rights and southern inter
ests, and who willingly endorsed the political
history of Milliard Jt lllmore, tbe author of the
letter to the H.ne abolitionists. I el a large
portion of the south gave its zealous support
to tbe Philadelphia nominations; while anoth
er portion stood indifferent with their arms
folded, and saw without a sign of dissatisfac
tion a northern man defeated who had been
true and faithful to the constitutional rights of
the south, and whose election would never
have been doubtful, but for tbe hatred enter
tained for him by tboae who cherish hostility
to the institutions of the south."
i Washington Union.
S3T Swift declared he was too proud to be
rain J. he distinction was verv nice.
The Convention its Length of Session.
- It is the impression at Columbus, as wa .'
are informed, that tha Convention will not
get through with the manufacture of a Con
stitution before the first of September. Now
to be in sessionoar months to make a constitu
tion will be outrageous 1 : The present consti
tution was framed Hi less than one month, apd
that at a time when the business of constitu-
tion making was in its infancy.. And there,
toOj is that excellent constitution of car young
est State, California, which Mr. Sawyer could
adopt with a few slight changes, was framed '
in lfss :han a month I Whether the new or- .
ganic law of the State will be four times bet- .
ter than our old conslition, or that ot Uulifor- ...
nia, remains to be seen, v We think, however, ,
there are a dozen men at Columbus that could
make as good a constitution, as the "spirit of
the age" demands in three or four weeks.
But such men are not found among the ever
lasting gabblers, who, from appearance, wish
to mage a summer's job of it. We were in
hopes that a good constitution would be fram
ed before the first of July, and the coming In
dependence day celebration'supplied with ora
tors, who, in the exercise of their exuberant
patiiotism, could point to our new charter and
say, "Behold the workmanship afiny bauds,
somewhat assisted by the one hundred and
seven members associated with me!' This
is to be disappointed, and the approaching 4 th
of July promises no unusual display of orato
rical powers, or : rampant declaration of ore
for the people and the "rest of mankind." .
' ' '-''.-.; ';'-' f Guernsy Times.
The above is a fair sample of the feeling
which is beginning to find expression among
the people, in reference to the "all talk and no
action" course of tbe Convention. We are
among those who would . give time for the
committees to mature the several parts of the
constitution committed to them, and. : so, far,
we think there is more ground for complaint
that too little instead of too much time has .
been spent in committee. - - A session of three
hours a day would afford ample time for the
useful discussion, and would leave time for
the necessasy labor in committee. Mere talk
ers men who want o Jigure in tee public
eye on ihe public car, and on the pages of tlie -public
book, might hold an evening session.
which members disposed to work should not
be required to attend... -. Cin. Gazette. ,f
f3T The following is an extract from Gen
eral Washington's Circular Letter to the gov
ernors of the ssveral states, dated at New
burgh, June 8th, 1783: T . , . .
"There are four things which I humbly
conceive are essential to the well being I
may even venture to say to the existence, of
the United States as an independent power:
"1st An indissoluble union of "the States
under the federal head. ." "" - " :
" 2d. A sacred regard to public justice. '
" 3d. The adoption of a" proper peace estab
lishment " 7 " , " - ' , - J
4th. The prevalence of that pacific and
friendly disposition among the people of the
United btatecs, which will induce them to for
get their local prejudices and politics, to make
those mutual concessions, which are necessary
to the general prosperity ; and in some instan
ces, to sacrifice their individual advantages to
uie iiiiereeus w -ine cumruumiy. . , ,.v.5
" lhese.are the pillars on nrhich the glori
ous fabric of our independence and national
character roust be supported. Liberty is the ,.
basis and whoever would dare to sap the
foundation, or overturn the structure, under.,
whatever specious pretext he may attempt it, "
will merit the bitterest execrations and the se
verest punishment, which can be inflicted by
his injured country.' . . .
Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland
The Engineers are already on the ground.
making a survey of this Road., They, com
mence on the eastern teimmaton of tbe route.
and progress .with their survey- westward, -and
may be expected at this place during the
course of the week. .- u
Notime will be lost in publishing the re
sult and the friends of the raute feel con fi- .
dent that it only necessary to place the facta
before tbe public, to convince all that this is
the most feasible route for a railroad that can
be selected between Cleveland and Toledo.
Due no; ice will be given to the friends of the
Road at the west as the field work progress
es, and we hope every facility will be offered '
the party engaged in it ' , . i; -
V.-''" ."'"". ; id " ..'-;' ;"
The Detroit Daily Advertiser says; Tbe
President has already presented, and urqed-
so far as his constitutional powers- might serve
a plan not perhaps perfect in itself, inasmuch"
as it is of human origin, but more so than any
now claiming public attention, and sufficiently
so to satisfy all in whom pride of opinion Joes
not predominate over a sense of justice, and a
desire to subserve the best interest of their
country.. Jtia well known that the contraries
ties of opinion above alluded to do txhr; - it
is useless to attempt to conciliate them : the true
course for. Congress is to adopt that plat
which has most advocates, fewest opponents,
and is nearest right. "
A Niw Coloht --. ih Georgia. An Eng
lish gentleman, agent for a London emigration
company has purchased about one hundred,
and fifty thousand acres of land in Irwin Cov
Georgia, for tbe purpose of getting it settled '
by English operatives and manufacturers. :!
They are; situated in a fine cotton growing re
gion, near navigable streams and copiously sup-.
pljed with water power, and possess an abundr
anoe of timber. He will urge upon his com
pany the speedy construction of a -railroad
from theirs to some of. the principal towns in
the vicinity. '.-' "
Another Boundary Question. '
The Jacksonville News states, that General '
Twiggs in the military road he has laid out
from Tampa Bay to Fort Pierce on Indian
river, has somewhat encroached on the lin
stipulated by Gen. Worth as defining the res-
ervation under the armistice effected by him.
The encroachment includes two military posts,
connected by some four miles of road recently""
made by the government force. ' Billy Bow
legs' gave notice in due diplomatic form to
Ge -Twiggs, that unless our troops were re-
moved from the Indian line, they should ba
driven from h by force. : The point threatened
being weak, and our gallant General being
hampered by want of instructions, he has been
compelled to retire, and construct new militai
ry posts and a new road. Buff. Com,""1'
. ' -- , . ":-
""As Oitts." On anare a of aeveml im. ;,
made desolate by the fire at Corning, the on-'
ly combustible thing remaining, is a beautiful i
pole erected in honor of Gen. Taylor, by the ;
Whigsof Corning, in the campaign of 1848. -a
Though exposed to the destroyer in all direc-
Hons, it Beema like "Old Zack" to have "Stood
fire" remarkably welL sustaining m ,
j . e j 3 v j
yond being slightly browned in tbe aervicei '
it stands ready J or another campaign,