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FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, AUGUST 3, 1850.
J. S. FCI KC, Editor and Publisher.
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JOB 1'KISTISG OPFICEl
We are now prepared to executa to order, in a
met and expeditious manner, and upon the fairest
terms; almost all descriptions of
SUCH AS '
Pv)ii!j Cards, .
Dill He ins, . - .
Bills or JUtuiso, .
Bills, . '" "
Ball Tickets, ktc, ktc
We would sav to thosa of our frienda who art in
wmt of such work, you need not go abroad to get
it done, when it can be done vast as good at noma.
M.5 OF TEMPERANCE. '
Fort Stkphknpoh Dmstoa, No. 432. Stated
meetings, every Tuesday evening at tha Division
Uooin m tr.e old Northern Exchange.
f ABETS OP TJEMPEBASCE. -"
FflMT Stefheiisok Sxctio. So. 102, rneeta eve-
ery Thursday evening in the Hall of the Sona of
- i. em pern c.
I. O. O. F.
' Ckooha Lodok, Xo.77, meeta at the Odd Fel
lows' Hail, i Bncklaad'a Brick Building, avary
Saturday evening. - ' - '
ROBERTS, HUBBARD fe CO., :
rnniwr. Tin. and Sheet-iron Ware,
- - 7 ,
IKS DKALXKS J
Stores. Wool, Hides, Sheep-pelts, Rags,
O.J Copper, Old Stoves, tc.,&c:
lSO, ALL SOKTS OF GESUINK TAKKEI NOTIONS
i't aie's Brick Block", No. 1.
FREMONT, OHIO. 82
STr.I'IIEX mJCKXAJTI & CO.,
DEALERS IN .'-..'-
Drugs, Medicines, Faints, Dye-Stuffs,
Books, Stationaay, tVc.t
,ISAl.riI i BlCKtAAWt ,
ittomer and Counsellor at Law,
., .. -And Solicitor in Chancery, will attend to rrofeea
ional business in Sandaeky d adjoining counties.
Office Second etofy of Bnckland'a Block. :
JOHS Mj. GREENE,
- A TTflRNEY AT LAW .
And Prosecuting Attorney, for Sandueky county,
"Will attend to all professional business entrusted to
hi care, with promptneaa and fidelity. -
Office In the second story of Bockland's Block.
: FREMONT, OHIO. v 1 .,
' Attorney and Counsellor at Ijaw,
' And Solicitor in Chancery, will carefully attend
to all professional business left in his charge. He
will alec attend to the collection of claims etc., in
tli is and adjoining counties. . .
Office Second story Bnckland'a Block.
.i J " FREMOMT, OHIO. ; ".. I- 1
IS. J. BAKTIiETT, - "
YV ill give his undivided attention to professional
business in Sandusky ana tne adjoining souunee.
Office Over Oppenheimer'a Store."
FREMONT, OHIO. V 1
IiA ! BAWSOS:
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office North aide of tha Turnpike, nearly oppo
site the Post Office. i. J .
FREMONT, OHIO. ' 14
PIiySICIAN" AND SURGEON,
Respectfully tenders hia profesaional services to
tha citizens of f remont and vicinity.
r. Office One door north of E. N. Cook's Store.
"stual Fire Insurance Company.
It. P. BCCKIiAND, Agent:
POST OFFICE HOURS. .
The regular Post Offica hours, until further no
tice will be as follows:
From 7 to 12 A. M. and from 1 to 8 P. M.
Sundays from 8 to 9 A M, and from 4 to 5 P M
W.M. STARK, P.M.
Farms to Iet!
OE.VERAL FARMS, near Fremont, and conva-
O sient to the Turnpike, O" TO RENT. Jn
Soma of these have Eighty to Niaety acres clear-
ed thereon, with cormortebla Houses, Barns cC.
Enquire of SAML. CROWELL,
General Land Agent.
Ma.knlunge, March 2, 185051-5
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, O.
ini. KESSLEIt, Preprietor.
H TR. KE3SLER, announces to the Traveling
1)1 Public that he has returned to the above well
known stand and ia now prepared to accommodate
in ths best manner, all who may favor hira with
No effurts will be spared to promote tha comfort
and eonvemence 01 Cuesls.
if r" Good Stabliks aiid careful Ostlkhs in at.
Fremont, November 24, 1849 36
ARRANTT, Mortgage, and . Quit Claim
Deeds for sa!e at the
Requiem on the Death of the President,
Weep for tha apirit fled!
1'ha solemn word is spoken! -Weep--for
the silve thread
And golden bowl are broken!
A warrior lived a christian died I
Sorrow should slumber in our pride!
Go bring hia battle blade! ,
His helmet and hia plume!
- And be his trophies laid -Beside
him in tha tomb!
Where files of time-marked veterans come,
With martial tramp and muffled drum.
Give to tha earth hia frame!
, 'Twaa born bat lo decays .
. -Not so hia deathless name! .. .
That cannot pass away!
In youth, in manhood, and in age,
He diguified his country's page.
" Green be the willow bough
Above the swelling m.mnd,
Where sleeps tha hero now
In consecrated ground.
. His monument hie fame endears "
Hia epitaph A Nation's Txars.
11 i s c 1 1 1 a n t a u s .
Old Wkitey. .
The National Intelligencer describes the
Catefaltpie, or moving bier, which bore the
mortal remains of the late Presidant, and feel
ingly adds: .
But all eves were drawn even from this
solemn sight to one still more calculated to
touch the feelings of a promiscuous asemblage ;
it was the General's favorite horse, the far
famed "Old Whitey," go well known to every
soldier who served under the brave old man
through the perilous and glorious Mexican
campaigns. He ia a well made animul, of
some fifteen and half hands in height, in fine
condition, and, as it seemed,, witn a military
air. On tha saddle were the holsters and in
verted spars. Poor fellow ! he stepped proud
ly; but how would his pride have been quell
ed, could he have known that he now accom
panied his master for the last time! les,
Whitey! you are surrounded by. soldiers, as
you were wont to be; the cannon thunders
in your ear;, that is a familiar sound, and near
you is ha whose . heart never quailed and
whose sword was never : turned back from the
fight ; but alas! he has met, at last a foe he
could not conquer, and the hand that so often
patted your neck and reached you a morning
token of his loving care, is cold in death, and
will caress you no more. r . - - ? :.
The Editor of the Richland county Demo
crat was here on the Fourth to attend the De
mocratic Convention, and in writing home to
his paper, he "free his mind as follows about
the member of the Constitutional Convention.
- , O. S. Journal.
" "One very great error committed by the
democratic party in the selection of candidates
last sprintr, was, that they in too many instanes
selected men with availability instead of their
ultraradical and progressive principles. . The
Convention contains many very good looking
men. Judges Swan, Stilwell, Smith, Vance
and Hitchcock, make a. very fine appearance,
but 1 am sorry to say it . would take all bve
to make one radical democrat Stanbery of
f rankhn possesses splendid talents, but he is
about twenty-five years behind the progress
ing spirit of the age. This is the case, also,
with many others members of the convention.
To be plain, I must tell you that there are
quite too many milk and water democrats in
the convention to frame a perfect and radically
Getting on in ttte World.'
Money it ' not everything Improve, and
then you are rtch. T.here are many ditterent
ways of gettingalong it does not always mean
making a deal of money or being a great man
for people to look up to with wonder. Leav
ing off a bad habit for a good one, is getting
on in the world to be clean and tidy in
stead of dirty and disorderly, is getting on
to be careful and saving, instead of thought
less and wasteful.U getting on-to be active and
industrious, instead of idle and lazy, is getting
on to be kind and fearbearing, instead of
ill natured and quarrelsome, is getting ou to
work as diligently- in tne master s absenceas
in his presence, is getting on in short, when
we see any one properly attentive to his duties
persevering through difficulties to gain such
knowledge as shall be of use to himself and
others, offering a good example to his relatives
and acquaintances, we may be sure that he is
getting on in the world. Money is a very use
ful article in its way, but we hope to show
that it is a mistake to suppose e must wait
for a good deal of money before we can do
anything Perseverance is often better than a
full purse. There - are more helps towards
getting on than is commonly supposed. . Many
people lag behind or miss the way altogether,
because they do not see the simple abundant
means which surround them on all sides, and
it so happens these means are aid which can
not be bought with money. : Those who
wish to go on in the world must have a stock of
patience, and perseverance, a nopelul confi
dence a willingness to leam, and a disposition
not easily cast down by difficulties and disap
'Who are yeou,' asked a Ions legged Con
necticut yankee, of a rather over-bearing con
ductor on tne XNsw Heaven railroad.
'I am the conductor of these cars.'
'And all the folks ia 'em, I 'spose ?" '
Wall, I s wow 1 if that ain't a poorty go !
Yeou a conductor of other folks, and don't
how tew conduct yourself! Gosh"
One of the Governor's Council in Massa
chusetts, Hon..B. F. Gopeland, of Norfolk, dis
sented from the rest, in the case of Professor
Webster. He has published the reasons for
that ditterence of opinion, and grounds it up
on the .fact that, as he thinks, premedita
tion on the part of Dr. W. was not proved;
and that the course the council have taken,
would rather require the prisoner to prove his
own innocence, than the State to prove his
guilt .; -
S& The Rev. Mr. Bascom, has been for a
long time a popular preacher in the western
states, and consequently a great favorite among
tne laaies. At one time, very Wealtny lady
made him the offer of her heart, hand and for
tune. This was his reply : ."Give your foTttine
to the poor, your heart to God, and your hand
to the man that asKS yoa lor it"
From the Caxton.
Story of the broken Flower-pot.
PiststrRtus,the youhg hero, hurled his moth
er a favorite nowerpot out 01 tne window tn
mischief, and told the truth about it From
that time I first date the hour when I fult that
I loved my father and knew that he loved me :
from that time, too, he began to convene with
me. ' He would no longer, if he met me in the
garden, pass br,mewilh a smile and nod ; he
would stop, put ii is book iif his pocket, and
though his talk was often above my compre-
henston.sttll, somehow 1 telt Happier and better
and less of an infant when I thought over it and
tried to puszel out the meanings for he had a
way of suggesting; not teaching ;putting things
into my head, and then leaving them to .work
out their own problems.. Not long after- this
Mr.' Squills made me a present far . exceeding
in value those usually bestowed on children;
it was a large domino-box in cut ivory, painted
and gilt This ,domino-box was my delight
I was never weary playing at dominoes with
Mr. Primmins, and I slept with the box under
my pillow. "Ah," said my father, one day
when he found me raging the parallelograms
in the parlor "ah, you like that better than
your playthings, eh ?" . 'Oh, yes, papa." "You
would be very Borry if your mamma was to
throw that box out of the window and break
it, for fun ?" I looked beseeching at my father
and made no answer.
"But, perhaps you would be very glad," he
resumed "if suddenly one of those good faries
you read of could change the domino-box into
..r 1 1 - 1 L I 1
a Deauinui geranium, in a oeauuiui uiue auu
white flower pot, and that you could have all
the pleasure of putting it on your mamma's
window sill?" ."Indeed I would," said I half
crying. "My dear boy, I believe you ; but good.
wishes, don t mend bad actions; but good ac
tions mend bad actions." So saying, he shut
the door and went out I cannot tell you how
puzzled J was to make out what my father
meant by his aphorism. r But I know that I
played at dominoes no more that day. The
next morning my father found-me seated by
myself under a tree in the Harden ; he paused,
and looked at me with his grave, bright eyes
very steadily. "My boy, said he, "lam going
to walk to ; , (a town about two miles off,)
will you come ? and by-the-bye, fetch your
domino-box ; I should like to show it to a per
son there." I ran in for the box, and, not a
little proud of walking with my father upon
the high road, we set out "Papa," said I by
the way, "there are no faries now." "What
then my child ?" :
"Why, how then can my domino-box be
changed into a geranium and blue and white
- "My dear," said my father leaning his hand
on my shoulder, "everybody who is in earnest
to be good, carries two tames about witn mm,
one here," and he touched my heart, "and one
here," and he touched my forehead. "I don't
understand, papa. "I can wait till you do,
My father stopped at a nursery gardener's
and after looking over the flowers, paused be
fore a. large double geranium.
"Ah this is finer than that which your mam
ma was so fond of. . What is the cost, sir "
"Only 7s. 6, said the gardener. . My father
buttoned up his pocket "I can't afford it to
day," said he, gently, and we walked out
On entering: tne town we stopped again at a
china-ware-house. "Have you a flower-pot like
that I bought some months ago ?" Ah.here is
one marked 3s 6d. Yes that is the price.
WelL when your mamma's birth-flay comes
again, we must buy her another. That ". is
some months to wait And we car. wait Master
Sisly, For truth, that blooms all the year
round, is better than a poor geranium ; and a
word that is never broken, is better than a
piece of delf." . My head which had dropped
before, rose sgain, but the rush of joy at my
heart almost stifled me. "I have called to pay
your little bill," said my father, entering the
shop of one of those fancy stationers common
in country towns, and who sell all kinds of
pretty toys and nick-nacks; "and by the way,"
he added, as the smilling shopman looked over
his books for tins entry, "1 think my little boy
here can show you a much more handsome
specimen of French workmanship than that
work box which you enticed Mrs. Uaxton into
raffling for last winter. Show your domino-box
my dear." I produced my treasure, and the
shopman was liberal in his commendations.
"It is always well, my boy, to know what a
thini; is worth in case one wishes to part witn
it; if my young gentleman gets tired of his
plaything, what will you give him for it?"
"Wny, sir, said the shopman, "1 fear we could
not afford to give more than eightesn shillings
for it, unless the young gentleman took some
of these pretty tilings in exchange."
: "Eighteen shillings!" said my father. You
would give that? Well, my. boy,, wjienever
you do grow tired 01 your box, you nave my
leave to sell it" -
- My father paid his bill and went out 1
lingered behind a few moments, and joined him
at the end of the street "Papa, papa!' I
cried clapping my hands, 'we can buy the
geranium, we can buy the flower-pot and 1
pulled a handful of silver from my pockets.
"Did I not say right?" said my father passing
his handkerchief over hi" eyes "you have
found the two fairies!" Oh how proud, how
overjoyed I was, when after placing the vase
and flowers pn the window-sill, I plucked my
mother by the grown, and made her follow
me to the spot "It is his doings and his
money," said my father; "good actions have
mended the bad." "What! cried my mother,
when she had learned all, "and your poor do-mino-box
that you were so fond of! - We will
go back to-morrow, and buy it back, if it costs
us doublel" "Shall we buy it back, Pisistra
tus?" "Oh, no, no, no! it would spoil all!"
I cried, burying my face on my father's
breast "My wife," said my father solemnly,
"this is my first lesson to bur child, the sancti
ty and the happiness of self-sacrifice: undo
not what it would teach to bis dying day.
And this is the story of the broken flower-pot.
The Washington Union of the 21st
July, in speaking of President Fillmore's cab
" This Cabinet is well balanced, according
to its sectional relations; the President him
self and three of bis cabinet viz: Messrs.
Webster, Corwin, and- Hall (a late member of
congress from New York, and the law partner
of Mr. Fillmore) being from the nonslavehol
ding States, and the other four viz: Messrs.
Pcarce, Graham, Bates and Crittenden
being from the slaveholding Slates.
One thine may be asserted ' without the
possibility of contradaction, that this is a most
decided Whig cabinet, prepared at the earliest
moment, to re-establish W lug principles in the
administration of the government '
Mofc of ihe Booby Speeches.
William Johnston, the Whig candidate for
Governor, saw hard times when a boy. . The
difficulties he encountered in obtaining an ed
ucation, gave a cast to his character and a
eoloring to his whole life. - A raw, overgrown,
awkward boy, conscious of talents, and strug
gling, groping, in dark ness (o find the means
of improvement, he felt the importance of ed
ucation. Now, that he has surmounted the
difficulties, and become distinguished and suc
cessful, his whole heart is given to those who
are situated as he once was. He identifies
himself with them as a class, and stands out
as their advocate and friend. We give the
following extract of a speech delivered by
him some years ago, in which he puts forth
the claims of youth similarly situated, upon
the people of the state. . . O.S.Jour. .
"Sir, provide for us the means of educa
tion, and we ask no more. We ask you not
a subsistence ; our country has no hill so bar
ren, that we will not force it for bread. We
ask you not for wealth ; the ocean has no dan
ger, that we will not dare for commerce. We
ask you not for cultivated fields; our country
has no forrest, from which we will not hunt
the savage beasts, and which with these bare
but iron sinews, we will not fell at our feet
We ask you not for honor; our country has
no field of danger, that we fear to enter; no
haughty foe that we will not subdue. . Only
give us education. Our fathers were ignorant ;.
and because you were more wise, more cun
ning than they, the property that would have
been ample for us all, has fallen . into your
bands, and we are destitute of the means ot
education. Perhaps, (for we will not conceal
the truth,) many of them were dissipated, and
squandered their property. Suppose they did.
We bad no control over the early habits of our
fathers; and must we, for their sins, be doom
ed to perpetuate ignorance and degradation ?
With all this we are no agrarians we desire
no distinction of property we envy Tier man
his wealth. - Only spread the book of knowl
edge before our eyes, and teach us to read it
For this boon we ask, in the name of our Rev
olutionary fatherswho mingled their blood with
the blood of your fathers, to secure the bless
ings you enjoy, and to drive out the savages
from the fruitful fields you cultivate.- Not up
on the principle of making the rioh poor, and
the poor rich ; but upon the broad and mag
nanimous principle, on which our 'Father which
is in heaven, maketh His sun to rise on the evil
and on the good ; and sendeth rain on the
just and on the unjust' And is this not the
principle, on which a great, and rich, and mag
nanimous state, should provide lor the educa
tion of all its youth, without regard to their
condition in life ? But it may be asked, as it
frequently is, whether it is not sufficient to
provide free schools for the education of the
poor; and let those who have the means pro
vide for themselves. The answer is very sim
ple. Nature knows no distinction of this
character between the rich and the poor.
Our constitution knows no such distinction;
our religion knows no such distinction ; and
would you create such an one by law, in that
too, which of all others affects the character
of yonr population most -the education of
your children ? . Would you say to that noble
boy, who has the lineaments of a future phi
losopher, statesman, or hero on bis manly front,
'We have provided a charity school for you
and other poor boys, where you may get an
education, .but our sons must not go with you ;
we are able to pay for their education our
selves?' How would his noble spirit brook
the insult, and with a tear of honest indigna
tion in his eye, how would he spurn your of
fer to degrade, him?. And is there a poor
widow in the state of Ohio, so destitute of
spirit as to degrade her orphan boy, by send
ing him to such a school? But if you could
so subdue the spirit of the poor, so as to induce
them to accept of an education, on the condi
tion of such an odious distinction ;' what would
you gain by it ? - The virtual enslavement of
one-tenth of your population." And what
could you expect of spirits thus cowered and
broken ? Would they bare their bosoms to the
shot of death for the country that had thus
degraded them? 1 tell you nay: "
In vain might liberty invoke
The spirit to its bondage broke,
Or raise the neck that courts the yoke."
Important. . - s
The National Intelligencer of yesterday,
says a letter from New Orleans announces
thai a. treaty with Mexico securing the right
of transit by railroad across the Isthmus of
iehuantcpec, agreeably with the principles
laid down by President lay lor, in bis annual
message, has just been concluded by our gov
ernment To secure the very same privilege,
Mr. Trist was instructed by Mr. Polk to offer
five millions of dollars. President 1 aylor ob
tained it without the payment of a do lor,
"and," says the Intelligencer, "we gain-tbe ad
ditional advantage of binding Mexico to pro
tect the work which is necessary to unite with
our Pacific territories,"
Who can calculate the benefits of this rail
road and canal ? When the malignant slan
ders of his enimies shall have been forgotten,
the short administration of General Taylor,
will be regarded as the most glorious, since
Washington's that this country has ever seen.
"UsEfctiiNirss." The Fort Wyne. Times
referring to the difficulty eiiStirig between
Lord Brougham and Prince Albef t, (the
Queen's husband,) says:
"Lord Brougham has outlived his useful
ness, and Prince Albert never was of any ac
count only the purpose for which he was
imported. He seems to answer thai purpose
Probably the editor of the Times is a crusty
old bachelor. If so, be has hp business to ex
press an opinion' on such a subject
- Toledo Republican.
The facts in this case have been so clearly
demonstrated, that a crusty old bachelor, even,
would te. perfectly justifiable in expressing
an opinion. -
, . . ; - o -t . .
t3T At a 4th of July celebration in Min
nesoia the following toast was given '.
The Ships of our Navy, . ,
The Ladies of our larid, ...
May the former be well rigged,
""" And the latter well Manned.
Signs of the Times.
. For seven months Congress has been in
session and during this period there has been
incessant agitation and excitement sectional
criminations, repeated threats of dissolution,
and belligerant proclamations of forcible re
sistance, secession, fraternal blood-shedding
and civil war. There have been southern
congressional caucuses and southern slave hold
ing conventions there have been denunciato
ry gatherings of fanatical men and women at
the north, and a general co-operation and sym
pathetic union among the dissatisfied, political
fanatics, nullifiers, disunionists, windy dema
gogues, and bratraat charlatans all bent up
on obtaining notoriety all pregnant with ar
dent longings to make themselves individu
ously conspicuous in these treasonable contri
butions to the existing "noise and contusion.
Well, these signs and manifestations are ap
parently nnpropitions ominous and have re
ally most injuriously delayed and obstructed
national legislation. They have also impaired
the confidence of the friends of republican
government abroad, in the benefits and bless
ings of free institutions, and caused many
among the wise, the patriotic, and considerate
of our citizens, to distrust the integrity of the
American Union, and the permanency of our
Apparently, therefore, we repeat, the signs
of the times, are unpropitious ; but in reality.
tbe American people were never in the enjoy
ment of a greater amount of individual and col
lective prosperity. No nation on the face of
the earth, is, at this moment as secure or as
well protected in the present and prospective
enjoyment of "life, liberty, and tbe pursuit of
happiness."" The great majority of American
citizens are quietly and contentedly pursuing
the even tenor of their way happy in the
possession of domestic peace and competency,
and in tbe receipt of abundant returns irom
every industrial pursuit They are joyous
and contented, totally indiHerent to tlie "noise
and confusion" in Congress or elsewhere, and
incredulous of all predictions and declarations
of danger or detriment to the Union or tbe
The reople of this country are tbe sover
eigns the government is their government,
and the Executive and administrative depart
ments thereof are conducted by the agents of
their own selection and appointment I he
great mass of the people, therefore, conscious
of their own power and might; are not easily
disturbed by the insane cowlings of political
fanatics, the belligerant threats of noisy brag-
gats, or the agitating demonstrations ot spoil-
hunting and verdant demagogues.
At all times and in all governments there
has existed a class of restless, revolutionary
minded men, who labor incessantly for notori
ety, not distinction; and in no government
does this class more commonly abound or are
more generally, successful, in their detestible
aspirations, than in our own. In our legisla
tive halls, religious meetings, and all public
gatherings, these noisy, restless, cowardly, of
fensive notoriety-seekers make themselves dis
gustingly conspicuous upon the house-tops,
in the market places and the corners of the
streets, they are seen and heard making pub
lic outcry to attract personal notoriety, and the
great multitude of contented-minded, honest
hoarted, industrious citizens, who fill the lanes
and avenues, the marts and the fields of prof
itable and healthy industry, are diverted,
amused or disgusted, according to their re
spective humors, by these fanatical harlequins,
who mount the stumps, the fences, the hil
locks, and other conspicuous elevations, and
make loud proclamations of approaching dis
solution, existing corruptions, impending dan
gers of evil commotion and fraternal blood
By the afflictive dispensation of Providence,
a great and good man the Chief Magistrate
of the Republic is removed by death, and
then we see the political, vampyres of party,
uniting with these agitators and disturbers, of
the public peace, seize upon this great- national
calamity, as an appropriate occasion' ioi as
sailing the Administration of the Government
and mingle with their hypocritical lamenta
tions,. treasonable exultations at predicted and
wished for governmental embarrassments, dis
tracting agitations, and national disquiet
Now we think this game has been carried
on, and passively tolerated long enough. We
are sick of this protradted agitation, and this
unquiet undignified, inharmonious, legislation
in congress, and desire toftee the state enjoy
ing calm repose,, secure from the " disturbing
influences of fanatical, blustering .and threat
ening charlatans; that all good men at home
and abroad, may have renewed evidence: of
our strength and conscious security, -and we
appeal to all good citizens -of all parties, of
whatever geographical position, who value tbe
peace, the happiness of their country, and the
perpetuity of the Union," to ldnd by and sup
port the government of the Republic, and the
constitutional Executive thereof. .
President Fillmore has no factious associa
tions, fanatical sympathies or ultra-opinions
he is no mere political partizan. He is a man
of tried personal and political integrity, ot dig
nified demeanor, considerate but firm and de
termined in purpose and action, a thorough
republican, a patriot and a christian. The
reins of. government are in the hands of a
trustworthy statesman, the railings and threat
enings of fanatics and ultraists will neither
alarm nor disturb him, and unless we cast
stumbling blocks in our own pathway, our
country's course must be onwafd and upward.
Bkautt asd Boott. The examination of
the Cuban patriots has proved that the knew
where they were going, and what they were
going for. They were promised "plenty of
women, plenty ot plunder and rum, ana coras
of tobacco, as much as they could rojl int."
ggr The Cincinnati Gazette thinks .that the
effects tit the cholera on the census returns of
Hamilton county, will be to diminish it full
twenty thousand. Not that the number of
deaths have been neat that amount; but the
disease has diminished emigration; and caused
many to leave the city.
There were 10 deaths from cholera in
Burlington, Iowa, on the 13th and 14th inst
Among the number was Mrs. Clark, the wife
6'f the Governor, and daughter of senator
Dodge. A Mrs. Francis Weir, and Miss Jane
Stull, who were visiting Mrs. Clark, died at
the same time. ..- .........
. 4 A general movement is making in New
York city, to purify the -"Five Points," and
there appears to be ecry prospect of success.
How they Voted on the iVew Mexico
We have given a history of the movements
of Congress to defeat the representation of
New Mexico, in our daily reports of the pro
ceedings. We here subjoin the names of
those members who were absent when the
final vote was taken, and of those from the
free States who voted to lay the resolution for
the admission of Smith the delegate, on the
table. But first we give an analysis of the ac
tual vote: .
For N. Mexico. Dem. W. , F. S.
.'-Free States 19 C2 '9
: Slave States 0 2 0
Total 83 22
Total Yeas 106; Nays 94
The numbers from the free Ststes,wli' were
not present there, were Whigs in italics. De
mocrats in roman type ; , "
Thos. J. D. fuller, Me; Joseph W. Casey
Pa.; Daniel P. King, Mass.: Moses Hamp
ton, Pa.; Jtdius Rockwell, Mass.; Lewis C.
Levin Pa.; James Wilton. H. James X.
McLanahan, Pa.; Harvey Putnam, -N. Y.;
Henry Nes, Pa. Gideon Roynolda, N. Y.;
David T. Disney, Ohio; Moses Hoagland.Ohio;
Wm. A. Socket, JV. Y.; Samuel T. Vinton,
Ohio; Peter H. Silvester, iV. Y.; Nath'l Al
bertson, Ia. ; Antlreio K. HayrN. J.; Joseph
E. McDonald, Ia. ; John Van Dyke, iV. J.;
Edward D. Baker, III; 14 whigs and 6 demo
crats. V... ' ... --'
Those from the free States who voted
against New Mexico, were : -
Mains Elbridge Gerrr, Nathinaniel S.
Littlefield, Cullen Sawtelle 3.
New Hampshire. Harry Gibard, Charles
H. Peaslee 2. :;
Connecticut. Leon P. Waldo 1.
New York Hiram Walden 1.
Nuw Jersey Issac Wildrick 1.
Pennstxvania Milo M. Dimmick, Job
Mann, John Robbinson, Jr., Thomas Ross,
William Strong, James Thompson 9.
Ohio John K Miller, Wm. A. Whittle
sey 2. . " " '
Indiana Wm. j. Brown, Cyrus L. Dun
ham, Willis A. Gorman 3.
Illinois Thomas L. Harris, John A. Mc
Clernald, Wm. A. Richardson, Timothy R.
Young 4. . ' !
Michigan Alexander W. Buel 1
Iowa Shepperd Leffler 1 -
These, we believe, all call themselves demo
crats, but only one is from New York.
Cost of Constitution Staking. .
The State Journal furnishes the following
items, being the total cost of making the pre
sent constitution of Ohio : .
Pay of members $2,649,41
Printing Constitution, Journal, fcc 345,00
frinung bills lor tne vonvenuou e,uu
Total cost $3,002,41
In striking' contrast, tbe following sums
have already been paid on account ot tne con
stitutional convention, which bos scarcely be
gun to make a new constitution. The items
are from the Auditor's omce ana mis is tne
Repairing State House and inciden
tal items $757,61
S. Medary printing paper" ' 122,50
Postage A. F. Perry, P. M. " . 1,828,57
S. Medary, printing 8,300,00
Members and officers 24,844,41
Amount paid out $31,043,73
This amount has been paid already, and
many bills are not yet presented, This is
"Democratic economy" cheap Locofoco re
form! , What has been done? ' Nearly ten
weeks have been spent making speeches, to
make a book not half ot tbe reports cave been
considered in committee, and not a single ar
ticle of the new constitution definitely settled.
Anecdote of Gen. Taylor.
"Henrico," the Washington correspondent
of the Philadelphia Bulletin, rektes the fol
lowing anecdote of Gen. Taylor. It serves to
illustrate his cKaractef?nd it is well known
that he was the same unassuming, simple cili
zen in his high station, that he was while in
retirement of private life the same as Presi
dent of the United States, as the subordinate
serving another. The writer says
''One anecdote, to which I was cognizant I
will briefly repeat A glazier and painter,
well known in the city to the resident popula
tion, was one morning passing through the
Presidential grounds, and having never seen
the General, was of course ignorant of his per
son. However, while in the act of passing
the portal of the eastern wicket gate, he en
countered a plaiuly dressed gentleman who,
intently gazing upon the garden belonging to
the Executive Mansion, did not observe the
approach of the painter until he had rudely
come in contact with mm. wnereine
are your eves!" exclaimed the latter in a pas
sion. "Can't you see where you'r going ?"
'Pardon me, responded the unconscious in
truder; 'but the fact is, he added with a
good humoured smilej ''I was . wondering
whether the garden there was as forward and
as nice as other ffardens in the city, and did
not notice your proximity until 1 liad encoun
tered you." " "Umpb!" observed the painter;
"do oti suppose the garden of a President
would look as fine as our common gardens? I
rather think not "I do not see why," con:
tinued the strange gentlemen, "for I work it
rltyself and takH the test care of ii." "Oh then
you're the old fellow's gardener, are you ?" in
quired the painter. "Now tell ms is he as
surly as the people say of himr 1 should
like to see the old codger." 'Well, my friend,'
rentarked tile interrogated in the same plea
sant vein, "I do not know what people "l;iy of
his disposition, but if ii will gratify yod to
be made personally acquainted with bim, per
mit me to in troduce myself General Taylor,
at you service!" " - ,
"You you, General Taylor! ejaculated
the painter, with delightful eyes, and grasping
his hands more tightly, ; -"Oh, L- d!" and
with that he took to his heels, never stop
ping until be was fnr enough from the scene
of. introduction. The General enjoyed the
joke hugely ; but ever after contended that thn
feiilritef would make a bad soldier;"
The Convention Inquiries.
Cleveland, July , 1850.
Mr. Bascom Sir: Will you please inform
the public why the Convention adjournd to
Cincinnati, and not to Cleveland, as wa ex
pected ? If they could not get done their
work sooner than October, I do not complnio
of tho adjournment; but I do think the poiat
selected a little remarkable.
Yours, Truly, .
We have endeavored to keep the public ad'
vised of what the Convention said and did, but
to state the reasons for them is a touch be
yond us. Cincinnati, however, is the largest
city of the State, and, having the capit;i! first,
it was fair to try the Queen City next They
can have comfortable quarters at the Burnet
House, at two dollisrs per day, leaving one
dollar for net profits or extras. It does not
follow that Cleveland will not have her share.
Should the Convention not be able to finisa
by spring, it may adjourn to Cleveiund next.
We do not understand that it is obliged t j
wind up this year or next There are a great
many questions of progressive democrecy
which have not yet been exhausted, and per
haps it might be well to made the Conven
tion a permanent institution in the State, for
the improvement of gilts and. the resolvifig of
doubts. The State printer says he has new
printed about SCO pages of debates; these
pages are in double columns, mtiking s- -'-a
low solid columns ot talk aliready out r ot
one single feature o:f the constitution was cog
elusively settled. The reports of committees,
we believe, were ail in, and the Uonventioa
had got far enough to indicate a disposition
not to agree to many of the important reports,
and to knock them to pieces, throwing tbe
whole matter back where they begun. 'Xbey
did not definitely settle between Messrs. Rob
ertson, Archbold, and Dorsey, which kind of
democracy "was the genuine arjicle, and whose
signature must be found on the label to avoid
counterfeits and imitations. Having talked
ltKHI solid columns of close print, and rested
upon it some five months, while their atten
tion is devoted to private business and general
politics, the Convention will meet sgara ;n
December, A good deal, of course, will havei .
been forgotten. We presume the first inquiry
will be as to what business was leu unfinished.
and the committee on unfinished business will
report that their business is all 'vrtfimnkcd.
Then a committee may be appointed to report '
what was done, and it will have to report that
nothing was done. Then, perhaps, a commit.
toe may be directed to inquire what thev have
yet to do, and we suppose it will report that
they have yet ta make a new constitution.
If the question should be asked bow far they
are ahead of where they started, the answer
must be 800 pages, or 1880 solid columns,
and between $3O,Gi)0 and $10,009- When
they get launched a second time, how many
members will repeat what they have said be-
fore, or how many disputes may arise as to
what is contained iu the 1509 columns of
talk already printed, no human foresight cmt
determine. In the raeantime,any new domoti-'
strations may serve to complicate the already
vexed and tangled question, as to what is
true democracy a matter of so much import
ance to be settled in the new constitution, that
the people can well afford to wait and pay ex
penses. The next Legislature, we hope, will
make a liberal provision, so that the conven
tion need not feel itself hurried
The truth is, there is a good deal of valua
ble popular instruction in those- debates, if
people would only but read them; and we
give them to the public so cbeap that all ay
one need hesitate about is the time it takes. If
every head of a famjly,.would make it a point
to read two columns of the book every morn
ing before breakfast, he could read the de
bates, aS fiir as they have now gone, in a lit
tle over two years, and by reading two col
umns inore every night before going to bed, it
could be done in a little over one year. At
the rate of 13 columns a day he vrouM ac
complish it in a little over three months; and
by setting aside inflexibly out of every week
six days for that purpose; he would be able to -keep
up and have Sundays to rest The
thing is not so impossible as many Suppose,
and we wish the people were mOrc itwuke ta
its importance By and by they must vote
upon it; and then they ought to know. T!.,y'
used to make a Constitution with a pretty
good plain finish, stout and durable, in a few
weeks. ' The idea then was to leave it short
and plain and stout, so that every body could
understand and remember the best parts of it.
And that sort of a thing answered a very good
purpose for the old folks ht early times; But
the State is getting rich, and Democracy has
progressed prodigously. W'e want something
now a little more ornamental aftd stylish, ia
order that the young folks may have achanc')
to cut a figure. We do not ever, despair of
getting a constitution as long and as big'y fia-
ished as some of those they make in Franct.
It will not in all probability the cohslitutioa
itself fill a volume larger than Swan's stat
utes; perhaps it may not be longer than tho
law relating to executors and administrators.
You can buy a book to explain this last men
tioned law for a dollar, and then if you can un
derstand the book you are fixed. With a con
stitution which ought not to be; and probably
will not be longer than Swan's statutes, and
two or three volumes of debates,- of lt'9 col
umns each, to explain it, the chances will bei .
pretty stvong that every man caa End some
thing to Suit him: If some gentleman will gei
up a concordance or index of a few handrod
pages, not to exceed in cost trio or three dol
lars, the people will be able to know what thej'
are about Cleveland may yet.see the Con
vention, and all will go' right When, we do
get a constitution we shall probably . get
enough to last for some time if no more.
' - O. S. Journal.
. ; 3T,Tlie Canadian Wheat crop is iaid to
be a remarkably abundant one. . The fields
are nunSefou, with a' stout nhd eienh growth'
of straw. Tb6 wheat crop of Canada has be
come of great importance id the States, -si
much of it is marketed here: -
- :, ' ; "."q . V" . ;
JtZ& The Springfield (tilirioii) Joiirunl "men
tions that a couple of farmers npar that city.
have just completed "tho harvesting of a forty
acre field of wheat; yielding fiboi S5 to 40
bushels per acre, " The crop throughout the"
entire state is first rate: , - : ..
An improvement recency adopted ia
the formation of bricks is to shape them so
that they dovetail each other. ' By this meant
extraordinary strength is obtained.
. i ' ' V .
. The losses of the Insurance Cormsuiiea 'f
the late Philadelphia fire amount to ? 10
tine' Company lost 100.000,