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FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, AUGUST 17, 1850.
JL' JL W sLJ JJ-J lYJuL 2 AL
J. S. FOUKE, Editor and PnbHsher.
The Fn, ; published every Saturday morn
ing Office In Buckland' Briek. Building third
sjtory; Fremont, Sanduaky county, Ohio.
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JOB PRINTING OFFICE:
We are now prepared to execute to order, in a
neat and expeditious manner, and upon the fairest
terms; almost all descriptions of -
xf ARriBILLX, .
Show Bill. .
BtLLS or LaDtMO,
I. aw Cases,
Bail Ticbxti.xtc., etc
We would say to thos
of our friends who are
want of euch work, you need not go abroad to get
it done, when it csn.be done just as good at home.
SOXS OF TEMPERANCE.
Fobt Stefheiwoh Division, No- 432. Stated
meetings, every Tuesday evening at the Division
Room in the old Northern Exchange.
CADETS OF TEMPERANCE,
" Fort Stefhessos Sectiou, No. 102, meets eve
ery Thursday evening in the Hull of the Son of
I. O. O. F. .
' CnootfAS Lokot., Ne. 77, meet at the Odd Fel
lows' Hall, in Buckland Brick Building, very
Saturday evening. .. . .-
" ROBERTS, HUBBARD & CO.,
.AinrrACTunxtis or .
Topper, Tin, and Sheet-iron Ware,
J .... AIU) DEAI.KB lit '
Strres, Wol, Hides, Sheep-pelts, Rags,
Old Copper, Old Stoves, Ac., 4c.:
ALSO, ALL SOSTS OF GSCINB TiXMK KOTTON8
Pease's Brick Block, No. 1.'
-, .. .... -,- FREMONT, OHIO. - 32
STEPHEN BCCKXiANJ 4c CO.,
- .. DEALERS IX ; ; -
Drags, Medicines, Faints, Dye-Stuffs,
Books, Stationaajr, &c.j
; m FREMONT, OHIO. :
. IIALPII P. BVCKLANDl
Attorney and Counsellor at JLaw,
And Solicitor in Chancery.'wil! attend to rrofess
: ional business ia Sanduaky and adjoining counties.
Office Second tory of Buckland' Block.
' ' FREMONT, OHIO.
ti . - ; JOHN Ii. GREENE,
' ATTORNEY AT LAW,,
f And Prosecuting Attorney, for Sandusky county.
Will attend to all professional business eutrusted to
bis care, with promptness and fidelity. ;
: Office In the second story of Buckland' Block.
:". . FREMONT, OHIO.
.: CHESTER EDGERTONi
' "Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
And Solicitor in Chancery, will carefully attend
to all professional business left in his charge. - He
will also attend to the collection of claim &c, in
this and adjoining coonties. , '
Office Second story Buckland' Block.
FR.EMOMT, OHIO. 1
. IS. J. BARTLETT,
Attorney and Counsellor at taw,
: VV ill give his undivided attention to professional
Business in Sandusky and the adjoining counties.
Office Over Oppenhelmer 8tov.
FREMONT. OHIO. 1
1.1 i. RAW SONi
. ' PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
OfHo North side of the Turnpike, nearly oppo-
s.le :h rostvtnce.,
.... .' FREMONT, OHIO. ""- 14
, . PIEKBE BEACGBAND:
PHYSIO IAN. AND SURGEON,
' Respectfully tenders hie professional services to
the citisens ot r remont and vicinity,
i- Office On door north of E. N. Cook's Store.
BlBtual Fire Insurance Comjanj.
"7l 11. P BUCItlAXI, Agent:
- . - f FREMONT, OHIO.
POST OFFICE HOCKS.
The rpcolar Pest Office hours, until further no
tice will be 08 follows: - .
From 7 to 12 A.M. and from T to 8 P.M.
. - Sunday from 8 to 9 A M, and from 4 to 5 P M.
; ... ...... -r ; W.M. X-, M.
, Farms to Iet!
SEVERAL FARMS, near Fremont, and conve
nient to th Turnpike. HT TO RENT.
Some of these have Eighty to Ninety acres clear
ed thereon, with comfortable Houses, Bafus &c.
Enquire of SAML. CROWELL,
r , General Land Agent.
Muskalnnge, March S, 185051-5
' AND GENERAL
FREMONT, SANDUSKY- COUNTY, 0.
WM. KESSLER, Proprietor. ;
MR . KESSLER. announce to the Traveling
Public that he ha returned to the above well
known stand and is now prepared to accommodate
in the beat manner, all who may favor him with
. No effort will be spared to promote the comfort
and convenience of Cueats.
. tiJ" Oood Stabliko and careful Ostlibs in at
ten dance. - . .
I Freitiont, November 34, 1B49 36 '
W" ARRANTY, Mortgage, and Quit Claim
Deed for aie at th . t
ft ot tr g.
From the Ohio State Journal.
... MECHANICS) SONG.
Tom 'Old Dan Tucker."
On the second Tuesday of next October
Is the time that' fixed for every voter
To go to the poll, and there to ay,
"O Rrnben Wood, get out of the way !"
Choro William Johnston's true and steady
He's seen hard times he's Rough and Ready;
: And while we sling our aledge and hammer,
We'll trust him with our standard banner.
On Yellow Creek he was born ar.d bred,
Where every man work for his bread;
.. There honest men saw in Bill's nature,
Juxt their man for the Legislature.
Chorus William Johnston's, &c.
As Boon a there he rolled hie eleevea
tNol like some, to take their ease)
But went to work as the great and good,
For laboring men done all he could.
Chorus William Johnston's, &c.
Now every school-house boasts hi praiao,
And grateful heart united raiie
With one accord to give applause
To hini who eave us Free-School Laws.
Chorus William Johnston', &c.
To run a race, he ne'er was beat
By any man, on any heat;
And next October will decide
That William shall have Reuben's hid.
Chorus William Johnston', &c.
Ill i a c 1 1 1 a n t o tt 5 .
From the Batavia Advocate.
The Balloon Ascension.
We are indebted toMr. Thurston for the fol
lowing account of his Balloon Ascension. It
will us read will) interest:
...... Batavia, July 27, 1850.
Commenced the nidation at half past 1 1
o'clock, cut loose from my moorings nt 4 o'clock
m-.nutes. The Ball urn being new ana well
Elled ascended very rapidly, and in the space
of 3 minutes I was entirely hiddun from the
multitude in the dense clouds, which were
about half a mile high, and appeared to be
try touch agitated by the wind. Art it pas
sing entirely through the clouds the sun shone
in all its splendor upon me. At 4 o clocu IU
minutes I reached a current of sir which ap
peared to blow from the south east, and w sit
ed me with great velocity. At 4 o'clock 13
minutes I reached a current ol v ;na wmcn
caused mv balloonto vibrate iind make a
quick rotary motion, which is c alled by sailors
"seasickness;" but in about two minutes 1
passed through this flaw of wind the mercu
ry standing at this time at 30. At 4 o'clock
18 minutes my isalloon became tully distend
ed, the hydrogen escaping at the lower orifice,
which was intentionally left open. I immedi
ately opened th valve and let a portion of the
gas escape to ease her, which did in a meas
ure, but did not seem :o check ber upward
flight, for, like the proud eagle, she soared
aloft as if determined to leave all fog and mist
below, which she had now nearly accom
At 4 o'clock 20 minutes, I found I had
reached the eastern current of air and was
passing; eastward with great rapidity, although
unconcious of any motion. I consideied my
self at this time about 10,000 feet from tbe
earth, and still ascending with great velocity.
A scene here presented itself far beyond
my ability to describe, and 1 will not attempt
it only in outline. About 3,000 feet below
me the clouds appeared like a vast ocean of
down in continual motion, as tar as tee eye
could extend, and of tbe purest white ; and
above me not a cloud to be seen nothing but
the blue canopy of heaven, which contrasted
beautifully with the sjlvery clouds beneath.
The sun was now about two hours above the
horizon. I cast my eyes to the east, and saw
the shadow of my balloon on the clouds be
neath, surrounded by a bioad halo displaying
all the tints of the rainbow. While contem
plating the scene, Morpheus invited me to his
arms and for a few moments 1 was wrapped
in slumber, from which I was awakened by
the hydrogen escaping from the lower orifice
of the balloon, and coming in contact with my
olfactory nerves. Looking; at my watch and
Gnding that I had slept 5 minutes I imediate-
ly opened the valve. The escape of the gas
resembled that of tbe escape pipe of an en
gine. . . :
I judged myself at this time 13,000 feet
from the earth. My body appeared to be very
much distended, breathing unnatural although
not difficult, and my eyes so much distended
as not to endure the rays of the sun without
giving me pain. My heating also was very
acute, as I could hear the lowing of cattle,and
the rumbling noise produced by carriages.
At 4 o'clock 40 minutes I began to calcu
lating my probable position, and from the
course I had come I concluded I must be near
my "own home, and determined to descend
and obtain the result ef my calculate ns.
I opened the valve Bnd cRme down in a
dark dense cloud, so dark as to render me un
able to see the top of my balloon. When in
this position, I again got into a contrary wind
which caused my car to vibrate violently and
I again brought on sea-6ickness and vcmitmc.
At 4 o clock 53 minuts I had descended
through this dense cloud and found that I
was in sight of Canadice and Hemlock Lake,
and making direcily for the former. I imme
diatnly inflated my life pr serAer to be in readi
ness in case I was to have a watery alighting
place ; but happily the wina changed and I
alighted on the farm of Horace Hopping, in the
town of Canadice, Ontario county, and three
miles from my own house, at precisely 5
o'clock, being 55 minutes from the time of
starting, travelling a distance of 45 milps, and
only 6 minutes in sightof the earth during the
As I descended through the clouds I was
observed by my friends, among; whom were
W. D. Lemon, J. E. Remington, D. H. Hanch
ett, H. Gregg, and others, .and although at a
distance of three miles from my own home, I
had scarcely time enough to secure my bal
loon before these gentlemen were in attend
ance with carnages to convey me home.
This kindness which has been so often
shown me on previous occasions I now take
great pleasure in acknowledging.
This is my twelfth aerial voyage.
IRA J. THURSTON.
The following good toast was given by John
M, Botts, at a Fourth of July celebration in
Virginia:- ' ,
"Union and Independence: The Siamese
Twins of the day we celebrate. An indisso
luble connection makes them one. Who seeks
ip destroy lig is to friend of Qhang for
the dissolution of ons conligh tbe other to
the tomb." '
Another of the " Booby Speeches."
It happened at a certain State Education
Convention, as long ago as 1839, which was
attended by the present AYhig candidate for
Governor, that a learned professor in one of
our colleges, advocated the teaching of the
French and Spanish languages in our common
schools under certain circumstances which he
mentioned. As might be expected, this drew
down a crushing response from Johnston,
which we give below : O.SJour.
And here I cannnot refrain from remarking,
that nearly all our fashionable schools for the
education of the wealthy classes of society, and
all the literary periodicals I have read, with a
few exceptions, have an anti-American tenden
cy. Indeed, such is the rage for foreign man
ners, and foreign fashions, and foreign tongues,
that your barber shaves you accoraing to me
fashion latest from London or Paris! Your
lady's milliner dresses her out with a Victoria
bonnet! and the dandies begin to curse their
grooms, and the madames to scold their hus
bands, in rrencD! wnne gooa, oia patriotic
Yankee Doodle and Hail Columbia give way
to the Italian Air and Polish Walti! And
here I fear I shall come in contact with the
views of my good friend from Cincinnati, (Prof.
Stowe,) in relation to the introduction of some
of the living languages into our schools as a
part of common school education, in doing so
1 hope, indeed I know, I shall give no onence.
A gentleman, whose learning (great and ac
knowledged as it is) is not so bright an orna
ment to his character as is bis love of truth,
will pardon me all I shall say from an honest
conviction of what is right, even if it should
not meet his views. I do not believe, as my
friend does, that Spanish or French, or other
languages, either living or dead, except where
the necessity of the case may require it, should
ever become a part of our common school ed
ucation. 1 he attempt to introduce them would
defeat the benevolent object of the gentleman ;
because at last it would be only the children
of the rich who could enjoy its benefits. The
poor man who has a large family to educate,
(and children are the poor man's blessing) re
quires the labor of the elder children to sup
port the younger ones; and indeed, he cannot
support them without it ; and when the popu
lation of our country shall become more dense,
and the rents of property and the price of
land dearer, the labors of the poor man s chil
dren will become of more and more importance
to him. The period then to be employed at
school, being necessarily short, ought to be de
voted to the acquirement of the kind of knowl
edge most important in tho common operations
of life. And after reading, writing, aretbme
tic, English crrammar, geography, mathemat
ics, mechanics, and other practical branches
shall be acquired, there will be no time left for
the study of branches, to say the most of them,
of secondary importance. And would it be
advisable to fritter away the time of youth on
such pursuits ? But "there is no disputing
about taste." . Give me the solid beef and
bread, and bacon and potatoes of learning; and
let those who can, subsist on the sweetmeats.
But I would be opposed to that course of ed
ucation, because our common school education
should be patriotic ; and to be patriotic, it
should be American in its character. Yes, it
should be American in its character, even at
the risk of being homelv. . The association be
tween the tune and the ballad is not stronger
than that between the sentiment and the lan
guage of a nation ; and when you adopt its
language, you take its feelings and its man
ners along with you "for better or for worse."
And is there anything in the fiddling frivolity
of France, or the biggoted hauteur of Spain,
that would be worth engrafting on the charac
ter of an American republican ? I cannot be
lieve that the character of our people would
be improved by the contact with either. As
for my own part, if driven to a choice between
evils, I would not know whether to elect t
French Revolution or a Spanish Inquisition,
Do not mistake me Mr. President I do not
make these remarks from any hostile feeling
towards foreigners. I entertain no such feel
ings. I make them for the purpose of show
ing, that if those miserable clanish feelings that
now widen theaps m society by setting the
Irishman on tbe throat of the Dutchman; by
stirring up the ancient prejudice of the Gaul
against the tinton ; and by provoking tbe ieal
ousy of the native-born American against them
all can be broken down, it is by an efficient
and uniform system of common school educa
tion ; because no prejudice of family or nation
can be so strong as the bonds of youthful
friendship strengthened by the thrilling rec
ollections of school-boy associations. I make
them for the purpose of showing, that if ever
a patriotic devotion to the honor and interests
of our own country is to be made a part of the
education of oar own children, it can never be
so effectually done as by a well regulated sys
tem of free schools ; because nothing can so
much endear their country and its institutions
to them as the grateful recollection that they
are indebted for their education to the munifi
cence of those institutions.
We find, says the Commercial Advertiser, a
more full extract from the report of the House
committee on commerce, recommending ap
propriations for harbors, which embraces the
following additional for the Lakes:
Kalamazoo River Harbor
Grand River Harbor
The Cadiz Republican says that Mrs.
Abbv Kellev Foster, lectured in that place oh
Thursday last, and that she gave Webster gas.
and J. R. Giddings particular thunder. The
good ladj'j it seems; reverses the homopathic
principle of similia slmillW eurantur. S.-Jour.
J. S. FOUKE, Editor.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1850.
OF HAMILTON COUNTY.
FOR BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS,
AIiEXAjVDEII o. cosover,
OF AUGLAIZE COUNTY.
For the Freeman.
The Convention on the 9th inst.
On Friday, the 9th, agreeable to previous
notice, a large number consisting of all politi
cal parties, assembled in the Court House, in
this place, to deliberate on the most expedi
tious method of doing justice to Califorria and
New Mexico, and to prohibit the extension of
Slavery in the newly acquired Territories.
Such an object must meet the favorable con
sideration of all, throughout the Northern and
Free States, and the warm approbation of ev
ery philanthropist and humane individual, in
the Southern or Slave States, upon that sub
ject There would be but one sentiment, were
they all to speak, let Liberty prevail; let ter-
ntude and slavery be restrained to their pres
ent limits, till the Slave States shall awaken to
their own interests and correct their own er
rors. But it is not to be supposed, all would
agree on the shortest and most judicious way
to accomplish those objects. Indeed, we see
congress has consumed many months in con
sulting, and making speeches. In the height
of acrimony and excitement that prevailed at
one lime, many thought that Mr. Clay's com
promise bill was best calculated to assuage or
allay irritated feeling, and put an end to party
strife upon these questions, and sicerely hoped
it would be adopted. But many obstacles to
the "Omnibus" bill (as it was termed) were
brought forth, as insurmountable barriers.
The political atmosphere in a short time seem
ed in most turbulant commotion. The heal
ing balm had been offered to wounded pride,
or angry passions; oil had been copiously
thrown upon the boisterous waves of discord
and rage, but toith no mittigation of their vio
lence. Something more must be done. An
other effort must be made to calm the troub
led deep and ensure a haven of repose and
At this unpleasant, and in fact, alarming
juncture of political affairs, President Taylor,
whose presence of mind never failed him in
the most perilous times, proposed a sovereign
When all parties, Whigs, Free Soil Whigs,
Democrats, Free Soil Democrats, and the
would be more wise and pure Free boilers,
were trembling for fear slavery would be ex
tended into territory now free, he advised to
admit California with her free constitution,
without any reference to other and collateral
questions. And what a calm did this produce
in the agitated minds of those who had sup
posed he was averse to the Wilmot Proviso,
and in favor of the extension of slavery ?
Born in a slave state ; an extensive slavehol
der; yt avows his abhorrence of the propa
gation of slaver', and urges tbe admission of
California with her free constitution. AH par
ties enlisted in the cause of humanity and free
dom, were now looking to the President, hop
ing much from his wise counsels. Their hearts
beat in common with his, while violent com
motions amongst the friends and advocates of
slavery, had measurably subsided; knowing
the wisdom, justice, and sagacity of General
Taylor were not to be met with contempt,
scorn or boasting; that reason, and patriotism
must terminate the contest Hence a happy
issue was expected in the further deliberations
But now, when so near the consummation
of our political rights, how changed the scene!
The President had filled up the measure of
bis days. He is suddenly called from the im
portant station to another, where he may reep
the reward of his virtues. At no time could
his death been more lamented by the country,
he so lobg served with fidelity and honor.
Truly, in the language of Mr. Winthrop, "He
died too soon for every body but himself
He is succeeded, we must admit, by a man
of more erudition, and experience in political
schools, but not having had an opportunity to
acquire that reputation for firmness, calmness,
wisdom and forethought in imminent peril,
which all accord to General Taylor, he cannot
at present have so entirely, the confidence of
all parties. The same difficulties that have so
long agitated the nation, are yet to be settled ;
and mahy, no doubt ' from sinister motives,
will endeavor to embarrass his administration.
So many abstruce and perplexing questions to
be considered and adjusted, render his station
unenviable. He has need of our sympathies
and cordial support in the discharge bf his
We are happy to learn, the rights of Cali
fornia, and other questions connected with them
have been resumed by congress; and' as the
Omnibus bill has failed, notwithstanding the
weight of talent in its favor, We anticipate a
happy result, when the admission of Califor
nia and New Mexico shall be urged on the plan
of bur late President, supported by the talent
of Mr. Benton. Should they be admitted into
the Union with their free constitutions) and a
territorial government established for Utah, it
does seem that all the other questions relating
to slavery may be amicably settled, Jii . re
gard to the boundary between Texas and New
Mexico, there should be no doubt It is clearly
the duty of congress or tbe supreme court of
the United States to settle that question.
Should Texas attempt a forcible occupation of
that portion claimed by New Mexico, Mr. Fill
more would unquestionably, exercise his con
stitutional power to restrain, and reduce them
to obedience and peace.
In view of all the most prominent features
of our national affairs the coalescing parties, in
the utmost harmony formed and adopted res
olutions applicable to all exigencies, and the
various sectional interests of the Union. The
resolutions bespeak political wisdom, justice,
and patriotism. Were such a course to be
adopted by all parties in every county through
out the northern aad free states, it might have
a beneficial effect on our legislators in congress
both from the north and the south would see
that the people are not to be trifled with ; that
their money is not to be expended for vain
boasting, long sessions, much clamor, and mak
ing speeches for pastime, and the true inter
ests of the country neglected. Representa
tives in both Houses would be looking more
to the will and judgment of their constituents,
than forming political plans to aggrandize
themselves. They would be likely to realize
more, their direct accountability to the people,
and become more faithful in the performance
of their duties.
The nature of our free,' representative gov
ernment, renders it obligatory on the people,
not only to elect the most honest and compe
tent to make and execute their laws; but also,
to watch with a scrutenizing eye, and vigilant
mind, the way they discharge their respective
offices, and how they regard the sacred trust
committed to their charge. It b by the peo
ple thus exercising their minds that they are
made capable ot self-government. By this
practice, there will always be found among the
mass of the people, men of genius, talent and
knowledge, capable of filing the places of those
whose terms of service have expired, or who
have been dismissed for a dereliction of duties.
With such intentions and watchful care, our
country will prosper it will ever be "free.
Proeeeding s of the Meeting on the 9th.
At a meeting held pursuant to notice, irre
spective of parties, in the town of Fremont,
Sandusky county, Ohw
Hon. JAMES JUSTICE, was chosen Pres
ident, Dr. Daniel Brainabd and Jas. Moore,
Vice-Presidents, and John L. Greene and
Homer Everett, Secretaries.
R. P. Buckland, one of the signer of the
call for said Meeting, briefly and pertinently
explained the objects thereof to be, to consult
together and give full and free expression to
the sentiments of the people, in relation to the
immediate admission of New Mexico and Cal
ifornia into the Union, disconnected from all
other questions, and also in regard to the fur
ther extension bf slavery.
On motion of L. B. Otis, Esq., the following
named gentlemen were appointed a committee
to draft Resolutions for the Meeting, viz: C.
J. Orton, R. P. Buckland, A. Coles, Rev. F. Sv
White, S. Birchard, and John Bell.
Committee returned, and after a short ad
dress reported the following preamble and res
olutions, to wit:
Whereas, the people of California and New
Mexico, in accordance with the doctrines of
the Declaration of Independence, and those
held by the Immortal Fathers of the Repub
lic, and in conformity with the theories which
have heretofore obtained in the United
States, and with the acts of territories here
tofore formed into states; have asssembled
together in their sovereign capacity, and
adopted constitutions which are republican
in form, and now ask for admission into the
Union in the character of sovereign states;
therefore, as the opinion of this Conven
tion, be it
Unsolved, That in conformity with the prin
ciples of right and justice the former practice
of this government, the letter of the constitu
tion, and the guaranties of the treaty with
Mexico California and New Mexico were and
are entitled to an immediate and unconditional
admission into the Union as sovereign states;
that to sacrifice the public treasure, or what
would be worse, to extend slavery to any of
the tree territories of the united states as a
condition of their admission violates the princi
ples of the Union and the spirit of the con
stitution. Resolved, That the practice of combining in
one bill a series of legislative enactments, in
congruous in their character, is subversive of
honest legislation. It necessarily assails the
integrity, the independence and the judgment
of the representative fosters corruption, and
in effect thwarts the will of the majority, and
is in the highest degree dangerous to the lib
erties of the people ; that in the opinion of this
convention, every attempt of this character for
the adjustment of the exciting questions which
now agitate the country, will, and of right
ought to prove abortive, and will only tend to
increase acrimonious feelings and sectional
Resolved, That we will abide by all the
compromises of the constitution and cordially
invite our southern brethren to do likewise,
and unite with us in honest, fervent and-un-tiring
efforts for the perpetuity of our glori
ous Unida. i
Resolved, That the constitution clearly con
fers upon congress the power to restrict and
prohibit slavery within the territories belong
ing to the United States that this power has
been exercised without question in numerous
instances, and sanctioned by nearly every Pres
ident from Washington to Polk, inclusive
and that no territorial government in future
should be sanctioned by ccongress, which does
not contain a distinct and absolute prohibition
Resolved, That the proposition that cong
ress has the constitutional power lo extend
slavery over territory now free, is new, heret
ical and monstrous; and will, not receive the
countenance of any resnectable number of the
people of the United Stale! .: -
Resolved, l,hat while we disclaim all inter-
ierenee with slavery in the several states, we
feel it to be a solemn duty to oppose by all
honest and legitimate means, the extension ol
an institution which brings in question the na
tional honor, and is a reproach to the name
and principles of republicanism, which de
grades labor, banishes the com monr school, and
excludes the free laborer from the milder lat
itudes of the republic; that the extension of
the line of 36 degs. 30 min., is justified by no
precedent, and if it was, could not receive our
sanction or asent ; that the Missouri comprom
ise so often appealed to, instead of extending,
narrowed the limits of slavery, while the pres
ent proposition undertakes to set bounds to
free territory, and desecrate the whole south
west by establishing slavery within its borders
forever. . '
Resolved, That the ordinance of 1787, an
emanation from the prophetic mind of Thos.
Jefferson, was simply, a carrying out of the
doctrines of the Declaration of Independence ;
time has but exemplified its superlative wis
dom, and unbounded prosperity has accompa
nied it and followed in its footsteps; let Ohio
and the north-west be pointed to in proof of
Resolved, That the thanks of this nation are
due to the noble-hearted men, who in the
United States Senate have battled in favor of
justice and freedom, and against the proposi
tion to barter away the liberties of unborn
generations. We do not deem it invidious or
calculated to detract from the just merits of
others, to particularly mention 1 nomas 11. Ben
ton of Missouri, who, rising above self-interest
.and the prejudices of birth and education, in
the lace of death to his political preferment,
has dared to do right.
Resolved, I bat inasmuch as the people in
habiting the east side of the upper Rio Grande,
were never conquered by Texas and have al
ways repudiated her authority it would be un
just and contrary to the spirit of the constitu
tion to attach them to the state of lexas, there
by compelling them to submit to an authority
which always has been, and probably always
will be, odious to them.
Resolved, That it is the duty of the Eexec
utive of the United States to defend New
Mexico against invasion by Texasjor any other
state ; and for this purpose to use the army
and navy of the government, and if necessary,
call for volunteers, lhat we rejoice in tbe
the news this day received that President Fill
more avows his determination to discharge his
whole duty, and we pledge him our sympa
thy and support in this mattter.
Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings
of this convention, duly attested, by the offi
cers thereof, be transmitted to our senators
and Representative in congress, with a request
that they be laid before tbe Houses to which
they respectively belong.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this con
vention, bo published in the papers of this
county, and that tbe Ohio Statesman, the Ohio
btate Journal, the ioledo Commercial Repub
lican and Toledo Blade be respectfully request
to copy the same. ,
The convention was addressed in support of
its objects and the resolutions, by the Rev. F,
S. White, B. J. Bartlett, L. B. Otis, John L.
Greene, R P. Buckland, C. J. Orton, and Eph
raim Wood, Esq., after which the Resolutions
were adopted, with but one dissenting voice,
The convention was very fully attended and
many of the ladies of town gave their sanction
to the proceedings and contributed to the or
der and interest of the occasion by their pres
ence. JAMES JUSTICE, Pres't.
DANL. BRAIN ARQ,
John L. Greeks,
Judge Johnston's Meetings.
We learn from the Ohio State Journal, that
the Whig candidate for Governor will meet
his fellow citizens at the following places, viz.
Cadiz, Harrison county, Monday Aug. 3 at
2 o'clock P. M.
. New Philadelphia, Tuscarawas county, Aug.
6, at 2 o'clock P.M.
Massilon, Stark county, Aug. 8, at 3 o'clock
Medina, Medina county, Thursday, Aug. 8,
at 3 o'clock, P. M.
Chardon, Saturday, Aug. 10, at 3 o'clock
Jefferson, Monday, Aug. 12, at 3 o'clock
Warren, Wednesday, Aug. 14, at 3 o'clock
Ravenna, Thursday, Aug. 15, at 3, o'clock
Hudson, Friday, Aug. 16, at 3 o'clock P. M.
Oberlin, Saturday, Aug. 17, at 4 o'clock
Sandusky City, Monday Aug. 19, at 3
o'clock Pi M. .
Future announcements will be made from
time to time, as arrangements are perfected.
We hope the central committees of the sev
eral counties will take immediate steps to se
cure a ceneral circulation of this notice. Let
the rally be general. No Whig should fail to
hear out able and gallant candidate, on the
public measures of the day.
Questions that Judge Wood wouldn't
1. Are you in favor of prohibiting the fur
ther extension of slavery in our country?
2. Does Congress possess the power to pro
hibit slavery in the territories'?
3. Is it expedient for Congress to exercise
that power? -
4. Should Congress abolish slavery in the
District of Columbia, or else remove the seat
of government to a free state? '-
5. Are you in favor of admitting any more
slave states into the confederacy ?
3 - ' -
'Do you want to buy a rale prime lot of but
ter ?' said a Yankee notion dealer, who had
picked up a lot from fifty different places, to
a Boston merchant
'What kind of butter is it? said the mer
chant. "The clear quill; all made by thy wife, from
a diary of forty cows; only two chiirninajs.
'But what makes it of so many- different
colors ?' said the buyer.
'Darnation, hear that now. I guess you
fvntilt vint sf that .riuestion if vou'd Seen niV
cpws, for,tuc ei!. darned sight speceld;;
'than the butter is.'
To the Senate and Hovse ;
' of Representatives: -.
I herewith transmit to the two Houses of.;
congress a letter from his excellency, the Gov
ernor of Texas, dated on the 14th day of June .
last, addressed to the late President of the
United States, which not having been answer- -.
ed by him, came to my hands on his death; '
and I also transmit a copy of the answer which
I felt it to be my duty to cause to be made to
lhat communication. Congress will perceive
that the Governor of Texas officially states
that by authority of the Legislature of that
State, he despatched a special commissioner
with full power and instructions to extend the .
civil jurisdiction of the State over the unorgan-
izea counties ot .1 raso, worm, jrresiao ana
Santa Fe, situated on the Northwestern limits. ;
He proceeds to say that the eomnwsioner' -
has reported to him in an official form lhat ihe
Military officer? employed in tbe service of the'
United btstes, stationed at bsnta re, inter
posed adversely with the inhabitants to the
fulfilment of his object, in favor of the estab
lishment of a separate State Government east
of the Rio Grande and within the rightful limits
of the state of Texas. These four counties
which Texas proposes to establish and organ
ize as being within her own jurisdiction, ex
tend over the whole of the territory east - of
the Rio Grande, which has heretofore been re-
garded as an essential and integral part of the' '
Department of New Mexico, and actually gov
erned and possessed by her people nntil con-" -quered
and severed from the Republic of Mei-
ico by the American arms. - -
The Legislature ot l exas has been called to
gether by the Governor for the purpose, as is
understood, of maintaining her claim to the
territory east of the Rio Grande, and of estab
lishing over it her own jurisdiction and her
own laws by force. These proceedings of Tex
as may well arrest the attention of all branch
es of tbe government of the United States,
and I rejoice that they occur while congress
is yet in session. ' "
A crisis may be brought on which wiiisum-
mon the two houses of congress, and still more
emphatically, the Executive government, to :
the performance of their respective 1 duties.-'
By the Constitution of the United States, tho
President is constituted commander-in-chief of
the army and navy, and of the militia of the
several states when called into the actual serv-"
ice of the United States. -
The constitution declares also that he shall
take care that the laws be faithfully executed,
and that be shall from time to time give to
the congress information of the state of tbe
Union. Congress has power by the constitu
tion to provide by calling for the militia to ex
ecute the laws of the Uuion, and suitable and -appropriate
acts of congress hare been passed," .
as well for providing for calling forth the mili-"
tia as for placing other suitable and efficenO
means in the hands of the President to enable
him to discharge the constitutional functions of
his office. The second section of the act of .
the 28th of February, 179S, declares that
whenever the laws of the United States shall
be opposed, or their execution obstructed, in
any state, by combinations too powerful to be
surpressed by the ordinary course of judicial
proceedings of the power vested in the marsh
als, the President may call forth tbe militia Id
far as it may be necessary to suppress such
combinations and cause the laws to be duly
By the act of March 8d, 1807, it is provid
ed that in all cases of obstruction to the laws
either of of the United States or any individu
al State, or Territory, where it is lawful for
the President to call forth the military, for th
purpose of causing the law to be duly execut- -ed,
it shall be lawful for him to employ for the)
same purposes such part of the land or naval
force of the United States as shall be judged
necessary. These several enactments are novr
in full force; so thai if the laws of the United
States are opposed or obstructed in any state,
or territory by combinations too powerful to
be suppressed by the judicial or civil authori-
ty, aud it becomes a case in which it is tbe
duty of the President either to call out th
militia, or" to employ themilitary or naval forcsj
of the United States, or to do both, if, in his
judgement, the exigency of the occasion so re?
quire, for the purpose of suppressing such,
combination, tbe constitutional duty of the
President is plain andperemtory the author-
ity vested in him by the laws-for the perform
ance clear and ample
Texas is a state, authorized to maintain hex
own laws, so far as they are not repugnant to
the constitution, laws and treaties of the Uni
ted States; to surpress insurrections sgaihst
her authority, and to punish those who com-!
mit treason against the State, according to the -forms
provided by her own laws. . But this
power is local, and confined entirely within
the limits of Texas herself. She can possibly
confer no authority which can be lawfully, etj
ercised beyond her boundary... All this is
plain, and hardly needs argument or elucida
tion. If Texian militia, therefore, march into"
any one of the other States, or into any terri
tory of the United States, there to execute, or
enforce any law of Texas, they become at that v
moment trespassers they are ho longer uh '
der the protection of any lawful authority, and "
are to be regarded merely as intruders; and -
if within such state or tert itory they obstruct
any law. of the United States, either fty pow
er of arms or mere power of numbers, consti
tuting such a combination as is tod powerful t9
be suppressed by the civil authority, the Pres v
ident has no option left to him, but is bound tt
obey the solemn injunction of the constitution,
and exercise the high powers vested in him:
by that instrument by the acts bf cohgress.
Or if any civil possej armed Or unarmed en- .
ter into any territory of tbe United States, un
der the protection of the laws thereof, with
intention to seize individuals to be carried else?
where for trial for alleged offences, ahd this
posse be too powerful to be resisted by the
local and civil authorities, sueu seizure or at-,
tempt to seize is to be prevented or resisted .
by the authorities of the United States..
" The grave ahd important question no aris
es, whether there be in Uio territory of Kev
Mexico aBy existing law of the United States,
opposition to which would constitute a- esse
calling for the interposition of the authority ;
vested in tho President. The constitution of
the United States declares that the constitu
tion arid laws of the United States which shall
be made in . pursuance thereof, and all. the.
treaties made or which shall be taade under, :
the authority of the United States, shall be
the supreme law of the land If, therefore.
New Mexico be a territory of the United Statcfc -
and if any treaty stipulation be in force there
!n Biil, frAatir tatmiiiAt.tsi ic ihn cnnrs-mA lns
in, such treaty stipulatioB is tho supreme laif.
jJi.t'.W 14! and S -to bo maintained and p'
i and (IS w
'held; and accoravngir In tile .iv.-u.-i . v .u