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Xatsjs of (Dfjlo;-: -
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LAWS OFA JACAL CHARACTER.
.- f AN ACT -'" - ?:
T incorporai th town of FREMONT, in S-
- 4j nr'.. .W-.Vr' -
1 Sec 1. Be it enacted by the General As
sembly of the state of Ohio; That the reserva
tion of two tuiUs square, at the Lower rapids
- f th Sandusky river, ia the county of San
dusky and state of Ohio, be, and the same ia
hereby created a town corporate, with perpet
ual succession, to be known and designated by
v the name of Fremont, to be governed by the
provision of an act entitled "An act for the
regulution of incorporated towns, passed Feb
ruary 18, A. D. 1833. and the actsamenda
tory thereto, ia all cases not provided for in this
act i 1 -" - Vr,, -V
Sec. 2. That the town council of said town
of FremonVshall have power, by ordinance or
ordinances, duly published, to requite all own
ers of iota, lot or part of a lot, in said town,
to make and construct a pavement or side
walk, of such material, and of such width, and
- . on such street or streets, and in conformity
. with such grade, adjoining such lota, lot or
. part oi a lot, together with a good substantial
curbing and gutter in front of such sidewalks.
and also to alter and' repair .such' sidewalks.
pavements, curbing and gutter, or either of
them, as the said town council shall direct ;
and also to direct a good and substantial rail
ing to be erected in front of or on the margin
of said sidewalk and repair the same.
... See. 3 If any owner of any lots, lot or part
of a lot, as aforesaid within said town, shall
: ., neglect or refuse to construct, alter or repair
. mch aidewal, pavement, curbing, gutter or
ratling, when required so to do, in accordance
.'-with the provisions of the preceding section of
t-mt ', this act, and within - the time prescribed by
' the town contrail, the town council may then
proceed to construct, repair or alter such side-
. . walk, pavement, curbing, gutter or railing, and
. and may recover the cost and expenses there
V t, of from the proprietor, or proprietors in an ac----.
tioa of assumpsit, is any court having cogniz
"s ance thereof, with costs of suit ; or the said
J,'W' town council may assess such costs and expen
ses as a tax on the premises, and the amount
.,. -r when so assessed and certified by the record
.t -er of said town to the auditor of Sandusky
3ieTconnty, shall be by him charged upon the du-
' plicate of said eounly, to such lots, lot or part
of a lot, and collected and paid over by the
t , treasurer, of Sandusky county in the same
' i .manner that other taxes for said town are re-
- . quired to be collected and paid over. The
;" f '. provisions of this arid" the preceding section
shall apply as well to lots, lot or part of a lot
owned by charitable, or religious, or other as
sociations, as to those owned by individuals.
.-,;. Sec 4 That the said town of Fremont be.
"" and tho same is hereby created a special road
j,. 'district, and the town council shall have the
exclusive control of the working and knprov-y-
ing the streets, alleys and public-highways,
and roads in said town; and the labor on the
public highways shall be performed by the in
habitants of said town, under the direction and
supervision of the said town council, or an offi-
cer appointed by them for that purpose, who
. shall be governed in the same by the laws
.now in force prescribing the duties of supervis
i '"" ora, and relating to Toads and highways, ex
eept so far as they may be modified or chang
ed by the "ordinance of said town ; and all road
moneys collected by tax on the taxable prop
"" erty in said town, shall be paid by the county
, treasurer to the treasurer of said town , to be
--r. expended for road purposes within said town,
Sunder the direction of said, council "x-.;"
Jj".S.,5 That upon the application of said
,"towa eouncil,the court of common pleas of said
" county, shall appoint three judicious men, free
' holders of said town," to appraise the in-lots
i. and out-lots within the limits of said town,
granted I by congress for the use of schools;
that said appraisers shall make their reports
- " in the manner pointed out in the act regulat-
ing the sale of ministerial and school lands,
, and the surrender of permanent leases thereto,
" l-lpassed February 2, 1843, and the subsequent
l - proceedings relative to the sale of aaid lots,
sail Da co
-- - of faid act.
lS ' Sec. 6. Said town council shall have power
to make and publish all " ordinances they may
""deem necessary to aecure said town from rav
age by fire: to levy and collect tax for the
Tmrooee of providing a fire engine, hooks, lad
. ' dera, and other fire instruments for said town,
-and to reauire and compel such of the inhab-
: itants of said town as are property holders to
iT.furnish themselves with aa many fire buckets
M the said town "council shall think 'proper,
T?i"Bd to direct of what material, and in what
manner said buckets shall be made; Provided,
i " that the tax aforesaid, in this section mention
ed, shall not in any one year exceed two mills
on the dollar valuation, as the same has been
t"L.or shall be appraised and returned on the
grand levy of the state, and provided, further,
that the tax in this section mentioned, shall not
i be levied on any lands ' in said town, except
'aucn as have been at the time of such levy
'1 urveved and laid out into in-lots or outlots,
U?' nor on any personal property owned and kept
J , oa the lands excluded irom taxation as aiore
Sec. fc'Said town council shall have pow-
er to levy a tax for corporation purposes, on all
the real estate and personal property, and cap
ital of every description subject to taxation
within the limits of said town, as the same has
been or shall be appraised and returned on
'tfc orand lew of the Btate, which tax shall
- not in any one year exceeed one and one-half
i . f mills on tbe dollar of such valuation. '.
Sec. K' The power given to the said town
council to levy taxes, as provided for in the
third and aixth sections of this act, shall be ex
j. ' elusive of and in addition to tbe general tax
T .T provided for in the seventh section. . ": ;
Sec 9. The town council shall have power
to vacate any part of any survey, or plat of
"said town, on application of interested owners,
.( . ejd on being satisfied that the same will be
!T. ' of nublio utility.- - i -.... s
" - - - Sec. 10. The said town council shall have
"nower. and they are hereby authorized to reg
T?"ulate the fisheries in said town, and to require
'' and comnel the abatement and removal of all
" nuisances within the limits of said town, under
such regulations as may be persenbed by or
dinances; and to cause all cellars, or grounds
' ' where water shall at any time become stag
nant, to be raised, filled up or drained, at the
expense of the owner of the same ; and to re
quire tbe removal of all putrid animal or veg-
etable substance within the limits of said town,
' - to any necessary distance, for- tbe protection
' of the inhabitant thereof ; the , town council
shall have power by ordinance to prohibit
ny bogs, awine, horses, cattle, or 6beep,from
-'runninff at large by reasonable fines and pen
B" aitiea. -
t Sec, 1.1. Xbe aaid town ;council shall have
' mv to emnlov a com Detent surveyor to as-
"certain tbe corners of the streets, alleys and
IX i-'lota, or any of them in aaid town, and plant
permanent stone for the preservation of the
' came. '"'
-' Sea. 12. This ecf siall be tates and receive
ei 3 a!l courts, asd by all judges, justices o!
4 . '-tie pea.ee, and otiier public obcers as a puoi.c
Sec 13?" All acts and parts of acts in rela
tion to the town of Lower Sandusky, and in
relation to the reserve two miles square at the
lower rapids of the Saudusky river, in San
dusky county; Ohio, inconsistent with this act,
are hereby repealed.. ; All ordinances and by
laws now in force under, and by virtue of a
cerporate authority 6f the town of Lower San
dusky, are hereby declared to be and remain
in full force as ordinances under the act, un
til duly repealed; The town of Fremont here
by incorporated, sliiill be .held and bound for
all the debts and liabilities of the late town of
Lower Sandusky, and the town council elected
under this act shall hold all the judgments,
books, papers, and property, belonging to said
town of Lower Sandusky. " Officers shall be
elected annually ort the first Monday in ApriL
This act shall take
effect from and after its
BENJAMIN F. LEITER, ..
- Speaker House Reps. ,
, CHARLES C. CON VERS,
:" " Speaker of Senate.
' March 23, 1850. " '
Auditor's Office Sandusky co., O. )
' '- Fremont. August 24, 1850. ' J
I hereby certify that the foregoing is cor
rectly copied from the copies in my posses
sion. HOMER EVERETT,
j y -'-J - s ! Auditor Sandusky co.
Life at Twenty.
Dow, jr., describes life at twenty in the fol
lowing unique manner:
'Friends, at twenty we are as wild as pat
ridgea. , There's no such thing as taming us;
we ride thnt fierce fiery and head strong ani
mal, Passion, over fences, ditches, hedges and
ledges on to the devil leap the five barred
gate of reason without touching the curb of
discretion, or pulling harder than a tit-mouse
upon the strong rein of judgement. And at
twenty you are a perfect locomotive going at
rate of sixty miles an hour; you heat boiler,
love the steam which you sometimes blow off
in sighs and hope, fear, and jealousy are the
train you drag. At this season of life you
are filled with exhilerating gas of romance;
every thing looks romantic by spells even a
jackass philosophising over a barrel of vinegar.
You (both girls and boys) now read novels
till you gizzards have softened into sentimen
tal jelly, and settled into the pit of your stom
ach Oh ! I know how you feel! you feel as
though you would like to soar from star to star !
kick little planets asidf, take crazy comets by
their blazing hair, and pull them into their
right courses, sit upon the highest peak of a
thunder cloud and dangle the red lightning
between your thumb and finger as a watch
chain, and then dive into the golden sunset
sea, and sport with the celestial syrens.
Speed on, pull the nose of the man in the
moon, ransacifcreation, knock a few paines
out of the windows of heaven, and then flutter
down gently as a breeze, and find the darling
object of your love mending stockings!
That's how you feel."
. The Precious Metals.
Hunt's Merchants Magazine for August,
contains an elaborrt satistical article on "The
Precious Metal, Coins, and Bank Notes," from
which we extract the following tacts:
The amount of gold and silver extracted
from' the mines of America, from 1492 to 18-
03 as registered, was $5,806,700,000.
1 he wear and loss of coin has been vari
ously estimated at from one-fourth to one-half
of one per cent annually. The best opinion
seems to be that it is about one-third ot one
per cent, in ten years; 13 per cent in fifty
years, and 25 per cent in one hundred years.
The loss from bre is probably nearly one-tenth
of 1 per cent annually; from banging and
transportation by land and water, about as
much more; and from friction, more than
ene-tenth of one per cent annually.
The amount of gold and silver annually
used in Europe ana America for plate, gilding
watches, jewelry, and other utensils and orna
ments, is about $18,000,000.
The amount of specie estimated in use in
Europe and America,on the 31st of December,
1840, was $l,20O,C0O.
,! ' . . 0 . '
' Tbe Oldest Inhabitant.
In the adjoining county of Jefferson there
resides a worthy citizen, whose name is John
Vanhooser, now in tbe one hundred and twenty-second
year of his age. Until recently, he
was in the habit ot walking to ana trom town
on calls of business, a distance of five or six
miles, without experiencing any fatigue. He
is a German by birth, but emigrated to this
country about one hundred years since. He
was in several of the most important battles
of our revolution. He voted for General Wash
ington for President of the United States, and
boasts that he has never failed at any election,
for President from that time till the present to
vote the Whig ticket! We understand that
recently one of his daughters, a la of eighty
year of age, paid him a visit, and found the
old gentleman in his usual health. We doubt
if another such case of longevity can be found
in the United states. ;
i?,... -s. i Knoxville (Ten.) Register.
Lafontaine and the Apple.
The good Lafontaine was in the habit of eat
ing every morning a baked apple. Une aay
he had placed one to cool upon tbe mantle.
piece, and had gone meanwhile into the lib
rary.- One of his friends entered the room.
saw the apple and ate it. Lafontaine on re
entering, not seeing his apple, doubted not
what bad become ot it- ,
" Then he cried with emotion, "Ah, who has
eaten the apple that I put on tbe mantel?"
- "It ws not me," replied the other.
"So much the better my friend."
"And for what reason?"
'" "For what reason 1 " replied Lafontaine, 'be
cause I had put arsenic in it to poison the
"Heavens! arsenic! I am poisoned," said
the other; "quick, some antidote!"
"Be calm.my friend," said Lafontaine laugh
ing, "it was a trick to which I resorted to dis
cover who had eaten my apple."
A Temperance Argument.
The Angelica (Allegheny co., N. Y.,) Ad
vocate contains the following powerful clerical
A catholic priest passed up the line of the
railroad, through Alfred, the other day visiting
tbe catholic Irish, and finding one of them in a
grocery selling liquor, ordered him to abandon
the traffic. A few days after, the priest came
along again, and finding the man still selling
liquor, took an axe and knocked in tne neaos,
and let the liquor out of every barrel in the
shop. The Irishman showed some resistance
to the priest's movements, for which the priest
L'ave him a horse whipping, telling him dur
ing the flogging, to keep cool perfectly cool!
"Och. an what's ver honor asoin to give me
seein as it's mys'lf that saved yer honor's
. - , : t ot
oouse irom Durning ro asues eourajr : -"Hottso.
"Ac sure, when it cotcled a firsTrasn't I
I ti second one that hollered fire first"
, FREMONT, OHIO,
JT. S. FOCKE, Editor.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1850.
, FOR GOVERNOR, 1 i M : .
,"t Or HAMILTON COUNTY.
" FOR BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS,
ALEXANDER G. COSOVER,
OF AUGLAIZE COUNTV. , -
" . FOR SENATOR,
. JOHN KELLEY,
' Of Ottawa Co.
Of Sandusky Co.
WHIG COUNTY CONVENTION.
WHIGS OF SANDUSKY COUNTY!
The time hat again arrived when it ii ntcesaary
that tee ihould be doing something in the way of organ
isation. Union it Strength; without union we have
no hope that the principle! which we believe to be
right, will ever triumph. Our opponents are al
ready marinating their forces; and while energy
and activity characterize all their movements, why
ahould indolence and lupineneas be found alone in
the Whig ranka? Think of these thing' therefore.
In view thereof, the Central Committee request
the Whig of Sandosky county to meet at their re
rpective places of election in the several townahip,
' On the 17th day of August, inst.,
to nominate Delegate to attend a Whig Maea
County Convention to be holden at Fremont, on
Saturday, Sept. Tth, at a P. SI.,
for -the purpoae of nominating candidates for the fol
lowing offices, via:-
County Treasurer;"1 , ' e
Prosecuting Attorney ;
One Commissioner, and
One Poor House Director.
DANIEL L. JUNE.
JAMES S. FOUKE,
T. S. HULL.
CHAS. G. MUGG,
CHAS. G. GREENE.
Whig Central Committee.
Tbe Conventions at Pcrrysbnrg.
It will be seen that John Kelley, Esq., of
Ottawa county, was put in nomination for
Senator, and Hon. Samuel Treat of Sandusky
county, for Representative, by the Conven
tions which assembled at Perrvshurc on the
Mr. Kelley is known by many of our citi
zens as an industrious and enterprising far
mer, as a man who has held several important
offices in the county in which be resides, as
a conservative and unwavering Whig, and the
most of all, as an honest man. He is a man
whom every voter in this Senatorial district
can support with pride, ana whom ev
ery Whig, especially, should aid in electing.
Of Mr. Treat it is unnecessary for lis to
speak. He always carries the Whig strength,
and if our Locofoco friends of this district un
derstood what was for their own good, and
what was good for the people of our State,
he would carry their votes too.
The Whig parly always nominate men who
are qualified to act as legislators should they
be called upon to do so ; the locofoco party al
ways nominate men who will do no hurt if
they do no good, in other words, do-nothing
men. look at tne history oi tnis pan oi toe
Locofoco heritage, and let the facts speak.
Si3 We send our paper to several persons
this week who are not now subscribers, with
the hope that they will become such. Our
subscription list is not yet as large as we had
hoped it would be, but we are gratified to
state that it is constantly on the increase.
Some fifteen or twenty names have been ad
ded to our books within the last three weeks.
for which we are very thankful, and hope that
they will induce others "to go and do likewise."
Our terms are one dollar and fifty cents to be
paid within three months after subscribing, or
two dollars within the year.
We will receive on subscription, if delivered
in Fremont, Wheat, Corn, Oats, Hay, Pork,
Beef, &c, dec, and allow subscribers the Fre
mont market price for such articles when de
livered. For the want of a horse and buggy,
to enable us to go on a peddling tour, we
must decline receiving, on subscriptions, such
articles as razor strops, whetstones,brandreth's
pills, truysott's sarsaparilla, wooden handled
pen-knives, curry combs, and such like artic
les, but soft soap will be taken, as we wish to
try the experiment of "soft soaping" our loco
foco friends, as it is impossible to produce any
good effect by useing a more substantial ar
ticle. Our neighbor of the Democrat suc
ceeds so well with that article, that we believe
it is the only remedy that will touch their un
Persons who do not wish to become sub
scribers to the Freeman will please return it
by mail or otherwise.
State Fair Postponed to October.
The Board of Agriculture have concluded
to postpone tbe time for holding the Ohio
State Fair (at Cincinnati) to the 2d, 3, and 4th
days of October next
The reasons for this change are, the prob
ability that the fear of cholera may continue
to excite apprehensions in the minds of some,
especially when traveling or assembling in
large crowds, until after the time heretofore
appointed for the Fair; also the low stage of
water in the Ohio river is likely to obstruct
travel and navigation above Cincinnati during
September; and farmers will have more leis
ure in October after wheat sowing is done. It
will also be a more favorable time for trans
porting and exhibiting choice stock, and for
the show of fruits by tho Pomological Con
We arc not authosized to announce that
the Pomological congress will change its time
for assembling, as there has not been sufficient
time to bear from its officers, but we think
there can be no doubt of their consenting to
the change. - - - ---
' Editors are requested to notice the above
change of time in their papers.
.... .w .- , . Ohio Cultivator.
The Kew Cabinet. "
Messrs.jPonrad .and McKennan ,bay ac
cepted the appointment of President Fillmore
to fill the places of Messrs. Pearce and Bates
declined.' His cabinet is now complete as fol
lows: : " ,
Daniel Webster, of Masachusetts, Secretary
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, Secretary of the
Treasury; , ?
Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana, Secretary
of War; ; -
William A. Graham, of N. Carolina, Secre
tary of the Navy ;
1 nomas M. McKennan, of Pa., Secretary of
Interior; ' ' " '
N. K. Hall, of New York, Post Master Gen
This is a gain of one member to the free
states on. the first nominations. With the
President it now stands, 5 from the free, and
3 from the slave states.
Mr. McKennan was a member of the 27th
congress, and as a member of the committee
of ways and means, was one of the principal
framers of the tariff of '42. The Buffalo Ex
press speaks of him thus:
"Of the whole seven, there is not one better
qualified for his position than this gentleman.
tie is a man of vigorous understanding, strong
common sense, and extraordinary executive
faculties. He is wonderfully popular in Penn
sylvania, and his appointment will give gene
ral satisfaction in that state, bo lar as the
administration of bis department goes, we
should say he would be fully equal to Mr.
Ewing and that is high praise, for in official
aptitude, Mr. E. had few superiors while he
is far more courteous, socible and kind-hearted."
Mr. Conrad was formerly U. S. Senator
from Louisiana, and was a member of the
House when appointed. He is a man of tal
ent and integrity; national in his feelings and
opposed to the ultra views of most of the
southern members. Huron Reflector.
Our Candidate for Governor.
We rejoice to note the progress of our can
didate on the Reserve. There is every prob
ability of his uniting the feeling of that here
tofore strong hold of the Whig party much
more effectually than it has been for some years.
His course is eminently pacific, and as there
is that open, manly bearing about him that
takes hold, at once, on the good will and sym
pathy of his hearers, we look for the most fa
vorable results. Our private information from
that portion of the State agrees with the uni
form tone of the public press. A few days
since the Judge was in Ashtabula county, the
very centre of political free-soil influence.
The Ashtabula Telegraph gives us the follow
ing account of his reception, and his speech on
that occasion : State Jour.
Judge Johnston at Jefferson.
As in good old times of the unity and pride
of old Ashtabula, the people of the county
poured into the county seat on Monday the
day appointed, ihe 12th of August will here
after be held in remembrance as the com-
mencement of a new era gifted with a more
luminous and liberal policy.
The day was as fine an August dar as the
sun ever saw, and although the hour tor tbe
delivery of the Judge's address was late and
inconvenient for our dairy county, although
ihe indispensible duties of our farmers kept
them at the works of baying and hervesting,
still the big teams rolled into Jefferson, and
by the time appointed it may be safely said
every township in the county had its repre
Judge Johnston received' his fellow citi
zens in the long room of the Strong
House, and all found it an easy and pleasant
thing to make his acquaintance for, in per
son, address, and feeling, it is very plain the
Judge was emphatically "one of the people"
large in stature ot a most benevolent coun
tenance endued (as it soon appeared) with
a mind of collosal proportions but still "one
Aout 1 o'clock the "big teams" from Ash
tabula, preceeded by the beautiful carriage of
the splendid and admirably appointed Kings-
ville Brass Band, "rounded to," at the Strong
House. Private equipages poured in from all
quarters the hour of three arrived and in
front of the Court House on a modest plat
form, surrounded by the bone and sinew of
the county William Jhonston, for the first
time, stood in the presence of the people of
The address, which occupied two hours and
twenty minutes in its delivery in power com
prehensiveness, wit, humour, and pathos
deepened as it went on in interest; and com
ing nearer and nearer home to us, till at the
conclusion it lett but one impression on every
hearer that William JoF.sTon wields a gt-
ant intellect, and that the true political faith
has no more faithful nor victorious apostle.
We have full notes of this most noble ad
dress and in our next week's issue, shall as a
matter of duty to the people of this county,
give it unmutilated, with the full conviction
that no man could hear it, or read, and not go
away a wiser, a more enlightened and a bet
Board of Public Works.
Beauties of a Locofoco Administration.
The following, which we quote from the
last Summit Beacon, is a sample of tbe admin
istration which locofocoism will confer on the
people of Ohio, if they will elect it to office
next October. It is the same kind which we
experienced under the reign of locofocoism
from 1836 to 1845, when our present enor
mous state was contracted, millions of it with
out any equivalent to the state, but to feed
and pension a host of party creatures in utter
idleness, at the expense of the public treasury.
Are the people anxious to elect another loco
foco to the Board of Public Works?
Management on the Canal. Grievious
complaints are uttered loud and deep, in this
vicinity, of mismanagement on the canal. A
fleet of boats have been detained here a week,
for the removal of an obstruction in the shape
of a sand bar, which ought to have been re
moved in a single day, without drawing off the
water, under proper management These are
the first fruits of action on the part of the
Board of Public Works, had in defiance of ca
nal men, shippers, and the mass of community,
irrespective of party, ihe little clique who
advised and controlled the appointments here,
were uninfluenced by considerations of fitness,
and public interest They had a grist of their
own to grind aad they wished to pay tbe grind
ers at the expense of the state. The profits
of the operation are not yet summed up.
iSff" Ex-President John Tyler and family,
are spending the sumtner-at Saratoga. .
" " Election Returns. r
'Missouri. -Our latest 'accounts trora St
Louis, by telegraph, are lo the 1 3th Tnst They
report that four whigs and one Benton demo
crat have been elected to congress as follows: !
John F.. Darby, whig, 1st district - I
Gilchrist Porier, whig, 2d district
John G. Miller, whig, 3d district
" Chas. E. Bowman, whig, 4th district ''' , -John
S. Phelps, Benton democrat, 6th dist.
-. The returns for members of the Legislature
are not all in. So far as received, the report
says that 60 whigs, 32 Benton democrats, and
22 anti-Benton democrats, have been elected.
A gain of four members of congress, and
one United States Senator, making a nett dif
ference of ten, will do very well for one state.
It makes a very fair start for a new congress.
- , O. S. Journal.
Washington, Aug. 14.
Iowa Elections. Dispatches from the
west state that Geo. G. Wright, whig candi
date for congress in the 1st district, has beat
en Bernhart Henn, the opposition candidate.
This is the district from which Thompson
was last time returned bv the theft of the
Kanesville poll-book. Nobly done, Iowa!
It is understood that the other district has
chosen Lincoln Clark, loco, and that the oppo
sition state ticket is also elected. - ,
N. Y. Tribune.
Boston, Aug. 19. -;
Massachusetts. In the 1st district but a
small vote up to the present time. E. A. El
liott, whig, will doubtless be elected. In the
2d district C. F. Upham will probably elected,
and in the 4th it is supposed there will be no
choice. Polls closed at sunset.
Admission of California.
In the Senate those who voted for the bill
Messrs. Baldwin, Bell, Benton, Bradbury,
Bright, Cass, Chase, Cooper, Davis of Mass.,
Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa,
Douglass, E wing, Felch.Greene, Hale, Hamlin,
Houston, Miller, .N orris, Fhelps, fehields, bew-
ard, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood,
Upham, Wales, Walker, Winthrop, Whitcomb.
Those who voted against it :
Messrs. Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien, Butler,
Clemens, Davis of Miss, Dawson, Downs,
Foote, Hunter, Mason, Morton, Pratt, Rusk,
Sebastian, Soule, Turney, Yulee. 19.
The votes from the slaveholding states in
italic. Look at the nays. - Four whig votes,
and fifteen locofoco votes. From the slave
states Messrs. Benton, and Houston, were the
only locofocos that ventured to go for the bill;
while on the whig side Messrs. Bell, Spruance,
Wales and Underwood, all from slave states,
voted for it. The whig vote from the south
was equally divided, four for, and four against
it; while the locofoco vote from the south
stood two for it and fifteen against it The
bare reference to the above list and the state
ment of these facta will carry with them their
own comments to the American people. It
shows which party is, as a parly, in favor of
this measure. O. S. Jour.
Letter of Daniel Webster.
Tee letter of the Secretary of State, dated
August 5th, in reply to the letter of Gov. Bell,
of Texas, written last June, to President Tay
lor, is published in the Washington papers.
He informs the Governor in reply to "his in
quiries, that Col: Munroe acted under the or
ders of Gen. Taylor, in issuing his proclama
tion to the people of New Mexico for holding
a convention to form a state constitution, and
that President Fillmore "feels bound to ap
prove the conduct of Col. Munroe in issuing
the proclamation." In reference to the rights
guarantied to the people of New Mexico, by
the treaty with Mexico, he says, "It will, of
course, be the President's duty to see that
this law is sustained ; and the protection which
it guarantees made effectual and this is the
plain open path of Executive duty in which he
The New York Tribune speaks of his letter
thus: Huron Reflector.
Mr. Webster's letter to Gov. Bell of Texas,
on the boundary question has the ring of true
metal. There is hardly a word in it that could
be spared ; and while the langurge is studi
ously calm and moderate, the positions taken
cover the essential ground and are impregnably
fortified. We seldom meet a state paper of
equal felicity and vigor. We can imagine no
reply to them save with the Bowie knife, and
even that is not in point with the bayonets of
a regiment of regulars confronting it it don t
reach the case.
We shall see whether Mr. Webster is that
"Judas," and "traitor to freedom," that "tool of
the slavery extensionists, which he has been
so liberally pronounced through some months
past We have not liked his speeches
some of his votes on "the Wilmot," &c. ; 1
we shall now be sadly disappointed if he does
not provo a more effective champion of free
soil than many of his most unsparing defamers.
Let us look and see.
A Railroad Argument.
It is said by some that railroads only bene-
efit the place situated at the terminus, while
they retard rather than advance the progress
of those through which they pass. The fol
lowing item is a very handsome proof to the
Springfield. One of the most inviting and
flourishing cities in central Ohio is Springfield.
it is built up with Yankee tasts and enter
prise, and now has a population ot 5,107 ; an
shows an increase of 1,000 within the last
year or since the completion of the railroad
through the city.
J3T Our readers will find on the first page
of our paper this week, an excellent original
prose article signed "Hawthorne." We trust
the authoress will favor us with other pro
ductions of her gifted mind.
A queer fellow while mowing grass
was intollerably stung by a bee. Dropping
his scythe, he followed the bee, and catching
the insect in the grass, between the left
thumb and forefinger, he took a pin from his
shirt collar and commenced stabbing the bee
with it and muttering thro his teeth "I'll
teach you, old fellow, that there ia yel a God
- "How we got iato it. "
Mr. Ch'appel, 'a locofoco ex-member of cong
ress from Georgia, lias published a long letter
on the "state of the Union r Tlie following
extract has matter for grave and serio.us reflec
tion at this time. $ The only point from which
we dissent is that part where he says that the
northern democracy reluctantly came into the
Texas measure.,1 We don't believe there was
the least reluctance, about it. They found
themselves at the mercy of the annexationists,
and quietly step't into the ranks, nd went it
2 .. L . . .....
for PoIk,'Texas and plunder, without a word
of resistance. If any body beard or saw any
reluctance about it they are ahead of us! But
hear Mr. ChappeL What a pretty set of free
soilers the locofocos of Ohio are! , ,;f
' O. S. Jour.
"The annexation of Texas led to the Mexi
can war, the Mexican war resulted in the ac
quisition of New Mexico and California, and
this acquisition gave rise to the great territo
rial quarrel which now agitates and threatens
the Union. The annexation of Texas, ihe
Mexicann war, and the acquisition of New
Mexico and California, were all emphatically
democratic measures. They were, moreover,
peculiarly and eminently measures of the
southern section of the democratic party. ; It
can never be forgotten how loth our northern
democratic brethren were to launch tbe coun
try on the stormy and uncertain ocean of the
first of this series of measures ; nor how stoutly
the whole body of northern whigs fought
agninst it from the first to the last The north
ern democracy, however, yielded to the urg
ency of their southern political allies, and con
quering their own strong reluctance, embark
ed with us fully in support of the great, open
ing measure, tbe entering wedge of the series,
the annexation of Texas a measure which
was undoubtedly the potent, productive cause,
the prolific parent of all that followed. They
stood by us throughout, and by their aid we
triumphantly consummated tbe whole of that
tupendous senes of measures, constituting
mass of achievements which raised tbe char
acter of our country prodigiously, both at home
and abroad, and justly filled the party and es
pecially the southern portion of it, with bound-
ess pride and exultation." .
Cholera at Celumbna.
August 16th 5 of cholera, 2 other disease.
17th 4 of cholera, 3 other-diseases.
ISth 6 of cholera, 2 other diseases.
19th 5 of cholera, 3 other diseases.
20th 6 of cholera, 2 other diseases.
The State Journal of the 19th says: "We
were in hopes we should b able to announce
the disappearance of this disease to-day, but
the deaths yesterday threw us back sadly.
The weather appeared very propitious, but the
report of six chelera cases yesterday, and five
to-day, some of them of well known citizens,
has set all calculation at defiance. The dis
ease seems to linger in Columbus longer, and
act more severely than at any other point in
the west ? .
Shoot the Deserters Hang the Trai
tors Frown Down the Bolters! The
Democratic Courier sends forth the following
orders to the faithful: , . - ,
Democrats of Hakdcock County: The
election is approaching, and it is important that
you should be up and doing. It is with regret
that we find it necessary to warn you against
the insidious and piratical designs of Bolters.
From present appearances, you have not only
to be on your guard against the common en
emy, but against Traitors in our own ranka
lie active! Be vigilant! rown down tne
attempts of Bolters, whether in the shape of
ndependent candidates or their supporters,
and all will be welL -
' Bolters and traitors all such are pronounced
to be, as presume to call in question the right
of a few office-holders and office-seekers to
dictate to the whole party for whom they shall
cast their votes. . The rank, and file, which
compose at least nine-tenths of the party, are
only wanted at the ballot-boxes, to carry into
effect the decrees of the caucus managers.
This is democracy with a vengeance! It saves
the mass of the party the trouble of thinking
or acting in advance -they have only to wait
until the dictators have all things arranged
then walk up to the polls and deposit the tick
et furnished them, without hesitation, on pain
of being branded as bolters or traitors.
- Meigs Reveille.
The Whigs have gained 1 congressman in
Iowa and 4 in Missouri, with- a strong proba
bility of having carried the remaining dis
trict in the latter. They have probably car
ried both branches of the Missouri Legisla
ture. So far as beard from they have 12
senators and 38 representatives, the Benton
tonists 1 senator and 12 representatives, and
the anti-Bentonists 14 representative! This
will give the Whigs a U. S. Senator, in place
of Benton, whose term expires next March.
Jt" The New York Journal of Commerce
of Thursday evening says : The balance in the
sub-treasury this morning was $5,167,894 47,
being the largest amount ever held here in
the government vaults. The nearest approx
imate balance was on the 27th May, when it
amounted to $5,164,603 36. -
Bear it in Mind. .
There is one significant truth we wish to im
press upon the minds our readers. All the
votes cast against the admission of California
were locofoco votes, save only three. Califor
nia knows who are her trusty friends by this
time we trust . Toledo Blade.
Ilayti Marriage Relatione.
The Moniteur Haytien gives an official
statement of the births and deaths, marriages
and divorces, during the first quarter of the
present year, in the West, North and South
Provinces seventeen towns in all. In these
towns the whole number of children born in
three months was 1863, 1700 were born out
of wedlock, and only 163 legitimate! Such a
monstrous disproportion between these two
classes of children exists in no other country,
we venture to say, on the face of the earth,
where the marriage institution ; i recognized.
In the same towns the deaths in that period,
were 406 ; 65 marriages and one divorce. In
Port au Prince alone, the capital of the em
pire, there were 413 children born, and only
29 of them in marriage; 77 deaths and 20
marriages. . "
. Tbe following incident given in a dispatch
from Washington shows up most beautifully
the workings of the peculiar institution in the
National capital of the "land of the free, "and
the home of the brave." " The writer who is
evidently rather its friend than otherwise,
speaking of the disposition of slave owners to
sell to slave traders says:
A cruel incident of this kind
great sympathy here at present
"inw miams, wecoaciimanoi rres.
IPolk, 'Taylor and Fillmore, were suddenly
seized by a slave trader, and taken from their
home in this city, oil to .Baltimore, to be sent
to New Orleans. His wife, over 60 years of
age, three daughters and three grand children,
were thus snatched from him in an hour to a
fate worse to him than death ; to be sold to
the highest bidder, and separated from hirn
and each other. ' The poor man wrung his
hands and rolled upon the ground, was nearly
crazed in fact, by the dreadful parting. Af
ter many years toil, he very recently purchas
ed his own freedom, but his family were own
ed by some one in New Orleans. The Pres
ident feeling deeply for his distress, gave him
money and let him. go lo Baltimore to see
them. Williams found the trader would take
the sum of 13,200 for them and returned with
the hope of raising that amount here to redeem
them. A petition was drawn up, and to-day . J
circulated about the city and House of Repre- i
resentatives, setting forth the fact, and asking j
for assistance, which was so promptly render- 4
ed, that the prospect is, in the language of f
Williams "very fair." "' . , - '
The President, Mr. Webster, Gen. iscott;
and a number of Senators, members and citi
zens have contributed sums of from 5 to SS0.
Mr. Corcoran gave 1200, which was the price
i 1 ..
asked for the aged, wite, and . he made her
"free" at once. Besides doing this, Mr. Cor
coran has purchased one of the women, who
has lived in his family for some years.- Mrs.
Com. Patterson another, and Mrs. den. Town-
send-a third, who lived with her for some
years past. So the children, for whom $1,500
(.were asked, only remain to be purchased by
the grandfather and he is in a fair way of
raising this money. -w . .. .: . - : . ' -
Later from California. "
. V New Yor?, Aug. 21.
The steamer Philadelphia: arrived , at 7
o'clock, this morning, with . two weeks later
news from California. . She, left Chagres on
the 8th and Kingston on the 10th. She brings
131 passengers' and upwards of 5800,000 in
gold dust .... .w i. .? y ' s i
, News from the mines very encouraging..
The speculative feeling has been exhibited
for flour, Chili has been sold, to arrive, at $15
per sack.': Mess beef has advanced. "Pork
has recovered. Butter, lard, and cheese, sell
ing to a considerable extent Market closed.
Gold dust is $16 and 25 per ounce.
.J-t':r': 40i ". - ; 'v..vi-
ST A proposition has been introduced in
to the Senate of the United States, to confer
the rank of Lieutenant General by brevet up
on General Scott, as a reward for his great
military services in the war with Mexico. ' No
one but Washington has received this appoint
ment before." ' - " ' ' '
Fourteen Lives loai.
, - ' : - - - . ; - Boston, August 1 6.
A catastrophe of a most melancholy and
distressing character occurred yesterday fore
noon, at Lynnfield involving the lives of four
teen persons, all women and children but one.
A large party of men, women and children,
most of them connected with the First Chris
tian Society of Lynn, went to Lynnfield, on a
picnic party, and chose a delightful spot on the
borders of a beautiful pond. About 2 o'clock,
a party of 25 went on a largo .flat bottomed
row-boat for an excursion on the pond;, when
about 100 yards from the shore, the boat cap
sized, and 14 were drowned. The disaster,
has thrown the community of Lynnfield into
the deepest distress. . " ; .
V . --, .;
' Important from Texas.
. ...-. -, . Washington, Aug. 15.
The Union of yesterday says, a gentleman
arrived in this city, by last evening's southern
boat, who states that he had just come from
San Antonio, m l exas, and that 8,000 men are
under arms, preparing to march to the Rio
Grande to defend tbe rights of Texas, thou
sands more stand ready to march if necessary,
under the standard of the state. -
From tbe Plains. - -
We give below a short extract from a letter
received from a friend Major Singer who
is now on his way to California. It is dated
Fort Lanmie, June 23d. The statement it
contains in reference to disease being confin
ed to emigrants travelling south of the Platte,
will account for many conflicting reports of
sickness on the plains, ' which have been re
ceived during the summer:" -
'Never did I perform any part of a journey,'
he remarks, 'a witness to so much disease, suf
fering and death. The graves of the dead of
last year's emmigration, were to be seen only
singly, and at a considerble distance apart
those of this year are already in Clusters, ev
ery few miles along on the; road from Fort
Kearney to near this place. From bere on,
the mortality decreases. To what the sick
ness (cholera morbus) is to be attributed, al
ter considerable enquiry into many cases, I
am at loss to conjecture. ... . . . --.s'-
As might have been expected in the gen
eral panic that prevailed, the disease was pro-
nonnced Asiatic Cholera. , It appears howev
er, that it was confined to the south side of
the Platte. The emmigrante. on the north
side only knew of it as they received report
from the south. . ;., ..-,.
. Weights and Measures.
As all families are not provided with scale
and weights referring to ingredients in general
use by every housewife, Dr. Browne gives the;
following list: - . . -v v
Wheat flour 1 pound is 1 quart : - 1
Indian meal 1 pound 2 ounces-is 1 quart. .
Butter, when soft, 1 pound 1 ounce is 1
quart - "
Loaf sugar broken, 1 pound is 1 quart r.
White sugar: powdered, ,1 pound 1 ounce ia
1 quart. .
Best brown sugar, 1 pound 2 ounces A 1
quart " ' ' ' '
Eggs, average size, 10 are 1 pound.
Sixteen large table-spoonfuls are half a pint
Eight table-spoonfuls are 1 gilt
Four large table-spoonfuls are half a gilL
A common sized tumbler holds half s pint
A common sized wine glass holds half a gilL
A census taker in Scioto county, in
this state, has found one family with 20 chil
dren, all alive and kicking, the mother nursing
the 20th babe. He describes the children as
being" about an inch in heightb apart
V- act, , , ., . .